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Full text of "The Cambrian Traveller's Guide: And Pocket Companion; Containing Information Relating to the ..."

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^ 



THE 

CAMBRIAN tllAVELLERtS GUIDE 

and 

PO€KET COMPANION. 




W.M.Craig, da. 



a $ramimt,4tt4i 



Price 7t. (kUin bovdt. 



THE 

CuLMBRIAN 



T R A V 4 luLM. R 'M^ p I D E, 



'.and ri 



POCKJET GOMPANION 



I ^' 



'ANJ[( 



I containing 

THE COLLECTED UILQRIIATIQN OF THE MOSt POPULAR 

AND AUTHENTIC WRITERS, *|" tf 

relatingto iA/iCM'^^^^^ 

THE PRINCIPALITY OF WALES, AND PARTS OF THE 



CITIES, 
TOWNS, 



ADJOINING COUNTIES J 

angmentedby 

CONSIDERABLE ADDITIONS, 

THE RESULT OF VARIOUS EXCJJRSIONS : 

comprehending 

HISTORIES AND DESCRIPTIONS OF THE 



^ 



VILLAGKr.:^--^ - ^tA!y8fi¥&^> 
CASTLES> 



BLOCKS* .. 



waterfaIlV 



CHURCHES, 
ARRANGED IN ALPHABETIC ORDER. 

Abo, 



BRIDGES, 



DESCRIPTIONS OF WHAT IS REMARKABLE IN THE INTERMEDIATE SPACESt 



Solitary Houses, Caverns, Woods, Tumuli, 

Forts, Rivers, Fields of Battle, Pillars, 

Encampments, Aqueducts, Islets, Druidic Circles, 

Walls, Lakes, Cromlechs, Werksof Iron, Th, 

Ancient Roads, Forests, Carncths, Copper, &c. 

THE ROADS ARE DESCRIBED, THE DISTANCES GIVEN, 
AND THE DISTINCT ROUTES OF 

Aikin, Barber, Btngley, Coxe, Donovan, Evans, Hutton, Malktn, 

Pennant, Skrine, H^amer and IVyndham^ 

are preserved. 

The whole interspersed with 
HISTORIC AND BIOGRAPHIC NOTICES, ' 
with 
NATURAL HISTORY, BOTANY, MINERALOGY ; 

and with Remarks on the 

COMMERCE, MANUFACTURES, AGRICULTURE, AND MANNERS 
AND CUSTOMS OF THE INHABITANTS. 



o 



STOURPORT, 

Printed and sold by George Nicholson, (from Poughnill). Sold also by Symonds, LackingtOB 

& CO., Champante & co., and Crosby & co., London; Stoddart & Craggs, Hull; 

Knott & Lloyd, Birmingham ; Hoalstons, Wellington \ and all other Boolueilers. 

1808. 



TBBNEWT08K 
PtJMJC-LmRARY 

, A8TOR,%EN03tANP : 

TILDfiM FOUt4DATiON8 

K 1&3S L 

II \\\ III! I II II I 






entam at.%tvtiofier4(' H?^^ 



ill 



,.;;-,ri^ .-..rr 



|r«yifi|(iaailifefiBrri|igtdnlahyitdlj^^ giiidoJa every ditection 

fromaiiiif^baolL Tviiippl]r»ucb8dMMkrsiUitt>hMetlwi&fore,bveQattemiit^ 
in the^rcfeiie«troriL: The^ditiif»lMt4il%eBfly Meecl tbeiieitt«f aU therinoa 
pO|y«larlattrtttff^'imd!avatti0d'lHMtelf ;o(,tbeir imtmd Ja nor bat iie.ioitell^ 

li«riB»^kitJiBt«Blaffeil aaaceumnieteditiKril^.natrriak, rb]^4U>neaiQMJ^ adf 
ditidiiarm44c:b^lmselHuniigfleTealex(ft»ra^ be JbaiaakO''bGeQ fiHronnotf 

KTitb sooid domnmiikatiQiii^M Yttt, (noii«rif0iltaDiUiig^lb[^>paiii» wbich be>bte tlioc 
tAlpsn^/he^is wc^fe'tbal moitfa vfimaast^x^ tta0|E^oie<t • Aod thii •boiiid aotihft;* 
jpft9tter.o€^l!W^s^ iiri.(Hir iU«aitfiwnta^>fk)ffieks«re, aA4'^ vatied ;a^idfcaBiK 
piifiat^/qivaiaii^ttooa nqciimd^ttt&itn^af cbii^uetetnuretkr; iperha|M were AKioc 
^«t CoQwiiiitfthdaanie^peiftQB; ' U ifcneasMarylaiMriiieMiatlafjte, atieatt, foritbe 
&i>ejamt^aiid^art>c«|BQ|iylar{lai;idKapt wdA ipaintrng^ tii 

be ableJtaditf^ilihmate tbe)vaifioui>ityiea'of.fln:hitectiife$ to fnctue diawing i 
tto- undentaod Bmoendiicy»!botaBy;/aiid] natntal ibittofy <io .general c lo be coiiver. 
^ant wiftb'tbe«irain>9»inodeia<.Bfnc»lmre.( Aiid'tii.biivietftQdied49aa!tttal^'oaK 
0CcIetiaaiiey«Htil/aQd'mUtta^r baatoriet i*d^worki ff aaci^vitf . Tbe aim loltbe 
comptliertbat'^becli.toibicliidp'ailaigerrpoitiflli of bi&vimitioii a«d intaneftaia 
small OQiqpaaa.iiban bar httberto ajHicUrr ri ; yet,. yfaatever may te lawl in eiw 
tracta,:alM>nidbei oomidteDdoniyiairaiiiiljiiet of (pBeHtet'origHudB* Hti bai fvoi^ 
ed thfotighoijit to^edattJt bmUd^Mrtlhr bocp«<red -pbnaea^^ «iviiig to '^C^aantbr 
thingf TjKbtch/alce liM ^ tvibMte to wbom^ tnbttte i»d)ie»*^ ani il Ibere ba^-lHsen pod 
booH'ie«isttDg;Haivb would biive lapplird the use ftf iEhw».be'Woiildiiiot have db« 
trucl^d himseU upon thepublic^ wboare alj^^dy juiperahvmfauifi^rjnpplie^ witb 
Wplsh Tours, Directories* If C. Iec, . 

At the head of each diviaiot^ in tbe'foliewifig work are references to the placet 
yrhenfio |^he*di|Ei3req(tQf}vitts*.w|^oaej^rQdactio^^ have becii,f onsultcd, puipe^sfiMl 
at the end Qf eaoh division are noted the places to which they passed, , jj^be^iat 
iance«, in, ;n)Alei^ have been given, wben^er they could be asdertaipf^s .0^ 
rest have b^n^ai^ppljed from the best maps, on which Independence is so9i^:i^.bai 
uncertain, . The^rompiler trusts much to the hope of making many >fif fiber ^^^ 
cvusion^ ifi^ Wales, and tbereby addipg to the present mass of informatipb*. . Tb^ 
uniit^ (jmnm^nicationsof intplUgent (ourisu could effect vefy much t apdim^vefc 
tigatingresidenM in particular districts still moK* t*bc pfoc^rious teniiie of 4i|«^ 
wiU necessarily 4-aM8e many #(epra(ions in the names of residents, in a f^tnre edU 
tion, if this.C^ijide sboifld, .forti^ately, become a fxeque^t Pocket Qo^npauiibuiiK. 
From tb^ present arrangement, the tourist may nenreiire ^bH trac)ips havi; biaepi 
^explored; fn>m which he may either be directed, into the path mos^ copgpnial. ta 
his pursuit; ( orn^ay 4escry pthers, perchance, mor^ curious and ii| vi^gj. . ; . > 

Some ,^yances have already be^nmade in ^ CaieJonuw OmfUt on tt)e.ive%e«it 
plan, by the compiler, 

3eptemberi 1908, 



BRIEF CHARACT9R3 

or TMB PBINCtr AI, VUBIflCATI Oirs EKFSaBO TO IK TUM. raaSENT l^TORSL. 

The prevailing features in Mr. FpimonriTour through Wales, which R© com* 
'^menced firom his own residence near Flint, is solid Antiquity and History; ^ 
ought indeed to be cdotldered tthat he really was, the first modern traveller in 
Wales, who undertook and executed a work cont^uned in 3 vol. 4to. 1 784, bt 
great Talae, both as to local, historic, and antiquarian research* Mr. W^n^i 

1mm'9i Tour in 4tO, printed I78l» is valuable, as coataining 1 6 well executed and 



U PREFACE. 

faithful views ; and there attaches to this performance the honoar ok harlng fim 
awakened the attention of the English to welsh scenery, and encouraged an iocL- 
nation for excursions in the principality. It was this traveller who obviated the 
prejudice which prevailed, * that the welsh roads were impassable, the inns into!. 
lerablc, the people insolent andi>i^tisht;Maffcfl:onvinced his readers that '* i2 
the level counties the turnpike-roads are excellent ; that the mountatnotis roa& 
mo iib'M0S»i^s^vCM:eodawlihe*ii«hta<if thlB\e6!iiiaymV aMtofi^iaMi the 
inniy wilh*^ ffrw ekQ^|»k>As') MecwnlftrstfitteyaoAthf nhabhatMimiitenad^crr! 
and pbligttig.''' - . ' ^ ' -Sftttf prorailiiig. fearatfaaitiii; M#i ; «fUimb TQiit <h gc>ng|i l^air 
Wakev^K^^ 1^9?iaiefri)nhiotogy^b«l9iyi>aud[sc<mocy9>* ^SirHtRe^ Ikw9«%raup 
Wales,«vo. 1198, slighWfiet aG!at,detirfUoritfaciKidtalikable.obiacxsi»f OBi^ 
Iff 0\^einteres8itvg'4md^ti4kiiig'ttKfafthlbin(¥lriraM8tlBix^ m Kknutfa^KUkt tMnush 
WolesyS voL ^vd Vl^;>ll9tf^ Mvelyiiligbcdeicfiniovy withwali^rftianccdMe 
andt adventure z irw'Ctuif^i lijutorical 1Vm» in JdVnmentlMhife^iatwsb 4cdc- -leui, 
clo40<ia^iittiiiatibh,!>icAned i«ii)llig«ilt fmm^ ibuthi is. roifi«ottto«Jii«Bn. 
Boftk}dior aadd»iogiitijptiy:-'in^lti*l9/i^*S'Toun«nNi»th iWata, ^2viifiiiS^o.ii804. 
IdMaNrr^isocncTypsufdtMiUiBf i^e)daii^ull^^ ;aB Emm^iXbmf^iklfatth 

Walctj8iV0.;180a^'lsi(»'tiiS'«o4Vfn'Si)ttthWafesi8v.» H&^^iawifinmrMtiwe, n- 
iBiCCSJpnim»qcM^,,bUtqkffi2igp»v^^^ um^ifimketUi Tour 

IhsHiglaSouth Wales, 0nKil8O0,'«rdhi»tflHtoinMh«eeaery0.in JinttM^aJteaiariD 
on«.Koftb^Si¥ale^i 8«i^'^ 8<)d»>slighi <kMridttDi^*<(am nkvatiraaiidJapfaiion 
SB iM^ltttii*s.8oei)erfJ^S< 'Walesa 4tQ. >160Vam*BiDbui!vef<e€she>Aeili3ry and 
a. cbUcotioa of miickr btOgra^liibiCMid>iiiistonQ > «iir<iHDaki0nb"ia I Ani«»anra 'Tour 
IhoauBh^aiithlWalesiJflriwk'dvbi tB05^<<ip«i^«hti^iiarfiaii and^lMMfoiidrciliarch 
with idkae ckinniodo^y,^ .botahy ,, ami . ^nivi^otiptllid :: ttt&ttitaaav|raif> Arch- 
bishop Baldwin,. thnMis|:h)Wate^n t iSSiismttftivbjUlinddiwideBnJ^lasvaRxwded 
«lthia|i^8titiousTef9(ti«Mni£mivacl«fl7((HaMy4dd'jbal'<ln MMTiidurtranylstioii into 
£ogIiihi (by air Miehitd>iCbU Nm»v,"hm%J*inniHrpftA>Masi t8M,'4lw-airtKnati<«$ 
iRftiioh<are iotersperscdy.e^libitdcep'reMiif^b^ andidMaffebend/a^licbaMlditioo 
(Sfiorigiabl'infopniatapvi..' '* iv- •• [' ■ incn/r ," M;."? , r< ; 'ij-ir:.;. i 

^ The plan whiCh'Mi-.* MklkVn 'adopted Mortis 'ftiat of- walking; but heiay^, *' ! 
took 8 fervantonhdr^dbackjfoT'the con vcytwce-of books as WeU as 'ncC^sarics. 
i«FUhc«it^vhrch'Cohveniettjfc/alHi6?t every UdV^tj^e' (>f a pedestrian is' lost, ex. 
^fei^homy,*knd that is'coihptct^^ly fhjst)-at<?d'bjp so expensive 'an addition." 
W^rt^ft*^ VH««^ his lot«^ fentlrcJljr'bn foot, and c*rtied h\k own necessaries: He ap- 
pcjSrs t6»ha[ve often Wafted »^inifes in oncMafy*; ^^Iklhg'can onlybepleasin!: 
to tfiAs^'^ho Wavfe becrt ^ciiK</mcd to th^tfeitercise, and wheti rid<'??fHitedtn 
thne.' 'He^whp takes'a^holh^ andsaddfc-hag?*,* h^s certainly moch'lhe advantage 
of a* p«*iktT*Mifr ^in ihiJS'tsiWatfcWs ; he passt^s'6te¥ \wi interesting fracts wit h ceicr- 
ftf ; WWiy^, atleaJii, th*littYi(^ti6ns of bot« tue^r a«d distant objed^s,- and is re- 
^feKrc.dWiih^mbfe coi-diaUty at the irins. "'Tffe'latler', tho« he'b2?'at ilfeerty to 
Acratiibltf'iip a ttioumainota rbc^,' has tcr'siiflfi^iVior^' froni tha< Mlditiph^' to his 
common •fistigim.' *T is'fcru^ thAtbe t^n stcp'&side 16* botanize land examine the 
lMeiAuttttt'di''nStureant) art, in ^itiihtiorrs whefrt'ii hbi'se would be-anlHcumbtance; 
but when he arrives wet and weary, at an inn, at ten at night, he h^s'Mnretimes 
to suflfcr<We mortiflcatiOn'ofWing received with coldness, treated Wtfti scibordi- 
natc accommodations, if not refused admittance, and'obliged to 'tklLC up with a 
mere public house ; or proceed further. Dr. Mayor, who proves to be the 

anonymous tourist in the " Modern and Contemporary Travels," vol. 3, several 
times referred to in the present work, says, " The comforts of a carriage*arc 
scarcely compensated for, WheA \Ue rfhmerAui 4Acbhvcniences are taken into the 
account.. 'irh««io6t 4«tdet^endent wayof trivelttng'is eettainlyan-foot ; bm 
as fe^w have hpaUJi of gtreng^h Jfor .ap ^un(lertfkia| /?f |his kii[id,,j:arr4e4 tp any 
longtli, the anost pleasant ar^ s^isfactory way n^fmaVing a tour, is undoubtedly 
up(^n asafc and.<iuiet hearse, adapted to t^ie country through which wearp.to pass. 
1 would. thcrfc (ore adyise pf^nons who arc .tra;v'^rsing Wales, to pxirchasp a^^urc- 
f%Q^'ed^ wfjlsh' pbiiey, as sof^r{.a$ tlicy ehtex tliu; country, aiid, to perform tji^i^ part 
^X.lhp. journey wl^ichlics ^{jrfjugii En|;land in 'regular, stages. . ,T*li^j^ may. tjiius 



^yA4B4l»^m9 ipfiiKlprUHiftanyrMN$04ilap,Df joqmbp^^ 148. ! BriiMaf 

friend, and two gentlemen, but he does nan:iEte«Tibeithe.t«Sucl^urtfaier* .Jithii 
remai-ks, however, at Corwen, he says, '* we were assembled and ready to start ; 
and tho* at six o' cltxck^ a CfOw| vf^ f^^iyrod rour.'j i ul i. ,n'.i£c, :is visual, ad- 
XX\ i r'l HE i t' s s in tuj !l|-' &n s|rucTjb Vi ^ ^ 1 tia y t^ p " t. " tie n nij t ic t^d th is circii m&taiice j 
butirw^"^^qJii'rC|^o^ coyiijiial'anjuseniefjt tu u& incWtiTY^ pl^cc through whith 
W € '[1 ;iss(^d : h{.'c rs u F.e U ■ a m u jc d {?Jli tt^,]!' l '['', ;.,'.' , " l^.' , !j T . t' '".'", . " ,,"',' 
''The corn \f\\ r r 1 {^s fri ! 1 it^Ti r s L ra v d^<;^^' oh fop i^ 'd ti t Ji^' h^i !>(; cj] ,' t ife e others , s^b- 
jdcAud idyjWiJ£\X!ti'pU^3sanE rcbuffia^^is at TANyHwLcH.and^^^^ Vtic 

py 1 lie ij^^ pb] ^ t li Ba to w al k i uf ^ i d i l^ifi c*n nta k(i , , fs tjfi a |:, of , tarry i dj^ the Ui^-i 
g^g c: of a r h jn ge ' cfr t wo O f [ : lien an cl' s loc k i n gs, a '^h>^ 11 'qp. oi pasi ^ p pw^Spt pr 
tive glajs* Hull's Pocket Flora, a portable press fur drying pTanifs, this "mterleaved 

nt; f f<wi5ioE^;vi9tp;|uvvpiry 9rp^ilaEablo 
ycd lie wil],ggner:vily relievcyou fiom 
[iiifiost i3tsiTafel<^modi\ of travelling i^ 
ceruinly upon a strong little liorsc which you can relieve by watkitig at ifltervata; 
' ~ ■ ^ one ^i at wa5j broken Av In dpdp, 

vlleriJ H^/had'tfCcasion to le^ve 
r FoUr^geiitlemcb bn foot, wbprn 




tcrs u pon tli c f c c t resu U from i h i s c ?f ere ise . But fh st in ctiW y d ti ie qcc m^y j^be 




apply a compress of brandy, \i iLti an equal quajttitjf ot yihegai' o{:^lhi6\ 

Udvicc 10 Clviy^fc%1\b a^^^ 



at d anoint wiib.oiL , ,, See, also 




tclcrable convcMitince, the n-gular chain of which a good niap 'ft ill point ^jjut. 



Ttje following catalogue of the Ixi^hly ^licturcsqiie riycrs vvt>ijch constitute the 
glial be ail ry g( Stiuth Waltffe li'trabscribetl frbm DraytMn''s ^jpographic pocirl,^ 

That Il<jmney when sUe i-^aiv tlitst- [j;aU:,]iL tiyiiiiplvs orCiea^ ' '' '.! 

tjn this appointed nutcli u'ere ail io liutly bent. '' '.^''. ., '^' . 

- '^ ^ 'VahUfe'fehd;dftiny:i'(^ritliVte'^S^dM^^^^ ': '.''.. '^'''^ 

• 't|fe;!lftnii4tnet^iaii fields ^tid'^iamtoanlah gtolihcl, ' ' '" ' ' ' ''• /'''^ 
• ^ •H«.tto(Mc'trffraroHg;,'4^^^^^^ ^''':* ••>«'.'. ^••- v/fh;.. 

' ' • <WVift^y^lMfih'clea#Cuiittdcdiiid,VlhstyCambi^^MlSs^" 
' ' -';ft'^,^liv5^';^ndfkhH^rEWenhy'Mdshe^^ ' "•■" 

- *'■ :':arrdOfeiTt6i^/;;which'WdufaW ' ' '"' '^';;; 
- -• :\'^ V'A'^'^^^lte(i '^V ^^t^eh'nihjbleVl^^^^^ ' '•■ '• •^''•■; 

> '-'^ ^'ytftWilricigftY)oiirmgtiyini^h? forher MuAl*$ k^owil| '•'.'', 

besides her double hcad^tdh'el'iS her Weamti^tr^a'A':'. ' ;! 

• ' herhSndrtards, McltasWeeV^learHepseya^dffag^^^ '^ ' '^^ 

from Brecknock forth doth break j theq Dnlas, apd Cledd^ugh, " '' '* 
by Morgany do drive her through her waterfsaujjh^^ ' " :: 

with Tawy, taking part t; assist the Cajnbriaq power ^.^" ' ' - • *. 
then Lhu and Logor, give^t6 Strengthen th^iji' by G 6 wfc^/' * ,' "''*' 

Betwixf'Neatharfd Lbgoris thii G6\V^f; 'a little provtrtcj^, ^J^nded inl,Q the sea 

as a chersbnese j <«M'bf*ift,ofn-thtiWcit,irfJe these two rifyiertrt^Cant^the kutbor. 

— .7%c Scenery y S^c. of South Wales, Ato. "■'■'^ 



•rThd oB«^iler1iMoibMiid.£va^*ft.qid«oca>if^ «HtakllPlMiif itt kf Um u t t, 

oen&siiiy itt.memtcm;an>excel^tMro«lietUfli|i|»i#fcl^«riioM^ Piripwifiiiy, %f 
C^ISitiithj t9^ Si9raad^i.0f<d«^i price ^. 

:JT -< '. ■ • - • 

njE WELSH, OR BRITISH tANGIfAQE; 

js c(^n]c.<(M|re(l to |iav<c had do^ leu t^n 38 letters; at |>reseni \5 si«gte, a«d Y 
^outilfe coiUonanti, atod 7 voweU are u*6d. J, %.; Q, X. V, a^d 3( ara ooi pro[v 
/cifly wchh letter*, but modern innov^ion, even jn the naan^s of wcUh towm. 
h3(i frcquciitly introduced $oine of them . For }, $i is u^, and ^ometij^cs i ; tbt 
^Wnd of k ii expnef sed tty c ; of jq by CSV ; of X by ;cs J of F bjr f j>nd for^, s is used, 
fhe aiphabet contains A, B, C, Ch, P, Dd, E, f, fi, Q, Kr, ^^ J^J.. J^, m, X, 

i op TH3 PRONUWIATJON OP T^ WfiLSH .WITERS, 

^ ' A^ k pr^nqunced as A £h;^Ush| in ffoan; p^jD^ |ad, bad : ;^ w^QDfi^ociij]4ex» 

^4 ias in damq, pale* ale. 

^^' C, a* K Ei>£iiih« or M C in /can, c^n<e, come : never M in ce^wr, ^tXt-pisteni. 
^ C;k a* X Er^e^, ri|h,tly jyonounccd j and b^ifi^ ^ Jwfeiil, if C9C^ attcnde4 

^itii w. '.,*■/ ; . ^ . . . 

0,^ D Entlisli* ^ . • 

" pd, aKth English^ ia Lhisy tfeou, tbat;^ 44a, f Q<x|f U pfq|)Oiip^ ^. 
;J;5rfi<fMtqd, ai E EngUihp ui men, .t»i>,kcdj cinrumBf^;^ |j|,^'^^ tear. 

";FaiVcotv*onAnt, puglish. , . 

70 -lA G Eii£lU|i, U gam, 1^, ^,. . , 

Jn^ as Kp'. in Endjjh, a* kLtn|;. rini^, q^ODf , strqnf . 
\^H, a» H^i 11 the EtigH&hj hand, hipd. Not|3, .^t «PP»e )ud rather |i^ this ao 
^ujdliary, iljau a letter; because it serves .pnly ^q a«piratc thq IjprcgQliig como' 
ti|iit£* ^^ cJi, j^b vt/i i yr the following' vowcUi ^ h^,hf;, &c. 
^';iAi Ecin the ,g/iglish, bpe, trqBf,Qr/i,ih wh, ring,. thif|{jj.,f^, :^.rptrcat, ii 

'"''t^i^iir English, i^ law, Iqye, toiy. 

Ll^ ji LatpirAt^d. and hstf a sound peculiar to the Welsh. It if pronounced, 
ffjf^^^ing ikc tQp gr [h<£ topgue to the, roof of the mouth, and brealhiog fovcibfy 
thPoQjjh the Jaw teeth i>o both sides, but more on the rijgjit^ j^^i/>vr^^^n 'H^P^%r 
fl^tiiLlh/ Llangollen if ^pjfQpouucpd'jrhl^ngoil^lpU. 
' Ms, as ^E(ie1U|>. . , ' 

' J*, ai 1? EinsUfth: . . 

O, acvitLHl, as O ir> g<3[U^ : circjamflexed, as Q, in boifc, 

F^a^p-EDslislt. 

Y\\, as Ph Engliibj as in philosophy, physic, 3ec. . The, true diflerenpe be? 
jLwiit ff* ajid ph, Is, ihat/^e write y^it^ ff, eith|er sucl^ word> as are purely brit- 
ish, as ffon, a staff; ^u, a den \ ffordd, a,way ; ffelaig^, a chieftam, anrince : or 
auch words as are derived from btin word* written with F, as ffydd, ij|ith ; ffyn- 
Qon, a fountain s^fTurf^ a, form ; ffenestr, a window ; peH&ith, perfect ; but we 
i^rite with ph either such british words as h?ivc the radical P duinged into 
the aspirate Pt>^ jM^tri-pi^co* three |ieads frofp Pen, a hpad; or when this Greek 
Phi, or HebreW Af, are to be expressed, as Philosophydd, Philemon, Ephesiaid, 
Phinehas, Pharaoh ( for it would be absurd to write these words, Triffcoi 
Pfilosoff]f dd, Ffilemon, Effesiaicl, Ffinehas, pfaraoh. 

R, as R Engiisfi j >njd,^'hcn i^ f^dic^, if ^»ray8 f^piratc;4, an^ is theii y^iih 
ten rh. , 

S, as S in the iBugUilj favour, s^nse. 

T, as T English- 

Th, as Th En^fUsb* ip thick^ thought;, mouth. 

U as I ^gUs!^> in thif , bliss, : 'if circun(i<le;[eo, aa ^e, in queeju, screen, green, 

W, as ip the ]Eo{^|^ as to, who : if cirpufflfef^p^i ^ flq^ Ml bOop, rpot, aoot, 
boot. " 



Y« in file petfnttiitta, antepenultiim, 9ec, u li iti the £ngt»h tnrti, fatint/ 
furtheiv itmdy ; or at i, in bird, third : in the ultima or in monosyllables, as i in 
the CDglish tin, thin, skin, trim, (except these monosyllables, y, ydd, yro, 
T0« yr, ys, fy, dy, myn; which sound Y, as in the penultima); and if circum^ 
flexed, as ee# in the engHsh meekf seek^ You have both sounds in the words 
bvnoXy vstyr, Uythyr, myfyr, pybyr, &c. The constant sound of Y, in the pen- 
ultima, »c<and it'tordinary sound in the ultima, are both exemplified in the single 
word, sundry. The accent is, in all Welsh words, either on the last, or pen-' 

ultima syllable; never on the antepenuhiroa : but it is much more frequently 
on the penultima } and when on the last, it is a circumflex. 

OF THE VARIATON OF INITIAL LETTERS IN WELSH. 

Such words as beein with mutable consonants, viz. b, c, d. g^ 11^ m,p, r, and t^ 
in their |ii^MiTW;t:1ia0^e thesi thfe^t lidicd lilitial Ife'ttets; as-oictJistbri rttill 
require, and according tOi tti« MM,i tM<Hi«Hith% ^^V>rd# pi/ifeceding have on them, 
at follows. Words primarily bei^inoing with C liave four initials, YVtj c» 

ch, g, ngh) asc4r agos, a near kinsman, ei chSir, hieTiVmsmaii^ ^M^^K nis Kins-* 
man; fyngh^, my kinsman. ^ WQrdspnmarUybjfgiiiniii^witbI>ha\(elikewise 
four,p, b,mh, ph ; aspen |^|/d Man's Head i ci ^hj his head; fy mheh, my head ; 
ei phen, her head. Words tfilat i>aVe T In their primary; use, hi^ve also four 

initials, t, d, nh, th; astid y pleh^jf^, the, cbild*'s fathers >i,did',[his ^her; 
fynhiUI, my. father; el thli4r h^r fialther^- , .. Words l>egnnipg wUH B have 
three, b-, f, m; as bslra (iadh,^Aianchet-1>readi ^ei.Tara, his bread; ifvmara^ my 
bread* -.. Words beginning with T> liave likcwUe threei ij dd, n,y as Duw 
tnigarog,amefclfVirC6d; eiD^uw; hii God^ fy Kuw^ my (^d. ' Words 
beginning with G have^ also ihree/ viz. gt Dg, w, and the first' ifoweljnthc 
word, casting awa^ the {^i as gw&s fl^ddlon, ^ faithful Servant ;>fy bgw^ my 
servant^ ei w^,..hi8 servaftC*. * Wf>rdi bc^ianmg wUli U ^Ve but two 
initials, 11, l;'as41i;tw we'im,^a white hand; ci law, his hiiud. Words 

beginning with M have likewise but^^^o, my i \ mam diT'L<>n« a tender mother ; 
ei fam, his mother. Words l>egituMng with RU lutve also two, viz. rh^ 

T, as rhwyd lawn, A full net ; ei rwyd, his [>e;. Note, tha^ -M and K 

also, are aspirated in Sotith Wales ; as ei mhaih', her mother } ei nhai, her nep- 
hew. This variation of the initial letters is always regulalr» and, con- 
stantly betwixt letCers of the same o^gan. of pronunciation f for a hViai letter 
is never changed to a dental, nor a dental, to alabtaU &c. Adverbs, 
being formed of adjectives, become (uch, by-puttiii^ yn in appoiUiun tu the 
adjectives, which change their mutal)re initial jcomouao is intu lUcir softj as 
da, Quljective) good ; yn. dda,^ (^dv^rbj ^ye^y nawynt (adj.) kind j yi^ fwjfn, 
(advO kindly. tiiitt^l vowels are also capable of occas I on al chan g e^. Some 
of changing one vowel jinto another; as aberth, a sacrifice, pi. ebyrth; atuil, 
to stop; ettyl, he will ; stop j.8cc. And'allj .of Ukirtg the aspirate h before 
them after the pronoUn sing. Ei, w*heh of iHe^TemuiitR- gender ; and the pi. 
pfononnfl^'eQi»'Abeiii|taa(l«Mipi««r?^eo»iiCb^(&IRft'i'iftr^n^ oedrtm^^ge; ei hod- 
ran, her age ; amser, .tinie^ jeu^ilismsdi^'^tKeit ^ih^ ( ^^ladlk breath j' cm han- 
adl, our breath; Arglwydd, Lord; i'm Harglwydd, to my Lord, &c. to which 
nOe dipthongs arc also subject ; as eiddo, one's own ; ei heiddo, her own, kc. 
In liking for words in a dictionary, the reader should always turn to them in 
their primary or radical initials. — Richards's Welsh Grammar. 



1 ;Ai.i.rT 



Vni 

,::?.. '.'... '' ;: .1 >.'! r.: J 

ff ; r . .< .' ' .'"I rii n. I. r.: :• Mf : i'l.il? ,''!"< .it ' »». in j yLii/' 

]'. n . . M. ., ,Y I Mii'.a il *..' r ; ; /ri . .'b .Vl 4 

.':./# . ^ J.. 4: .:.. t» . i.-Y .:; yji ..'•) vt- .. r ."> 'iiH 'ti ,«r» 



'.-i' . 1 'T, .'■T'.t: .• V r-iT 'JO 



,iU'j)', . >. .^.••-' AIAXr BR&O&S W/iXI|-XiIB 11KM» :...>£ 1 r:c . 

'^ (*6l.Ji,lme58;fot "S^*^ substitute 2a/ .'"' ' ' 

- ■ V line 45*, for '^« ^J" aub. 6J ' . ' ' . *' * '. , / " ' 

'" '^ IX aCret lii'l f ,'^'d,.To Conwy 1 1 milei, Wjumer; 
' V ' ' '• ^ ••' *" . — Hhtidtfl^, 6 mUes Skrinc- ' ' ^ ,';V.. ' 

''"" ^ 2^.'l.;'46i'for *• Comdochoii" supoly Corndocbon, , ; ' . 

J ' -^ 29 r.'9,frbh\bQttom,fot "lli^'liq^ilS. ' ' !' " 

■' ' 4.8ftombouonif6t"HolYhpia"'iup;GWyndy. \' ••' •• 

Vf';-:i'4€,.l.iJl,for "48"sup.3d.,^ ;^, / "^ ' ;/*' • • 

• ; * -r eOi' 1. ^ & 6,^elc " Donovan'/Evani,' Skrine» Warner,*,' and. sup^To KeaS^ 
''■'?' ■', liiWile5,p6rioVan, Evans, Skriri'e; Warner, , .' .^••♦'• 

' '2- 'rg'l. 25 for'» Dp<rt5igfi84iire" «tfp\ Flintshire, " '''/*♦ 

v ' — 30; 1.7d^le'the whole, aiid Vup.To Hbpc/rmile, Pennant;/ 




- 141, after 1. 30, add, To Welsh St. Dbhau, J?J milet, JjliOkiii., 

— M'5».I. 42,'for"'g'*siip. lO. ' ". . ' , , V 

^ ;' ' f. 13, forr'**.a6 miles,'" sujpi'ii'- ' ." ' ' ". : 

' ' ~'ajQ,1.24;fdt"Hullber^^6o,^'s\ipVPtlC.,,. ' *' ,;;/ , ;; 

' '' ' '— • iTO, L 10, 'for <* IVrwdy/' supiTeivi. ' .' • ' . '^ ' ." 

'■ '^-^ 2«i,l.aiVfot«i5*'sup. 20. V ;, ' ' .. .v ,. . 

'*' ^ 3^3»l-«^.^22,for«*Bi5hopVcajstle''s^p.»ri4geniytH. • 'V' ' 

"' "^ 4ii^l.thelast;f6r*«i4"sup. 11. ''; ' ; ^ *;, " 

— 462, 1. 2», fdi*** LUnidloes, i^,*"8np' Welshpool, l^'..! , ^'"' 
^ j ^ ^ - 7 ^ 16, 1. 3 4 J dele * » tfience to TbW jrij 1 7 »^ ^d sup', ; ^ . ' . ,.;•,/ 

.!.'„;,, ■ Some other, incorrectiont of i^terirapottancc lave oociiiredji»whLcb Uk 
.rt..! , .compiler hop€&wiUb^excusedmaArst<e4ittoh. • . 

/f->;r. •■ . I L^i ,i>7f\l rn < ; ,h.-'W'. '•Ir..': ; i)i.' J .' 'V-"" ••'- ...].. y. f -ji . 

. ''*. .rr 7f» r\j ,1-' '•. • i ;•> r • • . •.■.. '•'••>;•.;.> f>:2 .:r • - T-or!:-; . 1 
; . ' I '.t 'fTfM -^►•/z •• f.M'rr i ' ,• . /,• . ': ..-j./rr. ; .":• /. " >' > ■' .'»;• • ' 



I ■: • ■••; : • ■■•• ■• "' 

.. .1 .:■.■, < ■■ .. ■•..■.( 



.1^*^; CAWttotA!? TRAVELLER'S OUtDE, 



th^nadisifof (ilsttr^s occurritis^lti hi6 telft, dittitt^MhtftfUy tficJ»iiB oAHtftiM^ 
ibsKf bt fbul^d With More btilirge^ deieriptioii in' the ^eneMl ^i^^lUbetie' m^ 
t^ib^eat; t^os^ in itiRti.^Htiiefyta note, vtt ^IttttA to^rom th« • bMteil * 

t il ' "^ '• "•'V ;; '•'•-,■'>•,•: I =•• -' I ' -• •" • ^'^Y ^'^x 

\. .■:.':■;... -!. '.;;;'■' ;.;'A4Eft. • •". .,?:\'^ 

From Port Peartqn[ii««iln^Ailte;llM«k > b^weVATk^aUtMpflaoCMQfWaietCon^f 

• **«Mi«iMtVeclM,f«iimt|1li«)f9v'. ini»er«t«d the wt^ation o^ De BrcQiij 

-tr- CoMTm9 viifft«.iia^ll|(f«iM« ... - MMi wM fo mwch .nf on hjr his m^p^ 

— ^Per^pfnnMwr.skriiK^ ,., .. \\ ., «i||l aidbirpjM,jU«at a clandestine inUnvicy 

AB£^,(tbecoiiflucnce)isaplcaaA.n| rw»oVn^ U^er^ted th€f knight froiS \^ 

ttUe ?i%e, about 9 mJes distarn;|yqm capuviw. So^n ai^r, (acts ofincopstan- 

Conwy, atf<v^ing. a comfortable, joi^ ,.- ^^, luirigi^ on the pairt of the. ^x\x^i 

which froip At*s »n)ii»t»oiv near / <f»i»qe|i ^^p^^^n^i deceit i>o the part of the captivd 

Afa»T, IS a convenient .p\^cc whence friend, being 4* wvered, tlewelyn, sq- 

tOjttjeiid.the»uromiiaffhanno^nu»n, ^^^^ jYom thcXnight the favourof a 

Thu » ope of |he -^-pwmAnglesea. v.i*»t.iQ*vhichh€uiV&utpectii?glvacceed. 

When the tide M owt^ the Lav^n, B^ndi ^ y^ ^^s once nu)re.in the power of 

are dty far^ jpiiea^ 9y«r which rtie p;^ Llewelyn, whoc^t off the character of 

•engerhaft*.walktothechann<?lt^J»cre f^i^ and.. a$» wed. that of the lieiJ^, 

^ek^fAHM, pUei. A* fi?e..sap^ fre- j^ ' Uqwc I yn'». orders the Kmgh^was 



uiBKV^^OMV j?im;i. -m vi,»c..»«»ip irc- a^ UQwclyn's.orders the K,mgh^ivas 

Menfly,s|ii&s^.tl4t W.4IK.1S dfingj^rpus, g„t .^^^ dpngeon, «nd agallow's e. 

Yet many *fe wider the necessity pi ad^ ificiqd on a sipaU eminence intKe^ell, 

ventttrii>g,w^Uie large bcUol/V^r»# abou^ '90 yards below the castle, ok 

mng qi^tapay 4.uring fogjjy, Y^e^ther, wliich J5e Breo^ suffered death, tlie vicr 

Mii»jt..thosc.9ownft froipai^je islap^* tim of treachery and of love^ Vvt'dii 

l»yit'««pnnj^. .Frpmthisyiil;«te.^deep not the barbarity of -Ue^yc^yn end h^re; 

M r^piapiic «l€n, in length nearly jjje uU^m^tum remained,'with"wbicKhe 

»womiief»i^the*ven»etoa^^lebrated ^^teuded to glut his. revenge. /\^Wfe 

catarw%»lM's extremity, caUed Uhif ^^ knight hung^ Ufiyif^Y^ tooV te 

srfr mm»* falling ojver a tremfcpdous prii;icess to a wtndo>y, f^ora which was a 

ib^rWPJkr «s^U«d ;W,«« y C^er, by.^a full view olthe gallows. Approiachinff, 

awblelaU, th€)ilowei|.of which may be he sarcastically .SmiI^i^o<J 4^4 what 

5a£Q0t« . Upppanafiificialroottn;, siic would. giv^ for ';^sigh^oF her lover, 

ne^r t^rvjU^ge* i^flce *tood ^q^U, \h% ^t the n^ighbpp^pg cqt.tages. near tJi«» 

pala9»ofUew«lynapGry,ffy4d,princQ foot of this rppuof^ tradition tetainii 

ofWalet,TThe v^tiges pf th^ W.W ancj pewelyn's qui^^t^n and ^hq l^fc^^fty 

It's (eeder tiop;^ the,riv:^.ya./^Wip, ,wer in Welch. tel^ngUsh'Kus,; *;: ; :, 

trf Hm«v tbe ihS Llewelvn. was so *• wliit Vi^fil you gfVe to HM W WiHM >" 

« <ieaw tiie «uM, weweiyn. waf sp «waic8»«idr8ftig«iwi«mii'Lkwdi«;i - 

^teat.baiqili. prw^perv w.^pm hecoii^ Upon.anMH«\laiB, Abaut.^ miMUJouth 

^^ilm llit .<^t}9 fit Abj^f. iQ Ui)s of Lteweiyn^'«attleriiw.«.4&id^i;«Ued 

situatiw ii IfieBdpthip took pla«;e bfr Car ^wilimi^D^^tf'gt: «ai?p»^f'4f?^*» 

twf«fttbe<;aff(ive^ (who.is^^wd ipb^W* \vhev^;Wi)l\%fi> 4e pre^^^^iaf injfirrcd. 

been steMampUtJM'9ni}i^iam(^ii^^i^ ThishmeWplittJiynPficto^ftflS+appencd 

J)iirjci«r» 4tu|ofortwMtt«^y**PP«ned» i|i li?2ll« Tte6r*jJ BWflw Wf^ *«» 



3 , ABERAEROK. 

Phniagenft, daughter of King Joho. 
Except in this untortonate affection for 
DeBreos, the had passed a life of pru- 
dence, lived on friendly terms with her 
husband, and was an amiable woman. 
She survived this catastrophe eight 



a neat little village near Che aea-fhoie, 
pleasingly situated at the entrance of an 
abrupt well'-wooded valley. Kear it's 
picturesque bridge there is a more com- 
fortable inn tlian might be expected is 
so retired a situation, and the only tol- 



years, and was interred^ agreeab^y^to her erablr OBt^ bcjNyeon Q^w^gan and AV 

own request, in the monastery of tW erys{w1tli. (rom thU'^lace the road. 

Dominican friars, at Uat^aet, pear 3eaur bprderinf thc^^ea-shore, becomes moit 

maris. Llewelyn erected 'a ihbnilmcnt level.imsoonintroduces the fragments 

over her, and died in the year 1240. ofaCiui/eon thebeach,theg;rcauerpar 

UifraoA afterwards married De Breos's. of which appears to.haye.iieea vraaha) 

da»ghcer.. The remains of the lady of away by the action of the. sea..' ,Th# 

i4lewelyD.i|vas. (ufered to lie 393 ycars» fort waii probably meted by~jt)>e 1Io^ 



tiM Qeory the fkh^ /* who nmy justly be 
Charged withmurdermg the living, and 
selling the dead," disposed of the mon- 
astery to one of his courtiers j wlien the 
church was converted into a bam, in 
^vhi<;hsute it still remarnft.^ The feroc- 
ity of the times ejected Joan from her 
little tenement. Her coflin of «tbne 
was pla^edjitt a small b¥ook, and for 
550 years, was occupied at i waittring- 
trdugh for the farmer's hones. Lord 
Bulkley recently rescued it froiw it's de- 
graded station and ordered; it t6 be laid 
upside down at Baron-hill, near the 
hall. The sides, ends, and bottom are 
^bout four inches thick. Frbmthe cav- 
ity within, the prirtce$i appears to have 
been about five feet •six br seven inches 
high; sixteen inches over the shouU 
deTS,'and nine inches deep in the chest. 

. On the way to Psnnmabn MAWR,tfae 
kipall village and church of Llanvair 
VicHAN is psUsed, after which that vast 
promontory, rising abruptly, like the 
rock of Gibraltar,, from the ocean, is 
|)tcsehtcd irt tremendous majesty. 
' While at Abdr, Wr. BJngley pursued 
thcbanks of the stream, in search of the 
tvatetfall, beforennentioned, distant 
tWi) tnilcs. About Vialf way \% a bridge 
bver whieh the ^6ad leads to Caer Rhun 
andf the vale of Conwy. A little be- 
yond, taking a vieW duwii the vale, he 
found a most chafnftrig laiijdscape. Fol- 
lowing stilt the cdursc oflhe stream, he 
soon reached Rhaiadr Miner, the Great 
t:iatar*ct, a fall of" about 60 fect,'it*i 
character siniple, yW^grand. '. ': 

Tf»^nnisen Mawr,^jiiil^,Aiki9 ;4' ETam. 

— Daqdygai, 4 aukut Binfley. 

~- BanstM*, {1^ mtin, liuiton; Skvine. 
ii'^lMlSitik liechsn, 2 aiie«, »«iiliaitt. 



'^rkjBhK\iii?rtVi;ii 



..V. 



' ABfiRAEROK»: (nC^^ammiro, is 



mans to^f over their ianding ^ rpRBit, 
when in (be reign of Wil|iam''|tu{ti^ 
they fitted out a fleet, and, descendios 
on the coast of Cardiganshire, conquer- 
ed or ravaged the maritime country to i 
coatiderabte>dituiice« 

Soon after pMsiDgtliis^laceT«w AIDS ! 
ABEtvsTWitH, the dreary riibfe 
of Llamiani/red stppevt, where a mon- 
astery .is conjectured to have existed; 
an<I abo'tt twb miles further IMnrMfdid. 
At the latter place there n a tolerably 
decent alehousecaliedthe Rcd-tion fau. 
Advancing about two miles, oki'agentle 
ediincncc, in a Held to tlie left of the 
road, appear several rbugh-hewn stooes, 
patched with moss. Two of these re* 
main upright, whicliVire masslS r fe par^ 
lelDpi]^ds,from 8 to 10 feet high, stand- 
ing within ayard'Ortwo'of each oth« 
fcr. They are supi>osed to'b^ either the 
remains of a druidit' temple, or the 
tomb of some departdd Warrior.' - * 
The road now descends iMo thle abrapt 
vale of Ystwith. crosslhg a>kt<nresque 
bridge, venerably mantled 'wkh ivy. 
Cominuingtherouteover the-hi|fhF ridgy 
hills which drvide the pai^le^ ^rales af 
Ystwith and Rhydol, the latftci'isMteBei 
an agreeable contrast to f he drMny codb- 
try withiii a few miles of-HAVBK»ot»> 
WEST. Here, among extensive viiead* 
ows of the richest verdure, the «hetn- 
dering'Rhvdol wamonsin fantasti<r«Dll^ 
ses. On a gentle eminence, near it^ 
banksi in the midst -6f the valley, ap- 
pears the embowered tow nbf Lt atnb ad- 
lati^Avx, a piettiresque tho' deserted 
spot S yet once a roman city^'Sttfl after- 
SwaWs. the seat 6f ati episcopekry- and 
toottasteiy ; established by St. Ptatemtti» 
Iti ther' beginning of the;siS^l-(?eAniry. 
7he churclVtsyet a Inrndsomelkfildhi^. 
Between thill t6wn and the sea^^mst is 
li'smsill ancient fortifi€«itk>ii,<!«to«lattng 
Ufa square area; surM!i^«id<^ by^'a'<ira1l 
iJrith'ii'ttiwer'rt'^etee'Of thi zOgH^i * A 



/'; 



rah^^tl Wiid'ld!li^l>acked fcjr the »iu- oiasly dissimilar, separate the aisle fironi 

p€^doiifi[PiinUmm6n,(ontii the opposite the nav^. THe choir remains in it' $ 

%oiin<)iuy of this valley ; and at it's tcr- antique itate, With stalls, for a prior and 

if^ihation in the sea-coast, thfe town of his monks, formed of oak, and rudely 

Aberystwith appears in a very pictur- carved. The aisles 6n either side are 

^<|u<^ tight on the Btihlt'oFthe s'^a, with fnrnished with the monuments of sev- 

tt^s ruined castle, on a jjctttle rise, to the eral iiiustrioMs |>ersonages.' Before the 

Ifeft.— ^Barber. ' . ^ '.'' dissolutiori, of religious houses* th^ 

After quitting Abcraeh)n,mr.Warner*s churchberonged to a priory of Benedit* 

I^dingObjectwasXiLGARRANCASTLi. tine mdnks, which was founded by 

JPl dull Unvaried countify l^d him for Hamejin Bal^dun,' li'hoi is also said to 

14 or 15 miles to thef village of B/anf. have built the castl^. The Pribry-hoUsc, 

>ofi*, where he quitted the Cardigan adjoiriin^ the nave of the chOtch, 

thfAd and turned "to th^ lefti^^ through a is converted into a commodiptis dwell* 

Bfoadvale^aCei^d by the Tyvi: The ihg. the Free-School \n the town wa| 

Ifttl^ fill^sc of C/ttfiftf wis before him, founded by Henry 8, and artiply en- 

eontithlng aii iiWinense taianiifadture of dowed with the revenues of forfeited 

tih j^latteaf, th^ property <Jf SfH Behjamih ncionasteries, &c. Abergavenny Was a 

Hammet, ' Whose house, called 'Cowf/e romiin t6wn, the Gbbanium of A.n- 



tcttiihus ; it is atpresent populous, has i 
gipodiiiarkiet pla^e, two parish chlirjche^ 
and ' '4fevei-at good ihns. ' , ' At, jrtjput 
two ittjles distance is Werk'de^y a popii; 
patdiedi-ii^house; tho' onc^ a mansion of 
considerate niaj^nificence, is noW only 
interesting as being^cohsidereJl the spot 
where' the prolific" Hcrbiert ra'c^ was- 
first intelarited in Bi'itiiinl ' A pnn- 
cif^al^ElirtjasroN fr6m AbergaVenhy is 
that ^hf^ lead* northwards to Llant- 
tHbr*V. AsaEV, a majestic riiin^sfeated 



MfeUkwn, il coiltiguous. 
' TbAbei^tMA, ISteUts, iuihitfri Wjrftdlam;- 
:"■•: .'Mkritte* ' ' r ' ' •' .:-^:'"'; 

. nnm WoMMwih^ Itifnilesf 9«riW^i Shnae;- 

"• -— Br^n,*20mUes,J. Evani. , 

.r-r: U,«k, Jl njil^l, Wotihu*. / 
* "^-^ Uaiithony Abbten tt miles, Wfndham, 
ABERGAVEHJNYh a Straggling ir- 
regular town in Monmouthshire, pleas- 

ingly i|iterspersed with trees, situated 

on. the coniaux of thc<5avenny and the »<» ^ *<^pP recess of the Black mountains, 
XJsk,'at the.fbbtdf brie of the con fed- at the very extremity of MonmoutV 
ctatfedhillssustainmg^hetbwcringcone »*MTe. The first pah of the rbut^' tiiea 
of the Sugar LdAr, ^yh^ch gently in- tbtbbjrKa roniantic pass betwi^cn; thfc 
clines to. ih^ 'river. On an eminence S^vjiftiBandSuoARiLoAFMouNTi^iNs, 
nearjthesbwthernextremityofth^town, apon the Hereford tiirnpike. I^roceed- 
fs the .niine4 Cattle, which at present Jng a1f>o"t 2 miles, the clutch oWan- 
exhibUs.Very few memorials of former «^<?»^ Berthdlty appears on ibe nght; ?«i^ 
fBtagntficence. . The gate-house is tolr not fai' front it'an antiqti^'mansrQ&^ pal^- 
eirabiy ehtire,'^and vestiges of two courts cfd the ' WUU-Ifouie^ ^a residence, ot the 
may be traced among the broken walls j Rbyett; ^'Anbtli^r a'ncient house at tW 
but of the ciudei no traces remain, al- village bf£/anttiAa»g^C^icWor?*e//, seen 
thpu^h aii ih^rcinched mound. Close tb through; groves of firs, wa^ lately a. seat 
the ruins, evidently marks iff site. The of the Arnold*,' but noi^* occupied fi a 
town was also fortified, and many por- fetmJhous6. '^l^jroiii tliis spot a footpath 
tionsb/the work remain, particularly strikes off ambnj (be mouni:^iDs^ 
Tudor's Gate, ^he; western entrahce,. through tangled fbrestssindyppfiprcci pi* 
furnished with two port<rUllisses and! ces ihipehderit over the brqiVbVig torrent 
remarkable fcr the beautifully cortj;>os- of iheHonddy ,w h it 1 1 pni e i\ m c 5 ope n s ta 
«d landscape seen thirpugh it, The' pr in- ^^^^^^l^^'^H. ^^^ romanti r rj e sr ri pti on . 
cipal part of the castle was erejt'ted'by Immediatelj^ to the Icit of tlid ruad t\^c\ 
the. Normans On the Site of a britishfe- the CfW^, a huge rocky Uiir crowned 
tress;7 theC^Wc^isalarge'gPthic witKan ancieht entampm^nt.'^/Qiithia. 
structure and appears to have been built ojiposite ' side of the riy^^ " fearfnl)^; 
ill thefbrm of a rbfnan cross, but is now hanging on a «tecp cfiflf, and beneath a 
curtailed of i^s transepts ; at the June- menacing bilj, bristled witlv innijmera- 
ture oCone ^f them; a circular arch, ilow' l>le craigs, is the rbmantic v|lla;ge of b 
filled up, wears a norman character,' (^ittjo^l'-^J. T. Bjatbdh '. . ,' , 3 

and $6em8;-|fb have been part of the o- TH6 /oad Yo B ftfeeoN li^s oh the cleat 
riginal bttilding. Three arches, curi: and l^Cly tJsk'j'in a romantic valley. 



wM^I>, jiMfei the }>pm»d3iry ^ 0^ pictmctqy - d m fifk fm : 
iihixTAin^ county of Mofirooutb^ bot uk aueou The Uiik», n^mm^ JKv$p^ ttM 
attendedwith a continuancc.of j^r^a- toot o!( the .Bitvlc^ cUmiImbiI w|M «kfl 
ble scenery. Among the vecdant, ;^c-{ e;(tcn«iyeplfnta^U>oiof Aa(f#te^l^9Kt% 
^ifipanim^nttof the serpcQtiiin^ riyer« lalutci the .bfifhol^er wkb femynred o- 
the rich, groves and smilinj^ Uwn^ ,0^ uactioot; and farther .up the vale^ sb* 
pgjW'FarktiT^ conspicuous^.twellinga- charniiaf w^^ eroioeoce o( P^^r* 
poye^ feftU^ vale,{apd ]^acked by i^ f/one is laved by it'< iinuoutcarevc Oe 
fan|;^ of wiUl moqntaips. ]$(c^iy op- the I^U/oi, ih^.feMl, about &ve «nUei 
jpo4ite, in a, field to the ri^^i pf.^he road, from.Brecon, if .^rttffee piUar,;6 f«et ia 
anc^tKe fifteenth mile iroiVi.Brccoa, if height ?^d i)e9rlyi<cyl>i>dhc^Qn'w;lu€h 
a single upright ^stohe, about 14 ieet it an ifitcript\op«, which C«pn4ei| Kiedj 
high, iui|>c(;tea . to be a druidlc monu'^ N -<— *jp9L i us V terenisf a, bim whicfe is 
lifkeAt. About two i;niles furttier occurs oqw. almost ^itepaM.* lathe parish 
CuicitBowiL^anoldmoanlybuiVitowni of Llan Haflawalohi ftandinc enr the 
but hanging on the steep decIiviOef 61 a summit of « hill «ear thechui«l| (w^bich 
iitt hiUi and dignified with the pict^rh i* to tl^ left 9f ^he roa^y.a Utt^ bi^TPo^ 
l^ueru^n of a castle, is an intere;ttui& thefoni|erp)e»Mafiei«t^i»^f^^l<C>*l'i'^f^ 
6bji6ct in the approach. The extent^ asi^C*, .^pIPIHised or foof/larBt^.te 
(bis fragment of antiaui^y, is by xko stones ; 3 of which« standing upf jifttii^ 
iheaiis coiisiderable. A narrow gothic i)f# iw a w i ym e dby a faertb, to a* loievi 
bridge here crosses the Usk m tl>e ^eai-; a sort ot hut, 8 feet long and 4"«irt^, and 
)n^ village of UangoiUx. This peif t^-j nearly 4 in heigtil/ TMm feleid of W ii e 
bourhoodU enlivened by several liandr wemVealtedHrKWtMraeii; ^ ^at 'm cy of 
Aoihe sci^ts; the most renkarliabie o{ tts0€^dntttieftrrftfil shj|$p«iiM'M^BkVe 
^icj), with, respect to, excellence of been applied te tW* tihttte pW pcf kS fj^-J. 

ftoimoh and singularity of defign.il the T. Barber. •• ' \" * j .'j 

titi^ii erected residence oi^Aamiral Ta thi NORi^^ o^, AtaifAjrijnfy, 
6eu. The road continues scehic^ And strctclies i moun^ineus district rtpn- 
fcntettaining to tiie small vi)[l?^g;^o/, Vra* taining very romantii; features. . X/aii-. 

^kyrrid 
' miles 

Thpii -Ufiiydlng routed a coil iceminerice from Abergavenny, roigbt be t^ki cen- 
^^ jOad ascends a mighty, ^Ul^caUed tre of scvcrarexcutsions. '_ . 
tlie BW*-* ; during \vhich a«:ent, i faier Oldcfuitty a \ytilc picturesque village, 
W^elt view of the. yalc of usk. aix^ it> on the 6asicrh slope 6^^ the blac^ moun- 
a^ipendBLges, ^s truly interesting -and (ains, which skirt the vale of E^'i^s on 
jrajid. But Jroijn fii^fc wide ra^iginft the right, is supposed by Gale and Stuke- 
y'^ewi, aiid external scenetiy, the u>ur- ley to have been the ancieh't Bfestium. 
Tst %^comes sliiit lip^ on, entering the but upon, grpuqds which iue incohclu- 
paSs bt ihd mouhtai^is, (a stewle lyL^l^aw) sive. It i^ .bo\V(ivcr true ' that several 
from whicl\.|ie emerge* oii a.su^ectof ^ncampnicnts near the spot, wear a ro- 
itrcmirely opposite, and very., sjkftgular man character. The placets noticed 
description. Surrftundcdby dark iuoun-. ii^ l>aving been the residence ofjir Jfphn 
^ihi, mcl'aiicholy,and wast<;^ appears" Oldcajtle.lord robham, ^c_coroDani- 
an cxten&ivL bkc called X<i«^^r'i^./W,. oh of Henry 5, afl^erwarcjs cliie| (j? the 
rtpW3Tdi of sin milL's in circumference. Lollaras, and martyr^to tneir^rel^ious 
In thei*tii^J\tnjurlniodofthelakeuorUi- Views. This castl^ Has been late- 
castwar^, aiiil (ie.iTthe headof tbe We^, ly taken^ dowi^And a farm house con- 
^thy brook, wliith emptit^s itself ^inw* sif.u,cj:cd with tlie m|»ter(aU. ,0n tbis 
rhc (xjdl, lijtt^ck Llfuv€n,,CMjiiU, ,},% ch^iil9rhi)Uaretherqinains of an an- 
tv.ra fortified by Peter Fit;iixcrberiidc- cient. .fe^lcalnpmctt/,^JprQt>aDly fohian. 
cqiclcd of Bt rn.ird de New inarclf,. I,x>rd Froiii 'this eminence'|nay . be seen the 
of firccojK Tlic road sc^n descends to recesses of the black moun'iains.apd the 
thf fliic Vati^ ol Hri'con, grandly accohl- range ofhUls which strttch frpm Aber- 
paniCi! by >. ni^niicni: ular range of moun- gavenny peyond the |rdnu'^rs w Krcck- 
taiiw* Whtirethe if'ii?/! prfiudly'^rear^it'S! nocksliire and Iterefo'r^f^lre^ Be- 
futrowed arid cloven ^ummlu^high a* ripath the junction .o\ "the HonWy ap4 
hove tiiQ. clouds. . J Advanciiig,,fUltiva- (he Mohhow,,is Atiy'r^Hys., j^^/5^ ot the 
tlon takes a more extensive sweeps and Cecil family, in sj sih^ulfM-jly^' ^icuir- 




• 1 ABSUQMmOim. ^p 
mqomilmmima ' v^iOtmwMtm^mm iattkififavr; tbrno^ a 4mpi •alMttivi 
lJanvihaii8el,iflaie:ftotillw:iItEWRifib^ andnnMdf gWn, vitibL^ P*if *Mf'4tr« 
•NW«^;i»'£aM9tf«k^i«lnmi.Chaiiet I %Ate ciktening thyougii.4h« tliM'ifi>tti> 
i»«aia4friuvi^fap«9d«jiigk«. . . / i^p. C«o»iiigtiHa4ofiirafi, 09«r$^Moii# 
9ocBwil0i.fr(>B!vOaiilfillaiiy<Hi<iie MAD ^idgav a AarrOwand v«||;ig^ pat|iliwd« 
^tahriJsb6ftinamf.t!r^.&EnutmBj it vp'tlieyailey^hroiislkhaiislnggvQ^Mtdf 
JUm^vk^ t^ tite >d£(]iprr«iieQ , {nriorf of •»!{» boecb, ash, and aidev wliiob.il^ 
Mubk-monkc^i bat no vibct&ge ^rcmaim^ tbe precifMteus «cl«» af the in««n«iii)k 
aiwiieptopea oaiy d^jpn^^tQ W Tmitcd^ U^^rdt^he church •i AheiyMJsMht, 
flto^afiatageca of«i|rfiifkfK,:btit iov tl^o ftiwuinime gailiic boiUitis, beMfeifiiUf 
.^•toaf cxaBii|iiBf.tiie £Mieof itaeeoaaw cUuatediiD Uie midst o(«ol4s^ oiva^gfl^ 
t^ioJimwfaMpm.' i. >. The^tourkt tie eaunance ov«ri»aasi«ig the fttavfi 
.«l»uMint'omitln«aEMiig(liero»dlipom Tibcjraili^«atfirstisei«Mi«lfttMrtfiar'» 
JUtrnguu 4o C wimiaiM t iwfcioh CMMaaniU atanostwitfaout mhabitBiieB,^theifoa«iiag 

• AsligbtM Jricav .«tf . tii^aDoomaint la -toiiiem.&carty -tiUing tlie wlioltt apaoa 
ainr— rtbflmpait ofcjfcaicoumiyv < liotwiecn the. laoisataini-f itjfiavwaitdt 
-vAEtaitheittBiinMafjt^'iilavrj wliieii cxpandtv and iackulc^a |4eaiAtik 4ia* 
^0a«Mr^fleaticictft^eah#a,attrUiA ^yuafiannfrhoawt^ and 4cK(lo«affat4tf 
iag tMnr of tfaeie cDouittams a ^frtMAhi-. a^m • ^aod jNMtaia. At tke 45iaiinttlaf 

ed: firtWir2«i>«ivy,ti»frigimmAt«v. df t)|is.FaU^.Mit.JCak*', araaMMd tfiK 



/if 4baa «yropnda<i<y bave aad iteavt^toiviiitiilieiiiaivinravlw of Mn<# 
toj flifiMni , . aad >o;)fia8bc Hia laii Qi^i^nd fmn% f«uid tha fiupsob 

iaafib^AoA/^fcyiMvtf. ' . lEo tl» anvtii stf auniquia, «rfiicli ^ividaa'tlitan^'flU* 



tli0 BflrnBH>«a8Nidtliiihloi%4iae«et«ia liaao^ iht Umf, iaittraad'4liMDUgh tbe 

Waifli AinfHMaiiaa^ ttaoiping to a Kipt« aaiteyuai^dMrGTeic Ebwf to i4ftiilUdMi 



»To.fhe«i;«fiiie!blai<b ^tin a geBor^l <ia«rif(iiin,^ W aiy«| 
mountainc rises a succession of. «im»* <^ibisvala wiMitdajipaaf siii&iltt^tto»dii^ 
•h(Bt»itiat<liiagibtadifireoidioefc«hfi^. af.iiha IJulefibwyt i^i|b<modeft1by 
. |lBfi|Atieae awigntaia^ ifaeejfef buicdi taogesief 4iUl4 ieaibercd wicbtiiaesHaad 
: 9«iaRtbaifimt|e fiarts oC)MQaia0Uthib4K| tiavenaiby'aiiuMintain torveot. Yet lia* 
4aidiij|eBDliwdsliire^ tackadrby <thff.diA tun&aiwayrpieseatsaxliAerent aspect, 
■ ttnHiiM<t;iii tfaetooaatsQat of . WaicesterA and ifrooi locks, iwoods, and wattn; 
(CMoaeiAeiv -wad Suaenu, *amd kiber^ >ionna eodleas combioatioas, • miMh^^ 
aciEttdd^F!4tei&itaafqr.lo£ the Severn. Ai tboiif^8intifartadesoriptiOR»amTariad 
tba^ilo*i»fjtba thmjiUipuaaB^u part of i».afpeaBaac». The sceaery ^ere it 
Cha\^lBW<4(fVI%ie. ({ .'..>.. ... vaidfer. and inoi* vomaatie^tfae plain 
£zcvasMNt«aiML'AftaaaavattNv a»a aatwnver, tbe accUviiiea steeper, tbe 
frequently made (»^JWa»ii«w» Iron toicelit moiei rapid and confinsd^ Jtho 
fVorkt, distant -bbofff tilt' ttyflM. The wtwdsmoseglooiay and: iroperviofts^ 
ntod 'itatatss th& Iht'by ^- stbft^ bridge <hti sCvBam^ pour tlii»* ihe fhttiSt ana 
along the plain^ betwcQii , the river and r9sb .dawn the. hiUs isi gneatdr abun* 
the Sl^jre^gc^ an^^ '(('rB^^irihe summit dattcaj^and there are fewer habitadosi«; 
of the mpup j^jo. '3^^ ip^iV^irc ^mplgy * Ara . haa ^abo tatroduced a atrtking dtflw 
^4Jl^4|34S^V<>r^**«'D^4r<inisxQ;iyey- en3iloe» in "the other v«ke,.tlie >patb 
ea^^.<^naX piiMm*Wj^y^h t Tb<r toi»r« c^wtidoaUy 4Mocndiag and dcfioeading* 
lit may uK^ th^,|coiid tp Ifumiv y Poal> caaakofig |iie nigged aideaof tbr Bsecdn 
leading d»wn-lhe «sdl«y..^ Ibaitfvoii aBDUotain; here the road it a railway, 
LfVf^d, -x, ,'• ' caiaried i>var an artificial terrace,, in a 

-it'Ttia ndeCatigabla.ai«( iCajiai jwbo left waving Ime, near the edge of jthe bankt • 
iMuiittrict.ia.MonmouthUMaeaiia]cplor. ctreiiitiDging. the torreat. Finding 
«dripftnetra<ed.intD sbe^Kc#wv <g^ tlu ttanbing interetting at Uknkiidd^ be 
MbaMf nnd. Sorwjf; wbtoh> abound wttli hastened to Pont y Pool. 
<Ue tnott rpmanricaoepdry. The road .7dia\AHOTHEa ExcuasioiTy Ms. Coxa 
ftoatVj^OMT Y Pool fpastet along tha eidued the canal, and ascendxm: by the 
tidoof thecanal to BntNew^njfddrWd jiidea^ arteirent, reached a tiaaii lake 
attoeadiag to diemcntsya ti^<^ leads to wtncjiil^^miklthe iritetvoir of the c^al, 
CuATUary, 1st ithiv^detecotii present* andat^eich^a along the foot of the hill 
ed'.a 'district .well' peopled^ hchiy callad tbrnJifynyddAf^ttu Between the 
rndded^aad higMy imltiiKated } theno- .M^nydd«4araandihe£«t<;njF Krik, is 
laetoat Tidliet abcmnd *with. ddiglstiiBl a 4\aMK^ ioid «omaotic defile, through 
409aery» .and at ft distam^a butstt. th^ wliif hOMi paMeil^tlie reservoir of tlM: 



U .ABtt6£UY». It ! 

Crnialuiliraaehofthe canal, andthence panned tiM aoMe at the lBfll'Ǥ.lto 

«iesceiiiled to Crum/m Bridge, where he MynyddMaeBtoFMUvBofrf. ...;w.: 
left liii guide, and rode along the valley Two high roada lead fromAbcxgasEoan, 
ti>thejunctiQnolthetwo^bwy8.>"The ny to MonaiouTiif one hfCoMtvvk : 
tceneiy at the junction," tays be,^Ms Homig,ibKm%h'Brpi$i9ifUftMg0tfwVaA 
most deiif htful ; on one tide the Great Dfitmkmr; and the other, sborier inKt 
BbWy ruahet through the vale which I more hilly, through iJcKatfl^, Um^dtUm 
tiavened in my last excursion;' on the Oe«r«jMy, -and ' Rod^M L ln m im h 
other the Little Ebwy, foaming through Oewengy, midway between A b tq^ TO i w 
a boUow«and narrow glen, emerges ny and Monmouth* is the 3ea^o£'iiKi'k* 
ifom a thick wood ; these two branches ard LmUf €aqi^: standing in a iintiJc# 
dadi round the southern extvemity of enclosed; and richly wooded coontxy* 
the Brecon mountain, anc^ unite at it's commanding exieosive viewa ot'the 
fooL Two stone bridges are. thrown distant hills and mountams.- Itwaathe 
over the LittleEbwy, within a few paD- s^at of a younger bsancb of the^PowflUa. 
'es. of each other; one supports the rail- On the cztinction of tbp male Ita^oK 
road \ iibe other was the common pass cameby marriage intotbefunily ofi4nr> 
before if^i construction. I crossed the ia. Among theportraiu here ii mfan ed 
4atter» near which stands a stone cottage is that of the eccemric Jamts HowtUtW^ 
wkh a giio«p of trees overhanging it'a thor of the ** Fasuliar Letters." 
foo^ and walked through a grove of a^ In a field adjoiniag UandeilD^wnae^it 
decs to another bridge over the Greats the sim a£.<Hti Qmrtt once the »aU 
Sbwy, whence a inuh leads up the deace of the celebrated Snri>aBsdGmn* 
woodv side of the. mountain which Tothesduth of thebifbiroadaie the 
bou&da the valley. I remained for a se<|uestered ruipu of tbcjihbt0.iifC9mt9 
conaidcfable time leaning on the. para^ Difa,lottiided in 1889, by JohnioiliaB* 
pet of the bridge, absorbed in contem* mouth. .•> ->.... 

platiofkof thepicturesqueobjectsaiOnnd Wheiethetoad strikes off to Uss^^ia 
me t objects which recalled to my rec* a neat mansioii bekiDging to Mr. Jaoea^. 
<itlection the milder castxsf mountain called ChfiiUu On the oppoaite sidey 
acener^, which I formerly so much ad' upon an eminence, is a baildiof^itiras 
msiedm the Alps of Swiuerland, and castellated form^serected as a mononeBt 
drew a tear of sympathy and regret for of domestic afcctiontoawomaao^iiiU 
the fate of that once happy aaddelightful common excellence, the heiress of the 
country.' * I^turning to CrumHn Bfid^; house'pf Tredegar, who, with her hand, 
mr. Coxe continued along the side of bestowed on the present proprietor. a 
the canal, much pleased with the views very splendid fortune.-^J. £vana^ 
oathis route. Large quantities of coal Ta Bicooo, Sfi aiileit Barber, 
are brought down a rail-road tOrNew* — Moqwwith, ifi} miles, Coxe, , 
bridgefrom the mines of Jkfyn^dd Yd^ -Kjr|l»odCasik.9»iiles, J.Ewansi Wind-, 
icyii, to be conveyed by the canal to rrSJL-a A^iu^w^r^r 

Newport, and betwee,v^«.*nrf^j«d Z Jj^^t ^/liS^^J^ S^^Tkrine. ' 

J&«a, the numerous buildingsandtnan- - LUindutas, 3 iiiil?f , Feimsnt. ' * 

ufaqturesscatteredaloog.thesidesofithe «^v^,^^^.^^^,^i>,^s^^^^^,>%^s^;#sX»>r' - 
c?nal,TCndcrthe valley asceneof bustle FromSt.AMph,9inilcs,ain{ley; Skritae.^ 

arid activity. At i^tica, a viUage.situatcd LUndidiio, 15 miles, Alkiiu 

at tlte extremity of the vale, under the -^^ lUiyddlsn, 5 milei, wamer* 

the craggy side of Ttt-yn Bor/iom, mr. — Conwy, ll milet, Wyndham. '.' . 

. Coxe dismissed bis guide, and took the ABERGELEYiaa^tiUageofQeabigh- 
road to Newport. The next day he ea» shire, of considerable resort on account 
plbred the Vatley of the Sortey, whic^i of it*s large cattle-fairs. It isakq fre* 
was not inferior to the vaUies of thd quented in the bathing season, but Aot 
Ebwy in wild and romantic scenery, so much as Park-gate, by people of fash*. 
During this excursion he visited iW- ion. ItissitnatedupontbeedgeofiifiAMii. 
i6i^ and BydvUy^ two seau belonging dlan Marshy and consisu of one street. 

vtb'the asdrat Imntly of Morgan, now Havuig passed this village, on the 
oadvcstcd > imo' l^rm iiouses. He . re^ road to Llam miilas, the sea is beheld 
turned ahmgthe^ level summit bfthe oa the right, and a range of low.sodu 
mountain $ .and after crossing the valley on the left, from the foot -.qf whicH . 
of the ioTwyv passed through 0«sf pen meadows and arable fields extend near*. 
Main to C^mlin Brid^t^ whence he ly to the water. A huge calcanona. 



/ 



13 -jArB^RhrSTWim u 

r6<:1ks^'A& teminaion of 4 maeica^lod It imtJpns cast iron good* fiwn Coajl- 
C^^-dj^yparticotarly struck the at- ^nrook dale, ihJppcd at Bristol; lime; 
tetitaOtot>fMr;Wariier^inw|iich;heob- groceries, ' and poster, from Bristol; 
^rVed i^oafjy natural caverns, J»etietifat- grain from Liverpool and Ireland'; and 
Ing the'ftidb of the mountain.. To biie toals from, the southern counties' of 
called O^o, he ascended; ifi mouth Wales. A considerable fishery it also 
resembled the arched entrance .of a carried on here. Cod, mackerel, Hd"- 
g^othic cathedral, divided Withih' into rings, (kc. are sent as far as Stirewsbtlji^. 
rv/o a|>artinents. Upon otie of the The 'Caif/«, seated on a craggy em- 

high Iime-st6ne cliffs, is a mount called inence, projotting into the sea, west- 
Cuppa yr Wylfa, an .ancient british post, ward of the town, was founded by Oil- 
Ta Liflmiuu<.3 miles. Bifwiev ^*^^ ^^ Strongbow, SOU of Richard de 

l^A^.fim^A^'^Nyv^m. Clare, in the rei||fn of Hen,y;the first; 
*— file Pawafe-boiise, 10 iiiiics, aiid Cob- but soon after it'serection it fell mto the 
wa^, 1 mite; Warner. hands of the t^elsh princes, and was 

EiMi^lir.PefuunekJottnieytbiSnow'docr. . destroyed in their intestine quarrels. 
,^s^^>.*-^^^>.^^-r%rf^-^^,*-^>v^r^>>s> PowcU savs, that the present castle was 
From Macho7t)iteHi,9p miles, Aikiti. built by Edward; anno 1217. Itappeitfg 

-^— Aberaeroa,^ miles. Barber ; Sfcrine. jq jjave bcten a strong place, as a garti- 
-u*. Pont y lionach, 12 miles, Malkiii; son of King Charles kept it in poisessidn 
^^*2S[^*.«.fl*. 5« F«i,« ^ift mji«: r.at«L ft» some time after his death. An a- 
r::?^^S«iS^^^;™err^. 'T ireeaWepubUc walk is ^^^^^^ 
— Aberae^n, (through i/^«rAyi/M>' 18 the rum; near Which mr.ITwrfafo fVjc» 
ini|e$.W7iidIuim. has erected a singular building for Hm 

,i-i- Ltanbadero lawr, if* mildi;> Wynd- summer residence. It is in the gojchic 
' hmnt 8d. tfltti:. ' style, and castellated form, consisting -of 

ABERYSTWiTrf, in Cardifeahshire, three octagon towers, with a balcony to- 
\%. -sltiidted at die conflux of th^ ' il^ers )vards the sea. The elevated situation 
"^stwith andKhydol; yet, like Lla^- of the castle commands a magnificeot 
gollen, it less agreeable on exatiiinatioh view of the whole extent of that line of 
than a |>re|>ossession im^ssefi by it's welsh co^t which is included in Car- 
beauty, as- a distant object, may have digan-bay. This vast curve is formed 
led thetraveller to expect. The Greets by the projecting counties of Caernarvon 
are tiiliTow and ill paved, and the 'dark to the:nnrth^ and Pembroke io tlie«ptith« 
cblottred stone of the buildings gives * the coasts of Merioneth and Carcfi- 
the bouses a dirty appearahce. ^t gan fill up the centre. Abcrystwith, is 
was formerly a fortified t>l3ce, and abQui the middle of the bay, whence 
stilltetains many ruins of a strong Wall, may be seen to the N.a long irregular 
and a htge Castle or citadel boldly " be- line of distance, formed at first by the 
cupying ^ j;>roitection of slate rock, oft thfe ^rojtcting coast of Merioneth, and then 
tide of the sea.; It holds a considi?rtib|e continued out to sea by the long moun« 
Tank amoujg ^e towns of th« prlnxjipal- tainous prombrttory. of Caernarvon, ter- 
it^, as ia fashionable place of resort in minated b)r the isle oflBardsey. There 
th^ biathing season, being' niuch fr^- is no situation'south of Caernarvonshire, 
i)uent^c!| by the Cardigan, Montgomery, from ^hich the welsh alps may be seeit 
and Shropshire gentry. Lodgingsi-dach so advantageously as Abeirysiwith cas- 
a price as high' as at Weymouth. At tic, or »ome of the surroundinj^ cliiii. 
the Tdtbot'Innnisiy be found a boarding The lofty hills which confine the' es- 
taW, ^d strangers cannot- fail bein^ tuary of the' Oovey, and r^ifse'iheit 
satisfiedwiththe good accommodations, broad backs fair above ttie Cardigan 
Tieasonaibie charges, urbanity, and atten- rocks, are surmounted by Cader tdns 
tion'of Jacob Jones. , The //arAoifr and it's subjCict'^ltfrs; these arc ovej- 
i8 deep enou^ at high water to receive topped by the giant mountains of Caer- 
tlie; larger kind of welsh coasting ves- narvohshire ; 'among Which, in 'cle^r 
sels, but a bar of shifting sand ait it's weather, the sharp peak* of ShdwdOn 
mouth is a -great annoyance. The town itself may be discerned pre^mhient ^- 
ekportsleadafidcalamine,procuredfrom bove the surrounding Crags! To the 
the mines near Pltniimmon, oak-bark^ southofAberystwith, the coast of PgAJ- 
and some mannfacturbd good^, such as broke, b^ng less curved ai>d not sololty 
webi^fianne4s,andstockin^s; wliichqrc as the northern limit of the ba^; ih^ 
s6ni" chiefly to Bristol and Liverpool; line of boundary appears more uniform* 



)iy9umerpotv«sscU4ffve|7directuiii» jbiy ^^fenor elms s ttiro«||)]|.aqBl^m»«« 

: ftrnnmiU]^ Abiryitwith, Ab^dowy, ii\j a 4eli|;htful cs^cadet to ^ id* 

Cardigan, or QOierppr^ p the bay; ^ii^Menid ipQt U a grUt ip\)l, }l\piMxei' 
, iom^ (urtlier oui to w?^ f lowly urging .tp wiiipb ft upon abndge forxn^^ pif il^e 

on. t9 l^ach Livefpool* or ^ristol,. or trunl^. pf a tree, ApF<)^^'^ M^ P«t 

fomeottUeiriihbavehfti while others, of tl>p valley were the Mooafh Oovt | 
.' almost itationary, bu»)ly ^tnployed in into the Khydol, near th^ coniiujx of 
. .y^hUi^, ^orda vccy.amy»>ingand pleai- >Mhich if t\xe iufdy.acjmiraj ii^ieoery •f 

.Uig'n^ctacle. Northward* of the ca»- PoDtyMpnach. ! 

* Jl6 i» 2^ Ipvel bcachi a few hundred yards On the road to Tkec Aiflrti. A^k/mt^ t , 

injenijtty to which succo^di a l^i^g family mansion beloBgtngtbttji^^em^li, 
; iang;e o)t high slate iock^,w.orn into cay- <ir?t oti^urs at\ the left. The jpta'^cm is 
■ ^i^^ft and receises» h|y.^ dashing of nje very agrceible.b^i pg ^.cloipd W jnod* 
' yr^ye^^ and a0ordin|r ;i wi^wQ ^b()de for da^t^ .b^^ jsind gpep V)^|^ . VH^ffa* 
; h^>v)ts, livens, and ^ari^us spj^cies f f XKcAliS^iS£iil«c(^MM^Ml4^ii^mr 
. i^iiUs an^ o^het fca-biw^ At the b»t ly han^ff^e, i^<iDfi^^W4>4)KVM9»ef 

pi tt^ese clefts |B«t^nd#,.a. xe^( of low thia.hi»v<<il« V pn toaii» ifJ an r far the 

i^pcks, the crevices ^nd p9oU ^i vhioh huroiigl^ oCCardicaa, U a| vnji ancient 
^ j»r^ adorned with ^ui^erou^ beautiful place, yet has infinite attrmiM* for 
*«|fAtUnes and fnoi, an4 enlivened by ibelo^dwof tkefuraiand pivmraque. 
,4ifi^reiit kipda o/sheU-^ishand macine Th^scenei^{tYartt)vyainddblfjghcfica,and 
. A^iin^ ; a^ high tidelt^ey arc covered, the ipot might be rendered a naraaise. 
!A iong stone bridge crosses the Ryd- At ^evilUg« of i^^/iq^an and '•(%»»«»- 
, dol, nparA^ory *tw ith, on th? other side w»* composed of a few scf^ttere^jt^K^sest 
. <U i^hich rises a hill. Upon it*s Muvnr W'^p4J»^»po^W%\^9ffi4^'^9Vi^^^iWO^ 
^xnltiSL a large intr^^chment. of4t9n0s,a^barren9C|sh.(hi^aa9fn^ l» 

Among tl\e joore common plants, J. whi^h is long and Utijp^i^. jiStt a 

l^yansfoundin this neighbourhood, scil- the ^south .westerfi cxw^m^ ^ -that 
.'b ;verna, triglochin maritin^um, statice jidg^^ which tcnninatcf nffii^ j^^WV 

^rnneria^ plantago maritima, p. corono- ^evfydii on the 9^. a. Jfap d^c^i^4uig, 
jp.^s^cuc:^balusc(tites,chelidoniumgXail- the^iyl)pn th^ s. i, t^e licit u)diiqt|ioo 

ciunv cochlearia oMc»nalis» antliyUis of t^y tiling aj^reeabH is (,he vil^M^aad 
' vuln^^ria, convolvulus soldanella* ely- ncighhoutliood oil YM^od Mkki, Tijoift^ 
', mus arenarius, nymphsEa alba, euphof- i^ her^, on the side of. thfi d^livity, « 

l^ia peplis, pulmonaria maritima. M^pody, shelii^r w^ich drives a 4oib^ 

.. rTlpi^e turnpike road to Pont y Hov ci}9fr,nx from cootc^st, ;^n4i gives 9|pi«- 
.ivcn,whichlies chiefty qver uncultivated tm-e^qu^ eifect tq ^iao^ ^i^nd ^a^fcaof 
jhiUs on the south western aide of tbJe f^ff^. .This retjf^t ampog i^e n^wir 
.vale .of Rhydol, at t^e distance of 1^ ^ufisontaips besides a n;ipvl4?rf^ <2aa. 

iniles from Abefystwiih, contains spme ile,,2^ school ^ndow.^ )^ |hc :late..£4- 
' striking sc<inery. The vale of the Rhy- j/sai^^ Kkhari, a self-taught rscl)p^', nj^ 

dol gradually /contracts \nto a deep tivip ^od( ^i»i place and mas^r ^ ihf 
'glen, the rocky banks .pf ,^hich afe ^CAOyblniany years. Th^di^fC^t, <ip|tti%- 
'clothed with plantations, ^nd at the bot- ncs'.io the plain, thrpi^i^ "W^a^ th^ 

tom rqns a rapid current. Mr^ Evans Mirk pi^s^si. The river ts tp.^ cti»8^»e4 
^entCTCd the Vaie.qfMhydal at the village bef^rie yo^ reach p€nlreJ^lf§dM!i^^iUf ^ 
'of |.f.AN^ADERN Vaw'r, ,supposcd to Jiamlet cwi tl\e banks of thi^ Tfii(]|, but if 

be the Mauritapea, w)^erc St. Paternus whi(,l> there \n the.accQja!un9d9]|^oa.^a 
'fptundcda monastery^ a:pd an episcopal, bed. S^ro/a /^ru2q, wiUiit'i^ ^ii^ju^ AV 
'sec, in the 6th century. The. vale here hey,, stand upon exceiWt . in^4»w 

becomes inclosed w itn lofty, mountaiqs, landaod xiear a fresh and ra^ stseam* 
] a^orn^d with verdure, and interspersed, T)u8 religious house (of grfa^ isepipte ip 
Vitb hate cliffs and. frowning crag9.. monastic annals) wan founded b}; R^ep 

At thf.f(^et.of these the river struggl<^ ap Orifiithi in the yeiar U^. . l^ffi^if 
'through the huge, fjragmcnts of ioq^ rems^ning a very fine, aastoi^ i|rcU of 

Wiuch obstruct it> course, in angi:y and freestone: but not a^ tomb^or sf, Vf^uan 
.tumuitiioufi roar. At Punt ^ Jfire^, of ment. J^he present was built ^50i?i$b#. 

Metincwm Rhifdo£f is a striking scene* ruiitsof the an^ ien^ chufol^ ihMl4»c«« 

9n one side of the rivet, dar,k rocks rise pies a yciy small portip^ 9f . jt> aicai. 



»th^rliVeX^1^t^.^^.ii3wiyntoWftl^7^ ^aDH>nj^nC^g^, Ja^jj^, ,^. d;p4^ 
t>cc;iu9« Q^:,U >(^path; MmJ^^y «?C^che<U,^y^a)m 
« the brt|^^t prtlji^m ; it's cirqUi^fcr^ jtHirr7#^l1^l^iJAhoili^r.W»o|gr 
siic^ >rol«>Jy a inUe m^ 2l half. t;9 if^scepJ^ V» JSf^^UfTf,^ ^w. JEjH^!f;i||| 
-eturh frdintbe )a(es to ^he fjjVjr, ^^^ comid^r^bl€|^bttUtfiiwjK^iUn|^^ 
Follow^ It 'tHrough,t^e yale^ H Si^ip^s^ mometitairily as you approach the;,^\g^ 
reacili, wilxoHt s\i|Rcienlly cwespp^^- Qf;,TAyy/». iJ?b/?:)Wf^ »¥<?«! iSeWra*- 
ingimerij^. The ^uidj will idpfiiJi^^ Md^i j^^^*^ vffiv«^,;ftf,4^^ ^^W^MT 
f<m act9ts*thie^U$toT.M94U^ftN.,j^ ipj^ocUf»awn^j^teTA«y,.3 ..,,.\xi\V. 
chain of Iwbiji i^hp, wUbOui ^>H«Jf 0ii tjic, «f^'x/jvl^AiWVNf-Mir4iS5. 
bTcalc, frpwl^pfcJey^Tta Bishqp^ Jias- ^f^Tfi^pp^wqm^tf^ ^n^ ^f/^iffigsKm 
tie in $Jl\r<g^i>irfij: a/ap^ce of ^ajbo^ftp ^•(^«<f;,withp»t^ j^Mf^r ^i!>iMt44¥s 
mites. lvmighl>"e traversed ojij^fli^jj^ ^^^> 9m M^&.V>^^ .\^^\i^if^^ 
back witbpu^lhe, interruption c^ j^.^^r Jj^^r^qcti^vg |t^wg:M: ^»opg 1^%-Jif^mr 
5leiatebtfepee,^i;.\ioutanyp^,ilpd ^\x^,,. ^e|af^t^,..|j(a^lHt«l»/\i(jr,^ 
prpbablY w^thpi^t*^ei^a hnman q^^^ wn.V'epgl!J^?fh'r?tW^^^^ i»f 




point; ir' 



^^ '•4yaTteryar<il^,at<%ife. JfM^ W# F*^ 






Bwa* the i^ijij^ mina; abruptly. ih^Vrqm %"^. ^ W W9«iT- -;liw»ttgrte«l^ltel 

thecoi?ntify..P<>>*e ieft, and i(9^p',4 i^^¥;wq9\y tWJ?tmi^^ ^i<y9mm 

v^ry fin^ ^ea Yiev^r. Aho^t.jS^r,f3fg^ ^(Ve^ttuca-ajjjc^j^syfcaiiiipfliHltW^ 

the ctwmiy is |>Xe»Mh|f. ;.%W SBf <i>uctedKinjl)e(i|^f,^wowat«ifattiiiB«ir 

ti9 as ho»p^Uvw of Iftttev ^ipef , p^a^g sWJ««lwrnac;f^,W*^^l»W*?» oM*W lH«|k 

:aJ^?^ye\](fr*,ohconditiemQfj>ayiiy||oY ^ck>iM^4^ % mw^ f;hajoQ,Crii* 

theif accpmptiodatipn. K^ar M^lh^^ )fi^ovfB^ii3Xif^,^.\c§u^ 

on Xhie ^ight hand oXthe jrpad, ar/q .|ijif /d Ventcc^ bij^.ft9m4^fl^fing tb$| |)ftV)f!!ft 

dniidic inonunienis. JJa^rh^/fsHd ^^^4f yh i^^ vi^^H 9,\ P^oh ^ ^Ih^rffi^ 

on thf; bai^iof t^xe, Uule nvcr. W«^^, J^l^we4^Mftrft>fli(x.Wdpi€tur««qwillwl< 

near were It fans into ^hf sea, Jiiw*? ^<? Waq|ayn|tf?iftf.. : v . m Jt 

are sog^ iotereftujij ^^^ «^ moniiltic 

inst)t\itton.at'this village. ' Uai^^^ 

/riedh^*>n_anci(^nt church.: T^fiy* 

er Perr lis C^s'intP the $ea jpear X^lj^^i^ow 

T^ie v^ljajge ojF Morva stands ^^rJ^jjwt^ 

er little ?>tp,9.k '; Xi^^, Church js.n^ar^ tbf 

sea-side. ' Bey ou4 this place, i^ si vc^if 

steep ti4l;,'W^l>.teroad wiff^infi to t^s 

right, tufninj^-ttpQu the cljfTamileading 

uneippcto^^ to ^e pAea8ip^)ini iaterr 

esting villfl^ of Ufln Dewi A^arik, 

Abirajcrron, anpthei: plqasins.yiUag^ 

about ti^p jDpiles fiii-tHer, A prid^^ 9^ 

ver the Arroio is highly picture^uf^ 







rMM If^fyMntn), Pintles, Bin^. ' ' " ^ ^ 
9f!«* 'tea«nui% t8aiHci> Warner. ' 



AA|IrW6il, (jWtft^elBlBe) is » iMilt^ 



.'i 



Afterwhipl^youinountahia Ou^iiit ^rtpwn 4>({rvAtigl«sqK4 on '^he >cMUitf^ 
coast, be^eenAberaeronandLlaiiiai;|}r4^ ^iMftfly «Mpp«i|[A0^ ttecoppcr^lll^^ 
t^ the Iragmems of a small easily, w^ipfk^tlt^ra««nii4«ag disiritil^a^ 
Jjanfhvwospgo lies out of the road 1^^K^ boim^fi A|p»t te gr^ar^TlJd, Aiia«f«h' 
the shone. Up the hill of %<umI /^iKawir^ contau^d <i«i «iwe tha^n half a 4i^ 
(frfevy* were the Bidderis crossed, thifpf^ ^ h<^v««i i|i iHe whole pariiti, ktlMidiv 
is a very fine view of Cardigan bay. A iacl«4e| 9MNlatwtkof 4 er 50a<> ki- 
tedious journey over a roekv trac|{, dii^ habi^^P^H^ -** iiim. ao^lMmed with tw 
poses the traveller to be prcase4 with fMce,'^4mMr^AikiD, ''th^ uKaniiers 
the sheUercd ^tuation pf the NmnJtm^ of wh9«r inMatant^ are to nMj«cep- 
at riie bottom of the hiU. PxbU^ is i« ti^Bibk (s« llf atiewtas » stranger ia- 



1^ ,, AMtwWr' 

iftuWia to J«dg#6t4lSiii)'at'Aihlwch. jeS; aiie* worktban picki wi& aolron io- 
Hbt'a iin^c iftrtanicii^iifel known df itrument, a place for a fobtiiigy whence 
tfhiifkienness, hot piih' ^artil have 1 he ditr out the ore, and tumbles h -j 
<«(^itnc«sed during '^wtf^^ety cirowdcd the bottom, where ft rciti witli a ihun- 
itiltket^s^s, and* 6'ne*of them a day of dferin-g crash; After working the place 
trii4isttal Ihdul^ridti* * and n>elieve no into* a cavern he reipovei to a oew su- 
Jhil,t>f1mdeiv?H,' driifbtise 6f Confine- tion. In the Pafys mountain are 

lAeA't etiiaih ihb toWn of neighbour- tWo mines : of these, that upon the cai- 
Ifhdd,'^ ' "•* •;')' ' . * • ' tern side is called the Afoua Mine, the 

-'^•Thfe 'fellotritig^ ii'cfi^tract'ed from mr. ctitite property of the earl of Uxbiidge. 
TBMgW/V aceount of hii visit to the The P^t Mine isthfe'jbini. jproperty of 
Anglesea Cai/per Miiief: ''^** Having 'ai*- the e^lof Uxbridge and the rev.Edwanl 
•eCMttd \6\fie h>p of the c«lebrattedPaw Hughes of Kinmael, near St. Asaph. 
^WiuiUmht I stOdd Upon the vetge ora "It is generally believed that the Ro- 
Vltt^slnd't^emendoUs chasii, I'stepped mans obt^infcd copper ore from thii 
Ujxfe'one of the stif^fes- Suspended over mountain, for vestiges are yet left of 
tftl*'<f(Sge «f the iteepjl i^^id the prospeit what was Uken for their operations } 
tl^s weadftil TI^^'MimlJfet bf Caveifns, and some very ancient stone uteosils 
"i«<filrtreiAfhtt^8'aU^i^tHc Sides- the bave, at different times, bfecn found, 
t^oben ahd Srfe^lit'waitek of tbck. From ^e time of, the Roman* to the 
JtAfldi tvery whidrtt ^sS>|ed them- year 1T6I, these mines. sceiA to hare 
^\y€k\ the muHltutlei'ibfinen'at work been entirely neglected. The bed of 
ix^^ff^r^A: partsr, 'aJhfd^^^ntl^ in the t>re it In some places more than 60 feet 
hlfMti^rilouis '^ifhafioni'' the'motlonk in' thickness; and the proprietors are 
^\ht windlas^^/lihd the"faiimjg an^ vai<S ^o'ship annually 20,000 tons. The 
ItfUrerilig brth«|.bucVeW, 'to' draw' out number of hands employed is upwards 
Ih^iSi^'artd therti^bish* "the noise of of lOGO. The ^vorkmen seemed 

-pi^kltf^ tjhe ore frofn we toick/and of much hi'orc healthy than it would be 
hdtrtmeririgHYe'Waddin^Vwhen ityTas nattrril to expect. Their average wagct 
tfbbtKto'be bhist^'j' With, atlnterv'aisi are about Is. 6d. a day. The niines have 
itoe'rAar ttf the Wifjtirlh jjlstant parts of increased the value of lands in the par- 
•eh«Jjii(h^^^ltogethef^fektiterf 'the' most irtt of Amlwch from about 1400 to 
ttb[Mttie ideasi intefrfiiJ^eji'WitH sehsa^ 3000 pounds per annum, and* upwards; 
tibn#^t>ftem)r.'- Leaving this situation, the number of houses. fTt>m 200 to up. 
Ji*d'to!lowiBg'th^' r6ad^V^hi^h ledd^ int9 wards of 1 000 ; and the population from 
the mine, my astonishittetit was agath 900 'tb about 5000. 
excited, the moment I entered^ Jhe - *Mf J Aikin describes this itnmense 
•hogged aVehes^t^pverhanijinif ticks, undertaking as follows.; "The sub- 
which seemed to, thf0^'fep' ^anihilation stslnce of the mountain beihg ore, the 
to any on^ daring enouglr^o ^ippiQach work is carried on in a very different 
th^pii .when 8upperad()^-Xa^tbd .sul- maniterfrom the custom of other mines, 
'pnureous smell arising from the kilns Here art comparatively few shafts or 
m j^jhich- thc.qrc'is jraastedi' made it Icvek, the greater part being quarried 
seem to me like {h^e yesti^Hlf; to Xartaj:- out V6 iis to lei ve a vast excavation open 
us, described by Virgil. To look up to the day. The view down this steep 
from this sjltuation,aiid oJt>ffe|)V« thQ-peo- and extensive libllow is singularly strik- 
pleup^oathe stages, }50feeubDve-ene's ing. The sides are chiefly of a deep yel- 
head; to.&ee the immeosemomber of low ot^dusky slate colour, streaked, how- 
ropes and buckets, most of them in evet, here and there,by fine veins of blue i 
m^taimi 4nd tfaoicftect^Hisk a^ single et^'g^en, shooting across tlie cavern, 
sti9m»)CMually thrown? rfrom ftb<)ve,'b? rfrlngJed yvith seams of greyish yellow. 
falUogfromab^ieJtet^in^ygheiii a ihomen? The bottom of the pit is by no roeans 
de^roya tcilowcfeanufe; amanitiusf regular, but exhibits large and deep 
l^skji^k strong minidBoi to^a f^el imprei- bcVrrows in various parts, where a richa 
*Qd;with many iinpleafem 'sensations.* vehilias been followed In preference to 
Ihe-sides of this'diieadfut'holld^ are thfe- rfest. Every corner of this vasr 
mostly perpendicu4af. A;)0n| tli'eedg'-; excavation resounds with the noise, of 
^s pre the stages* with th* whimsies by*' pickaxes and haminers, the sides are 
which^l*Fe btlK^kets ilre Idweredj aii4 iWcid with workmen drawing up the 
froin» -which the men. detctind' to 'their ore from below ; and at short imervaU 
st3tH.<;^«.upo« the lntUs^>H^si:fepiett\tJitf' heard, from di^erent quart(:rs, the 



MThicbL .if^ ;rpci J» >totted, - Yevethma ft«4efe»bte 6xieiiti>«DtO(^ftiosecittenuj«« 

pitjq:4 in ,gemm eclipei ftdiarevery slitei p«||{sa«tvt)mft {ilatea^imdiutiMr damagdo 

^/;tec ^QB^i»<$i^t;^ii|^ifreaii diemiwf «Ql»<«eMeb' prQaafiod. frooxcoidbrook* 

it if.i jatro^^n , jmm^. tOI»ldb pia^t bf tte dale$ . whoa the fjniftfatinc acid eneort 

ki^niin$^.(tjl^ils M\A^ -iVKfefly <done ihf mfQ Mnibinatioi^ with the iton, lettiof^ 

women iuid children), amipUed intO' il i»lk thO'fiOpper in theforra^fa red seiM 

l^lA«.4QKWUi<hJi^atta/DhQd,^hy.Att08, irnmK^^Vf iUgMf^^^Hed, Thecis** 

a long, sulphur chamber. ^It is now terns are cleared once ia-a quarter of ji 

povei^:fiip«e<T AJittl^'ftrei* s^pltdd in year, when the sulphate of riron in sohi- 

d ifferent places ; and thd' ■• whbl^' mass tibAnv^ let* off into the shidlow ' pool, and 

becomet'«iad«attfkStt!di<^. The' sul- Me^vc^perii taken to dkihi, well dried; 

phur iiiblimet t!b ihe tdp df Jhe Ttiln, and is thteti ready for eiqjOrtation. *rhe 

-%vhenceth& flues c6ji^6yxii6 ihe cEam- sulpate of itbn remiWin'^ Tn the pool, 

ber appointed for it*sreceptipn. This p^nfy decompose by spontaneous ^ 

smouldrin^ heat is k^epit, Up ,£or ^ monttis, yaporation, and lets i^ll z, yellpw. ochre, 

during i^rhichi the sulphur-ch^beif.if wnich is dHed aittd ;sQtit to Liverpool 

cleared f6Ur times.'^ ,A^j thjB eypir4^ij9f9t ^^d London, rcli^^iilphiit prod^c04 

of this period: thp-.9'!fi' is suffieien^§ in the roast\ng, after being ifnelt^d and 

roasted; Tnej^porestof this, tbftjis^ i'efined,iiciastiijtpjo'Uiandiargecon(5.'^^^ 

siich as cforitaiAstrom^t J to 2 per ci^x^, at^d-^settt t6 Xbndoq.' Th,e 'cones ing 

ofmetal, ii theii'conveijrfui to the iv^]i: tite^'chiefly forthe ihatailifadtoTy of gun^ 

iii|f hoiises at AmlWch-pqrt j the rfcst ^ pb;Arder and sulphm'ic aciiJ iGteen yjt* 

senttpthecotnpany^sfurnacefofSwai^T ^^<f^» su^^ alum ate' made by a separ^t^ 

sea, and* StanJ^y, nearXiverpool. ,.^^q cbmpariyi but tb tliese.wbfks stranger* 

j^^ater part of the kilns, >re. Very IpiJgf ^ire hot admitted; The nUitibiir of mei^ 

about 6 feet high,'and thye'sulphur-chjainaf employed by the two companies is 1200 ' 

bers are' of the same iVngth and iiejght, mitiers; ' and about 90 smelters. Th4 

connected by three iiu^ps^and oh the same d^th of th^ mine^ lA tl^e lowest part, H 

level with the kilns: some npw one^i 5^, fathoms; and t^^ ore continues as 

however, haVe beeiiWilt at Amlvy:ch?y plentiful is ever, ahd pf'a ijuality ra- 

pott, by which much sulphur is jprer iber superior to that which lay nearer 

servedwhich would have beeadissipatt the surface. * \ 

ed in the old kilns. ^ The i^ew ones ar? Not far f^m ' Parys Mountain is th^ 

made like lime-kilns)iWi^bacontriyance Port whence the ore brought from the 

to take out at the bottom the roastqd mines is trans^rted to' Liverpool ian4 

ore, and thus keep. up i» perpetual fir^; Swansea. It is a chasm between twQ 

from the neck of me kVlnbranchesoffa rocks, large enough to receive SOves- 

single fliie, which conveys the sulphur sels^ each of 2S0O tons. The two com- 

into a receiving chamber,, built v\poii fames employ 15 brigs, from 100 to 15^ 

the rdcfc, so as to be on a level with tfce tons bufdeh, besides sloops and othesr 

neck oC the kiln, 1: e. above the ore. draft. 

The two smelting hoinies, of winch one The whbleof this coast consists of bayi^ 
belongs to eacit company, contain SI khd recesses ofvarjotis forms and dimen-r 
reverberaiory "furnacejB, the chimneys sions, with lofty prdjetting promontory 
of which are 41 teet high; they arie ies. . • - « 
charged every 5 hours w,ith 12 cwt. of To CAERNARvoH,mr. Warher return^ 
ore, which fields J cwt. of rough cop- cd to PlasGwyh; thehceto the village 
per, containing iO per cent, of pure of Pen Myitydd, the birth-^place of VweTi 
metal ; the price of rough copper is a- Tudor, the great ancestor of a line of 
bout 2/ 10* per C^t. . ; The ^oais are english monafchs. \^hit ' remains of 
procured from Swanse^ and Liverpool, this ancient residence is incorporated in 
a great part of vvhich is Wigan slack. • a farm house; but some coats of arms. 
The sulphate of copper, however, is escutcheons, and specimens of old tna- 
the richest ore which the mine yields, sonry, still exist.^ He then |5roceede<i 
containing about 50 per cent, of pure tothe'inansion of I'lSiS Newydd, through 
tnetal. This is found in solution at the i«ark, an enclosure, which gentlv 
the bottom of the hi itie, whence iti^ slopes to the Menai, and iit covejrea 
punil>ed up into cisterns, ^ like tannerf/ with Venerable oaksaiid ashes, in th^ 
pits, about 2 feet deep ; of these pitf midst of this sylvan scehe^ sUnd two rej- 
t here are many ranges, edch range coiti^ ics of idrunli^' nupers&tidti^ or infamjC, 



«S ANOiBMHVALA. i 

c«iitdc jtam|e <i| ii »«"»t AiitflHf bit -u tHi^lw il lt ii tfcp i l rtM i' to tfc t ^ f Cte 

ottgnificemoBwieHiaKd :iiiniM(Mi', «tei»* B«#aB» Talt VmI . i» #«* mRes, «^ 

ti20deki\wi^!ktfft!bMUii94Vi^b^A§tk QttitfatitMoely Don.- ^^flHttrntt 

ataahtimtiiiMicp0iMe. ItooiMwndtm Uapond dikit^aagoi^'^MttuittBWy; H 

fiew >of tlie pictla^Mqvc Mraifc, os4M» atBRMte* put dl<lHy MMai'; mdc Inif 

pBftrttbeSiKiw.^iv4;4i«tik Tteiv «« iPoroiUttp^to'^ .( 

p«th tbrou^^tv :FM« Ntr«vyil4 park, ' l» • ft . *r^JLr^uri^.0^i^;t» 

fetrryoftiiesanw name. • v/c- . ,• «:». 

•.;T9UaQ<««n.«ttiics^ghi«ter. .:. :>y>iy«aw>mtt<«a8i,nnnMiHi mm^\ 

- -^ tKrvpU«C»'o(CranMM. Jiitra>bMk«i . W|r«d^, < 

: to Baasoi:^a|r,^iiiiim.4iUi>. , ! . , .r— f««»y;Ply^!^»M^I|o«H«. 

ifthf cp»ioue8 of N, Wales. ItiffiH^ttt S?f«<«? T'^^'f^^-J^tt f Menooc:, 

20 mijei loin, IT bfi>aia. iod 16 in ^ir^ ™«. ooniiitm* bf <«fte torlofrtpalsiro 

Acres of fed. and 20.000 inhahuam. *i*f?"^i^'^^I^'tt^ &N?cKrc| 



fes pf fed, and 20,000 jlsh^hiiapM. ^^^. . • v i- u. m jr^ — — - 

f«5riy-l>qa];Ukes pa»sen|ert .every W J!?*^ J^vitt >i>4.|f^lMW. /« 

icx9^\he mm» tft ;wid firoip tbeU^ "^<>~ ^^Jfrmg the tow^ j| aw ^rtifca^ 

tod. iytoh is Uttte nfiwtjbao a luiie »o«Pt cittcd loipjif^ii > J?«fti (the fc 

fcxoas. The boat always pasae« at bi{;^ J*)'^* <» llalaj. ^hich if iV|ipoaed n 

Wa^r,andabornUWownj^tth9tii|ip, '^.^ Wittaj pnjpftf #d plajpcdlieit 

|n ordjpr \q give ftujicc to UiQse who dp, ^^^ * ^^^o, castle on j^'ji acmmiut, c 

»ir^ to go. , rW« island, j^rior to "If "'c the pis towards thje ica. Oi 

6i9 invasion of i|he Kbi|iiaa^, w|ui called !2^ eastern bank of Ui^ Dee if soothe 

jilK ;wt\if h MwUicd.w<v^ is insiaatcd JW'^nt, not far dUtant, called Castn 

6t detached, and this they latiniiedini ^^" ^Y^J*, Benllyn (ij^j c«aUc c 

^. Mona* The axitai#s caOed it also ojonw, &<? Fair of P^pUyn), ^, chieitas 

Tny«PpwylU (the shady UUnd) Ynyf ^olivedinthettmeofMaclgwnG^rj. 

F0p, fropa it?$ situation, and Xnyj^ y '^ ali, ^^'-^ ^-aki;, or £^ Te^, 

pedelrn, from U's hiero^s, or it'j pDW» 9' ^tmbte-inere, is > quarter gC a nuk 

cj:f\il and pelehrited priests fmd druids, f^ °' ^^* ?^^- ^^ »^ the Ingest lake 

It receives it's name AAgleaea £roi?ii th^ }" Wales beiujg; about 4 mile* long, and 

Saxons^ who reduced '^, Ttie^i^, (f ^"^^ ^ , i^? "^^^ ^ "'^^^ ^"^ brpadih 

jjral face of the country is law, ftat, »>4 r^^ , T* ^^^^ !'** <^«iPth is several fatb- 

tfisagreeable, being in want of wood^ ®""** ***^ tcenferV aroyndis njouniain- 

and TOounUinj^. In thia islaad |hc 2^*i .*»"t not ^crj striking Tlie otci- 

princes of North Wales resided, fiom ?o'^'|^nK*o' this lake fire soraetirno 

Uietirae pfBfOdericMawr. to the ninth «eadful; but ttii^ only ,haippeiis wbe 

century, for near fouir centuries, till th|5 Jj^ winds rp'slt fr6m the mountains t 

reign of ILlew^iy^, the last prince, "le upper end., lo stormy weather, 

their palace wa^at 4b^mw.^ §9111/5 J^h^n dwelled Wt'ori^pts.me water b 

of it is said y^t to remain, forming part a«veh to the Height of 8 pr 9 feet, co^ 

pfthewalUofabarn. The Island ermg great part of the yale of Edeirn^on, 

4>f Angles^a is celebrated for it'*9.rare 5?° ^^"^t thr^'at^njjpg the* town wiiii 

>liiarineprodi?ctions,andparticnlarlyfor destruction. Iii cajm settled wcatber 

tjhe variety uf it's shells and crabiu *^ ^^ ^^^" *° »^9oth as to be complete- 

A rural pipe, usedby the shepherds for lywozen over. The river pee rises 

their im^>emi9nt, called the PibgomM "^ ^"^er Arrari hen^ I^n, t'^ie high 

isome me^ure resembling a hoboy, i« *noa«itain at the l>c;ad of the lakej and, 

laid to be almost peculiv to the Xfle of J^cording to p-iraldu^ Cambriensis, 

Aogletca.. . , . , f Prayton, arid otherjj, passes through 

There ar9 Jdv^ Ferries into Ang^csea, tWs immense l^ddy of water withou! 

In t^JLfi di#tanc^ of J12 pr U mite** i, £eigning ^o interptiix it's waters, » the 

Tte woit.ipmhem i«. Al>wa«>% 2^ p^on^ U ^^A ^(ft p?i5.s,tljrowgh the lake 



itk . BAJLAa 

i^n 0ia»«iavtfslMMdlri9ili9kiMw$ flOf »«ltohiiAg|nesiibf»«Bnf^nBtity-'oft|»<^^ 
ike^gwinuNhlt iito«te>fivttC .Tl|li M«f surtaoe.iif liie graasud,:and^ is apptel> 
peMc»l)y' ia tlMtcawji^but partia|» by^ t* ^a?ft .bfea;tti«:case ib.the pvscfat 
K:«i^m|ki«gMnatMiaMilMiisiikii<lww iRtiabce« tdmo^iMtf «fr. » eontiaerabl» 
o 9tni3FTil»/ar «»>UbacM|lav'MV iMOett tomnlnt ttou . the faislifett moiaiiuiiit, 
low»ft)icmer^<inda.ifllmtotut*iiOW> wfaiofa ifetel lo Innie^lp^eil €ccaii6nii 
^oidtkitea betni fio^d tfespastingi* tins' ed.^j: <Ui0 Mfkting of olo«dt»' -^hoifr 
Akoi. )From.t|lebqitovi'6fitlMS lakll' vast contents being: Mged in. the Yidk^ 
»r - ;k«. eildi tbe view to* Vtae «inr i^ tfiH Uhybi^^enmiiitie inta^the joacth* * wbrch 
seedtotly ioeji ariUac^f tioh ''tlim^ Latoaeniagibe whole, ittasa, istwcfMB 
frel^ft •nd irerda[|tr«iii»Me^«>%<boeittd k'i dotril wit^tte tocreat^^iand gcnerallf: 
water* OR tte righci| 4m'tkm M^^ ^ lodged in isdnife valeibclowi Thepreft« 
^ridge# ^brangtv ^bfili>4iiMI im^iiie «nfc>iicctdedt bappotod aftdr a thaader^ 
UT4» called. Uia D^k • A bi«)^'fiM^k!f alf>fiti^mi the SOdibrjune I7ai»whttit 
hiB» wctt clolhfi ' Willi- wMd, tbefe (Ik; riv^ Tw#cb overflowed it'ar bankil 
over k 'nk. pidtuteftfUft^ beauty. A ki iaob adceadUsl torrent, .a& to tw«i^^ 
ranee of CEagitUeBC^ 4e*iM tb» itftW trery thiiig before it. According nf 
fclie lofty Arnm wkli theiff MMtHltf tbt:DQMripaperai:counUiioteM tbanH 
^^eaUyii and Fonvddf i '^^^ OhtHfl ^ Ir w; aill9 bboaes^ ten cows, and » ^a«t nombevoil 
thd::cloudy topcdf A^illgir;VllW^, IMMT al|Kff|»^bes>ddi the loil^of aU tbe^ mtaMU 
Vacli|<iaiid Mr4hd iltitot4idH«oh^ tH^ owftfuid corn fields iau'stsmme, wef« 
tfipplm^^^^vi'bUi^'W^ftrkii'Clidt^ dtetreyed fay it; aod this.meai^owi iii 
idsis. .ThelaboiflftMMi Y«4tli $t Vdria wtvcft the greater part of the stonei 
et^.o^^JteeHeoi 4Mftf$'"«alfnfmi fiitf^ wel»M|^,V2lstah«apedwitbtheiaj 
Uoutfptii€^t9^miBM4imptca\ih¥i6 as to render it not worih the trouble 
alpuwilalMs, osl(ddI'f«rm««dd ; thfJidW of vte^riogiiagaiBidb-ciiItiTatiatl. fhe 
mo Uvenetofof U^tlimtti md mb f^ distnotMidns ot koineofthf atones, bora« 
ta.oiF'tlit4alMQfO«ll^^. Tb«flVh«r^ bitlief by the irtip^tilkofttty ot the iorrenr^ 
in. tlie thin«diftH*Y:4»if«yyiMkytiged' w a««>asloftUhtng ; one wa& .18 feet loogi 
«hs.:abbisy.9f^ Alsihg«K«Htf' the wMlHs^ 9 broad«. and 6^ high ^ another,: split id 
pra^t«y.is now ir«|te&< in j'lr W/'W^ tbodeicent,,wa9'19i feet by 7^« and d 
Wfttnd^ -.1 ' ! » ' • '• *««I« Eight other ftoocsi half tbiasizc) 

A *i^ t'^^.wfi/^i; \;i^»u i vt4«' Y it« • *iw ii'ftlW^^an*©** Waif anmilc, and.five.bridg« 
'In^ VrLSi'ft^^^^ ^^ e» in Ae.pa^iah were swept away. T^k 
iri.kl; froih.piri^leys^Tour, .., iohabitami providentially received A 
. i ** CrpMing ihe,biridgeand firdCeediiiy tiit^ely alarm ; the consequence of afew . 
alopg tl»e' f^*t4m edg« oi thdipoely Mn miimces .dfel^ wohlcl hav^ been tbett 
ii^|ir>theiiainj£tell/«fll^tBcief^»pkairimg desMructiem. . The only pecsoniinissinf 
vaWi«p«oiQiiU>et>ppQ«ie8ide;boMulcd waaa |«9bn woouin^ who being sick: id 
by rrai«im)taiA% .and ^dosod, in. at.iiw W was ^toitrwid. [Pennant U, p, 87.} 
ei)4 py one of tho Awtrn^ Passing tthc On the snmmiti of a high and craggf 
end of the lalie about ihaif aibiler »otl rock, at aOme dtttance from th? road^ 
leavins tl)€ -toad dmim anatrow. lane to abottt a mile beyond LlaQuwchIlyn» art 
Xi«WiW0^%a(tfi^obQTcii above thd lake) thereitoailitof .an ancient brttith fort, 
tU^valeOf 7Wr«Ai4ent0ffcd,wherojlrdd call^ (ksUU ComAfcJutn, Returning 
if«»Aty}fipffeseatf^e flit's naked^ctaff* apon.an eminence on the left, ne*r 
gy^ and prominent cliftt>it!« poor, vetr the head of the pbbd Caer. Gat, waa fo»^ 
etat%oohangjdng:Jila//ew)tttftafram'itr8 metly a fort belonging to On Hir v^ 
brolnen aides, r the ^teendia altogether ^'j^^j^p^ or, a^ Spenc#^ has caltoJ hi^n^ 
(bat of nature, in . her vun^nA ftcinfi XimOn^. the fdtter i^hecof Kipg Ar- 
whff«.ro€kft« beathv most, and a few tfanr^ w^o was edooaoed here. ^* v 

griiasest.sceaied aiJfiosLthe(^lfl comt . Oftihetnnfrat Bala^ Mr. Hutton sayf^ 
poaeift pamaf ihapiotnre. Croasiog .'< aldfo'X have often, tmly roposed oiia 
fi»e tl^ifer Twrohr;(the bonPOwmr> my mght at an km, yet, frohi agreeabli^ 
gnide««a)iaMn ttngley, potriied^otat ^ ticatdienfe ^ad eonfvcBtation/ I fohnd 
pi(Q<»i0f Jand.iof.coosiidenMdftxteati tamd;r«gi!et the a^tday at pattiiiy. 
Yvit'tcb wfttfioeaclycoveted witii ianuA Thioagb(Xsaifi<the.t>aDEde bvt bnee^ «faa 
iiieivaWle:iiiittsc9ofbrok^radi»^i*«tineii temd a«raltbdiSitt)Mdil6aofeeci^g^Mat 



BtAMi ' Ih one aTtoT tows,! ftfoppiM ar onthe'MW.^gAe oftlisl 



Bate; 'ihaneatmTtowtylftbppttlar onneiiw.^iieoftlisUk^ftfcelAtt 
thr TifrM GoU^Jfogjff (theatait.oi) of itAwyaT an< i£rfwwiwl/W< iwecwr> 
Wynne) whege»>hy«ittakc, my ^■iMfc'r yoad whkfar the mmm iu am jiwuii 



doth irar left; Jcwn iKiweverCtte^^ Miltlfle. lictr r—it mui the CfH 
fuly pfeMnred^tfaaughmfffetumwai ggr MoeM p9jinmm.k€m MJpm^ vfaio 
uotfertain. ln&tubaeq«eBttoar«I«t»- ooiitintte»#i# iMwl)F%wmQtle» 5 beyoc 
<;eived the cloth, and was tmkf Mrryto: vihe nmghtten ttihiiiKh which to 
find the jiiiihap|>)riaadloffd had beeA>c^« hoineraat TwMh mibcs' in cxmtiawt 
liged to ihut up." TfaeBaitf ii ac* MUcadoa. • The cotufcg in- tlua dinnr 

counted the head tAn. art ftiofC rudelp fontiedv aad their oo^ 

la the immediate neighbourhood n ^^smrd appearance cocrdponcto to thr 
the leat of mr^ Price. Elegant giooarii wrechedsfiM* within*. Oortliiiuing bi 
add conttderahly to the beauties o£thit> joumey ttpihcMream; the traveUer z 
•pot» whith ts lurrounded by nMnlni kogth arriveir4it |he entratice of tl:^ 
taiot» through which roads have beeir n^iUiairy paiS4>fii«Ujrgro«f, (thep» 
cm with exceuive labour * While at of the ctom) so caOed ironi a ctocit: 
Bala»' ran Skrine visited the pass oP Vhif h waS' anciently ici^ctod ac tk 
eiipidmgh, where a torrent it pvecipi*' Vtmnutof.thisMoeat. Mr. Asfcio, w^* 
laced from the hills with great force, and lopk4hitipuie«$ays»*«]ieftHe we & 
ftOls, in some places, perpendicularly^ IPredAhe passive loraed«aide a !it!k 
from basin to basin. Theroadis hereto OP^PIV right, to admift a very atrikin; 
CDttstmcted, as to follow the windiogt ^WWk^TMa 7wcA.' The bed of thr 
of the.torrent» upon a shelf above- it.' t^freqt was filled with Cnonwms nor 
in one place» springing across by a boM 9fu of >rock sevwal yaids ia diameter. 
Mdi, it commands a view of aJl the 9^M ope ypoaih a ot h er in > most tie- 
faUs. Soon afterwards he reached Coa^ go|ar and wqpdciitti manoer, deeph 
Wxv. wombythecQqMMiaCtioi^:.of theva- 

On the road to LLAicaHAMoa* about ter, which boils opd fvoms nod rushes 
amile and a half from Bala, is the Bridge with vast impetuofiiiy through the inter 
caUed PmU Oynmfd, below which the ▼«!> between the.Micks>. whack wot 
turbulent little stream is crowded with tbemseWesadwncii with horge tufti ^ 
huge masses of rock, deeply excavatied saxifraga nivalia, andottier pUota» in (uii 
into circular hollows, by the furious ed- flower. Abo^t a smarter, of a mile a- 
dyiAg of "the water iwhich sages ftona l>ove the fall is a craggy perpeikdicubr 
above. About a mile bevond stands cliff* bending over the watccw .whence, 
i{Atwedog(the abrupt ascent), an ancient no doubt, these .surprising ruins were 
family seat, near which, in a vale, detached by the force 6f frost* or the 
where there it stagnant water in win- irresbtible rushing of i[he totrent, twell- 
ter, calledlW y GeUneddf (the poolof edunutualiy by heavy tain ; the pieces 
the slain) was fought a most tevere astheylell>n>Ued along the hed ofibe 
battle between the Britons and fiaxonsi ttihaa^ till onebeiog:ac this phure inter. 
in which the aged Llywarchi lott hrb ra)ited in it's further progtesi, stcfpped 
only surviving son. From the stdei»f xlso alL the reat which were behind 
a steep, just after entering the moors; it 9 the descent iof- the current heaped 
appears a distant view of the vaU ttf them ilpon«cacb other in their present 
Bd$irneoiu The road then leads over disorderly arrangement, but. was niu- 
Tri}«y^i(m(thecause'^ay of the ridge), ble to sweep away the mound 5 it has 
At a little distance on the right, runs however left deeply engtaven marks o( 
one of the immense ridges extending 1 3 >f a violence, and by tt*s gradual, though 
^ 1^ miles in length, called the^«r^ ctmstant erosion, will'|>robably at some 
jvfn Motmtaitu. Two of the most.ele*. future > period-, aided 'by Some hi'sh 
vated points are Cuder Fervoyh and Va^ spring tkjo^^tcm away tlusse obstadei, 
der Frortwyn. Soon afterwards^ occurs and carry, their shattered fragments 
A noted bwlch or {)ass, which divides into Baia<-poot. Uelximing into tbe 
the counties of Merioneth ind Mont- roadfrum this romance spot^ we begao 
fomery,xalled diiUtir Gler%.(the stony to aaoend the steep' mountain of BvM 
mile). Hence is a^pvospect int&dteToi. y^^^rMr^by^a most misMbty rugged 
maotie vmU ^ LbmgynAg, c^mpletel^r fvad nf l<k>se shites, rendered alipper]! 
eocloscd on aQ sides ^ vdousmnni. by the train, wluch was commg doivn 
Tfajl^bQthnBJ»/itfletx|ietshd'wkliihnttll with-imereasing ^tence. Weatlengtb 
farm houses. gained the summit, and descended by 



1 

Sh^W#5?1 r^^Ulet$;Vhich, uniting,. rockWmng^tljps^^th^Qw^dU 
toon th/e aource- pr.the river ^vey., » oon, ^i^a terminating, jjacthwards s^boijfi 
ISTj^e ttream' which gives jit*s name, tp hailf a mile fwdi jfts^jj^the^ral into the 
Jic valky^" %isi^ arrived it ,X/di^.y beautiful bay ptmjlfnari^ the low tW- 
rnda^c^cTti^yheAC^e wc»j>ro^^^ ers ofit,** casfle! am visible from ^be- 

A.S Y.MoVopv^ passing on our rigt^t a, beach, lord Pi^Ikley'sjiio^iision at !dcfo»^^ 
cqpst beaw^ifuji,5iAs«? APS formed b]^"t|^^ fafi, appearing bejbinjj^* At a distaocei! 
iivet Cowarcftf which hastens to mingfe Puffin's islaqd, and th€,,pron\ontory'of 
Lt*s waters with^tiie J)pvey. We paf^©4 Orme's-head, are seen to guard t^e €>>- 
:broughJ)inas/y jnowdduwithomstop-. trance, of the harbour; the, vast |^^i^l| 
^ing and ha)ted lor tl^e night at Ma n-- ipaen mawr, and a line of viila^e^ witft 
w YDj^ 2' miles loweir down the vaje, cultivated iiejd^' lie stretched along tlie 
>vhere we fov^ud a. very tolerable i)in."" shore. From |;he chuTch-yardis an ex-' 
/';l*o Itufs?f>i occurs a gradual ascent tepsive and cbiarming prospect of bail* 
?r two miles, and, then is discoVeteJ.aj of Anglesea, with the town and b^y of 
^randyiew ot Bala L^fee, finely backed Beaumaris. On a rocky eminence,. 

3y the Arran and the more distapt C*n *bout a quarter of a mile. e. of Bangor^ 
iir I^ris. At aboiat t^ie end of t^e 6th formerly stppd a Cattle, built by Hugh, 
mile, the tyrnpikerJoad from tlanrwsjt to Earl of Chester, spn\etime diiripg th^ 
Corwencros^ejs at right angles. .6Jyn^ reign of William 2." tie date of it*i 
i?ridge lies a mile tp the left j an object <?enodntion is unknown. The me if! 
veil worth so ihoft a deviation, [seQ stilt visijsiie pn a^ecipitous hill, about 
?oNT. Y Glynn. J. Mr. Warner cqntinu' half a mile eastward of the city. ^ 

;d alcing thebaiiks pf tbis stream, till he, - The Cathedral is a small dirty-look- ^ 
sntiercd theXuthin road,, near a village; ing building, dedicated'to St. DeinioL 
:^lle4j JBfe/a^ffyOwj|{»j;y/ goch^ , Three or It appears to have been first erected by 



Tour miles distaijt^rom Ruthin the vale Maelgwyn Gwynedd, prince of Nortli 

)f tlwyd is" entered,. ^ rjch tract of laii^ Waies^about the year 55Qj it wasdestrpy- 

;|t;rptc{iing 22 TOile^.in iength, and $ve ^dby the Saxons 1071 j and afterwa^d^ 

?^^*sixJ|)1breadtU,.. '. . rebuilt by King Jobu,m 1212. it suf-- 

Th^rpad' to.F'estiniqo is over.,« Weired, with the cathedral of St. Asaph j 

Ircarv waste ot i'8 miles,' through te|j about 124T, ip the Wars betwixt Henry 

jf which iherq/are but t»fp. ^|itary. 3> and th^ WeisK In 1^02 it was burnt! 

iou$cs.---Hutton^ ' ' '■, .' ' ' ' down in the rebellion of Owen Glyn- 

To I^anpnog, i(^ miles, Binglcy; ^Vjjucfcjii, dwr j and remained in ruins upwards of 

* — MallWyd; S^faiii^ Aikin. ' g^ years, when the choir was rebuilt bv 

i: t^T^j^^J! SSiT; V ^^»*^^ Henry Dermis or Denni, in thS 

^"^•^^ '?^ "• ' t^ignofHenry7; but the tower an4 

«r^ DolnrBe^.miaStct. nave wiere, 'according to an inscription 

' -. Llanrhiadr, l^nslca . . OV^i' the West door, built at the expense 

.-C«™^,WiiMlet,.^rioQ, of bishoji SktiRngton in 1552: This 

— Rutittfi,^i miief, Warnor. , . ^^^ ^^^ With a still more cruel ravageir 

^^*^^ _.-^^ In bishop Bulkeley, who not only al? 

. I ... I '^^r'^'^'T'^^ ifenated hiany of the lands belonging 

vwt^n^nmm^A^ n Isi- i» ^1 *° ^^ ^^^ ^^°^ *o far as even to sell th^ 

"^T.t:'^tt^^ : ^^f of^echUtch, Beneatha^ 

,r^..A»i»ch,aamite8,Alfcin. archlies the body of Owen Gwynedd; 

^^ Aber, 3} miki^iiiittoo< Jkitee. the .valiant Prince of North Wale^ 

Caeratfvoo»S inile% &iaa ; . Hutton ; '^^ b^ait 6f ' bisiiop Skcffington is d^ 

., Warqer. ..;... .. * - posited here j his body was interred at 
Conwy, 1 1} nUe^ Wttmer^ M walk. Bcauteau, in ' 1^30, of which monaster* 

rrJJ^X^A^^^''^' . h6'hadbeeuabW. The choir was fit- 

BANGOR, (from Bon chfic, thebeau- edMpiti a style of neat and simple ele^ 




5or vawr, the great Bangor, probably to cons, 2 preceptor^ 4 viCars, & minor- 
hstingoish it from Bangor-is-coed, in jC^0M^'()Jaytierki,2^id 8 chpris^eT|j» 



y»idi HI htmit i^MJolWr Jahmim. to <ny fti BatiM^, M iA^feMlre Jette 
t)i4( siHiatbti df ttMi (!M%^ U nsu to charge, even itt'^li^^ ttli^ 
Itbtlable'i 6h tftt^ ^I ' It' itr enclo9<(d' m at the inns on tile LdMdfpeat nii 
^ a ttetjlk i^ht;^^!' 'and on the It ik, however, bekoUfiiB^ Mmat^s 
if.-'tiir'iliiiigpptui^t't&ili to be lost. bans%g^entoililfot|Ly^lliCbover 
M|jhtdfi^i(Ota^aiitbej|iiac^M quitted. ' Ibokf the Menai. Oii the tbbre por 
fnt ttet dchbo) wat t'ciiihed in 1)5*7,, lbu(idaHce crfthe CortiteariaoiaiciDaa 
dtlt 6F a* building called the Pri^rr. (^. Am^, pi^ver cambricam, ticbs 
©fdtttbly 6nd^ ariJijfioo« I?ou«e.;K ftucus, K lanatm, V. cufeni te tLeus. biyje 
ibdlbng bccii inbifgh YeoUte ai a tralt^- Tenicillacum, bytctit aaft», and asp!r 
ili^' seminary for Oxford, and Trinity Iriom ianceolatum ; and btt the risi:^ 
CdHege, Dubtitf. A.tiahdtbme ichooU |toui\d, between the city and the ic 
ttbtikeba»been erected, virith in income ry, the bypc-ricutn an^attifotiiifny asci 
of400ip<£r annum. The present matter gklleDptii villusa. ' 

irthe ^6y, P. Williams, of C. C. C Oa- The road from fiadgor^fmv 'k'o Cao-i 
4^. Mr. Wartier iHd his compan- irAavoichainothingcztraotiijiiaurytor 
ibh spoke' in raptur&s ,qf tUis place. The rest attention, till the fotirtli mile-ito« 
b^aUty, retirement,' 2(nd repose of the hai t^en paksed; then, 6n m audita' 
Whole pleased them iVoildtfrfully. The fern of the road, the ftr^ghti of Meuk 
htteV bbsisrved, Xh^i "if he were Bp. of the weoded isle of Anglesea, aod ht\ 
Saiigor, the only translation he Should yobd these the distant Rtvel liMHUitaJ& 
^oVet would be thencis td he&ven." on one ridei opeh into a pUticid scck 
ttie. former ^rced with him, tb^t while the black pretripices aod ^hagje^ 
•^'^eve fs^le to throw him also into such tides of the rockt of CaeMiarvohshat 
• a spot, very few iltractions would hate on the other, form a moft deligbttu 
s^mcient force io eliciit him ffom it." contrast Proceeding' on, the town ifti 
Th^yhad* "hevcr seen a place which castle Of Caernarvon, alter aome tixne 
\iAire^ id many beauties ih so Harrow ^ enter the scene, and Complete otte o' 
i 'circle;, the sCiblinie lifouhtarns of the most etquisite landscapet the e^ 
CaeFriarvonshire,atishortdiitance froth ever beheld".— Bmgley. 
it,4hQ l5i<iiures(qq6 *cenery of k'sowii To ANOLtscA, rtr. Wfftiet, on to 
iitiihediate neighbourhood; and the J* second walk, took th^ ferry At Gartli 
^^2tti spreading it*s broid bosoih Within Point, at (he distance 6f half u mile fros 
tWb mile* of the towtt.'* Frort the BangOr. Winding VLp i declivity whid 
b6ach at Bangor tlie low towers ofOie riie^t>Ve^che M^nai, he took a path t- 
cajtlc or Beaumaris are dfstictly visible, cross the fieMs to BSAuMAais ; now 
'This city atfords two inns named the ** treadihg the sacred ground of Mbu. 
Easies, and George and Dragon^ the holy land of the..aAcieat Bi^ttoot, 

TWp miles from Bangor h Al^'r Ce^id^ the great school of DrwtdWn* toofiec 
isthall creek, through Which, the Og- suined by the bloody rites of m «nper- 
Wyn is emptied into the Men^u ; on the stition the most dreadtel that ever en- 
iiiore of^lhis creeti a new port formed chained the human micld.** ' 
1^ tlie. expense of Lord Pehrbyn, and An Excvasioii to Ltfikb ^ilirtibTit's 
titled after his name, is the grand Slate QvARkifes, 2d miif^if. 

^e^ository of ilVe .slates A^hich are ^am Frangon; watecfallc of Bcr 
l^ught from Lord Penrh'yri**; quarries glog ; Llyn Ogwen^ Llyn Idwel. Tlw 
it Ddlawen, near Llyn Meirig) in the greatest part may be perfonned in cit- 
iklonntains of 0^'w^'n. * nages, or on boTsebtacfc. ' - 

• A Jiiw ROAD is. now opened* from To the Ferry Ij mite», thcwfe • «e»wm«. 



HaAgbr to LlakRWst, t*hrbugh Kaiit HatUttWfmt 

bout a mile from the tpjvtf, oh the-east- . ^ BestoBwiis, fi^iies, Wamert fld. WMk; 
etii' b^nkof the Meiiai, thfJ straigjjt . «knM- , . . i .^ .• 
WlUfch divides Augleseat^qitt fe^ O^er . — Liahd<;|ai, PemUqt ., 

pMs of WMfe'Sj and is biie pTthe 
Charminely retired places in thJg lifwfe;- 
dbm. Thfe ihh isrekorteAtO ot ,,tftycl- 
^»« th^ a<^dijiil^iri<$h b«iii/iu^i(» 



33 



BANGOR ISCCniD. fiAllDSEV ISLE. BARMOUTH. 



^ 



Fron kt^lvS inilai, Peimabk. •• 
-— KudtoB, .7 apiteii fiiiifflcy, 
•.^— Wreyllj^, 7 miks. /; 

BANGOiLlSCO£D, ia. situated in 
9 detached. patt o£ Fllntsfati^, 3 ipiles 
^js. of Overton^ on cbe b^fcftof $he Dee, 
which here posses under >a. bridge of 
iive aithes. From afew hundred yards 
behiw the bridge, abe^otiful landscape 
is pi^ented, includ^g the river, bridge, 
and the tG(wer ^ the church, rising. a- 
boTe a clunp of trees. This place, at 
pcesem yterf oiconiiderable,. is famed 
on:acc9ount.of.iiaYin|; been the site of 
the xnose ancient monastery in the king. 
4om, founded by Lucius, .the sdn of 
Coel, the first christian king of Britain, 
iometimeprevious to the year 1 80. This 
monastevywas remarkable for it's vai« 
ttable library an^ it's nu'mber of learned 
n^en, GUdiu Nennhu,.^ disciple oi £1- 
vod/who lived in the fTthcentmrf^ and 
wrote in Latin an incorrect history of 
Britain, which is yet extant, Was one of 
the abbots. According to Speed,. the 
monastery of Bangor in the year 596 
contained not less than 2400 monks, 
lOO of which passed in\ their turns, one 
hour df devotion. This place appears 
also to hove bten the site of Bovium or 
Boniutn, a^ famous roman station ; but 
there are no remains either of the mon* 
astery or city. 
To 4>v«noiiS miles; (hence to Raaboa,? 
aiUei^ Pennant j Bingle^ 

BAtlDSEY ISLE, situated hear the se. 
point of the promontory of Ujfn, in Caer- 
nar^mnshire, is the property of Lord 
Newborough. It is somewhat more 
than S miles long and one in breadth, 
Gonuining about 370 acres of land, of 
which ^neaf a third is occupied by a 
high mountain, affording sustenance 
only for a f^w sheep and rabbits. 
It's distance from, the main land is a- 
bout a tekgue. On the se. iidc, which 
only is accessible to the mariner, there 
is a small Well-shehered harbour, capa- 
ble of adiftlttlng vessel* of SO or 40 tons 
buirdeti." ' *ttie '*6jl' is clayey ;' and prb- 
duce? ekccffoit barley afid wheat.' No 
reptile Ifc tv^ se^ft onthls islarid, ex- 
cept tbe fcdWitnon WafterKiatd. It con- 
tains but 6 houses, yet the number of 
inhabitacirtts Is upvvardi of '70. Few of 
the pre^6nt' iti|liaWt!ajTt5 are- natives of 
the iSlana. ;The4t; cJileF 'efniJioym€»hS 
besides man^g^ng 'ffifeljt fe*d; fs fishing. 

a 



From HiTilech, 10 miles, Bingley; ivamfch .' 
" I>olgelIe,i6n]fiI<es,J.£vans. 

■ B ARMOlJipH; is placed near the cda- 
flilix of the river Maw or Mfawddxch^* 
in a sirdafioh -wretchedly fttted for li 
town: The hbuses are disj>08edi ^ithei 
among th^ sandy'in a low situation, or 
reared atdiflFerertt heights on' the side^lT 
a huge rock, ltk6 part of th^ city dPEd^' 
inburgh; and said to resemble the -town' 
d>f Gibraltar. Tiiese houses form 8 tieti; 
one range kbove another, to whicbOievib 
is no approach bm by steps tut in UM9 
rock. Th^ floors of one row is abo^C 
level with the chimnies immediately itf 
front, so that a person standing at his 
door may Idok down th6 thimnies 6f 
the neighbourhood below. The first 
range regales the second with it's 
smoke, the second the third, > 3to. tiU 
we arrive at the uppermost, which In £ 
westerly wthd,takes th^ mixed^rfume 
of all. — ^Bingley. It is frci^uentied 

during th^ summer season as a sea-b&th- 
ing place. The Cors-y-gedol Aarms it a 
comfortable inn, the prdprietorofwhic^ 
accommodates lodgers at another lai^e 
and good building. Here is admirable 
harping and an assembly twice a week. 
There is a delightful promenade on the 
beach. BarmOuth is the port of Meri- 
onethshire; the number of shij)s be- 
longing to it is about 100. The popu- 
lation of the plac^ is estimated at idiDO. 
Not far from Barmouth the river MiwC 
ddach separates, leaving a imall island 
called Vwy* y Btawd, Or the Ffiar*sJdand, 
On the top of the rock, called l>mat 
OortinywM formerly a military .trench 
or fence. -. . * ' 

** I left Barmouth," says mr. Bihg- 
ley,-' and proceeded along the bank of 
the Mawddach, usually called Avon 
Vawr,- (the great river) towards Doit- 
CELLE. It was high water, and thb 
whole bed of the river being filled, 
made the different landscapes in thie 
scene appear truly picturesque. Thefirst 
two miles, which lay along what the axv 
habitants of Barmouth «aU the Beaeii, 
formed the most mterestingi part of tfah 
journey;- In the composicioii o£ the 
views, fearcely any thitlg Appeared 
wanting ; there was every itequisitei of 
thountain and vale, wood^ 'Water, iinca* 
dowfe. and rocks, arranged, in beautifili 
OFdier.' Beyond the beach, the coiii 
winds at>a itttle distance fromthe^iwiff. 
atiftohg> tld^ ' low> moumsinsy fromtdiflbt- 



as BASilNGWERK ABBEY, 36 

ent itations> in which I had views of the cragsaod rode precipicct, down to the 

rivexj . |>artly hidden by iniervening strand; on our left* the oocmw ^aaftusg 

mountains, which produced the ap- over the irregular tands, and iosaimg 

pearance of elegant and picturesque against he rocky shores ol tbe peninsu- 

landscape." On this coast are, la ot Penmoria, which liet^treacbedia 

geese, gulls, black and white sea-crows, prospea, iurming the mankaom boni 

penguins, pufl&ns, nng ouales, cormor* ot Cardigan bay. Tne road 4oviatisg 

ants, wheatrears, and many smaller trom the snore, tavoors an ascent lovjs. 

birds. On the sands grow the glaux it the environs ot Om y Grdo/, tbc an- 

maritima, aniirnhinum orunuum, cu- Cieotseatat theVaughana. ibe nan- 

phorbia peplis, cineraria palustns, ar? sion affords notmog striking:. The 

Qn»ria maritima, a. pepioide», a. rubra, woods abound with large timber, bat so 

7>r.^S and.jihciranthus smuatus. On affected by the wettwinds,ihactl»ey have 

th«ro«ks,pianta£o maritima, crithmum the appearance ol bein|p sbocn at top» 

naritimum, saiicoroia eruumoides. A like the wood ofi Margam in Glanor' 

single rock near the harbour abounds ganshire. The vicinity, h owr e v ei, a- 

with thii^j»rm^.iastaticei. Many prefer bounds in biitith anttquitiesu Criag t 

making a journey .from Barmouth to A'naf, is a conical hiU, whose sommff 

DolgeJUeu Vy water. The river» how- is surrounded with n vast pile aC loagb 

over, ia diminished to much in width stones, tused as ramparts, and wmppottd 

and depth within the last mile* as not to have been a british posu It has aa 

tci admit even of a pleasure-boat to reach oblique entrance with stone Cacings» 

Polgeileu, which obliges, company to and near it are two other ramparts oi 

walk. three quarters of a mile to the stone: Hw.of this,oAthei»^ot aooth- 

tnwfu . er hill, is Cadtil dinai Cortin, entrench- 

At tbe distance of ^o miles from ed round with an advanced work is 

DolgeUeu is LLaNELLiYD, a. neat vil^ front ; at a small distance in tbe plaia^ 

lage, whence is a road which winds between these posu, are « variety of 

along a dark and gloomy va)e» to- druidic rentiains; ciomlechay carnedds, 

wiards Maentwrctg. Fi^m the bridge stone circles, maenhirion, and kistvaeo. 

this, vale is seen to great advantage^ Contiguous are the snurU lakea of Lbfu 

There is .a footpath Irom this village JBod/j(n, and Uj^n Jrddm^ tbe former 

•leading to an ancient monastic ruin, famousfor it's CW, and the latter for a 

■called Y Vunerm Kmmgr Abbey, species of trout, mentioned by Gyral* 
' Mr.Wamer,inpassing this way, sud- dus,. with a long toad shaped head, 

denly tnmed upon Poni ddn, a stone Hence is the pass of ifisM ifriwr j^n/uii. 

bridge of one arch, bestriding a iurious xcy, but mr. Evans says it ir so arduow 

torrent, which rushing from a dark that he preferred returning to the rosd 

wooded glen, forms a beautiful cascade not far distant from Harlech, 

above. " tre he had proceeded a mile to Doipeiieii, io miiet, Binfley ^ Warner. 

iusther, another variety in the scenery ^ HarlecK lO miles, i. Evans> 

of the most striking kind occurred. —DolgQlleua^d Falls, to Taa | bwlch, 2S 

• The movntains in trttfit receding from milet. 

the river, are replaced by rich mea- ^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^r^^^^^^ 
dows, thfpugh which the stream, wi- . 
•dening and deepening, flows with si- ^'^^ Holywell, ij miles, Pennant i.BiDgic); 
lent majesty A vast echvity forms Wyndham; Sknne. 
the distant scene,diver8ified with woods BASIN CW£RK ABBEY, oi^ Grceiu 
and lawns, and rural dweUingf* with a ^^Id Mooaste^. Tt^ese shattered time- 
partial view of Dolgclleu.. Behind are worn refuains, with the spiromidins 
caught the different reaches and w ind sycamores, are from spme poiala of view 
ings of the river, which loses itsclt at highly picture«quip ^d.beaQtiiul. Tbe 
length in the great waste ot waters, to- little, at present lelt,ls scamqe^^suffid- 
^etberwith^heshaded nilisthat confine ei)t Jo indicate ^h;|t, this^.' A^lfey. has 
it on one side, and the rocky precipices formerly befa^.. Tt^p f^f^^Vf^^, l^hjch Uy 
of Cader Idris on tbe other.'' on, the £.iiide is totally, idestro^edf The 

•Proceeding to HAai^EOH,. the road refectory is tolerably. enjtire^at^ has od 

lies along the flat, undulating ^hore of one side a latgerecess, wilh ji^o round 

the Bay of Cardigan. On tne rig]jt.is aj^che^, Th^ .cqlls /prfi(^ljMigij5ijg&^ of the 

tbe western termination of the gpper .nmnkt^^yy/i^^^a iP^^ ^^^^i*^ ^^^ 

Merionethshire chain j ending in:abruj>t w^tv* .allpVc;^^ \X\^ ch^pgljoif <^nigbts 



SX -BEAlnrARll , 3» 

sinetoM indetegaau. The bnck build- ^ ^ miles, Wywttaij W.meri 

ing, Mrved with umber; -which joink ' siirine. 

the •bbe^r^' >• coojectuiedbyMt. Grose ' ■ — ' pku Tiewfdd, 6 miki, resiuiit 

.101,4, d^bt^l, eoniinan^ an ex- ^^^ weU-built corporate town. coataL 
tem.wpMWt^ttonverDee,Che». i„g g or-Jstreen.oneofwhichUJpnd; 

Ihearctotwwreof.the couad. arches ,er„bankoftheMenai, where It opei« 
SSifcS» SJrt'?^^-— ""— ?P>.ceof«rouna. buUVs^ti^tion islow. 



iZ»l^^«J^ZZ ?Paceof jrouna. butU's ^ti^tioi, islo 
{''"^^""WPW' It h^s consisted of an outer talUum 



or 



es.by oneof theearUPfVljeKef. U Tn^e oX^; ^.na^d 7 th''T'1£^oS 
was rebuilt.l^ Henry ^.aCt^rbu escape ^i^.j,, fli^lfed by several riund tower». 
fromEuloe,havmgbe?pdpinql^he4.n and hai on the eaVt side, an adv|mce4 
a former re.gn. In .\m Owej. Gwy- ^<,rk, called the Gunnels walk. Wit^ 
J^.'-i^S:ril'2:r,S:^^ri?v: •- ^ !» ^bebody,of.he;castr<^X^ 

The rich p«»ros Which ^nTediately frf'fjS^Y.'rT^^.Z^i^' 
nvomnd thUabbey and the vtematioM "^ °' **'''* "^"fl .\'i* "!,* 1 " *^- 

i:dVir^.:u%Sai^w^h! ^^^t^z ^Tt^^'vti 

ered and Wed bf the chaSS^breea- ^^^ J^^'^^^^ deleu'l^here^M 
*^r''VbS""T;^^t«"r!:r^;d S:e„"alo';^Ln"a«;fn™una ^TuUd^- 
?^L! 2 1!: .-I^ 5f 5 ^If inssof the inner court, by ;i gallery. 2 
^J mUt.''^Sl!S' ..I^t>l^r;? y=^d»W=(d. which isyetin apeatiSeas, 
S^2«^wKrht!^'««^,S^„l2^^ ireentire. In t»,e different Tecesses of 
ly trees, wbich are not liaMeto be in* ;i:^.:ii^ «.,^.«««,^t,J>u . «>K;^t> .-.^;»»^ 
wed by thesali^e winds, and spray of tjiesitearesqnarehole., which seem to 
th*. *-/ Ww^^LT nJ^ ♦nYt ^'^v^ *^?^ irAp-doof » apeping intp a kind 

.5Lr^^^r?^;en^«i .^W ordungeonundem^/b. Iufhetv^Qeastr 
I^;.^; Wil^h^e^^^ empowers have ^eep dungeons, the 

and steep miiy- whence he enjoyed a j^^^wi,,;^,, ut^u «,«. ^«*ir -«j «,i^«, 
wonderful prospect towards thi?oas. j nfiKj^Hi^^fL^S^nS^.^r^ 
While in the other hand, hillroienpoh !i"^L ,f, vL l!t^^,Z"\^ 

dort tbwered wi« Majestic prt-emm- S^^^ ^ * a I^^,rl1n/Si& 
ence. He then dttscftnded into the fer- ^^y^.H^wi^i^^^^KiSS^a? 
tile .oArnTCUrfrf. a track' of great exl *f;l^?,^^"^ %<!r««««f«~. ""- 
t«nt.W«ri|ute'fertiliiy aJbeanly. ""^-'^^^r'^^^dtj ^\^^ 

rxsA nearly partflel one to tiie otben *":,■*''? ^'4^;^ Si. ^'^'^h? 

RuT«^^©iNSrt;.itodSt;A.A*«;'st<te«;?.^*^*'iM^„»*^^^ 

in tioe-OMiiionti '• .. .,. • ,, being one c.9jit«nned bed. jJaHed thft 

in snejiosiuoBS. ,..', Uvah Sands: About a mUefrotn Bean- 

Ba^ntAr^iAU^tiH Ki^ttii WjA*. iiJaris^heirtheseafofsirRbbeKlVilli- 

f^lH^ij t. ir -tLi^ ■ ' u 1 ams. bart: an4 not far from the «<Miire,' 

roDe«biib,15».,l«ianne... ■•■» • ' .t^pj, ji,e' smaU r^maffis of theWso 

^ ii Franci$|can Friars, foiinded Vy ttew^ 
elyn apiorw'etUi Prince of North Waics^^ 
otnctinw;' before 1240,' called IJanfaei, 



.1 
39 BEaMBt^OCT. ^ 4l 

or the Fri«r'*..3o triQing a portion of Was to Hoi,ViitAi^$. aid Ais^ «mt tt 
which remains, as to form only part of Aml#cb and the copper niiMt «( ^^■H'! 
the walli of a barn, [see page 3.] Mountm^. He afcetwanU i«p«Med tM 
Near this place, in the year 819.ji je- Menai stcaifi, at Bangor fcnfymnd ca- 
vere battle was fought between the teredupoBanexceUeatroadyOOOtimaoi- 
Welsh, and the Saxons under their lead- iog the most varied ao^- viajesd^ 
er Egbert, who had invaded the island landseapet, whick became^inore ex- 
and s^vcn it lt*s present name. They panded at he approached Caekkakvojc, 
t^ere however, afterwards dispossessed Mr.Wanier pursued a walk heoce, of 
ofitby Merfyn Frych, a Welsh prince, fire miles toite Cwpn, tbe seat of 
Two miles north of Friars is the prhrif Mr. Panton, through A coanorf rather 
qf Penma^tt, consisting of little more uninteresHng from it's ttfiifbmi flatnew 
than the rliinous refectory and part of and want 6f tre^s. The honae is s 
the. church. Near this place is a well, weU;>buUt brick mansion, etnbciMmied 
lurrqunded by a wall and stone seats, in woods, but the land anmndrndalatet 
tuktitf 2 entrances. On the walls are agreeably, and was in the year 179S, 
tome mitials. In the park of Sir Robert laying o«t ihto k range of dil^ecaified 
Williams, about a qua^rtcr of a mile dis- pleasure grounds, 
tapt, is an ancient cross, about 6 feet in ^^ ttoneiisn, 16 miiea, 



teight. The shaft is curiously oma- B*cktoC«fcniirvon,aOmifct, Biogtey. 

memed.-^Bitogley. Not a mile ToAm1wich,50niitet, winter, 

from the. shore iil Ynift Seiriol, Setriol't . Bttik to flaagor FerrHiouie, C*» ' Baai^l 

/Warn/, now called Pnettholme, There theiwc to CoMfy, over rvaoMeii mawr, H 

are on it the remains of a square tow- miles, v/rariamm, 

er, supposed to have been an ap^ur- ToC»enM«on,l7.niMeSf«kri^. 

tenancy to the monastery. This is- ^^^^-^j^^^^^.^^^^^^^^^^^^^n^^^ 
land from the beginning of April to the 

begimiihg of August, 'is inhabited by ^wm CicmtryoiN W niM», BW»?T. 

immense numbers of difTerent kinds of — 'TA^IiJadrlUS^Wnuli-m. 

sea-fowl, but particuUrly that rare spe- -ZlT^"^^^'^ ^^^* 

cies, called Puffin Auk, the ^/ca ^rc- „t'T' ^^ ! 'V • •« ^^ 

tka of Linnaeus, which are birds of pas- BEDDGELART, if a yiUageof Cao^ i 

sage that resort hither to propagate, narvonshire, snuated. in a bcauuful | 

On the west of Priestholme are three tract of meadows, at the junctoon « 

islands, each called Ynys Lugod, the ^^^ vales, near the conflux of the 

^ousehland. <pla« Lyn and the Colwytt, which 

Proceeding from Beaumaris towards flows through Nant Colwyn, a vale that 

Bangor, the mouth and harbour of leads to Caernarvon. It's situation wai 

Conwy first appears; then, the rock of the fittest in the world, says mr. Pav. 

Penmaen^bach, forming an abrupt shore, ^ant. to inspire religious inediteUon, a- 

which continues as far as the soaring midloftyroounuins, woods, aad mur- 

clifFsofPfiNi^AiN-MAWR, Overhuhgihg muring streams. The C.hurchwtiiialL 

the sc;i.' Approathing Bangor, the yet tbe.lofticst in Snowdk)in», The 

mountains recede, sloopiiig gently to east window consists of three Barrow 

the water, their lower parts peopled by ^** The roof is nea; ; and there yet 

almosta continued line of villages. twnains some very pretty irPt-work. 

- From BeaumarU; mr. Skrine pro- A sideehapel.issuppo/rtedby two neat 

ceeded to GwHdy, or half way house be- piWars,rand gothic archies. Thit^iiurck 
tween Bangor and H«lyhead, an inn,. Has been, conventual, belopgmg. to a 

near the centre of the island, which lie priory of Augu^me^ de^Ucatefio the 

made a principir station while he sur- Vifgnn; They^iyefeprqbabiy of t)i© class 

vcyed this district. "The face of the <5alled GiU>erUBcs,.6op«i8tm& of both 
country, '^sJys he, "Is uniformly ^n- menandwomen^iiving under ^l*e same 
iriteriestiog; being bitty without gran-- uoafi btttseparatedifeyaw*H,aiA:piecc 
db\ir.Md rocky without beauty j it has of ground near the churc^^ iscaHed Ddl 

thkt rugged and ill-cuUiv?ted aspect, y Llein fthe. meadow of the nun). No 
arising from poverty of soil aijd'scarci- ifcmnahf of tlie priory however exists, 
tytyf inhabitants; for village* are fare- ^oel Hebog (the hUl of] flight) nses to a 

ly distinguished, and the few houses, point in front of the village. Tra- 

which appear, mark the wretchedness *tion says,, that JLlewelyn the great, 

of their tenants." His first excursion "me to reside at Beddgelart during iht 



4t , B£DD<}CMRT. 44 

tlDdiifi)[pfr■s9n^'^ri8ll^^bf>««i^:8tMl i^ii" HAiunde, ter^ne ^nd mild. The sifence 
<Sre^^ .«i^, cUe tfay/theiBlitiif 1y»ii|^ al>- of ttie eronin^ was oaly imemipted by 
#^,awolCh3d'eoteTed-the6o(ase. On the murnltifitog of the brookV Which 
ivtamiiif/liM fr^lMHiiidi^cailled Kill- lulled tomeianCboly,aifdBoW and then 
.liart,.mst hhtt, liraggitfg hii tall; but cov- by the 'Shtin <cream of the night owl, 
eiied vntok. blood . Tbe prince hdtn^ »- flittikig b^ the. I huiig oVeir the 1>aitle- 
ktrmMytan'intp thcmirser^, and found meats of th^ bridge, liitenmg (o the 
tlie xkplAt ih^which the child had lain, hoarse fkH of the water down the wear^ 
oYortuRied^' and the 'groiitkl Covered and^watching,aithe,moonbecai^eihqre 
with bloods Imagining tbe'giteylioniiid el^Vatdd, thif decreasing ihaddWs of the 
had.k^led the child/ he immediately mbdntahiii I, at length, returned-after 
drew his tword and slew him, but on a mostdeligiitfiil ramble of nearly -two 
tanrid^Hi^ tbe'oratflr, he fouMl under henfirs/' 

it tfaexbUd aliv^, suid the- welf dead. ' In ascending to the summltiliT Svrbw- 
l^irtoaffbcted the princei* that he e- wm fnomtlii^ place, a ii^fghbdtrring 
lecied aplomb over his feiehftil dog'^s vale, halted iVas/OwyRtfti/; (the valeof 
giwtt, wh0t0t ' afierwaidt, ijte '^rish- the streafA ,^6 iHk$sed, wfaitiviS'by te' the 
dnirota was jbttilt, and called it^m thli m6st beaAt^l ofthe vam att)6j}g^ese 
^cideat^ Bedd Gilhart, or 'the ^i<aye of mevrntaihs'. - It is abdnt'eiiAlei long'. 
KilMtait^^i^:. nBeltteid »ie^ld public- atid affords a great vark^'er^dgtt', 
hoase; oppaiitera miU^ isaffinteresf- UtMealgM m<^d6ws. Tl^dv^db^dtti* 
tttg ¥irv; ooMlftinf^-tff a tcOetan dell, beHs is the dtily one wfaicR'in&y ^«aid' 
nrggedaerMkaMtafldriide'elxcl^aeenc^ toi^yal it; b«rt their chltfiiste^s^resW 
eto '^-Tlie iSfe In' suryeying 'this^^^asm^ diSereiit;^ th&t ihey cann^-^'^ifly^ftpri** 
ifirelieved;ilN>w'andihi^r'<^*pot« ef etyWct^mpfired. : 4^>Wfliik,^ 
ifa»liwe,> {Mtcheii of heath, tfiinly^scaif- boutHaif amile ap the viiley; i« 'a fbkf 
teced#hee|^aiidaiebeatt«tffi«diuf¥M^re #oGnd««lad VMc, ctMMDinak^Bm^k, 
of the nMMimain. Inthcw^stl annals tfi« foia^r Ambraifnis^ d^ M^iAEHi* 
tl»s«^ionr A Myled the Fofestef Sttow^- ry^^ m iiwitgitiaa who' wtk sent liSVia thir 
don. :. : >. -' t -^ V pldi^'Y«'brti<'Caer Mterdhlft [Clieriiiar- 

..TlMMils a.m«i9Mefeeie^ vdfiiKbrtaMe th^Mf?; I»y Vottigern, Whd^ai|^i1)|;bf 
imi a«tkis]>liicev dallied Beddg^lartHot^l. BHtaih ft(td 44>9 to 466'. It WM*!^ thit 
Tine Isolde to «he iniM«itain(i is Wm: plade that Vortigemi«tfre4'i'H«en he 
X.loy4; ithe ip^Ha^e schdol^Maiter, Virho fo«{AdlitiM6)f despised bv-ftis iui^ects, 
cbfw explains 'his 8UiiAneri'obctt|Mitioffi and iii^able to contend loiigetrii^th the 
in^ a bill/rMck upoa< ihe; ^M door, treacherous Saxons, whonili^hadjimro^ 
^.Wiiliamfc'Llbyd, conditctot 4o^Snot«^ duced into his kinf^m. -tl it^pi^able 
^n/ Mo)^? Hebeg; l>ifiM" Bm»ys; Llafit^ that this itf ^tilar rock afibi^edjiim a i^m«' 
beris9aBi^'thelak£Syiivatetf^lls>&c.&c: porairyyesidetttetillhe reAndt^ tdliis- 
CoUiectoroferyatalsand fessilsV'^andall final '>tietreat'i&' 'Kant Gwrtheyrn^ or 
Batnrid'>4:ti#iotitles,ki' these regions: Vor^^m's'triaiey, not far frbm' IVe^it, 
Sealer idiHitierfiiiewoollenhMeisOcks; in the prOmdfttory of LlyW. "Speed 

ffkfves, |e«.^ .' ' - > say ^,' that Vortigem married hiy owii 

' WhiAe- 1 was ^taying^At Beddgelart^ child by Rowena, daughter of.E^bngist^ 
«'says£»ir.Biiigley, f^T- found' myself t4ie Savon ^ri^ce, and Had1>y her^ on£ 
on^^ e>««oiiig almbsi dei^id M ^etfiploy- son. • A lUtle f urther^ in a^ chalth-' 

mentyS^dthemoonshOneBObeautifuli ing situatlo^^ is a pool catted I7vn y 
ly bri^^'that I was tenlpted tfo ramble Dimsfithe fool of the fort.) ' • Two 
a:lone as far as the'brWIgei' Thferenev^ miles beyottd'4s. Cum JJan, a rofnaultib 
er was a more chetmta^ evctftng; Th^ hoUow,¥Qnt£ng into the mountains ott 
scene was not clad in'it^late grand coil the right, towards SnOWdoh. Passing . 
ours, but now more delicately shaded on this tract a little way, another pool 
and arrayed in softer charmis< Tbedark^ appears, somewhat smaller, called xiyn 
ening sitiidows of tho rocks cast a gloom GwynanL Near the end of this Yale are 
around, and the fiaint rays in sOme placl two- enormous masses of rock } one of 
es faintly Teflected, g»ve to thi^ strain^ thetti^ias the appcarace of the gabet end 
i^geye, a very imperfiect glinrnpse- of o^ahouse. The vale here changes 
the surfaces it looked upon, i^il^ ill it*s name to Cxem DyU^ in which is a 
others; *ihe moon shot her silver light cataract called Hhamjir Gttm ii^K The 
through the boUows^ and brightly il- rivUlet which runs from the Alpine 
lumined the opposite rocks. AH was poolj lAjr\ Uwydaw, in the mou^itains 



43 BfiDDGILART 44 

above, Jiere br«ak» into foam^aod spiaf cannot be pnmti ^otatlow wiier^ . The 

do^vn the rugged rocks> whence itmot m^ii/cm roftdLlnHii F6nl Alwrglittlyii, 

intp.MynGw]rnanc-rBinglev« for neaiiy 7 milet^ it the nideat inag. 

..Qifi pr«B pift&^T ROAD TO ;^owi>oN, ioable. A newioad it focttiss haa 

the f pleasing vale of. CWny » it enieredi near thrtaiidge, to join that ,froaat Caes» 

At th^.dUuBce of little more than awo narvon to DolgeUeq, not Oaf fnHn Tan- 

mileS(^c tourist reaches tXx^ source of y-bwlch^- Fxomone veiy elevated tic- 

thefvi^er..A(y« y Cad^r. Qn the lefi is uacion enttit Toail it anwtt, Hrtightfai 

iMf».y..Dywarchfn,or the i.ake of the view .pf :thit mountaiiioia /cgHmtrf, 

Sod,icaleb<7it^ by Gyraldus for it't In;- Htrieeh and Criccietb eaitle«jMf both 

sulj^erratiCf^pr wandering island.. Hit: b<q teen* and the ehtiie pronioiitary of 

a piece of . landf conf isting of peat and Myo. ' '. ..... 

turf, torn off by some convulsion, and The leoAD roi>oi.wyoDtf«ik|c<^iiSTu 
rejcn^ining eoti^re by the thi^k entang- lies under the*tkictftof Snovdcm^ afton; 
ling roots wt^ich abound In thiAspeqies a valley %o the-Niuatiending the oourse 
ot soil. J((, ;s- of an irreguUr tMpe» a* ol the tame tivev which a. crosted at 
bout^^feqtlong. GyraldPf tays, ttiat PontAbeii^latttyn* ArUttle.w^y.from 
''it, is set jn, motion by tb^ wind to- ftpddfi^lwt it^a rude alpiae bridge 
waf d; t^jS Bhore,;and sometimes i^int throwsMtcrow the torrent to a^w^tsr-mill 
it^f native baA)c«; and cattle faav^ been on the other it^^ which, with.tlie neat 
surprised PP'Jt,]^ a contrary i4ie»aii4. chapei«,^b0Mt.;|ituikrteroi«Tipilelow- 
carri€^ ».shPI1l>H>yac« ffftw the sJnor^i" er down «he tti^iash fount a veiy pleas- 
Qn the f ig^f ^f >n tscent to .S|iqwdon, ing v«bw. ^Proceeding iiw<o. ttilet on the 
where -tlpi^ )3a«e extending tq a contidr r^ad, an immente cataract appears oo 
e^j^HtlVi^MU)^ presents a.trdckjie«s the le^, which btirstt out of tbc cloudy 
sfeefl fch^ .fi$9ne oilhers. The>Bons of sideoi arfeieep mouncain; pffcipitatfid 
Snowdoa M^l ' £&9«, .9nd Quieil C^ ffom rock t« vock« and, lastly » with one 
«fff,ia5i»^.ofl the rights white thfiwmers. bpund* felling imo.a deep gulf. Alit- 
of,||ipjbftai^ifjii;.akeofr<iiM;f%^fP{)et tip lunherj^foadpaltei lyy.the side 
ii^. lf||is|b>, ^.^i expj^nded on. t)K-)leit* of Lyn y dinat, a considerable lake en* 
The Hr^^d/Ue» close to itXroargm. on closed l|»y.h«g«umoimtaitt«... Afr^bcdis- 
xhp\^^jffi%id^. At the fegcji ipf the tfwce Qf.twio mitei, timber lake of 
la^(}t')^/t))^i$Ppo»ite sidev r^^es^per- spmewhai. larger dmipnaionttbati the 
P^r\4iQ\^\Ar\^,Qi 2L semicifcuMr.^hape, former occ»^ tUe shores of which are 
M(\eli Myny4isM<H9>r, /* J his:, lake," well-wpoded, .,Thc road here crottes 
5ay«5.mn<{tiy?flfl* '".i8.ncHe4rfofi»'We': the vall#j, :|nd ffom the ^ilaning of 
cip$.i^^(^^, (Saimo atpin^s; JUin.) il'sascomforfibove amile^lisraiOOiitin- 
cMlfl^ rTbfBJ^ Of vRed-rhpUy, ..fffu »di u^ j|criie«.pfi nMte* broken :*tepi^i veiy 
(pp^^^rly in:/-^ai» ^*rt>,'^Wd;in*^n\^/.of narrow and wiflding>: ascending the 
tjhe i^^j^ftjfiSwitzerlapd,) i and whoever s^eep. ^a^n of at Craggy mountain which 
jias^ .ttafimikd through«.f/fhe . Gri&Qns, gverlooks the lake, without. the slight- 
>v6u^ fro.w.the great iym]f^\KY of the est bari^er fiyeajt ,in. pkcet. where the 
ftc^neiyj, f/)>npeive .ihat.vhp/hftd been descent is exceedingly abrupt; yet 
w^jted^^frnagic to thavs^pi^e country, these mpugt^j^ous stairs are. atcended 
Tlic rp^d i.ufi( described -ift -not. URlilyO and descended) by wel&h.hQitet, A 
t^iat„fr9in rcnoble to Sus9n." A tract of boggy mountains, bare and des- 
little ttiiT^hQ; is ^ fine casc^^ fofiRved by plate, are nexj; tp be parsed ; the ma- 
i^iFni or Oivyrfqi mcx, T.u«iinii)g (rorn jesti^lprms of- the Snoiwdon mountains 
thejpke-^nto the valley, .^hijch now ex* are all which' can render this, dreary 
pands tp^line meadows. |n tlu$ vale is part of the cpuniry interesting. At about 
the. small vm»%eQi Betlw^ f^apnau. A.s: 6ini>^.4.from the last lake the trayellcr 
cending a* .extensive plguu . stri?Nk^ed ^Ul undoubtedly descry, with lively e* 
\vitli'many cottages, the idea of popu- motions,.thcruin»ofDQlwyddelati castle, 
Intion ispi^Sjcnted. About a mile ais* , The whole walk from Beddgdart to 
tantf. from Caernarvon I , the .Rhytbelli Harlech is a succession of .various 
is crtjssed, here assuming tlienan>o^of and pleasing scenery, by which the 
jS£iont;.over, a. stone bridge, buik by attention i« kept awake during every 
.by-Havfy Piwry. 4'- a timrt distance part of the journey. — ^Bingley. 
titailds the chMPchof IJun B^blic . . To C^kanarvpn, mr. Wyndham pas- 
Tlifi Wrpad to TAN-yawLCHi lies sed over. a rocky desert at the foot of 
partly pver the sands Tratith ]\iawri.and Snowdon, to the two lakes of Lhrych' 



45 BISHOP'S CASTLE, BRECON. 4^ 

xtelbfp^.QT Llyn. qrwysly.M -f'P"^ ^^'^ ^^® toVec of it'?, rural cji^iirc^ being 

brint^.^b^ i^gw'lal^^.it^injarlwble chaBacteri&ticaliy overgrown, with ivy>. 

precipice erecu it> rugg^4.P^rpehdic- About 3 mile* beyond, occurs the pic.- 

uiar^ tQ^an- amazing height,; ■ tor , ■ th9' in turesqdie v illage of hri}mfitld\ . and at ^a 

the i^eighfipurhood of Snowdon, it is short distance* the elegant seat Qf Dqw,- 

called. Mu^lfdd mawr (the great nniounr ager lady CI i y^» placejd. ,w ith ^ojisiderr 

tain).. . A.p»ciure^yip >ya(s^r-(all qccurs able effect', aponthe ^umnai^^f a well 

near the roiU of Llyn cy wysly.n, which wooded -eminence, risin'jj ;atjr>iptiyireiii 

descends under a small stone .bfidge, the b^ks„of the Jeme. (j^^^ Lu^o:^) 

ba€l^^.by;Mypydd,M^wr. , . About two mile*. up tljecuf.reijt..Qf,tljp 

to the titomk of Snow<k>n, «.«««, and river is' /ow/iton. ,Ca*//c,tl)e nj^ioft.<>f 

bwk'jmtir 5 cli«icctoHiMi|AbM|ls»Uy.n. 4 the ingenious Richard Payne ^^Sluiglxt, 

nilet, Bin«l«9,. ;'i. .. esq^. {sqe LudlQ.wl ,. 

:rr Snoj«don.and back^ thence to polwydd- _ am^imiUrt, WyndhMi... .. u ki > • - 

-'C«rnatl6n,12«iiilef.E^nS.; ;;; ^ -^ - — - -.~- - <;*'>^--*«r^^ ; 

— 'inbwHon, Warner. :','*"^ .^ l^roA'At^h^TCtiny, 20 miles, S«rbef.'". ' '' 
*-' tiVjimsif vort throiigrr tiettti* 'Oittttoti, 13 . -i— i. Merthy* -tydvil, iS^At^ M4ttin. ^ ' * 

mileW'^tridhafm/ '> ' .' -— ^ Ll4wio«Wf,^ 80 nkiies, ***!»; SkriTOV, 

•^ UflhlMM^overWfWdoh, ItflmllflL : SM. Visit. > -" • ki ' } 

— «aD>4bei|M9n«doi>>M> PemifWySlMPiBe. -^^iefidchowici, l^ntlesy-WOTntrr «kin». 

- BuaUtr I5milef, VVyud|»fB4, \ , ■-.., 
FrMDM^t({t>vierr,'9 miles. . -r - BRECON or fiRECKNO^K, Is^e- 
-^.ttinntthtof, <4P mita; w^tsdh^iM lightfolly situated upon a g«btle «w«U 
BiSiHWS^ castle; in Shto^Kire, above the tJsk» overiookiims' a fertile 
is a small market^ town dn th« fivdr highiy-cnltivaEed vaiiey,ei1h>N*)led W$^ 
Citin J yet an' anc Writ Corporaitioft, ahd numerous seats, and etirichett \^ w&vet' 
sends twbnnembtrs to' patliai^^nt. It's al sylvan knolte. It is goV^nWby a 
Oastle was fortnerly the reiidcriCe of baihffarid 15 aWermen, atvrf^fe^hds one 
it*s bishops^ wheiice it was named, ^ut member t<) paHiament. Oh-^t*e sidi; 
there is'.hrt rertmarit of it listing. The of the town; beneath the m«[i'^*?it? haiig^- 
Town-house is a neat simctupe. There ing gro^'es ofr'the Priory, the iftipettf- 
it little'jto attract the notice of tourists ous Honddy loMly muniiliWi andti* 
at this placel Mri Wyndham has treat- nites wrth the Usk", at a shbrc' dfsta^lSj 
cd it With ttfeglect, and 6th'er travellers beyond it's- haitdsome? bridge^. '♦-'''•» 
have don6 the same. The ac(^6tnmo- This- coiinty-town consists' W'thifeb 



dations ai'lhe Castle Inn, are Of theT>est handsdihe st^efcts, in the ^host'sj^aJHous 

kind.'! ' ' ' • "^ ol which StafidslHe Townihall andttar- 

miles is *tinc(ven,'d»iSpihg 7^V<^ "^'vell- elev; 

ivoodedvallies, affording: cursory Views it's c 

of farmef^i habitations lurking' ahiong tie, I 



TH^'ii<^X^'ro Lut)LoVfdr <h^ first 1 kct-place. !rfformiViscoh^J^adt,afedit*s 
miles is *unc(ven,'d»iSpihg 7^id well- elev^tio^ above ihe Usk cortttibutes to 
. - :...' '^' . ' '^ clbahlihess. The magnifjcenr Cai- 

, built by Bernard deNewmarch^, In 
the trfees. ' At the distance of '4 hiiles the'rtfgnof Wilham Rufus, sianilrh^ in 
from Bish<^]j:^*iCaitle i the village 6(Bas thi Suburbs, and isolated by th<i fiver, 
/orrf-gaie, curiously scattered in a dingle, is now curtailed to aveiy insignfficiiiit 
2J miles further occurs the ^Village of ruin; and that little is so chb^k^d lip 
yewton H' heUe»ton, On advancing to 'and disfigured with miserable'habita- 
the cross roads, where an obelisk is e- tions, as to exhibit no token of it's ari- 
rected, inscribed with' the distances of cierit'grandcur. Thiscastlewasbesieg- 
townsman excellent inri has been' re- edby Llewellyn, in 12f53, but not taken. 
. centTy hulU by lord draven,, for the Some-broken wallsanda solitary tow- 
accomiliddatioh of the public. ' liear er compose it's remains. There 

this. plate is S/Arf^m dw/<r, the' pVpperty are three Churches, the most consid- 
of T. F. Baxter, esq. of Ludldw. ' At a erable of which is St. David's, a grand 
short distaijce on the right is -S'MeYVsf/c. cruciform buildin|, ^OO feet in length 
At a bridge over the Ony is the village by 60 in width, and4?asan rmbatilcd 
of Sieperstde, where, on the left," the tower'90 feet high, rising from the cen- 
the pleasing and retired situaVion of tre of ihc build»r.g. Acloistci- extends 
Cmlftir^ strikes the travcllcfc attention ; from the charch to the Priory^tiontc. * 



>^7 BRECOK. « 

Tbejnott fascinatinK atti:action of the ant. To skirt the lake aU found, is 
46wn is it's delightml walks ; the one near the "brink as possiB)^- tiikes in s 
traced on the margin of the noble Usk ; compass of about T milei; nor nnrill tlie 
theother,ralledthe'Prit)rywJdk,alux. votary of rtetked and peacefnl scenci 
'uriant grove impendent over the btawl- be content with much less . It is ea- 
ing Honddy. The town, built on tirely shut in by precipttimis MaomHatw, 

the site of a roman station, was origin- except to the ti. TtUgitpk H6ut* and the 
ally, called Aber Ronddy. It was cAuirA qf JCianj^tftCy Cat y Uyn, are sitnat- 
atrongly wa!led^ and had four gates, ed almost «t the edge of the water n 
Thepnncipalremnahtsofthefortiiica- the southern extremity. The lira 
tidris'are to be ieeii by the waterside, Lunwy passes through the lake to the 
■Wh^e the view is very romantic. Wye without iaixiag U'a watcra. The 

I'hti-lowh'andtieighbourhoofl are much £th' of tfie fiver- are boI foiind an the 
inhabited by gentry of esisy foiitune. lake, nor those of the lake 4n tHe river. 
The modern built houses are fiamerous. At a shprt distance, ri^ar the ^eafi of the 
The markets ase well, but not cheaply, Uuhw^; ate the ruinsof at;<£y^, which 
supplied* .The principal trade here it was the b^i^;iial ^es^a||fnc;e ot IPetcr 
hat-;ii4kiqj|. '^M^^^^^^n&f.^'^y* Fitzhcrbert. " ' Ufouarfjlfr^d, ia.dis. 

orP«ijiifnV<^if *vwN^'«*»*in^*»nt •'^i'WWitocdiW ib stone piUir ^^boyC-sii 
PDt)»,«-tli«B.of Abe lo?vii^whii:h from feet high, on which is ai| iqsciaytioB 
the quickness of it's aKent, and point- notioed .rbiy Cawd<tn». TtterluaveUer 
ednek^ of «it^rsnmmU, beark^^:i»intature -MWreBaiot tbe< taniipilie^taaii^ and 
resemblAhte to Cader Idfii, as-seen comes at once upon the bwlchor pan 
from Dolgelleu.-^Wyndf)am. • which ftjibhs to a magnific^^ skui ei- 

. AJ^oviXTffileti^J} ttie.road o Hi|xi- tensive range- of ao^asflfi ndnrevaiied 
'fo^Jiylh^^idyMfOisthi th^ priocips^ with'Wdivd^; tewns^ apd the .tnaj«stic 
.ao^lalmostcmlyfiQaturepfwiiickisa^igJ^ eili»!f«(ijiop -of;. C^ier.Ari/im g^,jf0jmkk 
round tPH^ar. upon aji.iMrt>iic|al moun^. Dfm», m,froig^ <f T^)fi^sp9i|ic^aDMa 
T^Av, f^iinOAll populous town OQ this this bwJchijil pecuivjclysMr^kuur'.. The 
,roady aft i^Ih^' extremity of the principal- I>uke, pi Beauforx's l^illa, gtsui4^ wood- 
.1^, osmtpi/f* an emiaeoce i^ea^ the ed,.%m the screen on ^ f'^ti .^n the 
banks, of the Wye, and was jfor^erly lefit, the Uttle vi&Uey of %}|^>^(^ Ons 
.^paced wuh aiine castle^.whicjh is now -0«» stretching up ip a lai^c^trHke di^ 
rpduc^d toja.few broken walls. Ciif- rectipn from tlje larger vale, is liopnded 
/vrd, 3^ mile or two further, on tt»e up- by the mountains aboveibV i^p of the 
.per-road^ still exhibits the, majestic re- valliey- The front, it occiip^ed l>y.oiie 
mains of it's castlOi crowning a bold of the mos(, considerable ipciuii^io&ui 
hiU w^i\^ towers above the riyer, re- Brecknock, in^poiDt.ofhei^hjt and gran- 
noyi^nuedjforbeing the birth- placepf the deur, distiofui&hed t>y t^j? apjpeUatioo 
lovely but frail /yn'r Ifm^tnomL of Jirtkur*t eluur. It is dark add cloudjr 

fitf DiBKCT jTuaNPiKf dQ,AD TO in i^'s aspect ; while th/e Cjopf^puity of 
CucKnowEi. passes i^on^h 9^[ fine t^^ ^rpgrouod is finely bioiep &y ap 
countiy; but the Brecknock capal.for abrupt hill $t;arting up, witti \he road 
aome miles injures the cffec^. Thje winding roMpd it ifter the Kh&^esceni 
traveljer oif taste and curiosity, will de- of tqe>w.lcK- T'he v^U^ge ot J^fnUegarf 
]fiat^ to ph/^_ left. At the distance of 3 lies in the Mtom ; l^djuf ^.bejiHid, Tn- 
7ml!^f,is the village of ZiflinaiAang*'/ To/- (ower, ruins add iheir^ mould&mg gran- 
,|f%n>' (Contiguous toa.lake, from which deur to liie other a^racJioi^Q^ the scene. 
* it's name is derived. The road. beyond After having passed PehWare» and 
changesinto green sward, between two sf retched along the sideofft^e be.fore- 
l>edges. An opening presents inipr^s- mentioned ,hi)I, a bridge, qlose ^y ai few 
sively this grand expanse of water, cajl- bouses called Pontpr^hhi^n^^ carries you 
ed Utfn Lavotkan, asylvan foreground over a little brook, rui^nipg fron) St. 
con^buting i^*s chastised pleasures to Michael, C>vm Dii to the iJsk,. Which 
the contemplative scene. Ixiappiroach- here renews it's intercourse with the 
ing the lake on the western side, you traveller, after having swept roitnd the 
are obliged to cross the river Lunwy, the' Extended. base of the bwlch at a 
which issues from it's northern extrenv considerable distance. And hej^ }i 1$ 
ity, and bends dmyn it's eastern bank that the XJsk begins to' assume' those 
to the village of tJcrH^rs, The walk riper charms, and that more matronly 
to I4ynsavaddon isTcfn&rkably pl^as- importance, which characterize it's 



^Uerand|noi;fin;^0$tic course tlHoufi) The mdj «o hMf'MhOr^fytm^ 
MohtitdCUhsliire. It it now, to theun- Llandov^ m taerm|raea«mr^^^ji|p 
spe^kabte' relief of the instructed' eye« highly pictur^^ue an^in'othQr rei^^^ 
po longer attendect "by it's starqh com- interesting. For several miles it. tjr^^iw . 
panfon, the canal; Tlie banks of the erses an undulating district enlivqnei 
rivet 6n both sides from this bridg^e tp by the Usk ; which no^^ .approa9hiiig| 
CFickKower ire more than ordinsirily it*s source in the Tr«a*^/^ Hi//*,' asii^npiei 
beautiful. S^eve,ral gpntlcinaw*a,8pat»i aU.theinipetiipsityQrampuntaint6ir,r^rH, 
b f eiegant appearance, line the ban^ks oii TKijec ihiles f rpni Br^pn,Penpo«/,,grj[C7 
ieach side.' . Those of the most taste Qii fes tbfe borders of tiie stream ; &nd oo, ^ 
the south are 'Ghnunk^ b^lpngiiig to Wr. left of the r<o»^,'X^lf^ff^'^^?^^%^^^^ 
Frederic r and Uk^toc Place, the.s^^t ^|;^ar tjie tfiflip^^ Mfjjijains rfj^fj^'/fffy 
cTf Admiral Geir Both tbe<e are rec^ nock Castle, . Trfcdfil^^ ^10 Wifci fr|)j?j 
pmniended't^^ natural beauty, a^4 the Brecon; a small vHlapr^^ ^,ut' posspss^pg 
judicious ajpphcation^of art, Dm^-Birkj ?[ good irin, is depfiyferf of evefy .VQ^^igjp ' 
below Cri"cmioweJ,,;it'the easte^i;.ex; of it's aiicie^t foundatiph, ; %o;n tji^ 
trenAity of t^e. coni^ty. belphj^s 19 ai| U fe<^.^ the ro^O, wjncjs for 9 ;nil^p tg 
ton ipaster of Llanelly, W contaiof ttANDovwlr, m a d<?ej) fertile valfe|j 
ho iiiatked character of picturesque afr between the 'rnqiintaVni, q^Xtpi Cw^ 
tr^.tion,X?e9..p7 T.1,, Returning frow^ p»r,i^r6ipantic>a^s 
IJ^aity-papl^l b^,ii^ southed side of t^ \yA^^}f^ and dotted with nuroero^i . 



thikJMg^^^;)t^^ ip. ah, advanugeoj^ beighti.. ^AHpov^Rv ^i a snwJ) 

and in^rpjfin^ view o.f tlan)|;atqc-i4ace^ irregular tpwn, nprly encompassed^^ 

and the bridfp/i^lfTsaiwf a^jj^WofT^ rjv^eti^ and .9i9jy* worth no^ce'tQ tJ^ 

.^e iaqdiscf B§^ Th|eruiip,;q\'Cr^icj^tiQWfy {>if ^«jeM|}e ):«^^^^ 

el castle .ii|j|X|pO|, means e*te/>siv^^ ,^ ins qf irs^yy-iiiapt^pd cfastle. ,The ip^ 

viewed at a.jdist?Mw:e; . bu^ it forps. a» iift'erwardl,,ypn;^ini^e$. tp, Llandilp joafj 

objiect oXsfjnj^eiritereJstoii the agpi^qaph^ hi^h.' tejra^^ drMmentejf on thfB.'i:^;h^ 

from the towynoanding site of |he ^kj^p^ by thq jjroye.s pj Titliaris'znd ^5^ar« 

tUIallunS 




Northward frpni Brecpn, the rbad b^u^of it's stream •— J. 1 
passet«ter-^aA>TtiptHiccessionpfhiils Frpm Brfcpn, to)r. ^&Ikinmadf an 
and hollpws, .i\ear theimpatieniHon- lExct7asioNjTp'vi$jtTHK'vALB'oF Tawy^ 
ddy, whlch'is seeb'tp extend fpf several till, thinks >t. might )>e, mnre cpfiY,eni- 
miles thrpugh a wild romantic valley* ently e^plbrea frprn'Trecastle dpw'n-. 
On leaving the lively rivulet*s devious wards* or up from Swansea* The ioii 
course, theTbad traverses an extensive lowing is an' abridged account from thk 
hilly tracu irofii the • fummits of which minjite. ^d ingehiquji wp terl A . yiil 
a grand expansivevalley, digiii^d^¥ith ^'^e at the mouth of the small rivej: Xity 
the sinoou^Wyv; bursts upon tiie'view, kc^, where it falls into the Usk, is e%- 
in a long centiaujUice of varied sceofry. live;je^. by tb^' vipinity of Abemk^ 
The town tijjF M U4I<i,t». occupies : » sp«»t (^^rli . On a niing grpvjnd* is a rpn^ajj 
on the p0thernv>«i side of the ya^i ip.anjp,commandiriga vi6w offthevale 
pverhawing the |»Jttde of welch ri?!ei:s; between BrecVnopk and Trecasti^', 
and beyond it'^io^sposiie hilly boundaipi^ $omepart of the enclosing wall remains, 
a majestic outline. of disUnt mwintauif ahd the foiindauoh is entire, A quar- 
{lescribes .<h9 horizon. A pictwresqmt ter of a mile ftotn this place, on the 
cascade, ruf^ng. through a portal of causeway, is what Camden and other; 
rocks and woods to Uie left of tbir HPftd* have denominated the Maidejutonc; Ik 
must not be , passed unnpticed ; . it «e- is believed tp represent a man and 
icurs within a niUe of Buallt, aod aftfflr woman. JUampyddid is a village on 
crossing "Sh^ road beneath it's bridce» the south side ofth^ Usk, with a small 
Ihe stream unites with the Wye. It .was neat church, surrounded withvenera-. 
on the banks of this fiver, but furthet ble yews. At a short distance the Brean 
northward, where the decisive liactle joins the tJsk; where the spacious 
was fought between the ghUantlies^ell- lawns and extensive plantations of /V/t- 
yn, the last prince pf Wales, and Ihe pont adorn the bardets of the larger riv.> 
forces of Edward l . Ter. Jberc(unlg$^ is a place well adapts 



S\ BRAgIEND. 55 

b'Jfea'p^Ubippjiie'apa^digttifeed fife. thcVanyand gaihingaic stunmltoft 

The' CizstU of Djsvyriniick tf in a ^tate cJF Chain of wild hill*, gradually descender 

fcoi«;derable Jfecay. On^apprAaching ToMERTHva Tydvil. 
Xrecaitle, the VoUer features of nature I o Abergavenny, mr. Evans visuec 

^Ve'iVay lotliefudevasthcssof^nioun, I^ynkh Ueni^y or iader Artkar, [sec 

ttrtf6ii$ akrict,', " Tfi^ £</a<fA* iw/w/ifMh, page 48.] In a clear day, liie* Malvm 

^weringabov((^the village, is a leading hills, Oloucesler, trisic't and parts o: 

object in tliis un tameable scene. Thw Devon and Cornwall rtiay be seen iron: 

""'""*' " " ' itJsk this eminence. Langor'y Pool [s« 



, ., . 4fic} Abergavenny] P^smg*';he towns ai 
... Jwheiaefi* 'retower [see ibid 1 and Crick hovsci 

th^liiihcjt. , In front yl ii.e inn, the l«ee ibid.] hd lunjed aside to view uje 
slreof tfid easily m^y.b^ distinguished, tdm;s 6t Llanihony Abbey. .! see ibid.] 
btlt all it*s honours' are Uid low, \ eyon j **hv'nc'<ft to Sky rid t^axef, 6i St Michaei'i 
iftthe small village of X.'yujp//. Oh cross- holy Mount, a i^markable rent or 
ing the Bl^ck mountaiji in a sbuUienj chasm. In the parish of twmjoif, ai 
Blr^ctifiK :trom Tr6ea&tre;;.the asceiii Singulai' moijntain, whosekides iiavea: 
\^y^yi ^^Z* ahd the [ ch'afacter of ,^ dilfereni times detachCd larg^ tra^meDS 
iftoqhtain'impresses thd 'mind with tire* Ifbm them, feaving. a' perpendicuiar 
sohi'e uniform i ly 'j *bu'i • tUe 'desc enf m\q tti'tf or nearly auo Icet Jiigi^. ifaastng ik 
the Vile VSf 1uiioiJl^\y'iin^mt\^ lieaui tele Sl^ynd,;thet6wlioi Ab^rgavenuT 
tf^. This "vale" sljj)JTiies . scattered Vrenxtred. <■ ••'-••- 

whit'ecoita^eSjdeposiiior'i^'soi lime, and ' Frbra Bre^on^onWiiwiijf'To Buillt, 
me villages' C^ajie/TWajeii and'Vyw^/i- Wr. Skrine '^mthXed a narroW'^-windiog 
jijt{ The gVeapesl ^vfffcrAv of this ex- valley, witn' So we Wood-'attd cultiva- 
traofdinafy neighbourhcioJ is the drib- ftoti', and apAiroaclliiigtait/^iiiarfoc, the 
MM /wn?-rocA, w'htcb'is reared t^ ahlmi U'kf'W mr! Powell, ihk sceUery became 
weAse height.;^ Of(tfi^ehmg,th^ nior^ diyerwhed attd' (lliSti-ious ; still 

of the vale,'tiie sidiidiisj river assu'me's winding along the virtiey;by the side of 
Vferjr'charinmgUatuiesl*^' 't'lie Confipisfi if s fi.ttle rivlilei, at lengifa reached the 
d^sc'elif tb /;«r)?«oyaf{^ by^'^^ toiiU ;wh;th lorm u's boundary. Ha?- 

i's';fomaWtically 6y^rKUhg:; WKei^e a iwg ^i-ossed these by ah abrupt descent, 
view frotn ihtj'^-dodeii bfidge is un* hfJ reached Buallu • 
con^mbnly bejutiliil, particularly by ''Toi,4;m, i5uiiies,B«biri Skrine- War 
htodhlight. ' TnetiJ'.'i^.aii'irtcommoMi- " ne^ **"""»• #«pfr,.siKHi^, War- 
QUS public house; jusrby\ ThepresJjnt •V'Ci-i^lchow^el.Uinilei j^iilkm; wyiidh«. 
head ot the Sjjyapsea canal is at th'is — Abergavenny, aOjpilei. J. Evaifs. 
pl^6fe. , 'At Chtipet CoetbrSfi, ^tweeq " *" ^fcrdjyr7')idvil,i8Ui(l^ Sknac. 
Utehnoyadd and" Ystra'dveli it atfe the re- ij:^ ' ^ ^ * ' ^ _ J J-'i!. 
m^mij 01 a romarf road. .. ^ ... . ■ , . . v ^^ 

• Pr6tn Brecon,' nSy. Sknne made ari ' '"?* Cowbrtdfe, 8 miles, »(«^r. 

txchrsion or afeoUt 5 mVles to '/ ^rn/tow^; ' ^^^ '""»*? n^ Wallcto. 

fb'e apprdacin^a's >^ry grar^^. 'B^d /-— *'^^n»y'*'">'y. 3wte..'gv.B.. 
neath the sl)rekdih'g'w6ttas andl^Wn^ * ^S^^A'^k-NDisasttagllingiitUetown 
df the dom jiih,"apoti ah eie^^atlop ^bo>^e *" Olainorgan«iare,b«fitt Sptth the oppos- 
thctiver^tands (he respectable mansion "*8 ^^nks ot tne river Ogmote. 
of the Williartis'. '1 he house .s spaciou? ' hewtuaiion ot iSetdeaUie, wtucfa forms 
aiid irregular, but ifi local beaut'es ^'I^wof iindgend, is bold, ihecburch- 
and accompaniment*,' give it a title to ^^^ oommaiids a fine pn^pect ot the 
distinction among the seats ot this part wounding country. 1 here ivan ex- 
of 'Wales, '^./iie views," says mr. tensive woollen manutactory carried on 
?krine, *' throughoiit all his cliarmihg ^^^ belonging to Messrs Wyndham 
territory, are wondeHully str. king, nor a»d Tranklyn. Wool is bombed by 
are those Irom the house less beautiful; Caltwnght's machines, 'and worsted 
and the whole is kept in that perfect »P»«» *>y Uiose ot Arkwright. Onehun- 
oTder which indicates a wise and zeal- drcd people, chiefly children, areem- 
oas administration ih the present wid^ ployed. Ttie intention of the propric- 
owed possessor/' After returning '?'* ** somewhat frhstf ated by a perver- 

nearly to the entrance of Brecon, mr. **'y ^^ ^^^ natives, which induces them 
Skrine resumed his tour, passing *^ P'O^r indolence and want, to labour 
Ihpough a dreary valley at the .foot of ^^^ sufficiency, Dr, I^ce, a mao 



5& 



•fa plMid»femrie, ailA virttifbus llTe^ 
tvito weo^ ontbeiUdst ittiporUiit^tttb' 
jects, m a t tyle ol luitfifidoi limpli^y; 
'nrat bomni^r ihis ptace. '- 

Thetis wLUntnueiU Ihroug hCb^ 
cAwrci and Lbdiharttt, ToToitY, iilta& 

. ToKewtdk, the Offmo^enver mtrvlie 
pucsoedj andihe h%4rteild of Newtdfi 
Down readUKl ;.*^5tvhenc« are the'WKi^t 
«xientive and delifbtfut virws^: "khe 
rich vale of>01amof^n^flanl£ed by mt 
biack mountaiDS and dther britisti iApii 
cb the iomhy^ihe cdsl^ft of Soitierset 



im$mt. 54 

tlte'r>£aaieaf8ll ^»tf aft* 18 jpariilt 
Ckcifelkte { ahd dl3fent«#a^ all denom^ 
iuatidkis; Amoiljjf the pisish churchet; 
that of St. Maty KeddtfiT, i» accounted 
one of the finest in the khigdom. fit 
tliia4chu#eh, bcttid^i two monumen'tt 
d'tAm iouifdOF, IA9ifltiatn Gannings, who 
bad been filve^iines may of, there it ont 
Qi^p William ^tmty 4athet' lo the fam- 
ousiqusikcr. ' i h^x^kd ^idge over tbfe 
A«oa^connfttedi»t'<4 broad* arches, wic)k 
hodset on both tides, like those former^ 
lylon l.ottdon«bridge; .bnt thit hat beeil 
laHeD dow«, and ;i«)oihcr etected in tt^ 



and Devon, with the opening chanael plade^;' I'he ttrdettam, ihany of theihi; 



loiing iaelf in the ditiant ocean. 

'ToCpify,9ilktlM,Barber: 

'^ ibdnrtv^-fwus^.^S riiiles, Miukin. 

7. , Uu Btvbtr,r 



~ lu. 



^=C!f^" 



2? ^:tl^^ \^tAxm « iwi city.- '■ 



nartowv but here 'are tome beautiftil 
aquadat, and the hew 'parts- ot the towk 
aore^legant; chef atc^built much in ibi^ 
tame style at tticAe ^t Bath. Like it iaa6 
the^jure extended, ^Mge above rangei 
tiiicctiey have nearly beached the tum^ 
micof the loiey ' hi^lL Against which tfai 
(i![loiicester tide- o^ the city %taBt!t; 
l^^ueen't^quare'^' it iarger than aitf 



...BRI$X01.4ttiippasdto have been tqoare in Londttn^-rtxeept Linooln^il 
founded by thft'Sj|9iontit0Mrardsthe«loii tmi-fieldt, and has^ in the' centra aa^ 
of the tixttr. oenforyu 3 At pTCB^t.{t^ ri- quettrian ttatue o^' WiUtam'S. All Hkd 



Vfrlt inexteotf! svteaiiii^ and popuiatiwi; 
altnott every> otliercit^inrthekingdottCi 
It't conmercd^xteAds to the remdicEtt 
paru of the u>orld,;dnid:it's hoinp aad« 
pacUfittUrly'^iinectt^with the inhaMc^ 
antt of SoiuhMfaldb >Thttcity foraH«4y 
atood in thft county al Sottieriet>} bitt 
by.an eatentioa-of 4indding, on the^ofit 
poti te tideof the nv«t,.itoccupiet a wt 
of GlovbCfistershife..' Sy. an act «^(tb^ 
legitlatnre. it wat^atadC'tt conttltdtea 
;i^parate coiuity ^ and scad two repteseo*' 



Oflkea ot thitcityrdtnarA^'tire, and^& 
parc:ot the>walh4 the «^t W^re raiteff idL 
(he.Yeign 6f William 2. Of the Hotpit 
taityvche. pi^ndpal are j U Q* l&lixabeth't ^ 
ID ^wiitch^- lt)0 boy ^ ar& e^glit readKtijf; 
sirncing, arithiMtti?c,\ and )Kavigatioii/; 
they >are put oot^Spprenticet with pr^ 
dnumt. 9fi C olsi<dn's 1S6s^if$d ; in whicH 
4:0&boyft are matutafn^d tOf^ years, afifl 
^u^ht and appventfcad. d. Another, 
touadfed itso by iMr /Colston, in ](*91; 
for« 32 unegi and 'l* i«<6Yheh, with an al- 
tativet* It had ancittqtly a, cattie, btitlt lowance of dt per we^kaad 24 sackt tff 



by Robert eavijoiif Glotcistter, natUrti 
ton ta.Hent7,l:^iM^h>was.deinobthed 
by Cromwell:; :aind . tiargtound.it no«^ 
occujpied by'.itreeta; '.The corpocatipn 
cqnsituof a nuiyior; vecorderr and. 1 8 
aldermen, ai who^thccecoEdttcitoiie.; 
jtwo sherifft ; and S& common cohidcit 



boais in the yeaf .* ' '^,' A holier toaBdl^d 
patnly by mr. Colttoninld partly by the 
iiuBfChaiitt,'inwhiclil8)b{6b, on account 
of the mefohatitt^ and X S'men and wom- 
cn^on accbunt of m-- €6l6ton,aremaiin^ 
tained. 5, an -'InlirMary, which was 
epehed iQ 1736, ft)r:^lid'tick, lame^ 



men. The recorder it generally a seri- and distressed poor,' it'^lrviaintaiVied^iBj^ 
jeantat lawyandtiu at judge Inatlcrim^ subtariptihn, bcsidet 5000V bequeathed 
inal cautes. Brittoi it: a bithop't- «ee» tolt by John £ldridge,'ebqo formerly 
being one of the.tix«repted-by Henry comptrolier of the customt-at thit portl 
S.ouc.of the sppilt of the monasteriet. TheneitaUoaBridewellv^veralAlih^* 
The Cathedral church wai the church hoUnes, and Chanty:«choo1t; a Gbild* 
of the abbey . of- St. Auttin in 3ritcolv hall, for the tetsiont and- a$tiz6t $ thd 
founded by Robert Fitzharding, sou to mayors and sheriff 't Courts ; a Coun>» 
a king of Denmark, once a citizen here, cil-house, where the mayor and alder* 
and filled by him with canons regular, men meet daily, -tbadminster justice fa 
in 1148. To thit Cathedral belongt'a handsome modern Exchange, with 3 eti- 
bishop, a dean, an archdeacon, a. Chan* trances, ajbont'two thirds as lar^e at that 
cellor, six pi«bendaries,.and other in* aMondon; and a Qviay half a mile in 
lerlor officers, and servants. Besides length, the most commodions in Ei^* 



with the e^stei of »eyffr«) kinti»fffiiiid pUo^thfr? ar*e 4tm9K ctixMng sc 
|U III )Vinch-«ar«f| is |i f qaii4-)knwr» al miles, whnt^llw compavf rufeotot lor 
Ifirith >aTracK» for s(4dierf . Tke Tisde eien^is^^wbiciiattiffliksaayfitiCYi^ws; 
^ this city was coinp«tol« maof )r««» ># ihie KipgwtNM}» with the fttti|M Jrt an. 
^Q^ to be much grenter .im fvoparttpn^ chor, the mouth of the Severn, and the 
especially to Amcriflfi Apd the Weat pnuitMos of Wal9<* ■ A sprigs* vrfaicb 
ladies thao that of l49i»tlop. Fifty sail* gufhta out of a fock oAlh» side of the 
•omeofthem»hip§of^nsideniblefa«r* Avoo^ supplies the coid bath, 
^eau have airived here searty ak one - .^. Ffpffurt mcH are telebnCad §ot 
iiroeiffom i)^W9sx Indies. The lacgcst pivdociug a cryilallized ifoartz^ which 
^ip#aredi8fha^^d||tH«ii8mad,4mileft is -employed in faraiag trinkets of ». 
^Qw the city , and ihe goods aiebronght ferigr value. These rocka pvodoee the 
fp^quayby Jighteoi.. ForbuiJriing^ Unibiaftricu, i^etttushelianthotoum, 
mmPS>mt»fKirepniriRg.$hipstheraa» the sedum daivffhfUiwv a. nipestic. 
jfo^ks, yards fopeHwalk«» fce. Briatol and other planu.. On the hiich nad 
^ «09ie coD»iden4)i)e woollen jhanW opposite ^waUot. Leigh aixlK CU6im 
iiffati^. The GJassthPtttea aren» Downs; m rocks.yJHPl^py^liaiic the 
nf|)Ws,(DrWhtc^l^;nfiwoodaaiMen^ the Avon, are tbe^ vestiies of |wo 
^ fufnish the eof Is. ..The city dottu cables. ' ^^ 
f^i^.a9eU^;Ti».:nier«hantadyentar* _.,^i^owXh9UwMgpp^een^Wt\UoM)ki 

en»eich9iH K^iHvs,. mercera^ •sonpt' Bat^:^|apf^;ice<^I^IF«Hk^,i»4nid 
evstoba€C9nistiibiU€hcrf,bacbe^ manufactury, of pins and other whss 
nit> MWa 9r. Aed-men, sfaeJB^ mbetkyhf-tifidtikwmfS^BkignBit, aasin- 
Jj^ajf^fxjh^ft^n, iMisers* smithl. '. For hmi^f haatfa^inebidingSOO^Idmk ^ 
fiWI^ng. tl)ff Ciit^f' wiih water, therp - . On quitting Bnitol m- a atoop #«t 
Ip^fi.PQbUgcoiidmta; hackney coecktt ^wiuHsaji, thft.Mfettarfcable aeenerf ef 
fPsiybQ.biredi and atage coaches nmlii StoVpteentsfmh aiiestathe atteotiun 
fivery dirQctis>n>. Hetti i*a Thealie, to of>theiraTeIier. - A bolder pasrthan is 
tg.whichthe<i9n^niComed«anaeQiafft hMe ^neaented.ean.'rtnel^ be found: 
'during ihe reeest . In winter,, tfaitte as 6M «me side, a hmgeraekriset itt naked 
an asseruhjy J^yery, Thwimiav. .A gMal pti^^p perpenfficolaflf ftbsn the nr- 
il^fcctinth9««nfirueiionofsledge^u#4 mv' to the hecgbi of sevefnl hnadred 
Ifdintheoty.fTomanopinioqrthaLcains Jlfet^.ithe immtawe surface n tinted 
pd w;iggo!n«.WQ!«hlendinger the bnaldl. .mri^ the Tariottft.hnenof gref , led, and 
}n&, ^rijc^a thQ,nPin4«l|Bvery thiahii^ yieUow, and diversified by a few patch* 
ob^erv^. To' ^^y.'B^hiosdf tJ»e)iaio^ cwf'SbfubSyatatsandcicepingUclienr. 
iipn ofi pledges which: it very grent,::si> A tange of rotks, isqaal in magnitude 
n« to bq a )padpf'tli»9i»eWes, Ihe. hossei hut'b^ less pretipitiona ascieiity clothed 
^JMs^fuUwHh.M^aotafe* i The>ttiad laritb^ck wiMfbrest^tccsamriunder. 
t^ffrse jetther oominuaUgrJraiatts the^foant kreiad, forms the- opposite 1>ottndary of 
part of the sledge^, lot .the fMe.horaesf the. rivbr, attempetoig the menacing 
by drawing, prcpi^.hinj aintwUiXo. the asiiect of impdhdeut diffs ' with the 
STfHipd-. ThQhw^slMi^Af the hind hoise Mfierf features of sylvan hilh. Ttie 
i( i^y tiiis vopnw .'mip\vf9i^\^, .lyhich gnadenrof theriverfshank dimintah^ 
mighlt b^entijselyi obviated bgr a4iffie|h eb'>tilk>near the Avon's junction wini 
enti^ffln9tF«clf<i'V^h*cli^: . : •; th» Severn; when. ^the commanding 

'^_fiiriM fViflkrAmile below the^city^ hetghtofliCti?^sw«iio»'Ai^ adorned with 
Si^^fi .^y ^^f riy^K i^i t^ hot' well; < iTo ginvtts> lawns and plantations pF Lord 
(llU'tliere is agreat resoKt inthe sumnMnr« JpKIRilrd'a park; rises conspicuoust^r «»<* 
0if.inv4.idsaaw.eUai oiSher. company ; inem, and engages a parting infietett. 
for whvso K^f^mmodation and. enter* On entering the Severn, an expansive 
f^ipmeni ;hfire ii a pnmp«CQpm* ball*- Jtstuary appears, and so fat a noMe oh- 
tfiom, coffee-room s with, taverns, eie* ject; but deriving linte importance 
g^nt lodging-houses, upon a level with fnm it's shores, -which, except in the 
the well; and 9^bove>,i6 the deliglit* neighbourhood 6f^ttjtf,are a mere un^ 
ful village of Cliffyfnf wJKicb is situated dulationoficoxn-fieldsand pastures. The 
pn ,the brow of a hilU The pervading di^lay of cultivation^ tho" gratifying, is 
neauiess of this village, the elegance certainly inferior in picturesque merit 
oj ji's buildings, and it's bold and tothegrand features of cUfiRi and moun* 



57 BRlW©»l*tt»v. ; is 

FembrokeshiMy^tutd'the weiCern «^«^ ■ ^•^•^'yikr^', Tihfles, Wyndham^ Da»l 
of Waks.; Ttie^aaiiee <i^ SuunuSH Biif - vio j Kvanr; Skrine ; W&rii^. ; ) 

Ufin6l^oicicd0iwi(htii«hVM'iedhilhi Kftirtdk ftk^y, in Gla^99iS^ 
onthe4ftft wtw©.fitfid«tediock<call- ^i^e, rendered lateiesting chwfly lif 
cd die MitmkUs^^M^MbMf dwwncc tWe. domain o£ 16rd ^manvwiiop^ ex- 
from the mjutt land, where the whiten- tfcnsive plaiitat;iQas spread over »eveial 
cd towg ofp,$xt^HoiiTti appears iMu^ bold hilU wenward of the Neath^rivc**, 
iiig from th^ w^r, beneath a loftv a stream which here emerges in a fine, 
dark hilt At the bottom of the bay, ,^eep betweea high Woody banks, 
thb .fup^hdr exUM€4 Swansea hnef partly broken into naked clifis. and at a: 
t^e s&oie« genefan^lMcKed by an at- g^o^it distance unites with the sea. 
mespheic of.cloudy t^pours, produced "Front a delightful shady walk iropeiw 
horn ^a^ioua . fornacei m it's neigh- dent over the stream, we branched off," 
bqiiihood. Of me Bumerous vesseb saysMr.Barbef,"imoan*'aUeygTeen^" 
whKk «»* from Bristol to Swansea, ^liich led us up a steep hill, covered 
iiotone.u£tte<ifor ]^seftgeTS.*-J, T. with large tree* and tongled nndef^ 
^^^jjjf *" ' A ■ %T '» f ' ' wood: the ascent was judiciously tiac^ 

fr^^^.l^*^J«^B^rTS^ 4d, Where several barecragsproiectin^ 
irom U{fioa>acros« XAirtfom iJown, The ft6ni the soil, formed an opposite coiw 
landscapes oii.thtf route are diversified ^^^ ^^ the luxuriant vcrdutc which 
audnch. Biatze CitUe occupies a cen- prevailed around On gaining the stmi:: 
tpiciiohs poiiit te the left of the turn- ^i^^ jbe charms of 3ritton-ferry dis^ 
pike road. A few ««ies beyond occur closed themselves ifl " an ample the- 
Aefatllevatoges4*f ^*il6iif3f andH^a. ^tre of Sylvan grace," of more flWK 
W surrounded by hifehly cultivated common beauty j beyond which the 
*"ji*-_j . , At-r '■ M Bristol channel, bounded by the aeriaT 

MiUEwanstook a boat at Clifton and jjnt of it's opposite coast, formed thd 
proceeded down the river; m which disunce. From thU roaming ptospeev 
^^^ ???*?!, 'V*S*"c"'"^^.«^"o**: however, the eye gladly returned u^ 
lag called Gwje'^^y,- SeaMtlU^aent repose on the local beauties of the scCney 
f/Lor^detUf^rd, Or^erne PiU,^jmzll j^e tufted knoll, thedark gUde, and the 
village inhabited by pilou and fisher- .najestic river. In returning, we pass- 
men. At thcharhouror small bay of ^^ the mapsion, a very ojdinaiy build-r 
hmgsrof, shH>s outward or bj>mcward j^g^ [m^^ ^^^ ' « The hoi&e i« 
bound find safe anchorage, while Wait- fow. having two Wings wit^ attic win-' 
ipg lor wihd to go up the chamrCl or j^ws in the roof, ornamented with a: 
sufficient.water to 8^ ^P ^^^ BristbU balustradedparapet.l but paused on the 
Each crfUiese points of land ire 4efcnd. „eat simplicity of the vUlage chuich 
edwiAfortt,aneof four bras* 32 poun- idjoiiiing, and it's well-ordered ceme- 
4crs,iMuntedu{Km double swivc^^^^ tery,. which, for picturesque and moiai 
rUge^ A small bare rock IS j^sed interest, are unrivalled. The custom of 
called jthe lUnnfi. ^At the passage planting ever-greens over the graves of 
caUed the Snoati, the sea becomes Jeparted friends, and bedecking ihew 
rough, and the noise of »»ipetuour ^j^^ ^„^g„ ^ cerMiin seasons of Uief 
wavca i^tttcndmg^wiUi opposing eb- ^^ j, j,ere attended to with pecuJiar 
stMfci. discover th^to^bfe occasioned care, and to this pleasing tribute of 
by two ree^ of rocks mnning alntost affection, characteriiic ofVales,Shake- 
across, leaving only a «^^5S?«$tei snpar refers withi e^iuisite tendemen. 

tor the vessels to pass« These rdck* aW a with fairest (lowers, wbUe aummer testa, 

bare atlow, aadcoveredai bi^jh, warftpj. ill sD^cctcrf tliy sad grave: thou shalt not lack 

AtWf ebb or half flood, th^ibesttiike* tk«flowjrt*h«i .like thy face. palcPttmrwei 

for pacing, the whole body of the «s* the aturdrHarcbcU. like thy vcina; no^Bor 

toary rashes between them Wtth i^hto-^ tM leaf 6f tglantme, whom not to slander 

Reri^rn.*^'?"^ impetuoiityi- xTir;;^;/^!^^'^^ m it-sdu 

i^cv. j.jivans. mature, that myrtlerff magnolias, and'. 

To Bwaoiea, by Water, Barbtr. ^>tbei; tender exotics, «r6w lusuriaatly ' 

-the NewPaansc'* 12 mi»c«i Donovan; ii, the open ain 

*^'*"*' On the road to M AJtDitM intervenes 

^-^^^^^^^-^^-^^^J^-^^^-^. the delightful sdSnery aboot Raolah^ 



59l WYM GWYH^ €0 

auidtliiedirt7liU{etowqof4<A«f8Poii,oii iunrUrmg ftieoik fitfci^psi^e'is ctp' 
the bsdiksdf tb^ Avon. Tho' it'« coi>- cuiMaibed witb the 1110M vaceful ca- 
per and tin worlds jui4 00 cbarmi to the actneM, and Fiora'a p^ «^ taught to 
verdant fertility oftbUpan of thecoun- thrive viriihiB the neatMCkMpnres." 
txf, yet it is oroahiented with lyncma Xo Manaam T mikt, Maliin; Bttbcr; Dob- 
Houae and leveral gentlemen's seats and , avom ; cvsm { SkriK ^ Winicr. 
pleasing knolls; but the '^ mtgbty hill of <^ Mmum^ 5 mikt* Wyodfank 
liargam*' rises grandly, entirely shad- ,^.,^-v^-,<^n^^^,^v^^^^»*,^v>*^^^^ 

SJp^'fumSiL"'"' '"""'*''' "'*'^'*^'' FromC.ernsr.on,. pl^lfpn«. 
. The carriage road to Bridgend is ncay BRYN G WYN, wr Rnyal Cmmn, is 
the coast, but there is a grand nde over Anglesea. is a dcuidie rensata, lying 
the mooniains by Uangonoifd, near ^wo miles from ibf Mimai, an4 one v. 
which village is an old cromlech. of the road which kada fiom Abcnae- 

* ' These is a pleasant walk across the nai feny to NewborMigh. • On tbin apoc 
sands at low water, to the terry, over stood th« court o4 justice for <wii and 
«ie Neath river. This route lies by a revisions purposes. Heic too, was a 
shorter way than the main road to prmcfipal place of worship. Their tern* 
SwAirsBA, and is preterred by some as pie was^acircW pf upright stoaea, the 
avoiding the offensive works upon the diaoiet^r oH whichus ^ yarda^ The 
voad beyond Neath. ignorant country people soffwaing 

< The road to Nbatr lic^ along Cwm money, was bid wider them^ recently 
ITadd, or the vate of Neath. The wind- toreUieaa up. His father susfmaiBg 
logs of a navigable river, through a valQ t^ Mr. Floyd, the praynetor, aufiercd 
emboaomedoo each side by low swe(:p-' it. Some of them are scattered ; two 
ing hills with some trees fcanered in a spmdaboHt 9^ yards s, of the cisde, 
verdant boctomreudertbisrtrackpleasing. and are 4 yards asunder. One of them. 
Two miles loither the vale greatly en- Vfbic^ is j|<&leet by 1, exclusive of what 
lasges,andeafaibtr&iihetovtnof Neaib, remains in the earthy stands upright 
with Mher interesting; objects. iinotC aiid torms. tUp gaUe end of the«house 
(see Swansea] standr on the brow of a whicl\ occupies this place. The o^her 
inely wooded eminence, which com- i^^ly the saqie size» is also ccect^ and 
mands an amazing prpspect. There is fortes a fence for the garden* About 
a cascade at this place not unworthy of 400 yards west is an accessible rock^ 5 
notice; botmuch interior to one at Me- yai^ds high» by the river Bceint, (chic* 
tin Cooit. [sed Swansea.] On this or royal rivet) called the Asinmauur't 
nraie, mr. Warner passed through the SUfnt, , l liis royal river is only a bsook, 
SDiall viUage of Raglan^ a place of the' over^hich a person might skip. 
■Mst romantic beamy. ' ^bout 400 yards north of Bryn Gwyn is 

In the woods of Vertton Park; mr.Ev- ir<V JUnat Baak^ot Castle o€ the ies- 
aosfbandsalviaverbenica.orobussylvaw ser drvid. This is now a meadov^ of 
ticnsy eielanpyrum syfvaticum, sani- liaUjkuacre. The spot is surrounded 
cnla emopceay hypcri<:um pukhrum, u^ithj^haakSO feet bcoad in t^ base, 
hypericom andr6s«mum, astragalus and 12 high, composed of stones, like 
nolensis, and on the shorcf, arenaria t^e of the carnedd, and earth, pro- 
peploidea^aaisolakalr,cryngium mariti- qviscuously mixed. I here are no traces 
anmu cheaopodinm mantimum, and qfafossyuor the reaming of a buildiag-. 
cfaeiidnnium glaoeium. ' To thb' s. • About the same distance, mote north-' 

of the park; embosomed' in a native wavds^ dbwn< in- & perfect swamp, is 
grove, Stands the vmall heat church of Tr«V Ihr^w, or Druid'a town; but at 
l i a ntt m rnL This is, without ej(cep*> present wft^hcMtone bouse, in which is 
tion,"i^si|ir.]|y^n«, the most desira» a<k.encampment:caUedCc«r-/#.». Here 
lile cenietery I ever beheld. -Inclosed sto^ the >palai?e of the Atcb £ktitd. 
aoat'to prevent the tude tre^^ W«U X\H)ifollowing description of thivpbre 
al or nnhalk^«d ifeet, and undisturb- is ^y: Mr.'Huttoii- f' It consists of 7 
ed by the p]tenatur9 intrusion Of the nti- acres, with several entrenchments, one 
ieelmg sezton*i Iftw costly drnamlents within another, all in a square form, in 
bedeck thin tioly elegant depository of crossin^^vhich.l first approached a Toss, 
the dead; but plain stones, wirb neat in^ 4reet wide,joiningamoundof the same 
scripticma* nsark the Interment o( depar- width. Th^ follows aplain of 1 1 yards, 
ted worth J or bespeak the afl'cction of wliicli brought me to a trench of 5^<^s. . 



*his;x]ay Mtryant skipped over, but I,^ «teep declivity. .This, town wa* fpr- 
lavVng ti^it'the activity of youth^ skip- merly of sorfle tl&iBquence; but ai^ 
»ed in. J Theh followed a bank ofthe j^resent has the app'earaiice of paverty 
ame dimensions, and l>o^ in' a bolder iihd delapidatioii/ tlie Castle o^ this 
tyle. Immediately occurred ariptheir place is nearly extinct 5 the site of the 
OSS of 7 yards, and a bank of the same keep is all tb^t if 'd.sceroal!>le of it's 
lim^nsions, both more eleVated, whicl;^ former existence^ having been burnt 
or a moment impeded our progress, downiii I6D0/ Just above Buall^ 

There is generally, some water' in the the IrvOn joins the W;je. I't is a very 
litches. 'The banks are four ieet hiil?,* romantlf riv^r, and in it's vale is fitut 
I liow arrived at t^ centre, a plain flat ated jtMfnvurtyd, Where is a much value^ 
jf one acre, rather elevated, and per- medicinal well. It was in the neighr 
fectly dry. On this spot once stood the bourhood of buallt, between' the Wye 
Arch Uniid*s palacie which united th^ Arid it's tributary stream' the Irvon, thai 
F>owers of Sr. James's and Lambeth, the tambriiirf warriors ibade their last 
Not the least traces of any! building rei stand tor independence. The bray^ 
main. .Here we. contcniplate, witli 4 Llewelyn,'aftWa trankient yictory, at 
sigh, the! sppt of Jthe grandest pritisii the ibot ot SiHowdon, led his troops to 
church, now a, Silent bog, impis&able, thisfpo^itiOri,'N^^hete ihdy were^itucked- 
disregarded, and unprolitable. 6n the »nd de'teated by the enghsb torce^^ 
larthcr side oV ih<2 bonification V. only ^lile Ucyy^tyn, unarmed, w^ em- 
one bankj, whjch/is 8 yards oyi^^ and 4 |iloyed ma conference with some chief* 
ditcli of ten,, deep m proportion. talins, in a valley hot far distant. He 

At SQ/yard^ distance from the. plot heard the event from the cries of hji 
xyhefe tjie palace stood, is a broad cir- ?y^n^ army. He made an effort to re^ 
ciilarbank^tenyardsindiameLer,whicb join liis men, but the spear of his ene- 
surrounds a hollow of not more th^ my spared n|nr the anguish of witness- 
three. Here 1 found myself surroundr Jnff ^^ ruin of' his country's liberties, 
cd with water, which, in endeavour- Edwards conduct respecting 'the treat- 
ing tt) escape, I again jumped in, Ivisr meniofthe body of this prince, royal like 
ed this place Sep. 1, 1800,Vvhen all th^ himself, of a hneage more ancient ^nd 
trenches were dry. Tan Ben 1/ noble, who boldly fell in asserting the 

CV//1 h the ruins of a building, thirty rights of his country and inheritiuice, 
yards long, and twenty broad, which bas affixed a blot upon his.meti\ory, 
lies upon a knob of earth about 20 yds. which neither his well regulated appbi- 
aboye the fortification, which surrounds tion, nor all the "splendour of his victor*- 
the brjild's palace, called by Rowland »©«» can gloss over, or efface from th^ 
and tradition,. "The remainder of . the P^E^ oi ^history. — Barber. 
British houscs.'f These stones are tlie While at Buallt, mr. Skrine made ak 
only ruins on the whole premises, and ixcvisiqw »o LiIanimiindod Welks, 
lie in contusion. Having prveyed th^ about "I miles distant. He- found the 
Arch 1 ruid*s'rO|al repository, I. left wwd difficult to trace, and. arduous 
the ptaceVsmd rose th^ hiU,,'givihg in^ny to travel; At length, in the midst o| a 
aiookbacjt at this; venerable spo^ qT wild common,.they saw some scatter- 
antiquity, once, perhaps the first in ed bo»tcsHf»e»»h» springs, which ap- 
Great Britain,;laii^>Vrived at the plei^- .peafto.l^ve gained s^coosideiable share 
ant village oi Bryfi Siancjfn;, whencje o^ ja»t reputation. After his recurs^ 
•1 engaged a kacksmith, who spoke be punned the vttlky of the Wey, 
English, to conduct me tQ Ljanidan.'*. wbic|ilead*to.tbc h^tUsqf IMmtf/riffd, 

Jja^jMidai^V^iiC l^ouovn • '/ ^ ^ w^hi^^ w'sal^ tQ possess siinilar quaH- 

T^ ' T y. :' ' . , , , 'd.j^ ^*^* y^^^^ those at^Uan^nndodi, and *- 

^^^-^-^^-^^-^-^-^^•^^^^^^^ Uk'e diflScuU of apciess ai^4 destitute of 

i;rpro,BreCTm/)a.ittl}es» Bar^;. sii^nij ^ccomwiodaiipnf.,, .Hence he returned 

Warper...,, ' '' ' ,' ' ." ' ' " ..'"i^ .back T^. If i^|ip«yiRY by a different 

— J- Hay, 15 nifw, Malkln. „.''!" TOVter^ufnipg^iiif cbuirsf^ towards Caec 

— L tOandrfndqd, 7 mites, Wyn(!haib. . "■ '^iganshire. ' \ ■' Oami.Skrine's 2d* 

— * Raanor, 14 milfes,^kritfe'. QA vfeH. yisii toBualU, from Radnor, he took ?i 

TheunimprovetiltownofBUAt.LTin CareweU view of tJiie^ charming, vicio- 

firej^ltnockshire^ sitnatcd on the' "Wye, agepf t^s place, fropi it's brflgc and 

"consists chieijy of two par^lel st^eu, the, mount of it's <»stle,and thenprpr 

bmlt in riidfe tcrr^itcs op the. side of .^ ceeded doWA^tUe delig^htful banks i# 



63. 

tMe Wye, to the IJiy, through a con- 
tinued succession ofnoSJe scenery, i^ 
Which Some gei^d^cn's seats make a' 
^iiting^uished appearance. 

.The COURSE OF THE WYI TO KhAY- 

ADER is a romantic stage, and prefera- 
ble (o every other route, when the trav- 
eller is confined to a single Visit, From 
the handsome tnridgje of six arches at 
Blialit, Uanetwedd Blouse torna a well 
dressed dbject. After a mile's walk 
ne:\r the lianks of the river, it becomes 
confined, rapid, and mi^estic. From 
(his i^lace the road bends a little to the 
fight, quitting the Wye for a dreary 
Common, 3 or 3 miles in extent, termin* 
ftling at //Aon Bridge, the rest of the 
Journey to Rhayader becomes extreme- 
ly picturesque, various, and interestingj 
It IS continued near the Wye, in all it's 
tlVistings and deviations. Perhaps the 
fnost engaging scene in this stretch of 
country is about a mile from Rhayaderf 
^t the confluence of the Ciarwen with 
the Wye.— Malkin. " We had not 

proceeded more than a mile, on the left, 
oefore the scenery of the Wye became 
loo interesting to be passed with tran- 
sient observation j we therefore threw 
burselves upon it's eastern bank, under 
the shade of a friendly aspen tree, to 
contemplate it's beauties at leisure. 
At this spot the view is particularly 
striking." — ^Warner. 

To Brecknock the road lies over a 
long, lonesome^ and boggy mountain, 
whence tlie descent is into a pleasing 
valley, with a good turnpike-road. 

, — To Rhayader, 17 milesi Barber j WarMr. 

-<- Brecon, 15 mil^ WyoUhaou 
■ — Llandovery, from LIanwr)yd WcUlfSknne. 

— Hay, 15 miles, Skrine'a 52d visit. 

Back to ^ay, 15 miles, Malkin. 



From Dolgelleof 6 taXl^f AlklA { fiv^ni; Bid^- 
toy. : 
lfach7oUetli»i90miHs,W.anMr«. c; 

CADERIDRtS. An ftxctjusioj* to 

CADERlDRIS,FROM,BoLCELLtV,Chiefly 

from mn A. Aikiri's Tour. The day 
being proittising, wfe" itt off after break- 
fast to examine this mountain. * A small 
lake, cznedUynngd^etfixei aboutamil^ 
?nd a half on the hi^h-road to "toHvyij^ 
-which having arr^ed af, lyeqcTifted the 
road and began our ascent. In thisiak^ 
1< found' the lobelia do'ftmaima, naK 
thecium ossifragum, th6 elegant Nym- 
phaea Idtea, and aftomatit? l^ymphaei 
aflba. W)ien we had i^jfmouhted ^ the 



CAoiR IDRlS. 



14 

ejrterior ridge, we d^cca<fcd ^ little ta 
a deep clear lake, which, is. kej^ con- 
stantly full by the numerous tril>uiary 
torrents which fall down the f unround- 
ing rocks. Hence we climbe<) a second 
and still higher chain, up a steep bu 
fi'ot difficult track, over numerous frag- 
fnents of rock, detached froni the high- 
er parts : we now came to a secondLMd 
more elevated lake, called (^n jr Cac, 
Clear as glass, and oyerlooked by steep 
cliffs. In suet) a manner as to resemblt 
the crater of a volcano, of which a most 
accurate representation may be seen ia 
Wilson's excellent view of Cader Idris. 
Some .travellers have mentioned the 
^nding lava ind other volcanic produc- 
tions here; on a strict examipatioe, 
however, we were .unable to discover 
any thing Of the kind, nor did the w^ 
ter of the lake appear to differ in an; 
respeei! frort the purest rpck water, 
tho' it was tried repeatedly with the 
hiost delicate chemical tests. A clear, 
loud, and distinct echo, repeats every 
shout which is made near the lake. 
tlcte also grows the narthecium ossi- 
fragum, and on the surrounding rocks, 
irumex digynus, rhodiola rosea, thalic- 
truni minus, t. aipinum, lycopodium 
selagonoides, and 1. clavatum. The wa- 
ters of this lake cover an extent of fifty 
dcres, abounding with trout and other 
fish. We now began our last and most 
difficult ascent up the summit of Cader 
Idris itself. The loose columnar stones, 
lie about in all directions, assuming in 
many places so regular. an appearance, 
that they might be mistaken for druidic 
remains ; some of therh stand erect, 
like Maert hirion, and ohels dignified 
With the title Uech Idris. Kear^Sr the 
Summit, numerous masses of irregular 
figUi-ei present thefn selves. Having 
gained this ascent, a stfiail plain forms 
the base, to two eminences or rocky 
heads, of nearly eq>ial height, one lying 
towards th^c.north,^ called Tyrrem Motor ; 
the other; 10 the south, Called Pen y Ga^ 
der. We made cfhbice'of th^ latcer, 
which appeared the.mo8t^elevdted» and 
seated ourselves upon it's higiiest pin- 
wafdtr, to rest, after a liborious ascent of 
three hours. We^were now above ail 
the g;mnenc.es wmVin a vast expanse, 
and/^ the cioHds gradually cleared a- 
'lY^^f ^^^5^>^ *o"^6 grand views^p^the 
surwu^^ding country. The huge ^^s» 
whiiqh we before looked ^p to with as- 
tonishment^ were now far below our 
feet, And many a small lake appeared in 



65 CADER IpRlS, (56 

• tfae'iral!ies bifetxv'eett theni. To the m. tion ^nd inclpdinjj the Arrans 2HE)d tjie 
> Snowddn and ifs dependencies shut up Are'nAig3. It is much loftier ao4 nH>re 

tlic idjincjon thew. wesawthewhole craggy. than the slate aixd segoudafy 

ctervfe'^f the bay of Cardigan, bounded mountains which surround it. 

at a great dlktiihee by the 'Qaernarvon The JPvants lound tpward the top of 
'fnoHHitsHni, and' nearer, da'shmg it's Cad£r,areaira caespijLq.sa,,fe&tucaoffi- 
'*wi)tfe brealceVs against the rocky coast na, f. dunuscula, poa aipina, U<:, 

of, Merioneth. The soiuhern bori^^n These plants are foi^qd bpr^^ a3 ^n ^ 
-was* bounded by^'Plinlimmon,' the bay' «uchsiLuations,in their viyiparou? statue. 

• of ' ^SN^anseic, the channel, peeping In other parts grow, the «a:p|raga hyp- 
through' the opeiiings of t^e Brecon noides^ s. stellar^s, sphagnum a^- 

• moQilcains; and, 6n th^ E.'tbe eye glan- num, rhodiola rosea, and vaccinium vi- 
Ctd'ovtr the lake of Ba)a, the two A- tisiJ^a, in abundance ; gnaphaliumdio- 
Tetini^ mojihtaiiis, the ' two Arrans, icum, ptpris crispa, pinguicula vulgaris, 

■ and theion^ chain of 'the Ferwyn moun- sedum telephiu^n, s. rupestre, lycopy- 
tains, t6 the Breddin hills on' thfe' con- dium stJagsJt. campanula rotundifolia, 
'fin^ of ^t)fopshire. lMmiy» ^n thedis- c var^, juogermanpia alpina, j. ju)»- 
'Cant h<)HzinY, yf2s beheld the Wirekio, cea, jungeripannia minium^, lichen pfi$- 
rwtnj^ aibn'e from the pfiain of Salop, chalis, 1, fragiUs,. with qther €^^m, 
Havmg satisfied out cufidsity, and be- .and the ^arbutus aXpioa* M^scen.ding 
-in^ thoroughly chiUed byth^ Ice^n air to polgeUe through pwlch doch, at.U's 
ofth(escelevatedVegion4,:tfr;e began to foot grows tbc polytrick^n^ aipinviili> 
descend .'dQwh the side oj^po&ite to that and p^ unigerum^ i^nd on loose stones 
•Which lye bad come up. The first stagie down a rough, and rubbly road, the U- 
led us to'^anotheir'beai^tiful mountain chen centrilugus. ^ - .. 

lake, th'fcold cleanyiiterk of wh^ch dis- The^Qllpwipg Extracts are frpm mr. 
charge their superabundance in a stream Bingley's excvy-sioo. "I stopped,*' 
tlbwh the side of the tt)ountain. All says he, *^ at the Blue lion, a small pub- 
these lakes abound with trout, and in lie house, a lutle beyond the pool of 
some is found the gwyniad, a fish pe- the three grains, and enquiring wbat 
culiar to rocky alpine lakes. Follow- they could give me to dinner, fou^d ^ 
ing the course of the stream, we came Dr. Johnson did at Glenc;lg,..ifi the 
upon theedge of the craggy cliiffs which Highlands of Scotland, that, "of the 
overlook Taiyllyn lake; a long and dif- provisions, the negative catalogue was 
fieult descent conducted us, at last, to very copious,*' Here was no fleshrmeat, 
the borders of 7'a/^%/t, where we en* except bad bacon ; no eggSrno wine^ 
tered the Dolgelleu road. The moun- do spirits. I, however, obliged by i^eccs- 
tain of Cader Idris, in height the second sity, contented myself with what thoy 
in Wales, rises on the sea-shore, close could give me, bread and butter, and 
upon the northern side of the estuary new ale- Kdward Jones, the n)an who 
of the small river Disynwy, about .a Kves at this house, ip the w inter teacbr 
mile from Towyn. It proceeds with e8 a small school, and during the sum- 
:|Imost a constant ascent, prst north- mer season performs the o3v:e of g^ide 
wards for s^out 3 miles j then, for 10 hence to the summit of Qader I^ris» 
miles further, runs ene„ giving out This house being situated by the road 
from it's summit a branch nearly thrCQ side, immediately beneath Qadec Idrif, 
miles long, in a sbuth westerly direc- is a very coavenient place for travels 
Hon, parallel to the m^^in ridge.. It is lers coming from Machynlleth to Qol- 
▼ery steep and craggy on every side;, gelleu, from whijch.to ascend that mo«a- 
but the Southern descent, especially to lairt. ^ They may, if it be not incon^ 
thcbordercrf TMfyllynlake, isthe'most^ yeniept, on accov\nt.of canriagea or 
precipitous, being nearly perpendicu- hprse^s,, go over the /sun>jiii& Of the 
isr:. It's breadth bears but a small pro- mountain and down the qther sid^to 
portioi^ to it*« length ; a line passing a- PolgeUeu in pearly as short, a^pltce of 
lonpit'stoasfe and 'intersecting the sum- tinie as it would rpquire to descend 
niit/^duld stfarcely equal fo\jr mile^ again to. this place-. At the -time I 
*Ad abalfj, and in the other parts.it if a, came here, it rained most violently ; so 
rtWte ridge, whose base hardly ever ex- that bad as the. house was, . l,,dctcr^ 
c«ed*-otteniife' In breadth. 'Cader Tdris'^ mined to remain all night, ia hopes 
18 thcPbegi'nnlng of a chai'n'df priniitive. that the morning might be clearer, and 
motmteins," extending in a nke. dircc- permit mc to go up the mountain. TIhj, 
4 



61 CAD£& 

mora proving finer, I determined to 
' venture, and take the chance of the 
weather. . Being provided with such 
things as the house afforded, bread, 
cheese and ale, we set out on our 
expedition, at nine. Since there 

had been so much rain, the guide took 
me along the side of a rivulet which 
runs fronri one of the hollows above, 
doWn the side of the mountain, to see 
a small cataract, formed by it's falling 

* down the face of a steep rock. The 
torrent, swelled by rains, foamed along 

- it's channel, and came down in a white 
afid thrice broken sheet. This altogeth- 

- er was very small, but extremely pretty. 

A little above this I saw another 
Cascade on the same stream, smaller 
and more contracted than the last. The 

• water was a little broken towards the 
. t<^, but it fell down an almost perpen- 
dicular rock about eight yards in height. 
' This little cataract would have appear- 
ed trifling, had it not been ornamented 
by three large oaks, the branches of 
which, while they almost concealed the 
istream, added greatly to it's beauty. 
Inow crossed this mountain rivulet, and 

-went along the side of it fpr a little way, 
entertained in many places by the little 
cascades formed in it's descent, among 
the abraptrockh wliich lay in it's course. 
After a while 1 catne to a hollow, con- 
■ taining the dismal waters of Uyn y Cae, 
(the inclosed pool) from the w. side of 
which rises an immense black and pre- 
<:ipiton8 rock, called Cratg y Cac, cast- 
ing a gloomy shade on every thing 
below it. It's sullen and majestic 
front was only enlivened with patch. 
es of the moss saxifrage, and a few 
goatSMjf pure white, which were skip- 
ping carelessly along it's dangerous 
vteeps. From it's spiry points and 
' deep precipices, it has assumed' an ap* 
|)earance not much unlike the age-worn 
front of an ancient cathedral. The 
whole of the scene, from near the edge 
of 'the pool, is truly picturesque and 
^and. ■ While 1 was gazing at 

the rock, a smart shower of rain came 
on, $,nd after it was over I was enter- 
tained with a phenomenon, novel to 
ftie,''but 'not uncommon afmoog' the 
mountains. Tlie clouds were on a 
sudden whirled aroUnd the top, and ap- 
parently confined within the hollow ; 
the motion was continued for some 
tirne, ai^d then remaining still for a 
while, they were again sent found with 
^Considerable vJ^lpcity. 1 can only ac- 



IPRIS, «S 

count £qc tlMi» by , W|9Wi^:<kem so 
dense, that resting below /i&e.opper 
edge, the wind ia passing, qtct,, gave 
them this routory roocion, Tlie«lott4s 
now rote above the iiiottnuina» Mad the 
highest peak of Cader Idrit yi^M aiout 
clouded. I ascended by Bwiek if Cae lo 
the summit, which is called Pes jr Cs- 
der (the head of the teat); thia»;like 
that of Snowdon« is conical, and oovei- 
ed for some distance with small looie 
stones. I eootinued here enveloped m 
mist for more than half an houT» when 
the mountain became perfectly cleared 
for about ten minutes. I had then a 
view, if not more extensiye* yet if aay 
thing, more varied, than that fton 
Snowdon. On ooa aide, I obaecved, 
that the mountain was broken iitto an 
abrupt and deep precipice, at the bot- 
tom of which lodged a small lake. Ca- 
der Idris has three hi^pointi» UaeoMtf 
lofty called Pen y Coder} the next is 
height, Mynyd4 JMoel; and the third, 
CnugyCae, The ascent it much ear 
ierthan up Snowdon; and I am confi- 
dent, that from Edward Jones's Jiouse, 
I could walk to the summit in about 
two hours. Of the height of the idoub. 
tain, mr. Pennantsays, that "/Vn y Coder 
is 950 yards higher than the g^een near 
Dolgelleu; Araraowddwy^^QsiboveLljtt 
Tegid } and the Arranig only 20 yards, 
short of the Arran ; that the (all from 
the lake to Dolgelleu green it IftOyacds; 
so that the real difference of height be- 
tween Cader and the Arran is only 00 
yards." In order to. vary my walk as 
much as possible, I took a differeiu way 
down, by going more eastward, and 
descending 2dong that part of the nKHW- 
tain, called Mynydd MoeL , The path 
in this direction was sufficiently slop- 
ing all the way to permit a person- to 
ride quite up to the sumnnit. A gentle- 
man mounted on a little welsh poney, 
had done it but a few days before I was 
there. The road from Jonca'a cottage 
TO Machynlleth, is very even and 
good ; but lying in a narrow hollow, 
between wooded mouotainv without 
much variety of character. Tl;ie nuir- 
muring of the rivuWt, i^^b^h accom* 
pan ied me several miles, and. here and 
there a picturesque cottage seated in the 
woods, were my only amusemen'ta, till 
I came within two miles of Machyoil- 
eth,whenl entered tbc^^e vale lo whkh 
the town, of Machynlleth atandsi^atit 
does not kppear ^poner than at the dis- 
tance of a mile ;; for being jseotcd in a 



69 cApikibfki. ^ 70 

Vade; Sk&d^^d^i^ jby^Menrening nioun- and thetrc^to'Pen y Cadet^ mr. Pennant 
tdintfy it" only becbmerVisiblie on a ^nd- descended from the edge of the great- 
dcxi turn fn the road jUst before ah ap- er precipice, till he came near the €>- 
pr02ich tbthcTiver." • frrey, another peak, -The day w» v€rf 

Mr:* Warner describes his prospect unfavourable, whioh prevented him 
frbm th^ sutamit of Cader Idris/as foU from making accurate observations, 
lows.'' ** The afternoon was gloriously After recovering-from hi«^ farigiie, he 
fine, and the atmosphere perfectly clear, began another journey, in order to en- 
s6 that the vast uiibounded prospect lay circle the liase of tlie mountain^ of 
benea.thV uno|)scured by cloud, yapout, which the tollowtng is his account. '* I 
or atiy Other interruption, to the aston- took the same road as befoire, and con- 
iWhed and delighted eye ; which threw tinoed my ride beneath Vyrraii mavr, 
it*s'glknce over a varied scene, tnclud- one of the points of Cader Idris. ' Be- 
ing ai circumference of at least 500 miles, yond, are the two pdots called Uifmtm 
To the NE. was Ireland, like a distant Gregemtn; andnot fa# dtstint^ are some 
' <tiiu U]^on the ocean ; and a tittle to the remains of circles of upright stonet, 
rtght, Sndwdon and thcf other moun- with manjr cams ; af vast stone, raised 
\iins of Caemarvbnshire. Further on, erept upon the top of a neighbouring: 
in the ' kame direction, the f sle of Man, rock ; and several maeni hirioh, or rude 
ttie tiefghbourhood of t!hester, Wrex- upri^t columns. , At some distance 
hkm, add Salop; die sharp head of the beyond these, near the river Krcgeunluiy 
'Wr<:kin,and thc'tindulatin^ summit of I saw the remains 'of U^s Bradnyn, 
the Clee hills, to the s; I saw the the court or palace of Edwamn^ chief 
cbuntx^ round Clifbu, Pembrokeshire, of one of the fifteen tribes of North 
St. David*s, afid Swansea; to th6 w. a Wales, cither in the reign of Gifyiiydd 
Vast prospect of the British channel,' ap Cynan, or soOn after. The relics 
bounded by the horizon. Exclusive of are about SO yards square ; the entrance 
th^se distant objects, the nearer views about t feet wide, with a large upright 
Were wonderfully striking. Number- stone ou each side, by way of door- 
I6ss mountains, of different forms, ap- case; the walls with large stones, un- 
' p^arances, and elevation, rose in all cemented by any mortar ; in short, the 
directioiis; which, with the various structure of this palace shews the veiy 
' harbours, lakes and rivers, tovsi'ns, vil- low stateofarchitecture in those times 5 
lages, and villas, scattered over the ex- it may be paralleled only by the actless 
tensive prospect, combined to form a fabric of a cattle*house. ' £dnyfed ap- 
scene inexpressibly augUst, diversified, Aaron, a descendent of thi« great mdn» 
and impressive." — ^Flrst Walk, p. 99. had the honour 6f'<enteruining Owen 
The peak of Cader Idris consists of Oiyndwr, in one of his sad reverses of 
siliceous porphyry,* quartz, and felspar, fortune^ and is said to have concealed 
eilclosed in a green paste, with silice- him In a cave, in' the parish of Llan 
ous schistose porphyry intersected Gelynin, called to this day Ogof O- 
with veins of quartz and' argillac'e- wain. Continue the ride,, as be- 

ous prophyry in a mass; and a dark fore, between high mountains, in a nar- 
grey paste. Bedsides several rocks row glen. Quit the narrow pass and 
contain the comj>ortent parts of granite go along a good road, formed upon the 
and porphyry, withi a great proportion sides of the hills, with a fine slope from- 
of white greasy looking quartz. In sev- it to the sea. The road now, passes be- 
cral specimens, the felspar being de- tween verdant and smooth hills, the 
eomposed,hasfalleri out, and given the greit sheep walks of the country; 
Quartz a porous api^earance; rounded at their tops. From a place 

ThO* severil travellers have com- called Allt-Lwyd,have a very full view 
pared the height ofCaderldris to Snow- of the flat called Towyrt Meirianydd, a 
. dop, from a deception ih it's appear- mixture of meadow land and black lur- 
ance, ilcurate admeasurements prove bery, watered by the Dysynwy, which 
that tlic apex of the former is not more fallafmtothe sea a few miles loiver. 
than'2850 Feet above the level of Ool- On one side il the village and church of 
gfettetr-^een, while the greai peak of TywynorTowvw. [See a continuation 
SiibWdbh'i^ mot'ethaii ^OO^tiove i\i^ of this journey under Towv^.] 

i^.^^^fS^i*'?; . r \>4 V. » To Machynlleth, OTmll«,Bin»toj. 

•^AicchdlttgCaderldris fromDolgelleu, * Back to OolicUeo, Aikin ; Evan«. 

by w^ of Llyn Gwernan, /ian-9iAaA- TpTowyo, Pennant. ToDoir 
gt\'%*rtnnaiay a vale on the other side, 



Tq OoifeiieUf (fipoa- Machmne<ht pter the Bate. 



Tf 



mounUini^ 2D milet«) warDCfk 



Trom Caerphilly CalUci 8 mifei, Barber. 

,M.;^ 6owbrid|{6 aad inttrvenuig placet, 

. Malkui. 

• -r-r Newport, 13 milet, Donovans Evana; 

. 9kn^, , . , 

. — ;- Uandafl;^ mi^fDonoTap* 

^IMck from Caerphilly Casitet f^vana, 

Vroih Punt y pridd,3.i])ilei, WyodhaiQ, 



In ifsTepatr tl»e eteftt an- 

tiquestyle of the toructurc hai W9» mc- 
ri&ced, for fa»hioiiable»quaie windows, 
in the lower aparuneau, and some 
gothic lines in the fUapie of iho»^ above. 
" The part ot the ca»de wliich U Itcpt 
in repair" says mr. Barber* ** U a aingle 
range, of building; 9xxd aa elegant 
niachicolated tower, overloolting the 
whole, and frowning defiaiice on the 
pcttv inntivations beneath." Thi» keep. 



CAI^IRDiFF, the capiiid of Gdaniov* exclusive oi the flanking towers, u ot 
ginshire, is; a neat, well |>a.vcd town. anoctangu^itorm.appcarmg»trointbe 
Qnc of the principal streets extends.in a gwt bieadtli of Muj iacets. nearly circu- 
souiiherly direction., nearly .: ftom- -the lar, oi very slighUy anguUted wuhuj 
casOe t<j the new quay. Adjoining the ^^^ walls, and p^e^enting a. clear arei 
latter, acommodiou^ range of huildings «>* »*»»« '^ *^«' ^^ diameter. Tte suxn- 
has been very. recent^ erected, which "»it of the mount on wtucU thp Itcep 
contribute io.ornftmicntthe.place. The sunds, affords a charming view of the 
inflttx of strangers during the summer »w^^o^pdmg c^uptiy. The castle con- 
months is very considerable. Mr. Don. tains »oroe ps^Wits of R«irf>^kt. who 
ovan says. that no people kne^w better have . been it> lords and Qt Uieir re- 
how.toprofijtby thq liberality or credu- lations; asujte pt whole IcnjtU por- 
lity of strangers than the Caerdiffinn- traits, by old masters ; two gc^pj pic- 
keeper«,that ihe»r eatortion can. only tures by i<omney, pamted la 17M; a 
be pafallcled by their incivility, and portrait by Vandy lie. another by Knel- 
that at the Angcl.inn,dwring the races, ler^ asl^etch by Ibbetwnj boys at 
a. guinea was demanded with rigid cf- cards, by Hans Holbein, 1 5b8; a crayon 
frotttery.lora bed tor a singtenigbt, in drawing of Jolin, earlof Wiadsor, and 
an adjacent house.— Excursions, voL 1, his brother lord Jamek Stewart, when 
p. 236. . The Rev, J. Evans says, little children. In Iront, is aspacious 
"The inns are good ai^ the inhabit- lawn, from the shaven wUcept which 
ants civil." The sewen, a delicious kind rise." an artiEcial mound, supporting the 
of salmon is abundant in the Tafffe riv- mouldering rum of the ancient keep. 
er,.frQm May tiU September. Tbisiish T^e castle wa* origmally buUt by the 
is found also in the Severn and in.many conqueror Fitzhamon,, m 11 10. In a 
dF the creeks of North Wales. dungeon of the tower^ at the entrance. 

The high tower of the Churcli, crbwn^ Robert Duke of Normandy, is said to 
ed with four transparent gothic pin- have been confined nearly 30 years, 
nacles, is of peculiar beauty, and after beiijg deprived of his sight and in- 
forms a conspicuous feature in the dis- lieritanc« by hi^ younger brother Henry 
tant views. The body of the church, h A high rampart surrounds the place, 
however,.doesnotcorrespond; it's date on the top of :which is a walk, 
is older, ifs architecture norman. The From Caerdiff there is avery good canal 
othcrparish church (for Caerdiff is divid- whichforms a connecting link between 
ed into two parishes) was undermined the great iron works of Merthyr Tydvil 
by the washing of tlie river Taffe, in and Aberdare, distant about 25 miles 
the year 1607, and fell. There is a from the Eiigljjh markets. In 

mouldering ruin of a house of Gray Fri- May 1804, a most extraordmary occur, 
ars; [see NEvrpoRT,] and without the rence, took plave m this neighbour- 
west gate once stood a monastery of hood, . A, young woman died in child- 
Ulack Friars. The town was ancient- bed at Cadoxstone, near Caerdiff, soon 
ly defended hyawall: the. vestiges of after, deli very, and the infant, piiung 
four gates yet exist ?. also the ditch and for that nourishment which nature de-. 
a watch tower. A good harbour give* signed for it, the mother of the deceas* 
some importance to the trade of this e0, upwards of 12 years of age, put the 
place^ A handsome stone bridge was child to her own breast, from which 
substituted for.one of wood, in H94, by it ^oon drew mi^K, and a.copjow wp- 
Parry. . ; TiiQ . Castle , presents a ply speedily following, she .e9c^^i>^e4 

considerable portion of mpclcrn. patch- t^ suckle the infant. Xtie,ro9M^,d)cd 
work, added by the iatc -Marquis -of at the age of 55. • j ■; j ., .^.,j. . . . 



73 . CAEWiiFF.' 

Oil Arway toCiktWHii.LV Cas-tle, 
W&. Mklktft Vistted Ooen Mubte and 
Bup^ah. T'he toad, a$ far as the river 
Remtiy, is over ai dingy moorj but by 
skirling th^'.-river up to Ceven Mable 
the scenery becomes interesting. The 



zte strilting features in th^ scenery. TKe 
niansion is a huge quadrangular build- 
ing^, with a high shelving roof, in which 
ire two or three tiers oFwindows, re- 
sembling the weighing house at Am- 
sterdam, built in the reigh of Charles^, 
bouse is Urge, standing due n.,lOP a<;on« Thr collection of pictures is numerous, 
sjdefjitjile'em.ineiice. RuperVah appears but few of them are intrinsically val- 
^o ve i.t as a smaller m'ahsio^; but when uable. The offices are extensive, a- 
you arrive at the former, jt seems al- tnong which are some remains of the 
most lost. The walk fronj. Qeyen Mable ancient, castellated mansion described 

by Leland as a "very fair place of 
stone.*'— J. T. Barber. 

The following route along the. coast 
TO Bridqend was taken by mr.'Ev- 
ans. . Three miles irom CaerdifF is the 



toRuperrah through the meadowsls sin- 
gularly beautiful. The house was 
built "byTpiid Jones. I^rom'ltluperrah 
across the park the prospects are uii* 
commonly attractive. 



Oh the road TO Newpokt, is'Rumncy iroman station of Caeron, called Cary. 



Fridge. • The church of Rumney is a 
large gott^ic edifice, with an embattled 
to^er. "Kearly opposite to it, on the 
left of the road, crowning a steep bank 
of; the river, is an old encamprhent, of 
an irregtlUr figure, with^ a tpahgulair 
QQttvork i and a little further occurs a- 
nothef of a polyhedrous form. Ad- 
yaticing, the elevated mansion and ex- 
tensive woods of i<'/jf>erra%, an elegant 
ceat of a'braneh of the Morgan family, 
ajipears beneath the brow of some hills, 
bordering the vale of Caerphilly ; arid 
6ti a small hill below stands Ceven- 
i*/aW(p, an ancient seat of the Kemy 
femiljr. At the rural little village of 
St. M'elbns, the old and new roads to 
Newport iinite. The latter iif lower 
and shortci'^ which is traced on a range 
of eminehces sk.rting Wentloog level, 
an extensive fertile plaiti reclaimed 
from the sea, and extending from the 
Rumpey to the Usk rivers, is relieved 
by the intersections of hedges, and a 
sprinkling of white cottager ; among 
which' the Towers of St. Brides, Marsh- 
field and Peterston churches, rise con- 
tptcuously. ■ At Castieton th^^re was 
omce a pastle, the site of it's citadel and 



The land suddenly rises to the south- 
^'ard, arid on an eminence stands the 
small church,, Beneath this are various 
fortiiicationsi; consisting of valla and 
fossa^ which. fr6m the porta documanus 
to the w., and the praetorium still visibly 
at the E, end, of the camp, are evidently 
Toiinifin;, several smaller works appear 
also in the vicinity. This was the tibia 
amne of Richard's eleventh Iter, and 
the road hence to Bovium, rpay be 
traced in this direction, passing the riv- 
^r £lay by a ford, still retaining th^ 
name of Rhyd Sarn, or the ford of a ro- 
man road. Obtaining the high land of 
SL Lethian Povon^ the views were ev 
ceedingly fine, and crossing it to the s. 
a delightful valley occurs, called Dy- 
rcn; where grow sison verticiUatum 
and empetrum nigrum, in abundanct^, 
[see Cowbridge.] Thfe vale opens in- 
to a sandy sestuary, which expands tp 
the right and left, and embrjaces the 
small island of Barry ^ which is about 
Ij miles in circumlcrance. Klabbits 
constitute the principal produce of the 
farm, which lets for 50/ per annum, it 
is celebrated as the bunal place of St. 
Baruch, a disciple of Gisaloli. A cha^- 



chapcl only remains, the former is en- el dedicated to this samt was standing 



closed in a, garden, and rlie lacter is 
converted into a bam. Gwern-y-cUppa 
park next occurs, which contains a 
rain -nearfy hidden in a thicket, once 
theinaftst6nof7tor-//tfe/'(the generous), 
pride 'of bardic song, who' flourished 
iw the.begjnnihgof the 14th century, 
Tredegar'PtfriU nfext entercd,which is a 
very ancient seat c^f the Morgan family. 
The park is laid out in the obsolete stj^le 
^ grove* asjd avcmies; yet it's natural 
bcanties-arctjonsiderable. Forest trees 
of remarkable size and'beauty, and the 
picturesque course' of' the rapid -Eb^'y, 



in the time of Leland; but there is now 
no building except a farm-house, fitte^ 
up "With lodgings for those desirous oif .a 
retired situation for sca-baihing. As- 
cending the hill from Barry, ruins of 
it's castle is passed, consisting of a few 
walli^, included in a barn ; and an arcii- 
ed gateway. Hence mr. Evans des- 
cended into a "lovely cwm, through 
whichilowed a crystal stream." Pass- 
ing over some rising ground, he found 
hin^self in ajdother, through wliich also 
a stream glided. One extremity of «his 
vale is Iqst in ilie distant hills, and ilie 



15 CAJEROIGAN. '?6 



other opens to the «ca. These vales arc rnmi iiaverfenhrei»»kaUeHMi^* 

truly sylvan and roroantic. At Pen- Newport, u su^ 1ifiWti",E*Mi» 

mitrck, on the verge of a deep ravine, Wyndham. 

stands the ruins of it's castle. Fittha- Newcudfc {ttaaOjn, Mrmlki,M«aiS; 

moti gave this with the manor to one of Serine. 



hil knights, named Gilbert Humphre- 
ville. The church is a good structure. 



luuii% td. Hran 



Half a mile to the w. stands the Ctutle CAEROIGAN pn Welch chronidei 
of Fonmore, situated upon the brink of Aberteivi) is a heat respectable town, 
another ravine; through which runs a tho' many of the streets are parrow and 
stream called Kenfon. It is the resi- steep; seated on the n. bank of tbe riv- 
dence of Robert Jones, esq. Th'^s cas- tr Teivi, near it's junction with the sea. 
tie has becA modernized', it's windows The river is navigable for ships of small 
sashed, and it's tooms decorated, [see burden up to the quay, which enables 
Cow bridge.] At a short distance, up- the inhabitants to carry on a brisk trade 
on the coast, jets a foreland calledBreaV with Ifeland. The principal inn is said 
Ho-poini, oUer\ fatal to mariners. Indeed to be the Black lion. This town, dio' 
this coast is the terror of thos6 who nav- small, is governed by a mayor, thirteeo 
igate the Bristol channel. , Sunk rocks, aldermen, and as many common coun- 
and dangerous shokls lie in every direc- cil-men. The town-hall, iinished io 
tion. Numerous vessels are wrecked 3 797, is' a handsome l>uildih^ pleasaot- 
on this insidious shore,' and the cruel- ly Situated on the northern bank of the 
ties exercised by the inhabiiartti 6f this river. The ruins of it's Castle, ajv 
coast towards those children Of misfor- pearing On a low cliff at the foot of tbe 
tune, surpasses the ruthless storm or bridge, are very inconsiderable; little 
raging ocean. Humanity shudders at more than the fragments of two cir* 
the account given by Mr. Evans of thie cular bastions, overgrown with ivy; 
nipine and cruelty of those hutnan vul- yet it was once a large and important 
tnrcs called wreckers. He asserts that fortress. It's foundation is ascribed to 
their aim is frequently to murder those Gilbert de Clare, about the year 1160, 
on board, that there may be no surviv- who also fortified the town ; but it was 
ers to give evidence against thetn. They soon after taken, and in part destroyed 
strip even children and femJiIes, when by Rhys ap Gryffith On the side of 
dead, cut off their fingers and tear their the river scands the Church, a large 
ears, for the sake of their clothes and handsome structure ; and, contiguous, 
jewels ! Is there no sheriff, or consta- the remains of a priory of Black monks, 
ble, in this christian coast } we exclaim; which was dedicated to St. Mary, aod 
does justice sleep at Fonmore ? The was subordinate to the abbey of Chert- 
Village of ^werfon is considered by sey in Surry. This sea^ of the monks is 
Camden, the Bovium of Antoninus, at present occupied by an elegant villa, 
At a short distance is the remnant of a the possession of mr. Bowen. It was 
roman rofid, which appears again on once the residence of " Orinda" or mrs. 
Newton Down, in a line to Neath. This Catherine Phillips. Near Caerdi- 
place is in the parish of Llan Ilted ; or, gan, in the year 1 136, the english army, 
as it is usually called Llan twit Major. commanded by Ranolph earl of Chester, 
On bis route to Llandafk, mr. was shamefully worsted, and the two 
Skrine proceeded along the bknks of barons Robert Fitz Roger and Pain Fitz 
theTaffe, towards the,N., the mountains John, with 3000 others, slain on the 
gradually closing on each side of the spot, besides a great numbeif drowned 
river, forming a majestic portal of rock by the fall of a bridge. 
and wood, on one promontory of which About a mile x. of Caerdij^m, at Uan 
. appeared the ruin of Castle Cock, origin- Gaedmor, is an ancient monument^ con- 
ally built to defend the pass ; beyond, sisting of a stone of a prodigious .size, 
the vaUey opens in romantic beauty. half a yard thick, and eight or nine! jds. 
To Newport, 13 miles. Barber. »« circumference. It is placed inclin- 
^ Caerphlly Castle, 7 miles, Maikin. ing i for one side is upon the ground, and 

— LlandafT, 3 miles, Barber; Donovsn ; E?. the other supported by a pillar of abQ)at 
ans; Wyndham; Skrine.' three feet high. Near it IS angrier of 

Along the Coast lo Dunraven, 36 ms., Evanj. die same kind, but much lesi and lot?. 

-cowbriifge. 12 miles, Warner. er. . About six yards from it lies a larjre 

- Mytthyr Tyd vli, 3* miles. g^o^e and another beyodd that^ abou 



ttki^ainetHtiance. M^itm Kyt- from' tti^ iriver*ft brtnllt to tbeir ridgy 

Wtib4' i6rrthe msmeniry' stones, near summits. Yn the midst of this embow- 
'KMtft^'iii the neij^libouxhood of Caer- ere'd glen, a tremendous naked rock, 
digaiH seeiiriopbe the- remains of some croWned with the truly picturesque re- 
barbarous monument. Th^y are nine^ mains of Kil^arran castle, stands pre- 
teen in number, and.li.e- confusedly on eminent/ forming a striking contrast to 
the ground, deriving UiqI^ names fron^ the dark rich verdure which prevails in 
the vulgar, ^who cannot easily count the other accompaniments of the river, 
them. ^ " In this neighbourhood is The beauties of this spot drew the at- 
i'Aec^ y puttfet, that is, the stone of a tention 6f our great english landscape 
gigantic woman^Wfaieh' if exceedingly painter, Wlbtin, and have been trans- 
lar^e, iM placed upon four enormous ferred into more than one of His conw 
pillars, or suppbrtiers, of th6 height of positions. The ruin Consists principals 
five or, fix feet. Be«des 4bdse, there ly of two. circular towers, with part of 
ar<^ two others, pitched on one end on- a gateway, finely mantled witliivy^ 
dertheoop stone,.but much iower, in* When at Cacrdigan, mr. Wyndham 
aoi^uch that they bear 4)0 part of the employed the custom-hbuse boat, as a 
weight. Th^e are aUo :three more; conveyaiice to the ^tn-too/;^«. above (I^U 
two of whjcb are large* lying, on the garran. , In his passage the charming 
l^cound it each end, indisputably an^ Tcivi presented, at Aviery. 4wiix new 
cientbritish -monuments. *./ .; beauties. To Llanbeder a great same* ' 
V .^N £xeuasioN to St. JDogmaei's B^* nesr of ^ascdnt and descetit prevail 
ary,, at s^]mlR and a half distance*, maf To HAVvupbino-WEiT, neatfy in' a 
hence^be fnade^, This li^iieot.of direct line, and nm throuj^h itil^rran 
antiquity U very m^cb dilapidated, JMid and St.-iDa.yklSy^ocours 4ie vlllag«^pf 
produces scarcely any picturesque dp* BritieU U a/sfew miles distaoce^ :nfbei^ 
pearadce^ the parts which remain en« theculliyatedenclosurescontrastagre^* 
tire are^9i)verted into barns, sheds, and ably witli.tlieupagi;ed prospect- 4»f threcf 
habitations }■ the qrigips^ exter^t of the mountaisia in ^ront. That bn thetijght 
churcb-k .disceroible». ^i^hich.was o£ near tlie sea, is. the mountain' above 
no inconsiderable dimiensiojts^.aad. ol Newport^ the middle is PercUy, and 
the early {sbthic style. In the ceme^ that at Ibe ciistem extremity is Wt^ity^ 
tery adjplning the ruin and (he village v^uf. A little beyond, foop toads meet, 
chiirch, ftn aged yew produces a char- this towards Caerdigan, theroad on the' 
acteristic e£tect : and bei;e the scene, right to Newport, thatoB the left t«^ 
finely interspersed with wood and situ- Kewcasxle inEmlyo, and the road over 
ated above, the Teivi,.is undoubedly Percily mountain to Haverford^west,;. . 
beautiful. The priory was founded Just here is the neat and )>leasing viU 
for Benedictine .monks by Martin de lage of EglwpmrtP, where isaballlper• 
TurribuSy( a normanchieftain,whofirst and. bookseller. At Pgnt Cunmf^tht- 
conquered the surrounding territory, rivcrNevern relieves, for a moment, the 
called Kanies or Kemish, and then de- dreariness of the scene. The last plo^ 
lu^ed It w ith the blood of it's natives.: of cpltivation extends to Hendre Gate» 

Mr. Warner mentions a walk on. the which is the entra^nce of this -Perdhf 
bank s of the river Teivi, from Caerdigan moun^cun, . Immediately beyond' JPont 
to Caf//e'il/a/A:«;77,^s containing unrival- L/at^iiiran crosses the nver Siron, -but 
led beauty and variety. Frpip the works, the ascent does not. become laborioua -. 
of Sir Benjamin Hammet, he proceed- till you arrive at Tavarn y Vach atiBome 
ed by the assistance of a guide, through distance. , It is not difficultly steep in ; 
delightful scenery io Ktlgarran .Casilt. any. part, bpt tedious from it'slengthf 

Trie road to Kilg'arran, by land, i^ This mountain is the centre of a long* 
circuitous, and, if the tide peripit^^an a- ridge running e, and w. TlHi: prospect 
<luatic excursion might be easily pro-;, from. (he top is very extensive. At the . 
jected. The Teivi, above Caprdigan be- beginning of the descent on the other' 
comes environed by high hills, theap- side, is the Netvlnn, abput half way 
proachlng bases of which contract the between Caerdigan andHaverford west, 
bedof tTie'river.chanjgingirs character, T^. highest peaXo/ the mountain is 
from a broad and majeStip, to, an im)>et-; Qwm J^f.nw,niijik tQ M»^. e. of the Now 
uoiXs'dddyingsti^am. tti?s;dcs<>fthe^^^^^ .donfinuipg the j:.. descent { 'W« 

hills rise from th'ewatirlhaliiAosti^ come in sight of JUaiiv«r»(vA..inoMn<am» 

dicular steepness, yet clothed with trees These high grounds to the left inter- 



T9 

cept entirely, the view of Caermar- 
iheft*,t^o' situated very new'j but Caer- 
roartiven bay is di&Linctly discerned; 
and Gdwer beyond. After reaching the 
bbtlom of the mfMintain, tlic road con- 
tinues over a flat country as far 'at 
Scole*s Cross, where it Heg.ns to be 
'w/ell cultivated. At Krofrhall, just be- 
yond, there is an appearance ot an ex- 
tensive population. Pcndef^raft was 
the ancient seat of the Stepneys. Dr. 
Johnson saystharthe poet George Step- 
ney was descended frpm this ^tock. 
One 6f these Stepneys married Van- 
dyck'k daughter.— B. H, Malkin. 

To Kilgaxran, 3i mites« Barberj Ma^ij) ; Et- 
'ami; Skrine; Warner. 

— Aberaeron, 26 miles, WynirfhAni^ Jst tpur, 
* U|> the Teiyi lo Kllgatfan' iroh-wvrls, 5 
' mites, thence to Lian)>edt;i', 34 miles, 
.. 'WjtKttum'kitd tour. ' 

\ Fiom^Wrexbam, 12 miles, .Biqclcy/ 
■ ^ — — Mold, i5 mile*, Peunanu ^ 

CAERGWRLE (orCaer^r-lfe), iti 
Penbig^fbire* is situated cm > the banks 
of the Alunf onco, a doumhingtown, 
liowditBinisbed almost to. al>t4iti>g. It 
isauppffied^ to have. beeA .a iomati sta- 
tionv fpCftQ bypocaustor sweatin^s^room, 
wa4 . discovered liere - in Camden's 
time, on some of the 'liles «! which 
were inscribed * * Legio xx .'" The 

trace of a rom^nroad points from the 
village, towacds Mold, and ti visible, 
mr, Pennant says, in 3 or 3 places j es- 
pecially in the fields on this* side of F^nr- 
iig. At a little distance,' on the 

summit of a htp[h rock are the rtHns of 
the Castle. Thecomposiliotv^of this 
rock is curious, the grit being s6 ex- 
ceedingly coarse as to have <much the 
appearance of pebbles among mor-' 
tar. In this parish are tome extensive 
lime quarries, in which is frequently 
fouod a - species of fossil called onfm- 
chi\ it's shape is somewhat cylindric, 
generally about an inch long, and made 
up of a number of round joints. Nat ' 
uraltsts suppose they have b^en- parts 
of some species of arborescent sea star. 

On Rhyddyn demesne, ad)OVi^ing the 
Alun^are two springs, strongly impreg- 
nated with salt. West of the cas- 
tle, upon a lofty hill, is Bryn Yorkyn, the 
paternal seat of Ellis Yonge, esq ; a 
descendent of Tutor Trevor. Tlie form 
of the house -is quadrangular, with a 
squarcj wing at each comer, five stor- 
ies high 5 erected in 1610. The vilhgc 



CAERGWRLE. CAERLEOK. &e 

and church of Ifopt lie about- » niile 
froip the castle upon the «;<id« oC ite 
stream. The Chuicb if 4«dicflfeed m 
St. Gydfar; it 
meots of the Trevors. 



To MoM, 5 fnne«, Bingley. 
Back to Hold, Pednanf . 



From Ne.wport, >foii.3 milev-Coxef 

Pen]um»7jDiles,J)oiiovao* 

Caerwcw, 9 milrt, WTudllMa j 

Pont y Pool, 8 miles, Slcrt^e^ 

CAERLEON, mMonmouththlr^, was 
the Isca Silurum of Antoninus, the su- 
tion.of the lecoi^d legion, and theprlo- 
cipalfomau tOHvn in the country of the 
Siiures, butindw exceedmgly diminish- 
ed. The town is seated updn rising 
ground, in a deep bottom, lurrounded 
by lofty verdam hill^. The TJisk'; at this 
plate^assutnet considerable Hnportance. 
The most ^liceAt building itt ' the place 
isa ohailty- school, for maihtaining SO 
poor hoys, and 90 girls, to the age of 
Hf founded by Charles WrlHanns, esq., 
a native of the town. Caerlcibn seenis 
to have been, acc'ording to Giraldus, in 
a declining state 'iis far back as the 14th 
century, who remarks, that " Many re-" 
mains of it's former magnificence are still 
visible. Splendid palaces, which once 
emulated with their ' gilded roofs the 
grandeur of K ome ; for it was original- 
ly built by the Roman princess, and a- 
domed with stately edifices. A.gigan- 
tic tower; numerous baths r ruins of a 
temple and a theatre, the walls of which 
are partly staiiding. Here we stiU see, 
both within and without t^ walls, 
subterraneous buildings, aqueducts, 
vaulted caverns, and stoves so ^excel- 
lently contrived as to convey tdeir beat 
through secret and imperceptiblepores." 
—Pa. K)7, ed. 1585. Mr. Barber 

says, fhat the vestiges of it's former mag- 
nificeiict, to be seen must be diligently 
sought after. Statues, altars, columns, 
freizes, sarcophagi, coins, and intagli- 
OS, have been discovered during sever- 
al agesj but they are carried away by 
curious persons, or applied to domestic 
uses. The roman fortification forms 
an oblong square, with the cOrilers a 
little rounded, and unfurnished with 
towers. Many fragments of the walls, 
accompanied by the fpss, are. appar- 
ent ; deprived of the facing-stones, they 
appear m great tttasses of grout work ; 
i. et'of stones; brokei;i tiles, and bricks, 



tbenTec«vQ£:3M^6tb$o«le vestiges x^ r .Ontheroadhfflr.XJ$«;P«iiro«a«dit*» 
peai.rat tbe J^a^buty-Armt, wbict^ it eocampmentisrpaisetl.ot]. the left, afl^ 
the only, inn in .the liQWA. : At a little which' an isben^ prodiites from'U'V 
distance, on> U)Q «ippoait.e ;side< of ribi' summit an int^rcsjim^ View of the 9UN 
road, isa.):)|gh arj;ificiaiinound« abcnii roiuldtng^ di6tiiict,^r<>'ui)d the base of 
SaO yards ii>;<?>rpftiftfe»«nce, the site; o* vrhich a valley :tpiiid«, watered by th€ 
the citadel desqiibed by Giraldua^taii cii^erCsk. Onvtheopcf^osite boundat^ 
giga(u\c. . , ,Tb^ house at mK^Maf^. aretne wpodsof Kenteys and BcrthoUy^ 
gan, v^a« Qncp.a;Pict/$Tcian'abbeyv:bift and in the contararydivtction ibe ey<? 
4afrbe^pew^c4w;)i(h«tonescoHectcd ranges ,d>vcr the venerable groves o^ 
from the irnii>9-etQa€!!'lton. - Ttait lady: l^lantarnatn, and ai-^wavy^ccfuniiiy' to ttte 
pQsses&esseyeral rpman coins, and oth.-! distant naaumams: Jof Abergavenii^^ 
ei curiusi^e^'... Wyndham, layt, <<hAl Within t^o miles::.of iJsk ti\e small yil-' ' 
mr..NonnaD. o|Caerle0n had m his.posn lage Uau^hby \a {iafeed^ near which lis 
sfttion, a fp^nan rihg, remainuig.m it^ an aikicient .mansu>n ol 'the Williams'9 
priginalsettingA^goldbiWhicfa wasfonnd' ' Caniily { the anrHitectUTe is attributed' ta 
in the town. •> .-r jH^e'^rketrhbnteof) loigo. Jones. ■ Ttie. grounds c^mmaiid 
Caerleon,- is-sufypoxved by four.m^vcB ctehgUtiuil. views,:) in. which JJangiMj^ 
tuscan pill^,.miti^bich appear several { cM<«^rears it's .mcfuideriDg batcleroetfti; 
Tomaa vestiges. \ A^otttm^tn'iu Mow oathe brow dfttbdid hill, <entiTelyc6\fii 
gan*s pretniS|Qs».ia the coman dmphtthciJ ered with treea. ■' The acedunts^respecf^ 
afre^ coqAoionly^caUied Arthur'n'TaiuuL ifig the buildmg'bf. this 1 castle are un^ 
table. It is:i^..^vai Concavity, 74 yiird)^ certain. Mr.Sarbe^ thmks i( *s poihte^ 
by Mvand^dtiepf in Which are ranged arches denote-that it3H&si>ui It posterior 
ot stone seatA, now .covered wi^ earthi Qo the first settteinento^tlie Normans ib[ 
apd verdur^f). evidently the vestigemf the^e parts.. •ilbMorhrerly belonged liy 
an amphitlH^^re*. " The ftburishu the Clares, earls* qt Gloucester j but bar 

ing; cqndiuon qC- Caerleon," saysctmrv> been upwards. ol<.t\w> centuries in tbe 
Donovan, *<at some i .remote period ol^ family o4. the present possessor. Oil 
time if so well attested. by the nuhicfi'' approaching U»k,'it*;»jrifFer is traced'be- 
ous memprials; of. it's, humbled ngitatti" neath a high hill.^Qtijrely.sba<^ed wjtlt 
deur,.at this day- visible, that it wouM wo63. 6n the leit, appears the goth- 
be absurd-to dispute the fact ; and -scep^^* ic church of Udnbadki', bedaubed With 
ticism the n^dst )unpiird6nable todis* white. Beyon^^ the handsome bridge 
trust entirely .the: evidence of those*, of Usk, with the antique town and 
who,butafeW:centrtri66ago,sawmucbi ivy-maniled castle. Far distant, tl\e 
more of these. remaunsi, than are at;pres^ varied line of the mountains near Aber- 
ent to be observed' . Such \)Vas. it's ek*' gavenhy, the Craggy ' s^ulnmit of me 
tent, aiccording;io, tradition, that .the Skyridd, and the abru|)t cone of ttiiq 
city, with th^. suburbs on both sides otf Sugar-lo&f, contrastrng rlie lotty eveh^ 
the Tiver, covered "a tract of country' swell o* the Blorenge, ptesenisa teif-^ 
nine miles in circumference; extend-' minatlng boundary of ibe m6st pic-, 
ing irom th^' .presbnt town as far as> turesque descriptibn. ' ' 

Christ^hur^hand.SU Julian's, in a: $:' Oh the road 't6 PoN+-y-?ooL, l^ 
ahd^wQSterly difecttot>/' The wood- miles from Caerleon/ Uantamtm'fiduse 
en bridge over the Usk is remarkable, and park'^ccupy tlie sue ot a rich tii^- 
fpF it's construction, which iasimilanrttit ttitcian abbey. Thfs mansion appears', 
thatececced by Caesarover the Rhine Iti' td'have been erected about the reign of, 
thisneighbourhood are several encamp*' Elizabeth, chiefly but' of the materials, 
mcnts, as that of tXyelAdge, occupying a of the abbey, of which a large gothiq^ 
hill in the park of Ldniaifnam, about a gateway and the monies* cells, are it^i, 
inile Hw, of Caerlcon; that of Fenrm, a «»fily vestiges, now ignominiously cop- 
short distance to the left of the road to verted into stabling: - ' • 
Usk; that of M^yndecy near Christ- On sallying out for Newport, mr, 
church; and that in the wood of Sf.Ju- Evans ascended the Gam, whence he 
lianUt towards Newport. : Near the lat- says, nearly the whole county of Mon- 
ter spot, a chaf^l of high antiquity, is mouth lay stretched like a map. iBcr' 
now used aft a barn. St. Julian's is also twfen the elevation of the Gam and 
rcmaf4cable for a got hie mansion, once Penca^mavgr^ in a iniost romantic bottom,' 



Aft cABRnnmnHir. $4 

flo^itheUsk* wiidlikiDg liter TmM of the — r tTIItIi nifiiinMiniw i fin 
•castle falls into th6 tntnear Gold^ltft towa wwr.appww^' -'OM wlnff * of* the 
Asc^^ing the tablelwd to the left, on oUI priorf, ioclvduig a hftBdaome-Me^ 
the Wjestern side, the. yUsw is'cifcaro^ w^, yet lemains.- Some- of '(ii» a^ 
fcribed by the Ponty poolHilla^ termiiw pAitmenu aie inhabited by paor-peotAe. 
atipg in the Bloreoge, Skyryd vawp^ The priory church it extincc • - 
Tom Balan, the Sugar Loaf, and Peny The trade of the plaK« it^ muchfeciH. 
vBJifi, To the Ni. am the heights of thv teted by it'« fine Titer^ which conveys 
Oeyaudon andChepstow Park, with the ahipa of !850 tons, up to- the bridge. 
Intermediate vales. To the i., the moor Caertnarthen Is the Kaervyrdhin of the 
of C%ldecot, the Severn, the Denny, Britons, the MarkhmiiKm of Ptoieiny, 
King Road, Brisiol^Channel, the steep ndttoeMoridiimumo^AntoiiiinM. 'Ae 
and flat Holmes, the«hores of Someneti ancient Britons accounted itthecapi- 
and Oeyooi sketch, to the s. Oaapanof tal of allWalest here they faeHhefaeir 
tl>it ridge, oyerlookittg'Cheekefamman': paaliametits^ or assembliea of wise 
*pn of sir Robert Salisbury, sunds the »en, and here lliedHheir- chamccrr 
Uttle village of CAmi-cAttivA, [see New* afld evcbequer. -When thc^ Normans 
poi»} whence the traveller passes dDw» overran Wales^ this town severely fek 
4>ajl«ep hill» for tivo.itfllesi The e»^ the miseries ofh«ar^ being oh^ be- 
tfraoce into Newport oathis side is avrf> seiged, and twice^nmt by the weicfe 
« stone bridge of iiTearchei,completed> princes^ Gilbert, earl of Clare, how. 
m 1800, by David Edwards and his two ever; at length AiM bis power at 
som, descendents of the architecc of' Caermarthen brfond fbeteaeh of their 
PoDtyPridd; it Was ba«U by contrdTt ^tfieii^>ts. This >pkice gave- birtli 

^ 10,1 65/. . Mr;. Warner visited' to the famous Mtriin^ in (he year 490' 
Newchurch on his approach to Caer* (hence called Caer Merddm) who ap^ 
V^pn ; and, on quitting the latter, passed pears to have been a maa^ef-' e3ecrao^ 
Vy a foot road over the fidldsr which, he dinary wisdom and learning, which, 
aayt, presents a variety of rich views; • uo doubt,, occasioned him to be looked 
ts IMk,-? mUes, W; Cote; Birber. on as . a magician in that dark age, and 

. v4. Newport 3 miles, DoiMy^an ; Kram; tsailsmtlted- as such to postoricf • by 
. Wyodfaaa« SMtni Wsrotr. monkish writers, Who always regarded 

J<^^^^^^^j-^^^^ ,^^ >^^ ^'^^ a iealotts eye aU knowledge poi- 

- ^.j .. ^ . •cased out of their own pale. Kot far 
LSi;'^f*^"^M*?L c ^« Caermarthen, is an eminencecS^^ 

• II s™^^'!^^^'^*"*^^^ lcdAfer/,V.Ai//,nearthebrOwofwl2h 
H ^.ZVin^Tv^^r^:^^^ '^ * 'oc^ called Mertin-s chair. wSS 

— LiandiioTSwr,i5iniiei,Wyndhata. wP"«»tK»n says, the famous prophet 
CAERMARTHF V ««*. ^f .u . ^^ ^ sit,when he«ttered hit prophet 

., CAERMARTHEN, one of the most cifes. Here also was born Levm Bauiv. 

ei above the goble ny6r Towey, and of Bangor, aid author of the celebrated 
commands a full view of oneof the most « Practice of Piety." A snwU 4^ 

beautiful valesm the kingdom. In it's, ute in the vale irfTowey was ^^ 
mtenor there is less to commend. Most retreat of 5iri<icAafd StJle, under iST- 
riritr-f.^' ^^^""f^ ^'^^P' *"** *"^«- itedcircumstanoes, where he soUercd 
«lf'iT K* • yt^\here are many good, a paralyti<f stroke/ which greatly im- 
Cyr1„l*'°'''?' l>eIongmg to the neigh- paired his mcntark-^iltie*. ^ The fa^ 
fcLf mn7/. ^1V^!?« *^»^*;«^ i" he possessed, which kept him- -f,t,m 
haZfrl/^To^^^^^^^ w*nt, is within a quarter'^of a mHeof 

hall of free stone, and collonades of the thc.town, and is called TV €?tt«ii. The 
T^.^S^nluf^^r'"'^'''}'';}^^^^'' principal'inn caUed the^v^^ash haS 
OnenrpHni^n^^^^^^^ been removed. The house formerly 

^d L^a?« wTi>S^T^? '• ^^"^-^ *^^'"» "^^ »«»«»i» ^« '^ home cj 
the rhanrir'^^^^^^ ^u"'^ Chimneys. In sir Richard Steele, who died here Sep. 

mnnn^^ . i^'u ^^?^^ ^^^"^ "^ ^^^'^^^' CloSC tO the N. sido OfX 

ThTremJni nfTh^ recumbent fignres. *nejits are perfectly, distiijtguishabl^- ^ 
i^rwrS^.^^'^^'^^^^^y'^'^^^^jr On a co^AmfoExc1rasi<mv.aftev- 
aUbecnbuv'.tupmtoagoal;andhttJe aro<«ing the ferry from Llansttphai- 



85 CAJSSMJ^^fi^^ 4^ 

castle. |])m is nothitu; i^markably in- the surrounding country. Resumtog 
t^rcstwi*^ the little trading town of the course just dMChfaed^ alMi^ th$ y^b 
KiJoysL'tY is i^e^ched. ' .'of Xot«r^t ftTnMpect of uarWaUed 

On bie way •fo Llanstephan Cas- beauty and picturesque eflF^ct was soon 
TL-E, the hijgh-road is left For a narrow unveiled. A vast ampilheatre of wild 
imbowered lane, up a laborious ascehC mountains formed the head of the vale. 
Oh ijaining the siinimit, a most en- ' (!>ri*the ro^d To Llandilo-vawr, 
chanting view over the ©a/e 4/* Me 2 oar formerly stood the venerable remains 
ey,' repays the toil. A stripe of the bf'6reen Ctw^/e, built by Uchtred,prince 
ricfhest lahd, intersected by. numerous of Merionethshire, in ilS8; but the 
hedge-fows and ornamental plantations, ruin is now reduced to a few unimpor- 
arise on each side of the river ; above tant walls. About half way » the r«^ns 
which a parallel range of high -wooded of Gruslwyn caxtle occupy a bpld c6ni9 
and cvrttiVited hills form the boundary bill,, in the vale of Towey. , Boti 
of the valley. ' The extensive town of these fragments of antiquity are within 
Ckei'marthen; the loftv spire of .the view of the road. . [, 

church; the ruined castle, and the long T*> Swansea Qccurs, at the distanc^ 
old bridge, with several barks lying near of .l|^ miles, the |maU village olLan^f 
it 5 are conspicuous objecls at a short «<»«. The character of tlie ^ouh^ , 
distani^e Itt tSe picture ; which is coni- wrough t^is district, ".is pleasitig, but 
siderabiy enlivened by several gentle^ xjpt grand, varied by swelling hiTis^anif 
inen*i seats^and their appendant decj- extensive vajlies. . Within two mile? 
briadotis. The town of AhergwUly, o^ of Swansea, however, the scenery iffy 
the! bahks of tbe river, with the bishop creases in magnificence. — ^R. Warnw. .. 
of £f/ David's palace, an ordinary build- A brisk posting.busihess in sumng^l 
in^t, ajijJear in the distance j and soop on the road to Narbehth, supports a 
after 2t sudden turn of the lane, therui^ jcood inn at ^He obscure village of $tf 
of Llanstepfian castle. . ' ^ €lear*s, at the distance of nine miles Wj 

On the roa4 to iLANDiLo VjAWf^ of Caermarthen. Mr. Donovan found ^ 
thi first' obj6ct of notice is Aber^jMy jramble of a nijle or two upon the bank^ 
Vdaiee, the bniy habitable residence of 9f *e Cofran, very delightful; and 
the scyen lyhich formerly belonged to ^^i^ much amused by seping some p9<^ 
the Wshop of St. David*^. Llangunnfii^ people engaged in fishing out of thai^ 
hitl is a striking object from this spot, ^limsly navigable bark called a coracle, 
Abo^t Allt y Cog, the range of hills on or corwc in the language of the SoU'thf 
/thd left rises to greater height, and wallians. "The green bridge ot Wale V 
mostly clothed wit^ woods. On the' W* ^^^ **™<2 intelligeni tourist, wa$, 
left of Cross inn is CQUrt Henry, built ty ^^^ object of a solitary excursion of five 
Heh^ ap Gwilyra. At present it be- inHes, or more, to the sw. of St. Clear's, 
longs to the family of Dyer, and here if The only circumstance for which it i| 
GfOngar-hill, the spot to which the poet '. remarkable, arises from the waters of 
has given so just a celebrity. Nearly ^ small stream, which takes it's rise tq 
op^site Iihw*rAdar, is Golden Grooe^of^ th^ northward, quits it's course abby^ 
the, other side of the Tbwey, which ground at this place, and finds a passjjg^ 
docs not answer by any mean& tp it's through a subterraneous, rocky aveni^, 
name. Dinevavor Cai/Ze is j; grand object whence it does not emerge till in bn^ 
from this place. Newton Park appearf collected streaip upon the sea-cpas^ bien 
a highly finished place, and the views \9y^ tlje village of Pendine, 
of the' vate are extensive and picture /To Lis^ttepfam dastle,7 miles, Baifavn v o! 
esqud. In pursuing the abovejro^te,mr. .V- Kidwelty,9niUe%Maliaa. ... ii. 

Skrifle made 'a» digression from Abeir* — Lian«JUo Vawr, i5 miles, MalkUis flkiinc^t . 
gwHly across ^he.Tbwey, tp visi^ Mv£, , -^ Llahdilo Vawr, and back tolCserjOMrt^gi^ 
dteiori-hdU, llie seat of mr. PaxtonI thence to LlaughaVne, Donovan. ,.^ 

Wliith far eclipses the proudest of the '- I-^augharae, 12 miles. Erans. 
Cambrian mansions in asiatic pomp and Z ?r^hS?«fw wl^isw ' 
splendour. This house deserves ad- U«.i»tephan,9mllcs, WyndhSnr. 

miration for it'sexternal beauty, as well »*■^«^<''^^"^•^'^-*^•*'^vr^f^'ry•-^^ :. 
as for it's internal elegance, and decor- 
atipnj yet bur tourist thinkUhe style . a,:. ... .. 

of architecture but ill comports withijif^ ,.,;.. . v; . . » 

imposing, though aijr^ple^ majes^'of ,,- ^ . ^^,. ; .. .u !-ai « hr.; .;'..' 



If CAEttNAHVOK. dS 

' to the ben tdvantagfe; when Uie Jt- 
fnm CficUailv WttilN, PttiMat. tnost^here 'is dear the isle of An^esci, 

•' -^*"?o«r.iOiimtei.'»uigteT8lI«ltDii.; ^j^. Holyhead and Parys moantaim, 
':-^^X^^^ •;.. ap^Sarlilc^amapsprea^ 

— Nant rran«6n, Huiton. ^^ eyc: ' Someumfes the very remote 

Bcaumari^ J7 miles, Skrinej Hwton. TOounTains of Wicklow, may be pcr- 

' icddj^elart, iJ rhs., Wyndham} EvaiMt teived over the diannel. On the east- 

Baek Vrotn an excunitm Into Snowdonia, ern side, itthebritisbalps^whetne'SDOw- 
Evans. . , doh*s "hOary head^ conspicuous many 
. From DoltodWnCaatie, 6 mllet, Warner* ' a leajjue, tluj liianncr oft sees, exult- 

• Amlwchy^i milMt warn«*'l»d Wallet ing, and' greets with many a cheer." 

' CAERNARVON »itiay,wlitn Jt*sCon- Caemarvrfn is in the patish of I.lan-beb- 
commitant advantages are appreciated, lie, ind the parish church, apparent- 
l>e pronounced the tnost Scaatiful tbuh ly of roman origin is situated about half 
in- North Wales. It carries on a consid- a mile irom the town. Within it is a 
erable trade with Ireland, and thp pVin- marble monument,;oh which are two 
ci^al englistt sea-poiris.' It is situ^t(;d re'cumbent figures "df sir William Gryf- 
t)n theeastcrai ^ide of the Meiiar, th^ fryd,'of Penrnyn, who died in 1387, 
•trait ^hich divVies'Anglesea fk-bttj and Margaret his w lie. In this church 
iheoth^r pansofW^'lc$y aWdischartri; the service is performed lo the welsh 
itigly adapted toaffofd'a retreat fronj 1anjg;uage. Th6 Enghsh'icrvice is per- 
the busy world.' li's situation, betwjeen formed in a chaj*l of eaSe^ situated ia 
the tAost n^ountarnous' jiatts'of Wkles tbVuiv. comer of the town- walls; for- 
and Anglesea, tendei's it a convenient merly intended for the use of the gar- 
placie whence visits maybe made to both, tison. The Harbour at Caemar* 

It's name is properly Caer-yn-Ar-ton) Von iS small, but ;(61erably good, used 
Whith signifies a fortified town in thi^ chiefly by the Vessels which trade for 
district opposite to l^ona or Anglesea, slates.. These slates ai^ brought from 
The walls aroutid' the town are dearly the mountains of Llanberis, a village 
entir'e, as weirds the ca>tle. They are leh miles distant. 'The entrance into 
defended by irtany round towers, in Caemarvoh castle is through' i high 
which artf two principal entt-ances to |gi-afrtd gateway, dVcr which is a figure 
the' town. Over the eastern gate* of the rojral founder grasping in his 
way is a spacioiis apatt^eht used as thd han^ a dagger.s Iq this gate there have 
Town HaU and ^Ssembly-room. I lie, been less 'than four poHcuUisea. The 
f>ii1ldings aret6Ttoblyrc^t:ilar, but the basile' is large and irregufar, much 
streets are narrow. On thi? outside shattetH within. The towers are most* 
of the walls is 3l)road and pleasant ter- Xy octagonal, but S Of 4 of them have 
race wsllk along the side of the Mcnai; each ten sides; the largest dn^ most 
extending from the quay to the n. end elegant in the building is the Eagle 
of the town wTills, which, on fine feven- Tower. The figure of the eagle, from 
Ings, is a fashionable promenade. The which it derived it*s name, is yet on the 
Court-house sti^nds nearly opposite thlg? top of it. This tower stands at oiie 
caStlc gates, and is, within, a neat little end of the oblong couiri of the castle, 
place. The ('ustom-house, is an insig- and has three handsome turrets issuing 
mlK:ant building, placed on the outride from it's top. In this tOwer, it is sard, 
tWif walH, not lar^roni the quay. ^ Edward the prince of Wales, after- 
The Hotel was built by the earl of wards Edward 2, was bofn.* At tbt 
Uxbridge, on a very large scale; "It other end of the court, and opposite to 
is an elegant 4ton6 baiMVng, disponed thlstbiver, is thC Queen *S'-gat^, said to 
oH'the ouistde of the town -walls, a ^iFtle be* that thrdugh which the faithful Ele- 
abeve the Menai, of which it commands anof, queen of Edwisird 1, first entered- 
a fine prospect. , In point of accoromp- thj^ Castle. The State apartments are ' 
dations and elejjance, tbis inn appears large and have been much more com- 
to be the, first in iJorth Wales, Fot-a- roodious than any o^ the Others. The 
qus^tic excursions a boat may be had windows have beeti Wide and elegant ; 
here, the charge is one guinea a dayl on the outside the building, they are 
From the top of the rock, behind the Iqukre, butrwithin tliey are all pc»lygo- 
hotel, there is an excellent bird's- nal; There was fprmerly a gi^tery en- 
eye view of the town. Hence, also, the tlrely round the castle, by whic4^, diir« 
castle, and town-walls, may be seen iflg « siege, a cammnmicatioh cbcrld be 



had withput danger: , On one side, thU coutspa, the one MgvUr^ an^ thf other / 

yet r^m^ins undemolished. The castle . in a zigzag forin, and them poured boii*. 

occupies the whoic w,:^n4 of^the town. ih%. mortar upon them, which insihuat- 

andhat been a foitress of great stTCpgth* \ ed itself into the many openinjEs and- 

It isboundedonone sideby thestraitsof . h^Jlowf oUhe vyrqrk^iind thereby, from, 

the Menai; on another by the estuary. o§ it*s )jti«ngt|i bound the. irregular piecet, 

the Seipnt, e^^actly, where it receives., oi stone into a i&rm and solid walj. The 

the tide ifroip the. former j on the thicdr- mortar used in these walls has acquired^ - 

and part of the fourth, sides, by a cireek fro.miime, almost the hardness of stone.' 

of the Menai ; an^ ti.,e . remainder, lias,, Apng the .walls are three parallel rows 

the appearance of haying he insulation- o' circular holes, each nearly three ihcb-. 

completed by art, From a heap of rn^,^ es in diameter, whicl^pass through 

bish,.nparthe en^of the court, apecl)P, tjie whole tUicltne?ss a^id.at tbe end 

ippeats'several sy^Ubief very distinctly.., are others similar.. T^^re ha§ bce^r 

This castle, viewed from whs^pver star, "puch learned conjecture as to the de^^ 

tion .p«|sent« <% .^ofnamic singularity, ^'^ pf ^^eje holes, some have 8uppose4[ 

which iinpresses a piejksiag awe; Ji% 'liem to have been use4 for discharging. 

ivyl^cla^ walls Sppear in some parts dc- arrows thrf>ngh;, a^, the epemy,rotheii»i 

cayed, yv.hil'e in other* tbty retain .their? ^^^^ ^^^^V *w^ve bwn left to admit air,> 

aiicient form.* Wl^en =iye leflecfctiiat iti order, ic^ har<Je^ the liquid cement. 

this .eTectionhasflti[H)d'^b^;blast»Qf more; J^hich was pour/?^ ip.^ The R^y. W„ 

than 500 winters, it is surprising that it Bmgl^y t^njectur^f that, tiiey/ weie 

retains ^n appearance so Utile impairedi; ^^de, for the purpo^ of placing iHj 

The ^town is gpverperi byi a mayor,* tjiem poles to support th^ sc;aflfoldifig 

one alderman, two bailiff«„atown-cletk, V^ed in coiistructing th^ walls. . , ; ; 

and two sergeants at msec. The-re- " ?P"" ^^V o^ ^^^ en^in^nces in th^r 

presentati ve for tbe place i^ . elected by neighbourhood of Caernarvon, wp haye 

It's burgesses, and those of Conwyr ^ complete view of Anglesea, whence 

Pwllhel,i, Nefyn, and Cfickaeth. » ^^Y ^^ counted SI mouiitains, rang- 

Abomhalfamiles. of Caernarvon are ^^ ^ front. "This natural barrier 

a few walls, the triaing remains of Se«. admits but of five narrow and dan- 

gontiura, the ancjiept roman city, men-' gerous passes, guarded by five cities j 

ti'oned in the Itinerary of Antoninus, I>iganwy,atthe opening of the Conwy, 

called Caer,Segent, It is an oblong which leads to Sychnant, at the foot 06 

square, containing about 7 acres. Ott P^n Maen Mawr; Caer-rhun or Bwlch 

3 sides, parts of the walls' are standing, Y ^^^ Fean, enters Aber ; Dol y Felen, 

in one plac?, 1? of Uifeet high, and on at Nant Frangon, opens at Llandegai ; 

the fourth, the marfcs,-f>f the trench are DolBadern,at Nant Berris; and Ce-^ 

complete. A castle stood SO-yards dis* ^""*» *^ Nant tal y Llyn, betweei? Moel 

lant, upon the river Seiont. -> ^^^^^ ^^^ Mynneth Vawr."— Button. 

The roman road from I^inas Dinlle to ^^ Caernarvon lives a person who 

Segontium, and from thence to Dina* can play well on the ancient welsh m^ 

Dinorddwig, is, in S'>me places visible, strum^nt called theCrwth. In a 

Segontium received it»s name from thC) salt marsh opposite Caernarvon castle, 

river Seiont,which runs from the lower gr<>ws thp plantago .inaritima, p. coro- 

lake a| LUnberis. passes under the 4PP«?> trigli>chin.maritimum,samolu«. 

walls, and discharges itself into the ya^^randi, glaux maritima, euphorbia; 

Menaiv'near the caistle of Caernarvon, portl^ndica, &c. On the shore near 

It M been of an oblong /brm, and fof Uanvaglan, geranium mantimunir 

noerly.pccnpied about six acres oC chenopodium ma^itinaum, and.sUena 

gro^nd^ It is now divided) into two maritipaa. ., , 

parts by the roadwbicb leads to Bedd.^ ?*»« road frpi^n Caernarvon to Li^ak* 

geJert. • Not- f^, hence is the ancient- berk is mostly rugged- and unpleasant* 

fort which .^longed, to it; thia is also, lymg, /or half the way, over a flat and 

of an o!?long figure, and contains about btarren ippumry. But haying passed the 

an^acv^^ of ground. The walls are at first pf lower lake,'.tbeyale of Llanberia 

pi«s€iat abo\;t. H feQt high ^and 6, ii% presentssometruiygrahd scenery. The 

thickness, and ateachcomcr there ha* bold 4md prominent rocks which ascend 

been a.to>wer. The^Konans formed almost immediately from the edges of 

tH^^T^iwaUs by $r$t, placing the. stotoCfc the lake, and tower into the sky, cast a 

o*¥» UpPn anoth«^,'ge»eraHy in- two pl^witig glpom «pon the, landscape.- 



fit! GAER^A^VOK. r. 

The ih^^ttttnt ihovljitaliisofthe vale, of a mile and alialf in extent, Is on tb; 
ettibbiomin; the mofts«|^roiVn vilhse, right of the road. On if s farther edge, 
with the meadowy flat around it ; are and jiitt under Mynvdd Mawr, is Cv- 
tlten letiring in lines crossing each Utt Cidxem, i. e, Cidwm's Fort, a hi^ 
Other behind, in the most picturesque and steep rock, on the summit vf which 
manner, while the intermediate space it is said was once a fortification, as 2 
between the village is filled iip with a guard to the entrance of Snowdon. A- 
small lake, in which the mountains mong the mountains on the ri^ht is.s 
which bound it contrast their sombre smttUj^oolCzWedUyn^tkBarchen^fkeUh 
hue, and render the scene niost inter- tf Mesorf, on ^h'tch is a floating island, 
est ing. 8 or 9 yards in length, having a small 

' Two miles on the road to Beddoil- willow tree growing upon it. ft some- 
ART is a house called GUtngwna^ which times remains near the side for a cod- 
mr. Bingley thought one of 'the most siderable time and then is 'wsdfted is 
charming retreats m the principality, other parts. 



It is so sequestered as scarcely to be 
seen from the road. At about four 



The nearest toad to Ca^ cl Cvifc, 
from Caernarvon, is to proceed to die 



miles distance, occurs, ip front, a view village oi Llanddimden^ throoch U)e 



of Nant Gvyrfai (the vale of tresh water). 
A range of sloping roCks form's the mid- 



vale of ^ant FtangOH and Lfyn Ogwen. 
The usual route is through Bangor Id 



die distance. The towering rock of Conwy, which H much morecircuitoiB. 

Mynydd Mawr, rises behind, on the The road ToBANooais very delij^ 

right. Opposite, is the smooth and ful. The views, in every direction att 

Verdant mountain Moel EUir, (the fros- diversified and picturesque. To tbe 

ty hill). Mr. Bingley ascended this hjU right, is Snowdonia and it^s conconut- 

withoutmuch difficulty, and found the ana. On the left, the Aoglesea shofe, 

prospect from the top surpass his ex- With it's numerous inclosures, and rich 

pectations. Tbe rival mountains ap- plantations, intermingled with the seats 

peared.quite near, and beyond them the of Pltu Cach^ Plat fiewydd^ and Ftoi 

\^hole remaining extent ot thepromon- Laftddan; and the transparent Men?!, 

tory of Llyn, as tar as Aberdaron. Part opening with all the grandeur of anV 

df Cwcllyn pdol is seen just below, mcrican river, till hid by tlie th'ict 

from the edge of which the immense woods ot Vaenol. 

Mynydd Mawr rears his rugged sides. The road to Llanllypni skirts the 

Beyond, one of the Kantlle pools and coast, pres^ntin^ ah uninterrupted view 

Llyn Cwm Ffynnon. Southwards is a of the sea, the mounftains' ndled tiie 



■ Jong range of mountain summits and 
. hollows. At some distance the yellow 



HwaU and the turrets of Caernarvon 
Castle fading vway in the d'rstance. 



sands of Traeth Mawr. "The distant The mountain HHgwin shutting up the 
mountains of Merionethshire, close the scene to the left. 



Siene. On the south-east is a dreary 
Vaile, containing a small pool. Beyond, 



Mr. Skrine made an excursion Trem 
CaemarVot), to explore the long neck 



Snowdon is easily distinguished. " Part ot land, which forms the extreme point 
of the vale and lakes of Llanberis, with of it's cdunty, arid constitutes one horn 



polbadtem castle may be descried. Mr, 

, Bingley descended to the road not tar 

from the romantic little village of Bettws 



of th^ great bay of Cardigan. *' In '(his 
stef il and thinly inhdUted traclc^ icide- 
pendent of the distant views, he itiet 



Of Bettws Garmon, so called from it's with little to recompense the toilbrihe 
; chiirch being dedicated to Sti German- excursion* The principal hlsltfe^ he 
' us, who led tfie Britons to the famous visited, or which are to belbuo^, vrete 
"Allejiuia" victory, .obtained over thef tfce J)ooriowhB-'of Ao/^AeZ/iandCtrek- 
Saxons, jit 'Mafes GarAion, near Mold, hth and' the wretehed>lllag6 6f'f»CT- 
j^bout half a mile beyond, is a beadti-" rtwikVA'. R'etnnnhjj to Caernarvon, %ii 
■ fbl Uttfe cascade 'and bridge," at a place nekl objedt was to e^j^hiii^ "fhe ^orTd^ 
' czWed Nani Miil: But the n^ajestic df SV»owi5o^ ; but stoftfis, ^uliai^'tb 
' dionntaiii '6V Mynydd Mawr, and tlie thi^ uncefiaiYi' climate, j|f 6*1)^ ^Bisft-at- 
; Ibhi.Mdd FAlir on the' left,' tower so fd his 'design. Twice hfe'^t«eifej^t»d, 
..firrti'th above 4f as to make it appW invain,tbi^chlKi^l4kV5'fcBfett^i}'iifK! 
dfrrtirt'uliv^: ' Sgjrot^a tlie mill, SndWdbii #asx>bliged «► c6n«fe4>t hirti¥i^V!tif ttse 
' 'h s^'hi-Dn mirf felV Jgrfrlri^ his paM^d dfe*cVt(i(il ^m^'BR^o^^VAiL^f ^eflter- 
siiiil^mtt: ' A')^ol« cjiBed X/^ Q^€U^nl !iig.*thd g:^^^defildf 5f Ue ittt)tm!ai6s, 



.93 vp xyamfiOiymk . ^ 

soon c^mc Xn. fig^i^abe . caunicn Yt- osmcb « ttunttof^rfM .froiti'lMM^^ Ani 

Gtvyr/^ ^'.pzss^ i^ sileni imiaM- hM so limdi bnsinestof it't own, iMk 

mem. wider the. vast mouiiuiM'^f '4l)ieroadtarera ^elietal-veryKood^saitfy 

Mgel-Etlvrt CmUd Ceda/ynt and Mati wiiat is onutoal in Wales, tfie^lravelfer 

. Myntfdd Aj^tser, .the latter of wbicbiioie ;ofteo meets with dhrectionoposts in the 

. imme^iateijly from CweUwffniak^, oev divtiioni of' the road. The face of the 

'_ the extremity of which t|ie vaUey ppeo- islaiid is but litdc inrerestins topthctrav'- 

'ed, aad y Wjfdt^Op t^e Iqfty p^ak.of ^i^Uer, tho^ it affords a rich. harvest to 

Snow^QQ, towered^ ia the pi^de.of •fit- .the mineralogibt.' We passed thtougis 

periofity. A imsty.sk,y andrattempesttt- ,lb«ei villages pt Cetnland Uttng^, and 

ous day again pi^yeated mr. SlHiiae ^arriycd in the evening at LLANBftCRY<- 

from .attempting to ascend the britlsh fSitnn/' . rr 

alps,. ..To Aagknetytbereira ferry-boat 6* 

. In parsing intotl^ isle of Angleica, ver the Menai^ (the^iarrow water) e^ 

,mT«Aikinand hia companions waUufid vefr <iay» when t^ weather will per- 

^ong.thebeautifolshor^oftheMttiuiy nit. The boat alivays goes at high 

'which winds inaneasymaonerihinugh Water, and vyhen ready to set outgone 

;^t's wooded baiihs,.>Uk« a^large iriter, of the men blows a horn in the towj^ to 

for 4 miles, to Moehf'don F^mf, Thar collect the passengers. The landing* 

entrance intoAnglesea is thus described, place is at loTy Fo«/ Pre (the end o£ 

; ^ We passed into the Island under the the hill). In an excursion to Angle* 

' 'tlhSidf grove* of Plas'nevBjfddfPh.fGfaoyn, sea, mr. Bingley.was prevented from 

I Pht'LUundan, and PloMtixk, four lasge going roUnd the island by NewWoug^ 

, mans^pns^ of whkh the former is the Aberffra^, and Holyhead, by the sen 

residence o| lord Unbridgev The conn- having burst a bank nearAberlfraWt an^ 

tyof'ABgltiieahasa very diifereifttap- covered a thousand acres. Hethcrc^re 

; pearance from that of the opposite coast bounised along ttie Anglesea coast, a| 

■ of Caernarvon. It is in ^enerj^l. Bat, far as Mpel y-don ferry, am^ then took 
with some hins rising here and t^ere, the toad -leading to Holyhead by GwQ* 
but of inconsiderable height; the land ifly. '* Ft-om this coast," says tjiis intc^l^ 
is, for the most part, eouclosi^d^ and well ligent traveller, " th^. town of ^ aer^ar* 
covered with grass and corn ; the soil von, with the straits of Menai in fronj^ 
is but-ahaUow, and lime appears io^-be and the 'high grand mouou^is in the 
the general manure : indejed^ it jnay be back ground, vvere strikingly beautiful^ 

■ made^ unlv^salbbservatlon yi'ith re- rhfe scenery altogether, iijpo&sible, cx- 
I gard to l^orth Wales,, cha|t wherever f6eded in elegance and majesty wha)| 

jime.isto be i>a4, tjliie^roduce -both of thad before so much admired.between 

; Corn and girass is very abundant,. The Bangor and Caernarvon. Snow don 

' parts adjacent to the Nfen^ are finely was |)erfectly unclouded,. and his red 

wooded, but the trees commonlyshrfnk sides, brightened by ^he sun, were seen 

from the sw., and many of tiiemare en- gradually sloping, till they ended in ^ 

tireiy blighted from thai quarter. The in- point far 'above tUe lops bl the adjoining 

'. teriordfth6islahdisnlorenaked,butraisr mountains, each of which had it's beaut 

es'mu(:hcorn,and rears many cattle and ty,in the disposition .pi it's .lights an^ 

sheep. After walking a few miles to the shades, it's prominences and hollows.'^ 

NW.,' we turned round to enjoy a splen^ ' 'From Caernarvon, ror. Pennant cross* 

did yiefw of the grand chain of the Caer- ed the Menai to Taly Foel^ in Angle* 

' narVonshire moonuins, which we had ^fea j and thcnc6 to .2yc»^roMgA, or more 

just quitted. They extend across the properly khos-wirf 3 miles from the 

county From Penmaen-mawr, to Traeth- thor^', a place once the manor of on^. o^ 

mawr,i in dnt continued chain, whose ^he welslji priq<;e8s. . }t now subsists by 

outline is varied at irregular intervals a inanufacturieprintiaisapd jepes/m^<^ 

by conic peaks,towering above th^ rest ; of sea-reed grass^ ' ..A^ Vromleg in thif 

■ those rradually rise to the summit of neighbourhobd is an inscribed sjaj^ej 
Snowdon, and agaip as gradually de- mentioned by^ 9.ow lands. . i; ji^isn- 

' clinfe, till they terminate altpgethet iri ddtoyn toishj^xtenlJs^elos^fin^x,^^ 

' the northern liorn of Cardigan bay. As' s^a^and' terniijija|tip.s in a narrow peif^iji- 

we: recede frbtn this noble chain ol tuja^/ almost, entirely <:oyere^ ,iyijli| 

mountains,' the C9hneciing branches Und hills. V^Otit^epei^n^)^ ate the 

I sire lost, and only tfie ihsttlated j^eaks ruins' of the chiirch ; and. n^;^^ it -09 

appear in the borizot). Angleses( iis sO' remains of the prebendal house« 



95 CAERFim^r CASTLE. 0^ 

)Pf9m Newt>ofougb» [via* Pennant nuiie - 6. To Hat Tin Ao, «vt Covnts-viNn. 
an e^curtion to AitocSfrau^ t miles to tlie a'nd BiAVMAnt» in the whcrib 90 ntiks. 
V. He troBsed, at low water, the ann Cfot» the Meaai at Moely Doo fern, 
ot the «ea called A< tUUraeik ; • and rode 5 milet ; 3 mile* further l*lis Newydd: 
by Che church oi Uaa*(*adwaladr, said Smites to Uandaniel; 9 to Ltanvihiiy 
to have >beeD lounded by Cadwalader, ~gei^; Si to Llangchii ; 5i to Gwryndj 
last king of the fintons. . A mile df miles to Bodedyrn; 1^ to LA^nj^- 
pr two iarther-rtraohed the ute of the nedl; 3^ Holyhead iiUnd ; d| to Ho!r. 
princely residence caU^ Aberf raw, -head. To Amhurch 120 miles ; 2 nnlet 
now reduced to a Jew pooc housel, • ■/# 14ane1ian ; 20-mtlesto Beauman) 
seated . i)pon. the river > Ftraw, near-h 6^inta Amlwch port, to the ext^emifT 
small bay. From >Jewborou|[h ofDttlas bay; 6 to Red wharf bay; i 

ror. Pennant also Yiaited Llab Ioaw. to Pentraeth ; PUs Gwynn. From Beac- 
tXCVnHOHS nmns to Baron hill i mile; 1 mile to 

. ; oHid« by th^ Rfei. W. Bluffier. Pwarst -S to Fenmon Priory ; oif thi 

r •■<«>. <«/. i' 'Corner of Anclesea is Priestholrac. 

1.' ^",y'^ ^4 ""r "^ ^'''" '^ Cios^the Menai at Bangor ferry. 

prbceed only to Ctvm y <^lo ; thence ^aotvdon ' 

% a boat, to be previously bespoke. 

©olbadern casde ; cataract of Gaunanl ^<* Dolbadem C«9tle, on ibc Commcacmnt 

Mawr J on the upper ' lake a * Copper- *^' *" Wcunioii into Snowdooia, 6 niks, 

iiiitie ; ppposite the V.lUgc, Glyder : '^J^'"*;^ \^n^ r..». • 

pnowdbn, 4^ miles irom Dolbadera 



:.To and fion ficttMdera Casilev 13 mlks. 



^aitle. The ei^c ursiort would be more ' .. HcwborvughtS miks; thaacft'So Lisa U- 

complete irom LUnberis through the «Dr«ini|(*»PeiiBaiit. 

astonish. ng pass oi Cwm Glas into the -r leddgeUarf, 12 mi^ IMngtey. 

beautiluj valie* of* ^jint Hwynan, to — Mael|donFerrj,4miie», Aikia. 

Beddgelirt, 30 miles distant J and back • — D'O" D'n»€, 6 mile>i Bangor ^mile»; 

OverSndwdon. ' ' ' ' . 'Bi'tn Owyn, in Angk8ea,2aMleai backt» 

-• «. To THir SUMMIT o*^ Snowdon «y ; «»»Ro»',H"tto«- 

DotiBtADERN' CASTLE, distant i'Z mi^es. ]^u0r>^-^^^^,.^^.^i.^-^^,.0f*^^^^^'>^r'^^ 

Thei'e is' a tf^ck' somewhat nearer by , 

Elyn CweUyn in the road' to Beddgelart. From Pont y Pridd« 7 naiiet, Batber ;, Skrine. 

3. From Caermakvon to Llan- — CaerdilS;7miles,*M4ikiD. 

Iiwst, r^turhi^g by the vale of Ffestinir ' Mynhyr Txdttt, 17 miles, Evai». 

.eg, Tanybwich, and Beddgelart. By — ^^^^'^f Men. 12 ma«, Wyndhaoj 
Llanberi^ or Nant Frangon, ^'o CapeJ **'*"»«?«•• 

curig. Where is a good mn; Dolwydd- CAERPHILY CASTLE [or Caer- 
elan castle, 3 miles out of che road to ph(il,i, the castle of tia&ce] in Glamoc- 
Llanrwst; Rhaiadr y Wenol; Pent y ganfhire, occupies the centre of a smaJl 
Pair, near Bettws y Coed; pwydir; plain* and presents the idea of a ruined 
JLlanrwst bridge j Eagles Inn. Return town rather than a castle. It is by far 
by Bettws; falls of Penmachno J Smiles the largest ruin in Britain. The higli 
Irom Llanrwst, tb Penmachno; 8 to outer rampart, with it's massive abut: 
Ffestiniog: cataracts 6f the CynfaeJ; m^nts and frequent towers, still in a 
Tanybwich'; to Pont AberglasUyn 8 ^freat measure entire, cpnyeys at once 
miles ; 3 miles further is Beddgelart; 4 9 clear impression of the great .extent 
toLlynCwellyiijifo Bettws Qarmon ^ of the fortress* "In entering on aa 
5 to Caernarvon. . . examination of the ruin/' says mr.Bac 

\ 4. To THB Pools CALLED Llyniau ber, "we passed the barbican^ no^. 
Kantll'e, andSlat'f Quarries neair built up into habitations^ and^prpcced- 
Llanllyfni. On horseback or^ on foot, ing. between two dilapidated t^M^e^ 
SSmilesin the whole.', /;;. ' * entered the ^great area of the castjex, A 

5: -Upon TH^WATkR to the^^djaccn^ Vange of building beneath the raiiipa^ 
pans of Anglesea, and Priesthoilme is- on our right, once formedtbe ba^cj^f 
land.' ' A small decked cutter, to liold oj the garrison., We tien adva^r^ \p 



97 ^ GABUBHIIiSr. €ABTUE. 98 

evedfltte^^CSMlt^yin 4i«tincti6ii.:ftom' nuuns ofit's drawbtid^QtiHldefehdccis 
the ettdldiiig atefai and iV$ walL C&am4 outwork, may be considered astfae mofet 
bering over the fragments of another entire part < of t^ ruin* An actiflcial 
draw^idgeand it*s {defending tower^ mound iomedistanceol^ but within the 
we entered the ilnt court, which- ap* works of the castle^ was most likely 
pears ^ ft^ hzif^ comprised, the- citadel* used fior exploratory purposes. FroM th0. 
Thende w« passed through alarge ^ate?* great plaa of this castle, and there be^ 
way, wHb seva»i groves, for portoulr ing no direct evidence to the cohtiaryj 
Uses, to the principal court of tht castleJ it's foundation has been attributed to the 
The area pfttu# court is 70 yards by 40. Romans; but it sufficiemiy appears,. 
On the s« side is thatprincely ^partriientj that no considerable part of the present 
by some considered' the hall, and by fortresswas: bulk by them, as the ptC"* 
others -the^ chapel.: But 'whichever' it datory army of Rhys Ty can took and 
may liave been, veistiget'of much oii|;-> rased CaerphilycastlC' in H2U Mhe 
inal beauty i^^r in the elegant out" best supported opibtou is that of the 
line of* it's four large windows; ithe Hon, I^unes Barrington, who.attributes 
grand proportidns of the chtmney*piecei the presentereetion to Edward 1. Oaer« 
and the light triplet pillars, with arches; phily has lately increased froM bo cbi 
which go round the xoom. The ap^ scurf; village to a well-built little to^i^&j 
peaiasice of meitice-holes. ip: the- warn and th^- ree^table. appearanceofit^s 
for thq ends of beams j -at tbie^heighiiof two inns may be in a great.measo^e 
about the iniddle of the windows^ led datedfrom ttfi great increase oitheivis- 
Camden to suppose tHat the cfeiltug wsu itanu pf the ica&die; ' Upon a mouiitaxil 
pvoji^tlsd thence^ and that an^apartment near Caert)hilyi is a inonuiment'kBDwti 
above.wasltghoedbyithe upper portion by thejiame of K Maeu Hn ■: *Xt is^i 
of the windows;; but surety at a time quadrangular stone piUair rathev 'inclin-r 
when symmetry in building wai so well ing, and afcoul 8 feet high : cl6se to'the • 
cultivated, and where it appears to have base is a mound, inclosing the space of 
been so : successfully applied, . such • a 6 yards, andin the midst, a square ared; 
ridiculous contrivance could not have On the pillar is an insciiption in Welisb» 
taken place:, more probably from Chose which signifies, '^Mayest thoii a* 
mortices ^ 4upport wasiderived^^fdra wake;*^ from which it is inferred that 
lofty, arched roof ^ or k fallery;' tPh^ ex* it is a fu neral monument.' * 
ternal suircase-entrance to ihe hall Mr. Wyiidham remarks Chat there is 
spoken of by -Camden^ '* the roof where- a striking trstneition iff the language 
of is vaulted and supported by 20 arch- of: Caerphily, when compared with that 
es/' is^noW' rendered nearly impassa- of Monmouth, at only two miles dib- 
ble by rabbish. Eastward of the hall, tance. The buildings, manners, dress; * 
isa leaning tower. This bnlkyjragment and language of the former are strictly 
of the ruin is between 70 and -80 feet welsh ; but atdds, that << the welsh lan- 
in height, slnd of a prodigious thickness; guage is sensibly dcdHning in every 
It hangs. nearly eleven feet out of the place where the connection with £ng- 
perpendicular^ and is only held togeth-^* lahd is easy; and possibly, within a cent- 
er by the strength of it's cement. It tury, a traveller may meet With as much 
has stood/in this position for maoy cen- difficulty, in his researches after the re^ 
turiesj . o . The . cause . mnit have arisen mains of the welsh language,' along the 
from a>:local failure.'in' the foundacioni, coasts and marches of Wales^ as mr. 
or frdm the effects 6i a mine. ^Neiar Barrtngtdn did in hi«tO\:^ through Com- 
this part of the hiin a«place:is shewn wiall, in pursuit of the cortf^sh; where 
called': the .mint,-: wkh the'^semalHsiolf he found but one old woman, nearly 
two furnaces for melting'tiietal. FrbM 90 years of age^' who could' speak it, 
this chamber we 'ascended a Spivai and bttt two other old woti^en. Who 
stair^casetothe corridOry stilL invery could- Understand her. ' 
good'preservatioa; wl^ch, lightedr^jfy ^ On the road to CAERdiFtf occurs 
sttiallwindbws^and^ pasting round ithe T^AornW//, an elevation uricommoniy 
principal court, formed a commuhica- grand*' •"• '- 

tion with the different ap^rtmentstjj^e 'The wide plain of CaerdifT affords, 
e^terns|l,Yieii)t^'pf,)lie western eRljrance f*t mahy tti lies, gratifying ptbis^ects of 
of the ruin, with it's ponderous ,ciiKu- various cultivation, and several village 
lar towertiifenerablyshadedWithiiryy is esy 4he elAring whitened walls of 
remarkably itriking) attd, With-tfle re- Wife'rt:*!^ «bnti>tly break throiigh theit 



99 GAERPHILT CASTtE. W 

fumranding dMgo* The rotset faoe the battle wkkli intsfilnfhtafiqKFiCf 
of an eiOantive wanes, Tariet the scow hanMi's conquett. Up.si afe^Meeat, 
erf* At the terminadoi^ of this tract winding round upona height, is seen a 
the eiBpanstve Severn it dencdied, in Quaker't bwial pktde« ^kwtiy be- 
yi/hioh the two islands of the wieep and yond^ on the curioutl^QeiaiKali^tuaw 
/aiAi/itf!iarepreteDtsd.FardiBtant,the pike-«oad iwm Merthyv Tydvil to 
botdhUlacffSomenetshireformtl^back Gaerdiffi isa bndge over tiie barged 
gtoondw • Deseendiin^ Irem the higher Tirfie River, at it's junctioQ wkb the 
•[rounds which comAiand the scenery TAIfe. Mr. hbdhin being infornied thai 
itttt mentiotted, a.. good road leada to the dilrect road to Mertber Tydrtl was 
CaerdHf^ The epiacbliaLrwns of LUtn'» nearly acontinued range of moiiatain« 
. daff jmay be seed at^ii small distance on otfs and unrelieved baireanetS). he took 
ihe:rt4;ht. ai circaitona rout^ and benfebia steps 

Mr. Etrant procteded b^rer a mount i^jmt the fieeder to the.caadi* to«rards 
tainamsctountry toC|wrditf;tHlhe en^ Nem-Brijg^, Atthe.oaii^ aquednct, 
tered upon a road loading thi»>ttghthicft a« irqn-raiMay eedsi Affturningover 
woods atidstedp deciivitissiotD the vale the aoueduct into the W0k t^Cfwrno, the 
be had lately left. He eonipares th^ right tnnk of that river ^eads to tiie vii- 
nmghnfte inddiffleulty of >paiknig this li^ of i^^erdore. Thbi vale, cocrtaifis 
itadfarmed by.thellindAoods^to the iCEtfwreajo6pecuUflrattraclia»; Bamely 
appianwayw ftiiMjesticguoveoCroBhSya v^evy pictnr* 

Thete is a goodroad to Ptnn t Pacani^ ea^^e hoHow path oveiMhaJded/ttith lof- 
but ia order to ^aia ily a large part of ty Jtrecai The tnaditheiknwt «beaide ths 
die way to Caerdiffm^t be passed. OiuuiD«.the bed Of whLsh* ia shallow. 
Msi WyodhaBL therefoie engaged ± Near thia place is aa alpine brid^e^ The 
^ide to conduce him over the nioun<b ¥aUey then opena^ thio taahk taking a 
tain, of EglufyiiflUan, He found the higher leveV on tiie.nvavntaia^ side. 
jpHTdspecits thence 'wery extensive^ but the §iiit € nulea short of the tilAas^e is a cob« 
desiBaeaii^tD tliebridse was disagreeable, fined, yet aaost engagingly riNsiantie 
,r- To Font y f ool^ the :roa4 lies over and beautiAil view. It consisu of three 
«wild and uninteresting ti'ack. meadows, summnded by groves of oaks 

Theroad to M«RTHy.ftTYDvttf winds and :fir. V 1 did. 4iot visit," says mr. 
through Ystmd.F9i«t but mr. Malkin Maikio; '.'eithectheworksolAberdare 
(fiooseithe road over EfslM^syllmn moun- or the HirwAn FumoMy whose cohsmos 
toiii, wh^ch is a horoe-path* Btitrgln is of smoke, rising fjcom it^< statiao at the 
liand^owely and well laid out, with black and barren extremity oC this Al- 
•woods 9\ the back and sides. The as* pine mdye,, obscure, and. stifle those ib«> 
jppe^tSq the $s. oemmands a striking view ?al images* pttodaced on the iuaginatton 
«f thfe.pla^n^ hemmed in by mountabas, by the spokftinfe creations of auattre: 
wiihthe;augu9(cas^,;^Caerphiiky'ua> su<^ artfadngements ase every where 
dey.^the eye« Ji^yond a f^rm house up^ similar/' The church of .Abetdare is 
.oori^Q.^t. top. qf the mounttiin^ yoM a meap and tasteless appendagev The 
i^ye. Ys^mdvale toti^ rig1>t, while the road to Merthyr Tydvii Hea aefcsss . the 
.vaAe Qif Taf& ipf>^r« on the left. This mountain, which .separates it fison^ A* 
.disiriiet. ii'wi^^ipt^rininjgled withoci- berdare, passing by the HirWan feao- 
<aa'MMi«/^9v^tivatijoi\. and beauty. As acei... From the. summit, wflich is of 
thA j^^nlatUig line, of brufthwood ia mggiod and toilsome ascent^ the town 
JU^,VBUey», ,wh^ overhangs, the Remi. of. Merthyr Tydvii is" latrettrhed un- 
:>Py; .tl\^ ni^nsion of . 4^/9s^rad«c^^ the der cbe.eye. The valeisjof^otiaidera- 
co^tages of .ihe,€APiv% of >W««»sAo»be*- We width^ with a sprinkling of success- 
Wwthe mpun^ain »op,one:side, Cevra i^i jCuUivatioii? 'the moumaiiafl are 
.Hesgofl4(Wthe»qthor*tUeweU-iiiooid«d bJeak, barreo^.and devoid (of "wood; 
grounds about Ge%g<M-^ in front} ter- overspread with .the habotaiiaDS, of 
.miaating Ijy. ti>e peaks aif M^nptchdeny masters,, agents, engineers and rv^^ork- 
.caUf4 4^: l^redinaeksi^re beacom^ fot- men^, fixejd in the teeth of abundant ob- 
'ming part of the chain from LlandUo stades* • 

YawrtQiCrickhowel. Al^ftttt 2. miles 



.from C^Qrphily, ii>. thi». direction, wsc 
several ^umulif, in which have been 
found bucnt bones. Descending th« 
piiountain, the rpad.tp t.hel!9(i;l«es^n.<he 
vale near Gcltygarc, remarkable from 



Tb cs^nHflr, 9 ttiles, ftaTberf W^trA«r.' 

^'Meilhyr TydviT, 17 Mili^ mO&Ai 

I Bsckta-Cse^dtfffCvaasi ' '■"<': 

^' 7Yfprit?yjfddd»7 m^joii Wyndhsmv - 

- >T-'jfton«fl pool, IQ ii|iteSi»OS^lc'i.« 



61t>6;7/\ 



■ '^ - • ' ' • ' '^ ■ • ' • examiAedthltpafreiiiemabbuttfieyeair 

.Ffi)mlMglii»Vtti«aHi»*rt».'' • ' - i^O^j and says, «« the whole coftjposi- 

. ; ..^IPenhair ChstlcSipilj^J?Wfr. ; tioii -is so elegant aiftd well executed, 

New Passage Inn. 2§ miles, Xoxcj ^^^^ I ^^j^^^ j^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ Surpassed 

Ba^'f^Dlll^inllfe.Ct..e. ^^f / ««^ pavement Which- i^b 

Vvfm Calcj-Kibt CasU«, tJ rhilfer, Donovan ; o«f « discovered on this,' dr even fh6 
^ EWns; ivyndhamj Sikritfe; Warrfer. ?t^r side the Alps. In ihjr opinion', 

• itisequadtothoscbeauUftfl'pdv^meiitfe 

CAEHWENT, or.^Qaergwent, the whichare preserved in the palace of the 
city ot Gwentland, formerly the Ven- kingof N*apl(5s atPoTti'cI. lamstrohg- 
U §iljirum of the Rbmarf^, jn; M6n- lyindineB to think that^it U of thfe 
hiout&shire,'occupies a gemly inclining same age of Agricola." On the di«*- 
piw%in a-.lQW situation. A few small coveiy of this, pavement, r*. building 
dweUing« mark id's site. . The fortifica- :^.^ erected to shelter U from the 
tiQ;ifrforma«^bloBgj)aialellogTam,the weather, by order of the ptopiietor, 
dimensioijs'of which are^505 yards, by mr, Lewis, of St. Pi«rre; Afterwards, 
p5Q, with thp corneirs a m\6 rounded j the occupier wanting; a robfto Mslirew- 
a figure frequent, in ifo^fn^; military house, took thfe liberty of xeWovlng ffiat 
works,, called terriatac^tta. Oo the which covei'^d the Mvement. Infcon- 
8w.sidearethredJ)ent^gpnal bastions^ sfCqueA^e o^ which aepredation,/his 
frofi^ lyhich circumsCahce^^^^ cur^sity ^^fjc^nie.sp brokea up tjiat a 

hay^^.conjpctured that the erection of small portion only of the tessera^ re- 
the town ti9pk place ^J^^^^J^^ }^^^i mains, and those are so overgrown 
empiie, is flanging projections 'were wTtli gfafc as^^afcely to" be'^distmgmsR: 
not in use before thatperjod; but mr. ed-Jnthfe y*arl7rrrr, mr. 'Wtifdhnmiia- 
BarWAinks it is just %d suppose that gain exaHK^ned rtiis pttvemtef, afcd-says, 
they Vere added after the $eperal em- " The.origin^llevei was pf i;fjectjy pjre- 
tattleraent. "^he circuit of the rampart ser'ycd i it had a border edg©4 witl^th^ 
may s^ill be traced, which is ^ mile in greek scroll and fret, and scarcely a 
extent,, in most places surrounded by ,aj stone wa$,p[iissing,*' Mr. Lewis of St, 
deep moatjthewaLlli& formed of grout-. Pierre isnpn^ore;, what motive ma]l 
work faced with s<iuafedlim'?-stone J but, actuate his. successor hasnot been as<* 
most of the facings hav^ been removed, certained, Mivli., * 

A fragment of tlje .wall, nearly 20 feet In tije grounds belonging to t^6 Biiev, • 
in length,, and I ^ high has fallen unshat-' xx\t. Williams, has lately beduj disco vei-f 
tered near the southern angAeu This, gd, under a superficial cru&t Jof eartiv* 
spot once crowded with, palaces anc^ another tessela&ed pavement^. At thes 
temples,. presents only ^he church and distance of a few yards, the fragmeni; 
parsonage, a farn\ house, a public houae^ ojr.a noble ycap.itai, and shaft of a pillar^ 
and a few sca^t^ed cottages ; but an. seem, to ipdicate the remains of a ro-\ 
cient foundations, proje9ting^above the man temple or other majestic edifice^ 
level^. appear in many places, and ele- The portion of the pillar shaft, a mas- 
gaot cQlvmns, lesselatcd pavcmentj^ sive fragment, ornamented with folia- 
andcoin/^f ,/are, contii?ually met with ia tions,. at presept is one. of the suppor-' 
ploughing^ auad digging. The sam- ters of a whpatstack! 
bucus ebuius,; or dwarf elder, calle4 . At Caerwent, mr. Barb^ prcjectedr 
in Weii^,..dawl,e gwad gwyr marw,) an excursion, comprising the. j^ixcasn 
grows among the ruins i^, a field with7 ties mentioned by the auth9^>pf ,<*Se* 
oUt the western WalL . . _ . • ; cret Meffipirs of j^oniaouthshire," a|i^ 

. The 3ullismentioned;a&agOodini),; surroiinding. the forest qf Wentvoood^ 
A Tes^iated pr Mosaic, Pavement^ haipp^y, Dvnhs^m, Penho^, Peincoedy 
di8Covejifed:,ial7 ^ , and wa? formerly Lanva8ches,.Lla»vair,?in4 pastrogy or, 
much.admired, is in an orchard behind a StriguiL . A bridle-road,, extending tQ 
farm-hquse. It is 24 feet in length and 1 ft Sbire Nexoto^^ condHCJtis, the ttaveUer 
inbread^l^,.. The pieces of which the; -^0 Pi !!^HAM. .>.,.-,..».,,. > 

pavemeiiti is composed ,are ; nearly Tberpad to CAi.pECOT\(pASTJLKlie% 
sqqar^, a^d aj^otit the size of -a common across >a fruitful country, .pieasipg^Ly; 
die. These ai;eqfyarip4s.-colouTS, blue, vacied with woods and pastures, .,..,. 
white, yello}«f,.^d red; the first and T9 .?*N*iaw Castl« .the trayell^r 
secoB^-are of ^tone, aiid.the yellow, crpss^^tJicsmaUrivuletof Nc^rn, voi> 
and red of terra cotta. Mr. Wyndham the western 'side of Caerwent, and tft^ 



10^ CAERWYS. . CKLDBCiXr CASTLE. 10* 

road jcx>nduct8 him through a tract of bo oblit, Mttltitodct of f w wlf are 

fertile country pleasingly diversified, •cattwcd oyer the acigfabo u f hood. This 
>lr. Warner ascended to this castle plain, probably, hat been a fiold of 
fro^i the s\gQ of the Rock and Fountain, battle, 
near the 8th mile stone from Newport, to SL Asaph, 7 mites, Warner. 



Up the hill wliich rises immediately op- 
posite to it The view from this ele- 
vation he mentions as being exceed- 
inj;ly fine,. , 

Quitting the Newport-road at Caer- 
W^nt, mr. Skrine visited Llanvaie 

pASTLB. 

f o Ca«rleon, 9 miles, Wjmdham i Evans. 
^ Dlaham, I mile, Coxj J. T. B«rber re- 
tttrocd from Penhow Castle, to Caenrent, 



• HolyweU, 5 mUet, Wjodham. 
Mr. Peonant^ fint ExcuraioB ended wBk Hiis 
village. 



Cox; 



From Caerwent, l) miles, Barber. 
— — New Paanfet S miles, Erans; 

Donovan ; Skrine ; Warner. 
Pram Striguil Castle, (through Shiin 

Moanton, Chepstow) 14 orilcs, Wjmdfanm. 

CADLECOT CASTLE, in Mon- 



FromMold,15 miles, Pennant I Warner. 
*— Den^gb, 10 milei, Wfndbam. 



Smllea.then«etoCaldeootCaitle,IJmile» i^outhshirc, Usttliatcdin ah undiver^ 

^LUaw,l§m»lej^Wara«r;8^ sified swampy plain. iU calculated to 

•- Caerleon, after returning from Dinbam, — ?»»„ lil'A-,^^. xn^^^A r-^— 

along the course of the roman road, which «* off, it s importance. Viewed fr^m 

was cAUed Julia Strata, bj way or Penhow an elevatipn in the approach, the tow- 

castle Matkln. ers aiid ditad^l appear sunk and undis- 

•^ Penhow eaauie,3 mllet, Donovan; War- tin^ruish^d from the curtain wail of the 

ner^9d.Walk. ' fortification: but on a nearer ihspec- 

tion the ruin riles into importance; 
and the aspect of it's chief entrance, a 
large gothic gateway guarded by two 
massive projecting towers, is truly 
CAERWYS, or Caer gwys, a village grand. The light gray masonry of this 
of Flint, was formerly a place of great entrance is agreeably relieved by a 
consequence ; hut it's magnificence is profusion of ivy, overspreading^ nearly 
extinct. The great sesiion for the the whole of one tower, and throwing 
^unty of Flint was held here, for ihany the broad shadow of it's pendant foliage 
ages;- but it's ancient popularity arose upon part of the other. Within the por- 
Chiefly from it's being the Olympia of tal the grooves of two portcuUisses arc 
Korth Wales, the theatre where the apparent. There are holes also in the 
British bards poured forth their extern- arch, probably intended for pouring 
poraneous effusions, or awakened their down melted lead upon the besiegen. 
harps to melody, in trials of skill insti- 6n entering the court, there appears 
^tttted by law and held at this place with some remains of the baronial hall, and 
great form and ceremony. This meeting the foundations of other buildings, 
called Eisteddfod was renewed on the within the area of the walls, are appar- 
29 of May 1798, through the encour- ent. AsmallartificialtnountattheKs. 
agement-of mr. Owen Jones of London, angle of the ruin sustains the citadel, a 
The compositions produced were nu- lofty round tower; to which last 'resort 
merous and animated. The judges de- of the garrison a ready cohnDttriitcation 
cided in favour of Robert ap Da^dd^ of seems to have been conducted on the 
Nantglyn, in Denbighshire, known a- walls, from the differem towers and oth- 
mon^^ the bards by ^the name of Robin er parts of the fortress ; the whole of 
Ddu o Nantglyn. The next to him in which is surrounded by a broad and deep 
point of merit, was Thomas Edwards o'r moat. — J. T. Barber. The early his- 
Naht. Robert Foulks, of St. Asaph, toryofthis castle isuncertain: some have 
was declared'to be the pencedd dafod, conjectured that part of it was btrtlt by 
or chief vdcar performer: and Wm. Harold; and indeed a round tower on 
Jones, of Gwythen to be the pencerdd the sw. side of the castle, with a circu- 
dant, ,or th^' chief harper. Mr. iarly arched entrance, bears a saxoa 

Pennant says, that a number of copper character ; but the general architecture 
coins havebeen found in a bottom be- of the building is gothic. ft appean 
low the town ; and there still remains from mr. Cox's illustration, that Calde- 
in the parish, a lat'm inscription, cut in cot castle was the private property of 
rtidb letters, u)Kni an unhewn upright the great Bohuo familjr,- possessing tiie 
ftone, to this effect: •* Hi6 jacii mulier earldom of Hereford, who were here- 



tǤ CANN <ft910L CA^L CURIG. IftS 

ditaty iedtosiatoet of Eiiglsttid. - COfeati ihh; from a design'by mr. Wyatt. , Tl4' 

«^cA fft' att iext«nlive and, highly ortia* Valeo'f CapelCurig. isboundedby ISiiq^. 

flnentc)d. gothic ttrticture, at preient don aiidhic surrounding xnouiviiaW; af^ 

Strangely dtsproportitMied to the scanty fording a most picturesque landsCapi^, 

A(>i:k Vhkh it has to fold. The win- Here is that variety of woodihtl waiet 

dbiVs contain some renUin^ of painW of which many of the wetih yalfes arjp 

glasir. ' ," . ' defective. ** Every curious and boh^ 

To Caiiwbnt the traveller passes templative bbserver of the ' koblimitlei 

th^ pfettjr village of Crielt, situated near of nature will certainly ht happy in 

tbef junction of four roads Which lead to knowing that the very centre of Etyn 

Pdrthtketbyddf Shire NetuMi; Si, Piertty has been rendered accessible ev^b tQ 

and t^ABftwxirr. The Uttt of these roads carriages, by a contlnuationof the road 

i$f said to be the Vitt JuRd of the Ro- through the romantic vale oflfaniPrttnL 

VWaiis, and many heWn stones and traces gon to Capet. Curig, From this Spot the 

of sdlid masonry of the; foundation of the recesses of Snowdonia may b^ trivers- 

C^useway may yet b(e p<^eived. ed at lieisiire; knd with the satisfaction 

' ' ' Oi\t tbc^iroad to ymi Ntw^p awx oe is of having "Within reach the 'nopn-day 

l^s^the Kevem-brcJokj and soon af- repast, and* the evening tetrrenient" 

ter the small h^mXet 6^ Pf>t^Mewydd — Fromaiiote to " Beaumari«-bay/' a 

fdirfieWy washfed by th^ tea, which has po^ni. . 

^inte r^e^dedtipwardibrf i mile. trCi^M Cap^l Curig,' Snowdon ^d all 

.To^A;^NiwPa«i.;.2 mites, paibir.: . hi^^^^f With the contiguojft'mpun- 

. B^e^ V>.?heMejf PaiMgc, Cox!. . : f*"^»'>^"^ « oncc full ifi VisW, mak- 

TaCaerwent, 2 milft, Donovan: Cyans; mg this the finest approach to our bo^str 

' Wy^^hamiSkxiakiVitMr. ' ' ed Alpf. Tht" biiund^riej^' pf thii y we 

'^Jc^^^^^^J^J^Jr^^rsdr^^j^^m^ ' are ow cJne side^ the base of the;cro6ked 

• ^*^r>TT3. . ■i^T'^ • "mountain,, ikfoe/ ttaiod; on the other^ 

■ trota.iianvalr, Mont ^ miles;' feyant. Olyd^ hach\ The middle is varied by 

-■ -^'Mallvydd,ti>ii*i,Sk>fDc. two'sraalllakes j at some distiAce be- 

»• 'H^ ^iJvr^OjFIoi, Pr the Ippdf Cann, l^^.^^^^^^ P^-l V S^nf^> »'^- ?enhan>; 




_ariy timt^ w» vmv <«.»xww9, .».**. .w..iv ^ ' ,. . , .m, sa i 

druidlc. remains in the vittniiy favour Jteep and laborlbi», covered X)^itllfo6si 

this' 6i;y^logy, l^e Jic^pnimo- l^'*!"** o^ '^»- '^^^ ar^i,>» oCr 

datibhh^re is said to be very indifferent, tiipicdwrth groups ofcolunti^arstohes, 

The,road to Mallwyd, conslsti of ?^.^a*V*^^f ^^m' 10 to 30 f^e^ W 

flq^J'Sitches' and abrupt piings^ ' and h^^t^^ ^! d?rectiOns. Man)^ tff thfe 

Druptand 

^cvcraXfiniiiwi. «.wa >#«%>« *• •>•>« .u^^^as*, «»" .. - ^ > . , , 

bouWSg with the' carriition. the erio- pture, Aungup by sdhie mighty inters 

phorjftn polysiachiqn, the n^efica c.cpn;, hal conv^Ufon ; for had they W the 



.^ '^4' the four andron^pda poU folia, •ettled strata; they would haye ^etjujied 

W^ great ejttent of i2w/«y-iiwor, ^nd *f ''^K^lar appearande. Ofae sJcfc of 

1/m%-W, excite theideaof dreariness. **»!* mountam is formed into' a gap, 

Tl;es^wifds of Merioneth fyrnish the ^^^*» ^^^"^ «><*•» pointing ujm-ard*, 

trav^Jlclr with hum^ nature almost, in jne above the other, to a great height. 

it's rudest state. ^Evans, In the midst of a vale, far beloW, rises 

- '"^ '' ' '■' the singular mountain Tr«flen»assum- 

^^\^^m,um^f^mi^»n^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ Passed o^fer a 

■'^'"^''^^^^^^^^'^^^^^^^-^^-^^'^i^'^'-^^^ plain, nearly a mile broad, cjill€?d Y 

n^m iNntrtaogott, Bfa^sff. fFaen Qer, the chilly mountainous flat. 

«rT^ COTttrron, go wUc», Hattwi. Observed from the edge, in a tremend- 

Uannrtt,? mles, Aikm j feaatiit. ^^ ^^^^ ^Jyn y Boch Uwyd, or the 

GAPEL C€RIG» coniistt of a few lake of the grey coat ; and in the bot- 

cottages and a chapel, utuated between torn of t^ie valley, near the foot of the 

Lla^vWiit and Carnarvon, where lord Trevaen, X/y» ogicen. From Waenoer, 

Penrhyn has built asmallbtit comfortable made ahazardous descent tg Cwm boclK 



107 c-CAI^.<H|*|ft.--^A-, J^ 

Jliwyd, Md thence to ^lf» o^<n, T)ie ^e^al^ic^,ffif .fsm^ \A:^,M^emog 

way fi^om tjtiat place into the valley, or roa^ mo w,}t9iicoi lAJk»^tk%Mfi, Pass 
rather chasih of Nant Frangoo, is called by a t^ff^d .t^^vi; c^^ed JRkiw ytCi^der, 
t)ic Ben-glog. On one side» In a.dcep noted. tut It'i*vafAety4)fplaots. Tbence 
hpUo.w/fQrined under fallen rocks, wa» descend j^y |9Ae«ijf«KV> toon aftffi vht 
once the hiding place of Hhys Goch o*r it the^nudi^^L^^c^Lcd Uymit Cwm» wa- 
Eryri, Hhys the Red, of Snowdon; ft ed for'Giraldus's tale of the iish it 
a mountain bard,, patronized by Robr vielded,beH)g>-niQ9)qcVaY>W9lt^8 the 
eri ap Meredydd» a paniz^n of Glyn- left eye. ^Tg lvalue ^MQcipndft (6^ t^&|M}ol 
dwr, ah QMtlawcd chiefti^in* of whose being withoi^i^sb,ttiebota»i«tiiriu find 
fortppe^ he partook. Thp^ Trcyaen, in it ^he 4o!y<ip %dofitM»nnj», ftubu^am 
troip th)« bottom, makes a singular ap- aquatici^ is^^^^ jiacit^riif ,aja4'9^ ^ 
p,earancey resembling a human face, re- distant jm^c\^t tTi|idi|Sr,bieaicijis«i aX^- 
^Uhed backWrfrdi Begin another puni* iiMbu^ j^KatUis^ «oii4ago cambri- 

har.d a$c^nt),o Cwm UwcU, ii^(j9imous for ca. Ift. tigif .49We»«» l^^ve 90. Uiexigbi 
j\xt 'paijrder of a young prince of tha; Glider ffofiur, A^d Qiiiifr :i^chp pa^ o( 
name. , "Ke^r this place is a,9uarry, not- (bebouJodacii^ pTAo^.^f^u^ao^; ai^i^ 
ib^, (or .excellent bones/ A new and in that v^le- by.jC^n^i^^^JS^gfr -ot^ 
If ieatieii Vi r i* ^o be undergone in as- jingle ottbfc^emy^ ".,, . ^ 
ceriding from Cwm Idwal^ t9 the After lea vij9{(Capel C^rig #prJ)oi^ 
fiP^K^I-'rip^^d^'f^ibed.. .T;^p.jW^y.lieS wYDDEi,(iw. p^?Ti* ptcjqe^disij^a^ 
pejjteafh that vast precipice pujc/^O'^f' 2 miles, the traveller Should take the 
j/Tjj.'the i^tle QC.the gO/^U. "^.Str^^^ road to^llie light, 
of st^ji^^^.^ch of a large size/ points Havinj^ advanced trbjQfi Cap^t l^wig 
i^y wajfl]|jt{)p cwm, which r^ui^. pu^cb To Li At*iiERi>^)fovir jitiiip^ tJxe'^pac( di- 
j^qtivityand bodily strength tp clamber vides, the lett is the road t6 Beddgeleit, 
Q,ycr/ Deserve, .on the right, a stupenf tK^rtghfldSids^tonghariandiiishinsiy 
a^i^ stj^li'jroc^,' called Xu'^/-^(i,^D^,th^ romantic pass wUed IM?* jf . (SJi^tii'J'/. 
jt^3v\i;^;ki,t,^en ; a horrible ;5fi|p, in ]tl^ to the vale 9,f,I.ahberis. ' tsee. J^lanber- 
<^^jptreQ^a,£reatblack pic<5pjce, ex- is.] , Thefocksonboth*|dpaAciaripa 
)^nd}^n^ m length about^ liQ'jrapds ; .io vast hei^'hi.* ' Oii the right the't^oon- 
<)eptli^',aP.wi IO.O; andojxiy,;%U\y4dej tains are'liiniahy places covered wift 
^9}pe^di.c,Ularlyopen>.,t,l?'e,!^\i5^^ upri|Hj:'|b6rumnar rbcks, the ffgur^bf 
j^Ije. ja^^vup^^ii?^. The .waters ot ifW«4f which Is fefcuial-Wpenia^6nal, wjittij^^ne 
ixpm^ i)npep«u^y ru8h-^rj>j^ bf the s|A^gs;jif^ smaller than tie re$t. 

^qttpm, ;. , KeJ^cl^ Jhe Olytl^^ v<m^ . J^i>4 "A line between hedjge-irows intjcbaucej 

j^ifer.f as-dreadf^il a j]^?«;c^pic,e.as an^ uri thfe wiv ^o CtftMioofe^'mr,.Hij^oi! 
p^3nQ;iy,donia,( hanging .o.Y,^r the, waters p^i^e'A'Mcf(wf y Coeil (the sUtib'n ho the 
of ji^ xdvQoji. \^ This neijgi\boVhoD<} w^od^j^tfiCrtJ^d running be|idfeiiieLIi^- 
W oj.g^pat ijQt^ a^ohg l;>0|t4nisu (qr wy'/or fTve miles, and isenc][q«ea^bya 
^arej^lants. 'T,biBIiTWe^t,{rpm (^^yd^y fan^'e (^f'mft^'tains on each h.in<i. A 
ioapjr is yery. grand. .Siipwf^9fk i5,sqen Walk to tfjejfftht, up thfesebadksT^rp' 
to preal^dyanta^e ; tW^^ep'yaJie ,Qf duci^s ^SAftie^'w^^ yh^i rdfflu^aod 
J4^nb5^i|^; and it!ii',Uk>es.'Nant Fran- tbe riy^r seem* to cbn tend w 
«pn)j.|jlQ^ ^c. Xhe plain wliicb forj?;^ most d^li^ht itlc tifaVelller. JV^ut^id- 
^e.tojp ii j^^rangj?ly coveted wit^]^,lop^ Way is !lVe wir»6jiis fdhatadr ^ t^S^gtj a 
ktones* like tnc beach^o^ t;he s^a^ 1^ hillofVoekslVj'mebedof tbe'ri^eVjidver 
many places (jn^ crossing the. 9^jier, ,^ W.Hicfi* VhiiS^at^^ ^^jfii the 
all directions, and entirely paJ^d j ot|i- titniost violterice.' Leaving m^ wpyidet- 
tfs lie ia, grpMps, almosx 9;qct,..?harp ful objects of natWe at Pdhi myAan- 
poihtefT. s^n^ ^n.^heaves/^The e^c^i^ien^ vair, mr. Huttan ^as >dbtt|j;clli&: ttf • ttavel 
seeil* to have warred against this iijLounT the ne«t'"»iWr4|.imi||p».«hW«gto to aid 
tian;^ rains liave w;asbcd, .Ii|rhtu^^ briti9h-<Aad,<^iUl (>f >tixAi»g9y xsiUMch 
torn,!jthe very soil deserted it,, a^Jl the brouglit himififlp-ihegwatffoadrtodBsi- 
winds make it the copstatit j^b^ect^f /r«? roe*Mj"ill>ciice*e pasfeiA^liTotigb 
their, fury^ The §hept\erdi efyle,. Jft Ccrffkygej ,.:••'• •.;.•-• 
Caer/iedd y gwynt, the pmifieftce of vT3dDoi#y(tdeUrt€i8tte,^inne*,*h^^. 
tempests. This .moun^ara is connecteji . . ^ jbJw*«ms#.a:inae«, Pcaiumt 5 Aildii, 
w ^ th the lesser Gly der by t|>e waen oew ^ c^WK^ by 'v^y «f HWUiir -y ^wA, « 
the traveller, therefore, has choice of 'nule9,,HMUoR. . 
ways lb these mountains. ' The most <^ 



f 



100: CAREW. <24^iK4S9> (BEftiay^^RUIDIAN. lift 

— lftkHi«irib,'-8 ittiiei,«)oiioVi».- - • "»«*« stcwp^4.#.« carve*! aif oy^ with » 

« I^??^ ^^^ mttcctabte vilWgfe (rf isi^p^ <b^. s^.s^ad «iy:. alone Oj^n^I^Wir: 
dation % trtvgllers. • ItVCjsti|e rs.sjt- ,^ay also ^ s?p«.t^q elevated msn^icm 

cpuntry. Th^^xtennvet;ettJ^>h^V^ a^cpi^p^cd > ^^h wood ?nd .|pi«ft». 
ittohavet)eentathera«pIendirft>^ace/ Thi«pl?cejs4?qi^wiercdonp.^M^li?ftl. 
than a mere-f^ss^ and itappe^s ^^^g j^ Pen)l^pi^efihire j andilisniid 

onefrowi*tfte cimey/TtMcMileltCiiHKTed f j^,n ^le Uj^ ^4 j^eraUty of Nf r- Bs^-r 
by a flight of step», covered by aliand- ibw, j^e, pre^^.f rqpTieto^ Angler, 

som©po*clw-««V***®^"^^^^^^'**'*^*^ y^ed ridge, vfl^ick cprnman^* ^Mm* 
the affi^^pf Bl)a«),^ Sj##,^i^rf9«r. VJve v>ew% cop^^uoi the t^^^yeUer: ti>: 
r^q»f«H>^yH ,5:be/Ae«^.iTont, a ^^bjrokisi ibju, the be^tprp^i^ of 
ponionlooking over the nver,4ir«carce- th^ ^^^n ase fro^n t^e higher |an^ ^, 
ly castellated, bmjathifetttithgjttode-of ver wJwh'Vbe^xiad^e^^idsj afterpa^g-, 
buildnig- ptsmsm about' Ae Hme- of ing jf,^ fth^ ferry.j^rpss the havgn oof 
Heijjy,^. jp*ftff» tbff^ey«l:9^t*iR*R»t, of,MUfpi^..wJ^nce]IViUon'8char<iiii»R 
aie|;f^nd.«qpafei»^dflWf'PT«fi^jM pict\irj?ift?\|c^^ % 

large lip^j/a:. ,ix«e.r^ally, jthif^^RMt 4f» «.« p,^^fc^:« «j5,« »,,rf^,. «««n.^.rt* 
highly ^^nan^iijed J an4^!a.^|nfi^yr: To Pc^e, 6 itf iob, B«ber j DoiUH^adf 

piecj^ ,wMl^iCQrinthiapcohjinn^,a^pDe^r« ' / .,.*.. . 

a«i\ong ri^^..{?#6t decosatiAiy,/,«n,,^ ^,^->>->*>^j^>»>*>^-^-^>^>^'^ 
strwct^jre.. ..qT^^gir^athaUflSfjf^tipAg From An^lFcl? ii^«,Aikin. ' ' '. . r 

V^ ^^uil^pn the ^tja^^4r;g9rt^<5 .CEMMABS^U aaihallvUiage; iHricb. 

5tyle.j^NpW?li^J)*4^t^..ri^ *^- H»nd*:Qn a^Uttte.ctaek, open^ int^I 

iwl,kjje^ip.QUmiquegrand^ji,j, Qth^, |,|08t.beatttifuibay,ah6utlmili^acnMv 

part8.pf*tie^.^5ild«« a^^^f a^pprftre^^ q;i the .ajntM^b^de. orf.the iAte of A«S 

«ote#5e^.:?^4 mQ^^(:\^yf^\i%,m^ ^^^ iHs ^nteadce^iota tiie mata sea' 

^i^^f^^/'A are tt4markahtir ihuHc' an/1 x«f ** guwacQ ott caca.sige oy a craggg^ 




castAesi^^^hi^y constructed ofi^rPPtr 7:;,Th7jS^eZZ'i^.'^^^ 

d^WOT^ Thffr^tl^ according t^ Cam, ular.pHWtiufi.<«<ih .d£. white, nart^^ 

deiip^of ^ ^«1*^ pruice^^n4;gjjva^ Wave* ^ ) T- - • i ' n, . . - 

by.ftn^>;tn^m »by^ apThedcjore]^, Tr^V .L«.^ ..w' ' ...;>;; 
wi|h^te.9^v3e lands, a^ja^u^rri^gepM-r /"**'*^l^"^'?r**».**""^', . ., ,. - 
^ifm ^10 l>is .^aughter, io Ger^d ■ .4^ ^^J^J^Jr^^Jr-^^^'^i^.'^'^^'^^^ \ 
Carip,'4p •iP3JP-'^^'''^^.^^f®^^¥^and ^y'rom^orWen^ TO mites, Huttoii. \;", *f! 
ancestorof th^ last proprietor of th^ ^a^ ' = — '■ CtittWg^. 3 niilrtj^uttaiii W^}^' 
lle;w>Q^ccordingtOthetradi^ionofth^ ' " —f filwHir*ti 14 miles, Evans.' ' •' "^ ^ 
neigl^ou^hflo^,. died abQ.ut tbe, yi^ar qE|ll^ :Y:^^€rpIAN,(a^e,iVo4e 
1633 J *ipi;p, vhich time thec^t^e h^ pf the Prui^si) .is a pleasant Yiijagc..m 
been d^fJprted. This castle is WW^*- Pcnbiglisliire, famed in Cam'de^;^ 
able for th^ feiebration, of a .iiiit.an4 time for some remains of druidic woir- 
lournament, solemnly h^ld here by. sif ship. These ^K^e^ reljques baWl(^ 
Kice> b^fig ^he only regular exhibxtioa since been 'reboycd, ' to form i| wail 
of tlii* i^iad pa record in ;he principal- round' a fafm yard j they consisted 
ity. . ; chtofty of -snMnlochs andHcisr vaeBt^ or 

On the IJoad 70 Pembroke, is a gothic stone chests. Upon thje first hiUj, 

crofK on th^ road side, ab,out 12 or 14 s. of this village, and di^nt one miii^> 



Ill 



tEkNtOGfEi 



it Pen (^eryn, the tfnall renins of z 
cattle once belonging to the celebrated 
Garactacut. At the traveller approach- 
et the top of the hill, whieh it of eaiy 
accent, he findt a trench of 36 feet wide. 
Some of the toil having been thrown up* 
ontheouuide,conttitateta mound Sfeet 
high, but the greater part having been* 
catt on the inner tide, fbrmt a rampart ' 
about 15 feet from the bottom 6f the 
trench. Thit rampart encirclet the 
highettpan of the hill, rather of an ovt&l 
form, it every where visible, in tome 
placet nearly perfect; and enclotet 6 or 
•7 acrel; • Atcending 60 or 7C feet more, 
he meett with the foundation of the 
wall, of thicknett about 6 feet, whidi 
incltidet the area, running barallel with 
the trench below, and en'cloting 4 or 5 
acret . The prospects from thit hill a^ 
extensive, but barren . We are told that 
when Caractacus wat routed by the 
Romant, (whether at Ca^r 'C^radbc, 
Gair Ditches, or the Wrekin, it uncer- 
tf^in») be retreated to thit cattle for 
safety, but was, with his whole family, 
betrayed to the enemy, ,by queen Cat' 
tismunda, and sent prisoner to Rome, 
where he delivered that celebrated 
t^eech referred to by all our hittoriank. 
i. On the road to Covwyh, at the dit- 
UBce of four milet and- a half oiccutt 
Poni y Ohfti, or Pbnt Uyn Dffjw, « 
bridge of one arch, about 50 feet; in the 
apan, bettriding a deep atid ditmal 
chatm, through which the hoarse founds 
ing Glyn, ruthet into a deepened bed, 
and: roars over the diftjointed rocks be"^ 
neath.r The ttupcndoot >likture; full 
fiOO feet deep, it overhunfby large fof4 
cist ilrfeet, 'the( branches of which throw 
a, darkeMdshade over the awful gulpH. 
The rood fromBala to Ruthih herecrott^ 
etitbax^to'Corwen, from GerilpyiDrttid-* 
ian and Llanrwtt. On hit approach 
to Gorwen, the toui)VJtpsi^j^;oyer t|ie 
DeCj, upon an old ttone bridge of six 
arches'. * The road xoCoa win liet 
throujih a pjeasihg, qiiiet vale, jbpund- 
ed to thie' right by the, )3ei:wyn moun- 
taipt. Avast rocky, p^ecipicp,, being 
ati abrupt termination of the lofty fer- 
Wyri, rears itself ^ibove the' tpwn tp the 

Wfest;;\ ^ ; . ;,,•■;• '.; ■ \ 

, TaQemipge, 3 imle% Huttoiu. , . 
. — Ppn> Y Glyn,4jmiles,r,Htttton. : 
* — Cbrwyn, 10 miles, Eva^j), Warner. 



rrpHlCf^TOnidiam^^UM^naiaii. 

Capel Caiiffy H ttOl^aiillQ^* 

•r-7nrWawnprit,nmaet^W»in«. ; 

CERNIOGE, in DtHAlflMhire, it a 
hafnlet of 3 oi 4 boutct, in an elevated 

situation, on. the road to LUnnvst, le- 
markabie fi>iCn0t|iiDg except a eood inn. 
. Five mifet . on . the road , to LlaaTwtt 
it Goflty^ (^g, a terrace of more than 
two mil^ long.. On the left ^peara the 
beautiful dee|]|. vale of.L^aorwat, with 
Coiiyyjiiv thie ter mjn a;>p n « . 
T«Uiihr««aivUiBUet,|l«ttM« :.. . 
-T€«riiyDfwdi«i,$.pM«%H«mpt| War- 
,.^»«^;^a: .\ ;. .:^ !'. '.": "'• 

-^-;- TiMerti liBbey, 6 nilci^ Coiee j fikrin^ 
- WtfUtt*.' >■'' « ' 

'.. .-4*. mririttCasttoyevans.: / . . 
.(.-mrMMMapiiib* itfffkiobWyn^i^B* 
• •CHBPffroMTy Monmdtftfcthite, it as 
it¥eg<(ltfiy-built trading '|»hice» where 
the hoiitet appear retpectable and the 
inhabitantt opulent; It wat'o^ce for* 
tified, Aivd the livalh ttirehi^h^d with 
roilihd't6w^¥s, Mtetching from the bank 
of tffc^rtVer below the bridge, to the 
woirktortfi^ castle. ' The acenery 
in theviicinttf of Chepstow bridge dis- 
dld^d^ ah assemblage of objects highly 
inttr<MtM^,'im)[k>sing, and beautiful. 
BelbW^hebriijge, andt)rr the 'opposite 
iliae ot: ifhe "dfeep and rapid Wye, a se- 
ries trfclifft tti>pear itkUih^ fM^in- the wa- 
tJe^^ thfe fedky surface of i^Mch^ hvann- 
ly tihted With variont hftet'bPVtfdTind 
ydlldW*," rt pleasingly diVeriSSed' #ith 
the vivw gre^n of thitf iv^i and ttie 
tummits" are fringed witft hllp^ienidiQg 
^ksi ' U|i, thit- iiver; the 'fpWncely 
rtiin ' bf Chepstow caltle; ^ st^efch- 
Ing 'albnjf 'a 'grand pcfrpendlculSrf 'cliff, 
JjroUdiy em^gtii from' the 'M^am; 
beyottd, tl^ef: steep hliiUt'df ner«c£eid 
reafe their vdrfcd plantations, t<y the 
clojdi, **.Afe we advanced,'* aays mr. 
iarb6rj "toward* the matsive battle- 
mehtk and lofty turrets of'CHepstow*s 
ancient castle, the grand entrance, 
which it a norman arch flanked \j cir- 
tdlar towers,, represented the repulsive 
gloom of feudal reserve -and violence ; 
even the knocker was emblemiitic of 
hostility ; -for we tbundefed at 'the- por- 
tal foiradrhisson with a cannon bdU^^s*- 
pended by a chain. The warder of the 
castle did not wind his horn, in reply, 
por, raising himself on the ramparts, dia 
he demand our quality and butinetsj 



113 cP^&PSfom. tik 

but 41 untf^iibUiiKAi^'is^jiBriiif ia|><fd1 Has; CflBsiivappein to have taken place 
her rosy^dhnplft, ^duiscfid khe^^£t t&i^ in the Ob l^th century^ when WiUiam Fxtz^ 
ir&lct^aKAHett^iAg>\i^esf;'dk6^W^i^ 6kfeom, j eatfhc'of Heiefdrd, built it t^ 
C9me4«sim»^th&«ajcle. i*Oifiem^#hi^ defend .'the. ample 'possessiont granted 
the eoui«:'tl|e '«enKiiiiK'ofnbecbil»ftnii&l> him ia t&isqu9ner by William the Cotah 
lu^i^nv»el^uiai»«tmentl^atldttk»hen,) qdecor/Ais- telatibn. His son arid ittc-^ 
aunround tlie^area. .-A mtmber of«^i(tttf»l ^^mm, ! Roge^^^ide- Brifiolie, taking up 
in tl»U cotthv. are ^itpt • Ia' repatri^aif^l ^nAs against hiftsoverogn^ was depHv* 
iairm a ieonmiodiour ^t^stdence^ ^^H&th: edof his vasfinheritance ; and Chep- 
is teiK^Atedib^iimff. Willistm^' vuder^itf ttow castle (became soon after trans- 
lease iioih the<dt)ke of BeiaQforti FToiiv ferred to the- ndble family of CUnrei 
this 'We fmb6-^ ihe- second'' <btttt} This fortress isTemnvkable inhistOry fetf 
BOW laid oiit-as: a kitchen garden.'^ The thio/gallantdefence wtueh it made, Wittt 
third coart'COntaisiedthe'Vkapeli k'ilne a ilehdergaisiaon/agatnsta considerable 
remnant of antUinity, piossessingatgttgN force headed^by Oliver Cromw^l ; }mi 
er d«gree' of decoration tbdn; any dfhei^ ^f^r a km^ seige it was taken by anW 
part of tills di^e } a rang€M)f ii^he* dp- ^aith^ in which, nearly aU it's defendeV^ 
pear w^ithin^thcrwtttis o^thts'Sivdtteiyej were sacrificed; -: : i The Cbitreh bf 
at^sdiffe dlstaaiee'^iimtuihef ftobr/^ wi^reh fiihepstnw, sittnsted attire extremity^ Of 
is said to have tteestf^itled'With'Staedeii^ the town^^^beiow die bridge, exhibit^ 
and the<moQices<of b^smis seena •to>^«2 ilk curious kp^eoimeh ofaoftnaDfarchitiec^ 
dicate^tkait a galIev^<Was>'toa»tr«i«i«id tni<e^tnitiie.rnas8tt«arl[}hes renting od 
Touisd theifodin^ Ttte^kyte <iftlMr^int^ piisi^'withini'aBd'theriehly <^stoe^ti 
dowv VMd enrtct^nieiAs H gdt^afc f ^Bf&, ed imduldingv of the western ehtrancei 
the ortgipal^part >df thi building <is{n^ XM tower iitaa^krectet ^ring the htti 
man/ ?Beydndf«he>cliapfer,>w<CF^@dAd^ century; l^is^cbun^CbfoHnedtf^na^ 
ed'tfMig^tOf 'strips' r<fthe;baftl«lftefetlii of : a much^ larger istrueture whrcli 
shadowed! Jby^^^itte mranehing treenof belonged taat* priory of Benedictine 
Tariotts detfcriftloittf, issuing. fi«ilh>«4e monks, fdumiedilby the builder Of 1^ 
moat-^e«!Jeathv !Opp0^teti(^^iM^Jbl»)|Ohd cascie« Somepfemidns of the Prioiy 
the tfiiottt^,'appea(i«d^tt^ low embowered waUs mayibectvaced near the churic^H', 
ruins of the fourth dfld-last co«Srt','>s^ aiu£of several i^Kherreligieusbuildihgs; , 
arated fi^Mn)t4ie;prittc!ipai tnass'0^%ro'ndi m>«Bfine£lt parts of ttie town. Iii ^ . 
tn^b^a dratsrbridgv^ B^ciduf htb^ ^Ai^ ebar<;hraDeseTeRilmottumerit8,tHepr!iii. 
were conduOted i -yo ' a - subtei&anedfttir cipai of whieh: at«^ in the sk. comen^ 
chamber I with ^wii engroined^rO(if|>ieKd thekftendrf of >the>earl^hd counted of 
cayated>ih'' the 't^»<$k^£en^ach t«heLt«ild^i Worcc8fer,rwhO0edil^}esiat)dUleh^f4 
and opetiinf to fthe'«^eithtalfif itl^tnld^ aBeinigoodpretervMiOhi In the d£d^ 
of > the c\\ff;iBkite^i mi'f fitaMr^M^Ottil eel is the tombstone oF^Hemy Maitiiil 
poinds i»fiwit<>e»^ait«ialitiohiofthvwritfi .. fJhepstow^optaiwiflO-mamrfactones; 
we timidly^^Iaoke$i ^down fonthotfii^ld But supp^ci^ l^emlocd^hire and thispart 
Wye,T0liiHg'h'4»sweiruig.tideilt HM^Ha^ of Monmouthshire.wiith impacts by-die 
mense • depth fief^tfidlcMlM^ly bt»«eft^ Wye,, and exphrtk-^e n^ive produc- 
us ; itad atochdr^^ek the ^^WS^^l tionii of timber^ grath, iron, c6al, ^Ifl. 
hills bfPiereeiiild «!jise in Wfi their^pi^ ttoHes^ oak'bark^ slhd cyder. In, times 
culiargtaif}dettr<tootirview,dariireiikig of peace it, carries on a considerate 
the river with th«eir widely proie«t«d wide; but' dt'laher days, a^a^! -fiich 
shadows.-^^^ Before^we^left thii baMmSid times are rare.* ^r: c .Chepstow Bridge 
fortress;- we -dld^ not?'faSl 'to ^Xplow a is a singular' st'riiicitiise : it was foniier- 
large round tot«^r; in the first 'Ciottrt^ iy:«Ptirely built, with timber; but the 
which was^'the ankient!icitiakkfiy> btit piers of the Monroouihshice half, are 
is more noticed lov bavinli^ beetf^the now .constructe^xif stqn^ . The door- 
prison of Henry Ma^t4n, Onie' O^lt^g mg of this bridge, is formed of tluck 
Charles's |4idgesv who died here/ aprls* planks, which Ire kept firm in their 
oner. We entered a- gOthic dodrway . places by tenohii,ojr ra):ber wedges of 
and pursuing a spiral stsurcase,' visited wood. It is ' freqiientfy said that the 
each > s^rtment in ' the toWeri all of flooring is loose, ^d^risfis with the. tot- < 
whi<^ proved spaiehius aAd commod}- rents, which, i^, npt the case. The tide 
ous. The building of •CbtepstOw is also reekoiiedtb.ri^]b|igherliere than, 
(or Estrigboel) cast1e> although etoried id any other part of tie world, even to 
by some anci^aries to the area of Ju- ^e height of 70 feet'; t>ut 56 fed has 



tl^ CHBSTIHl,. 116 

it tm m^ imivug. -tbe last centurf. be^J«idi«btfs4 io tbe Btmnmtm it's 
Th^rCpMae q( thift ^xtraordmary tmed fdunnlMteQ^ ctpecuiUf at tbew . hav*, 
|grqf««<ls^onitbevpclctoffieaohlyand al.dUlmiHtiine«,te«a4tiCoiieaB4^ 



i^Mtf wliich; inmmiding far into the. Qua.tcmamsofixNMft aatiqmt^i, at idr 

S«Y€VQ,<fi0wtbeanQuthoftfae Wyteyobr* tfiri, tt»tife«« coiiub and a if^Mv*^ «r 

4t6ue(;,tii(!iflQM''€if ithe tidc^ and impei 6)rnaoe fof .heating a ituk^araMi ar 

it wUh, MiorqaMd aapiditgr into the laK ovcatingHBoom, wfa^h iastil^toheiieen 

ter)nr9€ir*i . rThera are several' re^ 9ttitM&JFea(h«ft'Hfliu...illvtfnr»cnli«lco> 

niftini q( fieligtQUfi bouaetin the<vicin* «plM«qttie9t ..to.<(hc AomMd. fiasqvcsi, 

iiyK. )T]i« Priory olSt^KLyncmaik oo* Cbosteriyatfn^de • pbioe.o£ ffftndez- 

^^pi^d a f pleaaaiktieiniDCiioo to the wi yt^ttiior tioopi inall osapoditiofit ngaioa 

frf ;tJi^e tx^W« s aAdtbevaUtareatiUvis* W^les, Thi< city. hM heeoiicileti ad* 

»))lfi)>rSfif^tng'lhe gafidenand yud of a minsd by atmngen^ «n aecowat^f: ttV 

|%(fni|oiii«je;^]i?AttcdjSt.llyridroatlDU£armi pm^oiP^Afio^^ having jbeeocKeaivaied 

Xh¥>KfQW)d«tiQna.<ftf aci^pel dadicated ^itbe .depth oi afaiwt ft liMi i^uc of 

|0 3j^,^Urjeiitcfiinity<ibkQwiie'i)e /traced ti^«<firtl^ On « i«yel>ivith Uucmaro 

ie /iihe. Y^Qidiiy: fn pasiisf^is tiiis spot lQW;sbops;4«d.wambawes« (V^bile a- 

?|o«g rt|v$ ^hilDe.:K«ynbon food, and lioii^rSMldt^AtlQiiQiM^lbibfijEkobciis 

llljfough^hefiiel^s^tbetreirBilQrwillen^ ^t^ffDrtf^arda^.MQrcaUoriaiM onrosyf, 

J^: ^ ^mg^)M><aAdrfaBaiiiii|il view xji af jthflyi»ff9 caUe4#> Iwmtng aloos* the 

fCHiei:^|ow.afiditheo0riiioaB.:..Thetapwia IrsRfti -ol the honie»» and flffprdiAi^ 

l^t^tiqed, b^id«s«^et!aBaciiapel8!,!di^ a;.oniMigQi afaUt for foo(.|MM«ilgei8. 

jEi$)^^i^.s ,of 'Whioh 4tia>eqpBt. : in the Ovjev ^dMsse are ihe ^ighM Man«s of 

jijMtdeo of a iboiiff^ )in Bsidgestioet k ii the..hO«tei. The !boiitcyn|q»eiU' ai 

mM wi)ich {f4^.t^)kidottaeiconv3s per^ i| ilhe^lSrst %oonea of ."^e irotm wctt 

^^y-dry,. )>Mti«3tiic9a;:loaiL.aftev the \9Ad ./9pCn» piUais. only). being' left to 

el^li.. Xiierw|dlfreqi]t!nfclyjcont^in6:i>4r mpport* the i upper pnrtolrtlMe- super* 

l^t oi-'V^^smii .,, lIilrilMi 'beginning ^Hf^cmMW- four .of the hwgl^ atreeu 

^, \^6, ,^he,iinhahitaDt8 tif ehepatoro fpe^enejnll^^ of a. good breadth* l^ut on 

?ff<ffPS*^liA^4A^^t^^be.<omlnonoeiheiit the wholerthisci^ ik rather ..yeawable 

<j|tth^ft^\Hldifl4r^,0fjit4ai^;GMn:snavfte^ andsi/lgid^r thdo^el^gam^ .. The 

9fite{;nbly:rA9m,4ci:4i t,,... Tihc^iinGi^ Q8itbcitelisaUrfiejfti«e|:«ter»««kd heavy 

^l,.|i)lfi.{kKe .^h« )B£&afoni»aans, itbe piJ^ pfrhnUdftng; noiyr mggMfromde- 

(^Qig^, ^d:th»;Whi|e4>iiiA< . 'i.ii'j «ay*. .Thtf-uhieffsari of ; the preaeai 

lo M5^HMifmftl0iM>n>thQiioad «o Moif^ bj^l^ingiWiMr erected: in ;tlM^ it»<ns of 

,^Mf^iri^iC)atf)i!ti«l)todge»*withtioagatM ^«nry» <$• iV, 8. ThieehoiKis^irery neat 

^ipalif^^4>es,iiMaiiK>noQes^eiitraxtpe ^mdithe fothic ^abflmasle^^ock .oyer 

ii9PiWcwp»«Di4j .;:>> ... . jjj the.%fi«il4M4»nredinialight^indelfiga]it 

vTttittdi»«tniP}««eH««;j^5fe»:theiic4to) maww. The »iihpp'a f hi>on« Kands 

37 (thefii<tw.'Ba«i^>9<iiiiag;&kf)i4. ''''^ pni^if loi^ ha9e*.neh)y orAftnietitiSfi wiih 

., fr-^iBWP«t,i6diiiw... ..'«'../ -i^. u gAthifs carving* Ai!Pi»ad iff: i»ppQr,paru 

.^TTi>^rcc^9W0 nvJ»,Asrfafr^ CotK.. > • // »fti»ffange -of sm^ii)i)aiet,^t«n4od to 

-j^^^?!»c«e'Jft*.^9«**«?ft9wHJjrfoitin lOimwwtthe kingi,.0nd naints of the 

7*^%'flfV^s» !*%9 P*.flH>ttjrd.^e w^^ M^reian, Kingdoro. The ^har^iece 

- .i4«;. w^mfhaii i>«>e«mhi T«ni pifcW t6 «®W>- F^ PWons ^Woe*. 15«<U It's 
':n:teAh|yFdrnM3iiail«,jWlwte Ke'tetibiii ft«Re)ropf,s«pp<wted*nr/«baepiiH*rsect- 
o^r i^tiMAi«j9ciif<iiin.. - ^' - . M mg afrtws, spriogMg £vQnv handsome 
-v->>J^^><>^>^>^^!^*>>-ljiii pi>MVers,'ad<wiined with jp^tot ejf»iul», 
:»v,;; Ti. .; . . I. . ' ' ^^^ :^- andxowei«kig in tJiff centBe* U %9idto 

t^'?15;'^f-*!K?^S^l^iv?''?0?^^.^9Vr. r have4>een built by the ^rst.-earlof 43hes- 

. ^'"''^Hi^^l'JSi"^'^^^^^ Au. „ I?''-' »'*«** ^*P««- BytiV^cwdiijg to 
, ,— pf^tfn,^ftUfea,WyndIvimi Fea- fe j.^^, j^icgster, hy ..AmDdeil. eari 

- <0rtJstek,8/m»t,'sbifte- ' ' ^ Pfa*iei^?r.nfipheivioHi^v.wJiK)jftef 

»ii.t»tTi:* *,,%wXUii ji *■'• i WJ»«««t»9H»»emQi«edtM>adyoCHD^ 

4 , ipepmep of the early uMPPoductioi) 
l»r^t ii^>^T^ •yOe^^gftthic Mch; 



5 






oi\hfi^a^ib^imm 6^i4lP$.'MjQhrA% it's maritime business isof nogre«tcn». 

t|e^p4l,j^ojri)|;(^h^. r*<^er^tat:,theiHwi near Northojp. . abo^t t/en miles Abave 

^4 Qf ^hc,^3rtJ)^-TiHoJ:4»««hfdfilapi> Ch'estef: 'Th^^pvprnmepit of the city 

dated, it:l»^^rfttlM»iP.ftp|»»»nceKrfi« is vesitediriacor4?or^tio%jdpnsi$6jiig.of 

if^p^s, ^rcmm^^9i^i^ .upper, and a mayor, record^^ fjwo,8to'4fe.j»d424 

loweri«?v4,jyi^^j«i^<iUP,tp^ach>pODt aldermen. The l^Wi/eamHiflfihtt city 

tectod Ji^ i^a^^/^nrf roiVMl:t»i«etftitaiU are the courts of Ogwu-mote and Pprt- 

forraerjy ^/SQjby -^.^-^ch ]0^:iivo>n^ mole, and ufB sessions are held in the 

aridges.. ;Witfe©#r/e,tfe©<«»uoto^imi artd ^w^nge*' i)Wiic*4» i- l«?g:^ handsome 

:purts of ii^jc^^N ^Th^Jftiterfh^neAerti pile of building^ supported.on coluinns, 

:aken.dpTjfQ, j|f^ ^f^^?;Jjiil,iShii«-|i^U ^^''^ the eleqtiott? «« ittiw^qn are held, 

^c.erec^4jift»>W>impw>TPdattdfc««ift and here the^'gllre thefr entertain- 

uveplam. ^ :, :;,Ti^fP2miivfiQ sneak mepts; andiib^^ititienS' t^eir danoinfi; 

[|sntinjstitp^n^.^^r%.)i]»ggj^ddAiiLd^ ^flMxhblies. ^: rNeak^ithe ^cbahge-H 

tabliifhe4t>y,©r^JIftBfi»a^-th;\i.{e.*Bhi©; t4ieJ5ngitt^H0iise>. a nwri^fttofie, with 

Coat Hpsj^tMi^ff.Uumkg 143 hoysj fln^ed^idtthiransiandaimh ttoftnthisrf 

H*Vn<tey%WflWrfei««8chocite?^oboth C«inip6i 'Th^firfe^giHesiw^ fcept '^ 

nstit^itifti^ s^m^fpprttA by: Solitary Meriigthie ez]t>eBfebf thefcotiK^ratidi^. 

JttbscqptioBr,; > X,l|fti,oi4if r public ;h|iild^ . : :P>c city returns . tofiobr. ^enibers t6 

ngsin C\^p^i£^^^t^^,tk6iioii^££li» pwriiamelnti:; A fine -meadow talte* 

4u«try, f tai)4|jE« ^iHf^r /ibe riv«r^'^mthe JjMtadl^e; is uded (is » cemmoti ahd' fo* 

IV. side oli^e.f.^yvj\v.. Theinfinuaiy^ Jheme^groouid-f i-. .)' - j ^ }> 

rh^s North-gf4t» JMktj TJjeBridfwfeH*: li^^On tfa« wad xoiUtt'AikMW, theiiibit 

riiie W^Up,^ftU¥,5li[to^.f&ly:,aflb almost |>leteaD*!ioM«fl^rfGr;a^f«tte»ftiaii> i8ti& 

*»^ «i^iyi<^nftim>iipfQimeiifTof. ancient flmfl«8e^»thpcJugh..Ci^sloo«ttt«eti at ^ 

prti^qatio»an9W;;j«lfiM|ingf/in )6Ff»ii» flqd)cif)wlKfih;'le«vin^fikr#atee*|;rbiitta 

Britain. TJM»i^f«WKM.'W)tieariyfttvb oo M)eileft;^tt0si|rri|id snad af^nj^'tBi^ 

pii^s. T^yiaf^iJ^fp^an rQiifirili|(ithe embililaneoftafa»4pv6PJiia(h«'SMicy^ 

nha^ita(}^.^':ti»^«f^9Qftisfk:pm» house, 2 miles, ^aauipkafag^jWer'tR* 

Wde, '<H>nM»an4iJ|f<jas^e»toraairicty) liwree<ferfy, ijtatoaj iootgpkh 'ivter Ithe 

mdext^^,i9ft|3f«»P90fo. T4[ealfe.mD^ meadows; Hawarden-castle app^ti 

ye sefsn.t^^y^f^ «ific\iHaiilf,«fa0(ttilb l)lUMQst!o6d»ejiir09iikohs^icu4u%plbc- 

3f B;io^.t^[V9ii t|«<«W9lfltP4>t[)flk)of.Beei» Ml[U|^olfb«si^ofinchi|[rinood^^sUi| 

^»'Cr^yfi^^,^H^it^^ ataa&tiiwkak grlttnift/rf:.':.^ orU noq.j ,■*..':» '/ '^19 

Lhe fich >;i»jqi^»im5f}ati;and>the',pto» i. (an,bi»/w*yiTaHi)XJi(,f.tnr,!PeiHiallfe 

pqtu^lly c\^9Skg^Q^W^^><9^ theifiisvi rcpasaQii2fim6na^e/jaadaiith^«iay*p6i& 

poa3go9ei>in»di#«f\ffnt paTts^.iicl?nes;eit l»03Qihe.teft4iaiidhroad^'l»4]ich'isa^dtfL 

frpme^ P^asuig^ ^, ,> . Albomentlitt (»f»«at«Eni4rf.lthp loWiaafwB^' froni^ 

3ri48en«ar0iRAiftft«rf«(Ugoaaktoi»wj W^JOCv Itpasaes^tfiiDugh Eatott^^ptffjt 

?egivn 'ix\l6Q0^'fy(ftM§ipv^tpo»eoficsmf wActm$e%'ikBtS>eeiiBitiO\id^d,,mit 

;aiiiihg.a^.iappW9»«f!dQf r^ioxig wiittr .¥iU»gC «rfr«E«/ef/a*ia ^jwirfty tetfiea 

txi4 of thei Dgey^^ «kiein.initbd£op, nrwlshfi,EHwi:f:T*e#efi»ia)W»flteiadff. 
wrhence it n^ q^n^e^tfid ictjf^ipet tb^h Mtv^pfCMqpfim fdoiit aiienchrapon B^<^ 

cnost all ^af^ i^f ^^i^/cit^^ PaoMdy Moftbi^l.' iA.littltffarclier is JSaftMy^ 

this CGn^iv^n«^di^^l3ao«w^,.teiia lheiia»teL3Q»ithfe.Watipt!, The«e«l'tJf 
1622ane^iSf^;.^«iaiis' fiweoBctt- tiiie dtfwient^imiiilf )6f{4ihe Groiiveif^i^ 

ing a watec-wof^ rgt $ip»jb«le itooghtc^ itorin^thM.tD.Wiisinp;. >Or08»«h6 D^^ 

t>ut thisalffk^foU |a4^y. . .I6fifi^ idlW Sallciftfb0a^''ifiBSrki|r: oh f the Tight OA?- 

lyorlLs Wftl6dQ^90ie(i;tfi by Jdlm ttopV ^9nfMdsP, f»:Dtoiirptvadbre, Af^ 

knivaod |^n:Haiiiey»<ppippnt«^tte<9ih» panilig r a :|bb(>c9nntnr^'>«icaeh 1^ 
bey-c(Mirt, ..- v /. ^o^ ^^Mw&enre of or 'i^i^fM&m^ isilkmatl tiwn ttpoia 'tli^ 
ponseqiimKAB^ Is Hejrrvnl 4m JhbaMBB t)ae& Slie^ Ottai^ ^omb^rtit 1>y QS$ 
gloves.- Thm!'»^ m^ ism fooiiaBiys' pfE](idmei*.IMif)im>:]|M^/:idittittg ttfd 



«li« c<iifttk>h otm wshrl' • lA Wic win- it appears duit thtf itfdtt wbo w« rm- 

dow: U'^sMM vWr bi»ntifnlly pttmted ployed to cake thit-View wlira fanripr. 

^ig./ I : €r,t<»wKomitwMhilM!edwlitttbetad 

Thetoftd fronvCWflier to Wrexkam seady fi&isiied hh pldtrd^Aartfceaddi. 

u rentekaWy gbdd. Froirf Mat/hrd" tkmof a lew •lWcj»'<*««ld»iMl*ttoil'«et 

AWUavety^xterttivdviewoftheYale «««• Theardtt ijpliedy -Yod; Wmt 

wiyai ofGIWtWTfei'^wtth'thecity, ca$- «ome«*«i^iaritl<)IO!'VeriFtfl! IviM 



tleofJBewloii.iihd'tti^w^hhnwnintaint. patera* «on»ciheiepatafltl«'.Hfe then kt 

I — Moid,i4k«i^'fltHW: emcaitiewaiimiltbyRogerMortnner, 

. wHeii.iO'iiiie*', Wimiirf/ toa of Roger, ««foftof Wigmore, oo die 

. t^ wtt:iiMiiii,^UiMiM^ ' «Bafof oneof v^yKBcittBl d*tc> called 

' •^'V^r:fT;r?r:•^-?^f'f^rr'^r^ ^vaafoaghta dreadful Wttle btstwcen 
. trQm,Otm^ffi!si Ai)Mi.»ailff7» ikttei nn eagliib forced, iMder Henry e, and 
. • **^W'*^ . h )nofi» : ;. '.:.: i ...'.>••*( j cbe waUh ianny,"binder dren Gwyn- 
.'--^iV*{«P^^5Pft7Wgjh?W. • -nU dad;iawhicli'Heiitf WUs^totitedwith 
:.— ft««^^^fl«»t?f ^7Wi^fm» K , ^,^ 1^^ 1 It waapilWWod by Timooi 

..QHIRK Ak a.ifiiUage akaanedupan daofpen till it; retted in the posaettioB 
the bra^ of a.tiiU, ob the .•a.46lvi«e of > Elisabeth, who^'f^a^' kto her h- 
of J^Qohighshtoei u At thti^iitan6e:)bf vodtite Diidley^ eB9Pl'efi%.deester; cm 
l^ a. mii tbei BUetmere carialt»cafff«> hit death it became tM ^Hxpttij of larf 
ffJL i»¥«r ^ »iic;^(and <nde bf Oeiriogi Su jobs, of BlenOi ^vlMMe toii> aoid it 
ji^}f^#q|vedi»ct!20afa]Ki|s^inidn«th,>aad in I60t5' to air ThDHiai Middleton, 
fi>Q4^.fthQ> inMddle'6di£eet in height. MdigUt^oneoftbeancestort^vf ttib-pre- 
inithf Qhufcknareaevetal inaable««Dnt tchtireudentiiaiidptApriJetbra. ' 
f)lPWto>ffe«b>nging^tatba liidttUteat Bier Park it i^ety ieateMlve, reachSn^ 
of Chirk Castle, but nAae>crf^:thataaiia tO'ttaeifoot >o{! the Beftvyh monsrtaiiu; 
jii(^UeJ(e9Mied7.lhefbe«i8..aibttatii«i>8ir atid ooferad itT placet ivitii lafty fdrea 
Xhppi^»,Middte^B pabd'anothnv of Jifi tieetli: The pteaattfcte^Ouadt sre wdi 
My>^}^9^9ioi.tMtQn.- Upon ajtmall iaidmtt,-aBd tlie^difiBWa<l|lMiilhiiiiiii 
jn^tf^^faoAaaaanf^it anelegadtcpithph diipoied with great UiM.^ But the view 
^j,dr..Jp|9atam btihop..el CheitaiV on fnm the eletatknaiieaftllliafioaaeitiii- 
dr,.WaUer)B»l«aQiyaaliia>tcolchtdkdiiie odaiparable^i >$a«edt««to(cbttitti«t, is 
^idi^tiAguiabedtfttaiacteil > ^-rxmxi «M(iqralaiap,tpNMlth^*tariedheaB. 
J. iThP Ha«id<|tjtaientioacd ati tba^bett tMBaitefoK'tbe^ efie >of tlW'tpectator. 
ifsa^ ■ < '.>, ) .<-k)b-f <; ' ' i.i 1 : 2 "' ^^r. jni ^^avdt Eogladd^ the plainf -aod 'torwro 
. >C(xifi:;CaitliBrii>dii9Bm- about a4nala itf ftha^tburfv^tra toWiert'-addtpires, 
and halfioon t^ jviOage, hvahe'CtHii'sa the iClee^hillt, dtieading ' id^rards the 
ofOffa's dike, upon the sumniit'of^g iiaiaem hilli iii' WVtateiieMlhiief; -liie 
if^fyfii bm. I Li^ «tHat> DfyFawvit,^hbar tolifaiyi Wrekin } • ttie hlgk land bound- 
.\^el8hp«pl, thisfumot^'recdiat'afnlxi ingriihe Vale Royal i»f Chattel^ < towards 
iWSOoCtbe>cattl0)andtjMiMiOD. 'iXl^a Wakt^Uangolte VatOyCatiel Dinu 
iVRadrAi«u)ar//binldiag^Mihaviag 'tw^ Btan,^ the boitterout See $ the range of 
)r«Mrt>;.;and (i;i^(fnagnilloe(it Igatewaiy moontaiotdiTiditiKtheeountiet^KIeri- 
i(r«ngth«ili6d(at MiO j€6mdra with > Hoar oneih and 'MomgWnm<y<' the Clwyddi- 
R9«nd baatioa4|, eh^Ugbttmall txxnkuf, aac hiUa, and the>6nowdon.chMa. 
j;^;eatiaacedtbet«eentiiiroaoaiid«0wi. ,i,Aboat g milatf firoan ^hirk^- on the 
unbW Ahijghtiamiw aochi nottvaetly^ mad; r* lUvAaan; >fei '■ « * pleaMii% view 
«$i^lve<0( the f oabt $ and alpair of gatet of db^vdta woody >val<>, <lii the - bottom of 
lil^qyjaite lieautyj.Witfaia itacoart^rd iirfaich,nuit the ri^ Dee'i bat a little 
■;iSik feet long^ by: 100, baiting 4m the* <ai iitrther at N4w Brkt^t thk it • exceeded 
^^ahandtomeK:olqnade»/0?hedetoeni by another ▼iet^ more "itateretiyig. 
Ijpittie duagfi<ai (iaby 4^ ttbpt, iv>bich it *f* Outof- the . road,^*' ^yt Mr* Bingley, 
ir^ty.deep.iiiXhe principal ap^rtmtett (who :fttited fhit iieighbo«irhood in 
ai[ifa8al«aiiftdx^ngTooi4andgaiieay{ Wptember 1798) .''^boutilQOyatdta- 
ui ih0, last tt^a largtr coiUectioa of phirttM bove the bridge^ tuch a tcene wat |»re- 
ings, mostly 'lamii^^OTaftfiJtsi'rb airadi te^btedko me, that had 4 poktetted the 
jopniegrmmittapiotiirfofBiiipUItbayn pencil of a Claude^ P could have punt. 



i9i CLUK. cvaaioo, iitt 

.|s4 a«ift.^.tli9^mostexiii|iittelaadicapet VnmmAoip^^Aiti^i^ itillHNiWyiidteti; . ' 
the -cyecvw '^hoW.:f iWriTcr tore ''■^yiMtifm»rf^j;^mi\m»yfmiv. 
(iartedAloD|^4(V<niifed 'bed, and it's CLUN^in Shiopshif^/Ua-Tillageiiy-* 
rocky ba&kt^olad with wood^wheire «vi> beriting little wovth>iKMAoe, except it's 
eiy vxded tint that antttmn eouLd afibrd niidied cattle, originally buUtby Fittal- 
added ^ tlieir eifiect, cast a darkening an {descended fron^ the I^man of that 
shade upon:the streMn. With the green name, who founded' the An^mrdel fattil 
oak, ali the. dilfeceot hues of the aih, il^.) Clun Castle was the strong fortresi 
the elm, and the hasel» weie interming^ whence the lords mairehers'rushed into 
led. Abofe the bridge arAse a few the iadjoining territories of ihe welsH 
cottages, surrounded with foUage. piiaces, pillaged and laid Waste the un^ 
The evening was calna^ and the snui^e, suspectingicountry,. and td which th^ 
tinged by the setting sun, descended afterguards retreated widi'vheir prison* 
upod ihe 1^1^, white the distant moun- ers and spoil. 

tains were brighteiiied by his'beamfin- . In advancing .tow aicos WroMoar, 
ttfa fin% piH^. I cotitenit>btedthese mr. Warner had pointed out ' to him a 
beauties till the declining sun had road, which was said to be> so plain Md 
sunk beneath the horizbh, an^ twilight direct, as not to be mistaken ; yet he had 
had begun to stesil oyer the landscape, not proceeded mor&' than three mileif 
blending into one, every difiierent before he was utterly at a los» to know 
akade of reflection.^: • how to proceed, fnrni the l^ntricacies of 

On the way to Llanoolliit, mr. a hilly country, covered with cross-^ 
Pennant ascended the front of C^nU' roads and paths iniersedting each other; 
ehoi The distant view from this lofty Fortunate]^) a voUtaryhorseman ^oing 
hill is boundless.- One side impends to Presteign, relieved him itt thisjunci 
over a most beautiful valley* watered ture, but he afti^rwards' fell intdsimio 
by. the Dec, diversified with groves and lar difiicuUies and might IcMog have wan- 
bounded jtowards the end by barren and dered nbout the open downs of the hilis 
naked rocks, tier aboye tier. or floundered thro' the dirty laAcs of 

t* JLeaving the noble mansion of Chirk, the vales, iiad he not met with ai^ hon^ 
the sea^ of genuii^e-hospiUlity and real est hind, who consented to be his cor-> 
elegance,'^ says mrȣvans, " we cross* ductor. Under this convoy he reached 
ed the river Ceriog, a tributary to the the ancient village of Brtimpton Brian:. 
Dee, aiyd at prejsent the boundary be- The singular little Church at this place 
tween Pngland and this part of Walesj is attached to the keep of a ruined casi 
and turned our backs upon a country, tie. This fragment ifr the only remain' 
which had furnished us with new scenes of a fortress built in the early normaii 
at every step} where,Nature has been tiimes, by Bryan de Birampton, the head 
lavish with whatever tends to please of an ancient and powerful family of 
and elevate the mindj where Flora that name, from whom the village re- 
spprts in sweetvariety, and spreads her cdiv^d' it's appellation* The fief of 
p^ia^hless charmi over alpine heighu, Branipti»n continued lo be held in an 
as well as lowly vales, in ri<;h prcifuf ummerrupted succession till the.reigni 
sion. A country- which waseminently of Edward 3, by the lords of this family 
distinguished as the birth-place and i>es* when it passed into that of Harley s, an- 
idence of the children of freedom; who, cestors of the present lord Oxford, tvW 
from their independent spirit. ^nd mar-* has u mansion in the village, 
tialproivess, for centwies chastised ra- ife n^igiore, 12 miles, Warner. ' 
pacityand injustice, and madeopprefr ^ Knighton,? iinlcs,Wyncfham. 
sion. and tyranny , tremble ^pon the • • jl < 

thcone, A country weue a pl^n, hon* '^^^-^^"^^-^'^^'^^^■^-^^^^'^^^^•^ 
est, hospiuble people, uncorrupted by fVom Dinas Dinlle, 6 miles, Hutton. 

.MfcETsn. teSaiuS his ?Sil of a Tour in V^^^ '^^ m»dway tq Pwllheli from 

North Waica, with thii bUcc Caernarvon. It contains also two \nn% 

To Otweitry, 7 miles, Warner: ' whctfe Civility aWcOrtfort may B^e p^^* 

~ LUngoOen, 7 miles, w^dhs^ra^; Pesnanr^ chased at reas9nahle prices.. The 

" ' ' Church lilarg^/ yet plainand neat. |t 



was IMm that the abbot St-Bcdmo ie- tii^sMVttAilw-'itM*} A^^frliffiremAe 
sided, « num 0f ficUet, power, chanty, tnd, tifdwid* ud^ltiltttih^ «tff^t^G». 
aad ^ide< Ho erected this ottlKh ^ridfi eihibitt >4B eateniive tract <n 
and asraodmanfoleim^iMm called «A teaMifillfeHiMt^i Oneae of t6« Usfc 
B^yna'j eA^/, about 6yarda frdaatbc lnlllcbtjamfcriblngtii»ittle,thairwixid 
churc)). AMtdet the great entiaBBe to Bostauit^ea/lmiCdttf* appears pTc-en- 
thlicbapei^it oommontcatea wiiiktbe ineofe Rich paitntet and ineadows, 
church thco«igha dark YaulOodpass^gei aiitenectd4 bf< cufwdt inelotures, em* 
The MUBt was deposited in the centse bqwefedliaKitets, and-de^Nrfeed^ specks 
oitbis uapaved capacious room*, wheib of Whitened. biHtdia^^ fotm a • glaoee 
are the shattered remains of his- tonb^ ofconsideiable iateiest. 
Oae hundred yards from the clmYcfai T6 UsritibMttt; Semites, fiatMr. 
adjoining the tumpibe voad^ is iii.Bam [^^^^ -^^ '" 
no*s well, 8 feet square, enclosed- byp^a '^'^ ^.^%/-^.^-^^-»N-*n,rf*-r-/» 

ivaU8fie0thigh. The pUwe is now ex- .Fiws U<n*rtw<«?ni*e%.«wler. 
posed to ruin and the vUest filths. The • r-^'ttamwrmmi 6 miica, Pooqui, 
Wffing has been sutfeied to grow up, so ^*H«> tlW»l w*n>er. ^ . 

♦kI* ;T «^«r ^^«»«:^ i;»*i^ «?<>*^ T (k^ LUnrwsu J2 miles, Skoae ;, Hutton. 

t^it now contwm.httle.water.,Ail« ^j-j^M ^ conwy-feny, by way of 

tt.BeujK>'8deathtb»aweU was much Abc.^etcr,T6W!«i,sfcrihe. - 
tamed for healing the sick, aodpanltc^ — »ing«r, 11} miiei, Htetbu. • 
yiiarly for cueing the rickets in childrent Aber^eley, li taHes^ 1iranief% Id 



The process of cure was dipping the pa»* 
tient in the well at evening,, and letting - '-— BesoaMris.toBanor4wi^. tbeaseor. 
him lemain all, night upon the laint'i ^ Ttnfmat^aamtfAktaihh Wyodham. 
tomb. A smattering of this devotkmal *** ^<?™ Ltandwdiio, Eyam. 
respect continued tiU about the yieat (XWWT, rtnuated on >the ttorthera 
1793, when lord Neivborough ordered comer of Oaernarvonshire, it -a large 
thetombtobeopenedi The workmen imd beautiful town. Thertrer Conwy 
penetrated about the depth of a yard^ runs on the a. tide of the town, is about 
but finding no saints they desisted. The half a mile over, and crossed Ih fcny- 
liragments of the tomb lie a confused boats. The rrrer rt*« out 6f Liyn 
heap upon the floor. In the chan^ Conwy, at thfe southertt extremity of 
cplof the church is st. Beuno's chest, a the county > in tho mountains of Pen- 
solid block of wood, scoped into a hoL- machno 7 the natne Kynwy Signifies 
low of four feet long, and fifteen inches the great river. Many shameful impo- 
high, with a lid, and guarded by three sitions ape i^radttsed here on strangers. 
V)cks. In the lid is an aperture, to. re- The chari^es of tWe ferrymen onght to 
ceive charitable donations, and it is o- be a penny for every toot paaaenget, 
pened once a year in favour of the 9dforaihan and horse, and IKy-Q^I each 
poor. St Beuijo lived in the 7th cen- wheel, for carriages* Instead oF which 
|ury. The church and chapel:, hav© «hoy have been knowh to chargt^half-a- 
been rebuilt since his time, and.;tha guinea fo*- a gi^, and afterwardrimpor- 
passage or vault is the 'only remaisung to#e for KqUor. They are, moreover, 
part erected by the saint. HewastocKhe somuchtheit own masters tti^at they 
cr to St. Winefred, the geniu^ of tlie wHlonlf take over the boat when they 
»iiracle-working wellin Flinlshire».who think proper. The ferry is reguIa^ 
lies interred in Clynog church. Her efc ed by m*. Hughes ot MarT, a Jilace a- 
figy, in stone, yet remains, multilaled bout three quarters of a mile from the 
like an egyptian mummy. . *. ferryrhousej Wftoinformtedmr/^tngley 

Xo Llaijlyfni, 8 miles, H utton. that the fijres Wereiis VeflArd meti tioned, 

^^^^ ^^^^^^^ * ^itH What trirt^eHersf pleased to give 

^^^,^-^^^,^-^^^ ^ besides ;p and' tftatttee men were paid 

From Bridgend, 2 miles, Barber. 7t a week, but were- entitled- to what 

• COITY is a village of Oiainor- Ihey couldget in addition. -Acci- 

ganshire, remarkable only for a di$r dOnts have d<?c^fiohflly 'h)tf>pen«d at 

mantled castle, pleasingly intersper^i&d this ferry. OVi Christmas da^, 1806, 

with ttees and underwoo^. It's.foun- owing to a heavy swell th> thfe mrcr, the 

dation is generally attributed to Pagan* bbat conveying the Itith-fnatl; with 

us de Turbeville, one of Fitzhainnidn's eight passeftgett, the coafchman, guard, 

knights. ' .'.' , ' and a youthj.abput tl>e age of 15, ^n all 

On the road. to. LjUANfaissAi*!,. nSir. 15 in aumficii* jncUidiing .Uie boau»eii, 



1^ coKwri r«i 

eii* ..- T^iM .river. wMlfonnerl^ not* time, bdiluhe walls 'Ofrthe town,^iu«| 

Qd for Wti^> pearl fifheiy. TheUrif* repaired sersral ofmbe other ecutl^ 

ish aad Irish pearls are found in a shells ia Walesa in order t6.guafil' agaiittV 

fisb» .caUtidy by Limujeuft, myamargarit- the insufr^tions of Llewelfn, wincli 

efera, the pearl inusde» pfeculbir td for some years before/ hiid. beenltitu 

stony, aad rapid riveitf. Few towns are quent. After the'rester3tiDn,,a grantf 

$Q beautiful or pif^uresque as.. Conwy, was made of this fortress bytbekii^ 

It'sjsbape is nearly ttiangnlarvtnrround^ loEd^aid'eaxlofiConwy^ who^inlli^ 

ed by han^aom^ lofty walls^ betweAi ordened^lthe iron, timber^ and le^d 

12.and 15 f^et thick and one mile and to be taken' down ahd transported la 

ah^lfiadrtiumfieieBee; defended by 24 Iieland^ under the prelen^ th^t h 

round tovf&i, and had 4 gates.. 'The was to be usedinhism^eSty'sseh^iceL 

base of the triangle, runsssdong^ therriv^ Sereral of the. principal geatlemeh of 

er> at.th^iasthest angL^ of which, upda the couniryi opposed th^ desiga; but 

the* ver^e/of A perpendicular slate-«rock their vcfmonsdrances were over roledi 

standi HH magnificent Gastlei it isl and this noble pile was reduced. nearl;jc 

conjectured by some, ahat the pr^ent to it^s, present condition. "It is niKvf 

CoBtry was.the.Conovwimof the Ro- held by O. Holland, esq. from, thd 

maiMy ottusts say that Goer Hun, five crowicataaananalrent of 6j 8dandtt 

vibes higfaeKup theriver, on the same dishoifish, to lord Heitford, as ofteti 

sid^ was the si!te of Cpnqvjtmii It's as he passes through the towii« MPj 

atohitectnireandpasitidjlaretruly.gtand. Holiaiidy with. » beooming) spirit an^ 

Fsom .eaohiond o£the town ifeallls, front^i judieictus taste, has planted and laid^mt 

iog .the. rimeiv a ourtaui, teoninated by in walks, ai little hill near the mouthof 

a round, towec^ ran to somedistanee in^ (be GoDwy, commanding an< eztensivtf 

to the v|ra^e, witib a design to impede and( deligbtfuL prospect up and dowit 

the appvoaetti of an; enemy. The heap the river,.the8eay Anglesea, Jccwhenoe^ 

of Tulibiahh» nearly opposite to the end an ezcelient view of the town, and casu 

of the castle,, is the. remains of one o^ tie may be obtained. To this spot the 

these towsMsy the other has been entire- proprietor haa gtven the classic nam« 

ly desttoyed*. The. castle was defend- Ancadia* Bdward 1 , made Conwy a ftieef 

ed also by eight large round towers borouglu It is at present governed b)^; 

flankin{f.thb:sides» and* the ends, from one alderman; a recorder, corone^- 

«ich of.wiich inueda slendter turret, water-bailiif, and two Serjeants at macey 

risinj^aiu^above^Gonstrucfeedforcom- chosen^annuadly.. The river CoAfUVT' »» 

mandiag an extensile prospect over attbe castle neariya nule across, at hi'gli^ 

the adgjaeent cooiidry. Of these turrets water, and in the middle of the chatfw 

four only. remauu The Trails are em« nel, opposite thecastie, is a small islditi^ 

battled^ iwd firom 1 ^ to 1-5 feet in thick- covered with thick underwood. A lit<t 

nesS» and. teasly entire, except one bl tie higher up itmakes a fine bend roUil<i 

the asiddto'; towers on the s. side, the a larg^ projecting point, shaded by a^ 

lower part oi which; has fallen down venerable wood. Mn Aikin says that! 

the rock. This was occasioned by some the castle is seenito the greatest ad van*' 

of the inbabitantB taking away stonev tage from thispbce. The Churcfb^ 

frcunttoiqimdaiaon for their own use. is a mean lookmg. building. Itoont^ihs 

The upper pist of th^ tower ia entire^ however a fewynodent monuments b^ 

suspeiiflediafi a vast 'height above, and longing to the family of the Wynnes^l 

projecting nearly thirty, feet over thv iormerJJy of thisplhce. There aro ;^e^ 

waUebeMw^ ejthibitingin the breachi some remains of the CistercianrAbbeyi* 

vast' strength of wailing. The princi-i fiounded' in 11 95, by JLle^relya ^p]tiii^ 

paientraficeinto the castle is at the nwv teth, prince of Walesk fn 1^0^ his> 

end, formeriy-osrer a deep trench, and remains were inters^, here; andtfre* 

drawbridge. Thehallisatpresentifae gratefiid. brotherhood inclosed thdm 

most 'SeniaHuible' apartment. iCs di« ia that most invulnerable of all «tt^ 

mensioins are 150 feet long, SObrbady velopes, a monk's> towl. It Wi^i 

and about 30 high* It was lighted bf then made to beleeve by the me«il»<< 

nine; windows, six of which were to* ahdi: friers, that: that sttan^^ weed7 

wardfr the river, and three towards the waa a sine defence betwixt their souUp , 

court. The riaof was supported by a ahd hell, ijowsoevcr they dicfd/^^^ ^ 

gothip^rches; . This castle Was erected Epw^ In^atH^^a^^l]^^ if^ , 



ivi oovmxx m 

old hottie, haviag a liagUBr Wiadow, firttobjvoc o^atuadikmimlMgmmfy or 
trith leveni coau ot amis of CM Sun-i iMmt^biiayithefoitootbeCbawT^caB- 
l0|l 6miily» ctUed the OoUege; ioiuAv edbf the commoo people YFawe. It 
itedf St prefect, hy a few poor iamiliet. H an ancient castle sitnated on the ioai- 
It inav have been a scfaooii endowed mit of two suiaU hills near the shore, 
out of the abbey lands. Near the fduaded about the dme of tbe nonsan 

market place is a very large antique conquest; Ac a short distance is a cir* 
Vttilding callled Plasmawr, the great cubs, watch-tower, said to have bees 
mansion* erected in 1585, by Robert bnilt sometime in the latter pavt of the 
Wynne, esq. of Gwydir. Over the llth century. Near the foot of 

gateway are inscribed the Greek words, these ffoi:ks is Tegamm^ or Degamuf, a 
Autx«, a«ixv«'>^*>', forbear. **The letters house beknigiog to mrs. Williams. Mr. 
J. H. S. Xi P. S. in front of the building, Bingley next crossed the flat« and vo- 
fead me, "says mr.£vans, 'Ho conjecture der the iw. side of U ^ndudm ^ pock pais- 
Ihat it was a houiie erected for oharita- ed the shell of a kage mannon, which 
ble purposes. The initials may be read, some eehtories ago wa« a -palace be- 
J[esus hominum saWator Cbristiani po« longing to tbebishops of Baej|:or; theoce 
pttlisalus." The apartments are oma« along steep and slippery sides of the 
mented in a rude style, with uncouth elerated downof liandudno, for abost 
figures in stucco. The supporters of two miles> totheend of the promos- 
the arms of Dudley, earl of Leicester^ tory. Here the rocks, wee^ for the 
^om the walls and ceilings. most part, perpendicular, oC araazinf 

The poor are more numerous and more b'ei^t. v About a mile from the 

wretched here than in any part of North hk, sideof theqpromontmy is Lx« an dvs* 
Wales. Their principal employmem no Chuch. and a copper mine at Eg' 
is. gathering the different species of fo^j Iwgt i2Afls, the chapel ia RMs, cek- 
ci, conomonly called sea ^irrecfc, thrown bratedas the refuge of M^filgmfn Qt/f- 
tip by the tide, or growing upon .the s^, wfab superstitioiisly fled hitherto 
breakers. This wreck they place in ivoidtheyellow fever, whicb raged or- 
a kind of square fire«plac^, made ois er great part of Europe^ wiieve he died, 
the sand, and burn to a state of liquid^ <Not fardisunt is Hioddatik the well- 
wbich dries into a cake; whencoolit kbownseatofsir Thomas Moetyiiy bait, 
appears like cinders, and is called bariln built by his aacestor sir Roger Mostyn, 
\^, or impure fossil alkali; in this state in the reign of queen Elisabeth. The 
i,t is sold to the manufacturers of soap walks of Gloddeath may justly vie with 
apd glass. It is a very curious fact, that auy thing similar in the three kingdoim: 
the ashes of all plants, growing at a dis« those on the declivity are directed hf 
taDce from salt water, afford the vege* the flexure of ^ the hill, those oo the 
t^ble alkali or potash ; while such as plain arestmight, diverging from sceo- 
grow near the sea, or on the borders of tee, in which is plateda statue of Mi- 
aalt lakes, afford the fossiialkali or soda f* aerva. The house is famed for it's li* 
if, however, these same plants be ctliU brary of- ancient manuscripts, chiefly 
t:iyated in the interior. o£ the dountry welsh. At the distance of a niie 

they produce potash only. See Jatiqoim. is BodteaUen a seat of sir Thomas Moi- 
Chym. — Rev. J. Evans's Tour. .1 .. . . tyn. . It. is a place of great antiquity, 
Conwy being a great thoroughfare to the situation is cotmnanding sod £nely 
ai^d from Ireland, the place supporUy shaded by venerable woods^ i ; . 
t)^ree.or four good ians; as the H^ip^ ' Mr. Bingley made ANOTaaa^Sxcus- 
ipa, Bulls»head, &c« but when the road sion io. Ctw Rkun, . . ' .rHavins 
tjiro* the Ogwyn mountains be com* passed* the viU^e of Gy^s, he fokifid 
pieced, a savingof lOmilesmay be made the vale of Conwy to affbrd many very 
^om Llanrwst tofiaugor, whic)i will imeresting prospects.. > Ctur Rhon the 

s<»mewhat affect these advantages i Foit of Rhibii lies at the distance ofJve 

I From Conwy, mr. Bingley mkde aw miles on the Llanrwst road. It u a 
ExGvjisioN round the iJreiddm, a com- charming little viiage dn the wesiein 
mot or hundred of Caernarvonshire, bftok of the river, surrounded with 
situated upon the side of the river apn wood. In the summer of lS01>the late 
posite to Conwy, and forming a conStd« rev. H. D. Griffith, had. many .apart, 
erable promontory into the irish sea^ mems cleared, where was discovered 
After crossing the hver, add phtceed*. several broken vases, dishes. Ice. 
i(»&aiQng the shore for 1^ miles, the . From the toad, neat the bridge call- 



189' CONWY. 15CK 

eABon^Piaihko^t^^oiatS mUes from um glauciuin« ^eraoijuni markimuni, 
CoBWjT^ high up the mououisi on the cochlearia officinalis, brassica oleracea, 
ll^ft^ is a waterfall of very considerable b. moiiensis, crithmum maritiinuin, 
height* called in the neighbourhood crategus aria, ligustrum vulgare, cich- 
Mknitbdr, Mawr, .the great waterfall, orium intybus, junipenis comnvuftis, 
Mr. Single)^ ascended along a winding rubus saxatilis, plantago m^ritima, p. 
path, whicti'Conducted him to the bed coronopus, geranium columbittuifr,"lJo- 
of the. civer,; a station where he saw rago offitinalis. 
it to the l>e!st advantage: The water Theturnpikeroad.ToLi.ANftwsTifet} 
runs from a pool among the mountains' on thc^ right bank of the rlt ec; OoDwyt 
above^ called JJyn Eigiau, He thought which winds through a luxuna»t vale» 
this walerfiall the most grand and pic- bounded on one side by moderately tifi« 
turesque of any he had seen. in ^Torth iog hillft« ^id on the other by the <ea&->. 
Walei*. fseep..!.] tern termination. of the Snowdoa chain ;> 

On the road TO BANaQR,atruiymoun« a lofty barriec, sometimes clothed with 
taiftb^iwmd romantk: country is present- wood', and , sttmetimes eihibitjng, hhr-^ 
tdy.the hill* 'Of Flintshire and Denbigh- rid precipices, with now and theq a, 
ihire bearing no comparison in respect gaping chasn^, whence dash impetuous, 
to picturesque beauty, with the rocky waters. The scenery at Btrth Ltpyd,^ 
scenes O^Caerqarvonshive. Instead of distant H miles, becomes highly inter-: 
being gentle 'in ascent, and covered esting. The irregularities of the mbup., 
with turf to their summits^ they wear tains continually changing their facea^ 
a savage and majestic face; areprecip- from barren crag aijd fissured rock, ta 
itous, rugged,, and gloomy. Sych" verdant down and wooded hill ; while 

nani, the dry hollow, commences two the opposite ones, rising in gentle slopes 
miles from Conwy. The road descends from the meads, furnish a constant vari- 
along a steep betwixt the rocks. On ety to the admiring eye. The bridges 
one side is this deep and narrow vale; of Pont Porthlrcyd and Pont> Dolgar^g, 
from the bottom arises Pennuten bach, are neat stone structures over their re- 
On the shore, near the beach, grow the spective streams, issuing from Llyn 
chenppodium maritimum, geranium Geirionydd and Llyn Cwlid. These 
roaritimum, and at a small distance the rushing.over the barrier, tbrm two im- 
lathyrus silvestris, and 1. napellus. The mense falls; the former nearly sur- 
peninsula of Gogarth furnishes a delici- rounded by woods, and it's perpendic-: 
ous treat to the botanist. In the vicin* ular descent upwards of 180 fee^. The 
ity oiGMdaethj mr. Evans found cistus lake of Gfirionydd is famed as having 
marifolitts, rubia tinctorum, thalictrum had the residence of Talienn, the prince 
minus, arenariaverna,8crophulariaver' of british, poets, upon it's banks. ' 
nalis, poly podium cambricum, veronia Near the village of Tre/rixo, the rive? 
montana, v, &picato,scilla verna, poten- makes a sydd^n bend; the tid^ seldom 
tilla vqma, silene nutans, lysimachia reaches farther, and the di^pth of water 
thirsi^or^, and geranium ^anguineum. only admits of vessels of burden to this 
Near t^ Ocmeshead, salicornia her- place. -From it's vicinity to the woods, 
bacea,';cistus.helianthimum, origanum a number of small vessels are built, 
vulgare,anthyllisvu)Qerario,andchlora and sent down to Conwy at tlie equi^ 
jierfoliata. ..On the sands,- eryngium ^octial tides. Small \>oats and oiumer;- 
mafitimum,rcrit}imum maritimum, a- ous coracle^ j^rc seen both above and 
rundo axenaria, scilla verna, ely^us l^elow Llanrwst bridge, occupied chiei^ 
arenarius, chelidopium corniculatum, ly in fishing. Mr. Skrine describes 

and rosa , spinosisimsi- On the shore the scenery upon the banks of Conwy 
is the beat}tiful pulmonsu'ia marit- from^the Ferry-j^ousexcLLANawsT, a^ 
ima. Besides 12 which are include in the most beautiful ever displayed, 
the foregoing list, nar . 3>ngley found the To Llanrwat, 1 2 mile*, Wyndham j Warne^ 
following uncommon plapts, in the ^ Abcrgely, 11 miles, Wyndham; Pennant, 
coi|ime of his excursion round, the CVf- -- Penmaen mawr, 5 mUej, B.ngley. 
idtlin ; Mz. cotyledon mnbili<?i*s. salvia , " i w o i>ul"i^.''. h^ 
jrerbenaca, anUum fceniculum, ora- ZT^^Z^^^Zb^ZT 
b^e n^mor> ;sedum teleplMUm, s. ^n- _ Llandudno, ^fter viaUng variow parts of 
ghcun9,;apirs?pa .iihpendula,;;Convolvtt^ , ©ogaith, badcto.Coawy, thence to Ly»u 
lus . sol4«i)plla, sil^ne.roaritima* arena-. rwstir-tvans. 
ri9 pcph^jdc;S|ig^ux nmritiijn^, cheUdo^i- — -Bangor, 1^ fp4\es» W jirner^ ^ v^^lk. 



131 CORWEK. 133 

From LUmgoUeo, 10 mlloi, Bingter; Wynd- Wl"^ «'• Button WW at Cor^^en he 
bun J Hutton. P*>^ <^ ▼mt to Jiiig, the seat of colood 

DeBbigh,9 milM, Ailun. Saikbury, toccesior to01yiidwr,.aa lord 

«— Cerig 7 Dntiduuit 10 inile% ETiat$ of Corwen, diffeant 6 roilei. H«re he 
Wanicr. « saw a dagger, knife, and fork, all in 

]UU,18miiM,skrJne. one Bheath, but each had a diadnct 

Rutbm, 13 mUe., Pennwt. compartment, richly ornamented with 

CORWEN, (the wliite choir) M^ri- »iWer, which Olyndwr utuaUr carried. 
onethshire, i$ a small neat market (own. The knife and fork are railier slender, 
situated under a rock at the foot of the The dagger is about 17 inches long, 19 
Berwyn mountains, on the southern of which constitute the blade, which 
bank of the Pee. The Church comaint tapers to a point* At the end of the 
an ancient monument to the memory handle is his arms, consiuing of a lion 
of Jorwerth Sulien, one of the vicars, rampant and three flowers de Ka,' curi- 
In the church«yard is a very old stone ously engraven. The principal pan 
pillar, which has been much ornament- of the handle is inl»d with bUick and 
cd. Near the church-yard is an ycUow wood, banded with silver; and 

ahns-house, founded in 1709, by Willi- the shield at the topof the blade, a solid 
am. Eyton, esquire, of Plis Warren, piece of the tame metal, curiously 
Shropshire, for six clergymen's wid- wrought, but not much larger ha cir- 
ows of Merionethshire. It is now dc- curoferencc than a crown piece. The 
cuptedby only one. Upon the ^oUt and fork must necessarily be 

other side the river, opposite the town, sheathed first, which the shield ooven, 
is a btitish post, called Caer Drewyn; consequently, thedagger must be drawn 
a circle of loose stones upon the sum- iiwt," 

mil of a steep hill, about a mile and a Mr. Skrine quitted the gteat road on 
half in circumference, with the re- his way to Vale Crucis Abbey, to make 
mains of circular habitations within, a digression to JUaiw&i/ao, the charmin; 
Owen Gwynedd is supposed by Lyttel- «eat of wt. Jon<!s, on the opposite «de 
ton, to have occupied this post while of the valley. The abbey is situated in 
Henry ^, was encamped on the oppos- a narrow recess, overshaded by a ym 
ite side of the vale. It was afterwards luxuriance of wood. No situation can be 
a retreat of the Oelebrated Owen Glyn- more delightful for monastic seclusion, 
dwr. The whole circle is visible, at iSee Cruets Abbey.] 
the distance of two miles from the town The distance from Corwen to Bala, 
on the Llanrwst road. There is a Along the usual road, is eleven miles, 

good inu here, adorned with the gigau" but there isatiother which (Hases along 
tic features of Owen GlyHdwr, the the batiks of the I>ee, a mile or ti^o 
renowned and formidable oppohent of longer, through the Voie of Ediiernton. 
Henry 2. Glyndwr is said to have at- At the tihie that mt. Bingley travelled 
tended divine service at Corwen church, this way he found the road so bad as to 
where^tdoorrway is shewn, now made be almost impassable, but whenever 
up, through which he entered to his he could reach an eminence he found 
pew in the chancel. Upon the Be/vyn wiuch to admire. At the village of 
mounttdfij behind the church is a place (^ntP^rf, (the source of misehief)tumioi; 
called ' Glyndwr*s seat, whence, sd* 'on the lef^ about half a milenp a dell, 
perstition says, he threw a dagger appears RkmAdt Cynwfd {the waterfall 
which fell on a stone ^nd left an impres- of Cynwyd). ' Atound Miis cataract is 
sion of it's entire length, half ari inch much picturesque beauty, the water of 
deep, which stone forms a part of the the river TVystion, rushing in a furious 
door-way just mentioned. From Glyn- torrent -from the rocks abovej dashes 
dwr's seat among the rocks, is a most with a tf^ntendous roar to the rugged 
pharraihgi prospect. The rich and de- bottom alohg which it images. Passing 
lightful' "vale of CorWen expands' to the little church ofUangar, a little 
view, with the Dee in the centre. Here " farther on the left, Ih a field callied Catr 
Glyndwr might view nearly 40 square Bont, is ^ smMl dVcular eritrenchment, 
miles of his own land. The.roclis consisting of ii Toss and ramp^t, with 

;ibout Corwen abound with the lichen two entrances. Upon a hill slboye this 
^ptroposcidetiSt and mbtis cbamaemorus, place, Cstlied YFtfel, is acircdlar coron- 
ipallcd mvyyar Berwyn, or the Berwvn" et of rUde 'pebbly stones; tvltb ah en- 
jnulbeiTyj anglifi Deiybcrrics, trahi?e t^flife <?ftst. ' WWu Wtts ificir 



13$ eORWEK; l&k 

cttlar cell. At the dtstance of lOOyidf: ifian's iiousie is a dt^Adic tetttplei l» {| 

^rethe'i)eXiqUeaof^gi<eatcaimydd,-sttr- very pierfec^e st^te: It U vttisxediii^g 

rouftded- by large stonet. • 'At a- wo(>d ^i¥duhded.by ifiiie oaJts.' '\)For- 

boufa ntile from LlandttUo, mr. Pen- irieriv atvoihan took up her abode i:in. 

n^UM: ct68ted the Dee, 2it Bmi Gitan, a derthisaktalr, who thence, «iade'pf«da^ 

bridge of 2 arch^, over a dee^ and toryTttttstotfierneighboorsdtiihebight^' 

black water. "Beyond thU spot," to procure food for her daily sunetumce* 

says our author, "theiralley acquires She lived there many years. un4isturb- 

new beauties, especially oh the right, ed. In a field adjoining the wood, 

It here cbntracU; the roaid runhing i< a stone <:hest, placed aiioitt a foot 

at the foot of a brow, of a stupen- and a half below the surface of the 

dous height, covered with Venerable ground. The side stones are aftjiout ti^^o 

oaks. The scenery of this spot requir- yards in length, and the heads nearly 

es the pencil of a Salvator Roto." one. 

Passing UandnUa, (the church of st. Mr. Bingleyregfained the highroad at 
Trillo) atthe distance of about 3 miles, two miles distance from Bala, when he 
mr. Bingley crossed the Dee to Lian' visited Llak fawr (the great village). 
derfel, another small village. The This is the supposed place of inCermebX 
church was once remarkable as con- of Uywarck Hen, the Cambrian prince, 
taining a vast wooden iinas^e of Derfei and most celebrated british bard and 
l»adarw,it'4 patron saint. The Welsh vrarrior, who flourished in the seveiith 
liad a prophecy that this image should set century^ ; and after a life ofvicissitud^s 
^ whole forest on fire. On thecondem- and misfortunes, dieii about th^ yea* 
nation of dr. Forest for treason, in 1538, 670, at the great age of 150 years. Pa- 
it was sent for and placed under him bell Uywarch Hen, lies not far distant^ ' 
as fuel, when he was burned in Smith- from this place, 
field. Whether this proceeding was in- When mr. Bingley visited CoTwen, he 
tended to fulfil the prophecy or destroy made a six miles' excursion to Pont y 
this object of the people's idolatry is XJlyn [which see], on the road to Llan- 
cmcertain. Atsome distance from rwst. The scenery of this walk hai 
l.landerfel-bridge, the valley almost "many beauties, especially from one 
x;loses; and at Kxdettur it finishes place where the vale of Edeirneon is 
■with a nobly wooded eminence, above bounded by the lofty Jervi7n mountains, 
which soars the vast rtiasi of the Aire- The road from CorWeri to Llangoi- 
ntg mountains. Mr. Pennant len \i generally a terrace, elevated a- 
advises the traveller, who does not bove the Dee, presenting at every turn 
choose t;0 pursue his route, to' follow scenes of richness and romantic beauty, 
the course of the Dee from Bangor, Within three miles of Corwen in the * 
thro' the delightful tract Which it wa- road to Llancollzn, is S^AarM, (pro- 
ters, to Llangollen j \hto* Glyrdwmwf nounced Sychyer) the name of a moat, 
to Corweii, and thence, thro* the match- once the residence of the celebrated 
less vale o^^^eirmon to this spot. Owen Glyndwr. [see Llangollen.] 
On the left liesi2Ar«ra<p^g, or the bloody Entering the vale of Llangollen or 
brow, famed for a battle between £/y- Glyndwrdwy, and rambling for some 
tvartJi Hen and the Saxons, in which he miles upon the banks of the famed Dee, 
lost' Cynddelw, the last of his 24 sons, the lofty Benvyn stretches it's high ta- 
:Not fsLT distant is a spot called Pabell ble land to the right, while the left is 
' JJywareh Hen, or the tent of the mon- fonned by gentle slopes and verdant 
arch ; probably the house where he 'meadows. Proceeding, the mountains 
spent the Matter part of "his d?»ys. Oth- put on a bolder aspect ; and the valley 
ers,* say that haviiig lost his patrimonial with it*s river, assume a more varied 
'possessions;' by opposiiig thecnCroacii- shape. The road sbmetinles leads' to 
iTieiits6fth^5axons and Irish,he retired, the acclhrity of a mountain,'arid again 
to a hut atirfiiw; Cttog (piovf toksuog, neiar drops into the lengthened vale ; while 
WaCh^^nlleth) to sooth with ^his harp the the Opbbsite side of the ^ver consists 
remembritbteof ihisfortUQt^l The house of^mfoderately wooded' hills, Clbthed in 
ancf estate of RHlwa^do^ 1^ noW pos- all the luxuristoce of forest folisige, and 
sessed by'^' desC^hdant g? the Llwyds, ihterspersed with Villas afhd' coh'ages. 
who very anciently were thelnheritors. Descending into arichbottbm suWobttd* 
At Pale occurs the residence of the ed by woodi, where a crystal stream i»- 
rev. John lIoy4» ' Near this gi?ntle- sueft from a fissured toCk'ititOitaatufal 



135 COJKBRIO^E. 13« 

l^scA^Mslow.; hcaacetheUoQis4arirtothe of i^yp ho8piu%r op.-cbe -90tH o^ 
left .oi|>fSDi in ^e* small butbeautiCul May., ^.Tii^Q last assembly took pl^c^ia 
wd^of Bgvtett, tbrough whicl^. a rapid. 11^0, in consequence of the. death of 
stream frpq* th© mountains pC. y;*lQ,. Biclvira Jeivkins, the last pf the. family. 
flow4 into tke Dee^ X^^ vafiety; qf t^e , The house \rhere the bardf were enter- 
scenery inocease^ in the.apfroacii M> t«ipc4> f^till standing. Oncbe 
I«UngQllen. ^ . , . • road to Lla^tf issent is ^f AW/, the jesi- 
cn>8alsiWmnet, Blogley; Wyadham; Pen- deace of Rkhard Aubre^^, .^^s- Mr. 
nnt! Malkm thought this one of ihe most 

— mn^lleihlOmilesj A.lkini lyvtBi War- desirable .places in the country on a 
ner. , small apd unaffected scale. "Viewed 

, — Ccrif y Druldiaq, UO miles, Huttoiu frpm a distance,' ' says he, " it holds out 

— Vale CrucM Abbey, 9 miles, Sknno. ^ ^q inducement for the trav^qr to dc- 

— RiiUnn, 13 miles. . viate from his path j but when arrived 
wr^-/"y^^^-»-^^-^«^«f •^^''%rv».<' there, he is surprised to find tlial, from 
' FromWhtthtan Cattle, 1 mile» Barber. an eminence, ^ende'and apparently in- 
. CoBit«^nQemfntofmr.Malkii>'iTP»»»", Considerable, he commands the whole 

From ^U^^afT, 10 mites, Donovan ', Wynd* of t;hc rich and fertile Aat, between the 
ham; Skrine. ipot he stands- op and the BhtiKh-chan- 

; -J- c^erdiff, 1? miles, Warner. ^el, ||?e view pf which, on a bright day, 

, . . COWBRipGE is a ne^t little corpora with the SomersejJhirc and Devonshire 
ate town in jGlamorganshire, divided in-* hills beyond^ ,. is singularly beautiful; 
^0 two by a small river, wh^c^, at a while the Situation itself is skirted by a 
short distan|[;e falls into the sea. In the woody ^heUpr, aqd emboldened by the 
year 1091 « it was encompassed with a range of ^Us bounding the prospect oo 
stone wall by Robert de St. Quintin. the n. Leaving Ashall on the left, 

One of the gates remains in good con- and keeping the boundaries of Hensol 
dition, and is a bold gothic piece of on the right, you enter on a road which 
})uilding. The Free-school was ep- carries you from the track of english 
dowQd by sir Lheweiin, or Leolinus conversation and polished inhabitants. 
Jenkins, who was secretary oi state in But nature, growing wilder, as more re- 
the 'reign of Charles 2. The Church tired, amply recompenses the pictures- 
is so singularly shaped tbat it appears que traveller for the loss. The land- 
at a distance like the embattled turret scape becomes bolder and more 
.of an old fortress. Along the hills woody; the hills are nearer, their 

which recede to the sw. beyond the magnitude tnore imposing; and the 
town, the great military road, carried situation, ol Liantriaeni which fills, 
through the county of Glamorgan may with it's white buildings, the lofty pass 
.be readily traced, stretcbing ip a broafi between, two craggy peaks, imparts 
straight line* po common interest to his progress 

An EycuRsioN from Qowbridge, tovvards the . mountains. On gain- 
made by mr, Malkip. . At a short ing the church-yard you have a mag- 
distance to the ,NE. pf Cowbridge, nificent view, in whjch i^'r^^mtf .Coti/^ 
M Ar burthen, si'viUage, which claims forpis a striking feature. The town of 
attention on no other account tl)ap that .tlantrissenr is very limited and irrcgu- 
of presenting a rural and retired spot, br, . Th? cliprch is a liurge norman cd- 
.highly ornamented by sopie remarka- ificp^ Of the Castle, little remains be- 
bly neat white cottages, with small sides the fragfppp^;pf a circular tower; 
,gardep«f On the rpad tco \Vel§h bpttliatlitacj^wort^ visiting, for the 

^iT. DowATfxs, in' a very narrow lane, salf e of the sit\iafJop s|nd yiew^». The 
Inhere is ,^rep, for.si^^and luxuri^p^e, pari^]^ of, l^lanu^^iept gaye.^irth toar 
jW^i worH>,.theat^entiop of llios^ who Lhey^'^lip pr .Xebliu> Jj^nfcins, On 
arecuKioiisin suc^ijpartifUlarSi .., passif^g the cj'cft o^i.which the town 
. ys(r^dowen,2t the- distance of,?, miles, 4t^d$, theciiange in tbe face of nature 
^ ji^ TC;fti^rk?bile on accouptofJiae battle i^i yery striking, and ^c contrast of 
.^PHgM.fr?twcen Conap ap. S^itsyiht,«ipd chatactef lict>ii^ecn .^ mountain valley 
iha Sa^p^;apd st^U more for the meet- .and that ^bic^,ypu,)>ave just left, rart- 
ing.ofthe wel^h bard$, updcrtheipj- ly impi)esse« itself mor/e^trongjy. From 
. pIpfhor'A^ patronage of f)ie Hep^ol jfaiji^ 'tiiis emij^pce Casieiia, aseat belonging 
A^yAi^^wM"^ e3<pens^*,tjiey ,we«e a?pu- jtothqran)UyofTxahaern,issj?edtomuch 
J?^.te Jr»^-'!Jftip4|J« with, every iiiAlic^feiop . adyaptage. ,At . the bottom of the long 



1J7 'OmmtWQE. ^£38 

•^d^^C:«hry^^ftdon:Hte.TigM .to ieiibed :jiiMl)^aMmg:^thtoiigl»3Ao os^r^f 

-1^t%v«l 1^-iaiid>aci:oupthe.T^ :Mi0y,iii I^ :cliaracter.ok'itt)e:'^oamii/ 
^Btfff)fiily^e«sile ; but the loadtoPdnt .here U altogether differeift;;/itiH£BjTds, 
^y piM, or'theNew Bri^geioconchicts «pcrltaps;^the mast advantaiiBOorspeci- 
ydalStTS^^M foirwards,up< a> Hillyi tti^her ^itieb^Tridnite^s and cnlthiatioiU U>>bi& 
tHsh thtt! jhfiftidMceoded^ . : iFoc. .'3 ^iles ^m^i \«siih tiP Glan^orgaashira^ ■^■qo UAX 
'theffbdd i^^erf drearyv irregnlas; :»Bd a shiaiic^lifitiaiiceifrotn lios/ni^tetiQat tUe 
'a!itt6Jt ifliipa&sa'ble'iR'a.trairriagcurtijTiie' <righl, ar^ the* rains of aiLaiieient^indh- 
<<;hlui^ev^t)'^aet»n? this (brow «f a^^cery asiery, dedtcatcd^tio Si, Cawrdav fvithich 
-i^^ebikDl/^^le^&A 'length, as«)ia6|aB- 1h<»' of'iio graiat extern^ isAidce distinot 
ta^^MiB.'afld .delightful J .jTiHfe <zxniAu- ^rnd'ccmjilete thanahnffstianyuhing^f 
ence oftihi^- Taffe'imdffiaaths^oy^wr, thiekltulxemainifig;' Oajiieleftorthe 
ihte fimt»hithbatre df hiihi 'tMI>tupi6ii- 4«ad<about'/V»/^cA^ ite verf extensiVb 
'dbUfiiimd^, rthe laxvTiaiiceroflliafl^iilg coU^ei; ^whvch Aboundy |ikkeS9?sae;< ih 
-W6b^, p^^ctmg: masses of idckpdU iitii£^noDe«^ i-One :of^the^e^n!iinds.;has 
"tathiiHeA uposLztxnoe^i The/eflEecbof "lieiefl/ofifittdrmaayyean^ir^Thexquhtvy- 
the'b^gefshivichfnote adDsttibl^ifek^if froffi<Pentyr<li t6'Llandflffhr/fiiie,ovfi«h- 
tiebelit$C9eefa'fttnf»this*eipii|edeeJthafi -ortit any veiy marked* (^ect,excppt)ih 
^f^ctir^pp^odUih ivere from the OactediiF 'ii)s«t^tk»iat Ckuptl ^taToH^wk p^bfc 
'tbid^l'.'sadiahd Vale fltf .Toffe/ i^^^se^ik to 'kt»n^ '^XRk tOK;i^:wiiho«t>'iaiiifilM}<be 
-:ii^e>i(dv«uithge3|h7!talEiiigjtl8edioopike «t04hefntem(M7 of Anb\iY^s> {ivifei ((i^^ 
^dad ft<««% Pont y pieidd, thanh^ 'bona% <LlaHdaff.] Nc^ lUandaff^ul die i^tiir^ 
<>tt^ ^m4>«kiyb' ' of /thosh' >pi£oes; (s^e mlli^ tvf(^:^ Fti^n*g :i9hi^h' d6xitauiUt 
^P^^'pa-idd.}' ;j ;. .. Tittrltoadf-ft^m ^sjiitle of:)P^mQv^hai^modecn;Qoitoii<!i^ 
Pb^t y3pii;dd:io!jcHeiBrifii%zf)hib^ilidiijy(a tian^ntThvidesteiitby tiie'((BsUer:w»il. 
ftesj^idetalile'ttin; pas^^'ationgf therhvieir 4s pl^smuv^' ^^afidv th^'\bridgeV dfoiKUiik 
- iide,' with'Which a jctirious o&Qiii teeps ^ne v3ie\^lif%hife SlW^in A^sho^tdisttec^ 
^£^q. ThU^oanalf iiJ areii&Xlkafale (iar iffring^<ih^'tmueliter4aftofche'hi^Sb»toanl 
^ftutf^ ot> ai^'''<rhiniphingV\oVer>^aniratl 'betJwe^aV[>ae^(j^aind€a\irb¥idBeyauh^ 
K)1»ktacUei'>itrb8icou vseidff the/T& ^ t»3&. ^oot at a 'S«^p ilnU, on 4he ts^ of > which 
tiitoes'tl^kV^ook^, intieixuptedp 2ta&>n^ he comes upon Styia^ibdn^i dentmtmi a& 
-mvan^; > inidm2u8,( whlokutBiose: i^.tn^ «fordifig4&i^eio('tlie^richeec^aiidi'iRO)st ex- 
lf^A-OW.H^iil«^ ^a^e lofty'ind precipfaatc^ teobive^buv kidtm^tpit^curesqiie^ewft 
'hat clmh^d withaii almost: ea!haasiie?$ «f t^i» urouhty^V-over-ihe Viale-tf St^Fi^ 
ihagnHlcaice of wobd/ri 'Iiqpkjxig>itoi- ga«^ cfr ElWy, bottndQi byitthe Aortb* 
iVat^sCttefdlil^iihe'hilUciowdrmoTCiebr ^HnttSoUnt<3iH$;?>"i> -:.4A^ah«/:ed^ of 
tti6l<fely >ofif>ihe;bed of Tiffev^ ataik;<tto? V^e ^omtnoti; on the right, 5as you ^wrot 
i<oi^^6je»gradiiaily*higbenupftheiB9des qeedtoett^atds^OAWbridgey i9^ C^idrrttfgt' 
t6 «hef muH>e»kable'graEflea£ioh''«r«fai« /iin;«band9dBi»« brick house, prbroinentt- 
4ttW*lleF»'>i^lAt?tftri!o-Be^i»;<whfcre the 4y sUitatett the -pretty of ^Uwewelin 
»bad«tttiinfir:to r thg left fo« C^eiphily Traha$rd;'e^^. < The village off S/.:Mfi. 
•Caml^'themouatam&lodg the: wide af f$oUii has^oothing; tiemarkable^boot its 
-which ycW'^Jo'orneyi isCrodtiaiBtfcaUy hutaroad<totheie.ft leads to-sbme aa<^ 
<tt^Itetf.by: y'vifry picturesque castle in dicnt monwment^, supposed t^ bedvui , 
i-uins:';; This; 10 a most chaipacteristic idic, neat Dufi-in^hofuft, in a valey'Tvith 
^pot; The bastle was a dependency on a village trailed > Dulfrhi, ahqut 6 an$i«s 
■€aetdi#vai»df!a sore of. oucppst... The sw. of ^aerdtC The miogafftene-a* 
tin-wd#kig atyMelm*Qi^ffyth, four I>uffiri[ti Ife fbnried' of flv^4a^ge'StOrtes4 
mitett "K. of'Caerdiff, afe'>pcr[iap8 the Thesup^ortifig«toAfetS(>the>N.rs iQ'feei 
tefgest i«» the btngdom. Near this long. The . leogt)*^ of tbd horizorrtrM 
|>iace« the road towards Llalldaff) ei>bss» stone is 24 feei^ and 1^ bi-oad ^n it*t 
cs the canal, while the Caordiffroadhes widest part. 'There are ^everftlother 
atriight forwards. . Thcrcr are ■ few-oc- cromlech^r^hhin short distances^ MniH 
<^\irrences mart gratifying' to the mind^ earns 5>f' heaps of itones round them; --.i 
thart the cootihsi bfscenerf higtaer.up OnWgaining thie turnpike th»fiwt'oBi 
the vale, compared with that at Lbn- ject of attenciiM uCoiteril, ^^ntlie side 
<IaflF-%ridgc. The river from a rapidj oftheroad frbWCaerdiffioCoi^vbYidge; 
noisy, shallow torrcipt, .becomes gentle opposite the 5th mile stone, fty thegjite 
atid glassy, like a lake. 1 Tiiere is a which enters into the park, grows a vei^ 
turnpike-road from Llaritri ssfe'nt to Llan* magnificent wych elm , one of the larg- 
daff, running parallel with that just de* est in the kingdom. The whole pre- 



ti^ COWBKlpGE. 140 

milei ofCa^ttiU ths.tendoice of mr. of a cattte^ a^oLoing die ^^arebrrani 
'iMceUeti are very bcaoti^i the paik In this, yillage Uvet mr. JEiward. WUH- 
«abfmml« with pictureique intiqua&itiei, mu, author of two volime* of hish^ 
•asd the vie w from tfaei^house-iowardf meritoriout poems ; a maa .wbo ii 
th&hilisiiBncomtno&lyteeKlAAfield capable of dcniig the world npie ser. 
i«tt oppotite it a very iatgeatone, 10 or vice, than .the world seems eitber will- 
lfifcethi9hand'<6ordnore.m>iadth. . ing toaecem or retunii Hiicljttinaip 
-Sit:^9ergeM: mdiPebinton 9up9r. Eimft distinction are founded on baa know- 
have •each of them tMif casttes. In the ledge as an alitiquartan* profoiind and 
church of lihe former, place are some sagaciom iti every thing Awriewa relat- 
gothici monuments..:. ..The. village ingna theicustoms, manDfiiP, and hit- 
•of^onst^v^ttk^coiitaiosooldBHHigtemarkB- tory,'o€.his:niltiveprincipaiMgr. 
hie except a>weii wooded viewifof the The vtilage of iSC Atkant^ hMrtag.a cas^ 
fiatyandsMneoroaitientedooUa^. > tie |Nialtitn the year IQfM, suxKdiog op 
ijUanttfihid )PaHc abottOds in. .romantil: :the ^dpe of an extensive ftai. . A hu(- 
laodijptcturVsque' spots*... :The house is tuiant jwild fi^tieQ.gi!e>vfs jmt^.oC the 
.««id>tQ hikve )heen btiilt lA fthfi. time of ceMotitf tiie chapel walk. J?«rhaps 
iHeiifry>,^,jTl>6 windowa'are ^nncom- .thdrrufliey fig-tree Httghthepvepagsfteil 
jnonly datif^ Oi)e>19 J«e(>^iiar!^, wjth'tiiorto ^ndcess gTaiitei;'Up<m thii 
Jtfiethl»fc.l^iBeCby.9^jaBC. Initheehwcb wiAdini^w&iieii probably loiM^aSed 141 
'yar0isiayewwttee> m pesfectn health* the;oaidvated.figrplAnted\iR.iaie.gar 
girth '4B fiidt.6 isiahes. ; j n . From ^eas of ndrman lords, n. , < Faom thii 
Xiamtiyabidi^BkyCnieAHsrtipKmadQWn spo^ is a itqod view o{^^^nworm muiU, 
Jmhisafaoopeoi. ai iiiie/.prospecl« > . : The jwhiich is the most extenshte asid«ag«t 
jtown:x>f €H>wbridgeanthe bottom^ the of the s^eteh. inhabtted.castlea.^ The 
JiiUandi;MircA(t/'£iatn6/aiAtafift«!withit'l kitchen) ta- said to l^e Hie. laimiit in 
saaHo bevoixd and the b^dly skuated the Jtikigdom. Here iaiaa^eKceuent 
ImtfatgriVntfiae^form a scene !af much portrbitdf Oliver CroinwelL.T The 
«fand|Qi^i Oorthe left \tkSlMitvy* .Thai tmaidn tf Bwry and fibi%K on the sea 
ititiiatioD ataiost vies withj Coedrvwglaii shore,' derive their ina?Qe#jfroia Si saint, 
jH poiftcot baldness.. • , .> i andxacbnqperor. The<«F7a^Mnv^d 
- : ^etewctoi CowBaipei$>A!ND.CABaiiiv«y Sii^ are leea from all .thisttieisMbow- 
fnr.JMalhinvisite^<i(hQ:foUowing plai> faood^ ildkhaeUtm hPii, »n ^l^ 

eei.i:&. JI/arylsHiMnTA^ the iTQad- to gsettnviilayin a deaghtfol .reftiremeiit, 
which isj)thrD\kgb. the' prettiest* most belcmgitigtb mi, Rous* > iJumipfig^ 

. jwoodywaodpicturesquepartQfjGlamprr distant two miles,i staadittg «oll . tising 
gan^hir^.^ The village containsmothing gtouad.onithe westetn aide q€ £iwy 
xemjUBkable, but there is in an ad>eiliing river. Hence are fine viewaof Caer- 
.field^ a. Castle which chaJiengea the ad^ diff, of 'Llaodaff, and down thoirtver to 
miration both of^e antiquary and arch^- Penarth harbour, in this parish, ataads 
itect. In mr. Malkin's work may be Co^gan^ a 6ne old gothic^ maaaioOk ia 
found a iong and interesting history of the style of the 15th century, the proi- 
thtt castle^ with many iogenious coojeci> perty of the Marquis of Bute. < 
turte respecting the beauty of k'sarchi* Wewooe, the seat of Robert Jenner, 
teccure. He asserts that .the porch esq., in the castle form;- the grpunds 
and frondspiecP'Of the chapeU with the are weU.'^ooded, agreeable» and di* 
exception of one infringement, are as versified; the village is neai.and pret* 
chaste and exacti notwithstanding their ty. Between Wenvoe.aad the 

' comparatively «maU scale, as the most Caerdiff road, lies Cocra, where there is 
Ipiendid of Inigo'6 designs, tho' execut- an entire toman camp. occupying a hill 
ed befdre his time by a native of Gla- of 10 or Id acres, ablong, and nearly 
morganshtre. . LUmcarvutit cele« rectangular in figure. The parish church 

brated as the birth-place of Caradoc the is situated wtthiii the works. The 
historian, who wrote the history of Porta Decuanana is to be, seen on the 
Cambria, from the abdication of Cad- w«, and at the a. end the General's tent. 
waUader to his own time. Of this From this camp the traveller coiftes up* 
>vork there were several copies preserv- on the tumpike-road, at!the diatasice of 
ed in the abbeys of Conwy and Ystrad- about 400 yards, opposite to St. Pagans, 
fiiur. A translation, with improvements, and crosses Elwy^fid^^e; at no grea( 
has been done by David Powell. distance. The flatis enlivened as hepro- 

ftemingstone, where are some TemaiQS ceeds by Pennarik, it*s harbour, and 



141 CKICKAETH. 142 

ship^og; till White iu)tse-]>rid$e,9ver Aber*4fcby near the <;hurch. Ac the 
H sm^II^irm of t(ie Taffp >ntrodujces'him discabce of a mile reach FwUheU, a mv 
tp the bea^u^ful meadows leading up to gazine which supplies a largediatriqt 
Llanclaffl 'with necessaries. It has a harbour (qv 

Mr. Warner from Cow.bridge pro- vessels of about 60 tons. The entrance 
ceeded to St^ ^uintin castle, at the dis- is by a high rock called the QinUef, 
l;an^e of a n^ile; thence to the sequel- Hence five miles inland to Cam Mad" 
jte^ed village of LLANBs^HiAtf or St. ryri, a lofty, rocky, insulated hill; notefl 
Quintin's/and through a pleasing coun- for having been a strong hold of. the 
^ to. Zi^n^wfi-majbr, distant from Cow- som pi Qwen Gwynedd, Roderick said 
b^dge 6 JxnUes. [see St. Donates.] Pur- Mai'gvon, to whom this part of the C(^m 
*sujja& his route to the shore, he visited try belonged. The' bottom* sides, an4 
Boverton Farm, a spot ^hich Camden top are fiUed with cells, oblong, oval, 
^endeavours to make the site of an an- or circular ^ once thatchedr of covered 
cie^t statipx). Mr. Warnei:'s , leading .from th^.iqcfl^mency of the we?^thef. 
objects, in a vUittO'tijieco^t, w^r^to The ^inpit was 8urroup4ed with ft 
jei^ip^ a fiatural cavero in the Vock wall, still visible in many places. .F|coi^ 
fi^iA fienne^'s QaoCf wl)ich jyjjen the j^iie s^i^ipitis an extensive v^ei^r pf the 
tide is out may be entered to, the exr coui^ti^, with the bay of .Caernarvon 
tejjt.iii'60')rds.; and to .examine the on op^. side,, that ojf^Cac^digan on the 
^\u;l9ji|ii^;Bt]r^cati6nQf);|iej(;W. oth«^. ^ar^^BacIr^ is .«een extending 

* , V, . itom'. Merioniethsbire it's ^geroi^ 

; Y9J9iidgcnd,8mitefcltngl<Sy. / , ' length; more, distant is seen $puth 
• Antxcuraonby B. "h. Malkin,,bii. hence to \i^ale^ and Ireland j in fronjt, the wh(^^ 
-Tj*i?!?L : -ft*.oK««.i»iniuw. r«-Hr Tt..^ ttact of Snowdouia. At the foot of thit 
: ^tK'tSo^Si^iS^^ ^lis.l^<i*Sr,, formerly the.seat of thp 

.tnml . . FropiP^Uheli continued near theshore 

' -.Ist PPjiatl^ 6.aiiks, Wnodhwoi Skrinej to llanBadrog, along thesideaofano- 
. . .Wani«r. ble bay, to Tudxoal's road, sheltered by- 

two islands of that name. In the pro- 
^,y^^,^^^.y*,ir^^v-s^-^^-/-^-^^•s^^ montory Penrhyn du, one of the pointa 

FioA Veninorva,3niiiei;P<m»aDt; Bli>Kley. of this bay, attempts have been iwide 

to obtam lead, without effect. A httle 

CRXCKAETU, is a little borough beyond is another bay, called HeU*t^ 
town, contributory to Caernarvon, situ- mouth, dreaded by mariners, being the 
ated on the n. end of Caerdigan-bay. ScVUa to the Charybdis of SamBadrig, 
Except the few remains of ^t's small the extremity of which lies nearly Qp«- 
Castler it affords nothing )vhich.can posite. In a short time, reachedi 

claim the attention of the traveUer : this /ibfr^aron, a poor village, at the very end 
Is situated on rising ground, at the end of Caernarvonshire, seated vipon a san- 
pf a long n^k of landj juttipg iptp the dy bay. The mouth of the bay is guarded 
sea. , The e^trahce inf o^ it is \)et\y een by two little islands, called YnysGwpian, 
two. rounders, which are square within The small rivulet Daron empties Itseljf 
and appear to have been the only circur* here. In the church are two ailea, 
lar towers it had, the others are all supported by four very band^oiqe pil- 
square. There once were two courts, lars. From this pon, mr. Pennan( 

but neither of them large. Edward 1, took boat for Bar dsey isi.and which, 
is said to h^vefoundccl this castle. From lies about 3 leagues to the w. After 
the eminence on which it stands, is aq doubling a headland, the island. appear* 
elegant view across the bay, towards ed full in view ; passed under the }pftyr 
Harlech, where is seen it's hne old cas- mountain which forms one side, and 
tie, backed by the high and distant .doul>iing the farther end, put into a lit- 
piouiitains of Merionethshire. tie. ^andy creek, bounded by low. rpcks. 

On his route to Caernarvon, rnr. Pen- Returned through the rapid current 
fiant first crossed a Utile sjureani upon a 'called the Race of Bardsey, between 
bridge of three arches, at 4^an Yitynr the island and the great projnpntpry of 
dwyf a church and village, in ar pretty Braech y Pail, the canganum promon** 
wooded bpttom. . A.lujtle farther in- torium of Ptolemy : part of it is called 
land itPiai Ben, a seat of the Vaughan A^aen Melyn ; the rest i^ a vast precipice, 
family<^ Ciipss the little river Arch at black and tremendous. After landing 



•Ufc ^RICKAETHl i« 

flt' A^erdaron, vMited k*t summit, and tion cannot frame a mdre tedoAed re- 
-found the ruint of a smallchtirdi, caU- treat. Just above the tea it a hi^ and 
^ed Capet Vtiir, the chapel o\ bur lady, verdant mount ; the tidct marked wiA 
Not far hehce passed by the ruins of 8 prominent ribs, from top to botcoRL 
CafMfl Artk^g, the chapel without en- Till the beginning of the l7th century, 
•dowment. Pastirtg a fertile bottom, at- a tumulus was here, called Bedd Ovr- 
cehded a* lofty mountain, impending theyrn. The inhabitants of ttoe parish 
over the sea; called IJwch mynydd, on dug into the earn, and found a stone cofi 
which.' af« teveral cirtular hollows, fin, containing the bones of a tall man. 
-Desciendet} and passed by* a "large, and Emerged into a bwkh, between two 
antienthouse called Beiheiem. Nor far rummits of the Eifl mountain* ; a larige, 
hehce, 'sft)6iit a qfuarter of a mile from with sugar-loaf points, makiifg 'a most 
•the ihdre, rises a high rock, called 3fo<fn distinguished figure from varfoiis and 
^mWft,orthestoncofUghtnfing. "Rode distant parts of the country. Theytcp- 
by C^fn-amtilch, and' soon after to Bny- arate Llynfrom the hundred of Arfoni 
'»i«fc/,teatjfoftheOriffiths. Herfcevis- and jut into the sea near Nam y Gwr- 
4ted the neighbouring shore, which is theyrh. Across this hoUow, ^m one 
low and rocky, opening into fifeouent summit of the Eifl to the othet, extends 
little creeks. ' Among these' are Brr^A an'imm^rfsei'aihpartof ttone*, or per- 
Towtfn, Pmh Colhah, Pbrih €nylan, and haps the 'riilns ' of a wall. ' tJp6a the 
Bfrth Usgddan. Near the las^, about Eifl is a perfect and magniiicb&t brittsh 
theyearnjb.'atbck, which towcted'a post, called Tre*r Co.m,,Qr tlje town 
great height out of the' seai wasihisted, of t;be fortresses. The a^tesslbl^ side 
after a horrible night of -thunder and is defended by 3 walls. 'iTlie facings'of 
lighining. In the fields about Porch the two .upper . walls are very! /pnt^ 
Owylan grdws samphire in abundance. The. whoAcis almost filled .whin cells, 
on which cattle feed. The very -Descended (toiixlhitmouipfta&diascendp 
^xtensivef hundred of TJyn or Lteyp, is ed3foe/gdtrngtficcA,ahiUofacoiMcf«nn, 
generally flat, but interspersed with Jupon thfe sdmttiitof whicl* tsaprodi- 
most characteristic hills or rbcks ; none gious heap of stones, once a largetower, 
of Whibh'il soconspicious as Cdrn Mad- called, by the cpuntry people Arffedoged 
t^W afcid Cafn Boduon. The houses of y Govoret, or the apron-full of stones 
the (k)mmon people are mean, and the flung down by the giantess. Mr. Pen- 
district is in an unimproved state. The nant saw from the Eifl several other Ics- 
•land is excellent i6x grazing, being wa- ser eminences fortified in atimilar man- 
tered by a thousartd little rills. It is ner. He mentions also Corn Mndryn. 
nearly destitute of trees, and neglected the hill of Bbddan, above Nef^, cover- 
<or the sake of the herring fishery. ed with similar cells ; Mod ben Twrck, 
Bryworfo/, situated on the side of a hill, betyeen Tre'r Caeri' and Penmorva; 
commands a vast view of a flat woodi- CasUll pu}gdn, remarkable for a small 
less track, the sea, and a noble mass of circular intrenchment ; Pen y Gaer, on 
mountains. The Kifi hills, Boduon, and the oiUer side of the pass whic|t lead$ 
the vast Carn madryn rise in the fore from Arfon to Llyn ; ' all which make 
ground', and beyond these soars all It probable that this country was the re- 
Snowdonia, to the most remote moun- treat of multitudes of Britons, to escape 
tains' ifi the county of Merioneth, or the first fury of the Saxons. Deacend- 
rather Mftlreonydd. Hence des- ed to the village and church of Uan^ 
cended into an extensive flat ; reached Aethaiearn. Near it is a fine well, once 
Ptrrth yn fJyn, a fine bay, guarded on reputed for it*s sanctity. Cbiiclnued 
the w. by a narrow hcad-land, jutting descending : on the right are the high 
far ihto the sea ; on part of it are the re- conic hills of Gern goch and Oem d£ty 
mains of strong entrenchments. the extremity of the long chain which 
Separated from this bayby a shiall head- extends obliquely from Snowdon, be- 
laud, is that of N€fyn\ and near it a ginning at Talmignddd. Reach 
Imall town ofthe same name. Ascend Clynnog, seated in a small grove near 
f considerable way up the side of the the shore, upon a plain, near the foot of 
high hill, and after a space of level the hills. The chureh is the most mag- 
^ound, visited' Nant y Gvsrihcyrn, or nificent structure of it's kind in N. 
Vortigern'svalley, an immense hollow, Wales, built in form of a cross ; the 
U$ which Vortigem is said to have fled length from e. tow. is about 138 feet, 
from the rage ^f bis subjects. Imagina- from n, to s. W. Adjoining to the 



145 CftfCkHldW&L. r^ 

chdfth H ^tkftimpgiof stBeunol ' Ttih bf tt's csistie, atfd ehibattled gateW^. ' 
t»^u«aj5!6 t& it is vnsutow vault covei-ed TWe. opposite village of Llangattdtk 
-^vvith great flat' fltODles:- In the midst ik iS««foraed with sevetal handsome -sesttftf, 
thetombof'the'saint. Votaries to this lAfhabited by respcJctAbW families. A>- 
saint are dipjied m a iie»gfebouring'i^ellf, 'mt^hg thesethfe mansion of — ^ Hoteb- 
and then laid upott-the tomb,. where TSjesq. claims piatfticiiia^ notice j latelf 
they, reniaii^ ail^xiighu. »Mir. Pennant possessed by Aiimtraft 0««. • -J 

says, that.be saw. ]^k>o .tbe tomb aieath- ^': 'The toa^ ' '^o • '■ H ay* 'lies - tllroii^ 
er-bcd, upon which a poor paralytic ^tcem vhh. > TKfete is^ lilso a village 
f rcjq* Mdrionef hshirehid* lain all nighY. "talted Uan Detir, of no'pctuliar'intereslf. 
Those who are <;ur,ious in druidic,^- JDeai*»the foot of that asceinding jwlottC 
^fciquities, may see arv ^hcommonxrim- glctomygramfeur and bdrdic d«ldb"titt 
lech on the farm of Backwen, about half tallM OoBhir Ai4fiiirP '^Atthe ilisfiLttde 
a mile from.tbis place.' - The-dis- t>f tSvomil6s,atfat*0Kil'W6We-pfttHleaak 
tanc^ from .CIyjnn^;to^(^aerAa>vp9 is to 'the 'Village elnd' Vuitis'of TfktMft^^ 
ten miles, upp.^^ i continual p^in^.vljh^ -both of which *ate hl*ghlA^picture^4tHf, 
JToad pxcellent.' ,(?ros8 the LlyfnJ, , ji ^he rdadnext whidsJaloiig the side<eii|i 
xapidstream flowin|j ouioif'Llyn NapJlle. -lillUo^rlookiAg vthfe VftUfeybcfofre meAu 
;l7poa the isthmu? of .Llyfm,"oppps(^^ J^oBted. '■ 'ThecHtili:l«^d| village of^lS*. 
the "house .of li^eiirafi^rp xs. sai4 to. .l?je ^ iPftdkaet'Cukt 'Ptf'tit* i* 'the head cif 4f. 
~»tTong cafip (ia^ed,C[^n:^g y ,l>inis. ,. j. , 'WtOk' BWlch arid • Hattivil'' overtoppiflijr 
Jv.bout 3 mii^es,,tuiriQ t^ the left, tq vlsk Jliem. 'TYifii- parish • commands mdcfc 
^DuTAS I^iNLfcE, a vast ipi,oirpt,9Ci5tav4v 'fertility df sdll,'fefeitft5f<«f <ifaation; aiiA 
and sand,.* upon ]the/,vergeof'a,.gre^t *aVifcaMe' eddMferts WWi^t'rctireMiftfi^ 
'ixJ3rsh,on,'the4H6xeL'jAlacgeaFeicpfPr 'Wte latter itf il«ectta^f*i^ofet! fd^ioui-eA 
jSwehei?i.dstliQsj^U,s<iyrounded,\).Ya9 VfUag^e.' -. ^tThe" ti-a^lk* Witt firid 
^mazing, agge;^, app^ently foi[mecl iy thd Crossing' iaflth^ 4im^€l labdiridu*; 
'iliq 5?arUi Wojped out'piF the summit. *ut tt* suddeh 'ttiirW ofi'!iftd'SUitiWiit>dltf- 
'TOtKn We remami offoundatiops b> ^ays a rilost gifend^'paWatimiiciViid^ft 
l)uilding8,pto.9Mo^gform,constru9ted it^iWitwAfow br''/.dH^i^?*»/,imm«i|t 
withe^rth and r9u^d stones, and in pne ateiy Undettieath; pro<*^ces a sH(g«ilftt 
jpartis itumuljjs. On the ouUid^ofe^feef. .'The- other 'j*ift<%illandm$*lfc| 
the agger, in .pb^'. pa(t is a very deep ate^the rid^e of tld^k fnOM^ifoiW, $t>uth <jt 
VliW:h, with. inplher,7 high rampart. Brecknoc*,- dftWitig-up the'^outh-wost 
There is a regular, entrance at one'^nd; corner of the view ; the villagesJoC'Tr^i, 
on the other, th^ grouiwi slopes to.th^ tftfitow'and r«/gf«r#A^i«ilh«'bPttom; the 
sea; and is quite open. Continue wndttfeftmg tfhd 'of 'the Wj^c-beyotttf, 

upon a turnpike-road^ cross the Gwyr- with^Bmtt%i:i«w//# OYi >the lUiAWf) 
fai,^tI^ontKewydd^w)i'ich flows froi^fi whtte thel cham^i^fl |<artof Radndl^. 
I,lyh Cwellyn • ^nd soph after cpss tl^e ^hltc ttretches*d»4e worth as far as thii 
Jeiont, and reacij'paeifn^ryoh, ' eye will reath; " ^ • On-thesurtlrail of 

-CaenuiTTQi*5»ffliles,Pffnnant, Itfvfel witblthc ground.. Thfcrte ire som« 

' ' > .. r ... ^ra^e^ iqi^,^ ^f 21 g^^terratieotis passagd 

^.>-,^^-*-./r^*-.^^^a#*---/».--^.^^^^ ^, q^ desGehdfrig'from these haunts of 

From Brecon, 14 mtib8{'fc(filkl«;«Wjnd!lkm. -mottntain -sheep, and 'anolent seats of 

Abergrttieitnyiett^s, WaraeK'' i . in-nsbciable aridl«i4tw»tlul bftronsi th« 

. -^ Llantbony AJibey,;fl«lle«, Skrml;. i *rai*ller (says Mi-. M^kin , forhere t»* 
CRICKHOWfit,* (from CtAg HoW- icompiler muft a^ail himself of' hiSJfcut 
el, Che rock of Howel) situated at the thot'sf own exptessiw ttnd animatw* 
SpUth-eastern extremity of Brecknock- sentences) arri^s gnddeniy at a- spot^ 
shire, is a decayed vill^ge,hanging oh the the most incongruous and unexpected 
side of a fine hill, ^here is in it an an- that can be conceived in these imiple 
cient palace of the Herberts. The wall is regions. He finds himself translated at 
perfect towards the street, arid the once to the Paragon, Prospect Places 
great entrance, with the porter's lodge. Paradise Row, Mount Pleasant, or som* 
famishes some idea of it's anciem mag- such supreme court of finery, foppery, 
nificence. The parish Church contains and folly, as occurs within a circle of 
some fine old monuments. Crickhowel five miles round London! a ^mm:6 
is chiefly noticed for the beauty of it's -which compiehedds most of the arclife. 
situation, dnd the picturesque remains tectural absurdltiGfy,a»d most4>f tte' 



141 CltUCIS.}^9fKEy. 146 

hoffticiikund d^tenpitau^ to- whiqb ^ iju^, fl^od fromU'« faam^t toit'f 



«« \AMrgsveiHiyi, « a4lfe«, WyteUiam. 



▼Uiatied imagination has evec givep me, w^Ui woodi whUe vn ., , , ... 
I^inlk Yet doe» Tr«x;«cca »eem, by conv- quarter, Kan, the moaarcli of brcconi- 
hinatM>n» to have outdone them a^. ^o mounumt, exalts it's two majestic 
Kere a gotbic arch ! t^ere a corinthiMt iuix>mi^, wi^ pre-^^unent di^ty. 
capital 1 Towers, battleroeiUf, and ba*. TbHa* i8«iwiftiikb» 
tions! peacock, cut io box. aa^ , ^1^7.i:^X^lT^^^ m.^ 

• ^lacked m holly ! And who IS. U that has '^ "^ » 

.thus deluged his native conntry with 
bad las^ i Is it a nabob, an innke^p^ 
er. Off a dancing-master, who, haMHtf »«», rhua. ms^m^ i««^^ 
omtrived to raise a fortune by ooe o* ^'Tl'S^^^.f.X^l^nu E«; 
ihose trades, whichoftpnpjoH>er M^her^ • ws»^ rennamj Kwwm, 

ietter faU, prudently determine?* to rer . . -^Corwen, i»nilqi,tttfiM. 
Aiord the event, and ijiise a^viumpM ... tn^^if^r^ Mnni&ir an/^'vAT v nnv 
.|iioimBientt>a.|h« site.o^ his.*»op»p«b4aK /*i-^fr^vl? ABBEY, and VALE CRTJ- 
^r'f bumble, c^w^ge;. Nay, ^oAji • w^Irv.w,,5^ ^t" P'^^**^^^ 



j^wa8apreacWoft^ego«»#,M0fe$ih ^T*^^- ^— ^H^" ^^''^ °°® ^ *^ 
.«dly.of the ^ric;te*t persuasion and iio« TnosrbeatfttttUlyjiecluded situations ia 



;i»ortified habi^ wmefy.John Harm, i^.l^"^^''!}^i.^'"iT^^^**^^ 

^rn on the spot on th^ $3d of Januift*, ^'^^Z mojuitams a^I ;abtupt rocks, cot- 

%W' Hei^Wf5fe2dif.Whffi &^ "^fr !>t?'^» ^^? ^^?^ 

imd the first who introducedmetbodism ^^^^^' , ,, .^^^lf5"^^**V'?f*^^^ 

jmto the principality, iie died in llfiiK 'JS^^^^t^^**,^^^'' ^"^ ^*i^ «^ 

toving all h^s estates, to a comnw iS^^V ^"'"^ >^J: KP«<* at a litUc dis- 

»tock, for maintaining a neighbourhood . ?^^* '^^ ^^'^'^^ ^- ^^^' embower- 

which he had. PoUected during hi» life. «?>P »<?e«»and backed by the mountain, 

In 18Q3 there were ^members in thi» ^^.^r^ summit of v^iich stands the rem- 

jE^traordinary family. There isfervicein ^^^^^. ®i ^f '^^^ P^°^ ftran, oroduces > 

ibe house three tiroes a-dayaU the vcv f^fne finely picturesque. This abbey 

round. BrunUya QatOe is * little ". ^^^*^^^^°^ *or it's name to the cross or 

way to the left of the high road, on the ^^^^^' ^^^f ** ^^M^ meadow adjoining, 

bank of the river Lunwy. TheviUaoe .??*^ ^^/^^^ sccbnd ttiile^tone from 

of Tatgarih is pleasantly situated and Lla;i^oJlen, caUed the Pillar of Eliseg. 

rather neat. It appears lohave been erected in mem- 

Onthe road to Brbcon, mr. Warnor i^ry^'Ehseg.Uther of Brochmail, prince 

notices thatabom five miles from the P* ^'o'^ys, by Coricenn or Congen, hi» 

jtowu, ia the hedge, on the left hand, i$ ^^^^ grandson, the same who was de- 

AStonepUlar, mentioned by Camdewas l^^^^ ^^ ^^'''^^ ^^^ *>2"le of Chester, 

having tipon it the following inscripr ^V was once 12 feet long, but being 

lion J •* N— — filius Vicf9rini." Time ^^^own down, and broken, it's upper 

has, however, obliterated all the letters pa« only is 16ft, which is 7 feet in 

except " Victor." . In proceeding length. The owner of the land caused 

from Crickbowel to Brecon, mr, $krine ^*^** P*'' *® ^ pla«fed on it's p^idestal, 

vUiied,bytheway,thevilUgeandpio. va-l^'Jg. The beginning of the insecip- 

turesque ruin of Tretowtr, and soon af- .W>»» ^ copied by mr. tdward Uwyd, 

ler began to ascend the mountain of '^^ ^*^^*» " Conceon films Cateli, Ca- 

BitUh, which separates the two grea^ teli filius BrochmaU, Brochmad filius 

vales of the Usk. As soon as he had 1^^* Eliseg filius Cnoillaine, Con- 

emerged fvom the hollow of the paf», a cenn itacjue pronepos. Eliseg edificavit 

^ew scene opened. On the right lay, hunc lapidem proavo suo Eliseg." The 

Extended, a dreary valley in front of the inscription is now. illegible. This ab- 

Valeof Brecon; the Usk still fiiow'mg bey wasahouseofCistertians, dedicat- 

thtough romantic, tho' less culUvated, ed to the Virgin Mary, and founded by 

acenery. An excellent road is traced Madoc ap GrylFydd Maelor, lord of 

alongtfae banks of this river to Brecon. I>ixias Bran, or Bromfield, about the 

The rapid Honddy, descends in a tor- year 1200. Thc^e rows of groined 

fteac from the hills, and unites with the arches, on single round pillars, sup- 

^jsk, just before the latter passes under portjthe dormitory, now a I'oftapproacb- 

^» stately arches of the bridge at Breo- «d by steps from without. Part of the 

ML . On the somh^ses the hill of Canr chimney in one of Uie bed-chambers i$ 



^49 CRUGIS fB3£T. 1^ 

.^reljpof fiieDuIchralmoaument. . Tbe ^trian, but far px«lerable,,on acicouot^ 
niin* o('tlie Chyrch and part of the at- the romantic views. Mr. PennantTfj- 
be^ stilly rf^maip* The church wte turned by VaUe Crucis, and after wind- 
built crucl/prm, iii several styles, qf ing along a steep, midway to the old ca%- . 
architecture j ^nd. furnishes a sp^clmep tie, descended, and aft^r crossing the 
of the ornamental gothic of the 13th rill of the Bran, arrived in the valley qf 
century. The length of the abbey Glissegj which is long and narro:^, 
church is 180 feet, the nave 51 /the! side bounded on the right by astonishing 
isles 13. A few of the arches are pure precipices, divided into numberless. p^ 
gothic, but thpse which support th^ rallel strau of white limestone, with 
tower, and seycjralbf the doors are n^x- some vast yew-trees ; and on th^ lefi^ 
>d and ornamental. The east end is in by smooth and verdant hills, border 
the most ancient style, where tbe w;jii^- by pretty woods. One of the princi^ 
dows consist of long oarrpw slips,;^Hpxpe /of the (afiufig yvcib as named Cratg.^t* 
ly pointed sit top. The west end ^ai^^a ftmr, f one a^ X^ end of the vale call^ 
Ur^e' window with tfiree lancet^ j !fu^d Qfatg y Forvyfif, ^ bol4> precipitous,; a^fl 
under ah arc^Cjd d^orrway. AbovjC Is tcj:p[^j^ingj9.fiy^/L na^V^rali cqlum^, 
a small, marii^Id window, of aii elegaAt ^Mr. Pennants^f , " TTl^i? ^?llley i« ^if4* 
iret^wo'rlc,iyiJJithis ihscri^tionVi A. ij. iyinhabited^Jij!pp^ly)iby an ipd|?pfiui* 
A DAM. n |h^ ^. fecit hoc opus. J*ace cpt iac^ of w^rm^nd wealthy yeqfi)^^^ 
'beataquiescau'.Amen.^', a'aduh]der,the ^, undevpm^^^ as yet, by th& gr^ 
.3piutilate4 da^^ M.D,'^,'. .'. . The biWeiis ^ineo of |hc cowVP7>l^ . ^ o^de^ N gCHt 
Wbi^ support the iptemsd a^ct)e^.^ii ir^o.th^! ^gh.rq^d, he pursued f^ \^f^ 
vx capitals of ^le^ant foliage ; ;an4 W -^. ^ iH<Wf»c^nt. W t^ left j and a^^ilt 
inouldings'bfthe arches aire bignjly.; or^- i^id-way visited, a bouse, onqe . thes<k- 
iiam'entalJ In the north transept., is f sidencejof £4^^^ii;:9avies, alow.parr 
-<;hapel, with two arches, and near it ^ ti^suL oa the jsid/^.^f C^mweU. 4^ifr 
<;!oubte ben^der^^r vessel for holy war ^ontinupg ai>iasc;ent for a short spjic^ . 
ter. Adjoining the church i^ the a^; lfurther,,;he, ceacibed.'the pass .«aU^ 
bey^ to which ijhe apiartments^ of th/^ If wick ^ JUUw j^iient and fell again; ipf 
abbot were c^iitigiipus;. The Wnt of tp.thejcr^a^^fqiidg Jro?» the height i»r . 
the abbey wai uncoiumopjly fi.rai>4f , A )>ove this pkaipi^ii^a very extensive vie.w 
large window, tiijgbw ornamented wi^ pf t^h^ hpndred of' Yrole ; after.some 4^ 
stone tracery, which reached from the scent, croaspd th^ Alyo* Here a^j^ 
roof to tlie groiindj is' jtill yisfble,: ^th i|f ises to w^^teu t^K) yales of MqW, H^^^ 
three lohg lancets ; ' ahd over Cherh t^o ^c . teavf^yiarlbtle to the left, a pk^q? 
others, with renvvkal^e j^i^ter^^rpp- galled Hawd yrAbf^^ the ^te of a coupr 
ping from thein. Within are the marks Xij sc^, be^Uu^iflg.^he. abbot of yaifft 
wheresiood ^ a small narrow utatr-case. .Qcu^is ^ Close %<k^^ road side lies Tptm- 
The clp^siter, is vaulted, a9d supported metLy Rhodapy^iUnce a fortress knqw^ 
by rows of low pillars; now dsWded by the name )C^//«o/Ka/e, built by Q^r> 
into apartmenCB, which are apprepnat- en. Gwynedd^ about the year 1 146. j[( 
ed for cattle r<a farmer oceupying part consists of a* vast artificial mount, with 
of it as a dweUing->h<yule. ' The area of another still Ipf^r,; near one end, tb^ 
the <:hurch'ts ovfergtown with tatfash keep ot the pl^kciei ; These are surroundr 
trees< .) : , . .; ed with, ai great, fpss and ramparts ^aM 

Retuming from this place to< Llant bavie o^ly a, bingleentnince. At p^r^ 
gollen,CastleI>tff«>Brafi>may bemost ejax; there is .not, a relic of the super-r 
coovciniently. visited. [See lilaiigol-9 Structure, which. W;ai9. proba^bly forme4 
ien.] ofwood, aswas^rustojnary withft<|ver^ 

Traoingthe wooded banks x?f.the ancient nations* He^ce mr. Peanaftl 
De<e from Vale Crucis, mr. Skrise ad« crossed the country for about tw^ milea 
vanced tbwards the fine gothic. bridge to the village of iiand^g/a,! noted fov 
TO LrLANAOLLBN, beautifully situated a* it's fairs^ of black cattle. . About 90Q~ 
bovie the southern bank of the river, yards from the church, in a quilletcaUf 
and. almost surrounded by the impend? ed Owem Z>4g^, rises a small spring, 
ing ridge of the Berwyn mountains* under the tutelage of st. Tecla, yu^t^ 

From the pillar of Eliseg there are andmartys; to which great cerciiionU 
two ways ; one to Ruthin, along an ex- als and superstition, attach. UeiKe^ bq. 
cellent turnpike- i<»d ; the other is a* visited the l^puse of ^SM^idrif, a lafse.afMl 
clapted only for the horseman or pedes- ancient p^.e99.belo^Hlg the Csm^y 9l 



"Vaugha'nofCorsygedo^. Bodidns takds ^litetc'a himhetiti^e 
it'» nanie from Idris/shn of Llewelyn grekt fA'ad, intd the'dsunty of Flini. 
A'ardorchog, tht ahcient lord of Yafc. Withiri '<X jmiles of Mold, he examined 
-It stands ifi two counties, Flmtshire and long the charramg vile which opens 
Denbighshire. . L/a«an?wn is a villagfe, 'wifi' exquisite btrautylroiti VroH, the 
the church of which is dedicated t6$i. JsfeaVdf the ingenious Rictord Williams, 
<Jermanus, bishop of Auxerriej whd, ei'j:^.- Cambria here lays .aside her ma- 
•ivith St. Lupus, 'contributed to gain'the jcstic air; arid cbndescends.to'assamea 
Victoria Alleluiatica over the Picts and gentler foriii. This Svas anciently call- 
Saxons, hear'Mbld. Sepulchral tumuli ed Ystrad-Alan, of the dale of the Alun, 
*it€ very frequent in this parish. ** I a eomkt in the qantref^ Ifthrw ; inhaV 
;WW present," says mr. Pennant, "'at "Ited W'a hardy race,' at perpetual feud 
•thte opening of one, composed of loo*e with ttie men of Cheshire on one side, 
-•tones and earth, cbvefed <«rith a layet "arid (hfe men of Yale upbti the other. 
^ soil about two feet tliick, and ov^ [A delicious com^sition is here pre- 
kH&fea coat of verdarit tuff. In thfe setited .of nne rich land' bounded by 
•e6iWie of pur s^ahih', wttfre-discoy^re^, jg;eht^ risiirgs, Vatered by the Alun, 
"tflHi^aVds tlie middle "of thfftuimilus, s)jv- an4 Vj^rled with a pretty town and fine 
■eUfW'urns madebf'8unl%urnt clay,"o|fa chy'rch In the mid^l^'; with ftumferous 
T^etfHish colour on'^ftf^^«utside, blkclt s^aA/girovei,iijdWbllciiltiVated farms. 
HrilBiit, bein g ' stained '^ritti the ' 'ishkk Ainhi^t the tormerattbear s ctjnspicuous, 
^IftJ'tqntainfed. l^achnHh^iplafccfd W?ifli '±eMiSidf the* creatMsof iir George 



*([h^l fnbuth dowhwilrds/'.upoh ' a'^ffiit Wykne,'fisihg pdlac^-lik^/kkJftg'a fine 

HUd^* aibo;ve'eaEc^i^afi8liii()tKei-;to'pW6- llBjfe'^pbn the sdtith ^idef'6f the vale, 

Tsft^ei them from bete^brtykeA by the lluVrl^tibd^d by w'ood^ ati'd iWhs j^ a sad 

Tp^ght above. Mikfedf- With the loo$t fel^ui'cifeum 'of fu^d'buk Wealth, The 

. 1»6Wft8, were numejtotis 'ffagTAehh* -blF fii^^hil'view.'inclu'deV th^ fesYua^es of 

1><«ft j such aij paits of JJIH^thigh hotitf. ih^ rJ^fe; Weever,' krifl NJfeVsfey ; theViUi 

iffi^aftn^-bones, and-'^veJfi tf scUU.^ THMe iff tHl^Jhire.^VicI" t?h^ fiiore f emote range 

iitftf;i*capedth6efRifc»6fti<e'fihjbrthk iyp t%e^ '0? Shropstiffei Staffordshire 

•ftn^rdl pile, ftnd'Werefdeji6»itefd'afl[)b\rt fecVtSr^lvirb; YdrksSi^e, ' Lahcashire, 

thfeurnsj* which conftiifi^tihieriB^idtit Westmbtelandar/d*(pu'm'^)6tlknd. Hence 

tihA f>f the corple, AVHicH flad been rl6- tlothJ^^toWh of MoL^i^'a pleasam ride. 

^Gc^d toi pur<*--^^e*.'*? ''The countit ;' Jpo LVan«Uci^ 

«W«j^^feroiVscontractedPbytheappr64 '%r t^u^nip^^^ .Evansj 

ft«ite(ynoftheMm;^'Ob^iie-8id^,inttie ''^^'JT^/h't/r?^;'"^? !^ ' •')!• T' » .. 

tbWnship'ofTr6<f*ty'3,a*e'focky ledge* -yoU'thiyiS^'Axteii'v'tmM: • ""• • 

^iF^limestone, ri6hiii^teS*i6rei . On th"^ 'Ijll'L'i;' 1 
i«ft^fe Jthe Clw^diatt hins'i which dP- 



Vi«e"this country frbtn the Valtf 6f ' !>ife« S*: Asa^,'« h^Jttl'Pttinatfri'Biftglcr; 

Cr^yd. There is a pass through thesfe •' -' Httttoh;^ i :".:;^' '-i !•> 

tfills, lying between the-summiticallfea • :-Ht-itoiyw«ii, i&aHes^Ailiiii. • 

t^Bftbly the i-oad 'of that .chieftain to ^l imiPW«WJ'AW«ri ^^fP^hSkiix^ 
MWha: MoelPeniH, onBchllTs Hill h« DENBIGH, or Denbeh ; (it's ancient 

wpoWita strong britlsh post, guafde'd by bfh'i Jh*^ harme was' Ctttel Kleaviryn yn 

-dik^ and fossefe.' • In-lTTO, Wfifcft rt»t: Rtod6,Jrhecrtggy hilt tnRh&«} the coun- 

^•■dHnatit passed Lhtnverr^s, the church tjit^Wfa 'of irenbighshirer, i|' iittiated on 

4VM^tt!building, chiefly by the 'bounty a rocky declivity, the summit of which 

of-lftrs: Ciitherinc Jones of Clommeh- Is browned by the' fine Yuink of it's Cas- 

dy.f" It is evident the Rdmans have* lie, nearly in- the centre of the vale of 

been Resident in these' pttrtsi from the Giwyd. The streets are, except onc^ 

hUfhber of coins found in this \ieigh- very *tt«gular, a*d the houses -iUbuUt. 

hourftood,' particularly denarii. Cross- The entrance imothe castle is through 

ed the turnpike-roadbetween Mold and a targe gothic arch, which was former- 

Ruthin ; which aiFter a lottg ascent, pas^ ly ftattked by two octagonal towers, 

ses Bwfe* Pen y Barras, a Spot extrente* now in ruins . In "a niche over t*ic gate 

|y wMtHy of the travfelter'S . attention * i»a ftgur« of it's founder Henry de Lacy, 

pn aQtfo)i#ilfc of the beautiful' view over 6arl o€ Lincoln, AMho< lived in the time 

the: vale 0I Clwyd. Mr. Pehnam's of Edward L Thd crastlc is strong, and 



has been bvj^; in t\^i comrnQs m^-, Q^ford. It U said that be wi^i Qipi^; 
lief, by tw<^W24te» b^wen^whic^^ wa^, Thomas Price, of 'Pl^syollin,, and,.* 
pouted, a iiuitiije ,9^, hot morta? ,^, qfmt. Koet, were the first who smqj^ed 
XOUghsUyjepiOf.v^riQUSsiziesjw^ifijjhi*) tobacco publiqiy in. London, and that 
becanjpcoolitf9rp9led^verjrhJffd.ni^$^ R?f?R^? flocked fyom all part? to see 
The castle^ j^ndj inclosed past .of 'the mem. Pipes were not then inventedy 
town, t9a.lL.^up.;a. yery con«iderabl,e so. they Vjsed the twisted leave^ or, «»•$ 
space, and wer^ defended by strong ^rs* vTtie invention of pipes is usuaUy 
-lyalls and towers.' There are two gate^ attributed to sir Walter Raleigh j ^bnt 
to the ;bmaM^t.p!5ecinct^:: that called, ^e he was too much a courtier tp smoke! 
Burgesses tower, is large and square, in public, especially in the reign of 
built ivith small ashler stones ; the 6th- James, who wrote a book against, thet^ 
er wds caHfed the exchequer gale, in ^iractice under the 6tle of " The cpMn-r 
which the Ipfd's ^purt was Kept. Some ter-blast to Tobacco." Thomas the 4^]^ 
few houses, with most beau titul views, son was lord may^or of London an^ 
are Inhabiied in this part, kere stands founder of .the family of Chirk castl^« 
the chapel, caUedStx Hillary 'Sj.Cormer- His sixth son^ Hugh, projected and 
ly belonging to the garrison now the brought to perfef tion the great dqsigi) 
place ofworship for the town. Not far of supplying the city with water,, ift 
from it arethei'emainsof an unfinished 1613 ; but |ie sacrificed his fortune ii^ 
church, 173 Xeet long^ aAd 71 broad, de- this undertaking, and the ingptitude p£ 
signed to have, been, supported by two the citizens allowed hini to submit to 
rpwsof pilUrs, . This noble fragment become a hireling sunrey or. 
wasbegttniftjl5.7S, by Robert Dudley, The road to Holywell, through 
carl of t^icester, one of the favourites Caerwys, lies across the vale of Clwyd. 
pi queen Elizabeth, who incurring, the At the distance of 3 miles to the right«,is 
dislike of thcpeople, was;iaduced to a grand brick building which mr. Warner 
leave the chnroh in an imperfect state, says is a bleachery, belonging to lord 
From this summit is an>extensive view. Kercol. The beautiful cottage of mrs. 
The vale . is luxuriantly ' expanded, Lloyd is near this place. At Pen 

while the steriUty of the. mountainous y bawn, an elevation about a mile on 
boundary, on each side> prodvce a strik- this side of Holywell, a picture of pror 
ing contrast, and finely reheye the pic^ digious extent and variety greets the 
ture between. The castle of .Denbigh beholder! Arran, Cader Idris iqA 
is seen with tbcgreatest advantage from SnowHon, are easily distingushed 417 
die road to Hnthip. , Elevated on ^he mong the thousand hills of Merioneth 
Aumn^it.of a rpck it has a grand appear- and Caernarvonshire. Holywell ap- 
.ance» find the scenery is open and vari- pears to the east; beyond it the riv^s 
ed;' indeed, the views all the way to Dee and Mersey, backed by the Lan/^ 
Ruthin, ate interesting. This- rich vale shire coast. To the south east is seen 
is bounded ^t a distance by .the Clwy.d? a part of Chester, 
dian hills. . . , The Priory: pf, Carme* From Denbigh, on his way to Rvr 
Jiites, or White Friars, stood at the bottom Ti^f n, mr* Pennant passed to GwaenynQg, 
of tliqtown. Itiwas founded by John a' house two miles distant, fronted iby 
Salusbury of Lleweni, who died, as aj*. 'rn^Jestic oaks. The finely wooded dipr 
j;>eared from a mutilated brass, fouj^d. in gles belonging to the demesne,, were 
the.convenwaitjhurch, March 7, l^B9i: ;udiciousiy cut into walks by the owner 
Th^BullandtheCro.wnaretli«princi- Jphn Mydeltop, esq, , . Hethenvisr 
palinps, . I'tedHen/Zoi?, the parish church of, thw<? 

. The parish Church is. at. Whti- parts; remarka|)le for the scl^^ni ibir 
i?Aurc;A, about a mJie . distant pnithefoad tween chnrch and steeple; .the ficst 
to Ruthip,i«i'3>rhM:h; is a stone montt- haying retreated) into the bottpn^, t^je 
mentrto ribe ..mefnory • of . {Humphrey last maintained it's station uppn.the,tpp 
Xloydi the antiquary;^ in Chft attitude of pf the hiJL The chnrcb was .-c^yevg^ 
. prayer i\and iA tbepor ch is ^ smaU brass w ith shingles, ^ spec ies of roof alinos^ 
of sir RiebardMidiiletdni gcfevernofiof ,pbsplete. Not .'far distant, on the 

,D^i^^gh.XSastle )in 15C76..: .•SeVeralipf >anks of the brook Meircphion;, are the 
this gentlemanjs sonswereonco ofdis- remains of asea^pf A^^r^ff£W^(^«pi^fw-• 
tinguished characters, ^articularly.;the 'ckion, or Merach y Meirch, lord of 
third, namedWilliam, a sea-captain and ,^sdulas. The chapel isjE^w standing, 
»Q.j»minent-poeti. his ^sdunotioH was'at ,^^^J^^ farm-housje. i^ce, a(- 



105 DiKAS onrLLE. \^ 

ter ft tMc of a few miiet, readied Dj/- man figurei. Contiguoot ate aome 
fryn AUed, a narrow vale, bounded by comfortable AlniB-hooics for 8 wd- 
high hilli, and ornamented by a modem ow«, founded by inrs: Jones, Llanitudd. 
magnificient seat; built by nir$, M eyrie, er, in 1729. Each of them baa her gar- 
At the head of the valley stand the den, and 2t. per week. On the 

Tillage and church of Llansannan, road to Rt»THiif, upon an estate of sir 

On his way to Gwytherin, celebrated for William Bagot, are some uncommonly 
receiving the remains of st. Winefrede line chesnut trees ; a species introduced 
after her 2d death, mr. Pennant des- into this country by the Romans. Ru- 
cended a very steep wooded dell, in the thin is entered under Pbrth y Dwr, ifi 
township of Penared, to visit the gloomy only remaining gate, 
cataract of L/y»yr 0^0, where the Ailed To RutWn, 8 miles. Pennant i Wjndhami 
tumbles into a borrible black cavern, Aikin; Hutton. 
overshaded by oaks. Somewhat higher — HoiyweU, 16 miles, Warner. 
IS another, exposed to full day, falling — Caerwyi, lO miles, Wyndhamls Sd. tour, 
from a vast height, and dividing the — 8t As«ph,6milei,Skrinc. 
>pafcedglen. UynAUed, the smzMlzkc Back lo st Aisph, Biaglcy . 
Hhtti which the river flows, lies at a ^^^^.^vr^^.^^.^^y^«^^^«>w%^"^#^^ 

^ abort distance, amid black and heathy ^^^ cterpiirTmi.o miles, Hutton, 
mountains. The little viUage and J^^^V^™^ 
church of Gwytherin stand upon a DINAS DIKLLE, lies south of Cacr. 
bank, at the head of a small vale, near n»von» ^^^ «> <»>« ^* ««* « anppos- 
the rise of the Elwy. In the church is ^d to have been a roman fort, it con- 
ahcwn the box in which the reliques of «su of an extensive flat upon the ihore; 
St. Winefrede were kept before their about 70 acres of which is covered with 
removal to Shrewsbury. Here is also • ^^^ "^^^^ gently rwcs from the east 
an ancient grave-stone, with a flowery ^^ «>uth, to the height of 20 yards, and 
cross and chalice. On the n. side stand tenninatcs in a precipice on the west, 
4 rude upright stones. On Pennant's where is the sea, and on the north a 
return to Gwaenynoc, he foUowed the »wamp. This is the work of nature. 
Course of the tllwy, by Havodynos, the The work of art is no more than a large 
s«at of Howel Lloyd, esq. by the church «Kfi«^ °f.?®°i**' '°""^ *® highest part 
and village of Uangerniew ; by Gartke. of the hiU. The areaat thetop is about 
wn, the seat of Robert Wynn, esq., 12 acres, exclusive of the surroundiBg 
commanding a most lovely view of a wounds. The soil thrown out of the 
fertile Httle valley, bounded by hills, •»«»ch <» ««* side forms ttie two 
atfd covered by hanging wbods. Thence mounds j the mcemalis much the larg- 
by Il/amjofr ' mthaearn, a village and ««*• The trench is about 6 yards deep, 
church, at a short distance above the *>«* w«» originally deeper. Towards 
conflux of the Elwy and AUed. In this the north of the area » a small etreular 
parishwasoneoftheresidenc^8offf«/d «se, 20 yards m diameter, upon which 
ilfo/toyho^, descended from Roderic the probably stood a waich-tower. There 
great, king of all Wales. A large moat *» ^ mound next the sea ; the place 
called Yrmh Uiis; marks the place. wa» secure w^houtoAej itcouMonly 
From Gwaenynofe h^ passed beneath ^« a»«ttled on the east and south. Half 
Denbigh Castle, visited Uanrhmder, a <>»« Fo«pect, from this eminence is sea, 
ViUage in the middle of the vale, including the south of Anglesea, which 
the Church of which is stil< remark- ^^^ **»»« ?<>»"«» ^« ^^ ^ agreeable 
able for an eaftt window of very en- a«pect; but the east view, ovcrcuhi- 
tire painted glass, Expressing the root ^ated meadows, bounded by the*ivals, 
efjess^. Here is a vast monument of GwemGoch,theCader,My«eddVawr, 
Miurlc^' Jones; of Llanrhaiaer, esq. Moel Etian, fcc.-; is chanmagv 

- m the chtoch.^ard isatomb of agen- Ou thcleftof ttoetoad'ToCYjioca- 
tieman who choose to build his fame 6n bonthaif amite beyond ihC'Villagc^f 
a long genealogy. From an eminence Llandwrogwe^he grounds iSfG/y«tfiwwi, 
to tfhe '*rw., called Cader. Gxolndus, Or the seat oflordNewborough. • Ap- 
<Jwladu^'s chair, is^a beautifulview of proaching the Bfbal or Mfi^mwm^mi, 
the vale between Denbigh and Rtthhi. -they assame a grand asjiect. 
At the foot of this rising h' Fynnon ' to Clynojf, 6 miles^ Hufion. 
•2Mj{fna^, a fine spring, inclosed in an •' 

-angulA' waU, decorated "wtth niftaHIro- .fr'<^,^^,^'ur^^^^j,^^^^^^^^ 



15T M^S'fUOWDDWr. 15$ 

— ^W!a.42Hi»lirt,>^Mrtt;ifvaffs. .' ^ rt^ndn Wte dig«rfied with "The 
, ^ — ll*hyttaflfeflH'12inHet.8krfee. : Hall." In irwJtof the houses I per- 

Back from Matlwyd, Pennant. ' '"'' termed that the ' inhabitaiys could not 

DINA* MOWD0WY, i« ple«ant!y inj«tethemselvcsijy falling dow^^ 
situated at the juiictiott of three vales, i^ltho^ m England I appeared hke other 
formed by ranges dfloftrmoufltaitts, on "?f«; r^t^ ^»«^, Mowddwy I stood 
theshelfofarSckbeneathOdgyDiW, »'*«»«• The people eyed me as a phe- 
on the baiiks of the ICerris, where it ^^J^^^'^' with cbunten^ccs mixed 
cmptiesitselfintotheDoVy. Neither mr. with fear and enquiry. Perhaps they 
AikiB, nof mr. Bmgley, appear to have ^^^^^ ^^ ^ msj^tor of taices ; they; 
visited this ptocei ret fe 4lid.iiot escape «^«J^ «?^ ^^^ ""^^'' ^ window-peep- 
the diligent curiosity of. mr.Penqa^ or, for there w^e scarcely any to peepr 
thekev!J.fiva^k,m^.Skrihe,and mr. at, and the few i saw were m that shat. 
Huttdn ; the last of whom describes his ^'^ «"?« which proved there was not 
visit as foUows. «» Having undersiooa «^^^«' *"/**^P^*<^-, Many howei 
that this place held a considerable were totaUy without glass AmbiUMi 
cmfnfence in the comparison oF welch ^f « «?"?« whoUy^ excluded. The 
towns, and the property of the ancient $^« ^^^^^ mhabitatati changes not; 
family of Mitton ; that it was one of the ^} »* ""/^^ ^"^ «f > ^^^^ ^'j?^- That of 
five lordships in Wales which were »n, ^^e ^f^ejrsex, Iwa* told, is aflanticl 
dependent maDors, and exempted from »^»«- I d»d not see the smallest dci 
tribute to the prince; that it held a feree of smartness in the apparel, evttt 
government within itself, consisting of ^[ ^^^ y^^".? females. When a m^ 
a mayor and i^lderman, with all the choosesa wife here it must be more fot 
magnifiecnt insignia and ornamental ^^^ '^^"^l than the shell. I have rea^ 
trappings of a corporation, I wished ^V th\nV»^f>'' «yj« «^ ^^^^If? ".«* 
tovUitthisfavowedpiace,buttny way P^^^" ?* ^*»?' ^^^V ^o' » sweUingm 
did not lie through it. Being detincd, front, from luxury, is rarely seen. One 
however, atMaUwyd by the rain, and ?f ^}}^ curiosities I saw, was a ^t 
Dinas Mowddwy distant only a mile ^^"^S' much at ease, upon thendge 
and a half, I watched the opportunity ?f ^^?"««- ;Perhaps the people witti. 
of a fair gleam, left the company I had ^> ^'^. "^ fare^much better than the 
accidentally met at the inn, tS their goatwithout. Returning, well pleased 
wine and their conversation, and stole f"** ^i ?'"' ] ^marked to my land- 
a visit to this impbrtant place. En- iord atMaUwyd, a civil mteUigenttoan, 
quiring my way at a cottage, there ap- ^^^^ ^ ^**"1/ "<^ ^^."^^^^T^^? ^^^ 
^ared about haUa dozen young people, V^?V^^ of the united mhabitents of 
who, observing a dress different from ^^* celebtated town exceeded 600L 
their own,andhearinganehgUshvoice, T.! J ^,"u^" y^"' toa tnfle," said he, 
treated me with a horse laugh. A '*' Jw I know every one ofthemwcU." 
senior reprimanded them. The situa- After ashort pause he repUcd," It does 
tion of Dinas Mowddwy is romantic, sin- ^^i exceed 240/!" If care be the 
gulanahd beautiful, upon asmaUflat concomitant of wealth, these people 
made by nature and improved by art, oh ^^^ ^ ^fPPV '> ^nd their cmmmscrib- 
the declivity of a mountain prodigiou^- ;f** ^^ ^f existence seems to declare 
. ly elevated, and nearly perpendicular, JV } »w neither a beggar nor a pe^ 
on the left descending to the town; and "*^*"^8*", ^ ^^,_ .' 

on the right cohtinviing the same jtcep ^^^ Rev. J. Evans says, That thU 
down to the river Dovy, which wiAshes "^ ?oce a place of more consequence 
it's foot. The road winds round the ^*«« »*> present-state indicates, cannot 
hiU in the shape of a boiy, and tlie 1>e denied; mdeed the annaU of Wales 
houses take, the same curve. It ap- [vid. WarrrngtonJ notice it, as having 
pears to the observer, a town suspcdd- ^en the seat of a chieftain; and it s 
ed upon the side of a mountain . Can- vicinity the scene of feats of valour and 
osity led me to cbiint the hoyst., ivi4ch ' barbarity. But that it was ever a place 
were4^. One6ftiiese,i)yfMthebest, endowed with aH the privilegei of a 
is worth at aif'^r rent, pertaps 50 shil- t^werful cbiporation, bearing the eh- 
lings per anriuih: Thyi, i concluded, fi^gti* of majesty, ahd exhibiting the 
must be the parionage, for who would pomp and paniq(>hcrnalia of a ptoud 
deny the be$t1o the priest? but ^diag commercial city, is an idea ataibrt too 



\6i DINKAHC:^ ; MSERTH. M 

^(llivafiiiittoEiitLtdmUfioniatbeve* UanyMowl^fOvptJBmkkgmmtfand 
IHOilt «f imagiotttion." . Mr, Evans a|>- down the hiUs ofJBmchp PmolBmAJtk^ 
pLeart very muck rpiqqed at mr. Hat- y boni,fXoDgtXie soutib-eMtn^oC ifae 
tpo!8 wuU^Umf on tbe partox^e, the, lake of Bala. 
a)4ennaQ, and mayors yet he immedU ^o ifaHvjd, i| iiilla0,BottM t skifa*. 
atcly . adds, « Mr. Pennant layi, it ii _ DdgeUer, 5 »ikf,.EftDs. 
gov<}rnedbyamayor»aiderman,record» — BtU> 22 miictf Wanp^ 
erk.and several Burgesses; that the ' — LUnTairySOmUet. . 
fiay or tries criminals ; and the record- — llaOwyd and back tfainj henpe to Dot- 
^, ip the absence of the lord, matters t^^^h 9 mJlet, Pcmunt 
of property not. exceeding 40s. That ^^4^^,#>^M-»-r»^,^v^v*,^%,^^^->^,^*^ 
tbey stiapresfirye tbe insignia of pow-. ^^ ^^^^ , ^ 
«r; the ma<:^^tandard«>easure, stocks, ^ -I 
wl^ipping-post,- and the - vag-vawr or ' DINHAM, MoirthoutTish>re, is apoor 
great fettes< • Buthedoes not say when» village, consisting of> few fahx| houses 
pr iff whom this charter was granted j s(nd cottages. It i^ lyith difficulty that 
nor how long it^s inhabitants have been the low remains of. it'-s Qastle, obscured 
thus enfranchisejd,?' . At Dinas by trees, can be discovered.. The site 
Moi^rddwy nature ^as^umes her rudest is on a gentle eminence near the borders 
dr^ss, and .r<>^kf appear piled upoij oF the forest of Wentwood. In the 
roc^S} while the ^thprn base of Ca- neighbourhood, this tuin is called the 
derldris scenis tpdcnya further pas- ''Old chapel.** 
f^ge. Gaining, .however, one of the ' Llanvair Castle is situated on a 
siubordinate summits, mr. Skrine sur4 imall rise about two miles from Caer- 
;ireyed with raptyre the vale he had be<T went, on the road to Usk. 
fore quitted, and the towering summits . xo Uanvsir Csstte, 2 milo, Bsrber. 
pfCaderldris. FromthisspotDolg^lley Back to Cacrwcni, i wUe, Coxe. 
appeared to great advantage, with it's '^^^^i^r^^,.,^,,^^^^^^^^^^ 
^igh tower, and the gothic arches of it!s ^ ., «. , ^ 
old bridge. Returmng to Dinas Mowd, From Wiuddtaii,^iiiilet,Bingle3r. 
dwy, hei)enetrated into the recesses of "^ Downing, lo mrfes, Pennaot. 
those heights, in w.hich>he Dovey rises, DlS£RTH,inFlinUhire. TheChurch 
and was gratified with a grand display of this village stands in a roniantic bot- 
pf mounuins, rocks, and torrents, with tom, overshaded with several large 
.which nature has decorated this wild yews. There are some good paintings 
and romantic track., . He then re-enter- m thee, window^ and on the s. wln- 
'ed Montgomeryshire at Mallw YD D. dow of the chancel is inscribed, *' Sir 
On the road to DqL oslley, a gran4 l^l^n Conway, 1 636,7 ^^ ^^ ^^^ porch 
j)iass.through the openings of the Cader " 1603. A. Reg. 45." The yard con- 
,chain; which, comprehending the Ar^ tains some singular tomb-stones ; two 
rqnt and the /^rrenigjf, forms nearly a in particuiat have a simicircular. stone 
jright angle with.the Ferwyn. Jt winds upon their tops. Also an .»ncieni cross, 
.^elightfully. beside tlie rufle mountain adorned with wreaths, and another 
• Gioig y Gv^nt, or, the, White 9)Pck, w.ith some traces. of a Human fi[guTe, 
^ which 'forms, a Iqfty wall on the right ; now placed as a'stile. Upon the altar- 
while that on thie.left is pf various tomb is a rude cross. an^ sword. The 
I^lopes, T^ith here andtbere a miserable 'Cattle called sometimes Gern Castle, or 
cottage peeping' in the different dir^- Castelly Crmg stands on the summit of 
;tions.o^ the cwms; tbej/Terrtf .widely a high lime-stone rock, at the distance 
. flowing, over a jocky, bed in. the va^l?. ofhalfamile from the village. U'sre- 
JJ^earlhe top of.Craig y GWyni are some ma^ns^ are trifling, consisting of a few 
^dps^ted lead^naines. On. tl^e left is ]iihat^6i;ed fragments, only. .^ Th^re is 
yfwich Oer t)<fy59VUoted,('qr h^yii^g; been hentea UneprPspe'ctpf part'of the vale 
; one of the t^ee pjaci^s, wherejaft^ the of CAwy'd. .Tlie tim.(ei of .U*i foundation 
death of 'GJ^i)d»fr,, th^. principal in&ab- "is WkrioWn. rt'vsfas fprtlfied by Heii- 
jtants of^ several districts assembled to 'iV^^ scbout 1241, and appears^ from 
" ' '• - ind *ppr* • '-^^'"^ - '■ ' ' 



foi^ xcjmpacis.to enfoi;*:^. vittuq and *ppgdale,'Whave teen tli prop^ty of 
.'o^dpr, havin^,re/?'purie tft.i)egal,.oprey-the Earls of^ Chester';,' Cpr^^rpmarks, 
. »hh. Tfhree, n^\^ of stjfeep. stony road " that >yheft ihat fathily,lj^cam^ e.xjincK 
,ij>trbdiice?,theto^n*ofPolgclle^ ,. . . ;pi*serth sAd pii^anwypastles were in 
,/jTq.;3^^^; the. roaa.j5asseSj'thy;5fiy{h ni^Weia. Si innexed;ti^'t^^ifq^a, , A- 



J«t DOLBiVnfiRH CASTLE. M^ 

about tOyeaniktoward&t^ey i^er^f^ft^ of iparine «heUs. It st^n^t betwee^^ 
<le9tn9fed bjr JUl^welynap pryfrydd.v the two lakes of Llanberis, and 8 mile* 
l^€*JUme)^mfH tl^at hq ^pund the^fpl*, east df Catiim^tvon. As it Was impos- 
loMrifif iplapj^.PP the Cas^'^f^iliy.g^Wr sible for an .en^my to cliinb! the chain 
in© liii«ti/i|Uy, : Verpnica spiicaiaypi^-^ pf mpuiuains, wliichi are a guard fo 
9ll«..-|i|aH|pli))s, ciftUB . heliaq^eiTlv^m,- Caernarvonshire and Anglesea, and as * 
U^alieiium rmiousif g^rapiym. saagui^; theit werd fivd naitow passes, th'^Brits- 
Vk9!^Snt)]09^j^^: sqi^r^^m, ,^d cardv^^a ons secured each with a castle^: this was 
mafMkQffSc^ >f fi L ia a . fie^d, iu little ;tp. the central. What remains is i. VbMhd 
t4ie;3,:i»AfPWV Wiping, xraJied^oa^ turret only, it's, inn^r diameter ten 
^^nwe9c<tli9ti?Vhit©JJatt5,?a)d tQ^ayi^ yards, and tiyepty-five hi^h, which 
^eem^^fo^m^oi w:M9^.r^i^^n4v^ seems tp havebeqn the PFm?ip4.R2i«t 
lmg*:»::f»\\90t lRiigl^> W^;^3«^h^)9<>Pf; ^^ ^^^* fortresSy.fQr it occupiofttho wliole 
»^l^l©pfj|hpjC§^kt, ,p^tli»f,iiiu^tr<i^us; qisiMpaM round derated arock;' -One 
hero Leland relates the followinij'stciry.. of the .i>astions df CaeroarVon-cJ»6e it 
Bei«g)i^niS4 ffiT |ii?r y*lp\»I.vMw]iTas neartyi!h6 size of this *j it toUM hotuc- 
c^f^(Qntse!d»'9J^E^ V)WEftai9i<?nt,,li^,9!i!5enT commodate more than 15 meri.y ' t'he 
t)|ejgii9Pjcpf, >^2de8« ,wl><>!M^v^^ <=?m!^^ britt^h' race of kings ^ctedona Xnfall 
ffIW^J}^l<WX^P^:N^»^y^»f,\ ?<^^»ifSaf- scale compared with the normi^. 'U 
%^t»f;^4$,mfth^ ei5yi^i^,fou^,>»e was, is called Cas^U Dolbadarn, or ^hecas- 
r^^e^j^ tp(VhiaUe^ge Jip^ au return, tie of Padarn*s m'Padow, onaccpunto 
^yPibpaMbetes^wpJ^a^ h«h*d,pruT haying' been erected on the'v6rg^6f a 
4e9fie ftf^pU<^s|yal^uff, f<;Mf4ed«c%!9d piece of ground, called Pad^i'fi'^ hi^iwi-- 
ar^i^pp4!?1H9^)<s^yi^'t^,hj^;dic} npt< dW, supposed to have he&ritht jiti^fi,xlaf 
intend the Welshitian to knock ou^.h]»] Which a holy recluse of that name renr- 
ot.|v^ ev^.. . Moel Hhraddugj^ a british idi- In'this castle QWCn Goqfi Wm co^-^ 
ifoSff , ts it^tiPtted tit>dn a Very sicf6p' sliik Med for upwards of 20 years, fttr h^vihg 
tocXy liitf, Wt\fe s., Wfih "an hhmense JBihed in a rebellion against hi^ broth- 
i^erBB^c^'stdhe^ 'tipbhlhfe atc6s- er' tlewdyn ap Joiyerth, the las^ 
sm^ptfft^'^^ ''AtHpVsice-cmiid'Mm^ prtncettf Wales. It se6ms to hive beeif 
<)»<;4r^ldrfg*defet^trehdfces,OQt*fwWch Wng tn ruins, for ins Lelarrd's timcL 
f. -^ :^g tcieh'^d^g. • 06 tlhe §um- there Was only a piece of a tower left^ 
\Wkm^shi g^^bea'<iP'b6dyrtiJ rPor'an accoum of a contiguous cackr-^ 
5^,y[lt;^^>.r>G(^i^r^ll^cl«?lfeeift- «:t, &c. see' L'lANBtftiS.J' *Ke^'thl^ 
^•v^?tft4iiffsi'ind^ird«t§JtAe'Vale castle groWs'plTfalarisshrundiuacea and 
^(^Vl^r^'^rdiih'th^tb^bTohcPft*!^ bryum alpiiiurti. Nothing caji exceed^ 

lontpry 0^ 
reftecte<^^ 





T^^*hfeigW''W«ife*cii^idii'is ITyaHS^ ^etcTiWg , 

^iitie«iife<l'T)efif^v^n>tiwp >»ches df JfWc? With Snrfwdon Jn the ba(ik groUt)^*^; 
tbc!k>,Tli4fria(l v^Udei it hiiS^6rn a'bas-i While the waters rushing from the'^j)- 
^^i^niHvA .^wo. , jj^.tfii ^f,. jiwihttmcl6Wterlake,'fdrniafinena-^ 
;:'ThS8W«:tf«idlfig't:Puriti*^¥V(ti*rfMr* ttital dsma!* lUt/fi Peris:' thf^'Wiot 
li-^mt/%«?I«iilariti«idtWb»aflld ^oodl si!ch4arefe'Aiftensions,liiifoefess,b^a%i 

''in'^^'^U^tiiJ^S ikvHduV' 8 mil^ tlfUl. ' ft fffmij^hd' thfe febt^fst V^t« 

"^"BSkf^^^ ' '^^ subdbria'a^uarica,nymph^a>te.*^ 

;'(?9V^dl5n'^milei,>e»nknt ^ '•• "' ' ma natans, isoetes lacus^is*.>bai!^ 

'•l5;Afe^gel&y;fitfiles:'''' V '' " ^" ' ' simplex;. ajid s.natans.'/ ^' ^^ ^^'"• 
^!!-l!i^''^^ '''"'' ■ '"' ' " '* '""' "Som^'What Short of 1^ miiei from 

>^«lT'|friT^';->i*5:f?Hhf?rrj^^ Dplbadehi' Castle, close by the horse-. 

-'Trxildmfi^iiU/l^^VmytiMihMtii;^ •> pith l^aditig to Caernarvon, Is a vcrf 

^->*fHfi^d0^ikhit»y9i8mMtm^mim^ old faflh^Mc called T^f D^/tJi*^ ?l^lf 

-^^**^^i5!!Li.'"o'^:i'"' -^^ "-•■••( House* 'fbterlv the rroperty of J>f: 

iormj*|OT*«P,i«WoiL j,;q ;; ,r,.., vi <ro6if^Aa^; ^Wo wM blslmp of Gloucc^ 

'''«JbeBAra*JJ AiASIIL'Si^the'dh^ terinthfer^iof Charltsl. Since thii 

\'^'i&A'iMm:iriMthli'ik^ t?methe*tiaSsc?ias betn the rtjsideiTcft 

imij^^^&m.rfy zni'TTiS^j^made acier, riotbd f6r thct^fatmou' ^treiigthj 



ji !) ■ 



^hcy'^ciskwUfefe year 1795; ifefedST; (^t*i%«ay b^hiia tli^ili:a/^iSM! rr 3 
. To 'ii^f\h 4 ^liiilcs, B/ngleyj ErawV .^ir R/Ho^'^aSi^l^^^ 

liuttoii, ^ offt6']^ateiifithteptin6llfiflt|!;fi;;*l4ibi^ 

' -.ckernarvbn,ftmilfcs,Wirt^r." ' ' sd' ^80^ pd^iii^ atid'*fl«l«fli»r^<»i 

' ' Oyer SnoWdon to Bedgell&rt. t^ee SnoVdbnlY ctnr^M^i t^ i^' itl^tdfe ; «ltid^i(«0lJ€ tHU 

^^^^ r>'^:^'<^} ah ai^ctas « Dalg«Uyif'JTlW>fJa€ffd 

[ From Mailwyd, 9 milej, Pennant ! BfJtii^y Mbwddo/ahfl tlilfeBft«^»tonB«d« 

-illj^annouth, 10 miles, fongley ' OveftHe matrmmiA, ^fed back^fKl^atiy 

' ^ToWytt,18nilleg,Aikfn. * '^ th6 vafeift N¥li1ctt<?r*l!^»T>«EPfttlk«8 

'•l^ci''fit)tfaCaderldrl8,Aikto: • ' C if^'rii^^'jlfbi^ lb<i^hi*'*t«i*i^Q«W^^ 

Ff6iiiOii^!Mb^dwy,9ihifcSi EVans. ' ^ Atthe ui)to^feAd^mc*i*e'<rfflbllPl4f 

-i-^ CadericM wanwr.. :. thttitoniani?t:it%^iiof^Ciitt»l9«j;%ttaa«ed 

a m>KOtrt.thft^^tt094i»26mm. ' Hi ,^d^ae- '''^'^-'^ '-' ' '-••••*•' f>nn'tjJ ui >.l 



'•-LJ.faHyirw!cK, i8iiiaek,Skrine. <J'f the'ttveV^MawMachJi^^afldti 



^e;,., ,__, ^^_^ 

^d surrounded on alij^^^t, jby 



aa< 



>Tale,l^ftw^^. tJ^^ nyers fyxj^ and, \^f?f;j ^ . , ,•, -; v^.^\f -^v^ ii>. .. 

ldsurroundecipnaU^^^t,j)y ^^ ?;Sj;9}JligI9N T0 THg.^tf^^^H^l^^ 

f'?S^?^P/af^«»WOode(^i^q>^i>p ^^ \.^x The;,re.y. w..»XNc^L|pf.; /^^ 




.P?*^*..'??^*;^^.,!^^^^.; TheMar^/e^n O^QWQpJg^Uy* . Heft; ^he road, j^i?^ 

feWft^ ?.^,|9?*^.^auareJ>u|ldu3g, a^d.tl^^ ^9n&v^iq<«, m^^-^^'.f¥'y^9^i * 

J^fY^te^M^s scarcely dmingjuisha^le. Ix^fte,dr«i4j yards ,Wo?^ J-jflscfe 

^^^^Wm^ipxy of i^elch flannels e|ij. bridge a t,Lteq«lJjt»dg ^«^w|ej^ ' 

ijpy*j?;r«^ number of hands. Th^ a,^uart«?F»^f;DH»aP)«:rossthe,«» 

>P??W«,.%^^^^^^^ WMO |jc%m©.iiiaMftajn?nPfii9f;a«Sft 

WW a ^apdspm^ tower ai^dl^rg^ anppr^js^WhicM^d^p^iemftWft 

5*^^;i :M»« /eats are/ofpcis,. and tb^ z^^ jiq\ mm^^mi^^^m^ 

W'^.^^P^>^ediyith,liiTie-st9ne flags, a by;4J»^;.W^iU^, ¥;yap»orK/l«^ bg^^J 

f^.^^.^.e;:>?"common in,; Wale§, mi.^yvmefHbkm^,. ??rtp4tfeft<*wfn 
If incjpal urn is th^ Gol^e^Uon, qr gf , «! j^ |W)i*afl|^m q^iy ^ 1^ i|ft4 4^ 
Ifa (flower house), Th^QoJd^ r§fowry and 'S*^^!sJ«?4bw& fW^fofji 
JI^^^^P, "f WPtioned by spme-irayeller* ^pjEpt^i^ fwyoi^pg f^r^^^sfH : ^{1%, «^ 
r'#'^?M-'^-^^^ f^^^'fc""^ ^^y be end )a the «osii..pQ?|?qfe,w4-,«j«j^li 
M'^^^Wgi?!'^ I^»chard Hoa?e^sfty§ tha^ it's tl)icfc,^«ypripg of,m lM^$wr^,^ 
^f&W* ^f^^^.LlapdUo in,,S. W^les, hajs small- lancet windows. AgamstjOi^ 
y^W^S"^^^^^^^^ ^^^ %est,sjtu^ fi^vM)^ i^i^W^m9^dm^.9^^s 
2?^' i^ Bj?.-t9wn.is sjea to th^ grea^, a»4,^€b§i,'^ftd ?ve ^R^if^f} »«hfi(TWaH 
^y3^^m%^ ^^^^ t*^e ,:fyta(^ynUetJi in which was probably kept the^ holy- 
'-9^^*t we distance of aboi^^^twftiii^Uj^, wartfer? m'thbrp^rt«ft!!ifebto«riijith*e 
??.^ fift^ ^TO^elch to^yns .is onjy has also been a jemiciicular.'ialdpr op- 
pleasing at adistanc^,. jf^p prpspec^g posite to two sih&ll arc>^i^"art^^^ 
|ifojn aswt c-illed theJo\v|[ngy.green, them a mutilated "stone, 'repireseiihhg 
are qpgiij^rly fine. ,Th« t^e^e^ij^ fhehfeaabf^1iuYifinaNiJ;are^^Tttfe^ace 
sumiiwt ^pf C A UEE^ iD^j^ d}ei>P9Ftt^Fa of groundiwhieh fkwfi^s^^ifm^ami'is 
|£c<3i,K (o which ai^pears ^fe p^rpcn^ FeiipiDtoiii4de«a)i*/aQdAp^lhe^HPeat 
ai<?i]lar lends ii's yyondfrft^^^pW. ,9/ plainness of the building, it wajfttWce- 
yoiiqtaip sublimity} la t^^i^ of subqfr ly form a picture' 'fi«tti»'«iiy^nit- of 



^.pant , eminences ^^^(^ng ^^t's, bas^. tl,ap,^^(^VM§^ 

Thu motirtmit is . g^nqwUy ascended in ^Oq^g^^v .A WWf9JiP/>f * >aiti 

lapce oi ij mijts from it's summit, u has there isT Ka^ner. Uwastound- 



i& 11^1>f 9Ieredilh and Gtittth'^levdi tipimttd it vevy iarget The 'rocki and 
^ MmMtfii'fthd^flt Qf €ytt«l^ ap^ O^. tteti fbrnnan tttit>bltheatr6 at6oiMi» aiii 
^e^.iPilifSiMi ^iifiet$"Ctf''Ki' ¥M^. «he fbivgroudd i^^as ilti«ly kvoKeH bjr 
TI|eiAMt«^#«itt'd^tti«ldi«t^M)lkfi'm^«> large ^tecen^frotk. The tipper i>ttit 
aer;«Birae'tfJVefWai>deAi«titea>t<> st of th&fUHiK^tft'lHM^ti «y'int(6rv6iilB^ 

IttmA' tfti6iini%« a^liUh^myd^and tiameiiito^iew, tadthe «C^« thettbil^ 
#etfi'ilUb^g[4he'taltS'l6^l&k-^^<<i^^*^f^ b^ed^^mpleteaiid picttii^s^tie/ ''^ 
Maa^i^. th«Ar^tiiifa«6t-faU hffy0«i<^5f&e' (Ciie s^ut ef theCajriie)^ 

les^^iti'ivitt Aft0ld^i&i thiA^^'U ih kby f2far1$ie'hiKh€l8t'an€i^M'kha^nU 
tte#d<Ml'6FW,ALMaHiitfik^i:e8()'. KtteM caiA^act of the ^hree. Anartoltf 
stD&ViilJn^iAfH. <^He>lMikie''ttr tite t^SreaitlTtisHei'dowti H vast rock, at Ifeaii 
j^tfW'^d&R, *<Msa40iAIM«U,'l(ibdiit 950 feet* mm 'the l«yr«idiitia strata of 
#it^H^gli;'iMWe vif^MK^fofinMl Wk^ i^hlch^'itt il^|$itla^it«p#«6fttyttghifi 
tihkaiiiiiiili' Mfte ^aitobl^t il^<f>USck #4x6l^ bteskdth, iMti^'litimaSityhti, 
foats^feHJto '^klkit ttU^^^'iFhlHtt O^bese' Idteed are 10 regtd^^ ai^ in a 
rocks gire to the scene a tinguW ^^ j^at hieatf«#e to sj^diliff^'^iiiitttfeei^ttd 
^^SmM} ''tfi^ ffiH^'iMlif'ti Itikny bejhity, ittif6i9> hittddh'byi vdfturie of 
pU tt« ^f^id #itiila^^k«e^WhUe'LilflH watter milidb' ^riiXteT thain uitfill '-' Imi» 
^i TB<^^itt^iin^6ttesi«(^dPtke«ti^lii tiie«tte'lFr|^|^irieiits of broken roeky^CaU 
m%k^H^tfib&t dd^i^^'Vuc^the livei tet^d'^ito^vr in eveVy' d^dEbre«^ ^re6. 
ly ^d'Va^i^d^eeti of AAseori^iR^dthi tioh/^ the kM: 6f the^^aU; 'ebtm^uiiil 
fir, iMkJtf'in^eirsliii (f6«ie^ait't€PCIWe all tsti^ti^pHaimz 'ei)!eci.' ' ' AiVd'tHieiigT^bl 
nicisf j^t iBl^k tockJ'w4th 'Whii^b^tf^ afbl^ tttlxtore df- tints of ^flie'ijatk^ otk 
^m^tM^hd,' Tlitetdb*etatrol4sini and bfr«f, with thO^yeUd^eW^ahaTaai. 
Rrisfrim'dtej^bksoh^^^haditisdaih^ ingetm/ formed asdfenC highly pleai^ 
ed along a rugged chanftfW; ahd feilU in* ing. < The guide who* acCdnipanied iw^ 
ftytfie\n&W9da%T}, at M'et^eat distance. lRr'ai'^^Bnglishnian,''#h6 bad resided 
kj^.'i^jkddbifks-^WenMthe'^penlte enly ^' few years in Wal^. He seem^ 
^itiHAn^'liH-ery'good feotupa^^ both edi^^noritri^tyf ihelart^ua^e;'wiif?cHi»rei- 
t(J*!rtfb6ttefean<f lipjkrfi^ viiAft^d tei itiM p^'ittg fli^'kk'iwich 

glVih^ to %e tn^aierf^e^^-'p^teiMe inforniaKidri as'ir wishfed'. ^'flfis'iiame 
ikiejlMo^li^r^ U^^dviMitage:'' ' ' was Saitinef'B^rtl^tjf hd kept ^ttmSi 
AbOttOi fliilfe'WfthiSr'! ^urii»*'to' the pnblic* h^iii^ne^r DoT-y^llWlyWlyn.'* 
i^t ty^ee^ttie'^rheraii^/M^tti^ are Mr. Waftier liitt wHb a Will'iftfoHned 
Iffi^ififtftHti^a'teirftutidfed'y^tii^'of guide td 'the' cataracts, taiHf^'^hi^if 
e^K'6t&^; 'Thepath-IkysMgiig'some Rtybert8;lix^ej>erof the toU-^ie 4«r Uah* 

wdtJds^tttod fc^dd^. Rteiti'^he side tehty'd, ' '• ' ' • ' ^ '"; 

ora hte/abtJ&t half a ttiUB'fiNiW the falli ftte >rtWsic!r to Bi^irittbtfVH^ WS(4 
r*WMf¥<*d(thfe'rtvctf-lA«^ddaeri rolfing fomiei'lf pVir H' >rddigiott% .nt«iukfcdtti 
do#n^*'^t4i^,.ih'«Wb(^^'^aie^afeove, $umiOUhtted"With ^eat "fflffecWft/- aiift 
ittia il>i<%bttH2i riftn-niiilrih^jfMt i^khed passe(l ¥iih aimreheniions' 'df '-dettiHic^. 
my^e*/ Bei6hdit,tttr»8dtrie'ai«fertee^ tion. 'Thfi^istrates of 'tfe ^lirity; 
^^iraib itf A';'«^hidiew*4W?d^^gleW, howe^5i>; Wnt bdimproV^lhfentiS^ed 
^Udf^'^f^^f i!i»fibiH^aVeaplea. #Uh.ii(n' tiiid^rtaker tb forn^i iVjIatf iStot 
fih«f'te« '¥«&rK: ^ite^^d ^t*^ ifeenei .^filhe'steeptocta jtfttiftg'frcWitHe-'Wtf, 
th*'illK«'»f^fUlyajpihfe%iW|J» »^Sr thfe i<hd WS^krhitl Vith^ a ^Htff.^^'Tlfe, Xa^. 



Hier<eibfi^;r(^ihied b)^>«bet«kle'tirf]hk bbu^'Wa^ d^ijfnt^Mnj^V the^piH^i? fP^^A 
ot'iSi\kW^\cKmnf fK§W<funy'ove# nea's n'^Mr. 1% is Ab# 'J mdiPtlbHrii 
ffii'^fadfcW^; •iH#'t^«l"^mdn]^ ihg id4d^''d:liibritin^ a mk'HMmt 
tfeef^f%efc^bi"^ ^« HWirf^'jjai*. lidWn€?8» 'AT scenery. '''''A i^one 
aa^lSS^f S6o'i'^ikm^iimtm&f6ot btidg^ of k'^a-al ifches -cloHdiicbr th« 
of .Moiadr v AfawddacA fthe cata^kct tifavdlfetWer'the Wnibh Wl|Wh h^ 
dF^ri*^pMi^da&cl^;'H!^8r'ifi^m fIbWs,-' tn%y Wuiidred feet ^21)^. '(k 
fanj)d»^ft6a^iteck>b«N<^'eit>'!?0'««d'«(l tWe Hgfit, 'k'& Mafe* ffestsiht frbrti't^ 
f(^ii?fifi%aie<'A'^ s««^ti-#«toeh-1yik^ tto#if/'on tft^bahk' of riv^, ' are^the to- 
iM'i^iHn^f liaei^ i^r^^d^f^ itii it^l df H^t^yr Mhi^J Part of tb^ 
H&i^<m>^)fti^lRiri2ol^i'giV<$&i^s(^ef^ chb^dh'is^'siill 'Standing.' Thtr abbots 



9'^^6iiiik^'4ti&'-tf6Qy^M ^edi*ahce. Iddj^e^disi fragment of the abbey aervt 
The stream Is thrice broken itf Wk dea- for a £arm-house. This i^ras a- rtidnai^ 



167 WimUi-yi 1€8 

t«n!9fth«iQiHenisnoril(r»ftitti»4^4by . i.Xte«iiivk««n4rTPr:T4Hrtli9mdi!<.»* 
Mere4ydd and Gryffydd, tUBi.§«n$ of Ji«)«*Si:i»;*f«»li^*«ib}ii|i^r»^^n,- 
CqpiMEI ap Gwen Qwypft4d,.awQ. W9^ ous... y^figy%Q£>moMn taip> snsf{ yj wtl»e» 

iP§rjfe, theifin^pnt ?^afc,<?f,*lve. fanjUy-of XKiiwJpf^fM^ te>4mg;oyjBf<j|N5, narrow 

l;i^^,«aine, nQwr of the V^ughciQi . . . Tb« path:qf^l)»^ (tr^yitdWiy .Jiqw.:,g tai1dgnin g 

ipaii^ br a steep ,aic«At„ftPd.t|^>9»w^ )H§ hmsaff^qm^prpgrw wii^ a more^^i^. 

mPii^. on.y^jcy high grp.vi>|^ , -Sir M>r um.Tiewr of^thf i^Wgnific^f ^lcjts^9n. 

ert V^)>sMO;to eri?cte«i.ft.fj^5fi>r..aiwi Winding am>4 $h«ir. FCg^MfjCPf y uyofl^ 

)^4«o'^^>'^'^^^'}' ,^|i.U*6.MPRWvP^it ift.pfl|Wfc;t}>ejfffleiif^fawddac&,,^l>ftJ^lack 

flfjtl>ftPV*f*n5. the rqjnajna^ ft>rltist gn4,iniHf tiiCHi8,WTi;^t ft£,)»r)^jcl^,^fU*h. 

UPSt.^aU^d ^Wpr/i^rqp;|,<j«{itfee,HiU pf .ef^in^jawfffff pcrp^tij^ fe^^^ftass^ 

^jar§«?ipjH jjTh^ .twsU^n^wU.iu^f^ of, ptppe^AwM.by .tfiff!pe?ij|i.6cpw ^ 

fr?r.K%gwi?Wia«e«hihitfl*ifliigjK?,hpfftr«r fiHr/A^i^a^9f5?*^of .R*«¥'<^^^ 
?Pfi<^CiWV8rffPfilfiWi«t^f?i,Uftft/-.t*^f fl«H^ fi^'^r4fi4ii(iiH.Qm^, lm^,ife^,ftlinost 
»n4rttesAfavyd#qh;,Wt!fi^4?>i«fJ2j«h* Unj^ppsiblftiiJff #i^,, iilj^Aj,-;(ji(Ji*i9ji^ 

iA«)a%«»n#.P<* !^«WfeWiifi>Wlef fiipifiW^jthis>g}gaflM<>iff»P.UH$ai|itm the 

WW»^tW»5tty») U f J^^ jbflV»ap oA^8MP»elr Pnfiih^witfi(t,t^e craggy, top? .pt wferi- 

lftf,.3^4pxn,.^^ff;tiHn^^.jpjtfeef^ff qf.el^^Hoa,«;^^the oth^.s^fet^^-pnly 

3ip,f^ft§sp»?jfiivuy, fthe.«yftM^&.;be fpamw* iOs^W; % f 0P?^fiWfrTWb«« 

fm<mi9^f9i> f >v^4e iiw^uiH^i^jIfffr^^. thejrwid ;i»JtqTjw;Kde Jies.-qvgr .,Uj^,WJr 

J5^?»eihe pi;e<;6fi4iPg.de^Cfipti9ft^ m^ dulaiipfiinB^^^pggyr mcmi«ftMiif5,,wit^Q9; 

3»ngiey^,- Tfh^. 5haftnificeut;oJ^t ot a ti:ace of .p44Uvatipa ox >|ihfi^fj^u-* 

^ i-^^y.Pw^^'.ftPPears.to t^ greatr Bevi.Jl.:W#r"MWf i ... l. .; : ■ -nofi. i/ 

S^l^,Yah^pft:6f9m,belQw,by.cr/wsii\g . ,Tq Cj^pMjIw?^** ,?nr-;BingJry.;^ 

^jtj;uly .^pii>e; ,>ri4ge , form^cj; 9f . t^s Uie F0ik4 iq.>|?vby«H^h j ^wbij^/ii?, jl 

Jr,W»Vi.,ft'i.?n..«?iJ5|jiife oak„^i^rifi]qni mii«s,,#»/|v^>wd:jreplete wjfXh^^^fiTpl 

m9*f^9J05fe dvei::^ iiacraw daifH fihiwm. beauty^, ^^%i^; yri^,^v^ti:f^Mfd^hy 

T/h^ff<^1*'7.vfPn);thiSiP^nf,^a^r)Pit be i^ .^g.^d^i^t^e^ iTpfle^u.^^'ft, ailffery 

fi9^WSfte4. ,; ^Stiriog;.ff«pn^,,tJ^stf de- whitene*&j:?^i4,.tUeihi^ aij^4„flreary 

i*J5hW/f«W«0«Sjr *he tf;ave4erj^r^gain^ mpu»^aija4,„,Xipe,i»t^rHei|fqg fpsif^/u 

^tff^^f^W^MV^ tJ^fPPiJFfif. Where W^wiai,«Wry,iu5l^if»CK'PWOfl^ 

5H6-irfei4p})r?! to a,.cor?8iji^r^))lfth§ighu n»e^?^.%jS»B4i.9>mT^el#4,H^^?|:f^S^?i 

5RH^i:e,^}uaf;her^of 20atOi9|8b^ra^. by. ^le<^ri|^(er.^KITipn„ which s^p^d^lfs 

From Llan^Eltyd to Barhiouth (\$. iO along tl^CiH^ .Jhe}roa4 fPftOzfWPfr 

»il^Mfj PW»t .ex^lc^,,rpa4rwl^,4itig ivacdfcij BW»«ngifipy^rf i tolML^tt !?^ 

TWBfii/^ *AU.opP'?piJfi-,J^9oJ^1>Jfi.el4yt H>qpraht«fiWWi*??W/andJr!F«)/^ftCv^^ 

g», a,fi^lf,,^ PCk, ,thrpugJi,jhaa|;ing lofty.,^a4g^Idr«,p;> thcri^%^t,*«f«wff, 

Vf994?4)a9f;off.f».te4«9n^. ?ft?9;^ bridge mi£QhH:»ipd,ifVii5^ou^ ^Pffl^ff^ng.^^ 

?»S?;?¥!M^^d4a«N^bte^f 4ilp'ns thp «ol»uWfflrc»iftf«af»u6ewi?ftt,tr Av^e,^ 

V^'H^B^jwJih^^^f^^^ipfm^^^^^ tf X&f* ^r?g»»»€«W». toe P<^j% -A^ ia>iee 

JPfiei^r^qfiftflf. ft; l^r|5^^>aJfp„s^)^ei^e4 fragP5»^atoiof,rPf;^l» Ay W^iWP Rwfn^q^ 
.W 5w°t.^n«r :.The,yi5idi#wpwit <;^ it. 3She pwfc*#»i4.tp,fefi^YS^\pf 
i?iadQira9Wc[awn?f?>rthe,^pp.e4)5^c^j.qf 5Qrfojlw»f j^^i i'^.mt^}4fi'<BS9\ ^ 

m^lffm 9ii^ ^^^^mikp?^^^ ^ p« »ib>iig)«4*iat»t(hqiteVK*'sRiJw^ 

-''-,fpw^fhelfofthepei:j^%u;^i:.,rp^Jf «?/,. rt^;il*te of thfs,jple?fian|-r 



jBw»PH#|: <^^ »M^^<!l^yi9;lT;Pf ftW%iWj»**fe^Wftjl?^Aolft?%?f.^e 



/W,f>gafv.i ; ../r!r?!?^erfttiye.ft9^ m.RWJP™.JWgej6-,fi:o B^lv^nWh^i^ti 

^.?»Hl>e*to8uf)prj<y to ;\i?x,m^i8 ^igh- «rptin4*^fcli^^^jBaij>e4,^ M«W-ftS*H? 
^q\ljfh/?Q4nbut.tp ^^\V\i^My^\imf iak«piJa^ja^,^o»^^l4,i^(i(ffPft^ 
ih^,^iCayeHcf,(must >«ai|;44)b^^>^4? »hPre.to^^.tq5*w,^rt^a|ed^t^|f,pjqero 



l9iBilei«W7ndhMn. 
: ^rvmtjwi 2tifaUtii Wwner^ SdMlk. 



■ f 



i^ DOLWYDDELAK CASTLE. 170 ' 

; 'to-ri^iynrtkh, 15 Wi«, taking ti^^tr Xdm,' ^r, tK^ c/elebr^ited cataract of tthaiadry 

f • -aSI^^""* ^^^^ ^^' ^ tw way, fVenhil (the cataract of the swaHow), is 

' >«i»??m1. libu '«^ Ka J. ' w-8..^ *iL* ' . di^fcoVer^bJfe. This fall,and thescenery 

. -To* Cider. tan% and back, a^in;: Aettce to ---^,„j.i«. «;i.«4i^,.i,««j lur- t>— ; 

. lJanmted,»mikt,Aikih. T around rt, are very grand. Mr.Pen-- 

. r-.C«d,»ra*?ftN«fcH"'^*oWj;Hy.tI,ence nant Crossed Pont y pair and pwscd un- 

, ..t9Bar}n«S, Xvaflg. ' deraveryloftyrockcloathed with wood, 

■V?,/?^pr.W^»».^d back,lJepcetoLUDeliyd,. Called Carregy gwalch (the rock of the 

„,fJniire«,Peniiant. , . ' . falcon). Here was the retreat of a fa^' 

' ; -^ Maenl^ro'g, ^ liiiiea, Wani'en ' ' * mous partizan of the house of Lancaster, 

^BarriAbiitb,<;tniles, ITuttortji^icnnc. calledZ>fl/yrfrfa/»SA<mibn,wholtfrked in- 

; - BalS; IjTtiifFes*, Skrinel ' a cav6, iftill named Ogo DafyddafShen^' 

^V'J^!^^^^'^. ^^"^ ^ '^^"^""y"* kin. The anient AoLeo/f^erfi/^tands 

near the foot of this rock. . 
A Httle below the bridge, Pont y pair, 

the Llugwy unites with the' Conwy. 
. The latter rivdr rises from Llyn -Conwy, 

. P«iitCkp»lCortg,6«ite«iBin^r. . a large pool about 3 miles beyoiid the 
. "^ ^gdggy, H irnto, Atkin. ... Tillage Penmachtio, and tho' the beds of 

, •Hr,,:T«y.lN4ch,2inules,P«n«t each befdrc their jUnctionwerei^ggeti,. 

ppL\yirDi)ELAN CASttEU seat- they hejPe glide' in a t^nquil curreht: 
ediii a rocky valley, watered 'fey the At Bettws iy an ancient monutnent in 
liiugjwy, 6 miles s$e. of Llanrwst. Itis, the cHutfeh, ififmemorv of Gryilyiid, the 
from itSsituadon among mouiitams,difJ s<in 6f DaVyd Ooch; tjatural son of Da- 
Eculttolfirid; so that a guide should be vyd; brother. - to Llewelyn, -Hie liit 
tiiVen^ oir numerdus enquirifes,.made. prince ofWales.' The road thtougK 
The castle stands on a rocky steep, thelxiiiiViiaiitcrt/eo/Z/dnrwjipresentsthe 
nearly perpendicular on one" side, and gayest tinti 6f cultivation, interspersed 
inia vale entirely closed in. by moun- with ^ctttlemen's seats. Theglooiny 
tkins/ ItbasoccupiedtheCntiresuinm.it ttw>rf* of ^teyrfir,' which next occur, af- 
bn whiich it was built, yet was never ford a fine contrast to the luxuriance of 
lirge. ' itconisistedof 2squiare.towers, the vale. The Conwy runs at a little 
idach 3'stories high, having one room on distance from the road, and is- occasion- 
astory, and a court-yard which was be- ally seen through the dark foliage of 
tweenthem. The largest of these tow- the 'trees. Emerging h^nce, the vale 
ers is,' in the inside, only(27 feet in length, opens, in wHich the townofLLANHwsr 
i 8 in width, and the walls 6 feet in thick- appears conspicuously among the finest 
ness. The walls of the court are de- scenes Which nature's pencil ever trac- 
stroyed, and of other buildings, only one ^^' A quarter of a mile from 
imall part is left. After a quick descent Llanrwst, is <Jipyc&V. [see Llanrwst.] 
from' the castle of one mile, appears the Between this place arid Llanrwst, is 
village of Dblwyddelan, in a very re- the bridge over the Conwy, construct- 
tired spot. It is composed of small <?d in 1656, by Inigo Jones, at the ex- 
cottages, where no language but that of penseofsir Richard Wynne. It con- 
the country is known. The inhabitants f i«ts of three arches, that in the middle 
are extremely simple, and in their man- is 59 feet wide. One of the other two 
ners rath'er reserved and timid. has been rebuilt since Jones's time, arid 
Jartdertk DrxvndwJi made this place his the inferiority of the workmanship is 
rcsiderice j and here his son Llewelyn visible. On the centre of the parapet 
the gr^at, U said to have been born . are the arms of theWynne family. The 
'■Regaining the road to Llanrwst, inhabitants of Llanrwst say that this 
near.\R>tt/-y-/*atr, ther6 li a singular bridge is formed on such exict princi- 
bridge of ii v6 arches, not far from Beltws ples, that if a person give a sudden push 
yC33erf(thestatl6ninthewo0d). Thelof- against the key-stone over the middle 
ty arthei 6f this bridge cross the river arch, the whole fiabric may be plainly 
Llugwy, the bed* of which is covered perceived to vibrate. The views,. 
>Yith unconiinon ina^ses of rock. both up and down the river, are remark- 
PassiD^ hence Bn tl>e r oad to Capel- ably fine; and the whole country, from 
p^rig,'jabo'ut a.mile, th^ traveller may the source to the mOuth of the Conwy, 
deviate k^Ut 506yardi to a deep nar- is an animating picture, 
row glen; doWn y^hich^^ the river Llug- to Llanrwst, 11 miles, Pcnnantj. Bingley ; 
wy foams, and proceeding a little high- - Aikin. 



171 DpWVlNG. . , 172 

^^. Peiukftnt eo^enced his Tour in Walcf , nipu( Mo«e$ Oriffitfar ao OQ^^g^ ar- 
at thisy'nis natiVe place and iresldeqce. . tUt of N4 Walei), yv^ 9CQ0mp9mei 
POWNING, in the parish of White-, mr. Pennant in most of bit tounlteopgh 
. fprdv near Holywell, is lieautifuily situ- £nglaii4 Scotland, iuld Wtfbft.^- TIm«s. 
^ted among woods, but principally, tate also aboundi with €Ori-^«orie^ as 
known to ^he world as the seat of the. dotheciitironf with leadiii$taef,|Kirtxc- 
lateThqipas Pennant, escj., to whose in- ularlyone hill,, on Which is a ciiVern, 
deia^igable researches the natural bisto- wipposed' to b^ made by' the^Komans 
<y and topography ot Great Britain is^ when they worked these and. tfeeneigh- 
^pder many obligations. Downing is, bouring nupes.— Univ. Mag,.Oct. 1801. 
I9ie principal house in the township. Two miles nw. of Powning is the 
and was built about the year 1 627, Th^ ^aciem'feinilyr ^eat of Ti^^i-ma^i^ cialled 
present name is evidently a corruption ^ft^^r ^ family of the tame aaauft. .The 
of Eden-Owain, the name of the town- gloomy hall i» famkhed >#iai the^hiigh 
•tip in which it stand^. The house Dais, or elevated upper end,^and it's 
was founded by J9)inFennan|, of Bych" long t^le for the lord and lua^oVial 
tpn^ iy|)o ip^MTying a rich heiress of this companiifMM, and another, ia, li>Q side, 
piUwe^erept^d an elegit inansion, withr the seat of the. inferior pMtakeis «(the 
stone WhS^^ ^^^ ^ ding^ called, good ekeer. The wall* ate fotnished, 
i^ant-y-lM, opposite the. moderi^edificc{. iQ a suitj|b|L9 nmner, witk anc i ent ini- 
The present ^(ructure is erected in , the Htia guns, swords, and pikes; wiiH hel- 
iemn of % Roman H i a mode of arcl^- me^ and breastplates ; with ICaqj^ril ^ 
lecture common in Wales,at thfif p^ipd, Chi^viriepts ; and with various spoils of 
with this ancient, and, pious motto 01^ the chase. The adjacent kitch^U over- 
^ front: '<HebDduwhebdd|ii),aduw Ipoke^ by a g^allery leading tg \h^ an- 
sdigon/' signifying, without Qod there cient apartments of the lady 6f the 
is nothing { with .God enpu^h. The house. - There are some r^nWkabie 
froundsare very extensive, with walks portrkjt; of the Mostyns, sdnot^ busts 
9long fine swelling lands, beneath the collected, in ^Italy, and a library contain- 
•hady . depth of glens, or through, con- ing a most elegant collectiop ol tb^e clas- 
tracted meads,, which meander to the sics, and various mss. upon ve|luin. Mr, 
shore; with delightful views towards Pennant says, that scarcely 'any private 
the hills, and the ancient Pharos on Gar- library can boast of so valuable an assem- 
mflg. Over, the channel of the Dee are blage. The family are besides possessed 
the Jf^bnee Islet^ on one of which are of other antiquities. In the 

some reinains of a cell of Benedictines 1 higher part of this township stands the 
but the sea-view is still more animated curious cross called MaenAchxD^nfan^ox 
by numerous fleets entering and quit- the stone of lamentation. It is W feet 
ting the port of Liverpool. Below the high; and curiously sculptured. Near 
liouse are the ruins of the a&6eyo/Af a. it is an ancient chs^l, now a f^rm- 
Jandina, which add considerable beauty house, called Gelli, From a hill in this 
tothe view. The house, much improved parish, called Garr^g, the lofty tract of 
by mr. Pennant, at different times, con- Snowdon is discernable, . from the 
tists of a hall and library, with a large crooked Moel Shabog at one end, to the 
parlour adjoining, and a smoking-room, towering Penmaenmawt at the other; 
niost antiquely furnished with ancient the vast promontory of Llandidno^ 
carvings, and the horns of all the eu- part of the isle of Anglesea, with the 
topean bea$t8 of chase. Above is an great bay of Llandulas, forming.;^ vast 
elegant drawing-room and a tea-room, crescent, the estuaries of tl^ Pee and 
The library, which, if minutely describ- Mersey, and t9'the n. the isle of Man, 
ed, would fill a tolerably sizpd volume, and the Cumberland alps. ,. In the 
contains a choice collection of books, township of Tr^.mostyn,ne^rthe^re, 
chiefly history, az^d many scarce edi- is a cliff of a very singular appearance, 
tionsof the classics, with a great col lee- looking like the semi-vitrified Is^va of 
tion of Mss. solely the produce of a volcano. A vein, in whic4w^$ lodg- 
mr. Pennant's labour and industry. In ed some pyritic niat^r^ too^ 'fifjb and 
the. ball are some very good pictures by caused the phsnoni^eoon. Xi, chiefly 
Peter Paillou, an inimiuble painter of raged towards the ^qt,.and din^nisbr 
animals, and birds.; the ^^arlour is also ed gradually in the intern^. part^Vf th? 
filled \yith portraits and paintings, most- bed. These, appearances are s««id not 
iy redaced from originals by the inge- to be uncommon u^ tjferbyshire^ .. 



ina DuiTiLi^vxNrfiOusE. 174, 

On the 8hc»e4s the ancient smeiti2fs- e^ nt the kittle hamlet of <Sb«iMirv neat 
h^V3»^oiIJfin^f^pmar,'' The €st\»ary of Xrel^re, ope of th^ seau offwr. Pyert 
thejJq^W 4^ short distance on tlie left, Mostyn,bart. Pass over Groson^ 

The hHhafe4oi Wir^l is seen on the oth- woor. On approaching Prtstafyn, 

et^iie. ,,Thi? yiew of the sea termi- about 2. miles frorii Trekicre, the flat 
9^tes at one end wjith Chester' and the hecom^ extremelji^ fertile itf corn. A 
rpck* Beestopf on the other with the little below the mill, in a meadow, i» 
Xittfc, islands of HilW^e or Ilbje. Upon the site of the Castle; nothing more 
one ba^/baen a cell pf Benedictines; than the foundations of which remain. 
On cVosismg'aUtSie rill beneath the banks. The load hence to Dis&rth is^extreme^ 
th^r parish of Holywell is enteied,' On ly pleasant. 

tiie neht, mr* Pennant ascended to the Mr. Pennant coaunenoed his journey to Sn6^ 
site of the abbey and castle of Basing- donirom Downing to.Di9erth. 
r*^. r^J "n^^ **^^ ^ Mr. Pennant's thitd Mcursmn. ^ 



-wexK 



Mr. Pennant's third excursion wa« from hin 



Mr*' Pennant, in setting out on his ^TT" ^'f^. f Llangynog, in Ifon^gom^cy^ 

t«>T#*« .f'v***f;j**^> ♦** . . '^ ?» - . , shire at which place he began his accoiut 

lournev to Snowdon, notices th^t he ** ^s *^»f«^««v 

passed WKiiefmd and ascended the hiU «^-r^-rwrv.^w-^^-r,^,^.^rv.^s^^ 

X)f QarregfQX the |tpck, a high arid con- From EwenpyFrwrr, Similes Baibcr.' 

iDiciious part of the country, the Ro- rr— 9ridi?vd, ^ Qitea» Maikia: ^ . 

^SanJTtipok advantage of it; apd placed 7- ^i^'^^T''!'^'^'^!^ 

uponit^ wunmif ^ narg^. to fonduct — ^St- ,^^^*^ 5- miles, Wyndham.; 

tos Th^ilding is still remaining, shire,anold^atoftheWyndh«m.fami- 
'Sfftoierably entire ; It's fp^npi circular; ly, U an irregular dismal huilding, yet 
'iheJ^eht considerable; the inner dia- admirable, from |t's sitnation, which i» 
met^ l«4,feet j the thicltness of the _a lofty sea promontory, of 100 feet ib 
walls 4 feet 4 inches. Over each door height, commanding extensive , pros- 
it aMp^efunnel, (ike^a chimney, which pects. Caradoc says, that WUUam de 
ope^TSa the butside, about half w^y Londres, I^rd of Ogmprj, Ifon^tbe 
uD the building. About 4 feet from the lordships of Kydwelhy and Qarnewihion 
•round are 3 circular holes, lined with in Carmarthenshire from the Welsh, and 
'SSrtar as is frequent in rOman build- gave the Castle and manor of Dunraveix 
iaffsli and penet»te.the whole wall, for to his servant sir Arnold BuUer. After 
oumoses unknown. Along the higher continuing long in the possession of his 
oarTaTeS square openings, facing the descendants, it at length feU to the 
chiinel in each of which were placed Vaughans, the last of whom, tradition 
lishte^ Tothebuildingthereisevidently says, was so unprincipled that he set up 
a broad and raUed road, pointing frop. lights and employed other devices ta 
theeart. and near it's upper end are the . mislea4 seamen, so that, their vessels 
■^'STof a trench Descend and , might be wrecliced on bis manor. Tra- 

leave on the left Maen Achwyfan, be-, dition further says, that his crimes did 
foremenitioned. Old, ^n^enclo;*.. not escape punish went, ipr that three ' 

cd mouAt^n, a litUe fa^tlier on, has a- of hi^ sons were drowned in. one day » 
nwiwc the bulhes various circular foun- . the following m^inner. Withui sight of 
daubwof stolibiinmortared buildings, the hpuse is a large rock c>Ued ihe 
AJttile hence, is the small town of Nes^-, Swancar, which is dry only at low wa- 
«Sei.,almpst the entire creation of it's ter. To this place two of Butler ^s sons 
'^Qw^^^ r^»t maboatfor diversion, hut neg- 

" ;ft^e ran Pennantascpnded t&e hill cal- , lecting to fasten th^ir. ym^, it wa» 
* iedO«KxV'^ni,onthe§umi^itor whichis w^hed away as the tide rose, and they 
Vi^oircnormJ)u»carned4,or tumulus,, were left in this sta^e toUiehorrWof 
"of iim^tones. Retwhed along the death. Jheywer^ seen fromthe house. ^ 




able £r it's ancient house, an infant brother, wi^s left alooe» 
*'S^^l *B«8cen4 ti) the church and ^hp C^U,intoaYewfilpf-.'«vJiey.«nd.was 
^^!miM9^^:Uan<fsa: In approach- drowned also. These events were uni, 
, mE^^Scwv the hifih iahds towards the vecsally regarded as jndgmeou, and mn 
.' J5J^e^^veth^|<ijn«iOf asmaltchap- Vaughan was so stricken by them, that 



1*35 ELtESMEIlB. ns 

he became dbgutted with the place and Tvon Overtoo, k «ileip ftmmL 
toU it immediately to the present pro- ELLESMERE, ii a town in Sfarap- 
prietor. thire, seated near a lake of 101 acrei m 

Two cxtraordinaTy Caverns are situ- dimensions} it's greatest depth «« 
Mtcd about a mile westward of the yards. The environs has two adtioW 
house. One called the Caoe is a pas- j^ges above other lakes ; nameiy, on 
sage worn through a projecting stack one side a town, on the 6ther a fine 
«f rocks, running parallel with the sea park, called OcUe or Ottley. The town 
shore, and forming a kind of rude piaa- jj of saxon origin, taking it's name from 
«a, with an entrance to the south, of Aelsmere, or the greatest mere. It'^ 
very grand effect. The other, called principal trade is that of malt, the bar- 
Che fVindkole, is situated a little to the |ey of the neighbourhood being remark- 
east of the cave : it's depth from the abiy good. The Castle stood upon a 
entrance measures 27 yards. There vast artificial mount, with three great 
^e two or three fissures through the ditches bn the more accessible aide, 
toof of the cavern to the land above, a ^t present not a vestige Is to be seen • 
cmifiderable distance from the edge of the top being formed into a bowling- 
the cUif} over which if a hat bt laid, it green, which may vie with any station 
will be blown back into the air with jn England for the elegance and extent 
considerable violence; but this only of in£nd prospect. Beneath it the 
happens when the wind blows fresh town, lakeland rich fields and woods, 
from the south-east. This cave can At a distance is Chester, and the Brox- 
<»ly be entered at spring tides, and ton-hills j Wrexham, and the Caergwrte 
even then a stranger must procure the mountains ; Castle Dinas Bran; and* the 
attendance of some person from the Berwyn alpsj the hiUs of Merioneth- 
neighbourhood, as there is danger of thirej the Llanymynach hill, the Breyd- 
being surrounded soon after the tide be- din, Pimhill, Cleehill, and the Wlrek?n. 
gins to flow, where to all appearance Neither the founder of the castle, nor 
the entrance is perfectly secure. These it's destruction can be ascertained. It 
cllfft afford fine studies of rock for an ^as possessed by Edwin, immediately 
artist. Mr. Evans says there is a third before the conquest ; and on that event 
cave lately discovered, which from the by Roger de Montgomery. The Church 
petrifactions, and grotesque shapes ancienUy belonged to the knights of St. 
which strata assume, is considered as John of Jerusalem, granted to them by 
the most curious, and has obtained the Llewelyn, and afterwards confirmed by 
name of Fairy Cave, Near Marecross Edward 3. In the church is anaiabast- 
if an ancient cromlech, called the Old ^r figure of sir Francis Kynaston of Ott- 
OittrcA, the inhabitants believing that ley, and another of his lady, much mu- 
chese rude structures were once places tilated. Me died in 1590. 
of wbrship. Tliere is here a Castle, On the road to Oswestry, from ah 
and other specimens of antiquity are in eminence called the Perthy, may be ob- 
the neighbourhood. The principal is tained a most extensive view of the flat 
a monastic ruin, with immense bams part of the county, bounded by the bills 
«md granaries; and an ancient armory, of Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire,and 
Near the point wheretheEwcnnyriv- Shropshire. Among them appear the 
er falls into the Ogmore, there is a curi- gaps through which the Severn and-Dee 
ous phenomenon. The land above this issue from the mountainous confine- 
spot is one continued down, vi^hich here ments. About 3 miles further, along 
abruptly falls to the vale. From the the flat is HoLton, the seat of theMyt- 
foot of this down issues a large body of tons, the maternal ancestry of the in- 
water exceeding in quantity that into genious naturaUst and traveller Tliomas 
which it flows. It foams and boils un- Pennant, esq. At this house isa good 
• der the hlU,- as tho' it met with great library, and a collection of pictures j a- 
ioterruptions, and forms two streams mong the latter are Jacob and his son 
which act alternately in the velocity of Reuben shewing Joseph's shirt,byGuer- 
their motions ; the one hard, the other cino j a head by Raphael j St. Peter, by 
•<>"• Guido; king David; by Dbminiohmo. 

To «. Donatt'S Castle, 5 miles, Malkin; Bar- Mr. Wm. Mytton's manuscripts rdatifkg 

^"^^^n^ Pttor, 91 «ii^ wnrfh.m • Fv ^° ^^^ antiquitics of Shropshire are pre- 
•-EweiwyPttory,ajiiflks,Wyndbam;Ev- ,ervedhere. AmileTurtheristhe 

^^^^^^^^^^^ village of fVMiiingiim, The welsh^rds 



Vn EULOE CAStia/WK^SInf PRIORY, M* 

«MJIcetlJfti#ttifce«ietnfbp^rty of Tudoi' FrdA o^OitfCAfle, l'«fe*^«*r. ' ■ ' . 

l^vof,4tbtkiihn6WelriSn, who lite* i>ii^N*l^««l-^iau^©Jlt»vt•; •;->'• 

ki$a4. A#^«M&«onquettitwatheltf c .-«.Diii«»wn«oiiM^4da.k^Wift«^ 

bf. Roger '^earl -of ^^Kriewsbtoiy. TM •;••£»"»•. '•• • ■ "^ '>^^" '; >''•"• '^-^i 

Caitle suiBili upon a flat. '■ The gate-' ' E^NNY^IOftlT^; ih'plarmorgiWif 

iwiyr an^'fUfiit df two vase iKmnd tow-* itiite, was* a yeligious jnstitmion, api( 

6F8y with oitudifomi' slips; by WafpP pending to Ogniiote Cistle; built' py 

ivtRdowsy stiir reniaifi $ and vestiges of Morris de Londres, or. His ' descendadt; 

0f two otlKtt ' may ' ^et be ^fttced. It John, iii'l 141. This priory stands dos4i 

bas been ^atnmxided by a moat^ an^ to the road fr6m NeVvton to Pyie, in i 

several vast ditches, comprehending marshy plain near the banks df'the'rfi 

several other works. The moatwa* wenny. The strong embattled wills 

filled by-a rivafetwbich rises near Fen*; and towers which appear among the rii- 

tre Pantj iii the parish of Selatyn. Oi ins Of this priory, indicate thait if was 

entering the ««rishoiF\^ittiiigtoa, it Isr not less intended as a place of security 

lost for neairiy>a mile, and emerges iiif than df religions riJtes< The hall of.thtf 

the fields 6n^ the^-back of the- castled house is a gloomy ai^rtment in whi<^ 

The icewavd of- the ittanor holds annual^ are several racks, \f^ich seem, to have 

ly a^ceufe^leiet and cdurt-baron^ !n a been the depositaries o£>arm8.<' ' : <' 

feonn! iti the eaatle^ to^ whicli the inhab- Tiie: ChiKCh is very massive, of a ctus^ 

itantsarestlimiiitoedi TheChtirchis cifenn shapes in- which unomament^d 

an mc^um^ks^ building, designed dr- heavy arches rest on jshoi^t bulky col* 

igmail^ ay a «hapel KO'^ castle^ " : umns of rudeiworkmaitohip. . The cot^ 

^ the fight 4s Tf«-rti!V)^«M, a seat of umns, plain capital; apd circular archet 

Watkin -W^iams; esq., in right of- his denote itoftheeartiestnorman architect 

motlseir, heii^is of the place. Her pre^ :£very admirer of saxon antiquity 

-grsndfother; Edward Lloyd, esq.,^hO will be highly gratified. in examining 

^ied in 1715!^ iwas eminent for his learns the simple and originalrarchitectnre |rf 

ing, and had pfepared materisds for the this church. The broken pavement 

tiistotyof his' native country. — ^Pennant, formed of glazed earthen tiles^ mdrked 

to Oswestry, 8 miles, Pennant. . with devices, ^till to. be seen in sondte 

^^^^ i^%/Ni^ places, is ancientand curious. Several 

'^'^'^"^'^^'^'r'^'^'^'^'^*'"^ ' moniiments adorn the walls of the chan<- 

FrDmHawsnlcn,2miles,Biiigle7. Cel, at the east^end of the- church, now . 

— ^ NoHb^iH 5 wilei. Pennant. engrossed as a Cemete^ for the priAci- 

EULOE CASTLE, in Flintshire, pal gentry in the vicinity. There U a 

from tt'r situation on the edge of a square camp upon the hill above .this 

deeply wooded dingle is with difficulty pla^e. . 

found. It has consisted of two pans ; " The simple groined roof of -the 
the larger of Which has been an oblong choir, and the neglected tombstone p/ 
towe^ rounded at one end, and about it's founder, bearing this inscription m 
14 yards loiVg, and lO or 12 in width, old characte^ claim** Says sir Richard 
guarded on the accessible part by a Hoare, " particular attention, 
strong wall. The other part consists of idi gist morice de lundres le FVNfeUR 
an oblong court, at the extrei'nity df deu tt rekde su!* labxth. am. ' 
which are 'the remains of a circular In the southern transept is ad ahcieitt 
tower, finely overgrown with ivy, and altar tomb,' supporting the ftiudiateji 
commanding a view of three wooded effigy of a knight in armour, bearing^ia 
glens, forming a darksome and gloomy shield on his' left arm ; the personagetb 
sOlit^ide.' • This fortress has been well ' whom this sepulchral memorial wasi*^- 
deifertded;'onone'sidebya trench, and reeled, has never yet been cfearlj^W*- 
on the other by the deep valley which certaiBed, and has been viilgarty atttift. 
runs beneath it. It was in the wood uted by the whole tribe of modefti 
adjoining to this place called CmA Euhe, tourists to Peganus de TurberviUe, lotd 
that Heniy 2j in an expedition against -«f Coity. A happy gleam of sunshJni, 
Owen qwynedd, received ia dread^l a ^i) o^ water, and a broom, enabled 
repufae from Divid a^df Cdnah, ^ons of nke toaseertain the true original of this 
that herd.' In this rteighbotirhdod effigy, vjrhich was intended probably to 

are very tiohsiderable potteries: ' commemorate a friend and follower oS 

' To Nortbop, 5 miles, Bingley. ' Moris de Londres : ' 

• '-* Hatratdm, 2 mHes, Pesnanf . -^ . • si*a aoosa DE RBMI. GVTHCi^ 



K 



DEV p» l«»fr,4Mir.«T |W«I« AM, . y^\^f3n wp^pg. mitd>«lM ^tt^CT SW^ 

The orthognphf' and' .chfuvicter ot 4he % ,ff}\\^f!m WKmg the: fr <n^fvi^ Sngr 

liBttet»d|ar the dte^e lai tfak OKHiinneBt-to if«Bpu» 9nd faUUig from 4g^ ta .sVofc^ 

the lame period with the preceding, gaii^ ap^oother b«l,.iuiil«ie4baiBoii^ 

1>e church contains many other a(K>re the maxep of the .vaie* < Bttwee» the 

modern inscriptions to the memory <^ lisworjc^tar^pt and the> bm^cu.U a taU 

^^ Came family, who weire possessor's cqluomar iDCk, which atao^ ift the bed 

qf this estate, pne of which^ mpK stat^^ of the river, called Pulpit Hvgli Uwyd 

ty thaii the rest, bears a long inscription Ovnfael* or Hugh LlpydTs pojpk. Jfear 

^ antiquated ycsrse upon it's l^ase, aa^f Fl^tiuog ran theaQCMninu^tavir way, 

m front these iine^« paved wkhi. ston^, eyen akmg. (bese 

Kwe lyiEweDOf'b h^pe^ Enrenoy'k prkle, ^ ^6ep». ^(i almost inag^wi W c M^aua- 

. io faimlwthraouns^'cl, and in taqa boibdyd. tain«, called Fffnd, Ot 89m U^ft, Of 

Death hsving leisM J^, Hnjwr»d Joath to b« IJjQllcn/^ way, the WOrlt^itelfin, wife 

the ruine of this wort^ fsiDil7. «f the eoipeior MaoFimwi. A ainilar 

The ttUtfaction wiA. which I viewed Wma» road is . diacoveraW© at Crmg 

thii building, .as having remained uo; ^<»^»t» m M£?ioaeth>i at YGpm JVp- 

tOQched,. unaltered, since the days oi w<»> M> CagwarY^ni Mi. Um M ^ »^ 

Giraldus,.was contideahly damped od fPw4'«aPs>nd.thq?oad%p«|]0«at)ito 

befaohiiiigit's present rmndus and di^ 8reffan.;i» 4^«tijigui»l^d4^T Swn*»«i|lM» 

Ijqndated ooaddtioh ; in many placet isb^ nmmpg u situated at.tbe beaApf Cam 

Ckmered and eieposed to the rude cle^ 4fir>Piffiwi(|g, (the vak ittf.MMRjtwncqg. 

ments, it's windowa ungiased, the cu* improperly caMed the .wle-.Qf flfeftm- 

riotia atone gpdined roof of it's chair ^ORA - Th<Me are few nOea trhich^afi- 

axcbed, ies tomb^Btones» and among lQrd,au£hdeligl;»tfu4pnM|H)Ct». Many 

Ihem that of it's parent and founder* of ^^e high raountaina boupdinc «'s 

pvelessly thrown about in the wildest «i4e<,aro shaded hy Qahf» ^md ihe ser- 

confnsion rinshdrt, this old andonceie- -pcmtifie Owyryd steals placidlfialong 

ipected sanctuary, a£ter an existence of ^^ bottom, thrtHii^, rich cokiv^ted 

hearly TOO years, is now approaching .*^d^ This river at the hottompf the 

most rapidly tot(raxds it's dissolution. valley receives the tide, and .expands 

A large old mansion^houae adjoining "[to a wide Jake-like channel called 

-tfaechunch, is still in a more ruinous 3>oe/Jk SycArtn, Whence it flowi through 

eondition than the norman sanctuary." *^e sandy estuary oi Ti^aeih Buck, and 

— *Sir Richard Hoave's Oiraldus, i. 149. ^^^^ Caerdigan->bay, the sea at a distance 

ToDanrsvcp.house,2im!les,Barber. ^"^I'f ^^^^•. • '^^'^fh B^ 

- Bridgend, 3 n^{^tvz2 ^* *""*^«^ "P^'^ "f « gK^ind, a^ the 

- Pyle, 7 miles, Wyndham ; DonoysB, ^\ '^\ extremity of the vale, ^bower- 

— CowbrWge, 3 miles. ?« W4th woods, which occupy the steep 

the broeze high above the top of the 

..Frqm Penmacbuo, U mil^t, Bingtcy. building, To»wii^y»^i^r,nearEfe«tiniog 

— BaU, 18 miles, Hutton. ., . was the romao- Station called Henri 
WfiSllTHlOG, (the place of hasten- Mom. The village of Makvtwrog is 

ing) is a village situated in a most in- seated nearly in the mi^dl^ of it. Lord 

.chanting vale. It's di^ciensions are, LytteUon, who made a tour through 

(however, inconsiderable^ being scarce- Wales in 1756, gives . the following 

Jy^ miles longhand not exceeding ,01^ Mvejy description of Ffestiniog aiid the 

« IP breadth, ^ar it are the F^ of the contiguous va)e» .. " From th^ h^iight of 

Sy^ffld* One of them is about ^00 this village you hav;e a view of the sea. 

.rards ahoye and the other $Q0 yards The hills are green, and. w^l shaded 
-*filofiv a^rustic iitone, hiidge. , . The up- , .with wood. There is a loyely irivulet 
f^r fall consipt^ of 3^1^ep rochs, ovjer . 'jvhich winds throaiigh the bgttijjpa \ on 

i. which' the water foams into a decjp ..^ach side are .ineadQws,,and^b9^e are 

hlack basouviovershadowied by the ad- corn iields, along the sidc^^ tlje hills. 

jfifiAing reeksn /jTheotiher iafompedhy 1 M e^<^i.ei>dare,high moun,t^ns, which 

9. ^ ihroa/d; sheet, .^f: jijvater, p^i^ipitated seQ«i{>laced ^hec^ tp guard ^i& ^ch^rm- 
odoniriHhsHgt^ly shelv^og TOC)K»^houi^40 : .i«»g^^feat;against ^?\y invaslqt^^, . With 

HfaetJui^. After jthe water .i^as reach- the woi^anone lo v^jj, with i^hje friend of 

ed the bottom of the deep concavity, it one's heart, and a good l|hrai:y of books, 

piaher aloog a loaraow ro<;li<y thaam, one might p^ ah. afiOs th£rq,.aod thin^ 



•*^happyvaVan^Q^rortwb,w^qwn^j wlwm 1vb» odl* jtr^|^ p^t^ncc^ c^ 

to a n^row bi^^h of tMC ^a, wVtc^ 14, iiito pnso|Q ; ;i^d M^^.Vy^^ban, ako^ 

dry at Ipw waten. 4i w«5 passed over whom" he murdered. Con^taatujq t^l^ 

the sands^w^^ were svirprised to's^Ci ajlj Black (Cawellyn Dhe).the*son 0/ lagp^ 

the cattle pfe,fe> that harfren place t'g^ incensed at t^Vtteatment of his fadbfr 

thp meadows., j The guide said,..it"vya8 and uncle, raised ah army in 079^ of 

tp,avoid a fly which in the heat of the Welsh andDaneS, iilv^6d1iT8"fc6uslh*$ 

day ca^e ov^bf Uie woods,' aod infj^^t- dt»niiaionsi, . aiKi!<^rinni]g6d Ahglesda. 

€d them, in th^.valUjes. , TJie view 6^ Returning through Caernarvon, to- 

these san^s is terfit>l^» ^ tl»9y ^uce hem-, ivards^Ffeitinlci^jhrf itiother, Helen. led 

liied in on each 4de with, very high the v^, and Ijd'cifoseij^the reaK At the 

hills^ but hroken.into a thousand inreg- distance of 8 niil6s,'h'e had to p^ss a 

ular'sl^apes. At one end istheocean^ defile, bounded by: two^ mouxit^iy 

it the otherr tjie formidable mountains Mynidd Vawr on dieriljht, iipori whicl^ 

6? Snowdo4,-^lack and naked rocks^ itood Castje Qe^iirm,' Sfid MOel Elyai^ 

which! seemed to be piled one above 6n the Teft, whi|dh' iiaWdw j^^ssiag^ Wr. 

Oi« Ot^er.i the sumnjllts of some of theiii Pennant^jdlstly c^S' 6ii'cf* 6f the b^tj 

^1*6 '6dver6dWiti;fclouds/and cannot' be guatds t6 tlie. eijtiratice^tp Snowdbn* 

ascendjsd. The gf an(ieur oJF the ocean^ These are so near each other as to leav^ 

^prrespop^in^' with ttat of the moun- but a nan-ow road f^ii^'tiie traveller^ iii4 

t^ih, Ibiimed a majestic and solemn a.bare passage for thenyer, which rtins 

s<^en^6; id^^ of jmiriensity swelled and( from the Uke Quethlin« at the foot of 

^xahedoutiiliiids at the sight: aUlds^[ Snowdon. As' Cqhstantine was paisj^^ 

^r objects appeared mean and trifling^' ing^his defile, his coiisin Hpwel^.u^^ 

80 that we. could scsurcely do justice tp perceive<i, let fly an strrow from the tcnj 

the riiins of ah pld c^tle, situated upoti{ oFCk^tle'Cedwm. '^* Are you wounds 

the top of a conic hill, tbe foot of ed?" "Yes." y Th'^riyoii are adead 

Which is washeid by the sea, and which roan, for the zxtox^ was poisoned.*: 

h^s every feature that can give a ro- T^lie news of his death soon reached hi^ 

ihantic appearance. The morning be- tnother Helen, in the Van, ten miles dis- 

ing fair, wte ventured to climb up to the tant, on which she exclaimed, '^ This is 

top of a mountain, not, indeed, so high a Cross Hour;". The side gate^ 4^ 

as Snowdon, wtiich is here called Moel which she st66d still retains the nam^ 

Guidon, i. e. the nest of the eagle j but of " Cross Hoiir."— ffi<tfo«. i^^ear 

ojie degree lower than that called ilfae/ Hhyd Halen is the celebrated^ hiU oi 

Happock, the nest of the hawk, frqm ilftc^nan/, on W^ich are the monument^ 

whence we saw a phenomenon, new to al remains oiBeddeu gtoy Ardudwy^ 

our eyes, but common in Wales; on They ate'almost six feet in length, with 

the on« side was midnight, on the other a smail stone at tlie hea(i, and anothe^ 

bright day: the whole extent of Snow- at the feet; in number about 30, from 

don on our left, was wrapt in clouds 2 tp 3 ^eet high, and 12 inches broad'. 

from tpp to bottom : on the right the Near them are still remaining a earned^ 

tun shone most gloriously over the sea- and several clicles of stones. The 

coast of Caernarvon . The hi,U on whicU Traeih Bychdn, or the small sands,' are 

we stood was perfectly clear, the way (ihiefly Foriti^d by the river which ruEi^ 

we came up was a toleiably easy as; down the beantiml vale of Ffestiniog to 

cent; but before us Was a precipice of Maentwrbg and. Tan y bwlch, neaj 

many hundred yards, and below, ^. vale, which pi ace it becomesftaivigable. Oy- 

which tho* npt cultivated,, has mucb ^t these sands and Traeih Ttf^ator, £s^^ 

savage beauty;' the sides were steep^ HARiitcH] the road leads from Meri- 

and fringed with Ipw. wood. There oheth into Caernarvonshire; a large 

were two, little lakes, or ratl^bj larg^ 'tracitpf land has lately been recoVereli 

pools,| which , i^tob^ in the bottom^ frpm i)^ sea, on the northern borders. 

whence issued a rivulet which serpen- of theTraeth'Mawf. under the direQ- 

lined yn. view for 3 pr 3 miles, and wa^ tipn of 'W. Oakley^ es<^., .and a public 

a pleasing relief tp the.eyes." ' rpad' is npw leaking' on' that side, ty 

:, During t^e government of Wales by a which a'safe comti^unication wiU o^e^ 

mu^(itud^ofpFin^es,war,desolatipnand o^rfed tb Ae/ft<?Wt J^nd Nefyn^yo^ Jjt^ 

bipod was . t Ji0 cpnsequence. Howel, jprompntpry of tlyii,, wher«^. "there U 9^ 

;Ki jig of N,. W^s, w^ ? tyrant. He ^d j wst adyant^ous ]iia|fhoui> ^ ^^-^ 



i9^ mGVAfdV.'ytpr. i«4 

USyn, ¥he'&i»gcrout ahd uncertain' Ifeiet diameter, rcfiiVrit ujttii'othJfc and 
^^ge of th* lands maybe avoided',' fdt'Aiing a cr6mleft/ , ' -'"Tis- 
arid an easy communication opehed' gudra;hast)een'br9\i^ht'tifito"hodfec by 
withlrehnd. the descent of UOO ;ftren<ili invaders, 

; To Taniy-Bwlch,3 miles, Huttoo. . . ." "car Llananno C!iurcl\, ^eb. 22, 1797, 
' Biick to Caernarvon, Bingley. * who after a few days' posiession of the 

'J^'^^^^^^rs^^^^^^r>^,^Ji^ neigHbdui'hood, stirtendered to 6*60 of 
■ Fmm M«^~*» p.«i««ir-jj™ «-,»!-.. M.; ^^ Pcdibroke •fencibit8,"''Caerdigan- 
..Fiwn Newpart»PaiibrokMUre,6iiiiles,lial. shire militia, Fisgard and'Newpon fen- 

: r— .St. Davids. Idmilcs, (by way 4,frAf«» 9^1c»' and lord Caw dot's troop of 

: hftl) 20 milei, WyndlMin. yeoman cavalry, the whole of which 

' • ; St. Davids, 16 miles. Barber} Evans* <vas headed* by lord Calwddr. 

• Sln-ine. OA therdadToSt.Dlwib'Sjat asbort 

FISGARD, in Penibrokcshire, is .9 distance 10 the right, ii Manernawen, 

small town, the rugged and dirty streeu formerly the seat of " Jfohii J-ewis, esq. 

of which are contrasted by the cottagea This spot has some wpodjind eotnfort 

being whitewasheii not only upon the ^^^ it j the rest is a dreatj blant. A 

sides bqt the roofs also. . A post-office lew miles beyond, you cross Hio^ Riy- 

^d a market has lately been establish- er, which f ises at St Catherine's and 

Cd. The Church has neither tower nor finds it's way to the w^sterti branch 

♦pre, and remarkable for nothing but of the Clethy. At Matkte^ there is a 

^echo from the n. b. wall, and a curi- very considerable fair held on Michael- 

bus tombstone in the yard. T^c port is mas day. At Gorid bridge, the traveller 

small but if assisted by a pier would be will be near the ancient city, but the 

of admirable advantage to the Irish pinnacles of the great tower do not ap- 

trade, as it*s situation to the N. of MilfoT(]^ pear as soon as expected, the church 

IS calculated to reader it a safe haven being placed in a deep bog. 

for ships unable, in blowing weather. Within 2 miles of Newport, the road 

to get round St. David's Head ; and it 1* passes close to the remains of several 

the only port on this coast unincom-r druidic sepulchres or altars. They are 

moded with shifting sands called a har, all within the space of 60 yards. 

The trade here is smaU, employing a- to st David^ 15 miten Malkin. 

bout50vesselsfrom20tol00t6nsbur- — Ncwporu Pcmb. 7 iniie«, Wyndhami 

then. A smaH manufactory of coarse Batber; Evans { skrine.. 

(Cloths is carried on for home consump- — Haverfordwest, 12 miles. 

tion; but the principal employ of the ^-^-^«<--^^-^v-^^-*-^^^.^**^-^^ 

inhabitants is in the herring fishery^ From Nortbop, 3 miles, Bingley. 

The cliffs abound with Ugustrum vul- . HoIjwcH, by Downing, 10 miles, WaN 

gare and euonymus europoeus. On the . . "«'• 

bill below the church is great abun- ' Holyweli,7miles,Wyndham; Pennant. 

dance of sambucus ebulus. On the — ******^» * "^'^•» Skrine. 
lunks of the Gwayne grow nymphaea FJ1,INT, the ancient deserted tapical 
lutea, verbena officinalis, and campa- of the county, is small, irregularly built, 
nuae hybrida. ' The road from the and stands in a marsh, near the Dee. It 
upp'er to the lower town, cut out of the has once been surrounded by a ditch 
rock, commands a fine view of the bay. and ramparts, but these are now nearly 
*Mr Malkin advises travellers to avoid destroyed. Being situated near the sea, 
a night here if possible. St. Davids, is it is resorted to by a few from the neigh- 
somewhat better and more quiet. The bouring country as a bathing place ; but 
language at Fisgard is a strange unih- the i^arshy'coast, which extends to the 
^lligible mixture of Welsh and En- edge of the water^ and over which the 
glish. Their manners are rough to the sea frequently flows, renders the 
strangers, whom they treat as spies. district insalubrious. Tiie Chufchi or 
There is, on a neighbouring hill, what Either chapel of ease to Korthop, is a 
.appears to have been a beacon,, caU- dirty, ill-looking building, >yithaboard- 
ed the Castl^; where iome! brass ro- ed turret. ' Fi-om this place pacWets sail 
njap coins have been found. In every tide, for Cliester and Park -gate. 
\a dingle below the church yard \% z The tastlfe stands upon a rocfe lathe 
IJttopg . chalybeate ' spring. ' Be- marsh, so near the river that' sWe- 
lween the church and the river is a vast times, at high water, the walls arc 
dtohe of nihe iohr weight, and about 9 ' washed by the tide. The chaniiel of 






^.bri4gQ,<jWbi«b 1ej4;^9[ the o^itsvqr^, shue. ami tly^ pifhi^.^ooded-tt^krA. 

.caU^i4b(|. ,Pfirbi«i>wiv.a^ii)nWhiffhni? W??f Northop^and rtawarden; • Thjfj ^ 

^'7S5^i^;?oj^tyijaii,wias.e«cteG|^ jf^ hut,part of tlie magwifijC^m terrfw $c(^ 

j6uii^S^>:h9iBjiif<$#Q^ sqiMMFCi, w^h.»i tPlJf/- ^<^]jy the. jiubUc fo?d„whi<;h i^ fiqi^^ 

.It'»Qmiyarf|*iw^^«J»^lffHrfi*)A9/^^l Jg-fjft^at pf Edw^ ap^jpronwy. ^r^^ 

€^k8i;t:feft^,t^ujkfct^King(a,gaU^i sj^p;^g l)riUsh,po?V.9ay^,4foe^yGf|;if^ 

^g\^t ^^et.bfpac^i iflcjprfqd, >9^w^W f^^^rr r^^^nvetheroaAsJs^fUtwo fni^^ 

9>^n>,>aii44/9aY4TO^ qirjc^l*riPTf*jf.*8 }^S "shE,surrounJ4£|a]t^ ajoss apj,^)^ 

C^>jff^<9f,aW»$:i2ft«?»fcJn4«fT)Ster^,iinT .•^fe'^^^^^lv fprm^^^ .. .f..;^5il). 

tft>y»Rhjch,,ai)ew^ii5W.rf¥?^?snti3f[ftQinL.t|J(e j^ ,T+^t>?: ro^d to IJpf,^y,^Lij;ninscliij^. 

g.^lejrynl^j,j4,(4PRr5« r.TC«r»fPP^?!Sji.tfl a^ong the^ coa5^,.l^s IpTJ^j^and,^ ^imp 

bftyp<)>fi^»^t^JlflfiPfii::TI^/iiJ^r"?F-,9l P^^^ iri on pp^ sidje^b^ a.. dismal,, sjjfe. 

lfe?.PaOleiR#;'S8i^:^j5»Vrt,.the,ar^?75»jf pi:ir^h, andp^ tl?fi pfb^rjbx.b^.r^iSr 

«J>i^fe an9a^fitffl«.$i^u>^.afffQ, v^ln-JJi^ y.ompltielj preclud^ji^ 4^?/Laiijt[ -vieyy} ^ 

SUrt*i%PO,t|w.F(44idftr.aFfiiify?^W«Vt ^',^^^.^W^ .-i . ijibiArc. .i^: '.' hi>. 

^r::9f*i^c^i^^nq|,\)^^(dfipic|Q^^y; nth ^nd. pleasant; c<j>unfi2^,^^|^ 



>»^as>J w^j cvrtWfi*jb3rj^e,fi^!l»fi9«5Hi -ja®»"!^^"4fta*;to^^i2)jV4nj«,,pj 






front .^jfeiSiDJ>*oQ.»^koW?^ip^l9^^ -iv;^„^TiL^it. ' I'McyM-j v , 
Qwiiifinifc t^rfiea^et^tliithie bei^Wis g,^ Q LOCESTl^R oi^^ of the Jpfincipal 
lent pi^fposea.^ 'Wl^qb it-M^afriibutti^ PH^s of En^bbd, tpw:^p]9 S \\?Acs^ 
this, B^ace,f^^,^oKiim^aw WM^itWs ^'^^^^^ '-'^ tuuers';iFid spires v. iLh con^ 
WX«,lrthy4dlw^.C/»^rgwffie,nw4 QjfSft f^'^^^^^^e ti^^]^iif,^^^n^d appc^n tliq 
t9^, sends. ;^j|n^flfil^rlftrparUAfP«(%ff gj"^!^ capita] of an, extended f|t.^maia^-^ 
^g^r/t ,MB'»3Wn^;jnenUoiwi)v«« P'^f.*^'*;'' '"^ the>;\iny b^f a few yenri^ 
hq^pitaLrat;|iUf|ta,,/^,^,4isti«ig«^|i^i3ft V^* swtUed iino.p, place uF rommcr- 
• > ^^e>nieigW>pmbp»JiPfi^mt,.iii,t^ dulnCn and mat:tivil^, Wliicli oftrrLpjC- 
hwidrfid.of i:oi?s>]ilU is s^ WQod^Ca^q^i^ Y.^^l^ ^" towns unJistin^uisked by uadCj^ 
3S.the«c^iMJoC,a<;iifti)bi,W,^»€yr|e.,]jl^pj|f^ and devoted to ^c^ctesissLic insEitiU 
Vf^:iWk^.,4^i^m4^n9^^.S9llmf^ifm ?"'^'^- I^'* suV}aEiQii;,))oweve^ t!^d^ 
an/iw^re ))Qlps^iV9(|ga^y^i^aiiy, G^.fa^ U:t(roT<ls a fine /^bjccfi trs ttie Tiills a- 
pp(inci{^l^o}>^ejBiei^rbiijL,y^hefCJaU/MW4^ roiuid, is far froTji, jileiiianti fijr burie^T 
perifp^fiff ^l^n danger^ S^ Wjnn^,|VI^, wj the pl^in, it i^ too far (listaiit frorti. 
l,74|rf.^<iit. l%i^^yHil..iini ;.; .- ...bl.i'UT ^^?''^' termination to .p^irtatc pt much 
.. Prow l^liD^^i ror.3f;fiVH^; Mw^Nf^ft t^^'^^J' °^ q>V^.^J7- ^f^.<^ ^l^'*' 't*^ ^^•^^1 

imm^AJ|tely,,^(?^4^^^'^.,|t^p,8Jiqip(9; Ibstis at Glorestcr much of it^s ^JK^'tjf, 
0^tJll|&CppiHfy,;irt>fjPn¥P^(*iK>fRj^ ^Y Hm^ divided. into two moderate 
b^ME^ttp i^^Jlij>JffG,i^\ff^tihm4^^ ijhanncls y^;jAjj » lopjj cpnnccting caose- 
8fn^^i?^9efti^aryofth^lSjeft,,l^irt^; ^^3f- ^^*^ ^^^^rF^^^jS?^ ^9l^f ^' ^^f '^*^Tt- 



m (^0(tt»t«^ 18S 

fimehtmhit^:^ A ytrf i^ipttitmh MMsMV kfft IL ^^FM aMtMecMire of 
«^^HatF,iiMod^bf»i^'itibsttoniplete tUte: vtibfeertwiliiMis aiid jt^oomy |»bce 
^6alsii^Ei<^tand'iUiv4¥Q^emdstamdng i^ mkMljr, and taittd>'tolbfe iniineme 
thesej btitthe'cJtlMdiUd6ndisni%^ wdj^M ne^diif t>ii tl»^ aMH^, *whidi 
1^ to ikpii!^'^Myit\\tf*k dtridifty in t^. are ttiraed tqxmf Mfe «h6rt<'piaah; and 
Itdiil Glocc^jt^/' ' mthdUt, it's \6Wf atrength«nedbyt«^i)ltdr'piro|tortioiiate 
•«f#<^r iihd fW Wiftipa^^lJt pWinacl^ a- *6lidit3f^. The nai* it a» ' hite^estinc 
-dbmed \irith b^uiiiitfe fV^ work, mztt ipteitaen tf ihte ttfttwi^^-tatn ^un ti 
•ttim^'tcai<m% iftiplrrt^ wrthhi; the hij^i to pretail Wf Bieakfl)!^tiiWr(Alit«rieit sfM 
f6b(aDd''!E^6m%bt^ments-d^ tfienonnanconqi^. ''"Theilrtade 

fwnr anoMb ^^dbf^ttirith'the •^mbte bf ponderotitfomd edIoiHfifl, Imd the 
l^dedk" of ike poA)dttoiX% ii^bri ki&ti rowt 6f i<Mii^i#«^a^archdi 'afeoTe, im- 
faid'ar^faeir^idH^stkptooTt theaMe.-4 t>H$At«ettfiiidwM4daf^di6itt^^ 
^rin^. /^''tli^teathcfdralcomtjmek •oii<Hty,'jMpit*»afidk«^ii4a*t7;MirInch 
dhltt^ liit^bsW'ib^lMhs of salon. H9re iftr^obtpinibd^iey dAgtnai^ Mite. 
iixAmxIi, ^tiAWffm iitcYiiitdtdtl^ j ^tt^ The'inrdiittsctiire W titt^i ebd is very 
imiciiht^'ytW'tskitii: Hapt^UV m aiiTd^Hit frtnw oid 'olH^t tfitfti-of ^ 
the admirers of ecciesi^iiib #(ihitedtM', r&Mi andihe'Vilili f^ €<^ir<tfM by inters 

imi ,*<i'lftj6x<«ftt. ^'th^ lowef psttb'f hhtfhe rtSniittrfer irf W^^pbJi**t de- 

tli^'nkVe, thd^.dhaiVl^rs Which sutioii'nci MM^loii;'wttt<3Titfi'^f<yett^^aiar; 

«fie choir, and th't^iiHfet'/ are pfcsum^^^ Vit'tfti^k^-steW»tf6*ltfv%di Oiiearii 

i^ fallive'betoiri^d^cb nter t>iiil^«g erecc^ Silfefire 8 MftsffW^^^ftlttivajife si«fae» 

edby bi^hopMdred, before l^l^^.jth'^ bW«rAfeti>l!hfeih'«ft^'b««ikled b^ htgt 

fo^ '6f'^''iiIV«'6b1^Add'tt^^ ^(sh- #ffifd^, dtt4^ WM«^^a«k, and 

tisRf T^^'^^effti^i^'^d pa|t^^ c^kn, ahd il^^^oliidUia^uBM:^- b a 
transept wa!P'^ttafeti'Mrf ?35fil. '^^fflg «h^ of »ieirfs'«if rktetii'^eiiaiAct^; 
buildifijK^:<bf^tlw>4f«P4t«nteiibtittd*'<ct%ir iMe' terelil^, ' ^ >><Mh«<ft- f^itiiie; 
d«mi!ft«ilc«d«»diifihe4alWe^yfeaVnhe fHIS#d'«eVW zs-mKiikhfl&H^Kteri of 
\Attiit^i»^'tMd[jsi^'^^t45*ir Be- sHdMf"pi!Wfs;'«lilft^<*i|iil«ta^ Htfe' itrRiai 
tWeerithe'^e&^jflP'^d 1#l,6ie e- dH^li^ th^WiJstTjdtt^titoiTViW^ty <rf 
laborateuel0isterc.'iv«i>c^iusbed>.<Fhe Mffi^; <6li ^whldi^iW-'izag stringB eit* 
clmpcl nf oMr idJy, atid tlio cemrt tow- t^Wf,-'8it'^ng^>W a Jbife'te'*fttek- eWll 
cr^wct^ i^^if(c,xr¥^'fwns^ t1^p/or- t^r!^H«%4ipith ^^feilly dfcf afiit cajii 
merbeingl)ui1tbc^wtif^D%.XL^irs il57 WOif ^««h WiiJW- tfie ^ibi^olF «ie iraxih 
and 1491; an4,ib'i3^Utii:'p'Mtwt;QE tfie «i4hflfen(C«.^' "tHef '|g^c*f Wlndo^ 
years 1457 aiid I51K. . , The eener- pJfteed thtoagft' fh6>' WtiU< a^ot^ the 
it fat^'<^f-tbks"ca()iei3ai l3 Vifnmr to a««6^, are'drvidfcd>fey ttidttfthiik f^U 
trt&st naitrs J thcf Ij^t^noif' cortsiiU uf J M^/irid bo^nd^rf "By d^^f*/ liHfOi trig- 
nay e, cltoir, sitliiatiltf,' W iratiiftp[t: zlt|f 'HrClteii'i'tWttf^ Itfthfj tettwates 
W!ibaflv\p^ilof oiiMadf, and s(;vt;ral tn»hP fetWh- thA'.'^fifip^stWJf'' ^'iidowi: 
fttfi^r cKapdls, r>r orivio/ict^ Froiii tH(i Th^«^.^tohc( 9. aiiles tffflkf'Aalvtf are near- 
fhtcrbt-rtirjiT o't" tho ii:iv^ iinJ tonscpti J9^the'4tyW=oFlH«'#'.«^nift^ilhpoini. 
r[sc«safii^]itWi,:T^, niid'dnihcs. siae is a wWl*db#9, Hcfli 4«inim<i»i^s -in the 
piv} ect in ^ pori:h . Th k' too f 1 s s t] s t.i i n cd arches%bW thl^' #NJAliMi^^ and fifi^tted 
Ety^eolumiis, \vhiy^h(\tCiKnn '2 njvvs ^tlWi. ' rPhe" afch'bf 'eiftftlAeC'to the 
from the iv . c n'H tt) t h ti j 1 1 1^ 1 1 a! tar, w U v ¥6 CfWi«tei^ ' ftbni fetf Wi ^aWl^, ik rtiO» eft*- 
tJiepidshyLery ffWj! oci^dy a semitr/-' dhftMy^ibd'eiif^iiirfltWyWdnWed'bjr pi^ 
cbiar Hv<?qf^ tlic thT^^epts haVe Hb i- fcCti,'lrtrtftt«i»#i; ttichftij jHhtaiJtlJdi,' fbli- 
wlatccimir^r^, Tl^t Ckap*16f OurT.a- i^^'Jind'^ttiriettJ ttfdtttfe'ihi^tifl^driia- 
dy ii, ^1 u^ii^ mitmA tottit; pteityJ #«rt «rf (WiJ^ted/'^MhiMltl^'ttiider thd 
t|jq'^ aodtbeT^arC V^i^^^^^^^ afai?"''Ii^ «^ s^^ 'aftl^,^f'«tfiU'He*tfM 
ajT ci SE. 's(n g Iti o!^ tli c t bn scj Jt' and ctioi f mouldings are introduced a^ erh^lishi 
wi!h'2o(Kcfspi(*ojVctifl|; ip ihe iw'tiS^ Mkiti tilA eich^'li&e-"«df thp wifidd^rs. 
between tli6fiC and ihc cluapcl, of nuV ia^' AW^^^ded^^fadstednkJf'^style' & ex^ 
dy, t^ve outtii^e; tjt /grbund plar^ of! lfti?fedIih'tiidim^t9^8Ptfaeji.transe|^; 
the cathedral, is pm^^% ibo iaitie ^f 1^tK^^ok'tjt$ai4Mt^Midbl»iftm^ 
present ^s deiign^d HV b\lA6p Aldrcd" s»^tyd!<^l^)»''ifht!Ke iAdi^'afld «ha|W 
prevWi t6" libe'fey"lOa$i ^d thtr wFbUHjJdy;' ' . Tbe'Gbo^tliliVtd^' 



r89 tim&ams». m 

«raAili«asrwiiid<wr. The^Mnr'MRMi^ THifef preietfi lAlttr^^ey^bifelT it^i^f 
feeciOli'tti^MtheXi^liilelMSidiiClilk^ e)N<lQilb«i «P^He>f«HM>ftiaeei^>^l9i^6ti 
t^fmimai^tft('fSHf^tbi^^i^ifA§init%cmd im^6f the €h;[m^<^««Tl^^if«^MMiM( 

afeti«» ivlUKi^s^fl^OfS^ite^ vk^lful)^^ A«b6t S^ttrdtt^'i'tHel^i^ilitt^lMIHft 
the>tMti<MI«tk>">Mtft ttSi6i^#Hfrlrif^M^ hHVe M*ii<|)tep«ed fbt^the Kiiii"^^ , 

space-6f'fA«'«W^6¥/ itT^e^'llHUll^ti^M e^/and iirmdmF'l>^ai4n^r.''''Ttfe*jMiAU 

li««iib>4«ni6/gellP, ^W^»l9d«<^ S^aii<}br8idtf«§q^i(^fiiefl'tild^clib2r^« 

ttw ^ie99'Bfl^<HMr^ ^dfl&^iAiJift^ ttfrisabiidedi aMf^U^f ^to^btt^drWI^ 

€e0t>Abtfo&^i&WM^/lft^«tot!klM':' <t^i of' eskriy 'iMynhati ^»aiit^t\&i^.') "^4 

fonie«z«br)^«M4fl>f(t!»»feiAl3Mif^tm|{ ^MHs ^«htf<t6dH^t»ifib'tYli(m^ 

arch^, i6)ar^lai>^iBfl»iffg'«»»m^t^ fiie'sidb WUhi ahirfiW# ar^iASh'i>iBii>l^ 

the tR^>a«ft^; ^d«ln l^hk;h<»'««>ia UtfiiA^ "Meh^e^^;- afnd' (H^ m^NHfe 

divided itfto' shat^ hiiK^et «tieAd^; Mifd Htf<ed With llkSft^'^ti6|prti..pi3^^ 

has oHe dlt of«hi<!^diVl«<a»!Rftiil^W Thesk^tHe fSbOkk 'ili^\Mt'mi8H d¥%» 

Frof^thil^yar^tftek ilk^9^«nM<6 W(r«d(k^ nfti triiillioHli' ^meiimig KHuMVk| 

and^eHbbaTeiil>«tVit^lj^ifil«ftiiM««!ail§ (K^ ^iuid ^«t«nftodi<»^o^^^'«kitoN| 
!ii ^tm (5bthj^<y««d 0r>iio^«t(M,«MihR»; Hl«n<^tf^>%'bdf^.^''(> 4«l6f ^OaS^^iM 

ftld^'tt<e' 81' mflff^'^df ¥4dh ^fitbtirfllicte ttfltti^li^ fliMttf "Arlti'^MNt^ bf^ 

POim (^'«Meutld«/ tb'tlDS^biy^e^ cltd'fiK^<10^«dfa$«ftiai<hc4B^^rMy<^affrii 

thto«ieat£if«^it,dr'tBote'M W)nd^' ftltei 'R'il^fe8ni»)iSK|«<ii 

erected hi therr^t^ 'df^®4t(%T9>4/ifittf SV}iekf^'mmsibTi^i%Wih^fk^miAm 

6fgothTccak^i^'in'%A^ta<l. ifiefim ii^tdf y6^WIHa^.''^Oirtl^l»t 
fanhektai^ad)^'dtMteSlibttrftyiirafi*oy tm>»N^MM^^yw(liY^'ii<^lllbli^^lt^^ 
the^ishtUW6,'iiistM<t^f^iViifl|^'se«i ItfHi^i »%«^hb«Ke4Wi>m'>aM !<«««}, 
tion $f'^H^ag^^:^id'ate^ t<y((A«e^ iiw-fMri(^d l(f ' Hif7^'^NmPt»<'«i^it^ 
witb fKe^V^ i; Wftidb^/WKicft'ife'eMi <M'«4l^riittdif df iMMKliPm tMi^MBftt 
t>owed in Wil^lit'^t^* ainff 'dMttSiei ei'<»f'<$<i^'»iy<^ ^i^^mk^!&k§i^^ 

t!ied&i«n«fti8 iW? tt]fpp6sed''tbT8fe IMhilKSmd^'^ ,?.<imii4il w-f .'^«|im . 
greak^«^1l!Noiii^f ilhyt»ifi«i^^!ii«ifW '» iknAeiatmimW^^'^^ ' .' 
m Engl^crV'thi ^i'd<%«pie^ a^iU^ '' - %- iaWty ifif( ifc JMlW, ,^f'7no«&d 



Ill ^Mosim^ m 

{IHived, j.It>)i^Pf«^siMyb9eikanaluiQr pnmmUae^oifibtmvf Mm t mu ^fotm* 
l^fKfl, 90il conoMled artb« time ol Um e4 Iqr^piUatt.iafo.^ jMiMnv.|ittHiel^ 
Refom^qa.,, JP^art pf tbe n* . trwH wbi<^i¥ere;fiUedj|»y^^ificbMt. twp of 
fiPliM ifiql0«^4 litya w^ pie«ced kHQ 4»am.»r«.4Qitfoyed.«ftttbe^.>ir» wde* by 
%M^9 ^4 (wo^iM^^ .«tf sr!iat bean*- U^ munU mtMmtam^ci aif '^|m»' If^m* 
^j:, t|^ ^oc^. adnnnion apd Ugbb ell ; 4i«4iede«talfAmi fiauppi** «« ^ 
t9^t^r^ra90ryiWmatei.pfiiaie m<H>MH ff»nmisM^^vfMjpi9fiaidipbmgc»BA 
Kini*o^^*5>)W<«9;««>ri#flMd,wii|iin Oj* |»wm^»: but Uie j^Mnet imreBiirekr. 
ae8^ti|(eo(,fa9f(^ fntiogf-ft^lVeyiao^l giaae^/ Tl^OfOeUiogpf »hi»fmi4 ppfdi 
i(si%>wyK'VMip»«vQ^r9rH *. , iTbeim bM4€ii9«t.qii ncb» pe w ^n ti»#t>noiw^ 
lewftr,9f ifeQjQbajwlqf.Ow.l^i ae<KM ej^teriJ»»«»0fti?labpnit«f»M|ii*4ici^u»^ 
ti«9i9l^^y9f^e^oiryi%«mHlNra)ar.?iiAi ly4liHMiea«d<. ThftW.fWlJhCQiMiite^el 
91^ ^ina^gj but,ti^^irect,mgRe»w oipB superb Mcli.,ata>TA:«b9 ^mch,^ 
to ^fWe4.^yy)U»€^iptr9AiK<ioi» of lb« baie /^C wlii^il.J4>M¥VU|flpftCll qyab* 
W«^ft^F-*ifc».^icj*.i#:»tterlyMis *U«4fflrit|^ f9illi^ffi)i|i)fl^btei»kvai«^dft( 

\ntmp^»u^w\cQQd .giory^iwdef Um ^tlM(,mi9^\^cf,fi9^,^iiw^^]im creai 

lj)^9f c^|»a^^ )^rlsl?t Jti|^^f'9f the hema Hmcf riwMifl ^e.abffMfMMlr^ mtn M 

tjfeU-«in<i95Vr¥ :J^.Wr«M:bed lubstn lwfQU«l»awhffc!of ufl«i^Hizf».3 

l«it«Wr.tbfip^aijl9ifP^ilM5qt8»|»iineU, ^ebH)4,^afiv|:fw# ,ai»«,eleeaiBti6«ii^ 

fflAl#%R?f?*?rW9i;H< c9ocpalca.>y.Ui; C^jWiMonhn. ¥r»iwi9)fim^-rOn.<each 

jyftpn th^yjewJwi f>»?. naye jva^.u^b lidf* 3^a,i^»mr*'/flW9.tb«olOAgthx>C 

h^Ri in4»M^y» w)finM j.an4 the. eye fer ,2 oarrokw p^MmeU*. <M(fP^.of wbich 

flMflte<i>»*ift:bfWia#jtpqlQiwio| (l^e Wi^irt8ACi|iqufl(«iipaiWf)iatjirabaie, 

Kf«y^;gi?W)^'3f J»>fi^ Aca?^ 3W IWl ^^fcl¥?», wirt^5a^j«Mle,lw«t»of an. 

J^MP sWWVgwrfM^y l*MW> Wr^latflV i^lfc ^rinsfprPWaf'Pnginartly iaecril^. 

^^\>f}f^. ,1^>>ftifiW?8 W^l in nuWfT ed 'witb 4I»<9{#;isivb». pf ^e^Bt« ^liove 

Wr» M«^vSre*V»5»5l6MiHWlicJWfly:jf«» th«»rjj(^^rl»»i^t^i3^W.^4 Wg|kne^;0C 

g»^iFow^4..a«h.<.iW#WtesJl,opk Uw «ftWUi«»wiyiotereMi?ig.„ Here.sv^d 
l*4^tajtVFri«fC%^5^f <^?,Wil>49WP* » 3W¥4ftW(bc/5wn «i«b, fi4p, gla^d-n^C 
«»t^rl*f ^** one (^«M»<^.f44e^iQ)H c»fifW,i«»ci^ *i<Mi Hhe.4lt#r> ^Tvei- 1* 
t^#*»>^dK»id i^«$;|)(fSi?A^yif ilge.fmilR fSf^9«Rto. ^f)i.^^^t^>(c)MpeIf£ ^lKAlilTe: 
^ c«MMn»d W iflUfi^c^g ttoomb, 9^Q^on94>;i^l)«#PMff ji«dw t*»e riwun 
wiHb9s»fif^p,irf:f^^<H)?yA«Ur6^ jffm^iim^\9fi?^9»vs4ififi,sf^f9w^ 

a|fij^[ which arj^.^t)^^ tpget^r^y, ffyj^jt^rar^^Pi^FJi^^p^f^M^tend^ 
ttt^tf,: ^^viari^<^Ab,^in)S9tl^i4P)4^ e4)(ttHb<l»?f jfiv,i«i^%»«fe \IQiy.«MWfW- 
fiilKifpiJi^afvl^vSGirpUhSKt^N^lbi:^!!^ 9#s,^aiM>.(hoiff:«l( tj^,affP^^^M^.aea»ii 

"" 'W.>«(IPI»fr»<'fi<4«!W«?rtw»; .Hwy. w?tfs|opc,]the/J(fiH^afrngipri»8i|S;:>4.b*H^ 
VPWfcMI^ ttf§>r^^<*»». vWKb /¥(9»8 tWffif ri^WPiWcJy ^^^„ffl4;ellric^ed 
WSW) thffA«RB»^ia*'Khicfe«» wMJvM*ag!?Kiflelpi|e.^iHf^upBort_S.5$i4- 

. .„i» »KC¥[«tab9?»dri^j^«§ep4Hig e§«^fr«m ^a^^ cflitmr'rf»r#?<A.*^ 

«ShfWejq5flW»2* Jta Wf>^*»pf*6hft4 fl»^^fi4 p<4pmpMSfi«3id tOfajr^Xnice, 
PIiHj /iJR*»/«alBM6<hftf)itt>fM*apfll fwWPgo8;arcl>Wfc J^Iy /»5foitped?/*n4 

_,. -. §5f^JIMP15fffldolSy»>ftl mmif^.M of rtiej^aW9pi/W'«r9ffi9vered..^itb s^en* 
cinquefoUed diviuoDs, w^<W9!MCDeo«l 4fir .^bf, wbu?h a^e/ioii^.pUJb^rsjcioik 

jf <l«Wfw^;;flwr^lB«}^^ or \m9xiti^^w^Hpi^vft^'^m^^ 

basenAetit, ^^j^fifc JiWfJjJ^A!^*^^ w^Ffpcjj pn a beai»$iful ji^e^^ 
pede«tal,i^lWAr^)l»f»m««i SilM^lidet flppr.pf the pprcfi^a^^c^^l^ia ^e4 
of the 9(9fsh.<Mkwmikm0t^Yp^^ ^9r,^H)gP9aiitc4 tUes i^l^i juini^iMiM tm. 



H>& G tOCESTSR . ^ 1 94 

lsQ»B '4l&lMAaA a^'Jwm considerable is^ulomedwithaproftisioiioftncerfr. 
pkn-ot them ; tlioie ivtiich remain are Tbis. Cathedral contains sevaerit' iater- 
g>dBe<aUy much vrorn: several tiles eating specimens of monusnental«afIp* 
fOrm-ar cifOle filled, with a cinqoefoil tuse. The tomb of Edwarfl the Scfii- 
smd -rosea- of yellow and dark brown osd, erected "by his sob and succcsior, 
ooloors) imperfect inscriptions yet re- near the high alur, ift> pvobably^-the 
itiainof A^e Mmtia nuUerpU Bovum mosi antient piece of -sculpture in Eng- 

Jssuj, ^ some of^heHgttves are land, which exhibits such periiaction 

a crown, with i. H.S., others, broken of art; On the tomb, beneath a mod- 

abields €»f arms. The greatest ex- ern canopy, consisting of 3 arches of 1 

terior 'Ornament of this fabric i» the stories^ interlaced with minute' taber- 

Cenrre Tower, which, for symmetry nacle-work, is a. recumbent figure in 

^d proportion, is equal, if not superi-* alabaster, of the deceased Monarch, re- 

or, to any other in England. During- gaily robed, and crowned. ' The head 

the I5th century, this part of the sacred is supported by 3' angels; the right-* 

boilding was the great object of atten- tend bears, a sceptre, md the. left sop- 

tion and-taste with ecdesiastical archt- ports an orb or glcibe: oa the 8ideo€ 

tects.^ and the difibreot towers erected the tomb are 9 arches' in recess, and V 

in> tbit co«Bty,' in Lincolnshire, and smaller ones, all of whicfo hate had* 

Somervetshire^ are elegant ipecimens' statue^onthespandrUyof thefovmev 

of; the romamental or iloirid architecture arc 6 shields : on the rails of 'the n« sidfr. 

o^thafr era. This tower is divided info ase tb&arns oi Eaglandy'with those^i^ 

9<t0Hes/ and surmottht6d.with4ele* OfieLCott^, Oxlard,aA4an iiftcrip*'' 

gdMit')>iniiacles,' perforated ifitd nnmer- tien dictated bf the socittty ol that 

oussriiall arches, and terminated with foundatioB, who reputed this, mono*^ 

foliated- iinealii. The summit is add U meiitin. ^87. The capitals of tbett> 

tioaally- embellished with open work- pillars, between which the tpmb is:aif-> 

ed battlemenu. Each story or conw Skated, were then pmted with^a nninr-' 

partBtent of the tower has 8 windows, b^of .ithite stags on a. nsd ground-; at 

sjebly ornamented wiftb scukptured fin- circuntstance which has given rise to a 

eaW ^he buttresses at the angles are vulgar report, that die body of the mur- 

also enobellished with attached' pinna- dcted King was drawn 'from Berkeiey 

eleS)iii<Sbes, and other ornaments. Be- Castle to Glocester by those anunak^ 

tweeo the s.> transept and porch are 5 Rysbrach^ by whom this mpnumeat 

btittres8<es> wbicl^ arc detached from was visited with professional venera. 

^O" waM at bottom, and are ornament- tioh, su(iposed it to have been executed 

ed with canopies, nichesy statues, and by some sculptor who fiourisbcd in. that 

purfled pinnacles. Each abutment had age .in the vr. of Italy.- •' Another 

original^' S statues; but out of the 19 monument entitled ta .distinct notice^ 

there ave only 5 remaining. One < of is. that to the memory of Alderman 

tUese,^ eontiguous to^ the transept, ^e- Blackleacb, and his wife, whose fi^i. 

pirescnu a kiDg> and is esteefmed a fine i>reS) in white marble^ lie on -a. table 

specimen of sculptuse. The South or tomb, da«ed 1639, and seem accurate 

Entrance Potch is equally p^use in or- copies of the portraits of Vand3rck: 

nament with the tower ; and from the they are. evidently the work-of a skilful 

style of it*s pinnacles,' perforated bat- artist. A third monument/ deserving 

tlements, niches, $tc, it appears to have observation, for it's design^ and classic 

been erected about the same period, style, displays a group by Flajimaa, e« 

The -yr. front contains a large central rected to the meniory of mrs. Mocley^ 

window, lighting the nave, with two who died at sea, in child4)ed. She is 

lateral windows, opening respectively represented a& rising from tjiie waves 

into the N. and s. aisle. Beneath the with her infant in her arms, and coo. 

former is a small entrance door-way, ducted by '2 angels. In the s. aisle 

and another leading to the n. aisle. In is an ancient tomb, commonly ascribed 

the spandfils of the first are the arms to Humphrey Bobun, earl of Hereford, 

of the See, and the arms of England, and his lady : this earl died in the year 

Over this door-way is a gallery before 136f7 ; but mr. Gough obsefves, in his 

the-great window with acpnatrefoil o- "Sepulchral .Monuments,"- that ** it 

|)en ballustrade. Attached to the cen- does not suit any carl of Hereford that 

tralmuUions of the window are 52 open we know ; unless we suppose it U>>have 

abuMieDts j . smd the top of the window been remo vedthitber at.the-disi^lufiaii 

8 



195 QLOCE9TSR. 196 

from the adjoining; Monastery of Lan^ ckmten aie •everad neat Lftvacaiiei 
UuHiy» where many of that noble fam- near the «ite of the Refectavy» wbk^ 
ily were buried ; and this, from the was the only part of the boUdingt be- 
form and ttyle of the arch and it'i nich- longing to the Cathedral, demolisbedby 
et, does not seem likely/* BetwecB the Republicans. . These Lavatories 
Che N. aisle and the choir is the mono- consist of arcades i and opposit* to 
ment erected, by abbot Parker, to per« them is the Sudatory, or place wbere 
petuate the memory of king Osrtc, thenapkins were hung, consisting, of 2 
with the following inscription on the arcades. On the s. side are SO.diaaiict 
wall above. places, or seatt, where it is aaid the 

OsRicvsRsz, PRiMtJsFuNDATia Hu- oionks used to sit and write before the 
ous MoNASTBRii, 681. invention of printing. . The Col- 

in a Chapel nearly opposite, is a fig* lege Library is entered through a door 
lire carved *' in Irish oak/' and inclos- in the t. walk of the cloisters; the sides 
ed by a wire lattice, supposed to repre- of the room have several strong saxon 
•ent the unfortunate Robert Curtois, or pillars, and from those there are large 
Curthoise, duke of Normandy, and ekl* ribs, which cross the plain pointed roof, 
est son of William the Conqueror. This partially omaroented neat the great 
npblemaa died in 1 134, after an impeis- window by intersectiops of ribs : be* 
ooment of ^ years in Caerdiff Castle, tweea each great pillar are niches sep- 
and was buried in the choir of this arated by small taaon columns, sup- 
«^urchi he is. delineated in armour, porting semicircular arches. This room 
with the legs crossed. . Many other was fomierly the Abbey Chapter- 
memorials of the interment of abbots,: House; but was converted into a Li" 
bishops, -and distinguished persons, are brary by sir Matthew Hale, and othen, 
distributed through this edifice. The in the reignof queen Mary ; when the 
Qreal Bell, in the first story of the cen- mayor and burgesses were' appointed 
Ite tower, is supposed to weigh 6500 it's guardians. In 1688., mr. Wheeler, 
;pDuDds i round it are th6se words, *^ Me then master of the College School, be* 
ibcit fieri Muncutus nomine Petri :" gan to stock it with books ; it was, 
it's diameter at the bottom is 5 feet, 10 however,^ but an indifferent caUectioo, 
inchesi. The prospect of the sur* till the late worthy dean Tucker made 

rounding country from the summit of a bequest to the library of a mqre valu^ 
the tower, is .exceedingly extensive, able assemblage. The College School, 
and for rural beauty, scarcely to be par*- intended ortgioaUy for. the instraction 
alleled. The Great Cloisters, of youth belonging to the choir, and 

begun by Thomas Horton andcomplet- founded by Henry 8th, i^ held in ao a^ 
ed by abbot Froucester, are the most partment over the Audit Room, at the 
elegant and perfect of the kind in £ng- end of the n. transept. It is now nn- 
land. The external w. wall extends in der the direction of a master and one 
^line from the first n. pillar of the nave, usher. The Lesser Cloisters are sop- 
and returns to a wall continued from posed to be coeval with the -ancient 
tliew« side of the n. transept. The parts of the church attributed tpblsliop 
sides and roof of the cloisters are pro- Aldred, but improved by the more 
fusfiily embellished, and the windows modern mnUioned arches : the Regis- 
are filled with mullions and tracery, trar's O^ce for proving wills, granting 
Two semi-arches, in radii of pannels, marriage licences, lee, is held at the e. 
springing from each side, meet in the entrance: and at the w. entrance is the 
centre, leaving lozenges in the spaces Episcopal Palace ; this has undergone 
between each pair ; those are filled by much alteration under bishop Benson, 
foliaged pannels and circles. The who expended large sums in modem- 
arches of the windows are formed by izing it, particularly the great Hall, the 
others, which rest on clustered pillars : end window, and the Chapel : a taMet 
the number of mullions in the windows of marble has been recently placed 
vary, but the divisions are enriched by over the chimney in the form^, which 
cinquefoils ; and the tracery in the arch- records a visit from their Majesties in 
es afford a beautiful variety of oval pan- the year 1788. The College Green is 
nels and quatrefoils, all of which are an irregular space, partially shaded by 
glazed : the walls below the windows short avenues of lime trees, and sur- 
are variously adorned by pannels and rounded by the Deanery and Prebendal 
laige recesses. On the n. side of the Houses. The Deanery adjoins t;he Ca- 



l^- GlbdESTER. 198 

thedridittiP^ie'fr^t it!s€xtetf«t displays air in a court-yard, 210 feet in length, 
specimens-botli of circular and pointed' and 57 brOad, having a colonnade ac 
arcMsv '-King-James, says Rudder, re- each end, to shelter them from bad 
sid^^thit mansion during the firo^' weather; the same class of. prisoner^ 
he lya^at Glocester, ** anfd Ua th^ aftef- only are permitted to associate togeth- 
nooe of the <^ayafterhis arrival, touch- er. The whole internal economy is 
ed ' iOS- persons in our' lady *s chapel for under the rnanagement of the Chaplain, 
Hid king's evil,-* •• The Walls "were Governor, and Surgeon, whose atten- 
completely demolishi6d soon afterthe tion is rejgulated' by certain rubles, and 
Reito^tlon; and the 'only memorial of who are themselves subjected to the 
the' fidrfrier strength of the fortificatiotis control of the county ma^strates^. This 
now iF^>aiiB?hg, is[ the West Gaie : this building was opened for the recepttoA 
is ittlbattted inland' was erected in the of prisoners in the year 1791 : tbe ex- 
time^ Of ' Hewry 8. It stands bn the pence of completing it, and of 4 Houses 
banks-'^f thie' Severn, at the end of a of Correction, that were erected about 
'^eoRc/ %Tidgei' of -5 arches, built over the same time indifferent parts of the 
that 'iffVel'dwing^ 'the ireignWf 'Henry -2. county,, amounted to 34,373/. 14*. 4//. 
^rhe'bfidge-cbnhecB, on the* w;, with a In the city and suburbs: of Glocester 
catise'^'ikydfstoiie, called Over's' Caui^i were formerly 1,1 Parochial ChurChe^l 
waff. ^hiCh extends 'thfrotigh ' thi IOt^ but those only 0t St. Michael, ^t. 'WTarjf 
tneadff across t^^^Isle of Alneyi to tfie de Crypt, St: Nicholas, , St. Mary do 
distaliceof aberutf aniile: in daF<irettt Lode, St. John's, and St. Aldate, .arii 
t>aiiS tJfatj'tJe'atfch^'havebeWif-Coiii nov^ standinfe; the remainder "having 
«tru«eid; t<rhlch serve as bridg'es'tbad^ been eitKer destroyed" at the sfegeiil 
init thte Waters -to flow off the meadow*. ^1645, Or ^ince taj^itdown. «t.'Mi«Sl 
- .'-Ttie'Gastlfe^t01oceiter,ofWhichifhe aeP* Cburch consists 'of 2 aisles Of ti^ 
y^t'i&MlAs we¥fe destr'oyed a fWyfeaii equal dlhAeiisions, with a square tOwet 
^go, to irtakfe W)Om iot thte Cdunty XJabl', at the nif, end : previous to the r^Ottti'- 
wa« bkjbabiy erected 'about the pei'iod ation, here, were 3 chantries. Tfi'thii 
ofthd'iiotnSaft'HivasiOtt, as the Domes- parish a Bliie Coat Hospital, j^o^alled 
tiaYB6blPreiibttis-that'*^'l6h6useiWere from the habits reseml>lJn^' those' of 
ifeki^H ^'66ii^wi''for Ww site."* Caittden Christ Chtifch^ I^ndon,) in the East- 
^Hfventidhs. ii"'tii teng-'constrticted' of gate-street, was fbtinde^ by sir Thotti^s 
heWii^ stotie'j CftO' in his tinie ft' w«as Rich, bart., who; in the year 1666, left 
*f foPihk^ai^stpm decayed.'" Xft^ a house and 0Odo/:'for th^ purchase 6t 
eastle 'iVas^-tiiWii^fttly held by^ the earls lands, the rents of Which 1 60/. per ^nL 
c/f G16ceatte*/"bvit afterwards becarte num, were to be applied for the petl 
vested ih^ tb^crowni' - The keep had petual maintenance, educating, atid aj)- 
long beeh'ft^i'i'^iatfed ag a'prison : yet, prenticing Of 20 boys. St; Mary'a6 
bfeCWrtt?ng^¥toirtOtra; and beiiig iil most Crypt consists of a ijave,'sid^'aWlfe*l 
I'e^pects imipi'opeir, coramissibners were and transept, vKth a tieat, toWdr, hAvlrfg 
appointed' to erect a hew Gaol; and* a pinnacles, and other ornaments, rising 
grant irf the castle' lands was obtained from the intersection : the e. end ils a£- 
froin his'f^t^ht ntajesty for tliat puri w finished with pihnacles. ' Withfn'it^, 
pose. I S<i)ii'aTt«6rWards; the building of among other' mohuments, is the tonrt^ 
the gaol "Was 'Cdiftmenced, from the de-i of sir Thomas Bell, bart., who'died lA 
sifgnfe, ahd under the direction, of sir the year 1 566, after having founded aA4 
George ^Oiiesiipnifdrtis Paul, bart., whose endowed a neighbouring Alibs-HoiTse, 
indcfttigablcf/atfention to tliie 'interibts for 6 poor pei-soiis. "J^ekrthis C^urc^. 
of 8oci61!y,''Ji8' m'dififested in the plan of are the remains of a Monastery Of Slact 
thtff8tniCti!ire,'and a code of laws drawn Friars, fount<ed; 'abbut the year 1259/ 
up for It'k'goVernment, merits the most by Henry' 3i and'^.{ephen, /^brd of 
unlimited approbation. The Gaol coiir Harneshull. 'The"kitfe of thSs house, 
siitfof 3 diVisi^JW, respectively named, ^ith other iaTidi,'\t:'^g gtamed to the *- 
tMe Penitetidary House, the Bridewell, bove'sir Thomar: Beft by Henrys 8, in 
and the Sheriff's Prison* these have all consideration of tftc iXiXti pf^240/. 5*. 4fi?. 
their ^tinct and appropriate regula- A considerable pArt' of the" Friars* 
tioni. It contain's fibs separate cells J Church, now 'tortVertCd into 'tone- 
Ift* fdir'rieep, 'aiiid'99 for employment, ments, is yCt standing. The remains. 
At^stBted hbdrt,- dnrin.g the* day, the of a Priory 6f GrCy Friars, founded" bV 
pFisonetrare alloweii to enjoy the fresh one of the Loris of Berkeley, arc also 



19^ GLOCfiSTER. 9M 

«lliute4 withio tbit parish. The build- ed origiii^Uy lor Upen, Mil.^i^rWlNH pe- 
uigs were greatly damaged during the riod U uncertain. Tbi^ pt qt t omt now 
•lege in 1643; but tlie walU of the supported here, are 8 poor oieiit % read- 
church are yet entire. The mansion, er, &c. The annual allowance to each 
fitted up from the remains of this Pri- is about 5 guineas. Near tl^s Hospital 
ory, was the residence of Judge Pow- is that of St, Mary Ma^daicOy or King 
eU, a native of this city, whose integri- James's, which owed it's fonpdaiion to 
if, and knowledge of the laws, were the Priory of Lanthony, ao^* ^k^ the 
the means of Jiis promotion to the dig- former, was origioaily iatendBd'fior per- 
nified station which lie held. He died sons alilicted with leprosy. Th^ pv«*- 
Ih the vear 1713, and lies buried under ent establishment coasisu of S^.^omen 
a cbstiy monument in the Cathedral, and 10men,eachof whoinM9<ii|^wed 
On £he w. side of the church-yard is 18 pence weekly. St A14a|»9% or St. 
iprypt Grammar School, founded and £ldad's,pQwa chapei,is)kiheaciBodeni 
endowed by dame Joan Cook, in pur- fabric. ,. Among lh(9 ocjper bepevo> 
ruance of her husband's will, in the lent espibHshmento which eoaiierhoiioi 
31 St of Henry 8, and now under the su-r on the inhabitanu of Gloceafefy may be 
printendance oi a master apd usher, mentioned the County l^^xmsuf, and 
£v^ry 4 years, a scholar is sent from the Hpjafe of Induatcy, T^ ionMr 
ihia school to Pembroke College, Ox* waf built by vqlunta^ -f^QBtnlHstioiu, 
toidf to be there malnuined for 8 years aind opened m the year .17^, . Tk^ me- 
on the foundation of George Townsi- dical gentlemen conn^csted-i.^Mri^ tlui 
^d, esq., instituted in the year 1683, insJtitu^oI9,attend8rat^iUn»sly:; t^roufb 
$f. Nicholas's Church u an ancient shisctrcumstaince,aadtbege9en>ufisn^ 
structure, situated oa the k. «ide of scriptipnsof individufd^tbebaoefitsof 
West-rgate street^ and cpnsisting pf a tbia charity have beea fji^teaded tanp- 
nave and aisles. At the w. epd was a wards of. ^2,000 persq^^, Thpanmut 
lofty spire, the upper part of which was lec^pti. arising . uoqi ,^<4iuita^ ^ona- 
jmlled dowaa few years ago, in conse- lioi^s, an4 t^ interest^of ffuffj^ prop- 
quenip^ of it's decayed and dan^rous erty, s^mount ty> betfir^ODr HQ^Q aad 
«t2te. . K<iar West-^ate bridge, m this 30pp/^ " The House 9f In(k»itr^ wases- 
perish. Is St. Bartholomew's Hospital ^kbij^he^ in the year It'TOSg, wiMh intieat 
a neat and convenient structure, erect** to lescu^ the idle aod fifoQiggate froa 
ed abpvit th^ year 1786, for the resir the influence of vicipm ha)»>cs^ and to 
^nce of 26 men, and 30 women. Each en24>ie them to e^ert ikiw 3ri>il|f ies for 
inmate h^ a separs^e^artmcnt, and 2ir their own use, a^d to Ihe adj^apitage of 
6i4with some other' aids, weekly, for the community » T1)Q in^iiageipaentis 
maintenance. This building occupies directed by 24 goyernorf,:«^|^o.|iavefuD 
pie site, and is chiefiy supported by tlie power fo oblige the able i^ work, botb 
rorenues, of an ancient Priory, the dat^ by rpwaid^' And punv^limaafs ; tit reg- 
ifxhe foundation of which is unce/rtain. ulat^ons for this purp9se affe eattrcaroelj 
5t. Maiy de Lode Church Is situated judicious, and genenUy<^iiisc|aaJI« witb- 
)aearthe west-gate of the College, in out tlie aid of the latter. .Xheclpiefem- 
the centre of a square area. It is an an^- ployment is the making ii^.pUis : tt¥»e 
Jcient structure, but has been injudici- who execute more t|>aa ^^ proportioo 
^sly,r€;paii;ed, without regard to the allotted them, have U^^dtt^dfnt prof- 
jpreyailing style, which is saxon. The its for their own use^.^:!^ ->Tihepria> 
viside displays soine saxoq arches : and cipal trade of Gloces^r;re<|^)lf\frem the 
'the western entrance is through a semi- navigation of the, Se^e^i, from the 
circular arched duor, with three mould- hemp and flax-dressing, bl^siness, sad 
lngs« In the n.. \yall of the chancel is from the Pin Manufacture^ iJbkie Utter it 
the ancient tomb and effigies assigned carried on here to a^far-greaker exteat 
by tradition to king, Lucius, but, more than at any other place; ia. Eoglaa^ 
probably the monument of some con- The Severn is navigable to tlpe wbaif 
tributor towards the building of the near the bridge, for trows> sloqpi, mi 
church. St. John's is a modern build- brigs ; but vessels of more cpnsiderable 
ii^, coiuisting of a nave and aislqs, oc- burthen can only get jip at apriog tlde^ 
cupying the site of an ancient churcli, the narrow channel oitheriver near the 
ascribed to king Athelstan. In this city being obstructed by, rocka^^andsand- 
'parish, but about half a mile n . from the banks. , To remedy^ this incoiivenience, 
city, is St. Margaret'^ Hospital, found- a canal was projeaed/and cioakmenced, 



ftOl GlJOC*EST£R. 2^ 

betwejm BerJtelef 90d Glocettet^ suf- descent eacii way, ii^^feuiiMtlneefli^l 
ficientlf v^paciotts to admit the passage gjeatly contributed to health and cl^n" 
of tiiipl of 400 toiis burthen. miCwar,^ lines9. The cky received it's supply of 
the «6iHinon enemy of the human race, water from springs which arise on lord 
has prevented the accomplishifient of Sydney^s estate at Matson, about Smiles 
thia great design; on whioh 140,000/. southward; and, as appears from ah* 
ius alreiidy been expended, aod on- Cient records, an aqueduct was carried 
fy 4 mileSf out of 17§ completed. thehce to Glocester, for the same pur-^ 

A Bell«Foutidry was established in pose, upwards of 400 years ago. Thef 
this citybefote the year 1500; and a- public amusements are similar to thosd 
bout that time, was conducted by Wil- of most other tespCctablc cities; and 
tiam HansltaW) who' served the office recreation is sought in the attractions o| 
of may0f'4"tliAes between 1500 and a Theatre, Assembly Rooms, &c. A 
1580 i lurthe last 150- years, this busi- more local amusement, connected with. 
m&u Jiai xeMfiired in the RudhaAi fa^i- the purposes of benevolence, is the ^fu-* 
iy, who, ia Ihat period, have cast up- sical Festival, established by the mem-> 
wards of iSOOO bells. The Clothing bers of the choirs of Glocester, Woi- 
Trad^» ftwa whkh the inhabitants of cester, and Hereford ; but aided latter- 
Glocescer fortherly derived their chief ly by the first performers in the king^ 
support* i» now completely lost ^ one dom. The prolits are applied to relieves 
littUing mil) ^only remains. The the necessities of the widows and or^ 

principal tradesmen of Glocester are phans of clergymen; and arise from 
assoeiafied iiito 13 Companies : that of collecdons made at the Cathedral door; 
the Merters, ioclades apothecaries, where the Festival is celebrated. The 
grocers, and chandlers; the Smiths, meetings are held yearly, and alternate* 
atid Hammer^nen, include iron-mong- ly, in each of the above cities, and con« 
ers, catlers, sadiers, and glaziers; to tinue tor 3 days, 
the Metal-men, belong goldsmiths, On the Nw.sideof Glocester is the /f/i». 
braaiers, pewterers, and pin-makers: of Alney, a small tract, formed by the 
the remasfider are. distinct, and consist separation of the stream of the Severn 
of weavers, tanners, butchers, bakers, into 2 channels. This was the scene of 
Joii^ers, and coopers ; shoemakers, tay- contest between Edmund Ironside and 
lors, barbers, and glovers. The public Canute the Dane, after the battle of As- 
business of the city is transacted in the sindune, in the year 1016 : Edmund , 
Tholsey, an appellation supposed to had retreated to Glocester, where form^ 
have been derived from the Toll which ing a new army, he awaited the com.^ 
wais received in it, by the lords of the ing of Canute ; but being desirous o^ 
manor, ^m the fairs and market. The preventing unnecessary slaughter, h^ 
present building was erected about the challenged the Dane to decide the war 
latter end of the reign of George 3, but by single combat. Canute accepted 
has iince been altered. The Booth the proposal ; and, after a hard fought 
Hall, situated behind the inn of that battle, felt himself on the eve of bein^ 
name, ittd' appropriated to the holding worsted, when the suggestions of a 
of the asstkes, and other oountybutiness, subtle policy prevented his overdirow, 
is an andent building ;' thelnterior bon- '* Bravest of youths,'* he exclaimed, iii 
taitif S ranges of timber pillars,' appa- an interval of the Combat, " why should 
rently*oif the time of Elizabeth; our ambition covet each other's lifef 

Very considerable improvements ifi the Let us be brothers^ and share the king-* 
appearance and buildings of this city, dom for which we contend." The gal- 
have been made witlno 'tlie last 60 lant Edmund acquiesced in the proposi- 
yeait* The streeu are now well pav- tion • the rival Princes exchanged anhs; 
ed* and lighted; aiid vist ious e^iices. ftr aAd, after a conference between the 
ptiojec^hsj which obstructed tbe wee chiefs on either side, it was determiii* 
passa^<»f carriages^ have been remov-i> ed, that Canute should reign in the tr.* 
ed. ■ Formerly the houses werecliiefly and Edtttbrid in the s. The greatness 
of timber, which at <sevend pieriods oc« of s6ul, thus displayed by Edmund^ ha4 
casioaed this destruction of a targe pro- not it's deserved 'reward ; for the same 
portiob of the city by accidi^tal fires: year, the Wily Daiie eflF^cted his aisas- 
they, are now principally of b«ick; sination. ' The Isle of Alney Compi«e*v 
From the intersection of the 4 Chief hend«>many acres of fine rich pastuiv:. • 
streeiii, the bmidtngB otfwpf an . ^ tlie nwoyord mt, about dne mtto wc 



60S GLOCESTE&. «04 

from jGlocntev; ws^s the f ito of a large a mpyt beautlfol appeantnte. * - Be- 
Houfe, belonging to the abbou of St. tweea Weitbiiry aoid Newnliaiii^ in a« 
Peter's, aod to which they frequently ^atremely VleUghtfoI vidley, ^or4eting 
letired. This edifice was demolished on the forest of Deao, nFUifit^A^de^, 
during the civil war9, as well as anotb- the seat of sir Thomas Ccawi^ Bovey. 
er, called the Newark, huilt in emula- This was once a monastery forcisterci- 
lion, by a prior of Lanthony^ on a fine, an monks, founded by Roger» Sd eari of 
eminences, of Giocester. The moat Hereford. The abbey was staodmg till 
surrounding the Vineyard House is yet the year 1777, when part of it was de- 
yisiblQ;- the summit of tlie. Hill com- stroyed by fijc. AcoosideraMe^poftiofi 
macds a fine vjew of the city, the river of building has since been ad<}ed,i¥bicli 
Severn* and the Vale. Inns ; tlie has rendered It a desirable sunutfei t&- 

9ell, the King's-head, Booth-hall, the sidence. * Tlie views from the park, be- 
^waPj the Bolt. [See a well digested hind the house, are very OKtessive, 
and enlarged historic and descriptive commandiflgthe valeof Gloceiteryfluid 
account of Giocester, in Bray ley and the river Severn, gay.' with .yesaeU; 
Britton's '* Beauties of England and while the extensive forest of Dean aod 
Wales," whence the principal part of Flaxley*abbey, form nearer objecu for 
the foregoing extract has been obtain- admiration. Tht< wood abounds with 
ed. See also the "Giocester New the most charming walks; atid, while 
Guide."] it affords refreshing shelter from a sum- 

Across the Severn from Giocester a mer's -sun^ admits partial views of -the 
delightful ride is on it's western bank, adjacent country. It lies between the 
TO Newnham, commanding views of 9 rivers Severn and Wye,. -and contains 
the city and it's surrounding vale, with 30^000 acres. The immense quantities 
the long range of the Cotteswold hills, of wpod annually felled £oc:U»e use of 
finely distinguished, and perpetually the navy* have so thinned this forest 
varied by every turn of the road» of it's timber, that it is now> prcaserved 
The tufted eminences of the forest of till a ceruin growth, by act of pariia- 
Dean hangs over on the right, and ment. Iron-works have long been car- 
sometimes in their transient openings tied on in this forest, and immense beds 
present a succession of rural vallies of iron cinders are found, left by the 
sweetly decorated with villages and en- Romans. These cinders, not halfex* 
closures. Advancing, the Severn u- hausted of their ore, are wrought over 
nites it's 2 branches, increases in mag- again ; a proof that the Romaiis knew 
nitude, and begins to sweep the vale in only a weak power of the blast. On 
bold irregular curves, every reach of approaching Newnham, the Severn bc- 
which, more and more influenced by canrc more cof^siderable. 
the tide, and studded with saib, adds . Advancing into Wales from Glcxrester 
Dtw beanties to the landscape. At the to Hereford, a little beyond the 10th 
bottom of the principal swell is found mile stone; on an eminence, about 40 
the little picturesque town of Newn- or 50 yards up the bye-roaKl which leads 
bam. • to Union, is an uncommon prospect 

. A walk TO Newnham is described Over the neat little spire pf the Z.tf0, in 
by the author of the ** Cambrian Diree- the bottom, the copious bRx^ of which 
tory," as interesting ; the country stud* separaten the eounties of Giocester and 
ded with halT^distinguished villas, and Hereford^ and the respectable tow^erof 
enlivened by churches { while the ^e<<^» Church standing upon a knoll 
retrosp^t commands a line view of enrichedvrttb orcharding, P#9^ar«/Gop- 
Robin*Hood's hill, and the dark tower pice Wood appears. Xtisdistingoisbed 
of Giocester cathedral. . At WefU by risjng/to the sw, with a bold head of 
huxy is the spat of Maynar4 Colchester, g«ey rock towards it's extremity, grace- 
esq.: The churchy ^vith a detachqd fu^ /clothed, with, foliage ; and is the 
$pire, stands cl98e toihehiouse*' ..if^t highest object in .that directiovu To 
this> place miperalogis^s will be highly the left, .there is another nearly as 
l^raitilied by a visit to acli^^c^Ue^ Gdir^ pronyinent| now the northernnost ex- 
^i^ or Qolden-clifE; ipost curiously on^ tremity of iheForesi ojf DMa, called 
ctustedwithmnndic and crystals. This th§ ILea Mf^fV* adjoining tp private 
Jt>ckr standing close to th^ Severn, is coppiicea^ a|id an extensive Tange of 
oj^iyacGCssible.at the re^iix.of the tide; woodland* called Bisbop^t^Woodi ^ - In 
' .w))enUlum)paiedbyth9 4^nite^hi}>its tbi^' ptetiireyque opening; which «oo« 



^05 GOODRICH CASTLE, 906 

ducts the eye to the cmmties of Mon- holding holy-water, appears -to balie 
mouth :fiid Pembroke, GooMifCR Cas- been the chapel ; or considering it't 
-r LK stands scarcely out of view on the small size, rather an oratory. A curi- 
left. Behhid, and rather to the right of ous octagon column rising from a mass 
the highest part of Penyard, i« the town of ruins opposite has belonged to » prin- 
of Koss; and nearly in a line over it, ctpal apartment, and roost probably the 
at the furthest part of the vale« lies the baronial hall. A large square tower 
city of HiitETORD. Passing through was the keep, which is said to have 
fViestoiuunder-Penyard, the road enters been built by an Irish chieftain n»iied 
Ross, without any previous view of the Macfcbetfa, as a ransom ler himself and 
tovsrn, except that of the church steeple, his son, who wene held prisoners in the 
A irroHEft WAY, by 3 or 4 miles, to castle. Theve is no doubt but this was« 
Goodrich ferry-boat and castle, than frontier post held hj the Saxons^ and 
first going to Ross, is through the pass many parts of the rum still beara saxon 
j ust described. Leaving the main road, orearly normancharacter.-^J T. Barber, 
the second turning on the left, after pas- Flanesfoid (now caUed-Goodrich) Pri- 
sing; the 19 mile-stone, cross BnuiWs ory, is situated in a fertile vale, about a 
Marsh, by BiUtnUl Lodge and ^per-mill, quarter of a mile below the castle. It 
through the village of Wf^fard: In this was a monastery of black cannons regu- 
route, Fenyord ^arA and chase are on lar of st» Augustine, founded 1347, by 
the right, and Bithcft^ff6od<m the left, sir Richard Talbot. It is now used as 
The whole ride is diversified by rich a bam. 

and vary ing objects. At the FcRHY-irovse may be had good 

To Newnham. 12 nrile., Skrine. t**"*^® refreshment, a g^ide to 

To Chepstow by way of Newnlum, 28 miles, jhew the castle, and a pleasure-boat. 
To Rosa, T8 mUes. «* viewmg the picturesque situations 

Mr. Barberierminateshls excellent account of of the castle from the water. Pre- 

^ A Tour throughout South Wales and vious to crossing the water, it will be 
Moniiiouthihire,'*with this city. weli worth the time and trouble of 

^^^^^r^^^^r^r^^^^r^T'^^^^^^.r^^ walking along the meadows, up the 

stream, about half a mile ; whence may 
Fron Monmouth, 6 miles, Coxe. ^ seen ^o the greatest advantage the 

the wye, Barber. elevation and aspect of the castle. 

GOODRICH CASTLEand PRIORY [See some excellent views of the cas^ 
are the lirsc objects which arrest the at.- tic, abbey, ^c. in Bonner's ^* Itinera^ 
lentioii of the traveller in passing down ry." No. 2. price ^«. 61I.I 
the Wye, who may land at a ferry^ouae After contemplating the venerable 
at the foot of an eminence crowned by remains of this castle, the beauties of 
the picturesque ruins of- the castle, the surrounding country are worth ex- 
The earliest authenticated accounu of ploring, and may be accomplished in 
this casUe, are dated 1204; whenWm. an easjr wiAk. By desoendicig thence 
Marshall, eaii of PeMbroke, had. a grant to the river j and bending a course along 
of it firom king John. It afterwards it's banks, for about three quarters of 
was mhcrited by the Talbot family, of a mile, Copped^Wood Hill ispresem- 
During the civil wars, the king's party, ed. The ascent will be relieved by a 
and parliament's forces alternately ob- perpetual change of scenery. The 
tained the possession of it. At present, northern extremity should be first at- 
it belongs to George Griffin, esq., hav- tained where the current of the river 
ing been purchased with the manor, by dashes against the base of the rock ; 
his father from the duke of Kent's trus^ whence it glides in a hor^-shoe course 
tees. This castle stands upon a small of 5 miles ; and revi«its the hill again at 
pR>moiiteryfiearthesB.extremity of the it's southern extremity, at the distance ^ 
county of Hereford. When - looked up only of one mile across the neck of land, 
to froni the wye, it beartf a proud and Penyard Park and Chmtj form a noble 
. foMhidable aspect. A deep trench, back scenery ; and Bis/utfi'M fV^od, inter- 

^ yards wide, is cut in the rock round sected with small groves and thicket^ 
tl:^ walls, leaving a narrow ndge which diversified wkfi rocks, neat cottages, 
crosses the moat st the grand entrance, and detached enclosures, presents 9 
0»etiteriiigthegateway, a small apart- striking peculiarity of style. If yoo 
menu to the left,* with an ornamented ?ro<c s bo a little further, to a small white 
gothie wiadowiand » stone qhalace for bQildioi£^> formerly thi? residence of ^ 



SOTn GOODRICH castle^ 908 

tabbit w^unener $ yau command a vi«w Walking one 4ay with biaioOiKWbaAad 
of the counties of Ueteford, Moomouth, been ioBg roairied witbottt issoe* he 
SaWp,. Wqrcester, and Glocestct, in challenged him to leap over a.,|;ate. 
£ngWd{ and tboce of Giamorgan, The fon. attempted it without anccets; 
Brecon, and Radnor, in Wales. The on which the okl gentleman yankeil o« 
leH distant parts of the picture are en- ver it with gieat agility, adding, ** As 
lichqd by the village of Huundean, 3 I have cleared the gate for youaolmniu 
mik^ to the i^, in the forest of Dean* e'en provide yon with an heic" And 
i^pearing hence on the sunMait of a he fulfilled iiis proposal by espousing 
beiMtifttl lawn, winged by firs and for* at the «^ of 75, Agatha, daughter of 
est oaks, with the river at it's fooc To John Berrington, esq., of Cowame- 
the w. appearsthe spire of Ross, rising court, Herefordshire, by whQm he left 
ou^ of lofty elms* In the circle^ nearer a son and three daughters, 
to view, are the villages of WhJLtchurch, In proceeding to Ross, the first S 
Goodrich, Croose, P^ncreeky and WaU miles traced by mr. Barber, was a bri* 
ford. For a mile in length the surface die road, which he says might with, e- 
of this hill is nearly level, exceedingly qual propriety be called a ditch ; bat 
irtcasant, and safe, whether on foot or he bad frequent views of the proud ru- 
An horseback. Proceeding along the in of Gopdrich. Castle, towering above 
path, yon have in view the old mansion, it's incircliog groves ; which, -vasious. 
venerable woods and hanging gardens ly combining with the surrounding 
oiCourt-Field. Henry Prince of Wales, landscape at each succeeding station^ 
bora :13&S, at Monmouth Castle, and proved a new and delightful object, 
therefore called Harry of Monmouth^ " Crossing the Wye at Wilton bridge, 
was -nursed here. The cradle is now at a sliort distance above, on the low 

in the possession of Whitehead, western bank of the river, appear the 

esq. of Hambrook, French Hay, near mouldering towers of IVilton CastU, a 
Bristol. From the excellent quarry of norman structure, once the. haronial 
this place, the stone was supplied for residence of the Greys. Seveial pleas- 
building the bridge at Bristol ; whence urc-boats, with awnings, handsoniely 
an interesting view may be seen of fitted up for the reception of company 
Bishop' i Wwd Furnace, Here, and at that would navigate the Wye, ate raoor- 
the New-Wear, business seems to have ed by the bridge. The distance from 
found a convenient situation even in re- Ross to' Chepstow, in a stniighti iiae, is 
tirement. The village of Udbwok, not more than Idimiies^ buiiQwipig to 
whence the city, and greatest part, of the sinuosity of the river, (he, irayage 
the county «f Hereford, are supplied by water is nearly 38 miles. JbeJ^foiu 
with coal} the churches of ff'elsh and descend with the current, an<l>are|owr 
JEngluk Bicknor, and Sianton ; ^nd For- ed back by men : this laborioufr task 
est of Dean» contribute to the iurid)- may acoouot for the expemsive hke of 
mentof the view. When arrived at the a boat, which I understood* My* i«r* 
extremity, which is bounds by the Barber, (o be three guineas* 
river, a range of massy and stupendous I eamesUy adyise every truveU^r of 
rock«, on the summit of the opposite ta«te and leisuve, pr^eeding.^ fthe 
shore, excites an awful admiration, way of Ross to Monmottth, not lo neg* 
The largest and most elevated of these lect the beautiful scenecy of .the «iver. 
rocks is called Symond's Yd or Gate ; He may tAkeooe of the boats ^Qi^ if be 
and is often visited by large 'parties, |>refer riding or walking, he ma^ei^oy 
in the summer months, for the sake it's principal charms by seyensins ny 
of the extraordinary prospects from journey from Goodrich; whenee^cross- 
it. fVelsh Bicknor church, lies uig Hensham ferry, he will proceed a* 

at the distance of about half a mile mongpileasattt roeadowsontiteiBttigia 
from. Court«>field, and is visited by the of the streami In front of th^'«uWime 
antiquary on. account of a sepulchral grandeur of the Oi4fcoetfnN;Ar.| Ihearat* 
.effigy, said to represent the. countess cending the isthmus of ap 'iaoMeMie 
of Salisbury,; who nupsed Harry of peninsulatgd rock called ^^ « »>i ¥ s . <ga<<» 
Monmouth, or Henry S. Mr. Coxe at the heif^tof 2000 feet above th«^tiirr 
concludes his history of the proprietors face of the river, he wiU enjoy.a wvcry 
of tliis manor with the following anec- i^tive praspect-of it's snaxy-exlent/aad 
dote ol the vigoiirous oild age of an the, grand scenery around^ 'Fwift-t^ 
ancestor of the present p^FopripHV. yicinity ttfGiHidrich.theWyeHirjWil^ 



209. GRESFORD. Glt(mK»IT. GWYNDY. ^10 

coursettiroogha jiamw.v^^yipclo^ oiice..foniied a b«ttMi [MMt^ . 41 ;ts ile^ 
by towering woody 'mounuUBs^ i^ $^ed by -d strong dikes^aad fo«|es« cue 
struggles in mor^; lifl[u^e4 confines, a$ros% the xiaiT(]rYv. ist|tmu» wiiicli eo»r 
where ^iiotrw^ \>ro9ks. piufl«e ibietr i^/s^s,it tQ.. higher paris <»r the parUh« 
naked peBpendicutoc<sidet late the body in ene comer of. ihit post is «. vast ««« 
of the; ttvena. 'JDeaeending ^otn ' t^e ploratory nvoum. On the right oi 

\oitf neck o£ the.pQninsu(a/wJ2icli,i« the road, within a inHe of Wi«xham^ 
but ^00 yards across in a direct line; al^ ^^pqn. an elevsttton, lies Ack^Pmrk, the 
thcMSgh the 4^tcuit of the river round t^ sf^s^ of Foster Cuolitfe, ..hart. Se verid 
rocit is upwardaof 4 miles, he will :^|;i4^ paintings by B^ker of Ba^^ are mueii 
himaeU in a ^eep valley of astonishing admired. . 
grandeur, formed on one side by the ro« To Wr«xhamr4 inUe»> Wisfdhim. 
maotic precipices of the peninsula^ axKi 
on the other \>j the iJ^eat Poward, ;a 
h^ge stratified limestone, mountain, 
studded with; iime^kUns aiid cottag^es^ 
At the Nevo^lf^er ^e.wiU recross the 
rivec, and soon jpm the turnpike, to 
Monmoiith."r-Tj.lC', ^arber. 



— Chester,.? miles, 5krinc. 

— Llangollen, 14 iQileSf Peanant. . 



■Cflxe 
— lt«M% Smiles, Barber. 



From. Chester, 6 miless Wyndbam. 
->— ^ Wrexham, 4 mties, Skrine i Pennaqt. 



From Monmoolh, 11 miles, Barber. . 

GROSMONT, Monmouthshire, ia|| 

pleasing little village, situated in an i|n- 

dulatiiig valley, divetsifi^'d with wood 

ToTfaiterB-Abbejr, d«mi>thfeW7e,9 ;m2M4 ^^ pasture, and beautifully accgm- 

"^'^'* ' panied by the meandering itfonii/MP* . 

On an eminence near the village, and 
{welling afcove the rtver is the pictur- 
esque ruin of it> Castle ; a pile of no 
great extent, but well disposed, and 
^,«^«,^^nTx ^ ^ jj .. profusely decorated with sbrubs arid 
GRSSFOm or Cfoes-I^dd a vd. f ^h^ ^^ ^f ^his structure is ir- 
lageofDenbtgh8hire,isrem^edcbiefc .^^^i^,. ^^ circular towers cover 
lycm account of *t's beautiful chwh. ^^^ angles of the ramparts; within 
which has e bells. It is placed upton ^^^ ^^^ traces of the baronial hall^ 
muig ground at the end of the village, ^nd other apartments, and beyond the 
buat^f free stone, mtengthias feet,' ^ountare some remains of the baibiJ 
m breadth 59. Thf tower is quadrant ^^n, or redoubt, and several entrench: 
galatrit'^ height 90 feet,. Upon it^i n^^nts. All the door and windo^v 
sidcia a fincstatneof'^HeiiTyT.^ Tte ^^^^^^ are pointed Gothic, and of the 
1. window, which^measures 21 feet by proportion in hse about the l5th cen^ 
14,h»S;beefioniamented wuhbemt^ f^J^ tut the foundation 6f the castle 
fill gronpes, app«wmg tp opntam tiM j, Jupposed to be coeVal With that of 
hittoryjcrftcvoraUssjits, with so«e fig* St^nfeth's. the cbnrdi is a 



ufcswof the 'Virgin Mary «*htec«iit*e:j lafge gothic structure, in the form of a 

^«^^^fS^9,*^*^o^ce%^n.h^ romair cross; and, witK it's octagon 

praise. The Virgia ^hi^torydrnamensi towet,andhightapeHng8pire,isacon. 

the «« window of «he north aiSJe... ' jpicubxis ornament to the village. Gros- 

In the 8 aisle is a. figure ooiApltftely ^^nt was formerly k tb^n of «omfe 



arined with ttmU a. snrcoat and tonad 
heinet, wilh a lion at his -leec 'His 
shieid has also the l^ce of a iion upon 
It. The following inscriptton is.ti|xm 
the ledge of the tomb : " Hie jacetM»( 
doc ap Llewelyn apGi?ttffydd.^' Then 
is a similar figure in the w. isle. 



note. Many exterior traces of build- 
ings, atid raised caraeWays, constructed 
like rbman roads '^^ large blocks 6t 
hone diverging from it, prove it*s an- 
tique extent iind1mportatjc6 to )i^v6 
fieeti considerable.' The fegend 'of thlli 
jil4ce recounts wi9i VotubliB ^arne^hess 



feiheiiei^ilKmrtoodjof Gre^ th6 exploits ofthe^rt^ptrted hedoiii^- 

iacktoMohmotit}!, ^rber. 



th6jb9tiwf^fis«rit^,a:hQiiseburnt'do(Wii >.^^ TnAnhfl^^ 



lost thewKiirthy imdres^CfcaMe family 
of* th&;«takevliios,r wh<^ settled therft 
soon alter therestomlifXQ. At the 

eatroMityof ithelolty sihpe whi<;h tsnr 
pendt^er.Ahe pHiipft, sfiRMbng an? e» 
tttmiyrvie»v:lQ^ lUifidk^tKi* a^pem is AirflomforuhUstiAOfc m. i^xi^Wf^i 



-r— Hol^headf li^milair Pemj^nt. 
^WYNE>Yifth.e'W^»*fcWMfe6d4>oiiiM3) 



ail HAFOD. ' 515 

Holyhead, heu the centre of the it- of nature reared thie scene in ttapcnd- 
land. In the reign of Edward 4, and out majetty. 
tttbtequently, parties met here to ex- — ^—"Aionf Sedate, • 

ercite in wrestling, tournaments, and withwoodto^rimng, 8c ihacM w hhgjof ro^ 
other feaU of activity. Near thit ^*»f« o" e«h htiid Hit fpaMmg waiim ptoy, 

place, on the great road, is BorfjfeA««, -od down fl»e rough ot«dewhtfe darting fen.- 
an ancient building, once the teat of we passed, enamoured with thit inces- 
Rkyi op Uenelyn np Hwikyn, a patent sant tho* congenial yariety of our sub. 
man in the time of Henry 8. He was ject. After Visiting the cold bath, a 
first sheriff of the county, and made hit small sequestered building, a mazy 
house, (now converted into a bam) the walk romantically traced by the side of 
county jail. The dungdon yet remains, a brawling torrent, and amid tamgled 

To Bangor, continue to Porth^th- shrubberies, led to a small cascade; 
wy ferry, thence Up a steep road. and soon after a su|)erior waterfall en^ 

To Holyhead, 1^ milei. Biaglcy. I^apd our atlen^on, where the whole 

— Bangor, l6aUcs, Ptanant TOlume of the Ystwlth bursU oVer a 

ledge of rocks in a composition truly 

.^<^y^.^,^-^.^^^^>^,^->^.^^^^>^ grand and picturewjue. But a scene of 

^ rrom Pont yMooach, Smiles, Barber; Evansi awful sublimity disclosed itself on ex- 

Skrine. ploring a dark cavernous t>assage ia a 

Rhayader, 17 miles, Malkm j Wam«r^ ^^^ ^^ reaching it's extremity, where 

two waika. ^ j^jf^ cascade of transcendent beauty, 

HAFOD. This charming place oc- throwing itself over a strata of black 
cupying a deep narrow valley, watered rocks, bounded close to the opemng of 
by the Ystwith, is the creation of 7%o- the cave, and shrouded the aperture 
mat Johnet, Member of Parliament for with it's spray, as it became engulphed 
Radnor, whose persevering genius has in a dark chasm beneath. The tower- 
compelled a mantle of wood to grow on ing mountains, clothed with myriads of 
rocky precipices, where nature seem- oaks, which environ thit remarkable 
ed to deny the access of verdure, and valley, afibrd a diversity of walks and 
who in his elegant and useful projects combinations of view, to describe 
of further improvement, gives employ- which words would be inadequate, and 
ment to the country around. A hand-, prove at best, but tedious. We were 
some park-gate announces the entrance told that a walk of twelve miles scarce- 
to these delightful grounds, and the ly comprises a complete lurvey of tlie 
thundering of an unseen waterfall forms grounds. Being limited to thne, our 
a grand symphony to the ensuing spec- perambulation was confined to a much 
tacle, which discovers such an assem- smaller space, yet enough was seen to 
blage of beauties, of cheerful walks, convince us that this is one of the most 
and silent glens, of woody precipices* delightful rural retr^ts in the king- 
shadowy glades, garden thickeu and dom< . The mansion was a hand- 
waterfalls, that, compared with the tome modem edifice, in the gothicityle 
iiarren wilds of. the surrounding coun- of architecture, and the general outKne 
try, it seems a second paradise rising of the building pleasing, but we had 
from a newly subdued chaos. Upon a tod of it in one place, as built ** in the 
spot judiciously' cjtibsen, where the most correr/ taste," and in another as "a 
banks of the valley, geatly incline* an^ mansion in the Jiaiian style," yet found 
the coverture of loTty woods afford a it a heterogeneous jumble, wherein a 
shelter 6rom the borth-deastern winds^ bastard sort of greek and saxon archi- 
ttood the Mansion, wit(h'a.slo^mg lawA lecture was blended with the prevail- 
in front, comma^diivg a comprehensive ing gothic. We understood the house 
view pf the cncbajnting yafley. On ivas Jnteroally richly fitted up, and 
putting ourselves, says mir. ^arber, un^ furnished with an excellent library, but 
der the direction oi th« gat^^uer, we did not' visit it, for tho* what amounted 
were first led to the kitchen-gar<den, tozdepiand of 5 shillings for the gw- 
furnished witli' extensive fording hous- dener'i attendance was wUlmgly paid, 
es, and replete wi^h every necessary yet another such sum, which we found 
appendage* The flower-garden, also, would be required by the housekeeper, 
displayed appropriate charms { Mitfr^ni we suspected might be mdre than the 
these atchietieraents of art we tumedi exhibition^ of any welch house was 
withostregitt, to where the bold band worth." There is something tmltor- 



S13 ' HAFOD. «14 

thy-^f ft gi«ac cbaracter^' in aUowin^a hanging On tiie moimtaifi udes, in long 
servant to tuive: unlimited expectations array, sometitnes risioir to the top,>but 
from 9tTan;geTS;:; This linporions tax of tener contrasted by the naked liige^ 
on UiG' curiosity ' of • the pubUc ' has some planted there by nature, yetnfiirtt 
be^i apologized for by the circunntance ewe their luxuriance ta the welli<direct- 
ofit^s acting as- >a. bar upon Hhe low4 cdeffbrts of their owner j tracts of cuU 
er i;anksof society ,,wiu> might incUneto tnration, • picturesquely circumstanced^; 
in(c^de. ..A^ serv^t might place- ^. breaking out in the^ distances, 'and de- 
stjTong a bar.^Si.beintght choose, upon stroying the uniformity. This point of 
$he <$tfanf «r whose' pippearance he ^\s* view is still further adorned by cbe 'ele^ 
liked,. :tho.' a pecuniary consideratiori gant spire of a. beautiful new-^erected 
ivas not lA ^question. A plan iac. mote ' little church diftigned: by Wyat, emjbuda 
b€!C:Ofttinga4ibefal mind in possession of soroed in the highest woods of theop^ 
» splendid Xortuae,.WQuld be to appoint posite hill. The ascent to the church 
one servant, < as.-a Guide, with- reason^iM is steep^ butthe path sebure and smooth', 
ble wages, i9n condition that hd npver Diescending by. another richly sylvan 
accept^ of jnoitey, or whenever a da»^ path through . the hanging wood, ,we 
covery of btkch tbi^ach of. contract was come out at the bottom of the Mill Cas* 
inade, it should be the certain.token of c^de. Here > a simple alcove adds» ah 
an ensuing dismitsaL The attention of unobtrusive decoration to a spot frown- 
such a persQn.to.straQgersx:ould not oc» inguponthe higher ptetensions of art. 
cupy mote )bhan^8a»all portion off ime. The fall is seen, most advantageously 
Tti^se remarks are not intended to ap'^ from the building, at the disunce of 
'plyinvidiousiy to the worthy proprietor some hundred feet. Between it and 
pf Hafod, but as objections to this prev- the alcove there is a rustic foot bridge^ 
alent indulgence of servai^tsj bygentle-i which assiste much in the composition 
men of large possessions. of the picture. A path leads through 

The following account of Hafod, is the woods, with occasional spots of pas- 
abridged from Mr. Malkin's excellent ture^ and tillage, seen through the open- 
work on the Scenery. &c. of S. Wales." ing vistas, to the carriage road to the 
The^ntrance to Hafod at the shepherd's honse. A sudden turn, most judicious- 
Cot, after a steep descent from Pentre ly managed, brings the stranger unpre- 
Brunoint Inn (as described under Rhay- pared, ^Umost before the portico of an 
.. AUE«), is the least striking of all the en- elegant mansion, built'in the modern 
trances, and therefore perhaps the best, gothic style, by mr.. Baldwyn of Bath, 
For some little way appears the rough- the situation of which was admirably 
ness and disorder of a new creation, chosen. The lawn slopes elegantly^ 
High as the ground is on which we stand, but naturally y down to the water ; and 
the filterior prospect is intcrscepted by si immediiiteJy behind H rises a most 
mftssy rock, of great compass and eleva- beautifully wooded hill. Majestic 
tion> ,This barren rock has been sub- woods, reaching to a great extent akmg 
mitted to the planter's hand, with prac- the acclivity; at once protect Jind adorn 
cal success. Th^e joad winding round the chosen spot; -while the sheep-walks 
this promontory ,( and escaping from it's - on the. other side the Ystwith, toppedhy 
obstructions, suddenly opens on such rocks, which jut into the clouds, add to 
9n assemblage of beauty and. grandeur, the uncommon style of nature* -by 
stretched out to the .very limits of the which we are surrounded. '' 

perspective, as few spots in this island But the principal walks, and those of 
can equal with respect to singularity, great extent, are on the opposite side of 
and the surprise which is excited. . Af- the river. On crossing the lawn ftom 
ter travelling at tlie foot of PUnlimjDDoa» the house, there is anappropriate woodi 
to find the bed of ihe Ystmth, with it's en bridge over the: Ystwith. Keeping 
groves and m Wows, still far beneath along the ro^ to the farm, you soon be- 
the ^evel on which we are standing, is sp gin to rise fr6m the valley m whieh the 
unexpected a circuinst^nce) that we 'r»» house and gardenr^are embosomed, 
th^etr starts as at the withdrawing of a 6utr The roadJeads to the top of the moun- 
tain from before a picture, tiian belieye tata; but after having ascended > some 
it ^.reality. . . T.hp .lyinding of the tivert tMiie„a narrow |Mith to the left, easrried 
here iioainin£ imp^t^o^sly over focki^ «p<^n a very high level, cut with great 
ihere- spreading, it^s,, broad and glasly kUk>ur out of the^ solid rock, Teadi 
surface, Uk,)^ ajla>^3 tj)^ eDdlestMsoods, ttimugh tbe^nost nomanttc fei^essd^ ^ 



|2li» HtfOD/ 116 

thii&nthreilMigplaDe: fivlileiilyaiintt IitlrootdftheliridgQMilkaedfitaiice* 
of toGk seems to slop^ all further pam the s tsom cdmet tumbliii^ over in a 
gteity batonappnbdhiDffU, the solid cosdaued ftdl ol about 100«feet, in- 
■Aomitain is lound «i> be perSoraimk eluding that part of it whsehhar alrea- 
Afierthit dark chasm* the path ivindt dybees described. The pertioo bere 
round the front of Aroeasypromontarf,- presented to our admii«tion» is where 
wbidi uafoMs, frbm.it's awful heights; the over.aowiBg of the^deep boiler pro. 
iiiuUview of the beautiful and subkimd jects itself angularly ov^er the amooth 
effeeta -combined in tlus exeraopdinary fock* and leaps ddwn the ledgea of it's 
d«Rnain. Standing on a narrow ledge» nigged and precipllate deaceri**- io a 
half way up therock^ with a perpenditt broken shower ot stormy foam. AU 
ouiav precipice below and another of. e-* ter having crossed dMS torrent, at the 
qual height abov«» we: hare on osw bottom of it's pei^ndicular fall, and 
side^ the rirer sweeping thtougti the exhausted the topies of cMtemplatioB 
vaUey, aod dividing it into equal paits^ upon kfs brink, We may lolkyw it's 
hazmoniokisly comeapondiDg as well in seec^ declivity on the ■ northem aide, 
magnifieence as • extent : on the other tUlit joins the main'river. ' The path 
side^ tfi^ largest of many of those moun^ is. oommodious- and agreeably dhrersU 
ttta torrents which embelHah or make fied.> After 'descending a itow paces, 
grand this glorious scene, forces it^ » resplendent little rttl trickles down 
way down to join the Ystwith, it's roar the rock above our beads/«Ml coatracu 
loud and incessant. .Cultivated fields, it's idiniinutivebeaeiieswilh the great 
intermixed with alLthiswiUbeaucyysi caacade* The aoene is'iuMraPW and 
tuoge of opposite hills, tlhe elegant tortuom, lofty, and oii<eirshadowed; a 
church spwe, andtheir coocomitant ob^ little fall, at every angle» arvests anen- 
jects cany ^ admiration from point to tion ; below, the tugged bottom seeeis 
point, causing us to hesitate whether to yawning to receive ut; behind, the crag 
prefer the nearer or more distant ob* projects above our heads. At length 
lects, the ruder, aspect of natuve in her the dingle joins the more extended val- 
majestic mood, or the judicious efforts ley; a long and steep descent of rude 
of sensible and modest art, toigraft oon- steps, conducts us to the arti^ial dam. 
venience and) improvement en Che pe-^ A piece of gracing ground, #enew»bor 
euliarities of mountain sceaeiy, with^ acquadotance with the impetuous Yst- 
out fighting tastelessly against it's chairs with;. After crossing it by the stone 
acter. On eoMrging from the fdiest, bridge and again crossing the other 
vfe aoon arriveupon a^umulously form- lUowMainbrookbelow the mill>'cascade, 
ed kooll,>loftf , 'vevdantk and unincum-* wededine into a sheltered Wdk, level 
besed, which commands a still more li^ith the ri^ier, which leads us to the 
eaUieDaive iprospem of ^e valley, and flower garden. 'There is another flow- 
tUfces m neatfFfi the whole of; Hafod^ er garden, to which strangers are not 
Gominuing round the brow of this ma^ admitted. Almost- behind the wall of 
jeslia hill^ iwe. suddenly close in upon the lower garden» ttiere is a very grand 
the Woofe, which foEmava renrarkable iook. The top is a natural platform, 
feature in. «these grorioids.. A cascade on which is erected a -column to the 
of gteatlwcemifiouncesitMf. A dark memory of the late duke o^ Bedford, 
hollow iorthe rock «ittrootsour notice The cold bath is the only (oibject, to de- 
on the right. The::terBnination ior^ tain the attention, In the sequestered 
saafds of the passagoseematodisappoiilt |>ath^om thelower flower'.garden to the 
our ^pes, when, on turning suddenly lawn : but there are ihany other walks 
to. the (left, a rude apsiture admits the enlarge compass atid extehslve variety, 
light.Aoda|iparkiiiig«sh0Otof wateriii aibotttthe grounds, not to be explored 
froiiit^ urges it's p|df petidtcnlar ftaiitom th< aiingle day. In' partkular the toad 
the .toekrftbove intoii deep hole beiow tbwsrds Yspftt^ y4fw^ft,'%hich iseio. 
tbOfCavie/ • The :/mos« striking feature; (lueiMly desctibedby Mr. Cumberland 
ift^heiumi&ous appearaaoe of the ieami> imhis successful *' Altempt to describe 
ingelement,)seen£rOmsoilark.astatkm, Haft>d,<' a pamphlet of 50 pages, well 
fttHterfaig, as7if.wiikh/gdma; <• Aiief aravtb consukitt^ byth^se who intend 
deMittidiiigvby.stepBof)oose8late,.6MMii to eixplore Haifod in every direction. 
theemiiMnoeiathirhiClBthdiHntjetofibe Respcaing the grounds jttHafbdyOoe 
^hcde 4irQ0k Ss» seeb, a rode bridge plealsing reflection majr be made. 
l(eadfeaeioBihe«liMselaif jttoeiturmitl ^M^moit of th^ fltie tesid^ntes are 



^17 HAf01>i tia 

k's infancy. ;. la. 17^ wl)eoin^Jofa|n«a y$»r8' puMcsQit* Nii^.catftkgue oi'tbife 
detertniAed iq aetU^ bere» it WM a.wiA^ tRea^uv^ was eyc^iiMi^c. Mrs^JohtiA 
tiecness. In 1S03 tiafod was a«. here aad,mi^ WilUains tbAik)iittiat.tbe,4aHnt 
described.' Frojfiv October 1195 tOiiWi weie vponfhQlgMrQt^oQr.whcn tjbcf 
pril 1801, the sumber o£ tre^ planted ftrose*. Mi;B.vJpneftatmhiated the mi»*- 
on this e^ta$^ aipounted . to 9,05^,000^ iftnm^ t« MM»,^»rPie&$ uie ^i awATil^ng 
o{ which i >200,000 were larches^ withi- p;Ma» in thq hoM»p)i««IP9r'8 chanbftr ; the 
out including the.land sown with »cotit«# hpuaerkeepei: charges tbe hojate^Muds 
The agricultural plan here pursued ha« >i^ith taking bpt a^es icoin. uodepitilt 
been given to th^ public, in a snaU grate and leaving , them, ia s€atdfii»j(US>> 
panni>hlQt called "A Caerdiganshire der (he.staifSi'iml^iadof e«>ptywgth|Km 
JLandloind's Adykc to his Ten^te/'^ in the.prop^i? pll^e^ Jhe seclvideaEib' 
The number of labourers employed a« tuation of Ifafod {wevented assistteces 
t>Q|ut the farm is very great, aod tbeit npo^coul^i be.pWaioedbutfros^lt^iiir 
comfortably cottages intetsp^tM >r mates» 3 ]«^i.8|id.tlie gardetu^>r9^ kb> 
mong the iwpods, with the hausQ«of the ^m$ and. sihout 8 iemaie servaAtbi yAii 
baiUff jfuid gardener, aspiring eyen to engine. w^M^iwdf^ iipoi^thepi»mafi% 
eleg^ce^ convey ,more the.ideai oC a bvt.iu) one pr«sfl&t> c^M itork iti;..iifae 
flourishing q^lppgr, than of » j^vivam ii^mei ttof 0f^K€^^ i^fe umntcrfiiifift 
gcmtlenian*s resij^enee. , ■.. .r c : ..j s4AAi<h^irj?»>©fei;^8othatittthe<hlMt 
. Thecoppdei^^incommoQ^ritlitei^er^ ipa<;e<>f ^jhnvr^i ^]H}fy[>t the kimetaJt 
friend toie^^ning and ihe i>oiU0artS| jthecofoer^ytheibar^walUonlysemath^ 
joins in UfoejfitiinQ (he .total l$iM, by Hre^ «d, ^ m0)9»clipiy. meiP&nto of the^«ii> 
of the.e)egal9k!t2^ldiQAgnifipellt.ll>9l>ttPO WEi:,»pJle»dflwr,pf..ite».ptece, r .^ 
of Uafod,^ residence 9f »^Mi/wl«>te Johnef wMiA»»fQAt^«nding bts>tiaid2a' 
9am^if the rapturpus theme oi etftry misptary 4i|tk^j»9d did not arrive t» 
tiay^l^ir'yvrhp lias visited this pBi» ciC'the Uie spj^ice p£ ^.ff^mily^ tiU Wedlicsdaiy 
prificip^i^y. ^hi^. direadfiuin a^d^nl ^ 13ith mumX-^' The conduct of ms. 
occur^on Friday t^e )3Ukof Marehf |Qh»^V WPq: ^.Auffered ^verelyi.!!^ 
1807<,at.*qi{?irfiept.pafff 3 in.ihemmnte t^s m^Uui^hi^T ^^^^ i^ in the highett 
ing, w^j?fifnrs. Johnes was awaHoned by degr ee^honpurilhle to his character.^, am 
the , ftre,,^4 imBiedi^tely ;iiar.mcid the is. a»^ of th^^fmt»T» of the BritUKend 
family,. ..Mr^.H^nbury WiUiaimi, :Qf Imjpen^iivr^fllpfw )«M entitled to. dsc 
Coleb^k» i^^^r U$k;» in Mttamqutb-r pf»i9e.ol^.U)¥^T^ty> Jhe e;tt6«t o£ tbe 
shire, wasatjtbehpi^se onavilit.., Km los^iM ^M.it.hi»ft bef^n poasible^ta %si- 
jfohnes and her ^s^ztim aftempted l» ceK^im a loss of . w^. vast «nd lyarii^ 
save spme pf thQ princji>ajl books m ihe m^gfliuid^, llMr.^Qli intimated, ^-imi 
gallery,butcbuldnptit«i^ there long 4^hhPt(y wJbO!:A(:tf4.aft agent, for; 'faofii 
cnougii tp render muejii $ervi.ce. Mn ol$pes>!W*ih giefK^biUty> penpkuiiy 
Williams./^ his servant cpn^)leteJor fm4 judgment. Jt was finely a^u^tdd 
cleare4 lour book-fCfts^ below of tlicir m<»0,5$M- . Witk that entbitsMBiA 
conte^^, ii^wl^ich ^meiiheleftdpoudBg which W vuv l^hm^ to devote hm^it 
down ij»4hQwers^d$a?e them thence^ ^dfonupetPitlj^fif^atipn^faparadiisii 
Jhe plate and.some Ipyniture^ piptiwss^ x«^t pf » WiildVDess» he : in|end^:«ili lb 
china, ;^.d|r4asi^^^eres»ved, btitthe va»r inhabit, h»Ji4«l)> in.«pite of thit:fltaii« 
j.or paf^ pf the brooks, fnimitnqe, imcU^dr Jmnii^f». lUMi st«U'iQ9i divide Mft>itfiirdl 
ingmagii^eotFreacji glasses* wuK^ J^isiire J>«wee» ^gncuUufal im|>K«w^ 
^inen,T [Stores,. , parhk}. b««U, 9¥>fai<:> IPH4IP ai}d^feriry,la|)0»vs. Most.men 
musical . i^strnmeiHs, prpameAts^ . iiif». wpuM i^iin^iit >tqo- Ute iu Uie ^o senate 
Johnqs's privaifi library. 4^eMingtftlfite* ,Wf}?fc il.lfi««»d icim« ; byt letiu JMfie 
jewels,, ^inkets, lace, and aU her wardr *o *ee.a K^immxmo from the aobas^^d 
robe, together with the m9tt«ion>' were 2^d tp ppNf j^ H^^^i^t and.Cpmines 
fonsumed; From the period pf tb^e desr Snm the tas^, pn^ which h^s ^^tfiaAf 
tnictipn of the Alexaixdrian litory. up j^t(«ediFfoiftS9rtK Joinville^: 4ful' le 
^eater ^ps«, perhaps, has befatieo liierr JU^^viere^ThrGeo, Mag. iof ApriU >U> 
^ture than the ponf^^giration .at Mifod^ Aiv..M^„to N^y^ and the Ath^Mnim. 
bywhichwasco«9umedacQUei»>vwpf Tiie.^>tto^ing description will jcme 
many very rare^and expensive volumes jp «h6w ^v4^tlhls., building wai« bat 
a fine collection of welsh mM¥r J|irh^itis.M>lpp09. Jbi the half 

»crit>ts, ^n4 pthej i^y^alp^lefir^icleffi w^feuiwi^ lW^>^|tia«seft by Hodca^ 



S19 HAVDD; 220 

frdikv pawag^ft in- Hie life bf capttfiii weNet within the precindto of Hafod, 
C6ok. A Newfoundland Dog by Opie: by Jones, the Cambrian aitisL Almstof 
A'hbrse and a spaniel by Gilpin. A the late dake of Bedford, by KoBekens. 
froit piece by Michael AngeloCaravag- The Anti-library was arranged in the 
gio. Still Life, probably by Roestrae- form of a chapel, in which were placed 
beo. * Sir Charles Hanbury Williams, a tome very cuhous painted glass. A 
copyi from Mengs. The portrait of a la* bust of lord Tburlow, by Rossi, 
dy; * A bust of Caracalla. Lava from The< Library was an oCtagon, sarroand- 
VeittYitts. In the Music Rooms, the cd bya gaUery, sup|iorted by pillars of 
Holy Family by Baroccio. The Lord variegated marble, of the doric order. 
Ctoanoellor Thurlow, and R. P. Knight, Over the'chimney was an antique head 
es^( the latter by Laurence. Herodi- ofIsis;inred granite, and an antique Mo- 
tus with John the Baptist's head by Mi- siac, f«bni Adrian's villa. On the man- 
Chael Angelo Caravaggio. A ruined tie, were busts of mrs. and miss Johnes, 
alchyttvist, bySalvati»r Rosa. Portrait by Banks; a petrifaction found in the 
•ol Mr Johnes of Llan Dair, by Sir Oodi. old ^»ed of the Nile ; and a fhigmeiit of 
My Kneller. The bridge of St MaurU the base of Pompey*s column at Alez- 
cnniebyDeane. Theassutnption'ofthe aAdria. In- the adjoining Conservatory 
vnigini by Benedetto Luttii Elijah!)^ wa»aii>eNquisite piece of sculpture by 
A^mbrandt. A sleeping beauty by E1& Banks j the subject Thetis dipping A- 
isobistha Sirani. A Deicettt from the chilles in the river Styx. ^/ The 
tbeOross by Vandyct, in the style of Prawiiig-ioom was completely furnish- 
Ixisr^fiiaster Rubens* ' Two- landscape! ed with ^elih tapestry, 6f great beau- 
bryB^bhemand Both, with several ot^ ty*Aid brilliancy. TheCnkmade front 
ev j>ictures. A Si^atoriHomlnum by wttoeoupied by another suite/butnev. 
Miiyalez, a Spanish' painter sttmamed ercafterym'tb' accidental visitors; 
ElDlvino. Two views of Matavai Bay \ Om •pHsaoAftToPoNT VMomtacm, is 
i^<0taiieite and FUnchal;bhe^f the A-i on^stod^iMa^ft Jrthuti The hOIlilwld, 
aore*, by Hodges. Two ^{jictures by tugged;- a^ barren. On ^riiii^ the 
Claude ; in one of' them* is introduced top;* (He ground continues ht^, and 
the arch at Ancona. 'Tbbte»^f verde seenMI to justify the opinion that-this is 
Mitico and alabastrd an'tiljo, with cor^ a'bottttt^ of excav«itiohs. ' Illaiitdloes 
hers, of phorphyry,' a studio of different mttd'theft' opens a partial view> of that 
«atarble8,and a bust of tiahi Rose; daughl migtity * dingle, : Wheie ' the rivers My- 
teh* of Geo. Rose» esq. by Bkhks, made naCh and^Rhydol ui^it'ef their toirrents. 
up the remaining ^drnathenvs of this eU <n^ front it the great fall^ the Rhydol, 
egant^nddassieKdOW.i'' ^ Infthe'Din'^ shrinking -apparently into a caftc&de of 
ing-ro6m there is a fabiily picture by vmall dimensio«is. A gentle descent 
Roihney. The persom intiikloced we're gnadually unfolds the scenery to view; 
tttr. mrs. and miss Johner, mfajop genera till' at length it (breaks upon thd ftl|(ht tit 
hl^ J. iewiSi and doctor Stevenson^ of Will diiplay at Portty Mbnafeh. ' ■ - 
Llandyssul. The diimney-piece Waft ''ITo TRir«XtibN,inr. Evans 'passed the 
itdm : the classical clslssiet W Banks', tttisculpfurcid stone, a short distance 
Tbe.beadsof Socraee*,>>Piatt$i'Alcibia« from>>Uafbdi, caned ^«^n Ar(kut, and 
ties;' Sappho, and a-other aneietat Wor- paSiing ;th«i dreary CWni, Ispitty YsU 
Jifanes formed it*tf pf^iticipttl'dmaments. • tiMi#Jb,Teached//ifra<f Jlfdri^, Where form- 
Inihe Winter Dirtttig *x>ob« Was a Glee- etly stood* a castle* At ' this place i s a 
fBttabyGuercino:* The Vale and Cas- gt'ammar schdoU well' endowed. Thh 
catella of Tivoli, byDelaby. ' 'Elijaft^ district isr very mountainous. Here is 
^d by ravens, which ckiA'e from the tMVeiiittrkabtef Otfg<n<ktt?lf7r^ q^ehtioncd 
monastery of Talley/Gfaewwtftthensfiire; by Lelafld,^v*tert(de rt^y be seen 9 lakes ^ 
supposed to be the p^bt^Mfttitfe of 'one iiUBi ^Ltgn IfM^n, Uyn Ter/t, fjyn Hir\ 
roi the earliest masters, as Cimabua, Gi- Llyn Gorlan, Liyn (^ms,Uyh Veryddi 
olto,or^ohn Van £yck, the first F^lnt- en^'Fy^hitn- Uyn Verydden Vamr,-IJyA 
e^iboil. The'Lowet^r^om coh; 'ybt^M:T«/i»,andZ^nD^« Themoun^ 

tained»aketehby V^dyck. A viewof taihi froWCragriaulUn fbrm a magnifi- 
Ifswcastle in Emlyn by Ibbettton.' A centaimj^uheatre, but with one appa- 
portiaitt»fmr.R.P,'Knight,% Webber, rent ehtrance; Which is NfewifTc*^.' ^^ 
Aview«fAbery8tw«tf»6ffbbet«On.' A JiidW^ of the contiguous valleys is Ys*. 
i^Oi^t ofmr, RobenListc(li,4>ywric)r. -Wilil Fieur brthe abbcy^f Striata plo- 
•^ur^'«htotire*''iiiftWingi'' of aw^^i inthfe parisli of Trsgaron^ dis- 



9SI HAEtlCH. 229 

taaUmUet. Following tlieciEmriet Ute scen«. At, last, hoi^eir^, a glori-^' 

of the river,, the popr but populous vil- ous view was di^losed over the spaci- 
lage oi Jthjf4fendigaid(ihe blessed Cord) ous plain in which \hc Wye flows, ben 
is reached. The inhabitants are chiefly s^de&thetownoCRhayader; whicbplace 
employed in lead mines, and the princi- he entered over a bridge of a single arch, 
pal part of them are of the methodise xo jregaron, 18 imla, Baiber;. Evans, 
persuasion. Religion has influenced — ?o»tfVoi»cU, Smiles, flaikittjWartiert 
this, athletic race much, in surpressing. tvo walks, 
their habit of having a community of . . — Rhayader, 17 niiVca, Skrine. 
"wives. The sides pf the hills in this dis- '^^ ^. ^jt^^^^^'- 

uict appear clothed with woods, which _ ^-^^^ ^^>^ sj-^^^^ -^ 

abound with the vaccinium myrtillus. From Maentwrog* 9 miles, Binglqy; Skrine, 
rubuscoBsius, & r. idaeus In alarge .— Maentwrog, 12 miles, by way of Rhay- 

meadow in one of these bottoms is Ffyn^ , ^^^^ **"» ^^ "»"«♦ Wyndham. 
riQn £lwad, a water celebrated for cur- '""^ BarmouA, lO miles, Pennani; mns, 
ing aU complaints of the fepiale breast. ~*~ «**^««°'*»» '^ »«««' W""^- , 
The land hence, from the Jeivi to iM^m _ HARLECH, or Harddlech, (a hold, 
yjl/aef, or the Lake of the Field, (where, rock) is an. inconsiderable town, id 
tradition says o^ix stood a town) is one Merionethshire,, situated upon a bavei 
continued marshy bpg, abounding in ^ock,; containing 4 ^^ ^^^ inhabiunu § 
turbaries, till you ri^a9h Tregaron^ once- the pirincipial town of this dlft* 

Travellers from, the metropplis, who tirjct^ .V&name iSjdeir^vej from it*^ 
are 4esirous of asc^ding to fine places sitUatj^A; originally' ,c4)i,e4, Twr Bron^ 
in^ regular scale,.^v Cumberland. adr y«?» and afterwards ;C^er polhwyn. 
vises thefn to beg^p at the village of from Co/^i0jiin ajp TqgTio,/who resided 
Tint,ern, near Qhipstow, which, tho*^ there in' the^ time/of ^rAoyce^^f^Qi^notf^ 
little noticed, ^ven by those who mag«> anno 671. Harlech, if', in the pansb 
nify the pretty landscapes near the Wye^' 9f Llanfair, biiilt jwith it'^s casde, upon 
is yet abundantly picturesq^ue and rural ;^ a cliff, which overhang^ the marsh, on 
and where an s^ii|t possessed of the the sea coasts near Caeirdigan bay. Thp 
rare talent of knowing how to choose. Castle which is tolerably entire, is a 
niight soon fill his portfolio. He should square building, each side measuring 
next devote 3 or I days to Piersfielo, about 70 yards, and has at each corner 
and then ascend the Wye from Mon-< a round tower ; to which once were 
MOUTH, up as far as Hereford ; next annexed round turrets. . The entrance 
follow it by BuALLT, and the Hay, to is between two grieat rounders, like 
Rhayader bridge, Uking the Fallg of Caernarvon, and the principal apart^ 
lUan^ on the way j thence passing by naents appear to have been over the 
the picturesque lake and torrent of gateway, in a part of the biiildingwhic|^ 
Ziyn Gie^A, which is about 2 miles from projected into the court; and at each 
Rhayader bridge, it is easy by turning angle is also a large round tower. Thel 
a little over to the right to regain the castle was defended, on the e. side, by a 
high road to Hafod and ^berystwith.. 4eep fbss. According tojancient histo* 

From Hafod TO Rh AY ADER,mr. Skrine ry, this castle was, built by Maelgwn 
passed through the miserable village Gie^^tfi^,iprihceof N.Wales, about the 
of CumystwUh, which almost lies buri- year 530, and Edward the first founded 
ed beneath high hills, and entering the present fortress upon the ruins o^ 
Radnorshire, coasted the river Elan for the old castle. It was completed ii^ 
severalmiles. Having gained the sum- i2&3. In 1404> this castle, along with 
mit of the CwnUythen fuUs, he had an thatof Aberystwith, in Caerdiganshire, 
uninterrupted retrospect over the drea- >^as seized by the ambitious Owen Glyn^ 
ry expanse he had passed. On the dwr^ during his rebellion against Henry, 
banks of the £lan» mr. Grove has built 4. They were both retaken about 4 
a house, and formed an ornamented do- years afterwards by an army which the 
main, [see Rhayader.] Except this k^ng dispatched into Wales. Mar-* 

•place the whole track appeared bare garet of Aryou^ the spirited queen oC 
and uncultivated; "nor do I ever re- Henry 6, after the king's defeat a( 
member,'' says mr. Skrine, "a more Noirthamption in 1460,. fled fromCov^ 
dreary solitude than thai which prevaii- entry, and found an assylum in this fbr- 
ed on the Cwm-tythen hills, where not tress.. Edward 4, expected to make 
a single tree or human habitation varied himself master of every pail -of th^ 



kiBfclDill, but D^dd ap fjan op Binhk haf, tuTens Imrtit %]r it. It did nbt ap- 
d friend to the houte of limcaster held' p^ to affect any thins ebe, tod men 
out in thif CAide tUl 1468. The <:astlc' couW go into it wfthont rceembg a»y 
was however at kttt surrendere d to an injtny. .It wat o lwei 'fe d at JSJtei e nt 
army under the command of W^am times during Smootht. The ocensioa of 
Herbert, earl of Pembroke. In the this singular phenomenon has ttot been 
civil wars of Charles I, Harlech Castle atcurately conjectured. • Theprtn- 
was the last in N. Wales which held cipal public house at this plftce is 'kept 
out for the king. From the castle, if the by a civil num of the name Anwyl, 
atmosphere happen to be clear, mjiy be where a clean and comfortable double- 
seen the peaked summit of Snowdon,ele- bedded room may be had. Antnteiltgent 
▼ated much above the other mountains ; man named- John Richards undertakes 
the promontory of Llyn, Ceickaeth to conduct the -traveller either amon^ 
castle, and the entire bay of Caerdigan. the mountains, or over the sand to Bedd- 
Kear'the easily groufs the juncus acu- gelart, but it is highly dangerous to aft- 
^Us, brassica oieracea^ and within cir- tempt the latter couvse over Irnetk 
e«alut6ttana. Near this place is a cu- Mtitor, when the sinds have- been ob- 
^ibu^ antique monument, called Cbetan served to shift, as is sometimes the case. 
AHhu^t Contelsting of a large flat sioney pee a very interesting memoir of Rtcfa- 
lyinghorizontally, supported by 3' oth- ards in ftie rev. J; Evans's ms^ligeot 
ers.' ' The s'upporters are about 20 irtch- Letters written dtritag a To«r in N. 
*s square,:two of them are' 8 feethrghi Wales, SVo. dd edttpiklge IM^} 
ahd the jJcutribeht stone, inclining to Wben a^ Harlech, Ar. Bing^ made 
an oval a 11 feet in length. About *w Brcuasro*^ t6 Own^cAflir, (the lit- 
lG9i, an' dncieht gblden Torquis 'wafc, tte hollow) about 4'hitles flHtiabt. One 
dufj up tn'a'garain nea^r the castle,; mile from tKetown^ Richards, ^who was 
#hich i^ "deit^rifbed'asa wreathed bar.' his guide, pointed but a circle of stones 
6t5'6t 4'tbd8 tMsted together, arid a- 30 yards in diameter, 'probabljF one of 
bolit'4 fe<^tibng j flli^xible, but bent ii;i tiidse drnidtd ie?rcles ih which were 
the shape 'of a hatband, with hooks a^ held the Gortreddau; or bardic meet- 
each end, neither sharp nor twisied, but ings. Cwnl Bychanis a'grassy dell, a- 
pliiin, and'cUteven» of a circubr form', bouthalf a mile in length^ surrounded 
abo6t an inch in citcumference, and by blaCk and dreary scenery. On the 
weighed^ otjnces. This valuable re- right, at'itH entrance, is the sitiail poo! 
lictof ahfiquity was in the possession called' Uyn y Cam Bychan, from the 
of sir Rogfer Mostyn, hart. Several ro- edge of which ijatreg y Saeik -(the rock 
man coins have alsb been found in and of the arrow), towers in dismal'black- 
hear the town. Not far from the castle, ness ; yet the landscape extends hence 
h an ol^ roofless building, once the inf great magnificence. ^ Descend- 
foxvjl-hall, in yrhich it is said the Mem- iHg into the hollow, past an ancient 
bers of Parliamefnt for Merionethshire mansion, and ascendiilg on rtie other 
continue to ije elected: In the side, a deep mountain hollow occon 

Winter of 1604^' this neighbourhood was called Bxvlch Tyddiad. Passing upon 
much alarmed by a kind of fiery ekha- this rocky cleft- beyond the higher 
lation, or Mephiti^ Vhpour, which arose nwuntains, ou a sodden,- a fine prospect 
from a sandy marshy tract of land, call- df all the country eastward opens, 
ed MhrfctBydkan, (the little marsh) a- bounded by Cader IdHs, the 9 Arren- 
Cross the channel, 8 miles towards Har^ nigs and other mountain^. Hence mak- 
leclv, and injured much of the country* ing a turn to the right, over a wretched 
by poisoning the grass in such a man- horse path, and soon af^rwards anoth- 
fler as to kill the cattle, and firing hay er to the right, the deep glen of Brws 
arid corn ricks for near a mile from the? Ardudwy (the pass of the maritime land) 
Coast. It is represented to have had it entered, the sides and bottom of 
the appearance of a weak blue flame, which are almost entirely covered with 
Which by any great noise, such as loose fragments of stone. After this 
the'firingof guns, or the sounding of dreary scene a niore wide and fertile 
horns. Was easily extinguished. All vale, called Cwm NaneoU, (the hollow 
the damage was done invariably in the of the sunkeh brook) occurs. Out of 
night, arid in the course of thewUitef the track, 2 miles s. of Harledi tsa 
hot less thkn 16 hay cricks and 2 bkrns, Ordmlech in a farm czHed OwsmEinhn. 
btte fillet} With corn and the other with On the side of the hill oi> which the 



•tcgd'tpsmm^ln > woad,'iia ^m^siiienu UMt^ "i^t^heaistani^ 6f H^earlj fi 
btfroitincb^' [<M^ ThotoftEVaas, in tilileli; is th'yshttHsli church of Barimnitlr. 
km y^OJn^iian laacrtty/'^ -caBi- tH» - Tfiei!^d-\b'MAENt#Koo liek iii|)'i 
catBSMCt iSMitfMfait or «fae BUdk -Ga;- tlSffioulF^tairidMe path, oh the sidfef of 
•Cacacfi^bsd deiK»rftes it a»>f<rilowi: "< fai a ctaggy ihoantain/ tn a north-easterly 
•Husi cttgrMC, iotv^uDded^M^Cb' <fork im* ilueaibh OYei" k' ttacklesiplaniiinfoTv^ 
fMbvAing icenety, the watj^ii fiihpown te guides byupHg^ltstohescaUdi^fbe^ 
mthvastimpetiiesityovefdrblack tM hiridfi^andcohcentribYirdie^ofstoAei: 
4iii«oth4^1ia,'each in a cMfeMnt (fireC- A liittfutUss^tid^neKK]; larger than th^ 
•CMin. Of>lt'«' height, i^id^ can t>e Yeit, is distinguished by ^t^'^ -title of 
^onnedyMitJhrtOp of the Uj^f laS, by ^Ne%g /it|f0*i ^6inb. The placfsls ^Isb 
Che •-imidiiii^ of the rodtk^ isreod^lred c^l^ BomlefHIr, or the loud shout t6 ^ 
invisible ifrtitn belowy yet forms a-'isne BalOe^ Ahcia the end'6f the 6th mile 
<A»j0etifor•a■:te^ld•6apei "the sides ^re i%ih^imz\.\\i)ieci\MUyfi^Wegtnfnuii, 
jAso vseiiy >steSp ttad slijipeiy, tdtiHt- and neat it the1:?t!tle vitiage and church 
<|tteiH<ly4Rx»>Aangeff0iirMthiiik;<yftlam' of Van tigwan; a little f^h^, sur- 
henag'^up^ lahd inito^^^eei ^'«xi- -r^uded bjr fony monntams, irthe fine 
tfVBiMy^jdavk*' fip«to^e «hic)^ 161^ iakiSofli^^TV^^^u^^d; (the fair an9 
i«v4iie|fr>Mmd^ndt) die foil, astbi»j^^4»ir ^k>vely) a name which this s^dfuded-arfd 
W0dtluP0f deep dungeons, theitbodes endhai^inl' scene 'weU'de«erTist. Thb 
«Bly. i^£4iitt» ond^h^rro^i*'^} Betf^ireeh road is a harf bw path alopgf (be $hdf df 
•cheofiomleoif aba theco^b of Hailech a rocky aeditit}*/ after ^Stiicfa ir d^ 
•i»^uiotliet>!dMidic circle.' At theebb soen^intQa^eet) glen, thldb with tiie^. 
of ttie liiie- part df ^'long stone wan Passihj^dvera-b&ckstreatti called ri^/y* 
wbich'tuns ottt iolto tbeiea frbm Moch- AAvtf '^h^yeUtiW ford), the tnrnpilce^tt 
las, a point of land a few ihlli^k i.of paiied neat'^h^ Village of MAENirwaob, 
fllsbdecliy may be ^o. It'ext^ds in a where- t^re^are comforta!ble accommci* 
' wi s. wi direetion for nearly 20 miles, it dations. Jhe inn of Txit v v^Ltn li« 
•ii»«alled'.SSam Budmyg, (fte shijpwreck* Dvera bridge of 3 arches s^t6$^ the I>w|/- 
§ng wanaeway) in astoniihinij work; bfe; ry;? at thedistance of a mile. ' , * 
-ll^fhl«ufchOBi|i«4feet fhick. Sa^ily ' TocWm Byclmn, fcc/and l>ack^ ti Harieci, 
BwMt^n^kQiti 'apbklt t»;w. of Hat- ^ ^llesi ttente to Barmouth, iSj mii& 

•]0Qti,'antd is ' supposed to meet the etid Bftifcle^ " - 
-cii> ithiMk Th^' tpace ' between ' the&e, •*' Tan<y-bWich, lo miles, ivaht. -[y 
focmed^'tevefalf cientuHes ago, a'habrta. -^ Barmouth) lo miles, Waruerr ' ' '-* 
Mtftitibdredof Merionethshire; called -**- Maemwrog,9 mites, Petmant. :• ^ •• 
X;um^fGwuloi^ the iowhuld hiindred. ^^ ;o 'Rui-yAwkb, 13 miles, WiF^aifaaiai 
^bove wbUs wete baik tak^p oht - sKnjip. . 

. 'Thetoad^ToBSSEiKHitA is^eAaod from Milford, 6 milei, Barbfetj '^'raiis'j 
gODdybiitdMaadunimeresting; except skriike.' 

•the coMCilittal eahibition of the un. -— ^ St. Davids, lysines, Malkia. :'- 
•boiUMdfed-<A:ean, > In afield by t!|e road ^ — 1»«mbroke, by #atcr, 15 miles; WyindF- 
«ide« near iifcni^«<lM'aife- two upright *»«• 

^loiuiii<«lafi«Bg near eath other, the — : Pe«»»rok<5, hy the tmopike load,. JQ 
«iie ^Mmw l(^< the other 6 feet high. °***^» 

Tbef are fxpdbably what the British HAVERFORDWEST, in Welsh, 
icalM Ai^ili Irttfyr, (the stones of the Hwlffonki, is irregularly built on^the 
tlffoes)^ 'lyr fanenl monuments, to the steep bank of theriverHiaog,ot Western 
^^mdry'Of their ancient deified Warri- Cleddy, or Cledhou. It may 'now b^ 
-dm; ' A few huniked yards beyond the considered as the capital of Pembirofce-i 
3th mile^fStone, and at alittle distance on shire ; as well on account of it's supe- 
•the 'left<bf ^Cfae "road, lare iWo Cromlechs Hot extent 'iind opulence, as from' if^ 
v^ -near 'each other, placed on bar- haying lately become the place of the 
ftMvs/ot heaps of loose- sto^ftes. The grand session. But the streets are nar* 
4affgeit-i^ 13 feet by 9, and the quoit or row and dirty, and so steep a^ to bo 
upper'stmie about 20 inches thick. diwigerous to carriages and horses. A 
WiUiib about 4 miles of Barmouth is few good bouses, among vt^Q\i is a re^ 
<S9f9^''^§dd^ the ancient family seat tff aidence of the dowager ladv Ketuinfi^ 
fhe Vaughans, but now the property of ton, appear here and there ; "but in such 
«if Tlieniai Moftyn, bart. (So^ p.- 56,] situations, ai to convey no look of tn^ 



portanc* ta the pUce. ..]li i^ ^fmAff .i^mtJh^^.90<tK^'9f^ 5. mllp » *Bif!H fae 

corpotatcof itiielf, gov^rped fe ^ 171^01^ tourii^ttoi Panktm ^<m^,; th03Mfal& scat 

^herif » towA«clerk, twp b^li^^/^nd a ofJonlKMi^QivdU .wbp&e:.MM»dv« ^ 

8^rg^^n(.9t^ace^ands«i\^9Qe.meoir J>n|ij|^,AiiFl^^ «gre»t-\|KinAtlf tkeiAiir* 

bet (9 parUameot. . U^n^iVQt QQtr^r X^^ndipgf^pviixury; . Thtt.tatoyrhecoD;- 

jne^c^may have diiOf used ^'^^^It^iltilbVp^fl^ M^l^) 9ae/x>C Xb«.«»QM ,»atiq]«& 1 

^hift towQ, an4 p^oclai^^d. it t^^ suic^ 4efxq^ iaith(&.jkingdani>ribMri|»g'r 

C^ssful i^iy^ pf Pembrokjd.} yci,^omparp ^v^il^ tolc)ViU«wn de ^i€|Mto<a^oDcauB 

'e4;With t4e,cleao, placid,. W..f^«0CA- iu^^fi^Sf:^il^re»gn gl >\iimtaaRxkim. 

-^bie appearance of thQ,l4ttpr»,U.6ar On-t^tu^.^Ktiaai^n aChirdiQe) itnde- 

«ures nq pre-eminence of e|^K:enf\. S.XVP «Pcn4f4 .tt>ii^4(R:W^g«l»fc:l*>«\l'lQrthie 

;niarKet is one of the larj{e«t,in^W|ilit^ lesr ^Pm^^>f 9*d' ^MrwM> «» J^[l%Uiptet 

pccially for fish. The sect pi Mquayi- o( Kjfl^iu,. jPur«ig,;thjBrmml «rtfT9v.-sir 

ans are here very numeK9\ip^ • ^i^^i^PY- Rff ^<l PJii^ips nwd§ a.ioAg. «M^ jeigtf- 

JoAr Gambold» one of thei^jbifihogSy Uf^s ouf^.defcq^.|i^,U fn^.j^i^S^Qh^^A^. t.-Xt 

ja native of this qounty, aiid^ died tie^ J*i9PPiorf;^bfiiyW3fefew.ci»ftie8riii^^lie»- 

ii^the year 1771, TJiiie i«f f 99M«HV -9»P^ l^<?>:^l««ij^ti0nk,p/ ^epjjmt^ 
xnill contipous whi(:|) .^^nplpyii : a- i^i^jM llPmiirkAWQf IW: hiivjrt^ 

^ut .150 persons . .'j^e: :Cas(Je, >c^JintW>it^iSi1Wiitte:AllQmfiQils:»4 

«ef|ted pfi f cliif adijoining.i^.^;iy^„i3 ^M^BfiP^.J^fHJi^c^ftfWeiOQOultieDljbavie 

said to 4^ye.j9een buii^by.Cl'^l^i^rti^gail ^o^#jffiv(^it,,W\MlsiemlMmiitdt6G«R. 

of;'Cla^ejiWy>he r^igij p|,KjJ?rg SvepJ^-in, .TM^,c^t9f»%^\»,^B4: MigkMn^fk^nU^ 

and. 'vv4s,jp9Cupied.bx,^.t)^^,^Ji^lJg^^Ag8. dippSjfft^tlMf s^W(C^WrUA!thft|ino&6;^ 

Tho' fitfU pQsses8ing,qj^nsj[d9l[^bJi?j,pof. JtS^'j^fjfi^a^m^^hoMtt^^^Mt- *T;the 

tions«f.U>.fprmeTirapprL^9cq<iKCtt^i(pfl- JiM^^f„3flr]iq>w,. iinA;<i9liK> iaato>t>0»' 

^raftecj^wjitfrniioderft jKjjjit^gijft'^^ftjjf it «es»i99i9/(Mfati'^ili|»»»[ at iwo^i ». 

lor. the? pre^^ot co|Linty,j^U..it,|bas,%le . .fttYf»iB^ ?ciian<^d.? Ql 3«m»l0$.i6i*<tbe 

Rict,\if<fs^e ittraction. .^^ waiJ^^^on- 4i"'9^JlW^TAiCA*Rm&A«*>Ha7er|iof4- 

necte4;Wi.^^e ca^tlc>v(lijf (1,9)^99 sur- we^ ;^]j^»r|ii9^ .i^vH: «.t)«luntft'Mf«r(» pit 

rounded th^t^wn^ is siill i^;,p^t s;(apd- c^ o^^Q . yp^i (Uv», . other ^^ jjcnwwfwwod 

ins- tA ^^"^ Ji"^y» ^ custom liouse, a by^^iine ji*i«i \ypU furnwHed.-Hi^iib Yse*- 

'J^red'^ifchboi, a' charity.'>^h6bll/hix^ ' an iti-)^ '.At>ivnfidi«fw(m»j>HIQlitWfd»ih'e 

*alms-ho\ise, ai-e among tHe' public;. .con- lQfty,^pv^gj:.;pt^j)ftbi^'<jafitl<e w«s,<9ii»- 

cerns of ;he town^ ( .> • .Of t|i<? three ,spiqHousS)b «W|d<parx)jr.i|i th/S'sanieiiltreic.- 

Churches. that, ot 154..' Mary . i^ .?i neat uo%:{|lve^, l^og4f^^a:9f^ , mu^iiramarf^r" 

building.; and it's spirq): c^veced-with :durie>i,^bir>^t)r|(nw/. sotasj|<i4MJriqi|sr> 

;shiit9l^S' 9nd warped ffomahe parpen- takCf^ifprjiff^^ipi^idoMs l^i^k iTucaing 

dicular, hasa singular effect, ifsgoth- ;^.tl\c^:^(i|h^a.(hortd^8UOIc;0ap{waYS 

ic-architectuce is light aad.elegafit^ -has an ancient encampment called.i^^ ^499- 

onlypne asile, in which there.is ^.,<.arv- f?»arcfi^f<i/^«,<erowpiniP(i W4©»io«nce; 

ed roof, tlie arches are supp^^^^d by thw wor,^. i* rftwcuh|r>' ^E»ud^ irO]jCL«Mfte 

clustered ^etlumns., A .j[^gA gotliic heigl^tof.^t'&iV^lunv »nd.dQplh>Qf it's 

«KU^/div:id(M the nave frofn.tlie choir. •dit^hxffi^M ^c*^^r^butedljtQiU[i^-dM»0Ofl. 

Some sepulchral memorials of the Mil- Advancing ,frow tliis »p«M(JL tt|e jMS^iHies 

I lonS jfanhly remai n , and an oM e f&gy in of th e coun (ry.disf^ppeariim^ JIG pbjttOU 

stone. St. Martin's Church sundstipon qf in^€^$^st t otccur. : TJip .iiimiidtq9)«d 

^ifiUnear the cast|e; and coatai|i$cnQth- views be^^n>eioompTess6d|in(#.iivn»W 

•^ng(P*'ticular except add Ml^., find? limits, ,aod, at length .»rev.*l|«ti«p.iB 

.ni<:he for holy-water, ^^nt, Jhp^nas's mountau^ou^.hpUows, InH^if^jdgeanf 

Chmrch, is upop an emincijc^^tHwe ^he track stands ,a p9ot sqlitaiy, house caji 

.Priopy. . At a short distance south- cd ^^^> ^nn^ half w^y betwe^VkHa^vor- 

.ivard .from, the tovvn, are sopne.renjains ,ford an4. Ca^rdig^n. .1 . . utu-^iiiin j 

of aj priory ^f Bla<;k C^n<iWs, endv^Yied, On the r»ad, \x^ . St. Pi^vii>i*:R«cun, 

it not founded by lioberi de liav^rfafd, .attii?.di»tan.ce:0fa^Ut6n[)ilQi|«jt|iee^- 

iord of this place. The chapel is the vated jruiftpfiiwAe <:«//«. 3ey^i^cl>xhe 

iho^l p^rf^ct part. The walk to it, call- T02^4 papsef ne^r the border pf i& jft^icff'^ 

cd the Parade, is the frequented promr dangerous bay,., and crossesr^2Tf^n' 

enade of the place. , . J^ large and tic creek and . Jiittlp barboii|r»^ jfiWiwA 

capaciqius -jail for the coifpty o( Penv- on the left,.througb a wild dreacycoun- 

broke is about to be erected, here,. -try. . . . ■ ,. ,, ..1. , 

Jnns. C^i^tlej Blue-hoa^ ... Jh^' tHrwincf. (^ Roty in ^yfj^i^ the 



-339 .aAUHAWARDBN:/ ;; 890 

tawhtif Ifeverforilw^k is gltwrfed, was Fwm chef ter, 7§ mU<5i/:Bwgl^srft»?wner. 
peopteil'bya cblony bf-Jf^yemtjig* who « — r^#Mthop,45 mOes, w^tepi,..n 
cameHntoEngla6daboutftHeyeaira.lOT> ' tr-^«t5.ja«i<?,2iwle%.«ei«»pt, .: 
anaUyJpehnisiioB of He«ry »,:iiimbiti HAWA)[lD^N^is s^sWSU-cieiaftlbok^ 

edadUtvictdii the b: ^ttolf the met ing matlc^t 'town rnitlmbhire!'"''^^ 

iMreedj-^bat 4 years afterwards' they sttirowTdnig'CocmtFTH^pieasanvaRcl'tiie 

wgi^ ffenwiVed'into Peittbrokeshite, in Castle, c^iUejJ ^), y//^c\\^^pji'yr^}yfchf 

&t&ti to Mtist the £ngtilh'<ag^nst the or vulg;ariy #ennard-y-las',' whicTi stands 

Welsh. J S€<d Hdllmsbed,^ i4, p.* 54. ' " at the e. 'fend' of the towW, '^mifiixids a 

- The««»iitryontheroadi^9'M»i^FoaB*- fine^ndexftJnsiveprospemoi^aHs't^ 

HAVtir, iiiaat b^oii<ll(f«i»fih^#'Bnd^> riVef DiKfe Shtt the eounty-^dfj^hi^er! 

bat,' onijxthe 'Wholey']()l6a»iftgs"*Thei« This btiildin^, which cotisi«<s%f''lH!tM 

arc a 'tiamber «of ijentlemeri's iseiaf s in mof fe^than fragments of t'heJ^ w»ftllSr an^ 

thegieighboiirholoji/ fcrut the "iceppry a- kee jj^ 'Js •situated in thef '^dtitidsoif ' 8?r* 

licmiids.':so) little iritliiwh«r. is ^^iliicflm^ RichiVd-^G^rfn; ^ftrf: "K ha'^<>eett»bit 

tnoii-ttiatxhetKnainiesinfty strffice; < Cm- exten^iv^e "bidding 6f g^^eaP^tyewg^Hf 

tmtbani3fdoei' and B&itdh BiUy areboth anti sartbnwd^dljy a d«wi3*e»1ffitch.'''A^ 

agT§eable> Tesvdenoes*' > Jphnsiofi*^^ aft present it- ftSiM^'a'gi'a'nd d^jete^'idSrihf 

anci*nfc>.sfeat bfelonging^'loalordfrRea- abbV^;thfe\wa8«s(. ■ th'f'tetef^sif'jfbhtf 

stttgtBXii, which merits^Yfeiti li Ajbout'a Glynw *tbdk' ttitich ca^e 'I'A 1^vpAg*l3id 

Tnlley-bcyoisd'TSerf Cnuif >dtir thd;'Mfher rubbish refinid^^d frb^ 'tK^S-t^g^ ; ^^^^m 

toad')oi8r|i/to6^m)n.Hiiiff^. >oiti4eaving in (jTn^ 'pl^e' it^ dlsbbVdf^^^^'ildtl^ 

Whifcip8^a<r:v4»tch 'soWie'.J«eJ^ ivat^r flight Of ^ej[is,'^t"th«' bbtwfei* Of 'Vh^fi 

yiewsyiob/^r^ - you' reaoh ^^'ffttbbe^itori was^a tfo^, tiiid formerly a •d'r^^^^-b^d^ 



Pnory, which -irf not f*c tfroBi ahe Vatet whlGtt^errtsi^d a'deep r6tt^«hd*n4;»tt«atf^ 
8id?/>^^A. part. o(,tb?. principal. gafe- ly fai:|id' with free stone, t6*<anothigr 
house IS all that remains. 'Hakin is sep- door' teadihg- to 2 or 13 strait ro6m&; 
^ate^ 'hStit MitfotB: fey one of "tfiose pl^bflblfplacfesdf confinemetit, .t^hesi 
orewlirfJ whtelir i«tii^up » ttw country dut prisdfiflrs miglrt be lodged with ^c '■ tit- 
taff-tfitf' haven. '"'The packets from' Ire- mosj; 'StecnrUy, ' after pullittg Up tii« 
ISfhf -feaii' ft^m thfs place, bridge over the chasih that' intetVeuefi 

"^ )F^6m' ' pt^verte|;dw6s<; . Jr^ betwiecn them ahd tttc op<ftt day;; :^Tfe» 

made an[ ixcy.RsioN jn^x^^^^ circular ketep; whiieh.i^ mbrc elevated 

ston, a fishing ;fowA'c^l)-f^^fQi^'f]baYen. and-perf0£«<thafi>theioth6t>^{^tttfk]ffi«th^ 
After ,his return pro9eeing on the way baili(*Higyh€te, within' the ta«t teW yeifts^ 
•yd*St:'tWVjii'^sJ' htp WsWt)y tftd wiins besenryttdiGioilsly repaired'/i'-'rhis castte 
if -SSB^i^i^tf/i^r?, bve^^^ was bui*t>fibpn after th^ *iorttiafi'*o«i 

' " . - ^ - •- it, iattd*a^-'been very^ stfMigr lieni 

I gnwt0d irto sit Thot«as'*$taHfc^yi 
.. -. ..Mv iiau.va>.iwiid u< tiiaii vyv^r^ axsu »u iwhoso family It coiitin^b^ fili'^«m 
h^-^Hd'tliiply scaiti^ri^dl'^ "W ^p^ civil wars ybut'aftertHoexeciitiwtt Of 
.,.^,«J^!)flWg^iiEricity-bfSt.Dayid^/ftboVe Thomas Stanley,' iearl of Derby;: irw« 
tSfe-ai^fert ft? ati insignificant ^iilffee. ' " purdkased by secgeaw Olywtj ' whdto 
^'•'kboiif^Hari^ch'^ows thcf fityn§rani -desciendentsarethowtit's'pbssdfeiofsv ': 
%Ti|tHtii^itffri'f rfea^ the' cakl^'.' Safijbii- ^-^ Wfest<yf the chtfrch, by tlleeoadfidei 
^hiebtiWsV^ndBtassitaoler&Ceaj'tlJ). is a mcmht called Trumanrs-Hii^yVipoA 
'df thie'-^c^alltf, Sisymbribhi tenfil'ft)H^mj whiiti iswca^rity like aimait camp; f , 
'^h4bii^¥tfbbish on the'/l^arsh; Sofagb IiipwAlreedingToMoLtjijtfheOhiabef 
ofli<fi&lii';' in thb mai^H; 'Ahth^nhfh'no- channel; is! bn ^he right, anfl^ih' frohttthft 
bilis ; tipon banks by the road side Bear jSnoermains of fflirttshire; - M thiK'flifc- 
<Hfe''tbWrii jl^stragaltis hybbfgldttWf'on tance of 3 miles is BucklepitHtUy upon 
on the coast Juhtfus acdtus. "• ' ' ' which are^ carried on < veryj exicensi^ 

To Caerdigan, *^ tAWc&m^r. " ' pottcrifes.- .0esc?ending th* noTtfef,W«a»- 

» ' '-^svicaft^'s, 16 miiej,'Baibefi EvarwV tern side^ tttw prospect df>ihe' vale iu 

»• • ^MilfiMd^-emilefe, Malfctni ' richly eihtj^fished witli )WoqdSr ' vib. 

».'atrD9tids; (by way of^StflvscH) 18 miles, lag^^andelegaat mansions.^ < : ''<f 



i':.rM^nflb8Bi3iUtttnw.. . o. la » copse by Euloe • Cattle, gt^w^ 

.a>T?JjMrl)tr$b,:iemUc^W|0*iaw'*l2nd,tiwir. E«bny*«S8 eUropaiuSf by thiBi»ad,<fidq 

^>J>^>^ ^^^^J*y^^ -^-^^^ to* Chester, the Atropa belladohift, ! • • 

/,.,'' -fi ' ' • '< \ ,. , To £ul6p Castle, ij miles, BlngW 

••'•.-"• •', .' ■■" , ■^i;j6id; 6 ihties, Warner, ' iPo 



HSl HAWKSTONE. KAY. 932 

T»€heittir,6maei^Wynd)Niai;PeniiMt iWfC, bfkk Iraildillg, wiHl ^adaM 

~F1lnt7}mftot. t} New Inn bridge; a lit- wmgt. The <tyie of it't mM X0t ^ m » 

' fleU^ddat^tMruintorEULOCCA^TLE, mher.giOKUl thao«lDKMts tMrt ||ie«fr 

^ ln»cq|i9e>^l^t4;ofamilfonthe«|ht|l^ COili|«aiimeiiltSi€SiiCliai reflect Wttdi 

.. , J^eiitrebridgiei ifNorthop; 3FlioU, |uttfe. Ths ftark eztendi te in fceet, 

it mtenected by e 



li-.. ^ .. ,A I.- «.j »*»c«t •f weier. From tlw i^ittafc^ 

;';rA«$h«;wiburr.iamlltt,Skrt«e. which abouiHliwkh the tt«eend3L 

. HAW^STONEr is thp ddightftti ntficeacei9CfttclUchaf4HiU»tlie.wlMle 
leat of sir Richard Hill, in. the coua- domain fcj)pf att tp gret edvMUge. A 
ty of Salop. Tbis elysian revdence neat, modem Chxuch, in the soihic 
was formed out of a sandy wa«^, and ttyle^ has been haiit heM, and an ni 



has been cmbdlished, at ap pnormons esubUthed) which ia poim o€ i 
ezpenscybut with so much taste.that the and appearaafoe, il eqoal to nian^ f en- 
pariK^uUr features which adorn it« can tlemen's seaia« Bat these grofandaea^ 
fcarcely ^receive justice from the most not be move than paitiaUy es 
vivid description^.^ ''Rich lawns/' says without the attendance of the l 
mr. Skrine^ '*. extend thcongh the whole er« Whose elipectatk>ns amoant to geld 
^f this delightful' territory, encircUag ofsomedesoniitioa. Oneaf feialaboar- 
high) iasuM^d hills, <m H'hichthe red era can. howerar be had to .open the 
9ock appears finely int^cmixed with h>dbsd -wiohett, gaei, and doara, fior 
that piofi^ionoCtimbeff which ctothes U. . Aa .enteged «Dea6Hpdon of 
them framrti»e summit to. the base.-. On Hawkstoac," %y T.' Rttdenfannt^ saaf 
pne o| theae, the fragmenu of a. castle be hadyyf <W0ody ShaewsbiiiifyiDr at the 
dMpJ^ themseWes, and in asicending Hawkstonevina, prioe 1«. €ri. ' 
anpther,ttoeyisitoriscondMCtedtbfough ibOnWitir,iWo«ghW«nr»mMet, gwtoe. 
a dark) mbterraneous passage, of great 

length, into a spacious cavern; highly -^^^^^^^-^-^^^r^'-^^^-^^^^^^^-^^ 
arched^ and illuminated with .painted Frw crickbovti, IQ mttisi Mafthii thaaee# 
alassfc of various colours. This may in* awUt on th^wwten^ aide of die Wf^ i$ 



*«pa»Wy be caUed the fint grotto in l^j'^t'T''*'**!' ^^."^ , 

aoora introduces the gmnd burst of, day. b^,ji» i$%riie8,Skruw. 

JIght, and aatonishes the, sight with a v,^^^ m, , r ^» •». .. 

moat enchaixiiing.hmdsoape, compre* JUV is a smaU town of ftr^kygck- 
heading most parts of the phioe audit's shire> sifted upon the co^Oinc^of .^ 
©ayirons, with the distam coimiiy, froip notshire aiid perefordahire, an^^ the 
Upt^cipitow. height, encompatsedby sQuthprn hanks ofthenVer Wye., Some 
hrotoen pillars of the rook, andarches vestiges of a j^oman FortreM^upon 
of I4«s eKtraordioary building/' . ' OPur- 2l«^ ^^^ o^ ^t^e river aear the chuxch, 
Mring the courseof the walks, byan- Tlie more modern, Castle i|s.W^ the 
otheraucceisioa of steps, cut in the hi. f"."^'^, P?, ?^ T'^^^i?^ ^ J"*"^ ^ 
able lock, we wound through the thick. [<»*'*» stands. A dweUmgi-fiottse has 
eft part of the woods, and ascended to ^<?«'» >"»J^ ^«« 9^ ^ rem^una^. bg a 
the high terrace, which extends in a Kpthic gateway vs stiU preserved. The 
Wd twte.iOQng the summit ol the yiewfronithecburch.yardisv.wcidi. 
ridge formoiethaa 3 miles, The.8hhde and varjepted. , A capai^^le 
aaXthe verdure of this walk ^ most extent qf the old city walls aw OiU ws- 
4l^ightfuli and from the seau, which *°^^- ... . ^^ ^ 

occmioiiiaiy wur, ?re landscapes of ^ AtashortdiHaMefromthetpiimw 
the richest variety, and most extenai ve ^^ remains of aiford^astU. 
«ompasSr Upon an elevation, at the Inn ; the W)ute Swan, 
back of the terrace, stands a magniiu On a wide ciecuit t6 Buaiat, 
4tent„ <>pen column, round the top of notching very striking ocean liU ^oo 
which is a gallery, affording a boand- reach Aherlhtn, where theaceneiaun* 
leM view over some of the most strik* commonly gay, luaariant;taBd beanti- 
itig, aacuial objects, both in England ^1* The maidowsfby thhriver tide, 
andWalett Immediately beneath the thetrimlawnof Xa«irfn<gAoopof.tte,pn 
If. end of the terrace, under a pendant a rising slope, fields, orchards, 9fc, de» 
grove of oaks, stands the Man8iQn,.ji tJ»in the feasted eye. Mr. Morgan, a 



SU» HAY. ^Olk 

'«fPQA9t«pl<r» hat liKSfQ a g«j»teel hovue. mr. Maikin'tfiuide. .Tbedinil^itici<^ 
Th«^ I^JiBi^ff fall* into t^e Wye at this roiaated by a tremendoas ipck, oi^ IM® 
plfH:^. Jl. jittjk further i» .th^ decent top of lyhiph are the remoanOkpCiom^ 
p^^k^^mim caU^th^ TJIpiree Qocki^ ancient ajid rude ^truct^ie^ to vtkk^ 
wlM^-. Due » river ^lakf i^ tk^e Urgefit vulgar leport^tachei a m^iPIEtfji^u^taj^ 
^p«MHi)l9e Wdint]Kwhole,ext;emof History is sUent res]|«cting. it.- T^\fi 
H'i^i9¥r9eir. JUangoed. Castle,, on the spot is described at length . and with 
baoJcf.Qf tb9 Wye, was purchased from extraordinary descriptive ppwi^r^by 
tif Sdwar^ WiUiaras, \^U, by John mr*Mal)lun,pag^S73,^(^,oOli«Workr« 
Maciiamara»,eBq.,barristeratla^w, This i(.QS^ii;^pg th^ bapks qC ^§. Wy«« t^ 
pi^^ is <;|ipablc and p$^hap»t will be nextql^iectisapIea^g^ot.fMledtlm 
m94(^ 9mM the iin^st in ^y^fiies. It Slaee^. JUamShgr^kfini9^9ms^^H}^ 
eotwapi el j^QOO acrem , Ami4 ^u- lery, close by Liyn Uanhychlljf^i:^^ 
VAeio^tJd^l^rai beauties ti^ce ts^ ^ txe- largest lake in Radnorshire,, but smaller 
«9kendoii|B^ grand dingle» lyuig fac&om than Llyn ^av^dph by oi^e'tifilt^. /^&Jrr- 
ajaf thoi^hfaEe, and tJ^FjsfoKQ Mttle. edwy CastU ^d ViHiiie^ appe^t^li ^ * 
teMWH' ' - pretty valley oni the nght,n[|i}C^ <>ftt»G- 

; 'Wtulie at H*y, m^ Skjrine paid a yi*i| ed in Cambriai^ annaU, 4#Pf«l„T^^- 
^i?W». tp the rev. mr. Edwards, rectos tractive objects. After having pas^ 
«tf.tlnf,plM«»imd.a|€bdeaffonQf Brecon* the'bridge, just by the conSuefltce' of 
Of 2thts.;6e««VNK)an, nv^^JSHrioe i^ak4 the 2 rivers, a path on the ri|;ht leads 
i» 1^9 t^ghem: styte oi $i:^l9givijn,, s^ up,a hiU, iindtp thetc^ of »teek^ov9 
•ckBowtedset the. a4v;Hi^g«^':^i<# the£dw7. HereisantmbcymnioffTo- 
be lia» reaped froii^ lyif^^xp^ri^n^ bis mantic iiceneft Almost close \(f Ihe 
toeieiy* aed ffi(ei%clA^ip,i in, the most foundalipna .wiience thegenenU tieitf 
p)eiwnCtMnQura]l^,ai4gi;aiieCa)i,manr i«ay.bfi taken, are the johweh. Mid i&^ 
ner.. . .'Die viiUageof iplyro if coi^iceaW yav4 The view from the tatter iftjB^t 
ed 'bfflieatii iibe rad^ocshire.jraiige of qu*sitely> beautiCnl. >* The* vit^ge ai 
hkUs^peAtevipgno njitm^al orra(:quired roean^ but it's situation ia deUghtfeU 
beantief bywlii^h it is diji^^u^hed. After winding.down theste^d^iSDeot 
ile^iQing to the Hay^ mr. Sl|Lrine» in of it's little street, «o the water's, edgft 
pafl0iiig,'.over, the little brook close 40 ppposite the mil, a favourable auSjeot 
the.teiwni q^iitted the principality. . Ibr the*. pencil is presented, hel whki 
In . A.fi^QVT ON THx xASTiLi^N H^^ Q' vof* Malkin'saftist has availed himself 
THK Wv8 TO Nkw |( ApNo% Mr. Malkin )n a rough buli masterJkf ai|uati«iti Thie 
visited tfae following plape^. Mifm, place gs^e bicth to Tiiomat Jone«» p«^ 
where on; a b!&a4rStone in thercliji^chr pil of Wilton, and fxiend of MertJMei^ 
yard. appeatSL ihe very great age of 219. He died on bis iamily estate* in May 
The^'ni^e::^^ IMlwes near the A^ye. J 80S.; . After passing a cclasiderable 
^^AM*wy**rMg^fc whence yw 8f9e.,^he way>up this, very interesjttiyg^v^UeyriNt 
gi^nndS'^Df Ma§dmtglht ^4^'/^%. ff^A a bend of ihe riva% theftcavelier^* untead 
the Bvecknpckshire hil)s. Maeslougli of punning., it's cireuitonft ^couKN^ 
lookabetfcdlia dist^Bce^ieemingrtoa^ mounts thei hill before him^.;whie>PL 
fe€ftfkej«yleef^vi)laf Thi^nfoadioot ^ds toi the village Cr«grt»a<uwhe»e 
adapted:.lofs,«arriages^ Ixiit to horsen^^f^ ihese is nothing remarkable* . A bad 
and. foot Iravellers is mcHie. interesting fi^Mtdil^iulsctoCd/tQSrii C^ 
ihanlheotkersideoftberjiryer,? Tbosje il^GtiwyitooRianeraineneek Gfifs^m^ 
wtiOrwi|ki:f^: examine bujij^ ;^idej| ,fn^T Mjg oiBoiitbe.bigh. xoad.' from. 3viaUt to 
have mii>ent'PppQrt«niMeib<q^fHr4>M#m i&esteigeyeii thertopof 9 very lhigh<hiU^ 
in statioaany; ferry-boats.. H^&(^^^q:^.if is 4d»mLd»mBifni alaigepool of cmsch^ 
beamtfuliJi^.eiOboftOfned in woiid*^ TtM lar «hapo/«befijit; A<mile inreircumfeiy* 
woKthwh^'tP pass hei^eto the oppgisite .ence; -So lartpRia.bodyof w^ifeeir<»ilr < 
aiderof the f iver,: which e]^h'^]>itfi«M3epf kctied inj juchoftittugtion ift.r»re, yet 
the iweH scenes upon th^ WiX^vi : A.t ibereare phenominftin Idmrdi^^an^hiie 
tlus place. the CS^e<w /entersr,t^ Wy^ fif4(he>sarneikindjaAd(«f.mu!^gxeaMir 
bom 3iieck8Q€k»l»ire» and the Mcicf^^ f«agniitude. < . . - . . . . 

milf kom. B44nqr4bire> iQach du:««tl,y At. Harpion, between Old and New 
•ppcnke.the otheiy: few scenes are Radnor, there /is a large. oak^t girth 2V 
mffltftjufffjoipfi^qfi h!p^ *^^- f^gffi ^ ih^ feet. '<'i>> 

Jtffl^r^wij, bBAjMf c»P «iay'*>QM^ - From th«,Hay,,tP Abefgaveiwinw. 
^*j»We^ Mfc Ml^oww^«*fWiami!YiW Wyindham t«ok the, nearer; toad,; ..The 



^m HEREFORD. <^ 

ttiak- ftver 'the • ffaiterel mountains for ward, over a gfcat bridge of 'ktoae aireh- 

5^itei; 'Wa* intricate and boggy, till cs, with a draw*bridge in the middle, 

»e-Hfta*fe^<he source rtf the Hb«iey, It is now almost obliterated, ^c only 

Ae&r Ch^peky #'V«rf, situated in tlief very vestage oi'Mf part of the bniMinp, be- 

i<Wh68t' nicera of the vale of Ewyas; ing a fragtherttof the sw: cM^ier, now 

Ihe turrent of which he followed it) conrerted into a dwflUfi|f. ' A fter the 

LiAN-ftto-NY Abbey. ■ • conquest, kinj^ William held Hewfocd 

Ob the' left of the toad from Hay to in his bwn deihcsne, and the Bnglish 

BfcEc«*<Jclt;.a stately round tw^t ata- inhabitants remained* subject to varioas 

tltoilnccte 'the ancient retre« of tr*e Clif- stated ctwtoms; but theF^ticM inhabi- 

fwd'fami!y;where^/'aAe/,thetibfortu- tanu were almost exempMd.' The Ist 

nriteson oP Milo earl of Hereford, lost earl of Herefordi after the norman iava- 

his life. ' • '^ " '• • sion, Wkrf Wittiam Pitz 0»b<*ttie, who 

• thtg^iwe. ' •' • • ' land, held the castles of Gloucester and 

i- iiiijt£r5\riletJlirsHti£'^'"" '-^ Hereford in ht* custody* King Stephen 

> rJ ' i . M f,. . M .1 disposed of the whole counter lb. Robert 

>»v-P^<,.,fV^y--rKr,r'^>rrrr.5:Tl>i'v-- ^ BeMambhte, earl of Leice«ter,-oB 

I' ' ! /i c . -. . 'j.n V creating him earl of Hcreftwd/ The 

: riwiWij«ore,8^maep,)yaaiijr,:i,p : ..„ castle* Was afterwards seised by Willi. 

. .-^Ua»in»ter,.i?mi^cH; .v ,i. ; .: tm-tilbot, who advtoced Milo, aoft of 

• HBREFORD. > The era of 4he>i}Hg. Walter to the earldoAMi. In 114-1, the 

ki o^this city, has not been ascertained. Ki6g invested'it in' person, to whom k 

According <o Gale it existed prey kKM was surrendered. Tbe cattle was sto^- 

. to the *yaHr 676,raccordiog to Go^in wards oiurpcd by the barons^ adizedb^ 

hs 610^' when* Peada, kingof Mercia the barlk)r Leicester; and* iNMUMtted by 

lirtd 4 siynod at this place. It 'Waa caU Edward 1 ;'in cbnseqtieiice of htv tubju- 

lad by the Britons, Trefawith, from the gation of 'Water. At the tinyi that hoc- 

btbcli trees; and H^-with, from the tiiities commenced'^ between • Charles 

dldroad. Mr. Goughsa^s it was called and his parliitmentyUhis dty watt sur. 

K4n-f3i!dd. Probably from these the rendered to (he latter. See ' ftnrther, 

Saxons formed it*s present name. DuncumWs " Collections," v.n, p. 227, 

Whatever : was tihe origin of Hereford) & c . ' ' Among ^e public buildings 

it'tf having been Imade the seat of a hi* of Hereford; the Cathedral, the* depriy- 

Mw^' was the>mein^ of enlarging it't ed' of much 'of it's- Tener2A>le ^appear- 

consequence.- U becanie a princip^ ance byihe fall of the w. front in the 

town of «be meiician. Iqingdoto, and ao- year 1786, still stands preeminently 

4*ording to Polydore Virgfl,' biKi a mag^ ebAspiCuoas. This structure owe» it's 

Mfittent'church.uieaiiyai the reign of biggin to the murder of Ethelbert, k4ng 

Oflik' 'Under the West Saxon kings it's of the'^t Aiiglei^ by ^he- meircian 

^o^rcs&was equally flourishing',* and king Offa, -vi^hose many yalulble dona- 

in or about the time of' Athelt(aii#'tlvi tion#' <6 the ehurch which' prerfotfsly 

^ky Was endosed by Walls; which no«^ bc<ropicd the same site,' and' had* been 

imperfectly remain, tho^ trnprbved and dedicated to saint Mary, ha» occasioned 

•strengthened at various pertod^/^'SAth^ him to bd s6ttietimes considered as the 

7^dii>4055 a formidable atfmj^^under th« ToUhder of the Hew Cathedml (in tbe 

ddihthandt of GryfEythv-a lovescvgpn tif ton^srmctlon ^f which thbseigifts were 

•Walesiarid Algar earl of-Ohesterjenierfc «pp!!ei)'erected by MilArid^ a viceroy, 

•ed' the city, wheteon^dveadfuLcalmag^ or provincial governor under Egbert, 

•^iued; «na the Cath«lTal whs buratL about the year 825/ Within" less than 

:Sc(oit:^ttfcerward« ^HatoliiMreturned xi SOOyeiirs^ however,'it appears to liave 

lierefOK^ rebuild tiie wralh^dfounded fallen 'icrJiolly to dee&y, and was rebnilt 

Che Gaslile.' * -The latter* occupied a patt by tbe munificence of bishop Athelston, 

of the 8. and i. sides of the rit^v having or Kthel^tan; who had been appointed 

the Vivei^ Wye on the > i.- and defended to this seelri the year 1 013, and presided 

|yy 4' largfr and ideep -moat* ^n the i«. till the time of his decease in 1 055. > in 

and E. sides, to the angle of which tta^ this fetir, the cathedral was destroyed 

WHU 'tff the city extended. The en- by 'fire as' i>ei^ore-menti(taied. It cim- 

tthtoce was on die n. side of Ihe eastern tiimed in' rtiins tillflbout the year 'l019» 



am«heuDtti4i}erOf9atfdj^dii?ii!^#(<:(kn' t«iiti^¥6imrt^(ei'yi^at«y^WaASie€&i:^ - 

inencttdiiMi«vr'Mkictui«'oti'tt^ model' ofthls'^ie^ai^fitt^ ftbttithe'Sf^cSetit'C^^ 

Chapelleyn.injGerttoanyr L«ite^ dietf frbtrtittade<juacr<if the fumfc^ <ftt'*ifi4nEf 

m/Junej^fl.09^,'b»*b» d€Sigi» WSsafteN the'ivjmt'bf ^toll'to-lfHe arcftitettiltrW 

waniB soih^l^ed hy :l94«ti«it> 'R^yrielm. 6fl«clft ar<^^d^ltWy;i!^ b« Ihhl^t^diiti- 

cliaed<;U*«rstor«h^qfuedri'xyf 'Henry 1, asAui^Bt«feffi#«etrtct^i'eat«y1Vom'i!hf 

^h€r.«patoi«ii^6di)y*'ttnt iking w¥th SHlttlfilitV'c^f thtf Wigirialddsigii}^ '*nic? 

the rmf^dndcroMerrabout the y«9(f<1096i great^dodti as it' fioW appei^s, can ha^V 

He^heiditthidfieetti) 4iV$ death in Ocv. iy ^(Roifn^ar^toany thiftig'^l^^thjctfiaf 

1<M5:< mile ocat^al «d!Mrev wtt bc^it ai< i^ry->i>ll^ft^m^-iiiehe, with' ait (»bi!trsl$ 

boutikiCsmiiryAfter by biilibp»£H^idms iifch/h&AS^by two butresses, and sjd¥- 

d»:Jteam6^ocBraoe^wliO'p(lftstiM^the MdUi^ted '1^'l»tt)ementii^ -the gH^aiS 

8ee£rGQn'lfilfy)>toia246i'^^TIi«^4o^«ier o^ wiisdio^ Wia-th^^^il^hpoVmc^sVfle-^h^ 

verthe >cd^re idf- the attciefit wvliiant the c^M^fe terMctate^s With baltleihentijc 

app«acsifiabaile beetuthe iiesiaddhk>ii) attdha's ah eihjity'ttfkh^. ''(Besides- ttid 

aod jnaf bcrefened to th^-^f iftie o^ Et)^ ba(t»l»^irJabt>temeiition^^thel^a(f^ 

wa^d-9, lorffbeginniagi'df l&dW^d' 3J ha8'3>4ivd-^si^d and «-<idiKfn^bi^re6'i 

Furtfaei! JsAtfiratiocnS' w€»e mtfAd^at^sbbse^' sds 'f t}^ ^e^&i'^et <lhe ^'skte ctotity ar& 

^K^nirperiMiis t tlie g»ea(? «r j wihdoW iii' palttf' i8^ttfe'»^<t«Hie. .-. • • • •^Thfc-^Mfct^i 

tldsicaoctwasniadervndievithe^a^tf^:* f iOfitf^^heF^lyat^ bn the #;8ide^preMi^ 

tendaihcBie&MiiUiam Iii3uaiia«d,Ja^r)d6^' in»th4f «^ '6rl|inal^aara£t^rjvhi6r« the 

iKshO'diiid>inl4dd^itod a^bmtiffbl W tops<'^$'¥l^b4it€i>68)s^; cfiete&t6^<WJi]^-i 

p6rcb-.waB)lBiaUt bytltfshopiBotiCh;/ W-^ A^yvtr^/ rla^a}i^'' &cl;'aire modemc' th¥ 

ti4i^eca Urp^i yean -Id'l A aud" 'ISaSi ^Th^ prihfcipaV^'wittab^* •toi^espdrid' Wifli 

chointiisrasr (fitted up ^nod^'deedrated ^by «hos6 bf thfe's.' «Wfej • TfafeP&ftih,' Whii6fif 

DedaDylefvabbuditherifek 17^^ but fonhd the'*|$Vimd«ntrah6ebathiftfi^tint'/ 

theiastfahiemtioaffld^adyeotisklerable dod'twas buiit'-by bisho]^ Sobtfa; abbtit 

iinpM<BXBcelave«6)(r6iy ^entdaeei^attd thel?otnhY<^6ihehtof thelSth^Jeritu^ 

haiexiricsn cflfeciwi iiqc»n««l» wBeri i««'t*mttiicitedwith4ctdSWr«*f.8riiiff 

tJiebovfe»^3Ve»Itt^W/^front'f avis- Way, pili&M s{i|^|:^{ing ikS* ^m^tfy ^iritfetf 

and fea tt>H»g¥«Uftd,doKt6yiMgali thfe areHcs,^»J3l<^tol^- Which are ';6pefl '»J* tHft 

hujldihg imm^iately.ben^ah' it, to* chu¥<*iy«f^,^«tia th<^'4tb leads ilit^tfte 

gethei*'wsih«headjoinittg« parts of the? eathedtalj ' The doWlmns-^^ ^S**fe*fi^'ttf 

nave;: Ther%. ehd^ has ainc&^\ie^fi'iei hlei^,'frt*V!S^'>ateet #oifrf-tH^ Wv« 

built undctf the dipigtiori ol rtitvWyatt,* of' i<hcif capitals to'the 4?fbwn'xif' tttef 

and.theJwh6ieca»hedr*l]i«epairdd.> " ♦ at«*]fttalCThgit!ofty'attd'ftoffited.'- The 

The gso^ral plaiy of HkrkifoTd Oathedfk! esfpksAi'zfe '^fiteirt and 'dfCttlai'iMdiviacja 

is.thao«>f a.Cn»8, wTtibfa lesser ttehsi^pi? i(«^'s»V^rtl'I^«in»/'gVadirany defcreas- 

towardstheiE.arid a Cbap^^Jdcdleafta ftf^ 4^ their cirdifh/efertdfe frb*ii, thaii 

to jrtife?Vwgin Miwy* bcydW**. : FiteiW WiV^ch istjpf^ermostf: TAe-3 ptihtl^l 

thei»int©rsodtlon.<rf the^ntt^te ttttfd trSifi m^uJd^wgs <if tttfe ar^i teadihj^' ikitd'th^ 

sepW^iees ?i:siqnj(ie«ttitt|e>lOWfefVWhicW chorfeh are-fcrfridnSiy scuJpturcfd. ■ The? 

had formerly H!8piwo*fi?iattber'upoii'4ti roof'ii*V^tik«d'With^tofite,' and'divided 

cased ' ^hh iead//and risitig 1 99'fe«|i%* by rib* Ih tb iw^gfelac *omp5siptrrtent8, W^itH 

height aborefchetbaitivMeMsl; bwifiM ^atfefo1IW^fttfJfttbdr«folhge, at their 

wa${iuHoddowndiinki»{h0l«t<iTepalh^j imerae^ldHs^.'^^Oti eac¥)i'8ide6f*the'x. 

itt'wtdeitaKTelicv^ theatftieiftf «bfrtd%Vi &t tto«f =iai^hMs>'«ri"he«^6i4al' turret; 

er fR>i»«oiinich>o^ibei|ii]i(eviAt^tflbefil haVift^ 'wihdfii^-ittririciisefr,- wftifch \^d 

weigfic; • T6e .gveat^ twitteprld n6t ttf'a'tfinaH'ai^^eVeAhe jJdrdi : « thcfie 

unfferm.dt'k^iv^fefidlblQii^tmtettpaei^ai lurriei««i«4¥te Wlhdb^ '<«ft-all' sWds,'^^^^! 

tiiBn,tt»{«:>v yeCiWBtadditidnaJ'btfi-ld^ oe^tfie^^wtA^h *ttat»h tij'tWe cathe- 

iog». «oi«niised -asi ' the' CHapvev ifldii8i^, dPai- ' : ^n- WW* sides^f thte froht or outer 

biiit arip^nallf e&i{^l«fyQd«i8) the TVdk^ MrhMf^ alscr^ tj«afrt^fer»«ia A Sir^ltei 6ri. 

ryy giveslit'i app'earaiitc( i afl:air of sym- nainciited tt'lifli follti^ f'dbove is a wh?^ 

Hic^r)*.^.«;. w.iT^j5fla«i<U»opartsof>*We Aw^kihdet' an-'arch'ltesa? )>b*h'tfed thaM 

nMMedrabsfaro^.v^idiMiaiiddi^in'appe^K ihiis^'iiC'tl^torcH, -and '^o^ppdned -by 

ance,< and lipmi^aiMl^^uihc^Am^ehA- iiMkli«ifftWFir«dluilin». ' Th^^pr^hprd-^ 

str^icaon.of tbefnefn^;lroiif4li«fi»ebi. i««»'b*jfoi«^that- <(^ich iSfl^oie^^aiici^n^ 



m^ HSR£EOUr. t4» 

of^.<;a^tbedral»V4ukedal6awithftoiiev avefitoin a»d«ueiili 
^a U»srlb» wbich diy etigs ia Sdirec- bavi^^iQiiie Maage oa diiM* 
t^QDji firoi^ each coro<y ; .ihose on die «o4 pC tkh chapeL bat SiJmk 
fides foria ,^e ar<fh of thfiix reipective dow«i Uiom on Uie tides ^tainmikf^O' 
wails ; and those in thq nuddle meet ia clioios ^ •lieigbt fiRom that ia the oeo- 
a centre orb, adorned w^Ui: Wsige : tre: between each* on clien4di,«ie 3 
skniUr ribt also meet the orb at . rigibt niches under trefoil atdiet ; 4lwe ais 
angles from the ojfpimf» s^s* In tiie sculptured loaeBget^ and otter ^twi- 
K. wall is a niche, 13 inches Jliigbrua* menu of an oblong fonn: still Ingbev 
dera trefoil arch, adorned v^ith croc)^ is a seriet of pointed trefoil arcfaen, widi 
^ At the sa. angle of the an* battlements above, and yinnarlfB taitthe 

qient pofjch is a small, circular tower, angles. The windows on the at. aiis 
with a winding stair-qase.;, .(.his; jreach'* are a^ of the lancet form, fatt are di» 
ing above,, the parapet^ tennmat^s in vided into 2 Jiighu.by>a tingle- nnllioa: 
podimepts, prnamented-. w.Uih f;^9fkst» aboYejtbemiS'SCuipUsradaiaBgBOKK* 
^n the«ides,and the besMis of auunalt ties of tanon arehes and piUafl^ laatcr* 

?^^. top. ! The ^* «nd of the great seoingeach otbei i still higjhor is aiid 
ransept ifi plain, but . the summit emr teriesof skntlar axcheat thean ne witfa» 
(auled> andiit's sides arf stj^gthened out columns^ and fotm what, it caJM 
by njias^ive bvttsestet. Ontbe:a«aod thei.Corbet Table. A ttnatt CfanpeU 
1^ fiidk^^ 9f^.2 yt^ lofty and nnr^w bulk by bishop ▲udley,attfaelntaer end 
windpv^iofsiightsyundershatp.peinu ol the 13th centu^,. pt o j B ctt on. tfaii 
ed archestwitb small cirQilaK.Qolumna iide,.andldims' Sparu o0».iieaBgon) 
and mo!Ul4iAiii abov<e are co^bf 1^ « and each part coacains a^windo^i^aisiider the 
tti^/^igjiier, pn tbe parapet towards the flat . ok obtuse arch, in(it>dnciBd abont 
w^ty is sculptured a range of trefoil thacpetiod: |tkett|>periviikdow«ranedi^ 
arcbiss. On the a. sid^ an^ also d of the vided into 6 comfB»tmentt,'bf 21 nontti^ 
^Cf (B^t norman windows,t with circulas om and a tranion, nnuch omamentedi 
archf^s .toigether with, another smaU the headit alto ramified into'ilinliyini* 
and <;ircular tower* formed in the angle ciful diiiritiona : thnloweriWiiidoiit ace 
andreachingabove theroofof thetraoh smaller, and o6 anoversimfdecoBttroe* 
a^p^ Setweei^ this and the lessee tran* tion^- The paiapet above b aoiautfed 
fepi i%a Um. Cbapel, bu^ilt )yy biahon and has a row of small cluttered- paiart, 
S^l^ury, about ^^ middle of the 15th sculptured intmediately madcr It, ani 
€ei)tu^9 having two windpiya' under supporting trefoil arches. Thes. 

obtuse, arches.. T^e arches of the win^ end of the smaller trantepc hat 5^ large 
d9WSonthe,H.andE.fidiBap<a>esaudl. windows, each divided by muUionB 
er transept are also of the obtuse ^irm $ into principal lights, with cinque, 
and on the northern summit of this ti;an« foil arches; the tpaees above termi- 
acpt ^s a low and p^in cross : the but* najDeii^.a^ trefoil 'in the centre, and a». 
tiesses between the. windows are very other on each side ; the a. windows 
shelving and prominent. . Qn the consist each of 4 li|^. under tic^ 

N. ^de of (he Chapel, dedicated tp. Our arches : on the summit^ towardt the t. 
Lfidy, biit now used as the Library,! .a«e is. a tmall stone crass. The t. end of 
6 ^indow.s, of the l^cet J^rm, support-* ^he great tsansept has one large window 
ed by small circular pillarsiaireUar to underanobt]»teaiGh;.,andaddinacir* 
those in use at the beginning of. the :13th culac form above 'it which indndes a 
century; and not. uncommon in the irefcHl. The ibtmerit divided into 6 
reign of £dward 1 . between these aM long and« narrow lights, under cinqne- 
, circles excavated ii>.the.w^, having in foil aechet t and. the head it timilariy 
ihe^jcentnes humaniaces, and o^r 4e^ divided into IS partt»under trefoil arch* 
vic^ ; : abov^ is a. scries of intersi^tjing «» < t;he. i^urses of afeoi^ abdut it pl»n- 
arches and. columns^ tlie capitals, rof lydjemonstrate-thatthtsformitaaaher. 
which are adorped with Miage : a plain atiooi from the original window, and 
parapet surmounts U^ewholjQ. A porch thesameit obsermble.itiamore^funt- 
yaulted and groinedwith stone, projects ed window towardt'tbe w. . Jfata side 
gn th^ ^ide»,and leads to the vaults un*^ hat also a smaller windownndcran ob* 
4^1 \^£^^iWP\ : the outer arch is point- tuse arch, oontatoing a |tf incipal ligibtt, 
ed, witb a plain round naoulding over spbdiyided. by tn»aoflnB,amfcciacfa light 
it ( xiie inn^c arch if also. fi^iiin^sd;. bat is<ter«ifpa|Qd byHicinqiielbilaBdL: the 
has the Aig-z?g ornament ; - the columtu imoic^.' UmA of itfiit vtnodeioiaed wwr 



flu wmmnim m 

d«v wptokaMf ik' lie CQUteteit from dotnod witb Immim keaib and fbUagei; 
Ihe^ MOfiott JMksfnd ztgwza^ ofiiafineBtei and on oii^ ol them, iit the Si akle^ xsit 
•f one mfjCiw Maan6 wall, the nie oC whole leiif^h makr figure iaan.oixlofeii; 
WJiiefthasiieeiisapenBededby'thatde^ shield. The entrance into the <;ead of 
scxibed f but above.it u still to be seen tib» great transept is under a low- and 
9e conesponding range of saacon aicfaet {loiofied arc^, whiefa originally Teached 
and colomnsi - The (Principal windows almost to the ceilings but has been pairO- 
on the s< side of the nave, are 7 innlaaii- ly filled up ;■ and oyer the daor is. a 
ber,' Witli strong projecting buttresses niche and pedestaH : somewhat low)er» 
between them; they consist, likethose on each; side, is a smaller pedesiad; 
on the Nt. side« of ^ lights under tvefoil The k. end of thereat transept, caUed 
arches^ the heiiul having acinquefoil in St. Catharine's Aisle; is now used as tfatt 
the centre,, wit^ 52 trefoils ui<deir»it: a^ parochial Church of St. John the BapL 
boveave corbels, letiresentingTeaes^ fo^ tisti (his Us divided ftom a smaller aislOy 
liage^ and' heada of men and aniinalsi on the east, by 2 latched on smaH chu^ 
TJae <:leiestii^ iWiadbws, which^farm tered colnma8,:liaving plain capital^ en 
part of tfad new wevlc of the nav«v are tUe side pillars, and a Mind of vohite tn 
also uixderfiotnted at^hes,- with corMi thosie in t^ centre; these avchesatedee^ 
above, designed to imitate tke former, orated wkh ribbedmooldings, fn variant 
TheereatQriBentralTo#er has lostnnwfk patterns $ that tn the middle consisu of a 
of it's prtmicive cfaaractcar firMn rnddetn serieiofsmallqoatiefoils^in q>en woAi, 
repaiaktions : in it'aori^nal 9Dasi, hwaft which has a very light and ihandseoaie 
jmassiveiuid embattled; thewholewas ajipearance; the^ outer mduldiog lieiti 
litidy studdedover with naii«head ; and mi hoiaan beads ai corbels. Above iii 
it waafuvtherdistiagttished by th&round a range bf arcades, under trcrfoil araM 
mouldtng, triangubo: frette, aig^vagi of elegant workmanship ^ eacharesde 
imd other approi^riate ornaments in the is divided into three openeompartmeqii 
saxon style i but, :altho' the, form and by small columiis^ clustered and cifcu*- 
de<ioratiohs were thus strictly saxon, lar{ thebead'of«veryarchisorqainenti> 
tbedis{k>8stionoftheseornanienti were ed wkh 3 qoatrefolls In cirddsr tllft 
in eohformity to the pointed styles mouldings corresiJond with thoseof'tht 
while each side of the tower contamed arches, having this middle omatiientdd 
8range85»fligbt8,4 in each range, and of as before) and those on the Mdes PklL 
the kHucet (moL . Ths interior of bed. Beeween tbeionter moulOing*'^ " 
Che Cathedrid is still very interesting; the several arches, the walliitf well 
though it's former venerable' appear- sCTilptuied in a mosaic pattern; rGpt& 
ance tm been greatly destroyed by re- senting 4 leaVes expanded in each 
cent alterations, and by the removal of square : a comtce, shnilar to the onfa^ 
various sepulchral memorials^ painted mented moulding, extends horizontally 
glass &c. The nave. is separated from over the whole, which comprizes 6 aiu 
the aisles by a double row of massive cades. The opposite or w. wall, is Icsk 
eolomos, sustaining circular ardiesjcu- decotated; but it contains a handsome 
la/sasly f decorated with mouldings of -circular arch,. originiaUy' used as a wini- 
aig^ag, nail4iead,loatoges,:interwov- dow : the^ arch 'is ornamented with a 
en twi^ and other nmaments : most double row of s^lsag, resting on circu- 
of the icapitkls are plaonly sculptured, lar«ol\imns, with square capitals: the 
but those nearest toxthSMchoir- display base of thJis window j^rojects, and is 
some welilexecuted)foliage. The arch marked with the hatdsed ornament, 
adjoining the 8. side of the choir, has; fl^fdrethe> late alterations^ the Windows 
however, been altered from it's origi- of the nave were adorned with the armtt 
naVfbrm and stripped of. it's oiteaments : of variousnoble families; 5t€. in painf#> 
the^ arches ak6 nearest the west door, ed glass. ' The navels terminated 
have been reMult in a plaih manner by a plain screen, through which is ther 
. ^ince the fall of the w. end. Over the entrance to the Choit, under a i^ointed 
arches and immediateiy bJ^lowtheiK^in- arch : above is a^ large and well toned 
doiws of the nave, is a range of arcades^ Organ, over which a noble circular arek 
«ind^pointed«rches, sustained on smaU extends, and supf^ts the west sideb( 
. clustered columns. The whole fobf the tower 9 the arch is decorated WitH 
u vaulted, md' groined with stone, and sig^ag and naH-headed omamentiL 
^Vided; by ribs> into compartment* Of The choir' is lofty, and well t>roporti0ii- 
Tariour.forms i Some of tfae^^rbk ate a- ed; it containA 50 stalls,! with orna- 



«4S ffe^i^&SOii 244 

angntU ctoopiet i^.«b8wpoiiitedlii^e:i with tlier««Uing: f Mln(Meir> wMs aad 
Ahftse tfaio* compoKdof w<io(l,.w0^ii«^ itttffimitfeviODfardiepiilMated oo thii 
:cd)bfv a «txN)e'catoi]#9 ' vnder > the «eiilf toreeo, in*i range abow, andiothets form 
to6 carved various groceique andluditi^ atetitHbelowf they arepiaccdin com. 
tons'ddvtcei and fignres. Above, ttie pactmetita,'or nktiet/<«iider'icaiiopiett 
'oak wmntoottmg'oAithe sidesof tiie aAi aatftfaewlMle ia ureii w^oi^ria«eooe, 
tar^ ace .rich open circular arches, wHh and richly patntcdia irttrioustCBliMirt. 
otbcn atiU higher, in the pointed sif ie I lai the :passage, oc . aitleifon: the- v. side 
a-^ht of 7 steps toadi" to the iktti ot the choif, pro)ectinsiD«ae.tfae ^rial. 
.^hioh i^as a sumptiioBs and elegant ap^ ground* is the- Ghapel erected hj bisb^ 
IwUranoe. . : The eastern terming, op ^tmAmy ; the roctf ol iviiieh is vault* 

tion^of the Cathedral ia formed by 'the ed; and adorned with schlptUted niches, 
Chapelt of our Lady, now used as th^ QinqiieCnils^ and other devices. Some 
Jblbrary, and eontaiiilin|[ a valuable co^ weU «secated foliage tfteir omnmeoti 
■leotiott of books and manuscripts, arj> iiierVRailSyWhicb^ontlieiH. and w. sides, 
iBanf^d^n clasiqs : -moat^of them. relate fkrtt^lsC»deoorated>with ^hittldB^ some 
40 uBOclesiastical' biatory. One of the of J^rn allusive tbacripnirabatibjects; 
.0r0ai»tt cufiositieil io •this chapel, is an 8lid«tfacKs displa^pingtthcf aijpas of Stan- 
smoiientrMapoCtherWoifld, oo vellnm^ b.itrywTof 'the see and'dhao»y oi Her^- 
illomiiiated iXrith . gik aaxon letters^ an^ feid, •JcA.' - • The^lpeneral dimensiooi 
Jbavuig inscriptions: im black letter, of ; this cathedral are > asioUow : ck- 
riEhediffierent places appear to betnark^ tteme, length, ^^& feet;; from the w. 
«dhy.aniinals,houses&d;butthe'whole door io' the choirv* ISO feef>; length of 
u so thitkly Covercd.whh dict» that the tiie choiv, 96 feet; frorashechoir to the 
Mlde^gn cannot be traced. • This map bbraay .door, . 24.feet ^ length, of the li- 
liKiontaalned within- a frame ornamented hcary, 15 feet f. extent of the great tran- 
hf foliage' in^ tbe<pointed style, and .had septy 1 OOfeet ; breadth of she nave and 
<Qngifl2llly. shutten: to • pmser ve it front side aides, i74 feet ; .hreadthof the nave, 
jfijucy I it waadisGovered under a pile 38 • feet ^; height of the 'body of the 
9fi lumber some years ago»> and is even chuK:h,>91rfeet; height from^ tl^ area 
W)>M(Sidfilciet)tly neglfcted. The win«v to: the vaulting '70 feet. ^ - The Se- 
d«W9 in.^bi6 pait of tlie buildingvare in pukhsral Memofials ih thisstrtactMre are 
JM hiAcet f<>rm and ate separated from still numerous ; tho' Jmany were defsc- 
sachcitllfer fay recedingclusters of small ed, and swept away, artfae Reformat 
l^i^lars^supporting pointed arches» rich<- tion ; others were demolished in the 
if: ornamented with loliage and single time of the civil war); when the libia- 
Aeaves^iin open-work of great elegance iy» and other ^rts» suffered greatly ; 
Jiod lii^tncss,: the capitals of the piUars many aw concealed by the pews in the 
-ate similarly ornamented, aad quatre- n* transept, and more .brasses were ac- 
Jbils in circles are introduced over the cidenUily sold among the old materials, 
.windows.. ^eneaththQlibrai^isavatttt disposed of after the -general repair in 
fPr crypt, which has of late years acqwir- 1?6/S » the last, .which in « considerable 
jed.thenameQfpK>]gotha,iRnnitfahav«. degree might have supplied the want 
(ing been made.a place of. deposit foDiihs of appropriate decorations in the new 
human bones di^turb^ in -the rdpaite part of the Churchy- were for^naiely 
of the ;Cat))edral*. . . The interior - of rescued fsom* dse furnace by a friend of 
3isliop Audley/s Chapel^ which. opens the, arts, and arelaow placed in the col* 
into the libcary^ has a vaukedxtoof^ lection dfRichard}(Bonghi esq. > 
SKobofiA wiil?(.fitone» and divided, by One .of . the most celebrated^ of the 
iStnalliibs ioto various compartments; tombsf or monuments isrtfaac u> tiie me- 
4he 'grpURd of V which isi painted blue; xnory'of die bishop, i;hoaias Cantilupe, 
tand the ribs red, with gilt edges. The who. died ialhe.yiear 4d&^ slnd was 
ceptroiorb . has a. tepresentation of the caaootzedi in ?1 31 kh Th* jeputed sane- 
iVirgin Mary^igiU* and sttrrounded with ttty-oftbisprekuroctjakiotted his tomb 
»jg^c>!ry of the same : on^the4>rb.are.the -toibe v^ited by jHl^rinMnand: tsavellcrs 
4«cieii,t . and • modern i atms of die. $ee^ irakn all parts.of»£uTQpe$.~aodit is still 
and also those pf the .Deanery; mothers ilegarded with^MoenatiiKiiby thqCtoh- 
lace/ieporated^with'fQHage, and varions olios. • . It is composed afiifree-sione, in 
.appip^tat^oKanf)eni»»:. Agothl^scce^n .the .alitar form/ iMftd had drsginally a fig- 
^l^pan^l^; t)M» chapel from the library, ure opedigiisstof the bish^, inlaid' in 
4Mid if. painjEed and giU> to correspond 4urats, together with, d tableti and an 



943 HIBKEroRDL 280 

It}scviptioti.tound the ff^eT^,o£ the same black lef tec;.:.; ^ :::iirtho^s.'jetadof%Mr 
if>etaLt bmthieseaseaUlottordestrby^^ Sneat traasepftis an altaff^mon«undiit,'ofi 
ed«: abovc^iover the whois tomhw isi'ai alabaster,- in >QdintneinoiatiK>n.of Alex4 
low : stone; canopy, supported on-: 6acb ander Denton^'aiid^AjiZDev- ius 1st ivafe^ 
side- by 6 -trefpil archqsy and by 2>at iCbe their effigies juris placed: ^on. the ^^rttitfi 
WVend; the, end .'towards thCE.. ts.at^ t»getbertwith.that!of;aB<iafantinswadw 
tacbie4 to thesrall: the^^rcbes^est on dling ckythes.- (The Lady died iDl56<»y 
low circular' .piHars« with square- eapi^ in- her 18th year^ afid'iva^ buried heioey 
tals. .R^nnd the tomb, below these, un*i a&appearsiitdm/theioEsctjfption; vhiidi 
der corresponding h^t^ dnq-ue£Qil nicht als«re|Mresents/thiBfipot'a&hechiisbaDd^ 
es, are small full4ength effigies o£^14 gtajveibuterroaeouslyvashewasin^firci 
k o ights in armoury hearing shields:, these ed fit < HiUesdon; jin 1 5n 6; • having. mai>; 
figoces have been miMCh mutilated. • , ried a -Qd, lady, who'Was. likewise biai»« 
Under alofty arch, which opens from the ed. .at tbt saraeplaeB<..;'j Against the w^ 
aisle of the above' tram'ept into thepa»^ svuilh;Qf!(thts ..transept, lii a haindsoojo 
sagefiCJctthechoip/is.^^aUiafc' monument moimmefi^ iomemlory'of De4nXyi«Ci 
ia .commemoration: .1^. Bishop 'Aqua^ who died < iii Julyy. 1724; andpfSarahi 
bUnc^ wbose.effiigi«$, mitred^ aodclad his lady, who diedin^Hovember lUS^n 
IB episcopal rebefiyiies on the.tomV heet loathe choiirrand; fiilin^ivlp. neariyithe 
neatb aistone canopy. aupperted^byl^ :\v hole space bisneach /one of the arcboq 
light pUlaraonie^ch Md«j &>iliHng 6 epm- on the «. <side, is an . elaborate motaNn 
ps^jtmentftinihe r lancet; fprm, aod ter*- mentAothememoty.dfBishopBisse^imd 
ininati])|p in trefoil arches 2 abQv;earer3 Bridget > his lady^K!cho;vras.dastghtec4if 
quatiefoiis ; uni ;sdU ^ higher, . as ■. many Jli9ina% dukeiof Leeds, atiii- was coua^ 
xrefoil^alldta circJbBs, .under! amall paints esis uf Plymouth^ by >he!r ilat marriage : 
erd cano|xiei, ornamented w^th'CTocket^, the formea^diedifi 3«|>tembet3, 11:21 1 and 
*c. The whole is , a beautiful, speci- theiatter in May.!? 18. ; j ? .i in an areh 
men. of the n€h)andilight effect qC the on- the if. sid^ q6 tijte &lt^> Is tthe tomb 
pointed stymie of .arcbitectme< - In x>f.BiabQpBepRetj;W'hodigdan>October« 

the N* wall o£the. Library,.^der recessr 1615 • and. whose>effigies lies, undec a 
ed. arches^ are.:^ ancient monument^^ canopy suppbrtedi by. black miaxUe coir 
traditionally recorded to commempratp ,xwnn§ of ;tbe icorinthian ,0cder. .Near 
Humphrey de Bohun, earliof H,eieCord, tbis^ Qfijan aKtac mlbnument> is^the effi- 
and hirs Coun|:ess; and. perhaps with giesof j^isbopBrab'sfCepB^cdpallyhabitr 
more.justiee thantbQse attributed to the edr andisiitstailAing ttoroodel df a tow^^ 
aameperson^ tn Gloccster. Catibedral. . er; 'w:i»9 left-hand ) >be: died in Novmn9> 
Under aM-arcli in t the s., wall* and in ber,fl2il5t •. Jn the s. aisle of the 
which -are CWA 1 basoiOi or.:cavit»e^t>,fpr aavc is;t^)ntereflfing,:tho.' mutilated 
holyt water,:, ift pJi{»ced; the mutkUted tomb, in. memory of sin Richard JPemi- 
effigies lOfjaiady wearing a coronet: on bruge, or Brydges^ an ancestor of the 
her 'succdftt .wOf^^ paanited the ar<m&. of londs^ Cbandoil;^ vi^hoj was knight o^. the 
£<iglatnd,: >whteb are now almiQSt.fle.racr garter in the time of Skbvard .3, and died 
ed : this figure was .dug ;up some years in 4.$75> Hiseffigiesr^presehts him in 
laga 'in the «ntr»Me > to ithis -'Chapel. clpse armour,* wvith his hands in the attir 
Under, another arch, in the same ifvall, xi^de:,of prayoi, and a greyhomnd at his 
li©s<-heeffigy.ofrDeanBerB\M,of Bote*, feet; ■ Xhe-righ.t leg -of.this figure hav^ 
rue I: on the^i^ontofithe arch are severr if^beenbrokenoffand'iodt^it'splacehas 
al boars passant, witb-leai/esi of. rue. in beeas\Q)Eplied|by,an/ew.one of wood, on 
thcait inoutfaftrfin .allusion., tp : bis.namQ. which >iij.e;n*Qqbwcha^, absurdly ^art.*- 
in liherpiissage' oa il>e ^vsidorof ^e eda>3dr!gar(e<!i?..ivQt.knowki»&(t^atiJhi$ 
choir,/in -arohe&.fif , the walls, sire altar ^ged^f thieoiKler is by. etiquette conu 
monuments. of] seyK^raltEishopQ,.. with iiAed tpthe leCtJieg.: the arms of the 
4.he^.effigieW:Qj^idCPpaily habited j and ^deceased are repeated round- the tomb 
also a largfes^^b, -bH^autifuily inlaj4. ptilth in ) qnatTerQJUj,i : Jp th« opposite aisle, 
•brats in niemary, of dean Frpwces;- mi^f^ pointed .arch<w)thaf;inquefpil 
tre,)WiiQ*4ied>in.ihe.yjeai: 1S29« . Th4^ top rising to A>:p6diment, with gilt 
effigietf of tlie^eanis: (represented un- crock^and aiinial«>i8 the effigies ol 
ider a hai;idsomi& canopy, richly adorn- Bishop JBooth,.clad in- a rich, episcopal 
ed,«nd supported by saints : beneath, habit with rhis be^ reposing on a piU 
am latin. vetses. on »:tab)et:) and round loiu^i on leach side of which is an an^ol i 
the verge pf -the 8t«ne an 'inscription in jbii px^laie !diad.i».^ayi,. 1 5J3i5. . 



Wt HBRESORIX 940 

Bc^des the penonages alteadf umito eonniiaiMly •» *nuiioii»*aiui uMlcM^f 
tioasd, nany others of emineace have aadocdert .wcne ginaoi- by the bishop 
bee^ interred in tfaia Cathedral: amonff- for i^ deiaoiition; tboagb h wm 
them are numcnuu biahops. John weUbkaMwnat the tiaae ihat teaa than 
Pbilips, the poet, wa< abo buried beve, 90L would bave^pot it into^aa goad le- 
kk the year i708» at the age of 3S: aa* pairatith»dbeeaiiiduriD|^400]rBaiai • 
inscribed slab, in the n. part of (he great The Biabop^s Cioiateri, which fionoa the 
transept^ marks the place of his inteiw. ebrnmunicalioQ between the cathedral 
aaeat. Under the 9d window of and the Fatace» inclote an area o£ aboot 

thes.aisle,isacuripotandveryavKiettC lOO^ feet square, apptopriated to tliepfiv- 
fonti recently brought from anothex posefofsq>Ultitre,aaddistingttialwdby 
part of the church: the diameter ii the naase of Our Lady's Afbour : the 
MMirly 3 feet, and the sides four inches archea of the- windows are obtiaaa^ bat 
in' thicknesf^ leaving a vacusiy saffi- the windows themselves are diwmfied 
oientkf large fibr the immersion of in* by ranoas raa^ilications. Tlie w» side 
Caatf. On the outside are repMsented, «f these cioisteva was deatrayed ta 
in^-refief^ the 12 apoftloi in as many the time.ofSdwtedSyand aGraaunai 
i^iohes, lundersazon asches^ studded tehobi erected oalhe site: this also 
witl^theaajil'head ornament, and sup^ havia<|f beoome greatly deaayedy was 
pefted on pillars with fbUaged capitals, taken down about, the-yeav 176(V and 
aiMl farther ornamented with the spiral a larget butiding was eiacted ee the 
bflild, zig-aag, and other corresponding spot bysubscriptioo, under aa <aag a g » 
deeoiat)ons« Over the figures of the a- ment that» in adihtion to tbe osei 
postles, which are 15 inches in height, of a school, it should be; applied to 
and much mutilated, is a broad band, the triennial meMiags of the a choin 
encircling ttse whojie, marked in relief of Hereford> Worcester, and Olooano^ 
liirith a series of ornament, resembling and to other piublic occasions : firaai 
the letter T, idtemately inverted : the this application it has-been termed the 
whole i« of common stone, and support- Music Room. ' The materials, of which 
ed on the backs of 4 sejuUons. it is built, are partly stone and partlf 

Almost all the buildingr- dependent on brick : it^s length is 80 feet, it's breadth 
the cathedral, are situated on it's s. side, 4(X, and it's height the sayne. This 
where once was.a beautiful Chapter- school has the pr«viAege el preseotiog 
fiouse^ and a Chapel of very high an- to 15 scholarthipsatSt; John's College, 
tlqulty. The ibtmer stood at a short d&s- Cambridge^' io taw with Itfanchesta 
tance from the end of the great transept, and Mariboibogh « -k presents likewise 
and was elegantly constructed in the to ]5scbolarships-<atBra2en-Koae Col- 
pointed style of architeotuie* Thedemo^ lege, Oxford. Ttiitlthaol was founds 
litidB of this structure was commenced ed in 1964, under the aospices of Bish- 
during the civil wars, when it was op Gilbei^. The Bishop^s Psalace 

stripped of it's covering of lead, and ex- is aoi ancient building, pleasantly >aituat- 
posed to the weather r it's destruction ed at a little distance 'freoi the.bankaof 
was accelerated about the beginning of of the Wye :( it'»outward appearance is 
tbe< last century by bishop Bisse, (who by no means prepOMessiagy tho' many 
pulled partof it down in order to ap- of the appattmenu are fitted up with 
ply the materials to the reparations of elegance *, the -gardens are extensive, 
the Episcopal Palace,) and has been and occupy a gentle declivity contigu- 
wholly completed in the present, by the ous to the riven The Deanery, and 
Chapter of Hereford, who have lately Prebendal Honses> the latter of wkick 
taken down the interesting remains. are generally given totheresidentiaries, 
A more glaring example of worse than are situated nearly -opposite the «s, an- 
^othic barbarity df taste occurred here gle-ofthe'cathedraiibutdisplsiyeeibing 
during the prelacy oP bishop Egenon, remarkable. ' The CoHege is a venera- 
w>ho procured a commission firom the bleplleof sione'bttiiding,^saiTou&diag 
archbishop of CanHerbury to inspect the a quadrangle of about IHO feet^ and ap- 
CQfiditioil of the AndentChiqie^ which propriated to the ates of the Vicar's 
6toa!d betiveeo the «. side^f the bishop's chorak This appeais to have been e> 
Cto^tets and the Palace.. This was aa rectedaboutthetimeof£dw«sd4, and 
inte^stin^fipecime«ofthearchitectu«e principiilly from the benefactiona of 
6f remote ages, yet iras returfied,''by bish<^Scanbufy<, before which the viq- 
the Vandals who examined it under the ars 0ioral had their vesidence in Castle* 



849 HBREFOB29. €80 

Atreet : beiideftllieaiittlnieiitf lor the tifiil tcmbptsk of ftct-^Mbrk.; ik» snNi 
^can^ it^ontailii MpiK:iom cminia* have carved fipmrcB 'beneath tbem^tU 
JMU,94in«kltfka|p«U;aa<lii1ilitary^ Mtt initartethoieoCthenallt inifaeicaNXie^ 
the gj<mcri>reip »'gtiiteof daapidatimt. dnL' Thitclbuflbh wasrepaifted^ «M 
The (Sathetel-fVaadr^aa long thebv^ pattif «^ulk^ hi tteteair 1793, at^tht 
fial-f^oiin^.lor«tt41^^ai!isbteiiitbe»ci€. exp^Moa^ of the bariiiiionefs. ThefCW- 
v»aardfocniaiiy0f,thea^6aeeBtoiBt.^aii- «»2fi«f*6tiOiiMi'swaf «i^«ed|otiiiihli 
WhoM bitt aince the year t<791^thecitf iheitimeiof Ghatltttill/bttttheriShmr 
.parithet Mve each rfworkled dsttinct iddWiduaipitrenageiwakfMsdn^edv^ > 
l>laeei'of tmermeiit. * > TMeMekaU -All Saint's chiirch'frai fiv^n, iPf HInil 
Jiera0f Hereford cltbedtal» areibefinhv ^i^^>to the masc^ and bi^thran of the 
epi Deaov 9 Aichdeaonm* 6 retidiefeitkr. hoajjitblof St Anthony^ tn Vk»*a» who 
ly CaaoiM, inelttdittgthe dean^ a Lectil- ^^ipcar to faav« fohned a amall society 
rer» a ChanoeUor olthe Diocese, a Chaik- hete to superintend tti^ir property, 'U 
celkiff of the Oatfaodral, a Treakuver^ a jearly as the 2(M of Cdwafd 1. Thii «u 
^uhireaiiiffeiv a Pfecentor, 28 Prehiimhs. dtisce consisu of ' a nafer chanoei, and 
nm^^ Ut and dd MaaXiet of the Gran^nar sid^ aisles, with a toT(«r rinn|^f rom the 
^ta(Q«)«^a Cbaptec Clerk, 43 Vicars Obor. ground^ and terminactng in a k%'«tid 
T«U being priettSy iotihidinf^Ciistdi;: ah istell ^proportioned > apive : the «o#er' ^ 
Organist, 7 CfaoTistera,/aVeTgeriiaiidrfi Tertjangs it's base'^Obsidefably Oti^ 
. SeatOBst the <pean- and' iresideiiiaTy 'MKsidei but is sostaiiiled hi it^ preMm 
^anmu constitute tlie Chapter^' ?ICheieL aHuatioii by fi'>new>^tfire«sM* Th^ 
pisoDpal jmMittiott 'Extends over the iia;7e'is lepaMted fiMM ihe aisle* bf 
IMKhole CQ«iity.of BeieiDrd,' with tbeicob. knrcular colomAs, "luslititdng i poiftted 
^eptiopof S. pailiafaeB, whkfa formipavt ailehiss r the i«>of i» of thwibet, W&th«l«. 
«f ftbe diocese .<of (St^ David's f and^isdi^ tientprojecH Ag^A|6tb)QfihBt«; pieM^ 
inoMtts a very coasiderable povtioh nf pannels, land pendMkts X)f WAltge aiil 
^bsoptfatfe, '4 pallshes in •ftlonmtAi^ tewers. Here. are several stalls, mf^ 
shire,: 8 in lUdnershlfe, 6 in Mokitgcmi^ fknedto-have beeur' apprapHated to the 
erfsbire^«nd "ftl'r{ih> WorcestfeMnm. hrettaremofthie'StboiNi'ioeieiy.' ITndefr 
The presentftfahie-oifehe fijfhoprioki is Hte- w, endt^of 'this 'Hatotlc, and^'cbiiL 
jphoucSOOI^^fer annum* ■■ . ^ TPKefh- -tigdavrs to itj ate several viibftefraneoua 
«astotheci[«ll'Wai%HeseiDsd«miQlA. psaiages^andqirddltMiftpanihehtt. The 
£d$ distinct(cfcMrqhBSi.1>ekid«flthKda^ j^^poidtsii ekttbattied) afldikippotted1)f 
Ihedral, via^St^rFMeifa, AUiSaihti^ H. iMMseisea'^thbencmtfteeiis under an o* 
>}foholas%!.Sft. ikianitt^vmd «n/iOv«L ^lenivinqoafott ><Sh«b.'> 'St. Martili% 
en's; the cbi«ch«IScL}ohatheflltpiilt ^ltihfdhistio«MiiiriexldlVMhiyparltki,W» 
appeaialo have been at all tnnsaanfiEp. originally thd^wtotheop thtfreh ; attH^ 
IMdi^ilo the cari«lta&,iSt4 AiaithtftI, |Mhrshy a vMi«lai»'kad«'in ihe tktth 
^dr$t*O«rena;w«aKd0stPi9tt*alpM% ^B«qq«d2^iltl#Meh(lALlt«ttiiU«i4iliU 
thovsicc^^iiit lM5wv ff Sti BrtflB5ar«M ?lhi||hM]iid^as!theGtiapbUr^ Se.'^ivti. 
iounded aMMdier«haiBMhnattdo«|«lflit ioli«%Chllrcb4il a^wwaiti^iiAce^ Mtasiil;. 
Iiy Wahftf de^iiaqrv*«AWad attemtdd -s^iif tntivfi^iNSiifiMttiidichaH^i ib^ 
4he aeB4iiei»ct«jBi«lalMMani«M't9* :Mffie>liasbeiMif«eibayf|^paiMid,«iil% 
wiaided fothillserviMQ wlthmoiKMS ilatt4ii:a«tai!eofillii^i"flid%l^«miti«^ 
Manona^dlaadii-iirdlereftirdsMai^qid has^<ir *rfagulM Pap pfl bi iifce t>f liMffliyg 
<Hher«outtftes.<>:'A£Qrt'^tbh:coafe)lfttiiMi ways, the i<^iMd>4.iiWatttb«th leMilfi^ 
Mi the ohttaeh^.ihe iaaddercfwoiraeei- dnttrardw: >?ii*M|idlfbl(dbe^«^!aoft 
demaUy kiltedbr 6dlMig fronaibe^Mi. 4ifndiYinetvofshtp( IKfeiM^ollttUnh a 
4leaMntB, ni he >a«aa inspectiDrirlhh »Magtiljg Hdwase fegt<Kl»'hf the fon<h»'. 
worfe: this ecenfreilce, aobotdihg>ftb lng'!#nisonliiiiatli6ii«(tof"kharists; ITIi. 
|be Monasticon* happciediin:ilii|ioal- -shnters,]UnnaA)Caflldti^QaaiMri^'aiia 
ettdS'Of April, 1065. -Th^ stav^is-wpu Mertwdiais.-: :i ^ ' ^MtAM •Mtth:ttte|L 
oitttedfraittthB'ttsle^ by eetBgoi|'>ocr|. ies'4a[d'feUiioorll6h«ereiiiMfed'l#^n^ 
nmiia on the «; /sid^aod !by «t«t«ted vity <in« itHf sObilibi; ^pkitHdttk 'Ml thRb 
f illars on theiK. On eacbaid^Kif ttw refi^nnaiien ; biM^liEitfi^^f^heinar^hciir 
Chanel am «l^aDCtent;stalK«hooght to 4oani(andtliiMUiiiaWbdcAi|AMbybaiu 
ha^'bec»deiigned fiirdie nseof^be erbnltdingr* ''amt!6ki:mMt&^tll^ 
4rotfacr»df 8t. Guthla^'a WoryttHeie jeiybttyottd»the^^<»i|ibtiiMHftte, afte 
ate very «le^ni)iy'«arv«d into pam^, some remaina tof<a HWllifimii^lyf Stock 
^attefoib^te.aodhS»^&lq^tandh«sd- 9fhu%, or.FlM'tJPMtthUl^tKho #e«e 



961 maussonxk $5^ 

ariginaUy eiiafa&ubftd in thei^wnFicM; out soldier and tb^stiperatmiiflted/lkilh- 
l)eyfmd:]B|fe;streOC;gfl(fee«iabDuttbe year AiL't servant.' I^ho adjoiflirt^'niins of 
J^i2J6,iust<ieitheiauspideftiof'WiUiainraanr tM Black' Friars tu^kU fho^fnitteriab 
tJAupii^biotberttvthtf btiJiopQdatilop^ for- the new edificevirhieh *tras con- 
gnd J jfiniabed /hi> Ihe vetgn }6£ . £dnv«fcd. 3^ «tclicted in - the 4orm if ' a< iquadiangle, 
4c;ppodiittg tottbeorigim^ de^go r and^iras ^d cbmpriiied Vf a^H«i6fitoy a cliapel, 
llimcelf |>fc«s6ikl tl the doditbtidn <aMbe 4iaU> and lukablecbiTvefriencioi. Over 
ffh\MQb> to{5etaiiir,viUi.faiiiSt)ny ttieBladk the door Sn.the««:itris of the hospital, 
PriAoSj . 5. a8qhl»f hopt/Aod: wsatf^. ofi Uie mci 9 smaU tonie pillars^ iodoain^ a talv 
JMi]bUi||! ^^/igcmrgr^inThis Briaxy ibd- 4ctyn«itbtheConinetby artnt ; gilles, S 
^mo.very flffUfiahiagty and many- ^ep- -cbo:ie9».argenttikttp8lUng's<thO(5eof Fitz- 
•uoi oC.dAsniaiCtioai,'^ere*buri6d! here. WiUiani, lozengei,*^vgcat and ^les; 
^ai the dissQimiOfWr.tklt site and . bnHfi;- The ftontof ihe oh?pei- tlerminateb with 
^gs were srafjkted to* John Scndamons -8> ardiei, over -wKioh i^'ttie ihaft of a 
j^q.;Of Wilton'; -atod WilCani Wygmbre^ crass*] the iilside is qiane plain i a pl^^re of 
^Wt ol.ShoddQOj;i but early inthereig^ i^itden ground irattacUed to each dwelt- 
.^f; eUs^abcith, : t^ carae into the pbsv iop."* 8t.< Oiles^^ Kbtpitalj stands 

Mi^iiQh pt. UjueT^dftinssby fomil^^ < frocp .wiOietit SV, OW^n't^^ate; an^ «^as orig<- 
.whoixt the ^sttu^ ^^afc descended td t the inaUy iotrndedln/thQ .year * t9^0; for frf- 
tprPwnt/earA-ofiE^aiox, m: ; j.The^.priw- aii!ifibr|sey,;or«avjgnianffl(ohCs, Ifaftei^ 
x:^pal.yQiugei$ qfoUI^U ostabiishmenbase "Wisoiitibecanle: .tte /^ron^nty of the 
;$^ed9€ayed)0^ceft«iaodvthe.remaiia iun^s templa^t*; And beili)^* seised by 
^f a fiU^s^ur aifit^pe: pulpit, as itoncas Jbc csown;?war]given; by^tiicbaid 2, ni 
KUigin^Uy ih):tiil&::;|or.^Abe:..p«rpote»idf -the'ciiTf of/Bereford^{sln^^{^>ropk;iatcd 
4Vr^0ch;ng . it»0- loXh^ >'Si side ofiithc ikftAhe purpose o£an:alnn>hbtts6. ^ The 
|PriQs?8<J[odgio«:firris^to)9[^abiy entiretpit «d0diKmentsaTe!appliedt<rthe'st>pport 
li9ii|uatAitie^ by St^n^et^ and inrthf tif i^^paoif nieuj wbo^ar^each adovi^ed 
iaM^mQllJtah^^ rQblpftg :windows,^>e«cik 4^tfA0ii<m66thly « £loth^ every dd yeaf, 
^ii(l£Uby'^pil|i^r8i«Mi<9coinpanfaiaDt^ <3rff>-^.*rrif« hospital mvatitvettuilt in the 
^vine pinqt|elQ)iiarch$tff ^atitheisul .y^af'l'ffFOi'ibyvalbnfjUyirabscriptfoat 
jepKpepr::i^>^irn9ilaff;!toiKeiiar* The^vMli Apiece;oligBrdeo.JgrofiM/it>aRa<rhed tb 
^}»(h«rV<sid»iftfi)ipportedrbyfour>bpb. 4ach (residence. :rin iJ8|t«^<Eavelben^ 
.jliq^se$«.,bnt/if'jmiiCbjd))Apidatedjfl«af JUan«bdtaBCl wHs tfveotd^'iriitiie reign 
>MiU'^, !L^ cifinit ^e> xnarHled Kviih>f]ne> -46 H^nty fSdy prinoipaUy >l^<iDdulgcnc^ 
.>i)ftCn9Mri»fC9«9tMii9ied.inthefei«ii«i' .fl andi'a^ltUatirti'^ipadafiee, ^iwntdi 
^rh^v^fipn, <;pen. 09T«a(^ aide/. and flQi}. Jvytlhe'^bisha^s;. of iHMefo^d,' Coventry, 
jsw^d by a(iftiig|)$x9fi(StQp«,.giiadiMftly ^Sal^dHuy; and^Py; tothos^ who coo- 
j^l$tasingiast|ieo[)A>9ei)d)i*jIn.thejf!eii>- -JiiBnitcdi towards .it fThe'frefeoHesof 
^«is ^ J)Sk9o.of AkiffaldiMiigure^ Wiihi^ ,tiMif lidUdaKiob^btsAich now^HinKAftit to 
j^0^i arPbesiPPrM^W tidft ii«pp«cfing j^]ietiinRini^ianrapplied>t<»€heiRiain- 
4bAJlh$^of thj|«^OWf)i£h!)»ntilc^ihg ^jl^oaotei^ 1(K poor ^wbmcir; each «f 
j»q$.'i^.tQ J««i4i<»tiWM%:kQmrthejri^tof 5i«to<^>has/alsBnaal&pai«iiiiiHt and gar^ 
^ i;u^a<:f»ildrp9flli!ftg .t)ir90clKh«;a|»- Id^i'^Jii^ ;.iiTheaafi/^i^i» ipUlasantIf 
i^e^i^,|k^9ye) ii)vf^ii»iittUil6df sujte>h«hfe -^pmnAmta^tiatgfim^; a<8hort distance 
mppeiip^r;^ ift^|)«KtM^»iiiieachiatfgie tfx^temdtho QMHewsMvnt Was 1st 
^^;9i)nBPVt^Jl|b«d^HK^A*''^ . ThQfdctnit- Bipeiifiirfiinthe ladniMsibiii^frpaitiontfr^h 
^{Hi^jefff)^ t/i^.}>QfMti^ljpan\a)ii: ia ithfl4^iboSMdfchvilA76.r'yrhecommit<. 
^g^p^Uy;ima^aMgi>^4i>||rgeald^r*.whiBh 4ooif)feiSobacAb«n^ odder whose supers 
ii$f^iU>r(s^\'lU*1kwm ^As^tfionsAbritngli 4ntlnidcoiie th^iconcefrihr df this est&bw 
J^SK4n.t9:pf.ttW<9^pft| ;Md»an^.biMiMi 'lifebn^att»«f&icandiictod, lias- likewise 
4KP^s?l^^n4'ihQ<P^Ua4,ifandr:pa8slK^ ith^ditoction Qethe.bURatic Asylum.a 
I(llS9$4s^^^^r^i'^«ttl^ex8gon; j i 'ib.. Jsttlditig oit thettjiBi ofr^the Infirmary, 
.ri^f^01«|r&C^it«rdBSB.fronvthe.inuaBsa(lf JCfncted about clie .ye)ur.t^92, <fer the 
j^%^jg||ci8r«tAM«mn6>!^t{'ft:HMpitai, 4eoeptif»nol 90 paiientsrtaAicted with 
AifiW'^l^jii^fii^SMf begata by sir (insanity:. thUial^iwaa institmed by 
^)9piD^i^iqi^y^9ft<inthe$reari614 sttbacription. ' ..«.• lO^ education 
j9P9,^h(S »M»^.sin(»^VH)3ispiital)i aoHent- tof? tbe<youthful poor is provided for by 
JHjbeWngingJlliMP^ Isnigbts hoipitaUets a. Chanty School^ part^supporfed bf 
j]|f,8i^ Jo^,i^^^lM|piQMf9t*9of thftinoat .5!Qai]ntairychntrUM&tSoii8,ahd partly by 
;y94^bii^^49bi«iMMPPfr«9iciety» (ahho' .rfrvcanues aritini^.'froih dpnations and 
jse^^ra|)y^^9r9^$IAlcA^ei^9d)^^wom- -tesaciet : h^re saboys, aAd 90 girls re>- 



;fiS» IIBIQSFORIK iM 

•ofeivs. dl9ttiaedftn)iuid^tlli«UkiBJjii4uid tim of-tttoiit l!5aiwBef(of ivaitft'laddi 

^:thmii(ii«ti^3i|ipicnticet)^ipr.: ^^ : »"> £biMidd<'>paA9fiai9«ratwoaUcd2Wifle- 
The.Wadc»|etiieasfa»oOBVeibirent;biitt<fr maviU^r theotfae^Jinst havong Imsfa^n- 
isg^klMBt tbe^ifnei 6ate|( establish- clbsbd ai'xeni^aB ^tbi^ seigo of lienrf*K 
,td/ohf A igcriOTEl ^Ij^b b|^ a Avnioni Jof tive - bl^AeAtbatninof Hferoford oni tfawbankft 
^iabasi and governed: aadei:r!s .«)rBtefa ofl the l^^'wbuld be extmnelf iavMiii 
jq^JAidiiciDtiffdsiilatiaa^ r \ « />Thd«tcMr aflUo idtiit^si ijeadeyif ;fthe3c8v&gatiaiv*ttf 
iOcnin^iGilaVotctMipifas the ^U <stiJthe IhaLThset was^dSis pcec'dribiis \\ bu«tMt 
iPriDi^fotf SiuiOutHkas. , j This:'.taJ£MiAg isiiscrie^tifdy dqpeQd&ritmi^tbetftata ^ 
•was compliUJgfl imttdrt^imdef^fche^sui- thtf^w^eatikeritiifaititcdnBOt bd'taa^ttt 
fienaaeDditDcei andjfKsiii'theiilvsi^as'df aii9Kvec:thejpifcqi3bt oBxpgnlaf jobxnrdjii. 
alifc a0chUec4»«i<( Jd)iii*l$afllii.lqlt isiini. adceio T)ieprpacipalrinai\ii(actbrctlrit 
aliased iv^ktf i\«4iigb/brkiD.wail9hava](g iadrMtried onr l^e^: is- ihac- bf i'gldin^ 
aFfhahdaome ^nsticated gaocwa^rv* wttH «iblcib>..a .told^rabl^ .flbiiiaihxtig;} a 9id 
amcad ptUai^ Ibethdipeff f «i apoiitiiieiits aaroe^irbgie&ar] hasiieoaitk^^ becA aiotd^ 
jMve aiso< a'TvutiOiftont iaad pedittisii<; jsbthsrnvanjftfeKluivfififhtnnelselhat^a^ 
The pntonJitelfriiaiaiiaoiouiviiai'iogl'U aho^made byra'^wf B:iitoiifac|»ieK;riu3 
4ionsA;of<i3irTe£tion;'7«iQrksiibpjiiofi^c> fHifiiWj^Q.fihdge-iiWaaifoimded/as.-eafif 
Uton^-roomiAaAnhnr^y I shapely ^obtqr's asilifaei(tUnci.oiiiHeory-]^'>aq4-st bi»'tuiN> 
jrooms, &c Jto|^eBJ«ritlL'4t:cniftsptwit HbculajnYf^questV »BisUbp> Rkhard^^qvttb 
■aoffigardfini in-themi:!: The«x)ii9H8a(tdT iHGUiUeaee/tono^liiie^neac^ilSOaortil^ 
ithi8«d[fk3B^iHhidh ia>9(iKniig||^clQa4vatad eonlribtt^g jmjtfsn^U^i ^jtiUe ^»h>Ax 
Ai^eH inflated, anuuiiiteSrwtoijabDUt ^ght&pmsieQifilnodgtfiitinippS&ftVtohav^ 
,l>8^$5a£^ ^^T^icCityiGoalbeanfiabflK -bi^QD^bQiaiuotcid.aibout tberendiolodia 
•4if ctoll<sidend>bbin(a^fuiiy^'dn^ -Ifitfo Juotur|»X'dA]Coaaislai^;6iaiioli^ 

?(R>mpOsed abeosiiifiiMf S^e-atreet^Q^e. -Qooiaf.ivhiobnfrasAebinUaftentfcidseif^ 
^Thifr gDaioQBUibr>dae':&m3li ceH'^aAH •mi.X645,]thp ktomdr^haTiAl^iibaensiJdst- 
;3: vecy bigfafapartiaenta^ •nrhh a •wjtidorw ArQ3rcd;to>preveot Uheiaiipraach; <af; (th)( 
iii each ; tbar.vnhoie very; drf sind .eleap); -Sicata?: i The }8ai|W'inatemaI»- W^qa eiw- 
■ji' d^ng««>n;>e11^ath»H once v^sead for the -pbsysdlnaftdobnstfbai&cMiybutUlfihMg^ 
'piiitposes.<^iCbnii)nQnDi3nwbas betel obiv. ifwaicondideirabt]^ T<^duqed/ i^otfi .whicH 
vertediAio aioeUar^by tHeiinterpoiioab t^susi the! hridge-bbsaivicregaiBiaaqppeati 
of mc. Nield> whaa&ibeneTotencJff'iof ance. The Theatre ctf Hefefonl 

Jiieast liaa iodoteri) hirai to ^ursue>iihe liai;acfine<:tatiiuiXdidiatiae»irQ»li]aldng 
,plan. q( £hei:a|nsb.>laiiheiiite4 Howhrd, been the jttrsei^trftaiCQlivei'A^&diAdiii^ 
lahd to deS:end into.the depths>oi/ihi»- andxa Kembi6»:'!«t)a!direttipiv#iodse4 
«vy fortbeifdd-^likopiijrposeofiaite^aii- was for many «yeaciinlb'(fKeiprible,fiBBiit> 
ingdifttressi vi:m The>6hireHaU,wlhidh iijQ, .whoisadJoogrbteniflAiabitaiitbtfrf 
standsiiLthdare^caUcMkhelH^l^lbaMi, JiHftckyv,' IrfattpffpseattirheatirtosAlaiia^ 
mearly in the «eiilroia£Heivfofd; ia^sup- ^rjieati>inoderp:rlM:6ki4Bg^[istaiidii)9ji6 
•posed to have Jbeioaiepaoted'in.the'Tei^ -tdftetw. sideojEibiDBdiStBdefrv«mHiavmg 
rof James U by::Jafaaf Abel, ' thb <jixp&t SipedHmMt.pnaihentaikfiv&th Anma/i^ 
tacpentetvas hfi'iai:aUed'> ib;the>lMMr .Chtecaounceaioiaimiaeniteit.arei^eBff^ 
-fvom. Uve gb»eHior<iSaiKlMnar8.ita;ldRrd ieili;fram-»Aasen^l7««fooins^ <^ikhr battk 
>Digbyt^ . whi» constiuctttd the. . iinUV^i\)n an^VMcasloiN^ tdiuHnts^ . Tfaaripopp^ 
whichihe safetysfitbe'chy so'inuch;<^ .tifiA't>£iicfefonJb, asaa^iieoedatiderithe 
.pendeddubngi the siege in 1645. .fShn -act :^£ 4B0t{ SMttouatedfrito /6a28.';i>itf 
buikUag- faanutaoc.oblbng square; tiif% oifhich 'aOSa)iansi]Bn«ia(e»{ i ated>.9il0S 
.length beiag 84 fieet^andifa (breadth «fenalea). the.joiiialNBa ^bfohonseswat 
2 34 :« it is caitiposed.pEiacipattf al ivoed, 4be sane rpeiiod ^vai^^l MDio « : f • r r i Mft- 
aad Q<>w. consiatsnf oqly one floop»'.sQp' ji^ fiwrstma . :of xqpsiiderldilisjjen&Qence 
ported on 3/J)M^es/a£<piUars»>^'UIMler .faaae beenberBjiinofthsir<tit^)i>.abi9ilg 
the.ShireHall^thennatJkeufotsraiiiand ithate'Whblte 'fi^ehaityKhast been^ iDott 
iish are held : at the b. end isthe butpb- -diltingiaisbed^/dar&i&ogev of BJ&f^ifmA, 
er's market; an^ at the w. end, the .Bishdp. Afiiea:fi]nkfavio^hn .Go^Ubi», 
' poultry and bptter t^arkeU. Very .John Davie8^.RibhanbfiheHt^iag6,^ea- 

., considerably Improvements have been TDOE/GwynEprgeai}S(|rli%er XiaivBep^, 
'i^ade in tl^f^^ppearance of Herjeford -captain. jaR|qaX&aniiiraU>> and Pam 
since the year 1774, when an. act of Gamck»«*-fffaniTfi^agrley6ao4''BfitftooU 
(^acUainem;^vraa obtained Sat the tnoloi* :f<£esu]tie»oiEiisi«iidi>.?ai4I>nfu:siiMb5^ 



$^ msRxrouk as» 

>l}(C(dl0otions toiMMtojCheiiiitoni tmd fit.ciiUiivito4'«Tta<tO!4b» mmgB of the 
Aiiti^ilttetoftfaeOttuiMy«ifHorGtord.*' «MtiBfici«ieBt, and spotted wirtK»itav- 
. jSmitii liew! iimi Ciff Arms HstsL et : k't ptfapetitCBfcped^pklraiider. 
. 'lAcbtntt a aait nofftfa^wesMrard kom 4irtK)d; aad it's aiaavtiUi^elviA. 
06fefold, at an aogiet>Ciheffoad, which The approach t» It-ws smw .Haas- 
ifl hober direfction leads (o Stietford* voao lies «vet a /Vale <9fnch meadows, 
iMtdge, ill M»ther towards Hjljr; is the aemarkiMe for a breed of fine cusen and 
temainsof a-stonecroiSy^senendlyoia* milch c<)wsi where thcboldwindiiigs 
0d the W-hiie Cnn. The :base consists of tte Wye ase adofSKd >itfith the voioi 
l»f an. hexagoaal flight of f iteps» meas*- pi H^Uhn Cattle, and a. Hone biidse ot 
■ring ID feet wide at «h6 hotiiDBi, each masteilf aichitactnre; iThete .are xca- 
^.i;uicheshigfa,andlSiah«eadtb. The deied nore attractive bf the aails of 
Isl and- only remaining stage of the barges playing in th^ wiad. 'Fbooi tfait 
9halt; is also hexagonal^ it's height be» fipot the £unous cauiieianay ktadm ko the 
iflig 6 feet» and the breadth of each faoe base of a rocky eminence, oa tbs brow 
9>lBet,'«xth(sive of a: pilhr (botwoen of which the ^os ^qf Bamlt fWiali, s 
each. Intheseaidesareainanyiitcbes^ phmtatioo i>£ fatest.tteesi ia presented 
contaittia^ishieidst beak-ing alionnurf^ iS>e fanMd toad ^ranil^he caooewajr 
finit: .thffMiichet are/hnder pointied caii^Ques in a giacefui sw^eq>» aaccnd- 
«ir|i€s; sn|>poried ion .small 'cohattos; ibg tb^lhe apposite aide iof /the hill, aod 
(AJMvd 46 : aif ' eaobattled parapet* wi«h wetfe^: aaters tfae . m, .end* of 4he towo. 
^idionlditigsaodbteeof^a^ditriBEad /ThetwMeof Ihis'view.is fistei^divci- 
flfiftfae shafts it's fnteat heighc ■ is> 15 aified^ .prodnctn^aa abnhdaittinaicie^ flf 
iaetl Jllf>.Dp|>cu>n^lMbtttestheo«ig^ ttuMttaining objects^ . T^oae who 
Ailx>fthliloittdstoai^.iibfeotiousdiBOfde^ «rislv;to avoid rtheJetiyl at Goodrich, 
(Which niviq;ed2.thisJtia«ity,)aBd teii- ihay'find a-beaatifal ridetFirer Wtboo- 
dered<t)aeei9Bilnry toicmoye the map- .farsdBe, oa the Monmoutfo road. At 
JDtts :6iaaiiicreft>rdi''tfac ^t of Waste iPmc^val^ifitf^attbe.distaBioe G45or4 
ftouodr onTnur^ioh* 'the cross sumds miles; an tincqmnionly ^iine iati^cape 
was Implied to'thatrptnrpose. 1hmem»- opeds. Itpfleseou frottvaaeonioeBce, 
liy*df Ads evdnt^drt Lewis Charlion;<ii(h ihe river Wye, meanderiiig along 4be 
Iterwards bishopii bf t Hkbeford, caased -vale, the enchantiaip /windk^oiwiiicb 
thiscios8ikyheeseaed>-^^'Oallecti»u,'3^ mq dignified by the stitely appearance 
lrfc>'t.'pJ399u >'•■'"'•" ;- i' 'I jafOooDaiCH CASTLE on the ri^t. The 

;nOa the sfe. aide of>the.Wye, abeot A Tiaiety and extent a£ hill,. vale» wood, 
^iil)6rf>ieiowvUfireftv4iis Bnk0tai,ot Md.watet^wiiioh) compose thiaview, 
ILotherwASyitheiieatibfiOUalesBoden.- -baAe deaariptson.. ..< im The toahst 
•ham,' Irsqi. vITherimansiofl> is spacious 4iiaf)^iirsae his jovtoey-ahyig the banks 
hnd hatidmkae;: .iti was ietedcd by xUc <0f. die Wyd, or> boati may be obtained, 
^iandttther j6riibe'"prpsenl; possesaoii. ibeeRos^ M^MtoUTa^andtbe Wtx. 
(He^ if is i^degaifM idispd, and extent - On the road f ram i Heveibvd to Ns v 
9ive.'of&ces,;wi»ichfbetonged to the aa^ RADNoa, thfe traveller will pasa inune- 
citot manoti^hoasei : ^rTIm gtoands 'arc dia^ly by the rdman itatiba of MagM, 
•pteasant, and contain: seaae fine timber. iMxwi called JXeftcAcKeri i U^na wood- 
Thd p#08pea oR'fthe kw. isterminated ^ed eminence to the ii. called Credmi" 
%^.an eminehce«alled>2)^dsr.-Ai^ on HiU, is a fine british oam^ conmaaod- 
Which tare vestiges of ioacancseht'Conip. ing a most deltghtfal aod extenave 
Vrom tills cmikieaBe (he views are ex» viesv. A few miles fuither is Fhxlaft 
<itM\n%\y fine ; < camprehehding, on the Che seat of mr. Piiccv the ingenious an- 
Hw; Hereford, Willi an easy ascent from thor of a work, on the pictaresque. 
(he banks of the 'Wye; beyond stretch- The laboo^ of ascending his beautiful 
et a beautiiful Vale^ bounded by the terrace, and of penetrating his Inzuri- 
:llreeknockshireinonhtaBMi .On theji. lant wood is always ^npiy repaid, by a 
jand KB. horizon att ithe Clee4itlls. of variety of aatiuc^'and unadorned scen- 
dhropshire; tKiwaUdS'lhe t*,'tlie Mai- ery. 

mo «, 19 a pi«4Miu>«iu v««KB*»u vwui ,n-hand i 1* Wonnelow Tump Ian ; 1 St 

.6ry, enbveaed by^the^weanderiogs of weonard'h? U WeWi newton; * e.ier 

Jibe Wye. On thes«».appea| the ifut^ Monnotttteluies Si Momaoatli; initum 

^isr<t4dZr,otastl^:irein6feegenesaIiy nUies. 

«itM,theBbck(lnol«iiaiaa* ThtSshilli AbergaTcnnj. 4 oa Oie tight is^ahaBUi 



!251 HOLT. HOLYHEAD. 258 

a.Mafthcw^esq.; 2jGoo«*PboUlonthe building lies the noted common of 
left, Atlepsdiore, E. L. Pateshall, esq.; 1 Threap-voood, from time immemorial a 
Three hon^Aoesi iwiUofek'i Bridge j 3^ place of refuge for the sex who were 
TVelougb J i Wormbridge,- r. E. J: Ctjve, desirous of being freed from the con?c- 

. t^^^:^^\ll:S^^:i^^r;. ^-s which W law indicts upon 
. triliusrjpewu!;; JcnterMonmo«uJ.ireat ^^^^""^ ^^ve. Numbers of houses were 

• Lingua-bridge J 6* Llanvihangeji Cracor- scattered over the common for their te- 
neyi 3 Llantilio Pertliolcy ; l^Abergaven- cepiion. This tract was formerly ex-, 
ny;' in all ^ miles. ' tra-parochialj the inhabitants, there- 

The Wye, Warner. ' ' fore, considered themselves as beyond 

To Row, 14J miles. the reach of the law. They were at 

— jGIocester^ tbrougli Ledbury, 32| miles. last compelled to submit but not with- 

— Hay, 21 mllfcs. but bloodshed. On the right of the 
\^,^.^^r^f-^^^^^r^^^\f.r^,^^^^^ road to Bangor lies EmraUhall, th^ 

seat of the Pulestons, 
FroM Wrexham, 6 miltSiL Bingley«> ^ •. 

' — . Chester, 10 mile^ Pcnnaiit.. . ***=^ ^*> Wrexham, 6 miles, fiingley, 

. • i ^" Bangor4scoed, 8 miles, Pennant. . 

HOLT, an obscute little Village, oft ^ -^ ^^- 1^^ 

lhe"«r.bankoftheDe^,int)enbighshire, •^'^'^-^-^'^•^ ^ -^"^ -^'^ 
was oftCe k matket town' Wd a place of From Gwyndy 12| miles, Bingley, 

consequence. Yet it is even iM it's de- Llaiielian,22taite$rrdnnaflt. . : 

generate staite, governed by a mayor HOLYHEAD or Caer Gybi, the tort 
and two bailiff. The tWo Villages of Gybi, from it's having been the resid- 
"Holt and Parnham or Fatndon^ ate sep- ence of Gybi, son of Soloman^ duke of 
arated only by the river and commutii- Cornwall, and pupil of Hilarius, bishop 
cate by a bridge of 10 archiei, built in of Poitiers, about the year 380. , This 
1345. The Dee, at this place, divides town is' situated upon a peninsula, at 
- Englaiid from Wales, Famdon being in thfe extreme w. point of Anglesea. Ic 
Cheshire' and Holt* in Denbighshire, is the resort of passengers to and from 
ThefetsiaotHitig remarkable in the seen- Ireland, the distanice is 20 leagues, be^ 
cry'tff' this neighbourhood. ' The ing miich shorter and cdpsidere:d as far 
Castle wisf placpd on a solid rock close less dangerous than either from I^iver- 
tb t^fe river, but 8.Carcely any femains pool or Parkgate, which the .packe^ts 
of . it are visible: It was defended on generally '"^ make'* in 1 2 hour?."* Oo^ 
*3 stii^i by a fr^hcii, 40 or 50 yards wide, packet goes out ^ery day c scept ThurS' 
Camde^ thlU i,^ '^ituatloft on the oppo- "day, arid returns next morn 1 n g . In s to rm- 
«it(e side Of the rJvex the ahcient Cas- y weather packets Jiave been kept at &ea 
tnyn Lponisi " l^oXt^ castle was garri- for 2 or 3 days, |>ut in faSnurabk winds 
sorted 'ip fjlVourof Charlei 1, in 1643, and weather tjie passag-' is pt^rfoimcij 
bat fiS^ij^ed by the pairliam6nt in 1 645, in 9 hqilrs, and spiVi^t imci c vt n i n 6 . 
art'<d^S?t/iri> Uiirers entirely demolishedt. The ch'urth-yard isa rock cJost; to the 
Tht"lOjr^«il]^ hbw belongs' to the crown, se'a, in a quadrangular farm of about 
under th'^'^iriiction of a ^te\i^ard. The 2f0 feetby Wrf. Three pidesareerir 
inhablt^tf of ;Hblt cohliriBute with closed by strong high walls, and the 
those Of R^thiti and'Denbighi in sehd- fourth is nearly open to the sea, having 
ing ode nielnlbit to parliaihfnt. only a parapet, which is defended by 

The' Chtr'r^' oi* Chapel is built of red steep rocks, Mr. Pennant thinfo ix has 
stone^ ah^A^^ems ancient. ' been aroWan fort. Thq Church is a 

Oft leaving Holt, ihr. Penftant return- handsome cruciform embattled ediii^e, 
ed over th^pridgei and j)assing along and is supposed to have been once ^ 
a |)6rtion '6i Cheshire, with a pleasing college, foynded by Hyofa ap CyndeltLy 
view of BroXtoft hills upon the left, lord of Lfys Lliven in Anglesea. 
reached the site of Shochlaeh castle^ of Holyheaci contains few attractions fbjr 
which lidthing ebtcept a foss marki the travellers of pleasure^, 'Opposite 

place. Upon the opposite side of the the church kre'two rocks, with ruins 
road is a, vast mount, commanding ' an upon them, called Fn?«-jGr^6i, aiid Ymi- 
extensive view. At a short distance is Rug, under the mountain calted ^le 
il/defor fiSawn^jg^, a hundred of Flintshire, Head, which overhangs the town, in 
disjoined from the principal part of the which ii^jpuntaih is a large cavern sup- 
county. Broughton is a Venerable portedby natural pillars, called the P^» 
wooden house. At the back of this liament-noust, accessible only by boats» 
10 



959 HOLYWELL. ^0 

The Ci$tu8 guttatus. is found upon building, t^d to have been meted by 

9apdy pastures, or the mountain Uech" Margaret the mother pf Henry 7. 

ddu ; and the Ranunculus parviflorus. Nothing can exceed the delicacy and 

on gravelly soil in tliis neighbourhood, elegnnce of the carving o^ the iosMe of 

On the road to the Head are the ru- this buildilig» which forms a.omopy 

ins oTCaDe/y Gbr//w; upon one side if OT<tr< the well. It contained tbe le- 

a huge dry wall. Pen y Gaer Gybi, or geitd of St Wincfrcd, and n sculptures 

the summit of the mountain, contains alluding to the house of Statiley, by 

the foundation of a circular buildjng, which it was erected j but not at pres- 

Vhich appears to have b6en a pharos j ent distinguishable. In a niche, oppo- 

whence is a distinct view of the penin- site the entrance, stood once ^'stame 

sula of Holy head. Mr. Vennant return- of the yirgip Mary, but this lias been 

ed over Pont-rhyd, and along an'excel- long since destroyed. Tlie chapel over 

lent turnpike road to Bangor. A lit- it, which is of the same date as the otb- 

tle oh the left is Premddfed, formerly a er part of the building, is now cdnvert- 

seat of the Owens. ed into a oharity schooU The well is 

To Amlwch over cross roads, 30 miles, Biog- an oblong square, sbootld.-leet by 7. 

ley. jhe watef-pwes thiougl> an arch into 

-err G*7Jidy,12JinUes, Pennant. ^ small square, pour t; under this arch 

^^^-^^^^^,^^^^^^^^^0-^ the catholics u^d to swim as an act of 

FromFUm,6i«ilet.Bin«ley.iSkriae. penance. Tlje legendary story^of the 

t-^ Northo|s 5J mile^, Biagley. origin of this well. i» smgular and cun- 

^ — St. Awpl^, 10 milesf Xikin. ous. Wihefred, who i^. said to have 

— Denbigh, 15 miies> Warner. ' lived in the early part of the Tth centu- 

Caerwysj 5 miles, V\'yndhanx. Vy, \i^ a Ues^tiful and 4j5VOUt virgin, 

• ■ . WisinKW(!^k AM)^y, litmHca, Pennant \^^ davgHtcr of Thewitljj }i qoblenun 

HOLYWELL is a place by far the of these pacts, and niece, to Bv Jfeuno, 
most important in Flintshire, fhequ- who^ having obtained (rg.m ,Ji^T, father 
inerous itianufactures'and lead-mipes l^ave to found a church upon his pos- 
frt it's vicinity, and it's easy access to sessions here, took her uii^er bts pro- 
the 4e^^ have rendered it the great mart teci'ion, in order to assiist her i^ her re- 
qif thi^ part 6f the kingdom. The town ,ligiouj| pxercAs^s. ^jCiqdocu^^ thie son of 
it ip&t\6\is biit irregular; ip i^ pleasing- kjng .AJei), who^'r^sidepcifi appears to 
ly sjttistted on jihe slo^c of a mountain, have been not far (distant* '^dji>irip4 the 
Wliich ; extends nearly to the, wa^er. bei^ity pC lijer pewoi)*'ai).fl jeso^ired to 
"Marty^ot the houses are good, and it al- maj^e an, attempt on hej: y^u^, •' It is 
ibgethtrbears an air.of considerable op- said' that he made kpQwp to h'er his 
ialence. 'A n aclmirer'o^ the works of. art [passioq, pn .^ Sunday fnoriiingy al^te^ her 
jmsiyj's^t this place, ^fiiidjjis f^te amp patents were go^e.'to^f^hiircl^. ^ She 
^ratilfieci' by vicwThg' the 'numerous 'made ad excus^ to'escapc ^rp.tn the 
w^rks of lead, calamij o'fe,' copper,* brass, 'room,' ai^d immediately, ran tbn^^'scthe 
^hd'cotfbri,'. ' The parish Cliurch is sitii- churgh'i "h'e.py.crtooi hj^h 9^lf ^^P^rsti- 
^te^ In a bottom at orife end of the town, tiop, on ,the descent pf the hifl, 9^4 ^°- 
anja ^o low thlt the prayer bcU can be ra^ed ^i' hjs jisfippointmenl^'.dxfiw his 
heard' ortly ai a very litfje distance, sword ai^d 'struck oif her.h'eaa^ . The 
^\U defect li remedied "by a person, head rolIgd."(^own. thp l\iUtcf,xK9. altar, 
iilrfed* by. the inhabitahts,' who has a a^.wj^idi'thepongregatjon.wprdjtjjeel- 
ic^theVn strap fastentcl round his neck ing,'and stopping there, a,e}eair and rap- 
'&f the end of which is suspended a bell id,.£o^n^aln immediately ,gw*hed up. 
•of tdlerable weight, ^nd, over one' of St. peurio snatched up th^, h^^> and 
"his kn^bs is buckled a cushion j thus joining, it to the body^ it was',* to the 
^cdbutred', he sets out jiijst before, the 'surprise of all present^ iniro^diately re- 
hour of prayers, and waJlcVro^nd ^^e united, the place oC separation being 
priricipil parts of the tow,n,J[ipgl^ng the only marked by a white \ine encircling 
bell ev'ery time his cushioned k<?ee her neck !! Cradocu? dropped4ownup- 
cpines' forward'.' tVinefied'i Well, on^^iie spot where he had pQCiButted 
fronri ^y hi^h the name of Hply-well was this attrocious act ; and the legend in- 
given to this place,' springs with vast forms us, that it is not known whether 
impetuosity from a rock it the foot of a the earth, opened to receive his impious 
steep hill at the bottom pf the town, corpse, or whether his master the Bevil 
This, well is covered by a small gothic carried it away- The sides of pie well 



S6I . HOtY^^LL. S&S 

were^ 0iveii5A with a <sweet'.pcemed and various concerns. The calamine 
J¥iQ9fi^'.aaiC.tb^.ft<m€yi9l; tbe .bottom be- empiofed is received r^w from the 
came tmctxa^i with h^r bloordL . : Win&- mines. - These -works are soperintdnc)- 
Ired sunviired ber decapitatiati about 15 ed by mr« {>oiibairaDd. The arttdei 
yeast, and toward^ the Utter end of of most injtpprtanpe exported from these 
:that tinift, -liavios receW^od <tbe..ireil works are. Copper-sheets and nails for 
from St. "Elejpius, at GwgfMfirw, ia.Den- sheathing ships; Copper4>olt8; for 
l)dgM)hre>.died Abbess of thatmoaa^ building ships; Copper and brass wire ; 
ier/>and.was buried there, where 4 up- Copper-plate« for rarious purposes, 
ffightiitoBtosArestilUhewnas^lfftn^red's many of thrnn- beautifully polished; 
;tomb, . TlieiveH, after her decea&e^beu Manillas, Bracelets, and a vast variety 
canie'etidow«d Mrith maily^miraciideu^ of other small articles for use drornao 
i«rfipertitf»...Xiie sweet Sceatftd m<ksi, ment,* are exported to Africa. :- Cop*. 
gi<oi!v^>l)g,'pkRt^ifuU)!:)on:tbec«vle8.f>f this per and brass pans, some of thdiii of 
;weU,49notbtflg.jnore:ihan Juo^erR^m^ vast site, used at home; othen are 
»i& aoplenoiaes. The sdppoaied /ttnet- 'Sent to Africa, where they areemploy- 
iw^ 9r;her!mopd.upon. the stones at ihe ed in ibkkingsalt from the sea^-water, 
l>9tto«if'is$jrifloavegetaUeprodttctiiu^ by evaporati&i in the sun. Whehmr. 
called 9ys9«s jolithut. ThejdevoteeS Warner visited this place; he inspected, 
of tfie sainttwere formerly, very mlmer- through t4ae influence of mr. Th^r-by, 
x)09^' but 'o£ kite years they^bavefalka to whom he had a letter of intrckltie- 
jo£: Y«tsfbmuiiayjUdgefiMiin7cfotcfa<. tion, the gr^at D»tton work, the brass 
«s. and d iiMid^bairowa stuck among -works, the ec^per mills, the wire mills, 
Xfoe' gottttC oroame d ta of .the roof^ the uid lead mine ; of which he gives paiu 
^wleU haa'bVbt 'recently been focsalcen. ticular' descriptions in vol. "2 of fek 
Xtkeiqitaatityof water tbisownupifr^not *^ Walks." 
lesa than di hogsheads., ewery.miaiite. 
Xhtsf' water has never •been, khawn to 
ireeze, ahd.scaircely eyer/. Varies in . 

.qsaadty, eiiber,in droaghtS'Or.afteT.tbe has ^iven an excellent memoir of ~mr. 
greatest raiasr .Th»' this stream has lit- Pennant in his'Tdur, vol. 1, pages 59 



Near Holywell is Downing the seaC 
of the late Thomas* Pennant, esq. beau«- 
tifuUy situated among woods. Bingley 



.tie more thfin a mile to run before it 
jkrrivse&.at.tbe.ftsay yet liifniAls are put 



to 72. 
The road from Holywell to St. As- 



in motion by H, Dhree. of which are apm is rugged but pleasant, and some 

placed abreast. Proceeding akmg considerable lea<Jrmines lie at the dis- 

ihc road by the side of the. stieam for tance of a mile from Holywell. At 3^ 

^abontA mile^and ctossing^he IMacsh to miles on the road, appears on the righ^ 



t-fae fightj B^siNOWEKK -Abhxy .(or 
XSreen fidd) appears in a neiadoW on 
an,eminoncejust above.— <fiin^leyi la 



an ancient circular buildings 'in font^ 
something like a wind-miU, which 
stands on the summit of a hill, supp^s- 



liedgesflieac Holy well, growa the Gam^ ed to have been a Roman light-house, 
f>anul8»latifolia;uponcalcareoiiagiDiind constructed to direct the navigators to 

t..,^ ^l.!- _» I T»l^ IJI-.. ^l-_ ^—J C . 1> ,' -.1 »1_^ J!iSe_-_li. ^-l-- 



between, this place and RhyddlaiB,>)^e 
Gentianaiamarella; on the -toad sides. 



and from Deva, along the difficult chan- 
nel of Seteia Portus, the estuary of the 



5 nuleDion the way to 'Rhyddlan, O. Dee. ^t about 2^ miles from Holy- 
campef tris, witiii the former species ; on well the traveller descends into thib 
■^C side oflhe hill hy the voad fromthe vale o£ dwyd ^ at the distance of 7f is 
welltQPthe coastyOhlora perfcdiata ; up- ^n extensive prospect; Dknbxoh lies 
tAi tixei:rcHBdrside to St. Asaph, com. -remotely on the left, St. As apm in 
mdn^ Aieoifiria Tenia ; by the roadside front,, and Rhvodlan Castle on the 



mididvay:^ftom Lianerch bridge, and 
Demeirchion, Senecio tenuifoiils. 



right. Several seats are beautifully 
scattered, upon the sides of this vale ; 



The first Inns at Holyweil are the among which /ore? BagoVi and lord JiRri- 



White Horse, and Red-lion^. 

The capper and brass urorks near the 



waU*s afe the most conspicuous. 
The road to Flint is very uninter- 



towhand'upon the stream from the well esting, compared with the prevailing 

are moat interesting. They>i>elong to features of picturesque scenery with 

the Anglfesea companies, and are the which the principality abounds. 

coBlinitationof th^ processes at Parys to Msingweifc Abbey, if mile*, Binjki; 



mouiktaifu The manufacture of brass 
forms, a distinct operation in these vast 



Wyndham; Skriae. 
^ St. Asaph, 10 miles, dingley; Penoant. 

-$10 



S63 



HOPE. KIDWl!tLY. 



964 



To Denbigh 15 mUcfr Aikia. 

— Flint, by Downinf , 10 miles* Warner. 

— Flint) 7 miles, Wyndbam^ feooanL 



From Caerprrle, 1 mile, Yennaat. 



the M|>utchnd effigy of a iMiesC, not 
Umr since dxx^ up, with a nearly oMiter- 
«tea 'iaaert]>tion. Over tlie •outhera 
^tiance into the church is a small fig- 
ure of the Virgin Mary. In the 
16th centmy there was a Priory of black 
HOPE is a small village of Flintshire, monks, near the church. The 
situated near Caergwrle on the road to Gastle forms a noble object, -adjoining 
Mold. The ground in this neighbour- the ruins oi old Kidwelly upon the op- 
hood is rather hilly, but the valleys are posite bank of the Gwendraeth vychan 
fertile in corn and grass. At the river. Leland says, "the old town is 
termination of the village are some pic- psettily wauUld, and hath hard by the 
.turesque remains of it's ancient Castle, wanl a Castel ; the' old town n near al 
in which the queen of Edward 1 lodged desolated, but the castelis meately well 
on her way to Caernarvon. The king .kept up." This description applies 
afterwards presented this place to her, very weU to the present appearance of 
whence it took the name of Queen's- the place; for tho' thecanle bevnin- 
Hope. Here is a fine old bridse over habited, it continues tolerably endre. 
,the river Alun, whence, and from an The gateway is very fine, and the 
adjacent rock, may be had a complete whole a mag^ficent remain. This 
Ivlew of the village, said to have been a Cortrcss wasboilt, as some say, soon ai- 
rman sta^on. It forms a slope to the ter the conquest, by Maurioe de Loa- 
^iver, and has 3 broad parallel streeu, dres, onie of the 14 norman knights 
intersected by 3 others at right angles, who conquered Glamorganshife ; and, 
.Spme, roman bricks were found in the after undergoing the usual Ticisaitudes 
year 17 , in the ruins oF an old house of saeges> partial demolitlott and dif- 
in Hope; and large beds of iron cinders, feEeatrmasters, fell to the crown of 
supposed to be from the works of the Engfand,' and was lately the property 
Romans at Crtw-.Ei/yi*, in the same par- ©f mr. Vaughan, of Golden-gvove; 
.i^h. A Roman Road lies from the now that of his heir,.' lord Cawdor. 
•village in the direction towards Mold, According* to Caradoc, it - was bailthi 
and IS visible in the fields on this side the year l)S9y by Rhys^ prince of S. 
jRoj-Teg, with an artificial mount, close Walea. Jl peiton in the town keeps 
to it's coarse. This spot is supposed to the key of a smatt door in the back 
have been Caer-Gawr-Ue, or camp of part of the- castle, through wbicb 
the great legion, a name bestowed, by strangers are admitted. Some of the 
the j|pitons,on the 26th legion, analog- princifial toW.en still retain their arch- 
ed roofs of stone. The prospecta from 
the battlements of the castle ^ are un- 



ous to Victrix. 
Back to Mold, 4 miles, PenoaDt. 



From Llanelly, 6 miles, Eyans ; Skrine. 
— — Llanstephan, 7 miles, Malkio. 
.— - Caermartheo, 7 miles, Malktn. - 

KIDWELLY, or Cathweli, (i. e. 



comraohly fine. At the foot of the 
castle ilows Gwendraiik vyckum. To 
the southward lies the sea. • 'On the 
opposite side of the river appears the 
town of Kidwelly. There is 4i hand- 
some stone bridge across .the 



Cattse lectus ; because Leland says Cat^ As a port this place is « very indif- 
tus nsed here to make his bed in an oak) ferent one, owing to the. bacbeoir be- 



or Cvdweli, (perhaps from cydi a junc 
tk>n ; and wyl, a flow,) in Caermarthen- 
•shire, is a neat regularly built town, seat.- 
ted in anarrow well-wooded valley. It 
is divided into w hat is called the Old and 
Jlew Towns, separated by a bridge over 
the Gwendraeth. The oldtnwn, stand. 



ing choaked with sands. 'Accord- 

ing to Dugdale, there WaiTlanBerly 
here a priory of BenedictiBe' monks, 
founded by Roger bishop of Salisbury, 

about .1130* ■•■ ^ ^ 

Inn.: The Pelican i - 
From Kidwelly mr. Evans made an 



ing between the 2 rivers Gwendraeth sxcvasxoN op the vales of Gwendraeth 

vawt, and vychan, is of great antiquity. Vawr and Vychan. These rivers have 

It had anciently strong walls, and 3 their sources in' the common of Esken- 

gates, which are now much delapidat^ ning. The land is various, but in the 

ed. The modem Church, dedicated to vale of Gwendraeth Vychany for themost 

our Lady, has a conspicuous spire. It part consists of rab, sand, and loam, 

contain' nothing very ancient, except and is s tudded with fertile fams : 



965 KIL6ERRAN. 26^ 

wbUc^ ;tlifr.«oii of GvtendxMtk Vmer, in- May*, the former in autumn with the 

espeoiaUy. on the eastern side, is prin- heath. In the parish of IJandyvaeiog > 

cipaljiy a:3r6llpw ochreous clay> lyin^^ near Gelii, mr, Evans found Hypericum 

over !f:oal an4 iron. The latter river androsaemumi Salvia verbenaca, Acros- 

risQS in. a Wl called Mynnydd Vawr, tichum septentrionale ; and near»' up-- 

an^ a. small pool in a moor beneath land, Solidago virgaurca. On the road 

takes the name of Upn Tegwyn. The side towards Caermarthen, Lythrum sa^ 

hiU in which the .former rises is Myn- licaria, L. hysopifolia, and Humulus lu- 

npdd'Vychan, in which is ah opening pulus. Passing the small village of SU 

into whifcb persons formerly- walked^ IskmaelsL ferry is crossed atthemntttb 

Near.this -are the traces of Lie' Camg, of the Towy to Llanstxph an Castle* • 

an Uolated rock ; and not far from it an-' On the shore was found Eryngium mar-^ 

other,cali^ Craig y Vinat: betweenthe itimum, Glaux maritima, and Arenaria 

two, it is sai4, tlvere wasronce atown. rubra. — J. Evans. 

Thcee miles iiorthward, upon, another Tiie road to Caermarthen' lies on a 

isolated and inaccessible ro(ik« stand steep woody bank, above the romantic, 

the r\:^ggid ruins of Carreg C^nntn <7<M^tf, course of Kidwelly river; but^it«oon 

at the foot of which flows the stream deyiates. to the superior attractions: of. 

whence the foruess derives ijt's name, the Towey, following which expaosiva. 

A well which, supplied the garrison "^^ater and verdant accompaniments 6«- 

with water, is §aid, by Gyraldus^ to ebb ver a long antique bridge arrive at Caer-' 

and flow witlrthe sea. Descending the martben. 

river about 3 mile«, it is joined by a The road to Llansllt lies over the. 

powerful brook called Tresgirtb. At marshy flat through which the canal ir 

the hea4 of this, distant a mile, is a hole carried to the coal-works. After cross-' 

or cave, where people during Whittide, ing Spudder-Miget we begin to mount- 

walk. In this part of the country the Penbree Hill, whence the surrounding 

farms are in a slovenly condition. Ex- scenery is viewed to the greatest ad- 

cepdons however must be made ; a- vantage. Caermarthen Bay, and Bris* 

mong these may be mentioned mr. Bev- tol Channel, to the opposite shores of 

an o£ Pengay, and mr. Davis of Lach- Devonshire, compose the marine pros-' 

tony. The latter g^ntlenian cultivates pect ; while the interior is marked by- 

1 acres of what is qalled French furze, considerable inequalities. This hill i» 

which he propagates by seed; with the highest in the s. of Caermarthen*' 

these whins, which he cuts every year, shire. 

he keeps his whol? team, and riding to caermarthen, 10 mtles, Binrley. 
horses. over the wmter : he gives it mix- « Lianelly, 9 miles, Malkin. 
ed with hay to his horned cattle. The — Llanstephan Castle, Evans | Skrine. 
produce per acre is from 12 to 13 tons 

weight. It is bruised with a short pole ^^^^^^^^^^^^^.^-^,^->^^ 
armed at the lower end with cross irons, 

cutting and bruising at the same time. ^™'" C^erdigan, 3 miles. Barber j Malkin j 
A man will bruise 36 busheU per day, ^^*"J ' S'lu^'L^*,™^'', ^u ^ 
at the price of a halfpenny ea?h. A , " ^"'^"'^' ^Omiles, Wyndham. 
more expeditious way is by a mill, KILGERRAN, or Cilgeran^ in Pem- 
formed of 2 cylinders. This furze or hrokeshire, consists of one irregular and 
whin in some parts of tlie country grows ill-built street, inhabited by labouring > 
to* IJO, or Jt^^eet .high, andjt'sstjBn^s are. farmers and fishermen; yet to this a«-- 
ojftefr cut for fuel. ; It is . aubstituted In senion must be excepted the curates lit- 
sonae places for fences instead ofhaw- tie man$ion,a cottage completely hood- 
thorn.,, fbe thorns^ of tl^e dwsj^rf furz^; qd with ivy. It's Castle crowns,, 
are tr^gular and smpo^th^eabcj^auhe- with truly picturesque grandieur the 
base>, appearing to, proceed from. the. summit of a naked rock which risea 
bark J jj^^-ippdwuiali anjd short, with:t' proudly frpm the bed of, the river Teivi, 
out jdwn. llhe French' fuji^zc hasi thorns "^he position of Kilgerran castle is near^ 
from ^^'real extension o^ tl)e«tem, quite ly selfdefended on all sides; but on tbCf' 
str^glit, woo^y^ twice or. thrice as Ipng isthmus which connects the projecting' 
as the' leaves*, pods tliijck and short, rock wit;j.^he main land, two ponder^- 
covered .wit^ a., hoary whitish down, oos rouml cowers seem to have former- ' 
The leaves, bjf ^tJbie latter aw^-shap^d*, of ly defied the assault of war, as they now 
the formeriringed. The latter flowers do that of pilfering dilapidation. TIjq 



<167 KILGERRAI^ 968 

broken walls, watch-towers, and aparN ly mil, about 4( feet long »aA^S wide, 
menu which compote the minor parts yet so Ught at to be eaiUj cmied upon 
of this fortress, bespeak it to have been the tbuttldert. In this akiff be •Ceert 
of no great original extent, nor highly hris way with a paddle lA one hand, 
ornaiisented ; yet the scattered relics, while with the other he maaages the 
variously interwoven with ivy, offer an net, holding the line between his teeth, 
appearance from most points of view Near this water-fkllis amanafacture 
highly imposing and gran^ Thefounda- of iron and tinned plates^ the ptoperty 
tion of the castle is uocenain, and the of Sir Benjamin Hanraiet* Two 

styles of different ages appear through- or 3 miles up the river is Newcastle 
out the building. According to Carr»- iif Emlyn^ a small trre^lar town, sit- 
doc, this fortress was erected about the uated apon it's banks, and graced with 
year 1833, when Marshall earl of Stri- the venerable ruins of a castle. Theace 
gnil (Chepstow) vanquished the Welch a road of 80 miles extends through a 
under their prince Oryffydd, and gained dreary uninteresting country to Caxb- 
an undisputed footing in these parts.-^ marthen. 

J. T. Barber. "The beautiful A more romantic and seqn^atered 

•cenery around this castle,'* says sir path than is traced beside the Teivi 
Richard Hoare, " stands unequalled in from A»»l Lechryd to Uttngoedmcnr, on 
S, Wales, andean only be rivalled by the w; 'side; can scarcely be- imagined, 
that of Conwy in N. Wales } but it must In the parish of the latter village there 
be visited by water, not by land. Hav^ are several druidie monuments r one is a 
ing skirted the sides of a long and ex- remarkably large eromieck; the flat 
ttnttve marsh, a sudden bend of the stone being 8 or 9 yards in Cii*damfer- 
river contracting it's channel, conducts ence, with one edge lestiii); on the 
us into a narrow pass, surrounded by a ground. There is a smadler monament 
perpendicular rampart of wood and near it bf the same kind, al^ h circle of 
rock, with steep and precipiute banks rude stones about 19 ^ards round, and 
of oak and copse wood, leathering down 5 beds of loose stones, each about 6 feet 
to the water's edge : the first view we over. Veeh y g&wres (the stone of a 
catch of the castle, at a distance, be- giantess) in the parish of Neuadd, near 
tween a perspective range of well- Caerdigan, is another very large crom- 
wooded hills, is very st .iking; and Ueh; and Contiguous is 19 large hewn 
what, on a nearer approach, it may lose ston&, whibh the vulgar say cannpt be 
in picturesque beauty, it certainly gains counted. ' 

in grandeur •, the proud waUs of a large On the road to ABtaAEitoi^, at the 
castle appears towering full in front ; poor village ofBluenpoiih, on the left of 
the hiU on which they stand, is rather the road, is a large circular area ehcom- 
destitute of wood, but boldly broken passed by a moat, which \%. most prob- 
with projecting rocks; and, perhaps, ably the remains of a British fortifica- 
the general effect of the landscape may tion. A mrle or two further is a siriii- 
not lose by this contrast to t!ie rich sur- lar work, called CakteUYntUdig, It is 
rounding scenery of wood. I have much larger than the fortinterbut less 
never seen ruins more happily combin- distinct. Beginning to asqend a tract 
ed with rocks, wood, and water; a of lofty hills (leaving flp«l^« cfccrcA on 
more pleasing composition; or a more the left near the sea- shore) and' gaining 
captivating landscape, which is ani- a consid^r^le emineiice an uninter- 
mated by the numerous coracles em- rupted view over the whole sw^p of 
ployed in catching salmon.** In a ro» the bayof€aerdigeni is prrteritfed." This' 
mantic hollow, a mile or two higherj bay^ from it's southern limit, Stttmble- 
near the village of Kenartk the Teivl head nekt Fish^ard, stretcH(bg north- 
falls over a. ledge .of rofck* in one bold- ward, esttends a v^st jgul^h ihtb N. 
sheet, tho' not more than 6 feet in Wales, and is ^ length tertnittatedby 
depth, fbrihinga salmon4eUp, general- BaWsey island in ' "CaethisirvOnshbre. 
ly. considered the most remarkable in The effect of thi* exteiisive disnlay, 
Wales. Their manner of frshin^ is cu-» says mr Barber,'fyom th^ gr^at mVa- 
ijoiiis. T-he fisherman is seated in a tiohs^hich we traversed, Waiexttwhc- 
kind'of canoe, called a torni^h) formed ly strikiii^ ; stretching from beneath u§ 
of baaket-work ©f thin iathei', covered to a rtJtnote hdfizohi.thc «eacxhitihed 
with a horse's hide, or a well pitched a silvery surface of immeiise niagoi- 
piece of sail-clo(h. The vessel is near* tade; 'while the shore* pre sen ted an 



269 - KILGERRAN. 2W 

endlefti vai'iely of bold advancing proiti- pensive works for the purpose of mak" 

ontaries, overhanging cliffs, arid high ing tin-plates. The beauty of ^e river 

swelling mountains, wild and desolate ; here diminishes, and we are left to fol- 

yet here sind there a stripe of green low a miserable coasting, road. Th© 

meadow appeared on a favoured slope, town of Uanarck consists of a few strag- 

and a few w6ody plantations disclosed giing cottages. After leaving a deep 

thetnselves' through picturesque hoi- and shady dell on the left, we descend- 

lowi. In th^ distant boundary of Caer- cd to Aberaeron. — J. T. Barber. 

narvon6hire, the projecting and receding As there is nothing on the turnpike 

hills about Pwllhelli bay were conspic- road to Newport to deserve, attention, 

uous; opposed to these, the superior mr.Malkin recommends crossing a very: 

magtiituc^ of Cader-Idris arrested the wild heath, from St. Dogmaels, to the 

attention, lowering among the craggy village of Trevithel, a pretty little re- 

ftumtnits of the Merionethshire moun- cess, watered by a fresh stiean[i. To 

tains. From the bay our view roamed Nevem the country continues dismal* 

over a dreary uninteresting tract of but the descent to this place has some* 

countty, tiaaridge of mountams, whose thing agreeable mixed with it's wiid«^ 

broken outlines milling with the clouds, 'ne%s. Close by the church porch on 

defend the entrance of N.Wales; where the s. is a single stone of aqviadrangut 

proudly risiiig above competition, the lar form, about 2 feet broad, 18 inches 

confederated mountains, forming the tltick, and 13 feet high, with a cross- at 

pile of mignty Plinlimmon, appear in the top. But the most important lelic 

all their majesty. This road general- in this neighbourhood is a ^omiech 

ly lie^ on a rocky track or turnpike, and mentioned mider Duffriti'Hffute. [See 

givear the sensation of tediousness. page 138. J This is at the distance of 

The markfer town of Uanardi, consist- one mile from Newport Castle. The 

ing of hsllf a dozen 'huts seated in a ro- village of Velindree is in a^pleasing situ*- 

znantic hollow, at th6 distance of 14 ation. Ziwya(rtoatr, the seat of George 

miles from Kilgerran, affords some re- Bowen, esq. is in a sheltered situation, 

lief. Three miles further is Aberae- on the aide of the Nevem. The castle 

ron. ' There cannot be a rnore in- of Newport looks well from this place. 

terestln^ object, whether viewed from To Narbirth occurs the smil vij»- 

the water slbove or below,- than Kilger- lage of Egltoysxene, at the distance o£ 6 

ran Cftstte. The high perpendicular miles from Kilgerran. Excepting tbo 

cUfB, with huge trees growing out of vale of Clwyd, mr. Warner tlaanks that 

their fissurds ; the dense vvood beneath ; this district exceeds every other part of 

the bold rock, standing as an advanced Wales in good husbandry. From Eg- 

guard J the ivy-mantled ruins on it's Iwyswrw, a sequestered village shut 

summit ; and the crystal waters of the out of the world by a girdle of moun- 

Teiyi rejecting, as in a mirror, the im- tains, an effort brings the traveller to 

pending shades, and rolling over large the summit of Presele nunintmn, which 

fragments of rock beneath, through a exhibits masses of rock in fantastic 

narrow chasm, forth a group of objects shapes and uncommon groupes. Here 

which please while they astonish. — J. is a fine cromlech called Zi«cAyJF?ai<!l(f- 

Evan's. The variegated walk by ast, the great stone, of the £emale 

the side of thi$ river, and indeed the wolf. A Druidic temple occurs in a 

whole scene, bears a strong resem- field to the right, at the point where 

blahce to the banks of the Wye under is entered the Narberth turnpike road 

the Celebrated Piersfield ; and, tho' the About 400 yards to the left of the road, 

current be less broiad, and the rocks on and nearly in a straight line with the 

each side not so awfully grand, yet, the temple, stands another immense ob- 

beautiftil verdure of the one, and the long stone, placed upright, callj^d.Afa^n 

transpaferit 'brighttiess of the other, y Gw^r.— Rev. R. Warner. 

malre/ample amends; to this, if ivearfd to Aberaeron. 23 milcsy Barber j Skrine. 

^^^^;^^^^'^/??^ "^r ""f ^**2^"^^ ^f »- - Newport, 8 miles, Malkin. 

tle,^hlch, by rt'ssihgular contrast to the _ Newcastle in Emblyn, 7 miin, Evans. 

rest of the view, gives a finishing to this , _ Narbenh, 16 miles, Warner. 

d^HCiotis landscape, the Teivi may just- — Caerdigani, 3 miles, Wyndham. 

ly be compared with the Wye. We ^^^^^^^ 

met our horses at Litchryd hndge^ a lit- '^-^-^'^-^-^'^'^'^^^^'^^^ 

tie below which are some large and ex- 



475 



LEOMliJSTfeR: 



216 



tt6A%^ hi^ iimf ift a strong camp, upon revotutipn the maJQ? sold serend of 
a hiii ^bout i miles to (be s. This ao- them^ and leased others ; but the pro- 
deht caftip is thought to be that called ceeds of the residue scarcely amounted 
loinglon'i upon the Brierly Hills. That to 30/. more than the fee-farm rent pay- 
i^|>on which prince Henry sutioned his able to the crown. He, therefore, in 
army probably is that which may be 1692» sold all the remainder, including 
traced a few miles to the westward, Leominster, to lord Coniog&by, who 
nearly midway 6n the road between was lord chief justice of Ireland, for 
Stretford and Pembridgc. On the 3069Z. The earl of Essex, a descend, 
death of Edward 6, the endeavours of ant from his lordship, by ' the female 
the duke of Northumberland to secure line, is now owner. The Church 
the throne for lady Jane Grey, occasion- at Leominster is dedicated to Saints Pe- 
ed those in the duke's interest to assem- ter and Paul. The whole of that part 
ble near the town, amounting to 13,000 of the structure appropriated to divine 
men. l^his force diminished, as prin- service, was erecteci at the beg;ixining of 
ress Mary's success became more ap- the 17th century; the old church, 



parent, till only the most zealous parti- 
zatis of. the duke alone remained^ 
These strongly entrenched themselves 
upon a small ehiinence, called Curnah 
6t Coursenah Hill, about a mile w. o£ 
Xieominster, a)id thence menaced the 
town viflth an assault. The inhabiu 
ants, who were mostly in favour of the 
hereditary succession, procured assist- 
ance from Hereford and made an attack 
upon the entrenched camp, which they 
defeated and dispersed. Mary consid- 
ered their service as important, for she 
rewarded the leaders and granted to the 
town it's first regular charter of incor- 
poration ; and other privileges. The 
manor of Leominster, with all it's ap- 
purtenances, then valued at 666/. 19*. 
8rf. annually, was given by Heniy 1, to 
Reading Abbey, which he had found- 
ed. After the dissolution of monaster- 
ies, Leominster, with it's various mem- 
bers, was held by the crown, till the 
time of James 1, when it was granted 



which seems to have been a magnificent 
structure, having been destroyed on the 
J8th of March 1700, by an accidental fire 
occasioned by the carelessness of some 
plumbers, who had been repairing the 
lead. The expense uf the new fabric 
amounted to upwajrds of 16,500/. In 
it's present state the church is irregular, 
both in it's form and architecture. The 
most ancient parts are the k. wall, the 
N. side, the tower which stands at the 
Mw. angle, the w. end, and the wall and 
windows of the s. side. In the interi- 
or, the chief part is modern, except 
what is called the back isle, which, as 
well as the lower part of the tower, is 
principally of Saxon workmanship. 
The exterior of the s. end has 3 large 
buttresses, a high poitited window, w^ith 
intersecting muliions, and 2 smaller 
windows. The ground to the eastward 
is uneven ; probably from the founda- 
tions of the Priory Church. On the n. 
side is a very strong semicircular arch- 



by that sovereign to his favourite the ed door-way, with one smaller within 



duke of Buckingham, with it's appen- 
dages. During the Interregnum, the 
estates which had belonged to the 
QuCen, were in possession of Henn^ 
Martin, esq., one of the judges of Charles 
I, who was afterwards confined 27 



it, and 3 singular windows, having an- 
gular wooden muliions and gables with 
roofs J the clerestory windows, above, 
have semicircular arches. The upper 
part of the tower is in the pointed style, 
and embattled ; the lower part is Sax- 



years in Chepstow Castle ; but after, thq on : it displays a singularly rich entrance 



restoration the whole appears to have 
been restored to the then duke of Buck- 



door-way on the w., having a recessed 
arch, with 3. pillars on each side, the 



ingham, the spendthrift and profligate capitals of yhichare ornamented with 
Villiers. This nobleman sold a yerycpn- sculptures of foliage, a couchant jman^ 
siderable part of the estates to different a tyger, snakes ent^yinQ^ round branch- 
purchasers about the year 1662, and 10 es, and birds. The mouldings or arch- 
or 12 years afterwards, the rcmainderi es, supported by these- pillars, are 
Uicluding the manor and borpugh of slightly pointed, but are eifibellished 
Leominster, was taken possession of with lozenges and zig-zag work.' A- 
by major Wildman, who had been an ac- hove this door-way is a.mutilated recess- 
tive supporter of the parliament during ed saxon window, the capitals of the 
the civil wars, and to whom the duke was pillars, on each side of which are high- 
indebted the sum of. 1400/. After tlie ly ornamented with scrolls and tracery. 



ftcybnd tffe (owef-aw « large poitftfe^ as the assemMi^i of the coTpoMy^^i 
-western wFiidcrws j the largest, which ttx thcf Cdtintil-chamber is a pomait ot 
is next the ti^w^r; i* Very rich tracery sir Charles Hanbury Williams, kni^riit 6? 
ttrork ; the mulHons' are nncoihmdnly t^e bath, who was one of the represent 
labetired, and those in 4hd middle ate catfves for this bordugh in 1754. . '^ 
supported by bmtfesses : the other win- neat Marliet-House, for the saleof grain, 
dow is moresimpW; but equally rich was erected fey the corporation in'the, 
in ornament, the mullions are entirely year 1803. It is isi little buildiagof the 
covered with rosettes, as are the mould- tuscan order, with pediments ^d a cvir 
eringson the sides, and within the arch ; pota, standing in a small square to th^ 
the windows on the 8. side are afeo^U eastward of the High-street. A new 
pointed, and embellished in a similar Goal was built here about the year 
manner. The interior length of this -1750. Severa^ improvements have, 
building is 123 feet and it's breadth 124 1 been made in Leominster within Qie. 
the northern an4 southern sides measur- last 15 6r 20 vears, but the butchers* 
ing each 62 feet. On the tr. side: is the houses pear the town h&ll, are still a^ 
nave and n. aisle of the ancient church, fiuisancri. The clothing and hat trade. 
iwbicK are detached by a range of are carried on here in rather an extensive 
massive circular columns, with round manner.' The wool, the cyder, and 
arcdnes, over whi6k are saxon arcades, hops produced in this neighbourhoocf^ 
and still highei^, rude arched wihdows ; are much esteemed. The corpora- 

the a^ch of the tower, which opens in- tron consists of a bailiff, chief steward^; 
to this part, is pointed, and reaches! near-, recorder, 24 capital burgesses,,a cham«; 
\y to the roof, which i^ here of timber « bferlain, 2 sergeants at mace, apd somei^ 
a corresponding row of massive columns ihferior officers: The membei;s ofpar-' 
range oh the s, side between the ojd fiament are chosen by the corporation^, 
and new parts of the build^rigi fh^ s.'. an^ inhabitaiits paying scot and lot. 
side which is the modern part, and usr An Almi-Houfee ^or 4 decayed widows,, 
ed for divine service, is spacious and each of Whom have, 5 pounds annually,, 
lofty; and in a plain but neat style j the ha$ beeli endovv^^ed by mrs. Hester, 
roof 48 sustained by 4 tuscan , pillars.. Clarke*^ Tjhe, site of the Castle or. 

The pews are of oak. At the W. end. Palace, naentioned by Leland,asbelpng- 
is a neat gallery, supported by corinthi- ing to Merwald, is supposed tp be the 
an pillars ; in which aiine organ was e* mount to" the eastward, which overlooks 
rected in the years 1737 and 1738. ^be Hay-lane. The population of 

The altar-piece is a painting of the last Leominster, as returned under the late 
supper, from Rubens. In the church act, amounted to 3019 ^ the number of. 
yard are memorials of 2 females, nam- houses, 1f36. 

ed Joan Seward and mrs. Wheel, both Inns. Red Lion, Unicom, Crown, 
of whom attained the age of 103, Talbot. . 

There are in this town, a baptist, pres- Upon the Brierly-HiUs, about 2 miles, 
byterian, moravian, andquaker's chap- sW, from Leominster, is Ivington Camp,_ 
els. A building contiguous to the a strong fortification, divided into tw<^ 

church, once was a 'school-house ; but parts by a more modern entrcnchment«> 
lately has been converted into a regular, than the outerwork?. This is suppos-. 
Theatre. The Priory was situated! ed to be the camp occupied by Owen 

to the NE. of the church* pn th^e little. Glyndw^, on.tis retreat before the ar- 
river Pinsley, of which some of the. itty;of pjihip^' HenTy. Many cpins..of 
buildings are yet standing: among of the dates 134.0, apd 1590, have beeh 
them is the, Priory House, whic^h has found in ploughing the interior parts. • 
undergone various alterations., Lord* '. Five and a tialf miles s. of Leominster 
Coningsby haii it fitted up as ^ county near the road tp Hereford, is Hampton 
goal ;j it was afterwards made a man- Courts the principal seat of George Ca- • 
sion-ljibiise fo;-'thi5 Bailiff, but has, since pel Coningsby, earl of Essex, built uq^ 
been coi^yertQd into a House of Indus- . der the immediate auspice^ of Hejiry 4, . 
try. The Town Hall is a singu- . by his favourite, sif.RpW^and Lenthall. . 

lar building, of tiipber and plaster, con- . The mansion is a large magnificent ', 
structed about the year 1 633 : the archi- structure, situat^a , uppn a spacious - 
tect was the celebrated John Abel, who lawn of nearly lOQ acres, and proteqt- 
built the shire hall at Hereford. The , ed on the ne. hj an eminen(;e covered 
quarter sessions are held here, as well with luxuriant foliage. About a quar- 



9,19, LLAKBADARN VAWR, 

t^r of a mile to the fw. flows the river 
Liigg, which, at some distance below 
the house, is joined by a beautiful little 
stream which rises in the hills about 
Lock ley Heath, and meanders through 
the park in a south-westerly direction. 
This noble pile partakes partly of the cas- 
tellated, and partly of the monastic char- 
acter. The buildings surround a quad- 
rangular court ; having a grand square 
entrance tower in the centre of the n. 
front; and at each extremity, another 
and smaller tower, the most eastern of 
which unites with the chapel. The en- 
trance tower is deeply embattled, and 
machicotated on boUi it's faces. It is 
t». be regretted, that much of this curi- 
ous old mansion was destroyed by in- 
congruous alterations, began about 
the time of William the 5d, and contin- 
ued duriiig the succeeding reigns; but 
in the various improvements which 
have since taken place, the building 
has been, in part judiciously restored 
to it's pristine character. The interior 



S80 
house is a good shrubbery, intersected 

by a pleasant walk. . Nat £ar distant is 
a neat residence for the stewfvd ; an<! 
at the entrance of the park, is a very 
handsome Lodge, in the rustic sty4e.-^ 
FromBrayley and Brittoa's England^ anc 
Price's History of Leominster. 

To Pretteign, H miles: 
- -> Kington, 90 miles. 

— Uar, 21 miles. 

~ Hereford.. l{ mUes to Ivington Brid^; 
li Wharton; 1^ Hope. Cr. 1 Winslcf,T. 
Berrington, esq.; to the /. ^ mile, HampcoP- 
Court, Earl of EflKxO 2 DiDmore-hil) ; | 
Burfhope-houaciH Wellington i l^More- 
ton-on-Lugg, to tijc f. John Keysall, esq.; 
SfHoInerj 1{ Hereford; in all 13J; miles. 



From Pont y.Monseb, IS miles, l^jndhaaL 
— - Tregaron, 18 mikt| Skrine. 

LLANBADARN VAWR, is situat- 
ed in a valley, at a short distance from 
Aberystwith, in Caerdiganshire. The 



is commodious, and many of the ap- sanctityof saint Dubricius and saint Da- 



partments are fitted up with great taste. 
One of the apartments is furnished in 
a splendid manner, with crimson da- 
mask hangings, and the bed and canopy 
of the same, remains precisely in the 
state as when used by William 3, who 
here visited Thomas, baron Coningsby, 



vid, drew into Brittany, from foreign 
parts, saint Paternus, a devout ypuag 
man, who built here a church and mon- 
astery. The church is large, of early 
gothic architecture, containing a mas- 
sive square tower supported by lofty 
arches. The interior consists of a nare 



a nobleman particularly distinguished and chancel, formed of rough materials, 

for his bravery at the battles of the With a few modern monumente, partic- 

Boyne and Aghrim in Ireland. In the ularly one to the memory of Lewis Mof^ 

library is an ebony casket, upon the lid n*, well known as a profound historian 

of which are miniatures of the said and antiquarian, and the author of a 



monarch and lord Coningsby, ingenious- 
ly copied from large pictures, by the pre- 
sent lady Essex. In this box is cpntained 
the handkerchief applied by lord Conr 
^ ingsby to the wotfnd received by kiiig 



valuable work, entitled " Celtic Re- 
mains," since considerably enlarged by 
the rev. Walter Davies, b. a. The 
southern portal is light and elegant. 
In th^ ch\irch-yard is an old cross, deco- 



William at the battle of the Boyne. A- rated with fret-work, knots, &c. This 
mong the very valuable painungs pre- is supposed to have been one of the 
served in this mansion, are some inter- earliest bishopricks in Wales. The 



esting pieces by C. Jansen, Holbien, 
Vandyck, Lely, Kneller, andRieynolds. 
The Chapel still retains traces of it's 
pristine appearance : the roof is of tim- 
ber work; with many carved ornamenu, 
peculiar to the pointed style. Several of 
the windows contain painted ^lass in 
various stages of decay. The . 

scenery around this mansion is highly 
picturesque and beautifal. The park 



Church was given, in 1 111, to St. Pet- 
er's at Glocester", and some time after 
to Vale Royal ih' Cheshire. 

The Sunday Schools of this parish, in 
1805, contained 500 scholars. 

At a short distance from Llanbaliam 
Vawr, mr. Skrine joined the great road 
from Aberystwith to N. Wales, and pas- 
sing Tnlybont, gained a view of the 
coast, just where a vast range of naoun- 



is betwieen 7 and 8. miles in cir'cumfer- tains extend along the Merioneth side 

ence ; and contains some fine timber, of the river Dovey. This river is here 

During rainy seasonsj a fine cascade is an estuary, capable of receiving large 

formed by the rushing of the waters o- vessels, and occasionally inundates a 

ver a tnass of broken rock. Near the considerable plain. Crossing the stream 



381 LliA-STftEDEll. -^ 

ol Uysnani^ «7liici^ di^dci'the cp\i*fti^ • the agricultur4iy*is''ivell as piciu^qtie 
of Momgonf^iry and Caerdigan; ii€ s»dA <apiJearande of things begins sensibly to 
'reat^d'Die^ ^Hva of MxetfYNL'L'il^'f A. ^ T&^rdve!. By turning down a bVe-Wad 
'^ Sir RichaM Hoare advises the towia^ -to the left, in the village of KhJtibWeQ, 
to- eatamideton his .way to Machyi^- ^a^trang^ wiH hot only see ttie^roMaSD?- 
-L&TH (he r4E>man Mjition at" P«»t4/«j rJltW- tie situation of i4/%rdrfihybtitby^<3ej^ 
-«r thMf.'gtff'to'AfyertloVey ind Towyn ; irfg" along the hanks of the Clfetiir*, 'tifi 
and from Penalt instead of pursuing tWe it' feUs into the Teivi; ind then tsikiii^ 
dreary j(»d, along ther coast ^o Bar- -ihe vale -to Llandyssul, will coift«iafe4 
moutjh, to take?, the imoii5>lnoujltsUJib«ib -i'vtixy interesting reach, Whicfe would 
track nearf thepretty lakes of Tfl/yiityw, b^'lost by adhering tothe furtipfke. 
and tinder the majestic ba«e'of-€ADka -Alltyr Odin is situated oA the = side <ff 
Idri^to DoLdilLE*, in which route -a hiU, overlobking the' be&utiful frftlfe 
he will see some of the grandest scene- v^alley through which theCleiuf rdtf j. 
ry in N. Wales; .:: l -^ . . - • « 'Not far distant from the house occv* 
To Abcry»«nth.aSWks,V^ndliain. '' -a pleasing little fall, some striking ma^B- 
-^'MachyBllMtb, 17 miles, Skrine. •" 'Sfe^otf rock, and th«' foiindationd of % 

, . ,....; ; . - : . very ancient castle on a hill. Thereis 

'^'<,'^^'<^'f'f^'^f^^^>^^'^^^^^^. another similarly «it*iated) in the* vale «/ 
' Fcoml^Ngaran, MOniles* Malkita» Baiiieri'o ^T^i, CtOse by. ^^m the^^int WheV^ 
, — T+- Cacidig?n,.BpiU)i0 Tew|, pi Kilfermb stheCletir falls into the Tehfi to the sdal, 
,. iron-TOiksy/^jHilei^WyndlMih. m'-.mj the tanks preseht a succession of pic^. 
. --r-Ll^(*ov^ry^i^^Wl^,S)cpne.../.;.,v ^j^ ^^^ rarelf tO be oWldone: " yrt 
UANBEJStSElv . an-i Taatr. ^epfcass 34ve village of Uutidyssuly tho* * ^H % 
OiexdigSnsh»e,j](eartfae river Tieiviv "is «xqtuisit<fely situated- • Dr. Stev^Hsd^ 
it^mftUaiid.'pbortbwibwithlittle'iait''te ^Ao«m stands on- the daermaftnfen¥h}f^ 
^nvftonfr tQF«ngage juLtention:; exce{^tr«i ;sideof the rive^, in a ityl^of neatneiiUtHfl 
;?very* pi/Ctul:esq«c^ancicnt seat '.of::ihe ^mpiicity, well suited to the compte*- 
jLlOyds. TheT<eiv£onotbavigable<ait -itmiei the spot. This place has ti^Hi 
Llanbeder u hai^been asserted byififn^ .Aiuch visited hy tho6« Who are €Vifk>t% 
kerton. MV. Malkin says,) that 5^es«ete ittJUhe-'practice of husbandry. '-^ 
have nevet.;coihe> itnioh further thlin ?Prora Llandyssul to N6wc»Btle i« tiffl- 
Bfnt Uechryd.' :,■' /Fhesit'ealottiire^ ilyn^ mr. Msilkin<re<<oiiviiftend6 the Gae?- 
niainsof it?r]&nde]it:3&btle,.vUbitBtriU ^mrChetfshire^s^ .«f1fl!^ '''^ 

^aid to have fatten' demolithed ihtilST -The remains of: Sfrii Air a FLottiDA^^jSr 
JI^Oi9mG*yiudd4e]!d6Ms<moiGruJfydd YstradiiuT;^ a C<«tef^i^ monaste^, 
jip Canan^^ > '» vx . v The eavitons : of chU founded in U 64, by Rhy $, prince of • 3. 
.plac&abottnd withisteep turf fencesya- Wales, lies M. {the. disfcanceiof i4inrile« 
mid bleak' ^d barren niountains> '"In ,N£. ofT^&garongC^ufidinnded-bfyAieun- 
vain baS'thoroB^elders^ iJazeU bhch^Md tains, in the wildest part of Cacrdlgan- 
even furzebeea: planted.. l.With tte^sM^ sh'ure. One sakon arch' alone remains 
distance of lime,, the farmeware ©riabli- of this once revci^&d ianchiary . ' ' Onrthe 
^ to raise a^ small ^oduce onlyio^dats way ;s .^ an ax^cien^.roman st^tioi^^t 
and rye. > SQch U the natural ^OTBttf Llanio isau, situated upon the nw. 
bftheBoilthkttheaictofagricolniveha6 Mnksof<the T(iivl. ' - The a»tem 
Jtitherto been. exerted in vain..^'^^ < • banks of the Teivi niaV'be' tt.llbSved 
On quitting'tlanbedcr.towardk Pw«- with adVantagfe, to iJahdetbj^ Brevij 
4ynen» on tlje way to. NEwcAsl^Lf' tig '(v^lier'e are some curious inscriptions) 
Emlyn, theriS/is, .tlose to the townya and then, crossing the riyeir to Damo 
large .and ancient. .seatr* of sir Herbert isdu and Tregaron. From this p\^Ce 
Lloyd with 4 tower* isrowned.'vrkh -fnay be visited the^tenSiihs of StrAta 
-domes, in thd xhid'dle o^ a fine entftoi^ FtdainA; wheh^^tl^e tourist will have 
nre, A little way to ^he left beyond, lo crofts a most dreary tract of country 
'» /ianwnnen,.on[tfae hanks of GrawnnU to the only hospltiuhi -ivh^ch the cotin- 
river, which joins «he Teivi ata.liHlfe try affords; nimely the Hafod-anrfs, 
distance on the lisftol^the road. A lit;- Inear Pont y MbkAcH. ^ 

tie further on thieilef^is LhnvaugJuM; a ; Crossing the long old bridge of Llah- 
family seat of John Hiomas, esq. . : beder on the road to LLANorLo the 
About Xi/oiiawmrg the country begint to <K>ttnty of Caermarthen is entered up- 
improve, and the live fences to flovr^ «»« Nothing can be imagined more 
ish* .From Rhydowen forwasd»y ^dreitiy than the first part of thistrack. 



3^hkh liet over an .£xteaMV« langc of atone wiUwiit ai^ ptatt«r.w«tlua» aad 
4^n}py. hills. Not a tree, not a biuh ii the wmdo vs fcarcelf . 9dmt sufficient 
nobeseen. Fjpm this region of fterUi- lig^t to make even '«4»lw«i«^w»tWe;" 
Vth^'^9TeUer,ahef some time, hov^ fc^tbe iahabiianiU a«pfe«r jBHm h^py 
!eV«r, icatches a gleam of cultivatiop^ jn.thU seclade4 place and. with the 
jfli^PJPV5fdi«tanthiVl8 bordering on Breck- bpwre nec^waries of «Bsiencek 4han mil- 
j^cHf hires after^afdfi,on a ludden tuiii Ijoni ^ busy life, whin.nne,i%«iflre ex- 
^^Ihe i:oad, he will look down, with ^ed«^ti(Mis, • i H. >. . 

f^0a«ttre> npon the pleasing. litUe val- f* IW poM- the pe4nOI%h«t,SMi'le«ts tin' 
Jpy of f^tmvoei, watered by a crysfaji- he liads his little lot the lot ^jdl$ ; tnsO» 

ine hf anch ,91 the Cotlvy . ; This aeft qo OQntigooosiMtaoe icarift head, 
.vaUey i». imjpe^iateiy succeeded hy a- ^ shame.tbe meanness of lN>l|MmhieAcdi 
4lotber palled, Edwin\s Ford, a delight- ^ ci«ay .lojrdthe.uw>t«W»sbwi«iu«Me»l, 
Mspot, whew^ high ^circling hills are ^°»*'^« ^>« ^^ ^f Fe^euble pieal.- 
f;lothedvwith;>exten9ive plantationa to In this village are 2 houtea, at either of 
jtheir very<suiiHnUs. In the bottpnfi la which the .wAa^pi^ t^a^c^Aer jnay be 
j^ targe pLd manornbonse. l^elonging. to accommodated wi^ 'sy^QkiK^ieahiBents 
4^9i^^' Wifiifvnfii . beaiHified around as the place affords i Jhis amounts to lit- 

^ Tjfsith l^fideQ jnerenrie^i shephefdeaset, tte rilo>e' than* eggs^ l>r^a3, 'tiutter, 
^miisportsmw^ This plaoe remains, in chcofee nndiimilkv .i>De«f''4hctti is b- 
,^ Ce^kwine ityic of king Wiite»*a ihafcimaby |i*iiCloW,.ilieh«horbythe 
j^i^n, and with aAl it> abs^rdiilfetusa parish clet%rWtiiy-''b6ib ^ffieiate as 
more inteneating Ahan if patched tup guides. The thii^h 'i)i! at -miserable 
^jth modern .improvements,, or done JlMikiog^ places retcmbBii|f<ii( 'ancient 
npvin the packihg^cMe vno4e vKbteh joottaige more tfatoa^Qsejo.xThe saint 
t^yv fcevails^ hecauSB it exhibits, a «to. whdm it isdedicbtedivHw.a'aiook 
jipj^clmen of times that ate passed. I^ong /who irned in retiaeni^oii : kv ' the begin- 
J9^j(poue^of.tqeej5i6^tendfrgmthebonsei; mrigof the ISthoentnf^Ti ~ luslaiid says 
jOndi quittii^ tiii$: valley, another ia ptch ihoMi:(:his time Ae harrow pass tending 
^n^d, pleasingly detpratedwith wood, -t* ' the church was JcaUed ^'ani y^itfoit- 
andtheruin0f;'iM<^rcAWr<:^ : Aoheen- :ito4i»ihe..MQnkfs vatlef^ .nriie saiot is 
JM\ n>ad, J4ned>/iv}thi hedgerOtt^ftiatSfl «aiAtn>have drank daily jat:a well stiU 
J^qppices ieadftithrough a su&tessign ctf 4?ftlted»Bt.Peri*'a.well,an4^^ed for the 
swells aAd.hoilosv^a, 'atdforoed wiCh.nw- ^SttfeidfmanSjr df fe a i ei:.) .'« /Th^e arc some 
•j9efpu»< 'plantations, particularly thoae ie«berri6aiiiQ«fiW!cUfciiith«8»icint#y, de- 
e|f lord* fcoberfc Seymour CoHway, lb \Voltl}Qf all ankiecidUfa^ earthy ^nipreg- 

0&lao4ilQ.vawi^.lJ] ;. : • iMUODi^I^yauiomKe^n Arthur, i^yifi' 

-fj.**»dlf#clMtl«r'in«nlfiv.l9mil«s, hMkiA'i i^m Ffynnon l*tmhi',j\ ri No carnage 

.fl;.g$hjtae;j \) .;'.•; ■![.!■. . . ., J , Boadi/irhih Caeraiahraiix^^appfoaches 

2 n i rr fTTjegarosc 1 jlj i^iie^ j^inBd^aia. ...... ii^2siiT .to .'Llaidieris: c(haodtto bottom 

,j J ;.-- Strata FlQrids^ifiiffVi^. • iJ) i i)Pthe Isflwer Jake^*rhioh'Ssi not quite 



J^<^j>^>^iM>*'^>i>^><^%>-^>>^' 



halfthray V the toai^ Ibenee: ia sDChing 
fooreitlf an ahorse ^athj i >(rhose lyho do 



pi^^^ CiiqrnafTon hy^ ,«^f -^ Dolbsd^rp c^ not >chQose to waUc aniay ibh looDveyed 
,^;/$ea9»w3rv3iWfl<?*y-: ,'. . '. inboats,.td theitFatCffeilli<T»:]>oi.BA». 

T^ qapol Cii^ip, 8mne^,p;ennant; Ai^ij. j|^ C^stm, «» the'iiWe. Every 
Uitt ^^^^^^^V" ^^"^^^^ * P"^»» ,^"Wi |>art about thi« romaatk sfiot iaso ex- 
vn^uZ'Saidgelart,ii^rai<mlofc itrtW^ ' itrPiUfiJy interestingitfiathUip^^^ 
V. ;.. ,;. . :i ., ^>. . . ¥ifiU OaerBarvott ahnsrldjrprokingf their 

I.t^:(ji;pE)K.i[.$i, (^e.church pf St. Per- couft b^ ccMning faciei m ' ; The hnm^ 
risXoftej^ ,^?i^ ^a^<,\x^js, is asmcdl 4ialte.neighbounfaoodof' Uanberis iut* 
W xude i^Ulag^CL, surro^ijii^^ byrvai^ jMshea the; Fapaver.<castibricuray oa 
rockf, the d^udUcapped. summits of Jhioist rocks . Cecfalearia offieihalis, 
wjt^jch. are seldom visible, to Jthe inhab>- . Casttpanula hoderacea^tficnteilaria mi- 
Itants below. .^x$;q>( 2 houses,, one >nor;. Festuca ttibia, THchomanes tun- 
belonging to. the a^^^^ of the copper- i>ri<igense, Pteris3 c^ispa, <Pofypodinm 
<|nine ^a the other <^9 theag^nt o^ preopteris,Gentii^oca^npe9tri8,Salene 
the slate quarries, the yillag? consifttf Acavilis,Asplenmn>mgnim^A.mtamu- 
of a few of tjb^ most misecahieiooki^ TsaiA, Aisnaria laii^oUa^ Tiemetla 
cottages- which ;are CQ^t^nctf^y^ xtsmcosa, X« ^nttkut^ Polypodiam 



lonc^itU, Hierachim murorum^ Ga)iun^ a popper mine, the property of ^sheton 
boreMejFontinalissqtiarnosa, Cotyledon Smith es^., of Vae' nolj leased to 4 
umbilicus, Carexatirat^,^ in ttiotintamous companv of proprietors who reside i^ 
situations Afehati^ Verna, GlaucitiiTj Maifclesneld. Near the ^nddf the low- 
luteum, with Mtreci and Algae In pfrb- er lake formetly liv^d the celebt^ted 
fvision. In Ffyhnoirfirech, tsoetis lacns- Margaret uch Evan, who died in 
tris, Subularia a4n'itica, and Lbbelia ^tthe age of 105, she was the last spe^ 
dortthanna. In th6 vale, TroUiUs eu- Cirtien 6i the strength and spirit of 
ropaeus. In peat^bogs ih Cwhi Brwy- the ancient British fair. "This tex- 
nog, Scirpus Capspitosus. On Ciri^ y traordinary . female," says mr. Pen- 
Ddescil, a high fock hear, Aira fl|*xut)- f^ant, "Was the greatest hunter, shoot- 
sa. '^tJpmi'^he highest ttiountaitii about; er, and fisher 6f her time; sl^e kept i 
Poacaesia. JP^tuCa rubra, ^ j Ciainpk- doxen at least of dogs,, terriers, grey*- 
nula Totundif6h'a ; Lycopodlum s^lagr- hounds, and spaniels, all excellent m 
noides, L^ seligO, nioist places. In a their kinds. She killed more foxes iH 
tnoist dell at the foot Of ShoWdon^ Pbl^- one year than all the cpnfederaie htinti 
podium- th'ctypteris, ^ Between Ltanfeefi^i. do in ten ; rowed stoutly, and was quee^ 
is a^d Cwni "Jtlwel, §ediim reriekrej. of the lake j fiddled e^cellefitly, ihd 
In the vale of Llanberis, 'whi^h V& khewall the old brltishttiiisic'; didnOt 
straijght» and nearly of^an <^qual'brdadth rieglect the mecMantC arts, for she ^v^ 
throughout, are 2 Lakes olr pooik ' Th^ ^ good joiner : and at the age Of "TO, "wai 
upper poor is"^t>biit'a ihllb in jdiigUii th<^ best wrest^et* in the coiibtry, and 




«<M*>vr*T i.»>at. II. ^jcM iiiuiv. viisi ayy%^AiAH\^^ *i.4v«a , %j\»\. uv.ai.ii, iiiai. iiiigtit.j tiuiikvi^ 

of a wideTlver thWa lake. Th^se ar6 at last earthed this faithful compaiiion. 
separated* by ^isniall neck of land having Margaret was also .blacksmith, ^q^- 
only a commnnication by a stream maker, boat builder and maker of harps. 
"Which rUns between them.' In the lakes, She shod her Oivn hotses, mad^ het* 
grows Sparganiumnatans. Among the own shoes, and built her own bOa^s, 
bushes in the meadows in Cwm y Clo. while she was lipdcr contract to 'convey 
bottom of.th^ IpWer lake, Epilobium the copper ore down (h^ lakies}, Alj^e 
augiistifoliumi Id the river Seoinilie- lieighbourii)]^ bards paid their addtesSei 
tween the lower pool and Cwni y Clo. to Mar^a^et, ahd celebrated her exploits 
Xobelia dortmanna. tfpo;! Crib Coch, ^^^ purO btiti^h vferse. At Ifength stie 
above FfynnonFrCfch,POiyj(onlnmvivt gave hfer hand to the most eflfeniifiat^ 
parum. I'feis vale is truly pictui'esque, oif her admirer^ .as if predetermined tO 
bounded by the. base of'Sniowdoii, t^fn triMntain the ' sp^ierlof ity which nature 
cwm gatV, the^ 2 Glyders, aid the Llid^?. liad b6Stow6d On het.*' '*' ' * '^ 

About half ain^fe from tAe village, on On the ne. sidpotth6 yillage is a W¥- 
the eHge of fhe iiiBarer lakib. Is a copper if and almost perpenclicular iribuntalui 
mine, doniifetihg of seve|-al hOrisiOntal c^M^ed 'G/yil<?r-t)at^r, tlie grea;. Giyd(6jp. 
galleries' driven into SnOwdori. ;"Th6 *fhe ar^^crit \% ^(tt^p atvd titesotne. ttife 
metal isja ric/h' yellow ore, containing ^th all^s he way rocky, and mmanyplijcj. 
copper {ti union w.itti sulphur. tVhen ^s very ^VLt and slipptjry. OnJhelcftpf 
"here, nir. Kiti^ley yisii^d the mii;ie,'t>y tb6 as(^cnt, maybe Accn at sotnd ^i^ 
entfering fti' oAe' Of the'waggOni )ri tattce, two hfgh moiintains called Ijfy^- 
"whlch the witters bfifig the or6, in this 'etVatr, ^uA lJ}jd^r Ttfirt, tlie greater 
excursion it appears that he was noth a- ^od" lesser LlydtlrJ The guid?' will 
larmed and gratified. On a rocky ettii- point out, at 4 or 5'miks distance lo- 
nence between these sheets of water wards the n,, and beyond the deep KoU 
stand the remains of DoLftAuEiiN Cas- lows of Kjnt Frangon and dii'tn idwal, 
TLE, which consist of around tower, the loky mountains of Camcdd David 
and some shattered walls and offices, and Camcdd IJeuseiyn. 
upon the summit of the steep. 4 A^ 4CC6UNT of 

little to the s. of this castle is a tremen- 'in Excursion frdm Uanhms to the Suniinits of 
dous cataract, called Caunant maxcr, th6 the Mountains Glyder and Trwaen, 
waterfall of the great chasm, the height pv the aiv. w. bikclet. 

of which is upwards of 60 feet. Mr. Bingley arose early one morning 

At some distance beyond the castle, and at 7 set out f^oip the village, direct- 
and near the edge of the upper pool, it ing his rout up the mountains On tt)je ne; 



^87 LLANBERIS. ^8 

^icleoftti^evalebfLIaabens. From the iipytf, containing the pool X/yn BocA- 
|irqiVof,the4r8temmence>.immedlate- Iwyd. From this sitaation . the whole 
^,ahove the village, the church, with conic summit of Trivaen is in view. 
jilt's half dozen houses, and a few trees Mr. Bingley found t^ ascent a most 
and meadows, were, seen almost as up- arduous undertaking;, and asserts that 
QO a map^ Beyond tl^ese, and exactly no part of Snbwdon^ f;ommonly asccnd- 
^pppsite, extend a long range of ser- ed can be compared to k, for he could 
rated ro^iks. Frohi the eminence next scarcely for 3 quaijtersjof auihonr take 
abive, .l,he whole extent of the lakes half iai dozen steps together without at 
aire brought iiitp view.' In a fiat, al- the saioe time using his hands. At 
most surrounded by rocks, is a small length he contemplated from the Hiassy 
pool called Uyn y Cwm, the pool of the crag, the scene around, which w^as rude 
^ogs. This alpine lake is said to have as niountain horror cojiUd render it. He 
f^ontained a n^'onocular kind of trout^ stpQd upon a mere ^ point, on one side 
perch, and eels, each wanting the left of which was a precipice more deep 
!^ye. At present, the pool' appean en^ than an^ he; had before seen. The 
iirel'y destitute ot fish. ]?roceeding ^ summit is crowned by 2 .upright stones, 
howt ^ of a mile, alon^a flat swampy 12 or U feet'in heigiht, about a yard and 
pie^e of ground, an immense precipice a half asunder^ each somewhat more 
qf jibove 100 yards in perpendicular than a yard across. ^t the tobl Mr. Bin;- 
)ieight' forms one side of the hollow ley's compaiiion stepped irom the top 
which encloses the black waters of of one to the other and ieajped back »• 

3'^y^Iduiel, In this lakegrows Lobelia gain. A body thiis projected, without 
ortmanna; sparingly oii the rocks a* great ' management in ' it's counterac- 
boye, Saxifraga caespitosa, S. palmata: tion, would have sent. hiin a step far- 
*upo9 high rocks between Llanberis and ther than h^ intended to have gone, 
ijjyn Idwel, called ^ Crcigian Hysfa that is, down the precipicjC. Dc- 

3cpigam,j,Draba incana. This hollow, sccnding from the summit. of Trrvaen, 
S.y^rQ^de4 by dark andprominept rpcks and crossing a mountain. Vale, the side 

felled Ttewi Idwel; said to have been of Olyder bQch, the Jesscr Qlyder, may 
iejplace where Idwal, the soii of Owj- he enconntefed. . Thw rnountain, tho' 
^n^Gwyhedd, was murdered byaper|. considerably higher |t"^. Trivaen, is 
.^onto .whose care tjxe father had epj- neither .sosteep, nor so rocky upon it's 
t|[justfed him. Between Llanberj? '^xterior/ ."Vpoit it's summit are sevcr- 

f' ' '^ Cwm Idwel^bws Seduii} rupesr "al groups pt, columnar stpne^ some 
;,' ; " Descending, . ' along ihe ..tiroke^ stahdihg upright,. bth^s laid[ across, and 
/o^j^s on one sid^ cff tljTis precipice ^q*^ m. yarjious' directions; many of them 
•Ll^^. j^j.u ."-^ \.^A i.^,i_... ._ J .. __ -i.^ r^-„ . ^ .„ 20 feet long., and 19 or 

i'ei^Dant l^'(^ tbat many 

nt 1$ more.^adual, the tourj^ti^^ ^n tJt^.,neigpl)ourh^Qa^^^ fonnq sever- 
ruije's at the foot <^^'a most tremenoo^ al piecj5s of lava. ^, fSijp^ an account of 
5jysmin!thenx^ui>i;aWfC^edT^^ iar. Pepnant;? e»?ur^'6^"(rom Capel 

wijj J>la^9k' pl^ftl. A.sc^n^Qre subliiche^ "<Ju rio,' page,i06j /^ ; ^pttp his waj to 
tt>e pencil of ^SalVatpr^Ijll^sa, could nof !0e s^iminit^ of XjTyder. J^ftfoif, the great- 
[hayf traced .. ,. T&. 5ff f^fiqi} , from. Lly n y er dly der, mr Binglejr^ JcS^served se ver- 
jg^m j-oJU dQWii' tfi^i^eSp cleft from a at of. thesame lj;iniaf,inpUt^ niass- 
.y4st heigjit, bi^oken j^t^, [it; i descent by ^ es. oi ipck s^attered.lm 'different direc- 
WhdredjiterrHp^ing, rocks. Among tjp^** 9^ found thejtmcus triglumis 
jd;e; rocks at the.hpjj^i^^re many circu- in this ascent in a small spot» lying 
TiarhpJe^,pfdiffer^Ot,siz^sl. The welch between the eminence of .Bryn Bras 
people call, thes^ 'hollows the Z>evi/'* and the rivulet of Avon^ L^S:; in an- 
i^o^f,' and^ the place itself, the Devil's other'place CarduusheterophyUusand 
kitchen. Crossin|j the fpbt of a range 'Solidago cambrica, Near the summit, 
.of rocks on th0 e. side at Cwm (dweU ^axifraga nivalis ; aihong the rocks, S. 
the tourist comds, at fepgth* so close to pppositifolia; Hieracium alpinum, Pteris 
. iVcfn//«rangon, as to h^ve a view of near- crispa. Neaf the top, upon the side 
ly it's whole extent.,' Still proceedijMj^ which hangs over Llyn o^wen rocks, 
he attains the highesipai;^ of the rocks s^bout Tfynnon velen, Polypodium 
'surrounding Cwm tdw^I, on the verge rha?ticum. In F^nnpn fr'ech, grow- 
of another hollow, called Cwm Boch^ ing witli Subularia aquatics, Isoetes 



^89^ liLANBEldl' 29flf 

lac^usCris^ J t^Ppn Tri^fylcibaii rock*, berisj I 'instatitly entered Biolcfi g Gu^d-' 
Hiersicium afpmum. From thU situa- ^l, which is exactly the reverse:' A 
tiQo he i^ad'.i grand and unbounded ^Ich is a n^rrovy pass between (wo' 
prp^^ct. , The immense mountains of moun^ai^is. " I was struck with ahoo-' 
Ca^paryoiishire ; the whole of the isle ishmeht at this wonderful! spot. ' He 
<>f Anglesea^.and in the distance the isle who has iiot seen it R^iky imagine hinv 
of Man, resembling a faint cloud. *Af- self rising a keep mduntain, nearly ^' 
ter a. 14 jiQur's ramble he returiied to miles long, meeting a^ rapid stream in 
the vale, of Llanberis, by way of Llyn' the centre, but diminishing to nothing 
y Cwm. , JHesLT TuU Du, and about the as he rises, with an immense rock qa 
popl of Llyn y Cwm, he found the fbl- each hatidall the way.' From the frosts, 
lowing plants^ Melica caerula^ Festu- the sun, and the rains, which, for 
<:a rubra,F,^,cambrica,Plantagomariti- ages, have operated upon these elevat- 
ipa, Galium boreale. Lobelia dortman- ed mountains of rock, they have beett 
. na^ Parp'jijsi^ palujitris, Saxifraga, stel- shiveringtopieces, and fragments of all 
lariSy'.S. nivalis, S. oppositifolia, S. hyp- sizes have covered the valley, Whieh if 
noid.^fji.S.palmata, S. caespitosa^ Silene about 100 yards wide, so as to annoy 
^tc^ulis, .' Arenaria . vcrna^ A. var. 0, the traveller, and choke the river. AUi» 
juniperina, A. var,. 7, laricifolia, Sedum chaos., i^maz^ment and contemplation 
fupestre, Rii'bus saxatills, Vi. chamaemo- fill th<? mind. Many of the stones mar 
f us, Th,alictrum alpinum, T. minus, be traced to the spot whence they felL 
Subiilariaaqtiatica,' Praba incana, Coch- After triaveUing up this scene of wonder, 
learia officinalis, C. 7, 'groenlandica, this wreck or nature, sometimes up 
Hieracium alpinum, H. taraxaci, ]fi. syl- stone-stairs, sornetlmes through water, 
vaticum, Statice 'armeria, Anthericum yet alwavs "upon rpek, I arrived at the 
serotinum, Juncus triglumis, Rumex top,, called "The resting place,** 
digypus, Vaccinium, myrtillus, Chry- whence Iliad a prospect of the other 
sosplenium oppositifoHum, Gnaphali- side of tlie hill, called itc/eAyrHf*<tfrf<(/<u 
«m dioicurn, Carex divisa, C. flava, C. One of the ranges of mountains now 
atrata, C- pitolifera, Empetrum nigrum, opened to the right, which was Snow- 
Rhodiola rosea, Juhiperus communis don, and the other to the left toward* 
var. ^, Lycopodium selaginoides, L. se- Capel Curig. In front appeared a third 
lagO|L.^lpinum,'lsoetes Jacust'ris, Pter- range, forming a triangular area. T\ii* 
is cfisp^i Asplenium viride, Polypo- was. barren, solitary, yet dignified nal- 
;diumphegopteri?,P.rh*tictim,'Cyathea ture.'^^ot one habitation could be desr 
fragile, and SoUdago cambrica,'var. V, crie'dln alt this prospect; not a human 
upoi^ the mountains aboiitj' Juhiperus, being, no" shrub, or tree. Eve;i the 
upon rocks near'. ' \ birds appeared to avoid this secluded 

From Llanberis, to Capsl Curio is place, to seek their enemy, man. Ua- 
a curious,and romantic pass between 3 productive as this place appears, it is 
and 4 ^miles in length, and in som^ without doubt,^ thought I. the freehold 
j)Ia<;e^ jio't;.more than 50 or 60 yards of somebody, but I could tiot estimate 
Vide; eaiied Cwm Glas, 6r the Bluie the fee-simple at more than one shilling 
Vale. The rocks on each side are of a an acre. It is space without use, free- 
tremendous height, in some places hofd without profit. During two days 
nearly pS^pendicuIar, and. in others 6- did I wander 3!i miles among these des- 
. yerhang;ing their bases many yards, olate' "niountiains, yet only trod upon 2 
Abodt 3 miles from Lfanberis is a huge estates^, I viras incjvisitive fo learn the^ 
fragmentoftock, far larger than Bow- value of land in a desert. One farm a- 
dar stone, in Borrowdale, oncfe probab- .bout 300 acres, including a new erect- 
Jy loosiliied from the impending heights ed'inh, whidi codid nor cost less than 
above,' under which is a large cavity 1200/: is let at 3*. $d. ah acre. Anotb- 
where a ppor woman resided for many eir, ^00 dcr^S, at 60?. per annum. A 
"years during the summer'^season, to third, 600 acrei, 5^. p^f annum, which is 
tend her sjieep and milk h^r'toWs : tlie ' tWO-pence an acr^ ! And here I migbt 

place is 'callcd'f?' " " **i^. . ^- ( LL::/w■^u,^l:«,«.^.trt1nrHPp.n^hvn.who 

land. The. high^ 

Ithet^&pl^cl "r'Mr.'Hutton'd^^ bnlyTrepaition of what all the country 
tribes this pass as follow^. « Leaving; asserts, for every tongue which I teai4 
tte etichantmg soenety »otmd Lton- was loud in h>« iayour. Ha w>rJ» 
U 




891 LLANBERXS.. 892 

speak in the moftconvincioglaniuage. and ^teoilTe view su^d^ly opens. 
As the stutbom rock on the surface of '' Before vs,'* say< mr- AikiA, fthm 
tjie carj;h yielded no benefit to man, he. whose Tour" this part of tne rout fttjirl 
explored it's interior, where he found, Lfanberis to Caernarvon ii.tfztr^t^d, 
fuller's earth, colours, slate, &c. These " in the distante app^ws the isle of An- 
empioy workmen, and are exported for glesea; to the h. str^tch<Jd the finebaif 
general benefit. Thus public good is en-, of Beaumaris, with vessdls ataftthor 
grafted on private interest, In.oider, under PriesthoUne island, a ptojecting 
to improve a desolate region; lord Pen-, rock at the furthest point of the baf : 
jrhyn has recfcntly, taken a farhi of 3000 at the southern ejftremity of the island 
acres, into, his own haii^s. His next we saw the broad opening of the Menai 
atep will undoubtedly.be to drain it,, from the main sea, and thelio|fe eastle 
which will teach the farmers' wliat they of Caernarvon guarding' ttic entrance 
never knew, i. e. to improve tlielr own into the strait. The island iU^c^ is but 
lancis. This wiirjt)e adding real wealth flat, with some hills however nflfing in 
to a country} a benefit incalculable, the centre and at each extrenditi^ ; «rc 
tl b conquest without bloodshe<l, from also noticed a peculiarly striking chain 
iKrhich wiU be atchieved more sterling of mounuins to the > of Caentarvoo, 
honour than that of killing SO men.^* appearing to be. near Traetk Motor: we 
llaving descended Bwlch yr fisi'et^fa, recognized in them the saihe outliDCs 
Or the pass of the Irishmen, and bear- which had forcibly struck us whea trac- 
ing to the right, says mr. Button, I pas- ing the line of coast at AbdfystwitH, 
^ea by a grand cascade, or waterfall being in fact that el^val^d ridfje which 
iTomjyymion /^, a large pool in one occupies the ci^ntre df the projecting 
of the chasms of Snowdon. The fall part of Caernarvonshire. In the course 
seems about 300 feet high, the water, a of our descent where the rocks ended, 
Strong current, forming the river Glas- we arrived at a plain of cdnsiderable 
lyn, which brought me in view of the dimensions, so covered with large 
beautiful vale of Nhnt Gwynatit ; a rich rounded fragments of tock, as to re- 
spot, graced with woods and 2 large semble the plains whf re Jove is fabled 
pools. The whole Nant or vallpy con- to have 0Yerwbelm<^d the giants with a 
sisu of perhaps 2000 acres, sunrpuhded shower ot stones. To a mineralogist, 
with dreary mountains ; a diamond set pr vather geologist, this plain w^ tery 
qS with black shades. Interesting ; the rounded form of the 

The walk from Llanber'is td Caer- stones, which were of the slmelcind as 
N ARvo N is more pleasing than the naoun- those which compose the various rocks 
tain prospect$ the other way. From all of Snowdon, and ifs vicinity, nkturally 
the eminences appears an extensive suggests the Idea bt the agency of wa- 
view of Anglesea towards Beaumaris tcr; especially ^s the descent is towards 
and P'riestholnie, and to the left the iine the sea, and the plain itself not more 
ol(i castle of Caerrtarvon. In pursuing: than 4 ipr 5 miles distant, T^e f i?e a- 
thi« road to Caernarvon on the side of lone ofthe stbnes, forbids the sqpposi- 
the lake,. the copper-mine, before-men- tion of theiir having been carrie<^ to their 
tioned might be visited. The upper present situation by man, and they are 
and lower lakes are separated by a bold too far off from the mountain's, to have 
. f ocky piromontory, on which are seated j^oUed down into ihe plain where they 
the ruins of DoLBApiRN-CASTi.s, at it^s now lie. Further^ the soil of the plain 
. foot' flows the river, which, rising in ^s like other adliiviial schI, naihely, grav- 
theupperendofLlanberis vale, passes 9I, and sand,' or shingle. These ap- 
thrbugh the lakes, and , falls intp ^he pearances continued as we approached 
Menaiat Caernarvon.. t|pon the hills Caernarvon, except that tb/i masses of 
opposite the castle are considerable stone were smaller and less frequent, 
quarries of a moderately fine' purpfe and the sand and gravel more'pl'?ntiful. 
slate, which is ?ent to' Caernarvon, 'and From these hfis arise '^ah obvipus cdn- 
. thence exported. Tho* the iinmeditajte elusion^ whicn is^jtbat at the time when 
. banks of the lower lake be, quitted to i^e sea occupied the stony plain just 
continue along the road, yet the tr^vd-" mentioned, tKe coasi of Caeisar^oo- 
ler continues within sight of it fyf^or shire, and tlxp wh^le i^lan^ of ^nglc- 
3 miles further;: and rcachin|ihe sum- sea. except 1 or ihLlU,mt\i»^l)av^ wn 
mit of a hilf, whence theroa'd begins underwater. Thvs by' 



beguis underwater. Tljlv5 hyppthesu xyill be 
to descend towards the Menai, a^oble reduced to 'a certainty, as f^. a^ th^tsa- 



d93 LLANBrrHIAHr. IlLANDAFF. 9^ 

f^a& of tfi^i9i;biM will adiiijt, irtev<»> »' Gl«i[|©fg^Mhi«,r the/ an-fBp,i||€op«| 

i»V of tth« im^eiai pfQ^nct^Q^ tbecowt^ city, it at pret^t^ m appeaiance*.Anlf 

394 9C . Aogiimav ^ be c&carly.of mariM sui inconsiderable vtUage^teattcfed tipy 

prigi»i^ ftpdtt, oMy ftlfQ.,peHiapi^ihrflw 9n an. ej»sy emineocc. A cti\mh ii 

UgUt, pqt |))e.laniifttiof^.«f.Jb9M Wthr said to h^vs;^3l^iftied here frofp thfi-^iipr 

stances the origin of which is «tiU a s«br iptfodi^^ticin-^ cbrisfiiacuty in3»<^iatai»^ 

jeQtoivi^n^m^nf" Upmniottheqths a.j). l^fi; hut the place did nqt me ti9 

he%wo^i>^ .^laahefit. asd CaesoannoQ^; th^ jurndifitm of a bishopcick tillar 

gf oifFft ^h^ QlechWttin ipicant. . bout the j^gioiiing of the 6th peoitPf^v 

TteCaemaxToat Wmlfci^AlM** Wki^i^, ^'« fi^ bishopt wer^ pab«itiiw,;TeiJef 

. ^SaoirdanAfdK tower coiitiguow awo*- »ai Md Qdoceusi who were aUpanoy 

taim, EvtM^ nized. Myric,kiiigo£GLainQKgaa,^aad 

Over fiaovdofi to . BeddgplMrt^ 17 iiltc% the whole of theSilures, fouadedtbif 

PenDfBt. episcopal seat^aad endowed it with. aU 

To DoI|i«lera C««Ue>4 milci^ Pennant. ^ ^ Un^g between the: rivers Taff and 

^CapeiCui;ig,8mnes,Httt^n, . ^^. The apciem frbuT^h wa^ .libeff 

vr4^>vr^^^,4i^CMrs^^^^sr,^^4r)^<.tf^.«Psr> allf enflowe^ bun fttifeied creat, der 

8t MiMtt, 4 miter, MaHciB ; Mmr. P«vatU»aai the time o£ the coi^esi^ 

TT A«^T«»^r«^4^^ « ^. ^ . . When. It was deftjroyed. Tbepceseol 

LLANBITHIAN or St. Quintin'i qaibedral WM buiU by bishop Urban in 

Castie, near Cowbndge w Gfejnqrganr u>e year i 107. U*« sanation is awft»| 

shire, appears 16 have beeq a structure and monastic, in a bottom, surri^nded 

of considerable strength. It's leading by ^y^i^ gionnds. It's admeaffufc^ 

feature is a ponderous gateway, now ^ent, according, to Grose, U aes^fcct 

converted into a bjrn. This ca?tie is long from i. tj^ W- 1 from thft w. dooi 

said to have been built prior to the ar- tothechoif UQ,foet,frora the ei^rancn 

nvalofFitzharamon. It fell to the share into thecbpkto the altar 75 feet, and 

of sir Robert st. Qumtm, on the divisi- thenci to the Virgin Mary's chapel 6^ 

on of GlaiporgaD; but it passed from feet; the breadth of the body 65 feet, 

his descendants m Uie reign of Hen. 3, and the height from the ftw to thi) 

and IS now the property of lord Winds- centre of the roof U 9 <eet. There i« 

or. ^ The viUage occupies the foot „o cto#s isle to this cathedral, npr anj: , 

andsideof a steep hiU, with much wood „jiddle tower or steeple^ as there ai^.tp 

interspersed amgng the houses, which aU others in England and WaAes, ewp< 

causes it to be remarkably rural and BANooa and'Exetcf. The w. front.<?jf 

prcturesque: while sir mert Ufnch ^^ cathedral is an admirable: xoA^jf^ 

Blossfs little villa adds to it*s gaiety, normanandgothicarchiteicture Wted, 

It is with Llanbithian that mr. I^laU with a lofty iqiiare tower at the n.'w, 

^i°e «r^"»-P^*?° of the Scenery, &c. angle, of extraofdinary height prcrfuse, 

of S. Wales ends. Besides a fund of ly enriched with the bqst scujptqre qI 

information, vhich the compiler of this the age in which it was built. Th» ' 

pocket Itinerary has gained from that tower which occupied the con«sppod, 

excellent work. It contains arichacces- ing angle on Jthesw. is nearly delai^t 

sion of historic and biographic informa- dated. ThP wind<;>w of this fronf. is n| 

tipn, which ,eyery one curious in what fine lancet wor^, above vhieh is the 

relate? to this interesting part of pw i*- statue of Henry 1} and lOver this finejj 

land should possess., The greatest.iip- arched entrance, -^wHbef, s^itA tQ b« 

perfecuoy in this production is the want that of Dybricw The nofthje^n tow- 

of a good index of the places and perr er was bui^t by Jasper, <jre#t^ 4^k.eaf 

sons npt^ped.in jt. At th^ very time iSedford, a. n, 1485. Jn theint^W 

that thi? sheet is passing through the lue several monument* of the bishops j 

press, an 8j«ro. edition of mr. Malkin's under a window jsafuUlepgSh figure 

work IS anijounced, in 3 volume?, price in marble of lady Godiv4, the cclebrat- 

one guinea. ed patroness of the men of Coventry^ 

TuCoirl}rid^9«Uct,BsilMr. : which merits att^tion^ it reprcsenta 

.j'^^J^.^^^,^'^^^.^-^^^^^^^^^- ^ emaciated corpse in her wii^dinf 

• ** uiii. At Mi •, ^ -._. sheet; the appearance brought on by* 

''SiS^l^olrlS;!?"**"'**^'^' wasting sicki!«is is w<dl lelineat^; 

Baiber; Donovan j CteoS. ^^ ^^^ wncomroooly eie^MiC in **%• 

LtATO A!FF» sitnated ivithin a few batter, to the family of the Ma^hewi 

miles of the dstua^ of the Seven^ Th« prineipil mopuoH^nqi wepif den* 



ft95 

tiroyed, with the bishdf>'^ foAtftei ai^d 
hbuseftor the clergy » by^the ferocious 
chieftft'in, Owen Giyndwf; ' ' The 
ititMe of the Chdpter^hou&c; lotnewhat 
ketemMmg that of ^argam Abbey, in 
«titM<Mt6 particular obsefvarion. - Joh% 
ManhaSl, elected biihop in 14^^,: dee. 
<frat€fd the cathedral With a flew altar- 
f^eceof free sfone. The tasr atltenU 
tioAs took place about 1751, at a vast 
expense. • The w. end of the bmlding 
iervei for the chief entrance to a freci- 
to temple obti'uded whhiri the walls of 

' t solemn gothie cathedral. ' "« Oil the 
chancel falling to de«»y/' says mr. Bar- 
ber, "a great sum was expended in 
raising the present chtrrch upon the old 
stock ; bot surely su^h an -absence bf 
csste and common sense was Aever be- 
fbnS' instanced.' beneath the solemn 
iowers'has been ingrafted an italiin 
fantastic sunHner-house-eieyation, with 
31 Venetian window^ ionic |>ilast^rs, and 
flower-pot-jars upon the parapet. The 

' ^me sort of window is coupled with the 
Elegant line of the ornamented gothic, 
in other parts of the structttre; and, 
within^ a huge building upon the mod- 
el of a hcathenr temple, surrounds the 
altar J Which, with 2 thrones, darken 
and fill up nearly half ^f the chtirch." 
The diocese is' governed' by a 'bishop, 
who is also dean j theaipchdea^on, who 

. ftsirb-dedn, 12 prebendaries', and^vic- 
ars'-ChdraK The ehbrarservi<5e~ hisi 
however, been some years di^ohtthtii. 
€t!, and the revenue applied to other 
phrpbses. Near * the • ckthedrai 

8tb6'd the Bishop's Palace; th^ gate- 
house <rf which, arid i mined tower, 
where formerly hung- the great bfeU 
calledTeter, now atEket^r, are the sole 
remains of these adjunct* 'ivhich; with 
the outer walls of the cathedral, form' 
•SLtt enclosure tx) a' garden. - - The 
Castle wa» demolished by Owen Gl^n* 
^Wrj-in the rergn 6f Henry'4. 
• "Near Llandafif, tb thfe ttf. is the rural 
and retited Village -of St. Fagaus ; 
which has a tastle, built in-a ntuch 
inore modern style ttiari i!h6se of Gla- 
irhbrgtiosliire in genei-al. '" 
- *• Mr. Dondyan returned to Caerdi^f 
fiion^ the direct foot tra^k, v^^ho says^ 
»' in the i'etrospect the city of Llandaflf, 
with the aspiring fbwer of the cathe- 
dral, and- the' 'mtansion of mr.Prkein 
front, 'form- one- striking grolipi of 6b'- 
jctkft !' another; also, appears bdbre,-ttic 
^owh oT Caer<fiff, wltli it^s gigaiitrc Ca?- 
-flcv' afiS-'thcairt fane ^bl 61 John's 



•i;LA«DAIT,' .' -- .^ 5K16 

ateeplef. ^Bot what I i t m ifeA mott," 
<«etttin«es tie, '^ was tbe iOieeffful face 
of chetouiiury; at «^ prptsttSed^ 9. dia- 
trier ' rieh ia cultivation and paftnrage, 
and pretclif diversBled whh a acanty 
«^kUrig nf Woodi." 

Pafsuii(ga» excellent toad, ^woogh 
a weik«tttiiVated ebantty , • mr% Skrine 
soon cam^ in stf^hltof LLAKiraiiSKirr; 
it '^ wfai<c hiwIdmgsaippeaDng in idticn 
ttpQ» the aide and tosiimit'of- a cleft in 
one of the hills which boufid 'the vale 
ofOlamorgan.' The iti^eeca, of coarse, 
are steep and narrow ; but if a land- 
scape couid(' supercede the sense of oth- 
er inconveniences, this place 'wbuld be 
one^of^^the^most-denrabie^iii Wales. 
Descea4imK;intoi|]ie yalp p| C^kaiacrganf 
he «ooa arrived at Cowaa-iDGX^ 

The road to" (^ow bridge^ after dip- 
ping and rising .across the unequal sur- 
face tif'the country' ascends betvrccn 4 
and 5 miles fr6m Caerdiff^ over a pro- 
digious lofty hill, which Cotnmands an 
admicably line prospect over the wilds 
of Glamorganshire, and the Caerphilly 
hills,, to the N. At about the 4th mile 
bccur» the village of St. Nichulcu, where 
there is an inn, but the accommodations 
are iudiffcrent. Near the 7th mile- 
stone, to the E. in a field; close to a puol 
of water, stands a massive stone, deem- 
ed an object of druidic curiosity. Two 
miles beyond is the neat village of Bon- 
viiston: Mr. Donovan thought it die 
prettiest vlllige in the southern princi- 
pality of Wales, notwithstanding mr. 
"Malkin's different' opinion. See page 
1'5^9. Within a mile or ^ of Cpwbrtdge 
the ro2id slopes gradually over the easy 
brow of a prodigiously extensive and 
very lofty' hitl, whenc^. the. admiring 
traveller breaks unexpectedly upon 
Some charming scenery. The great 
military road, passing through' the cbun- 
ty, may be seenfrbm thts elevation, but 
"in fine weatheir, stiU' better from the 
eminences wilhii^ a mile br 2 w. of 
Cowbrld^e. . 

" On the way to Pont y PRinn, the 
river is crossed at a 'tin-p£ate liianufac- 
tdry at' M^lyh Grhfyt%, and fb^owmg 
the course of theTfa/, which risuigat 
the foot of Tre* Beddw mountains in 
Brecknocksfaite disembogdea- it's wa- 
tar&at Reua^ik /bint ItXbre94tk and 
dejpth ii) this vale is very ^qeguf^. On 
the lirow of a perpeodi^.ufajr rojck.stands 
the ruins of ^n early bntish post, called 
tdsM'Vocff. ' While be^iied With a 
ptfeit Variety of seenbfy, ydti sdddenly 



^m LLANDDINIOliEMi ULANDEGAI. 298 

arf iv^;|tr7«ne y pt«M» >itehcre tho: i^d a»d omlraJiacat/letaireo^tt |ui «oiiil> r ., 

fiFonvXl»iitii«sent>to.€aeif4ril}jr crosses she can>eiw%vfwii^;tli« pilpim, te^n to»l»ed, , 

thftTaft . uThecomTOWikatana.in.Lci. mwiera v9w,prttifle withab^ .• 

land'a-feLnewfls bira woodenibridse . . ^^^ ''**^ * wdpq^ (jliji her thoughts emplof , 

S^p^ «,V«e.wa» ojra W«wenfOTiag»... ^^ j.^.^. within tlK neighbourhood of joy, .., ^ 

-••8a6*'tb'€aeT(fiiff, Bbnovatj; iiarib^r. '" ' T^efledtingniucW upon the mighty shade, 

: 'Tcrt»*4mag«,- 10 miles, Wyndfiant; Sfcrirte-j WsfefiiHey, and hiMfllseries, shifted J ' '*; 

.'Donovan. • fi. :, • . . • «H6<vpobrthelotofthe6nc^hdiw)ur»dde*ldl 

M'^^PfWt.y.piidd,V)milcs,.fcTa*ft* • perhtt|Sith«idrt(l'U WilM«s»ttatii*<read* • 

' , ii-.n.: . /» 1 ^1ietoaai^d,ainbiiiou«,|K>Utic;<l«ri;tlkt,. / .. 

^T^r^rTr; ^^'^'^:^"^.^1^"'^^.':r'^ "^ «t«c^an and iprffate, this, ala«;t Jhy ifet^. ' ' 

. ffromTCa«n»riroD» 5 miles» Biagtey. . r Coij^in©* thy;l»wgjn yi<jld hepip^tocniom, ..^. 

.' .. I -,i .. coMlf|.not^yXork.BUpplythecMrith*ti:»inJt>f , 

tXANDDTNIOLENJ^ j( Small viL- w^|t^rtJii8,d>y lofty genius soar?*^ . ;^) 

lag^i in Caernarvonshire, on th^ right care^*d bvnjonarchs and by ciQwks adoVM^C^ , 

of Ae 'road from Caerh^rN^on to Banjgor. For this, th'jr haijdo'er rivals could |)revaii, "' ; 

AbbuVhalf a mile SK of this village, raspftfg by turtisthe crosier and the seal? + ; ; 

npoHsi cotislderable eminence, ire the ^*^ ^^'^ ^^ liaud'Smeridian pdwt-to firc/wti^ 

reffiaiiW of an ancient enckmpment, «« ^J^f^^rta^^ 

^^^^Iftt^r^^ Alar^area S^^r^Si^iil^^ 

^Pt^r^^S^^a^^.^^eii surrdunded by ^ do^y, 19,^^14 1% coi».,tryii4«n»a«irw - 

trouble: ChlCh and ramparts. , ^, what h^r^ iiyg ^yfimhll^igagf tn i^,yi4Up^ypy? : 

'Oh'th^rOad to Capel 'Ctiifd th(^ \)iyla^(^dngf){iv?d^t\\ji^^abL^$,\ii^^ 

fisiteiiiiT^e ^ klate ' ijuarries belonging ' to vrhf fis thy life protracted lo be Cw»^.. ' ^ , 

Eord' Pttrfftyii are passed, '.and tKe to- Aykingfih ckinsi tliysclf liylawlefflmj'gtf „!i 

■riiantiC v^I^ bf Kant Fran'oonI * ' «ri^'tf bf all p6wer, ahd^xil^fromtWr i^iht 

o • ,. > .' ' " ...■.;:/::": .T.i rAwM^teeVeticntbteheix) st^oB,' ^'^^ [fJoijdj 

•|..TQN«ptFrangQii,Bioglef. ,.i :{ j^..., f ana«IDaiiiiV>»iiHquiv'Kng«Wb«^e'4^fcWo(A 

riVi;!^^^^^^ ' ■"' '' ' ■ "^ ' • «t4eng<hyo*eiHnatcMiriyiB|ufi€«4lfl%"nwei^7''^ 

•^;r->^Jpv-^*>^v-.^j^ ^olerfroBbtthcwrld^ & tonghthis tOiMif&mcJ* 

,.. . Vi * ' '• : f.a * 1 >..:.: o - Caii?hrijkfbrhunwi<h|iwim»tiier'jeeidi»fill»s 

"From Aber, 4 mites, Bihgley. , , ';. ' .. > ghg wept bi8.do\jm>faU ficpm ^ thoUs^Od hm* * 

;-i — Pbrt^fenrhyn,"li6*ifc,' Pennant. , tendeVe.mbrac'd her prelate tho'UBtiojHi,;. ^,,,. 

T T A xrTM7r> AT /ful lu,.^u ''^c-T^ \ "stretcVd out the mother rocjss to hide ber sons 

LLA^SGAI (the cbuoch^f Tcgai) 3^^^^,^ ^^^^ ^^. ,3,h vale for hi? i^^sf,; 

IS a village^ beautilnUy Situated on the j^j ^^en he tlitd, received himin herbreast. ' 

turbwlem httle nv.er Og^.tn, in. which €«yied 'Ambition ! what are all tJjy's^jhemes, , 

U a ixe?(t churcl^, built in thQ .form of a -but wiilfin^ misery, or pleasing dreams, 

cross, havfing the toyret in Ch6 centre, slidbg and tottering on the heights of state : 

the -style completely 'gotbiCi, marking the tmbttct of ibis verse declares thy &te. 

, the age lOf Edward 3. . -Prom;tbis place ©t*** a^he wai.you tmx hqw amaiLthb gain» 

the Ijtue of the mountains appear with a aburiaisoob»?ure,aMps«80Hi«»ft. '. ,., .. 
curVja}<Mf^} ^Qd slopine-totbei shore, in <;;. , .■■ ^ -^ jf '«'' "■ 

the mjld^r features of fertility, termi^ ■ • ^° ^^^ "Sht 0/ tb^ road from. B^^qc 

nat^abruptlyinthe.promontdnr<?fLi.AN 1° Conwy nqt far from he .latter, !• 

DuDi^o. r/ ThefamilyofGr^ffyddre- Penbhyk Castle. . jiThemwlMr 

moved thememorial9.of their Ancestors ^^ ^"^ novel neatness of .Uandegai. 

from the monastery in thtf neighbour- pon^^astpd with the neigbbpurmg jajf- 

hood-of Beaumaris.to tbife church. Dr. *?>'^*' is .astonishmg,; re^ovat^a. P^ft- 

AViUiams, archbishop., of .York, who rhyn thepUqtations, improved road«^ 

lived iu the re«n of Cbarles t, and died "^.^ farm4iouses and cottages^ and, the 

■Marcl»,2^, 1 649, was interred here. A animation which pervade*, it from the 

inural.monument representai him in an Po« and.th^ quarry, produce a.tout.en. 

episcopal dress ku^liog at an altar, semble, which seems inchantipegt, the 

The following elfigant lines were writ. c^^^aV°n ?? ^ H y?^*J .?"\?^ """^ 

tenby ^^Davii^on visiting this mon- pub he spirited individual." Note to 

ument. . ** B^aumans Bay, a poeof^," p. 37. 

' * ' ; . In the way to Nai^t Frangop apnoni^ 

In that remote and soUtary place, * the gravel by the ,&ide of the 2di riyulet» , 

. ^hteh flte seas wdsb, and ctrcHng hills embrace, grows the Galium boreak ; ■ neajr th^ 

.^.thoitfloii*wrfls«mid'the£ovesans^^ road Papavcr cambricum.. . . ,. > 
rtl.thfttecmainsofthceifam'd WW/ffw/.les. tj,^ c^o^« rS»o.r„ ..f r i^,,^,/*^; o«j 

Thither .sequest«redshade.«eaUotf8 nook, T^^ Slate; Quarry pi Ll^ivicg^, ?nd 

the wandering Muse her pf»sive journey took , ^Jff nwr^ -made hfd kteptr tf tik'grtaf senh 

taubus to trace the stff^e^mapiioiiMliomf, Juiy^i'im. - • • i^ •• •' *-'- 



899 tLLAHDBSAT. SOQ 

(he summnding noiiiiaiiit rank highly Beceaiary, n^ikae mna iM%i tfiis dis- 
among the wonden of the Britiih Alpi. tfict, to bnng your owtt h6««tft^, the 
The road « by Llandegai church, on the inhahitwn having little besides oat- 
left from Aber. The traveller here torni bnad ahd arilk, to WHAtAi tfi*^ will 
towards the mountains : the road U good, readily welcome you. '* Thw ^eml pa- 
and very pKturesque scenery coDUnual«- viUon is the £4ea of the inwnimums j 
ly opens. At a spot near the ihi newly the planutions which screen it, aad the 
built cottage, opposite a amII, with the flowers whdch adorn it, aiestsr^ising 
mer.OgwMm beneath» ontookiftg noitlv- and exemplary proofs of the power of 
ward,ane!Xiennve view «f the Angle* cultivation, however forbidding the 
sea «oft9t, and of a diversified valley of face of Nnture f 'st is an ncfe of Tempe, 
no unfertile appearance, is presented, among the rocks of Norw«gr!"< — K, 
On the teift is ftenihyn-hotiBe. On the Libya. ' , ' The summit of the slate 
right hand the mounulns thickening, moiintainistermedy f^roa, anameasu- 
form a cnrve or bent line, P^mmaxm ally given to any prominence which 
MAvr;i^,nakingiheexUremebase. The does not rise abruptly, and ^^alfies 
Ogwen is a n^Md rivei, rugged with breast or pap. The ascent to the apex 
bUQk tockt, twnhled into itfrom^he In the last stagie is steep and rugigisd: 
adjacent dechivtlacs : in dry seosoMS, k to jsain the first swell of this ^rp^ of the 
is ohaiiow and tfofdable in ittaiiy placet, tabuntain is no di&cult ta^ and the 
but-duriftigliesvy tmns, it pours forth an pcosp»9ct thence is fharmin^ and exten- 
tmmense <)tiahmy of wateir. As yoii sive. iTbe distance to tlxe^gkeftjpcupt 
proceed in the direction df the road» the .Wy ^ 5^ xn^les from th^ 9uai^, tho* 
couittry appears more barren and sav« the perpendicular height cannpc meas- 
f^t. Kear a bridgeof one arch thrown ure moire than 6 or 'TOO yards. On the 
^erllip Qgwen, arethe.iematBSfiif a highest point is a vircetlar fieap of 
copp«riiiiioe> which never ^nrned to ai»- stones, which probabl]^ are the remains 
7 aiQCDiMK. A iittle way on the other of a watch-tower, or beacon. The ride 
side of the Ogw>en» is a seat of the an- along this bottom, as far as l/jf^ Qgmen 
cieiit fMkiity o^ O&etm&re, stauiMrh ro- is very solitary, awful, and xi^^aiicent; 
maniit^ at the time of the reformation, the mountains on either side rise rather 
Here the woods skirt pleasingly t6 the ^rupf ly to an astonishing tiAtltuile, and 
edge of the river, vtfhich at this place is the side face of them in many places ii 
joined by another, called, from it's im^ mgged^ bold, tantd tierrific. t^^ Kavt 
petuosLty^ .^vosGoc^g, viz., the mare riv«> Franoon.] Camedd u'&Mi, soA 

er.> U runs with great precipitation Cwm^dd Ueneh/n^ 9 lofty inottotaiBs 
from (he summit of a high mountain, which attract observation on tlife outset 
and if)> times of much rain the rapidity of the journey to the ^nany, are here, 
is prodigious*, the whole being an en- at the entrance into this vast cavitf, in- 
tire sheet of white foam, and becojpes 4eroeptod by an esteoded nionntatik 
VisiUe to the naked eye, at the distance called yr Aia, praibably fhom tlie latin of 
t>f J5 miles. The slate quarry ig awing; the <s. esriremity of -whicfa is 

boated at the entrance of the ^reat the Bepglog or Golgotha, a bare, stu- 
4ihasfn -called Nant FftANcoN, on the pendous, hanging hiU over the Pool of 
•sloping of a eonic mountain, and near Ogwen. This end of the chasm is 
it's base. The number of workmen stcewed with large and shattered rocks, 
employed in the slate business is said to which from time to time have been 
he about SOO ; and lord Penrhyn, who hurried down the declivity after frosts, 
4s Xht pnblit: spirited proprietor, has which spUt the mountains in every di- 
eaus^ to-be built a number of neat slated rection of the crevices where the water 
cottages, for the accommodation of the stands and freezes. On the s. of Og- 
labourers, in the valley, and along the wen Pool, famous for it's trout, stands 
• «tides of the Ogwen. For bis k>rd$hip*s Tryjfai, i. e. a triangle, a conic nioun- 
occasional visHs to this romantic spot, tain of rugged aspect, and apparently 
a snug summer box, in the eastern style isolated, but joining it's base to th« tow- 
of architecture is erected among the ering ridges of the Glyder, the most a- 
vocks. Parties of pleasure, who come stonishing group of all the moontains. 
to see the quarty and the mountains, On the summit of the Gifdtr, or more 
And in .this place a pleasant sequester- properly Clydder, signifymg apile, is an 
fid retreat^ where they may recruit enormous accumulation of stone plUsO?, 
themselves with refreshments, bu^ it is supposed hif 4^ editors of Cattvd^'s 



BrltanMft Mohave )»feen a driiidic tem- &n4 Cmkidti p iJk^mn.^ 9iimd'-^^t 

pl^V%erttrt!h;6MCdttsiflef theni as^eP G/ldgupyn y Heliwr, and ascef)4i8d''the. 

et<^ (jf fihc mouWAki, ettfefcr «plk >y steep aii4 Bfloufy si^i of Carnedd Llewel^' 

fr6^-6^'lbdsened ty the cqiitUmfii' as- ya ; reached it's siimmit and focrail tlie ' 

sildits df fkiUlind tempests. Tfifca^ view amazingly grancl. At tom^'dis^ 

peiH-6P ttites^'ittipendo«8' Iriregufafitie*' tatice ar^y/j^^de&a, and it's jieigttb<Hir- 

inspl^i^'^teiTdr; not is thdtnii^d -readily Mng atps. Th& 6i(yrftf7v^ 7Hba«»», sbd' 

i^cidn^fed t6 <he' sijght-. ^* stranger CarntAd f Wia^; appeir immediately* 

^^i io'^Stitviit. his eyes aiid ceasie^^o- betieath. ^an-t Franoon, or as con*' 

<Jepehd ' oh his : feet. At fhe' it^t of jecture- says; Kant yr Afanc, the dale of 

Cty dHeHs a jiboi haitied Ufk Jdwd^ sin^-' beavers, is. a tremendous v^, or rather 

ruUnrded' b^r'a nrtfble annrplitthea^re'*of cfaasm^ the mountains towards the up«' 

moiiritains.-^-fPVom a sketch- dftfw? his- pet part of it approach so near one to 

toty; ' fcft. of -CiefnaiirtHishke.] ' • ttie other, that they strongly attract^'the^ 

' Ffbm UtztlS^pA, mf. I^ennint' nwide' clouds, Which, dissipating arbund the* 

AN ^]^truRsion 'j^ich 'terjibihated at summits, frequently deluge, with «or- 

Ab^:- ^^to^shig' th^ woddet^ hMze rents of raim, the plains below ; imd so' 

o'^tH^ furtbus torrent OgWl^ti,'^Wh$ch^ ^rtain a {itognostic of approac&in^^wdC 

^ littilt 'i<!)f^^,, dischaj^es ' itsMf > hito' thf weatherfsay i mri'^ichard Lloyd; ift y^&9 

sea )at^'iMi.ef','hte' "quitted the great roa* fei Naift Frsingoe deemed in An^es^a, 

to vmi Virrkidd Uewelykm&^tWitedd that the inlanders humouirm^-ciyi^t 

jpaj^d^''-^ Upon the; suttima«iff «iii *^ the deriPs kitchen.*" Thfe M^ii/ 

in'6i|fftt6fi^Tivjilof Snowdon,, there l3f6- Ahgles^i^, and the river 'Gbnwyidt6^ 

iiTjg^^ btify' Ifi'yards'difiW^ie ih^their al- iti iii\% pass diAitict and fine pr06pe«itl»: 

titude;it ll^'sbpposed thal.LK^^yh itp The hdine VieWi e^e^istof dre^ boti 

tqx^'€^'^2ts! &iczMp^ tdfUi or Undoty hiWS, whh hot*«J;ei»i^ 

t>,erat^ crisis •''<vh^n kmg ' Ji^b', t^Hitlh'*' iny oofKeqtHjafee;'' except jWjfte-^^ 

^eat ^rmyi'i;^as'iti the plafniliy^bW;; ^Aainl.' - C^«tt/^'7>a^e{ ist^enhi^evedl 

an<f 'Batj^ !bbi;itog, atjifl Wieft^ hf} to Carii^dd l.tei)WftiVft, by a «eBhibndtp 

stiit'^hts'jffiiicesi'^Ooan) to ^ttrfather, isthmus, which bnthe side ovfer CiwHi 

^o^nafcepi^aiie,-'^**; Lloyd. -' ^[«Ai Pcn//a/ar, i« called Vigo/Ziert rfao^, fc*rrfC 

thi^ tWi^i '^ « 1'^ Che king 06hn^ p^s^^ teg • the most- hotrld precipice - ' that 

3ng jrfifc! iftVetX2bilwy, encam'petl' thetif thought cari «ondeive. Bescehdei 

by' the riVer siA^i and sent part of hii through Omni Penllafm, Called at 6^2^ 

S(rmyi '^fifh guWes of the cbiitttrjr- W ''w^; »»* Cberf^TJiowr, seated m the midst 

burn iS^hgof; v^hlch' they '^d^'tjtta'ni^ *^^ lofty" trfees-, every "now and then ali. 

^6/p«ff ihfe' biifhop jSrisoner^-wftto ^a» lovi^ng a glittlpser-w^he mouhtains and 

'jiftetwiird*^9icifis^©d 'for 400 havHces^; rocks, soaring aboVii, This house t» 



l\\^ ' the- pirince,' seeiihg a'il ptrgbtTc! the property o^ the Pughs of Penrhyn. 
slti^ Wales agaittst him, thojiigfttitbcst in Creuddynj in which is aremarka^. 




^ho, ^eih^ d discreet -woman, fdunjfl ^«et 10 inches m height. 

the 'means.**^Powell, 265:] In hi? " To Bangor, 2 miles, kbgley. . ' 

way Visitlediin artiffcial care, near' a • — Aber, 4 toiles, Pentiant. ' ' « 

iield called Cat GWllim ddii, iii which — Nant FraiigoD, Pennant. 

thd^iou says \Va(8 interred ff«7?Ki/^(f<. ^^'^^'^^^^^^^'^,^1 

ISreos. t^ee page 2.] Hence began -^"^"^ "^ TT.^rT. -^^ T^-fT^i^r 

a steep ascent ; 'on the left the* vast From Uanbeder, 19 mile*. Barber. • .*• 

mountain i^oe/teynntbn, and the strange — ' J*®"* a^ Dulas, 5 miles, MalkHi:- • * '* 

setrated rocks B^e MawrzndSere Back, Caermarthen-, 15 miles, Malkiu^} SkftuL 

The Gem appeared on the right, and — Neath, through LlandeWe, 22 miie^, 
'rne*g»( in front. On the right, farther WyndRam. 

on, projected into the bottom, thelof- LLANDILOVAWR,isapTettymar^ 
ty ptzk.ed Moel ifr EHan, seeming like ket town of Caermarthenshire, seated 
'a buttress to Carnedd Llewelyn j and on a descent to the justly f^med Vale. 
between it and Carnedd Dafydd, lies qfToteey, Tho* the town has nothing iu 
the little fertile vale of €wm Penltafar. itself to recommend it, it's environs In 
Proceeded upon the sloping sides of 'every direction are exquisitely beauti- 
'the Truftgwi, and near Carnedd y FHitut ful. Jn 121 3, Rhys Fychan, being ap- 



:k)3 htAxnyiho vawr« 304 

pr«benfei«e chat Faull^, lord oC Caerdi^ marking the luxuriance .d^ t)te .soil. 

pkii, woul44ispos8e$s him of this town, The.transludd Towcy ber^ wai^ons in 

ca\M0d >t to be burnt to the gsoond, and perpetual variety amooi^fay mcjMlows 

ttiai had recourse to the .woods and and embowering pUntatiooSy tUl it dts- 

dJesert places in it's y icioity. appeart behmd projecting gcoyGa. The 

. Accordifsg to the history of Wales rich yfpo4 which lurrouods tifit castel* 

iQr QzfaAoc of Uancarvao, the iast de- lat^ hiU clothes a precipitate^cleacent 
oisive battle, between, the armies of- to the wate«'« .<3dge, and with the syl- 

Edward 7, and thoye qf Llewellyn, vaadecoratAOOsoTNewtOB^park* forms 

prince of Wales, was fought ne*r Llan- the Aeoimost boundary, of . the vale. 

<^lo-Vawr in which U>e .^ipg,*! forget Oa ^he opposite side, a. bu^ wild 
gained a complete victory ( .In consc^ mountain riears. it's deisoUte- be^d to 

quenceqfwbich this v>A^rtWiate prince, the dpuds^: pcn^ath ia<aiflWc« Grmcy 

•oon after, near BuaUt« lo|t both his from this place appearing- in /iimsnfih' 

power ^d his life. This .victory put a cd.. beauty »: The mansioa wm& lately 

ipal period to wetch independency: in ii^hcritj^d .by mr, Vaughao„ who is said 

the year 12S^s since which tilpe the 4ohave been the greatest Uadliolder in 
principality, has ^en Aubjoct to the. Ca^m^rthepshire. He left'».ccMa«idet- 

fttQwn .of £nglapd.-rWyndham, abje^pt^ftii^a of his esute ta lord Caw- 

/When at Llandilo,jitf. Skripe made 4or», : ; ^ieveral smaHcr .cqbU and 

iqi excursion to theco^nf^.V: Glenhmr^ whijtesed b^ets appear in- the Wley, 

whence a difficult rpadjc^nyfByed him glis^e^^ing ^through their, appendant 

lo. the. b«h insulated . joc^, .which sgpt grovef,, i j . i : ^ ^H?, .westward, 

portir the ruio^ of Castle Carreg-cenfiin. Qw9fgqrrhilir tmmortaUli^d by'^he Muse 

Mr. MalkiCL recommoAdsthit.p^e in of Pyery^t) now the pp>^!fp^io( one 

preference to C^erm^rthen .9^ « resi^ cif his descendants, adva|icei>9nihe vale 

dencefrom whici^ to makie excursions ^.j^rtJ^ t^rns it's cpur^., . , . At 

»bou.t the country. . But, says sir Hich- s'9ii[)e;cdi'stance further, s^. rugged bill, 

9rd Hoare, «" it is rather singular, ;ind faring the mouldering fr^i^menu of 

jinfortupate for the traveler* .that; the pnulwy^n Ccutie, proudly |>^^iidf<$s the 
worst inn in S, Wales sliould be situati^ plain and terminates the pictures 

edjn that very part, of it, where naturq ^^dittpnAaU is situated tquthward of 

i]|as been the niost proline ip her beau-r t^e vaUey, towards CaermarthcgE^ but 

ties, in the midst ot wealth aiid popular corrupQa,nds none of it> beauties. This 

tion, a^d in the immediate neighbour* mansion w^s built a fe^ X^^ aince by 

hood, pf Ncwtqn-park, and.,Goldcr(, mr. Paxton, formerly a banker aii Ben- 

grov<^. I here aUvde to the iotn at gal, and is said to be oni^ of the, inost 

Xrlaqdilo. — Giraldi^^, ji^ 40;>. , splendid specimens pf modern arcbi- 

Newion Fork, the djciightful seat of ^cture in Wales; but bciiif badly utu* 

Jord Dinevawr affords the, most exten- ated, it Js ^ready neglected.' The 

five and piciuresqiMe views of this .vale, jp^ient of the apparent retnalns.of Du 

The keeper's atiundance is necessary nevawr castle lead one to 'Considcr.it as 

through waving,, lavyi^s and woody a place of small importarice; but the 

gnoUs to a bold hill where **cmbosomr vestigei of a wall and ditch at some 

ed high in tufted trees," appears the distance from the conspicuous nun may 

picturesque remains of 73i/jt?i;aaj/- Tosif/tf. .be, traced, which infiicate ft to have ' 

A winding path, cut through the leafy been of considerablje dimpnsioii. It 

honours of this hill, conducts the tour- was built by Rhys ap TJieodor/e, in the 

Uv beneath their dark umftrage to the time of Wilfia^i the conqueror. It*s 

top. Climbing a massy fragment of original i^orm was. .circular, fortified 

the ruin, and reaching a falling apart- with a double moat and rampart. The 

.ment called the ladies' dressing-room, a most prominent parts are, the apart- 

prospect teeming with the most fasci« ment already mentioned, a massive 

Dating natural charms, may be exam- round tower, the ancient keep, and a 

ined from a gothic window overhung subterraneous passage. Giraldos saw 

with ivy. It is a galaxy of picturesque a castle here : but that was destroyed 

beauty, at which remembrance be- in the year 1 194, about 6 years after he 

comes entranced, while description made his Itinerary j it was, however, 

faulters. Immediately beneath, the ex- soon rebuilt, and became the royal seat 

jsansive vale of Towey appears in (pU of the Princes of S. Wales.; but fre- 

diaplayi a hue of the richest groen qoently changed it's roasters, until it 



fell to.thercB?*!^ f^j^zl^^^' ivMfmf' ^y^}f a*P^ W^J^afff ^1 ?!*'* *«^h9* 
cestpr t;ct tji^. p^^ii^Vpropri/Bfel^v i;,4i ^?Kis.a.pieasUg.s|iqt'c^ 



con^bustible "parx^pf ,it-Va&"4eat59y^ l^y, U^'^rp ls|^ tplera)?][e ipji. ^- Jhe r^^ gg 

#ref : ,Tbe. m^psion, tjftjU^^s^.fk ^e wajf.tpjiianb^efi^im f^M'fJRPte 

Icvij?! abo^^ J}aU.i»,?nUe from ^e c^l^) s^terilc, pr. MaJ^»>! J^K*^^'^»4^ ^S^ls 
is a large.qu^Kin^lar structprp,. wJt^ vtpi'^' wild cpn^i^n, and ^ft^. a Jal}9fffft 
turrets at ^aiqh'^cori^r, cjrojvpxjd ;vy^ Q,uiasc^tf .jf^sj^hpd^^^Wil^t of^j^^ 
domes. Jt l^asrl^t^y^en mpde^jnj^grt^ t|^,gi^,.a iT^9j^jii|a;on..tb<^(r9gfcdjbft^ 
bufrappqarf,^qhayiP^b9,^n^oui)(ic^d^c«k t^^.en L1an^tfjScj,,.anOM ^^^ 
two centuries b^q^. An ayaaue .^i^ w^ich ■<;omi!J^^Pj^ Mn>9P|t tb*?; .wJ^lp,9^ 
trc^s . extends. '^jj^ce tq the . castl^ tU^ r>i|g;ed.,coui5iti^ bf^tjw^.e^.S^eWrr?^ 
which is hroi«fi{intacipinpi|, mliaifrpQf, pfcc^s,. wifii,a.;pai{Uf^g^Rifce, ^pga^thg 
»> withJbe.g^^ijerM lying^.q^if ^fe^ ygW b^w€^n W?^ye«y aii^ (^ 
park. The bi|JA of, i^'srsjrong\y m^ '^-^wr^.as. ay^r^|k)ki9^.l^b^j ipt^^ieia^ 
lating W^e. a^?5.Rrpfttsely;C5^;eri4 hiJLl^^., , Her^j^jj^ ^<^^S,f»Wip-,Taf3PK^^ 
with wood,-^a .^bjsjipllpws bavej^:, sp?qe,itJ mi^9mmiM^'^^ ^'J^^ 



^iim'mm 



yW«^e;Okpa?m^ej,iv:hic^ (can^fc^q^ 

th^ PWn^^or,jdx>fif^,ji9t, maka.ft f^)^ 
9PP?Wgs tp; exhibij^/Jcoflft yari«j^5^p|ft 
the igraji^ /Jfrapnjipos 9^ -wnje iy^e^ 
towers, which wpiild pr^ducj^ a fy^^'^ S^trln^ W^''W 



t nreU^i^l>,t^iwofK^ tQ..th4:: whif\ Jj^j^ 



pi?^|yal^ofthf^^^ 






fect^jmdcam^^ 

^wdJi^hi^i^ ! 

domain, ;, ./Int^^neight>QWbai^q^^ f#^ PPOV-^^ifi^Vi?^^^^ 

Carreg CenninCastlej arp spme.ff^m? )y^Il-w9b4e^,^p9^.jp^v^Tdan|t ; -tot 9^ 

otUaf^a^ W A/«w»»w<'y/rt.;|QVtlep^ t^yati9*i»an(d,p^f^||;? 3re.agF«^?!^sV?y 

frequeatily ip^qtioned in jjritishrhi^ryf ti^rmyted Qq;ie3<?h.^^^ ;oif the liKrin^^^g 

through,, tb^.vajl^, ^^long ^ivhicji^^t;!?)? antly^carri^j^my^^t^-^ptey^t^dsi^ 

Towey ,finds. i^> .way. The ^i^^ ,0|r ap^ 5rQve8^/>f ■ Jfli^'^ ^^ ^^^ '^^^ '^f 

wall^miax be-yMJ^ frora-'the dir^t U^f^^c frmpiy^^n the .oth|2ij^l^g 

road >«rith ia^va^tage by turning 10^ .at prtUeriy^r^,,:/? ,.;, „ , , ,-yvn, ni 

the turnpike-gate; of Gurry-, the,se^ The rpa4;ijfttP9^*tT-AB-DPL*A»)U g^Df 

dencemWiUiaro Japes, esq, aqdjta^i^ erally dey\it^d trova, ht the s^ie.pfvyiir 

the Llaiil^qder roa4 as far as fJanfio^ «ing^ Carve^enkjri i^ile.. 'Tl^e Wqi^fr 

and theifi <trpffBing^ the hills, Tbe,jB»^ ii^^ accovm of suQl? af4eyiation jf hyj^ 

tensive woo<j^ adjoining Ta^ris Park T, Barber^ ;** At .tjvp^f^rst turiiptke ^ 

constitute a principal ornament pfthjp feft the, road tp. the, right, up^i «te^ 

acene/, Oiitlve other ,side the ro^,,^ track byjt'he aiden^i.^ romantic, "^nglo^ 

*ome distaAci?, i^ 4^ermarU ParktOj^f down the darfc'HoIlow pf which^^m^U 

the seat ofsjir Rice ap Thomas. A Hv Cascade trickled wi;^|ii very good eflfec|. 

Ue wfy further staods the ,Afon««^<ry.<wr tn our ascent,, JleJ^ghtful view»<<wet9 

.Ta/%, on a ,'fiKe and luxuriant fla^ obuined ofothe upper vale of' XbJyey^ 

screened by lofty ridged hills, and look^ "stretcliing frqni I^ndilo bridg^ to the 

ing down the vale df Towey. Tl^re vicinage of Llandovery. The di«<a^ 

.are considerable remains of the build- groves of TalwrU 2XiA Abermurte J^lft 

.ing J ai^d it rapks among the most ven- adorae.d this view, which was only in^ 

erahle specimen^ of ecclesiastic estab- ferior to that from Dinevawr-casitl^ 

.lishments, in this part of the principalU As we advanced further, the rich pros., 

ty* Mr. Johnes of Hafodhad a paint- pect withdrew, and we found ovLtselves 

ing which once decorated a room in this entering upon the dreary wildi of th^ 

house. There 4re 2 pools, of rather a Black Mountains ; our track, then bei- 

iar^'size. . The next attractive came indistinct, and uneolivcnedbya 

object is Judmr^fordy a seat of Hamlyn single habitation or human face. Ajt 

Williams, esq,^ on the banks of the Co- lepgth a cottage appe?rpd^»nd we.eiv> 

thy. It is a very delightful spot. The quired our way to Carreg-rCennin castl^^ 



ion LLAllttlt»^yA*fltJ 308 

Mrt«'bMStf«W(mMf' Wi*a!it!ufe^^ the 

<iiyai(l|;aihef rMM'tMieitfiAbitantf. Thur heif ht 11^ <Mf tiii ' iqrfiole descent 

ctenktrained »' im>ceed at raiKfcfiti, vr& thtott^hiHt' ntk V f50 fc»t; -'"Kot- 

inoum^d a {>recipitoitt bill orst a ttatlt wltfaMtoiding all thtk' exttsrtragant la- 

Wfti^h IdftVA^Hfi^ b^'4 of a torrent, and Ix^ur thef« ii< tcanc^ Water' sv^cient 

Ai^oTered the obJ^t'Modr search, ap^ for a Klrtall- femilyij ' Oil bur Tettim 

Oli a'^ld'fdck, a cotfiltlei^ble ditunce ^ W^ m6re it^l^firerty ib examine 

^'^irriitht: a IStdefweJch fanner wat Hie featuHes of-lhe tiHu," which proved 

alio l^dnij^rited in this View, Working of the silhpiest construction; tbtally 

hsttd tox'tpak the damages of a late whhoot Ornament or a sing^le g^ocbtc 

ttb^, We 'enquired which r6ad wc' %m, and tkmsislmg of "one irregular 

had best pursue, andaphi were answer- court with td[Wdri at eSsth* angle. If 

^d WKh ^» ©im Saesonaeg;" he, howi the Nitons had any cistl^s of stone bc- 

ever , signified that he Would fetch some f^e the arrival of the Nohnanfs (a fact 

©ne*attdVtrtiniri^ot^e^2or3field8re- dbbbted by •on>* •^tiquwrii?,) I jm- 

(uriited With his danghter/a' fine buxotn agifa^ thfa to be'oBe. • • [The giite way is 

|irl,whb hud pi^ti:!^^ a little fingtisli ftoi between 3 icfwtfii tn front, but a 

«-L!ahdilfi' mai?l«fc;"WfthDut entreaty itnMig covered way eh' ttxe brink of 

ih^VHTiMa^'biif btf^ ^uide; and blhh- the rbek leads to the jgates* oil the s. 

filled ws, thro&h inoWntainous wilds,' sWfe] A late toutwt,'mT. Sliine, I 

whmn a thoi^ distance of the object of kftdw hdt bn what atMiority, aicribe^ 

sm^sea/rch. ' i^swes^endedtherock. fc*se#ectlantothetSrtfeofHiilnpyl. Be- 

ped .witti'*tl% 'frowning ruin of fore the use of arti^JOTV 'the* wwfitjon 



croW64 .W«tp *tlte 'Wwning ruin of fore the use of arti^JOT; the* |*>6d 

tXtteff^fiktH ' , t([Uth','\ a tempestuous tttjst "hare been* iintMegn4We; abd it*$ 

aBiidrWliiriibWkfetiitaln$t'it;dreVich^ ibugh aspe^ tnd%^te84f'«b Havebccn 

tft^VHHaJdetltlf^^shttwet.' We sought constructed for" thtt''hiei<fr business of 

ffiilAdterpf'd^e.biAiaing, but the wind War. ' Ff6tn this w^ld abd^ we passed 

fkgOT. V^ith stich'^ v;6Teace, that we t^ a le^ely tower and- iifcmndeted a- 

SruhkfromtbfcmottldetinAattleinents tton^' tefch4ike -trtfets to. recover the 

lt'lfteriffiouId''ofverwhdi^ trs. Oh Mgh^p»ad from I^i^miHlo td-'S^vansca. 

tV6«iiJ^ ftie ruth 'ffifbughlt^s' •'^Stofrmy fh a-WhttMilic boUo^ 'v^ v^^^toppcd 

hai^;*'''Wcffed6l!cldbri'flndiiig Aurselves by abiant* of theTbikrey^'^JWiTcbtho* 

Upon the brink. of a pr^ljJicJe, which, Inordinary timfes an inirohsidenflHe riy- 

jwceptby the siiie on which' we ascit^di ul^t,' W^ how sweMed -'to A m^acing 

^,'ieliidpmpasses'the castle' \ii a perpcfli torretit. Here we fpund a party of men 

aictihi' rocky 'cliff upwards of 406 feet iSid Vorneii peasants on . the opposite 

in height. Then ciimbing'among th'^ ttdfe;ih doubt whctWef ffthightOfe safe- 

lriofeil*agiHentsofthebt;|iiding,wedis- ly ;*r<yised ^ but at fthgtti one^^ the 

cbv^daDi.apferttir^ltrthe ground con- ifirift'stt'ip'ped and waded over, thus sa- 

Hect^W Vitha lotirg . subtetratieous gal- ^Ssfyiin^ us that Ihe ford was practicable. 

Ifery; ^lig through the solid rock,. acwJ -The test (oilowedj theitt^ first strip- 

!l jhteifby Windows t?ut in the Cliff, tbo* -pHhrg off the lovtw part df their dress ; 

*0t "^j^ble from any situation without. a'lAro(trtj*e ivoidrid by the fcnial6i,'who 

Thife' ifecess termlnatedin a latge glbotn- itoused to the incnmbfaintfe Of shoes and 

^■c^Vei;h,' which seemed to have ledto stockings, had only to, hold up their 

tdmjb* adjacent spot, forming a secreib clothes to the highest cttent ; and thus 

cotiiantinication from the castle. [Of jwepared, the whole party moved to- 

this patt of the castle mr. Thomas Ev- -trards us. The undenaking seemed to 

ans ^Ives the following account. ^*The t*rtfm a matter of perfect indifference, 

wtn in this castle is of a ;^ingular kind. Our travelling continued in rocky 

fbr instead of a perpendicular descent, tracks, ak the rate of a mile an hour, un- 

"here is a large whidtng cave bored till we recovered the Llandilo road; 

through the solid rock, with an arched from which we soon turned off on the 

^passage on the northern edge of the pre- right, to visit Olenheir waierfaU, in the 

^ipice, running along the outside of the grounds of mr. Dobaison, about 5 miles 

forti'ess With an easy slope to the begin- s. of Llandilo. At this place tbe Lough- 

*hing of the perforation, which is in or tiver pursues it's course between 

length 84 ftet. This perforation is of steep banks dbthed with various tree* 

various diniensions: the breadth at the "and shrubs. On one of the descents a 

tsic/ghf hitig Is 12 feet, and in some places Walk is traced, with some ingenuity, in 

leas than 3 j but at a medium it may be front of a small picturesque cascade 



S09 VLASttiOvmit, ^ 

f'""^^^'**'^***^ ****** to fb^ W»«Mifcdil6Viw?,^4iifii«i*l^ 

l-^ooghor. Thtt migttt be mitukon fo» . 5^**^ lYegansotfi sr bUftj i*iiiig. i : .' 

the objettsoaglic j but crossing * n»i -I — ^Buallt, by way/ of Ltewrtyd Wei% 

tic bridge, the eyeonaraddeaencoub^ f . okrlnp. .' ..v i 

t«rt the whole tiver tushiiig bfene«h^^ I :Tb^.U>wn of LJ^iy^HPaVERY* Caew. 

portal of trees,' and throwing kgelf^^ inwth€iwliife,rk''0rtbe:ffwst .forhiA- 
9 ledge of b&ck.rock in a stogie fall 6f 5^^ ^-^^ ^^^ bmUdiiig^ mean* vregu^ 

\e6set. The effect of the Wholey sedn ^'V iwd unconnected;, Tho' ftraall^ 

tlxrbvgh theigloom of pedant trees; U ilM^^^»^ n(i3rai6t»:T It it situated or 

utidoubtediy strikingf tho' it lA^tb^ tbefriyerBranej WtikhioiaE^the Towty 

eeafea^ed, the iheet of Water presenting •t a short distonicef' over which iork 

tbe formality of ah ^mbroketv square, is *«W»5 by the architect 6f .Pontjrpridd. 

•omewhat: ufipicuirew|ue. : Crcisiib# Oo^ ^ mount oe^y in the centre of the 

thie Loughorat aford aSiout a miles fur- ^^^^^ ^' the small Casi}Q,4niich d^lajA- 

thcT, my poney efi a sudden dipped^ut «^t«4. It wa« builtby, Richard de Poi^itr, 

ef it's depth, 'and we ^ispbrate^ to «Wim dodi9<lee^y trenched. . This place ik 

to the opp«ritebafdc.'! This disa^fei^ai. reknaiilubleior ahe birth, ahd lesidentee 

lile 4mtisiett; Was ' wndoflt^^vated^;^^ »i^ ; i^« ' IMchardf itts celefarated vioac^ 

my books; tpa^tfi^Aitd some ^the^aiCii. J^ut^rof whatrisdtnowjrall^nrer Wal» 

iileji,iwhichl earned lin aleacheb^ cti^ fej^.Ahe title ^df thd-^'fVicaPs Bodk/'i 

b^lllnd the 8iAdlfe> w*i(*'com0tetel^ ^«>U»^ioii o^vdfyisif^le poetry.. Thfaj 

soaked^ am! 'sei^nlidrlHKrihgS' mmf «(^<tekrMr^:tnDKtatsdinto.Englishby thb 

a|Mutdd. *ly tl«npi(ri4dnv*iaviii»6[rMII. «tv Wm^'3Evahs,.vicaif.^.LawhadeaL 

er^Msne •esdipedv with' oflly hit bbtiU Tbo* Jrims«lfy laa f^ife, and daughtetv 

^iaof n^rathh'- It injwi' not be amisk fed wfere'bniaed it the chatobVi&o tnemoii. 

•Wtiw the.Wfl^lefc tfrrou^ Waig»i sdiexists of thehi .HcJ Wa»' bom- 14 

that thei^' fordid iftedU^tlyocisuh^ib^; 45f Q,vfiind died atJhisrrnktlve^/placela 

«i8tot <matiofl«ed!iWhh dinger rifter l^^ : iKjrui TlwGascte.. i -t^-: . 

gre«|fiklJsof«aiflirKat'SUch times a care- -^Toithe ^irdm.this».place"appear»l 

fill enqnirykhoaUciie made ; a prfecaii^ fonnidabi^ barrier dalle?! ftfynnycWOd 

t&ob ^hich waAcI hAVk «lved us a dilfe^l *» "thd Black Mountain; oyer which th^ 

•iijrrforitaflefwattfe'appbaiedthattfd T^igb toad JtoWands tSogUnd formerly 

othdrtca!viellbi!8haectossed the ford duri. ^aascdj and trav>ellers»?iafier attAinin| 

ingtheday,btita^oidie^itbytakingaciT^ the jummiti had to.pMjtMte a rocky d^ 

cuitoutTOUte. Jinchis plight we joggi BCentfla^the valcwf Bsfe' :Tbi« incdtft. 

ed on upward^ of/^igtot miles, Ivith' the venience, however,' trno^obyiated ^ 

unwelcome gloom of thie^ Black MouAl **» njadbeihgcarriedyih a Winding dx- 

tarns te oar left, and a pleasant diversU 'ection^-thriitigh.'ia.beauttful, undufeSB- 

liedcoutttry on the ri|rllt,'io the villa^ *»g Rten^ which encircles the mcrtitfL 

bi PbTU^ar-dulas^ but wiiith we did not ^^°' This pMBOiiJum^Dwr, which «- 

teach before evefthig.: The comforta- ^ouJ^d* with thie imost enchanting dlg- 

ble inn at thisplace alEbrded usa change P^Y ^ ^^e more plicid mountain scen- 

ofappareiand good eheer, which soon «"T»eicteiBds9mil48nMindtheba8eoftrife 

dissipated the inconvfeniencie* of the »«unt^n* and reacbet TRtCASTta, 10 

journey. On the following morning ^^^Sy at as short a distance as over th^ 

we ipse early^: acwl. then found the «»mm»*. It has notalways occurred to 

place to possesr many traits of pictur- ■pnreyoraofroada, that to wind roUn^ the 

esque attraction, being: seated near a *»<^e^of a mountain to if s opposite Vidl; 

rapid river, and agreeably' interspersed ^ somfetimes shorter than over it*s higllJ. 

with woods. Thence- We had a pleas- ^«t. point. 

antride to Swansea." .A few miles on the right, on a part 

To Sw»Bsi»,2tflMi«t, Barber. °^ *^i* mountain, the river tJsk tises 

-•,Llandi)very,i4mUei,iilaUun« Skrine ^°^ of afountam called Slaen Whkkf^M, 

To andfr<ym CasUc Carreg Cennin,9inilcS: "^^ ^^^ °^ ^**^c*i vale stands the de- 

^ I;^to Vsiwrto CacnnartheD, iSmlles, Cayed town of TVecastie, containing 

Wyndham. nothing worthy of attention except thS 

. - Dineviwf, 1 Mil*, ^tte page 85.] Imins of a small Castle built by the nor- ' 

'-^' ^-^-*^«^^w^^:#.-*^^^^^p^ wan hinm, Bernard de Newmarcbk 

in the time of William Rufus; The 
forest of fiaicKHocic or Maescar, is nof^ 
entetednpon^ tiidtohavebeen kifeitdl 
formerly by a banditti, by a witch naow 



m 

(^^.Mafl^ Aubrey, ;(kc«^. Tbe.woxl 

was howevifiri cut -dorwA and of course 

Ml thes^ v«ffiuin w^ve lexUtpated. - It 

is now a fine cultivated country, through 

4vrhibh \he ro^ passesv ■ The htU caHed 

■Gaer has upon it*s sumttiic a vomab «tii> 

<ampment. > it is situated upon rismjr Qumitance^ till the na^oificeht scenery 

ftbuod above the iconflux of tlw f/ii pf Ysirud FJin isi.attaltied^ formed by 



LLAM9|t«?X)QflO WELLS. 312 

Qo the oftlier«doifafr:pBs^ the hiib re- 
«ed«» and tJMs O^hric^ diTerges from 
tbj^rg^fl. .There i« no pare of S. Wales 
where the> country' and < people are so 
wiid.' The windinf^s lii the dingle pro- 
^wfie.!a sv^cceisiim of interesting^ cir* 



«ad the Bil^. ' \ The rains of the watli 
fie stUl visib^.. 'Afarm house and of'- 
iioes'ha^e been' built -of stdnes taken 
irbm these ruiris^ Within half a mM 
Afithc houses the pliesenfroad froM 
^et knock. rjoins^ ai) old' roman causes 
,way« ' Aboue' a-qu^Hcer of <a milc' oh 



tli^^jiUBCtion of the Coiky reinforced 1^ 
P<jtm94r,with the'T<w«y,.u^dercircuin. 
sv^nces of peculiar grandeMf. The val- 
iC7.M -now narrowed into a ravin, of 
ixfhicli.'khe fomer hasithe possetston, 
iY'Uil^,the lattftriiQds.itfs way 4own the 
9i<ipii l>f ^ 'high mountain, not in a pre- 



;this ibmart 1 road iii>che tMionumehtttl ^^^us faU> bu^ v^ luccessiYto leaps 
tfiooelcallbdvMAe)^ y Maryn\iiQk;"9r^ iffxttSfoc% to rock^SMmietinies ioaning 
^me scuipttrlei i The^words '< co'bjtMt 9^3.1; eYeryluy^ediment, at others work* 
cjusT onl7 tfemarrm.' Af ' the inscrtpdtMfL inft i^'s. . obstffiicted:,£aniae ^>ecween or 
itr Is 'ibO!utlSif«^ highlit About r^i^il^ ^,(^«d.jttee xnrflthan^iftg crags, tiU it 
diittant, .on* ^ slqcpl>. hiiU called : i^k |r ^^ta . the Co^ ^ in d^ bottom . The 
Ori^ h ^n idvai . chcadipment, whhvS ^<K)ds with vdhlch these precipiees are 
Jfosies : andr2 .'vaUoms. « r Hence it K con*- pn^tly ,^)alheid» jdankeir«t!8 channel with 
jfsctttred . tb/ he ,66 brita^ constini(^dn. i^eic fiJhadotv^ , ^ittk Jik^\ larffec maases 
.B»man>f9rlafitaiioh» ails known tff^st^ fiemoh FoptH b«y«Qt, add a pleasiog 
liueorinif-back folrtn of ibuiiding, and the richiiess to the othir^eccenftric featnies 
«ei«ieilt;boil0d. mortar.; Brituh^ by loose of the spot. , At thetto^ofi the maim* 
aggera,.olr.atigttiar towers; Soxoii^ by taiii« ^o«e by the.Jint^deciinadonof tiie 
ipircu^ walK'jand: arches^ and Nor- Tjowey, there is a cave^rabout 4 yards 
^n^n \ and MtfngA^Abrfnan, ' by square square. It*il.aaiditt); have been the te. 
lowers and pointed:: arches. BfUiA treat of Thomas JohD,:Jt!be son of Cadtak- 
f^rcAtffan&dcmnvin by the deficiency of i-jine, |t, noted. ^bbec^.. who aspired to 
fr tower and .tl)e' liame of I/aii ;• aD4 marry the heiress ^fVstrad Ffin. Cam 



JNomuin,, or £iaglish«Welsh, byrthe adi- 
jlition of a to»ret» and the appellation 
«f i^/ttyft^-J. Evans. . . / 

., From Liandnj^ery to LLANBEDsi^ 
jnr. Skrin^ iCrosaed.'tbe Toweyj by a 
J>ri4ge of a single arch, and pursued a 
49kew terrace «t>ad,'Cui>beneath the sumt- 
mits of bills for several miles. 
.. To TrkoaroK' there is'a new road 
made to wind round the bases* of the 



mountains tbrongh a deep valley, exi- l^am Jopes» esq.) 

hibiting a succession of the most'm- 

mantic scenery. / ^ Fiont Ftlindree cross* 

es the GvieiAvick^ a. capid stream which 

runs from left to tight, and turning un*- 

.der some rocky projections, at the foot 

of a mountain, unites it*s waters with 

those of the Brane very near this spot. 

The road ri^es a little above the level 

of this meandering rivulet, which re« 

mains on' the left for several miles. A 



Cot/iy, on the other .side of this chain of 
hills to •the wj. >!eahtbiu ^ctmens of 
i^ni^ry resemblKkg ^his, but on a much 
iMger sqale,>4->R. Hv Malkin. 
. : Tjo Llanimlo v Awr, on the right, are 
taliaris^. (lord R. Seymour Conway,) 
fymfuford, CJ. H. Williams, esq.) and 
Mqnmrahon, (j. Himips, esq.) On the 
right 4 m, is Unt^n y Brmn HaU (mti. 
Rice.) On the left 5 m.is Dujfrin, (Wii- 



Back to Swansesi M sllnti. 
To BvecknodkfflO miMSj Evani ; Skrine. 
. • — Uahbedevt tS nitesi Skrine. 

— Bu«Ut,i2tmitei. ! .. 
.— Llandiio Vatri;,. 14 miles. 

— TregaroDy 15 nule*. 



From Jfewtovnj 83 Atlet, Wyndham. 

LL AN1!)KIND0D tVELLS, in Rad- 



cottage here and there, with a mill norshire, are situated in a wild exten- 
breaksin upon the solitude. The chap, sive heath, 5 miles in length and one 



acter of the mountains is various as well 
as grand ; alternately naked and wood* 
y. The valley closes in, gradually, till 
It terminates in a romantic pass, formed 
l>y a chasm between 3 large mountains. 



broad, slightly ornamented with trees, 
and cultivation. The wells consist of 
3 springs, within a few yards of each 
other, totally different in qualities ; cha* 
lybeatCy sulphurious,' and cathartic. 



513 •'-Ll.A»«&t*N(>'c?HURCH. • • 51^ 

*r ho' the iw^ltiittl'^^rtiies df thei^TJ^*P ^f Bl^k Water, wSett'teoww iwi^'hd^ 

t«t5 be i|ncfca6tediJ^d'^thapi^fBw6 iVoir, eiints a bjae flaiife> and iMm 

pptentthitt'tbdse^ttf'Harfogate/.yet^K^ like britiisfconfe^. 'SUvi^i' leavei h^6 

pbKe, being df e»^, peMfndt^,; aiia VaV^bftt be^'h changed in less thin 13 miApte^lhl 

of ielegant-acesitftttbdation, Is otfly Visits ib a fine y ell6\*' g;old col&tnr. X^is w^i 

ed by a feisfinsal'ittV^Uds.' Ib'>''fifie tet is welladapted fbraii artificufl baHiJ 

tfummer theTodglAg^iofuse is frtiqiieiJti. di-, applied exterhallyrfor telieying 

ly full. — ^Wyndham. Since ^fite". iJ^robic diseases./ Tt is t?fken interi^allj 

Wyndhain vUu^.,tMi% plaoq,. it'^.iY.^ls ih the subsequent Cases :' Vit. the \^ene* 

liave increased, n^filit iri. fame,, ;. Xiiis real disease, ulcers, leprosy, the scurvyi 

consideration induced a rhr. Grosyenor |he hydrophobia, madness, diseases of 

oif Shrewsbury to make improvements the head', stone and gravel, rhctimatisni^ 

for the reception Df company* In 1^.9 'and gouty complaints; The scirbpfiula 

he took a lease oT several -houseis?, and has often been cured by an iiitfernal and 

fppatred .them) at . a« ywt expeivie j and External use of this water, tils a pu^: 

jflild^ comi^erabl© additions. , One Pi gative in it's operation, therefore some 

|:4k? ne\v building*, if 1 large enWgh to ^Preparation is necessary/ It Ui6althbe 

<:.ontain . sev^ial bwdjred, jvi$itQrp» . bfJr drank, like other mtneral^ waters in the 

§ide$ every aixx*m|nodatioatha|t:^iit?e morning fasting, ot between brei^feait 

pxpected.. ) The waters are deivomin^tr and dinger ; on no account in the aftct- 

j&d, 1, the .RoQkiwater, v^hich is&ues noon, unless at meal's;' with bnuMty of 

aowtpf a slate rock, and contaiiis .a pt^qng rum, or about half ■ a pint at l^rthnel 

^pipregnafionof^ iron. earth,. sajtsji^ncl The dose cannot well be ascertained 

sulphur. A glassful of this watCTjitakr without a previous knowledge of ^thd 

en from the rock qb a cleav day, appears patient' ^ disease. ' It is adviseable to%e^ 

4ike common spring wateriand^ blight gjn With a pint, taken at short iniervab, 

a& crystal, but after, standing, a ;st^ort aiid in- moderate draughts, .increasin|( 

time, a chalybeate U$te and sn\eM a^e the quantity as seems necessarv. Waik«. 

very predominant, and it ; chaijg^^ ,\y\tq in^ or •riding 'much- should be avoided 

.a. poarl colour. Tlii^^ wafer ha^,had,a after drinking this water. 

beneficial effect in various disuses, but -> „.«:,• v,/ ^u •• " 

i..«uaU,.cpniined.tptho^wh«^,i,, . I'S^^^^!^ . '. ' ■ •• 

jjbronic^ pifoceedmg from a weaknew J . ^.*.^.r7f ::...-. , 

in the fibces.; also in scorbutic, eTm»T '»*-^>>^^^i>»J^>s>'^,.r^^ 

4onnweak nerves,. paUies,;<?.rai Ja»ity • • ;, ^ '.. :.: „' 

of the wiiole: frame* and; in agjaesi .Jj^°'P>?yn*§^\^A}}^nj^yita. . ■ 

where bark proves inefectual;..aj^ LLANDUDNO CHURCH is sstnat. 

in seminal >weakQesse$. . t)hebe$ttime ^^ near the promontory t)fOrfn«'«^<au2^ 

ior ik'xnk'mg ihiSj water 4% : bet,ween Jj which foiriiis. the eastern boundar]^ of 

aad'.7 in the mQrningvbeforerb^^Illaiti the ^ei^trance into BeaUmaris^hay. ..Tbii 

and in tbefoUowingquantitiesr B^^ vast ; uncamected rock, has without 

.with i of a pint, adding each, morning i doubt; beenformerly ah islandv^aaat prei- 

to the amowat; pf a.quart, ; Aflearrthis .^ «ent itis joiried to;the nvain land pnty b^ 

gentle wa^k.is adviseable ; .anotherglas^ stneck^of lowmiarshes^^ • It ^nsi^t6«i& 

to be :taken . before dinner,, and ^ rnaore tirely of limestone very pui:e and hard; 

on going. Xo . bed.. ..> : 2, . T^ Saline ^^ which nol ^e ^is nade. -Some cop- 

Fuinprwatier.isabfoutl.<K)yarfkir«Qf:ttka^ -peris procurisd <'fi39in iivo 4nine$ neir 

which is sulphureous. This wat.er;)hA» -^be top of the^nibuiitain ^one of thi^m 

been very seryi<xiabLe im maaydiseas- belongiag ta* a Liverpool compafiyv'ths 

es, particularly an'the-scuf 5^^ andother other to sir Tbonias Mostyh;^ - > ToWaids 

eruptions.; .t^eJhypQchondriacjnaiddy, the sea the cliffs ai'e-vefy abrupt, and 

proceeding froijii a supeTabun4ance,of hoUo\^edioto!««irkMiisiaaccessibileicanrt> 

thejuiceS; in low fevers, the je^tbiy, ^rnsbVtlieldashiDg of .the water,, r. li 

andinseverajlsp^ap.pf );bogra,v)^^^ ,lt this secure vetieatmuhitudea ofiguQty 

should be drank froin, about the middle cotvorantsi' herons^ ra^or^biUsyraVed^ 

of Marcli to November^' ' Bieedihj is Und roek pigeons, have taken up their 

-generally recommended previous to it*^ «bodc^ an^some-of tbeiste^jfesttraga 

xtsCi Tbe<nkaotitte»-are^aff h^ptiti'^b^ are inhabited by the peregrnieQikoBV'i 

fere breakf^tf,* half a pint':bifliv^A i^eciev ^mchinrdqnatiwhenl^ecfiiry 

, breM(fe)st andf dinner, and anotliei> ' be^ ^^k fashionable aouUenwrntl : Fvobat. 
fofegoing^t^b^dvr * '^,*^fi^'SttI^r J;^'the "vidnityi, >of iViw^ 



l\$ LLANPULA^. UA^PWI^N. $16 

fi^idyia^ia^^ir^nvthegrea^iiuin* Um.^wkU fipm » SPpA lOMl $oV 6 or T 

V^. ofjpvmiu.whu:h axmvally breed mUei ^ ABsi^ou,f r, ..AtJUi-AMBVz.As, 

i^ppji it».uit}u<;es this falcon to inhabit on tbe way, much lime is fiotc^red and 

PfL^dttdno rock*. The hazardous put oi^ board small sloops. Tliis,ili0re 

inethod practised here, and at the oppp- abound with sheU-fi«h aad inafMne in- 

site rocks of Priestbolme Island, of ga- sects^ vfhich hun^\i a supply cd the tea- 

thcring the lock samphire (Crithmum fowl i|»habiting the cUl^ ^iong Che 

^arjlimum) suspended over the cliA qoiasu.. 

\] . ' . . «HwrfieadQl 

tilt croFS ,<c doMghs, that wing the midway air , From Ab^is^, 9 nMkSt Biog^y . 
fli^wacfrcc SO (KPts as beeU^s : half i^ay down, . — CoBwy, 9 nUes, PoioaDt. 
Ivincs one .who gathers samphire j dreadful -, A-wixTtT ao i»u- j^ i. -^v n- 
•trade!" ^ " ' LLANDULAS^ ^he dark v£IIage) is 

) iituated upon the northern edge efDen- 

. iI?ft/MW?«* Above th^ sea, near Uatj. bighshite. It i« supposed te hait 

i»dil0i:gvowS'Crithfi4un maritimumj been in some of tHe deep bottoms of 
lipottfocksaiidrpaituresnearthechurch, this netghbourhood, that Hidimd i, 
SfMtaea filipendula; under Llandudno ^^as surprised by a ban« of. raffiaos, 
fQclcs.and among the sand on the coast, ,ecreted lyy the eari of Kottlramber- 
Si!y»glum maritimsno ; . upon the coast, i^d^ fer the purpose df fonriMg kirn in- 
^lAUi^ium leuteum, Near, tbe Great to the hands of Bofingbfolte, wtio was 
Qrme Vhead grow .Rosa spinosissima, ^t Flint. 
SahcDrnia herbacea, Geranium sanguis j^f^ ' poct Horses. 
Aeum, Cistus helisAthemum, Anthyilii Beyond this plaee the road to CoBwr 
yutoeraria, Liguttfum vulgare, SalvU winds round a huge limestoae rock 
¥Wjb4iiica„ Aninda arena^is. Among called Penswi^n 12Aw. Along this road 
the sand 90 the coast, fily mas arenari- a most magnificent bmdicape bunts on 
us, Pulmonarw roAriuma, Goavolvulus the sight. The fine old town of Cod- 
soidanelU, Aren^napeploides; among wy, with it's gloomy wajts and toweis, 
the pebbles, Siletie maritrmaj upon appears, with the wide riret in fnmt, 
the Head, Anethum foeniculum. ^nd in the back-ground at6 tHe vast 

^Qn an 4?i]}iAeoc^ called H^nqt i< ^n c^ierhatVonshire mountains. • 
ancient fortification, consisting of a Every admirer of the woodetful so^ 
wall of'prbdiglutrt thidtnesi, rohnd the peamiices of naturo will We higbH gw. 
summit df the;hiU;-. within are large [ijied; by a devia«w at Ivfaodrtat, 
<iircular€aves,uuppQsedby:mr-Bennant immediately after passing tU^ village 
to have been the imdeih^nations of leave the great road to Coawy, wd as. 
QMi^. ancestors. Nea this is the Madn ^end the mountaia to the leftto JJup. 
Ag/»ir»elfmovin«st(me,,ft»mitr8ro€ds^ ©an, whence is an admirable view of 
wgi cailedTilaQ CrydiTudmi^Si. Wudaoit the comiguovs mouhlaiA8,,iPH«f<Ao/ms, 
(V(K«r.,ajhljgie, massy, rtidc stone, smv nrPtiftrf'sIshmd, the Ownshead, aad 
nmnded by A foss,. tirith ia^airtow path the mountains round Conwy. JSf or^ 
teadinjg toit-j , . ; tinuing alongf the ridges of the moon- 

Twiimilei from Gloddaeth, ion the ^^^ towards Conwy, you wiUi«i«i^ 
thore, IS a small singular buildiqg, havr ^ the great rdul, at ehe distance of d^ 
ingd wuidowsandadooryWithavauItr miies. ' . r . 

ed'roof^ covered. with V pebbles. Instead .. xo(towwyv9ni<l«*»-Bingte^ 
dfrslate, called 'SV. Trilkf^t Ckapeh.. lo . w* Aimg^len t auic»'Ben»int. 
the insidtf is a well* . • Haifanaik ,>v^>;>^>s^.,,^.<,r^>.>.^^.^>^^^.^j^^ 

iurthdr'is theparishich»rcho£Xiaodri^ .. 

la, and near it the ruins of Brm £unm, . ^"»"» Caemanjon across Oie Menai alosg the 
Articre wasonce the Z^^^ar palace^ : .^^1,^^^, ",i^iSi« h& ' 

shore d»i M0t Vynach^ or. thc^ Macsh .of UANJ^WJ^^ a vijlag^ #* •AAgle- 
t|ie. Monies, once belonging. to the ah^ ^^,w\mP Hmy Row)^i^ the leanir 
bev'ofCoQmry. '; "i. .., \ . . . jsd a^tiiwif oC Mona Ap^)qua^Reilfa^ 

. . ifokiou/ta^aSiD^AsAPif may becoa*- was^n^rred. Qewan ii^tuted toilu» 
|nroc€ along: the sea ihooe to. Littk .vxcar9g§,p/[t^pla^^,:4i) 0f;(pli(erX^d$p 
i(Maer'tk4iaad,ahdifthe,l^fae.'retiri^ )|f(lifs(^tt^er.^ black s|f|b of angkse^ 



roarble,^)i;|^^Jf;(k)^ ^^U^nftmr} <»nfickt9^9^UtJ|ixreoii€^f»om,the4»tii«( 

scnption,ww^t?|^^)jr^^i|X^ifelf-,,;t^lf•r>r ef*.;wfeb tra^tiop. wy;*. .maik» tbo. 

]>€ipQfit«m qeociicn i^oy^toa^ de P#f p|fu:e .w^or^ ,£imn <«> jQwalchmfM^ 

Owyn, C^iriqU flvfiu* .J5c)?ksi3B ,ViCr wroe centurit^^ ago obt^nea hu wi^ 

ariijjqiii^^i^,<?pi»>>isce^uvi^^^ by leapiog fifty feet! Tberevertt'^l. 

spiritism J^«,^^i^.?iii ^oterfa.ri^fcifilf cpropetitort, ,a(i4 the female (XIBferedtpi 

l^mtein in uUimp.die je %f. reRUffiit^ take him who could leap the .faithesW 

tpm pia fide «p^bat} .acind&,-(ri^inr The diftance from thii.plafi^ to BeawH 

phAatp misericpi^iay.i^ eternum cum marii it 5 mile«*..: Th^ fsmranc^ mUk 

ChrUto g^jdiu^ fip^.iu$^eptuni, quo^ the town is pretty : tbq bay aod catt^^ 

i^naxime anhe^ViM); idlest e«se aieinper wMb Penmabn Mawji, and the (hmt^ 

cuo^.^>o»iijo. .pipiU 2J, 4ic I^Y^m-. Hfflrf at » di«aiwe, are leen i« firpon 

brU,.tonosaiuti|^ 1723, sta^Au/is.^t and the road U ihaded twi^h itrees.>*n 

l^piriibsubivultspirat. tauitotaTfte Bingley. -j ■ ,,: , r ... :' 

vpi, Pa?niapro«ihifoiiUiqu».trito^ t6Be.iimart.,.14«a^irA«te^. V' - 
ebat.egeow, uta^Taiom cum. artes pen ^Holyhead; by wayJolS^dii l«l tfc 

KeaatetiCTiptafati^cant. .. . - .Pai^ Mountains, 2»iinlw>.»eniiwt;.\ 

; .Toi4oflyDon,^milei,.Bi|igkf. _ ... ^ :. ^.., , , ., , 

r To Pia» Nriirjdd, 3 wiioi^ Button. '^'^^^^'^^^l^^^'^^^^'^r'X^^'^'fr^^^ 

* rK)iirAAl^h,2<tftea,BiilKI^. ' ' KidweUy,9 mileiwiittlkJa. . ; .. 

—•Betttt&aiii^MnaiefliPemuint ' . ,-; — PontarDulas, 6iijite^Sk|iiic. 

LLAlqSL'lAilit ,^ a ViUag^e of Ahgl($. LLANkLLY in Caernaivoiisfaife^M a 

sea, near the narclrefrh toast, containing smsU irregular- town, situated upon « 

^ ' very anrietir Ch^rch^ baling been creek near the sea. It qontaios an pld 

founded about ik^ yiear 540 by pHqn seat of sir John Stepnejrs, which tbo* 

Canntud. It cbritaihai ^)6rtraits of St. £U de^cfrfed by the family, aUbrdedliablta- 

ian and the apostles. Adjoining to the tions'tb ntiihere'afe t^ant8,'tUl the mis^ 

church is a Chapel, where in one of chteVbua opcrWion of th*l whidow tax, 

it's walls, are 2 polygonal closets of ifa driving theffi out left it f6 moulded* 

wood. The front closet is cAlledH andidecay: The high K^u»«l«mb^ttl<i4 

Elian's chest, which was, used as a den tower of the church is remartciA^fe, ill 

pository of the offerings made to him* b<6itig much wider at the' base than bp. 

Whoever can enter this chest by the ^wds, forming a sdrtf^of^ne. Llanel- 

small door.A)|ray ^nd turh themselves ff 'tt chieny oc<cupied'^4$f mltiers aM,. 

round Withio.thepl^ce,tv^iCh measures siulbrs. The coal oiKsihM here isei{- 

betWeen 3. and 4 fieet in height, about teiemred remarkably good. The harbodr 

4 feet acro^i the batk, )a.nd 18 inches l^^lerably bA^y i^d iV-^lbe contfout- 

-wide, believe they'will live at least a ii^g^bbtt, both Y0t<Oa«niiil*^ft and Kk^ 

year longer; but if their dimi^nsious be ydo^. All ctetttaMces :8n^ '^nttime^eft 

too large, they give themselves up iais at^'-here registered " at 'ihe duntbtlii- 
ipat'.I In digipnjR a grave in the church- ftott*; - !.......*'. .' .1^ 

yard about the ye^r 1793, a deep trepcb Ai a fe# mil«y ^ttilScc^is /ib^ iimf. 

was discovered running for about ^ nfkiCbf Pdfc&f*M.Aitf,wheneeit BiaaviUe 

yards transversely, filled With human view of great extent. The grand sweej> 

bones.. Llan Elian was formerly ^ of^ Caerniarth^ bav appears ben^h, 

sftdctuaify, or place of refuge, and poo- termihate4 on cine sid^' %y Wbrmsbead 

firmed by a charter from Caswallou point and on the oth^r'by the Insulated 

Law-htr: of this charter, 2 copies ar^ rock of Caldy in Peoo£ipkeshii]S ; the 

yet .extant. ■ opposite shares of Somerset aind Devon, 

To BiAVMA^is the village of Imtt- forming the distance, fitintfy skirt the 

FAia is left abqu^ iit^iii, to ihe righ^. <hofi«bi| bvyead^ >f ast eoE|>aiise «f ifea, 

TdAsinf^ Rfd-tVhar/'ifU/t the Village yf studded with vessels. 'Ldoktn|^ inter- 

Penireaih, (the end bf the SandsJoC- nall^, the county extiTbitt^s^ng >in- 

cursl It is pl6aian.tj(y' situated, aodit^s duhtdry turface, v^ibpliy' ibhe^uered 

little chiirch ii so j^^citiresaue^ tb^^.n^r* witb.:vv;fld beaM\t and ;|i(|§i culfivadon. 

Grose has Inserted ia. print of li in h^s ao^ Descend^ig the oiil apfiean the ne^t re- 

tiquUlejL, . H«i-^tiy7|n, (t)M fvliite man- gularly built toWjppf^iCMT }j^l>W«U.T,or 

sioiO w .rare ^pMf disi^t; KeartJ^ C%ihw^i i' frnCa^^le^i ^ieaia«^ 

porter's loclge^*4h^feV.ar^ ^/sitbneiata 'tfi^4W»^*W tt»«^ fi^te t6iliak0 



hl^%«dittftnbitt. ThiMClM^'wfth'to* town, idtminK «wi«lcliea*cmitnst t9 
I>hJfce€d'to GoWiML Will' ptrfwe the the icener^r Which farroofids It. 
•tettght TbaAtdkhe'ftiwi dver the Louf^* The Bridge over tfife l!>ee a formed of 5 
6r\ but the eastern boundarf of this nrt€^ul«r narrow pointed ii^ches, and 
^tlritry i4 weU worth iriiofcg;' and- M Wak erected in 1345, by John Treror, 
IMS pur^se the i^d *o ^heleft mu«t buhop of St. Ataph; w1io4«edm 1-357. 
be HIifen atT^rtf iMc^^ft near Which is in oraboufthe CKuriih there appears 
the sinkW iMin of CAape/ X>«ay, with it^s nothing cecnarkattJe. The name df it's 
teW tree. On this change of direction! patron saint i«^ of extraordftury Length ; 
♦heHandscape ri«es in beauty. The i, f. St: Collcn ap Gi*t«'tta^«^ ap Cly- 
»iVef Lew^hor k a 'fine object ftom daW|j aj) Cdwdi^ ap Caradog Frciclifiaf 
Wdh^dWarAJlfoWie/ Which stands rti ap Llefr MeriiA ap^EinioH Yrtii ap Cu* 
the banks <^f'the tributary MorUt, neddaWIedig. • Ahnost cootigiKms 
The road continues through the vale to and overlooking tlie tewn, iis a neat smaai 
Pont ar D»bA4, thesitttajion.of w*wch buiMing called PUUNetMa, in the cot- 

iaixrery interesting. . tage style, filled 'hp' by ii*s present oc- 

Atthe.fAouth' of the Lloiughor, 2 cupiers lady Ettttnor Butler in^ miss 
miles E^ ii a sma^l island called Bacchan" B)ntonby, Ahe foitner is of the Ormojid 
mf 6t Machunis, where l5t^ Plro is said family) who, disappoint'ecf or disgusted 
to hswe/built a monailery* of which be with fashionable Ufe, have here fixad 
was the first abbot. ' their residencew, ..The rooms allowed 

. . :..- . . i ., ei -J - to be inspected ^ s<'^8^ra» are ek- 

y.»^roKKu^aM^9i^^^^^^^^^^^^ drawings of the most, picturesque 
»^^^jr-^ .^ ^ . . . . spots in the vicinity.. ,The window of 

;* From Moel-y^Eioo, 18 miles, Aikin. the dining-foo'm. commands a prospect 

,LLANERP9y.M^bD is a considei* of tl»e mountaiiis; ^bd from the study, 
ibk market ,towft. supported chiefly containing a gpod selection of modem 
* through the-iinaumstance of being «t|iT books, appears the weU^rranged plan- 
iionpd ill *^ie;neighbiwrhoQd of thenar tauons adjoining. 
m Mounuw io-^be: nprthem si4ft .ft( ^^'*«- ^he Hand \% generally «- 

Anrlesea# - teemed an eJforbitant mq ; .as sapper 2s. 

. .. 0n;Uie roid' tp RAKooB-Fsaay '■ ffom ^^\ ^C' ^\' Wgsteaji says « there is 
ji€rf-to/mr/:,%»oftapproachingthe.M9. on^y one tolerable inn at Llangollen: 
m^ the .Csver^arnroPfthiremqwu^iW Pr J*^^ ^J the accojpmodations at that, C(P. 
pQn pi> the [tswfglter with«wt dignity, ,ff^« r***''^ Ai w .!5^^..^ S.**"?? ' 
Atfi»Wthjq'in5ula|ediw»!wni^.onJ^*P' " the less said t]|0 better »"' TbeThre^ 
»e»i, irregv*arii>rw:?«ei»d .along, the Eagles, toweyeri? far from being a bad 
iineQftaiftW?»wAw.^b^thigh«»t.of .»"ni andat the kingVljead is stabhnj 
i^ P1^iief)j^iagrj:i4g?g Jjife into v.iew,, ^°a a^ ipa^t one excellpnt be.O. clean 
jW4-gt Je^tf^ jMiei^vJ^c^sceiMjiftoin rooms, pbligwi|r ^reatmeut, >nd moder- 
the'shoresV the Menai to the peftk erf .?^§,^barges, ., . | 

.S^MMvdon 4«. Willed. Jo«a»^.; the ^pon a high conoid hiW. about a mile 
.:smA%^^y^id9in^^^sm^m^^\^' .distant ftom tlajigoUen, stan.crs Co^^Wi 

id ,. .,.r t. . V-! 7 ' !>»«<?* ^'•,flw. . The building ai)pears to 

TrTo.Ao»lwfh^4.#iUvJt4.*Osm^^^ .have b^^n about 300 fjpet long and 150 

J,\ and b^i ^lo,fQ^Mrchymed<l^ tJiepce broad. On one side ft was defended 
/ bv Mray of.»c4-wWf-i)a^ tp ^angor-ferry, 'by .trenches cut out of tVie roCK. The 

'' ^^' 14 mUes, ;4^inPj// '*.''/'.'!', , • present remains ar<ea'few scattered 

\,'r*^^'^-%^>?^' ■ .',•' .' w Walls.- It's architecture indicates that 
'\l-v"Iiy^^fff>iq^l<,<-^ it wa^ founded by the Britons j but tlie 

;..f5r^ Virie.'^<i!.^bhe^3 «ae%.i^'.. >^^^jV ?^ ^'^.^ction as well as it's 
^ Bini|ew,4iY#ii8.-' ^2 ■ K-Kt. / founder's naw, are buried m ojblivion. 
•:,;^SiliJ;^;iia^,««^^^^ |tVnati5e se^etyis t9 ,h3>:e b^ej taken 

•f^' --.i'cm'Yttires;yThd^»am;>ennan^^^ "syl^m, ffbm ,tlVe Ijxrts' 
-y- ^iHi. b¥e^Jrrf;i4mw?, Penniitit; ' ' "(fdu'ntiyirten. to Or^g, 
•" ' . i-L; RWMf, l!J}iri«<^. "• ^ -;/ v.inl.;.; .^^r^ ^asely^kW W 
'' Xl^ANCb.tLEK, ill Pe^nbl^sh'ifJi, is tetrayed hif cbuniry. /li'^iiiSff&iS cas- 
/ii^lUrtO<^ihl^ iindh]lekh)^\^mlt)(h^kei- Ue was inhabited hf M$^niMi^' Veck- 




d^l LLAKGOLLEK, 3f^ 

oH, tf.iatkott.htia6M6aui ac€oinptohe<l Meisey, £9t.tfaQ msimai beM€t of agn» 

female, dCBoended ^m' tiMs hooae of cnluveaiMi uraile, caused the first stoop 

7tidor TreVDr. She was beloved by of thti aqueduct of PoniCysyUty, to b^ 

Hoel ap EynioB Llygliw, au iUustrious laid, on tbe Sdtfal day of July \%9b, when 

bard, whp addressed ber in a charming Richard Middleton of Chir k» esq. m. t* 

CMie. ' Qn the nw. side of tbe htU is an one of the original patrons of the £Ulca-. 

adjacsntirasi rock called Cratg%/a^«eg', mere canal, Mas lord of this manor, 

or the Eagle's rock< For more than b;df . ^d in the reign of our sovereign Geotge^ 

a ntHe this rock lies stratum upon strat- the third, whei< the equity of the lawt 

um in such. a manner as to form a kind and security of property, promotec^ the 

of.'Steps parallel with the horizon called general welfare of the nation, whil^ 

by oafiOT^stS' Saxa sedilia. The pros- the arts and sciences flourished by hia 

pecti ^om^the caatle are yery extensive, patronage, and the conduct of civil life? 

and *tD' those who have not ascended was improved by his example.'' Tlii» 

SoowdoQ or Cader Idris, they will navigation over this aqueduct was o« 

appear tvery extraordinary. It is re- pened 29th November 1806. Length 

mackabfte that considering -this hill is of the iron work 3 007. f^t.. Heigth 

ttesady- 600 yards in perpendicular from the surface of the rock, on the s, 

heigt^t, that the two wells, within tbe side of the river to the top of the side 

^sde -walls, are never s|eficient in wa- plates, 126 feet 8 inches. Breadth of 

ter. u . . Plants. Upon tbe M. wall the water way, within the iron work 

grows the Pyrus hybrida; upon other 11 feet 10 inches. Number of the stone 

partX'Of'ibewallS'Hieracium murorum. pillars besides abutments 18. Distance 

Whenmr. Btngley, visited this place, of ditto from each pther at the top, 4^ 

he tnade am excubssok to the famous feet. Depth of the iron plates, for the 

Aqueduct for conveying the EUesmere cabal part, 5 fe^t 3 inches. Length oC 

caoal across a valley oVer tbe river Dee, the earthen embankment, s. side of thp 

which he thus describes. " I crossed river 1303 feet 8 inches. Height of 

the bridge and went down the road, on ditto at the s. abutment 75 feet. Mr. 

tbe K. side of the river, which leads to Bingley, returned to Llangollen by the 

Ruabon and Wrexham. The scenery Oswestry road on the s. side of the riv« 

in this .direction was pretty, but from er; which is considerably elevated a-» 

the lowness of the road it had nothing hove the bottom of the vaic» and 

pacticulariy interesting. The most whence all tbe surrounding objects, 

beautiful prospects are had by looking may be seen to great advantage. From 

back towards the town, where the cas* these steep baoks, the Dee's transpar 

tie, from it's great elevation, almost al* rent stream winds in elegant curves, a^ 

ways formed a very conspicuaus fea* longthe woody meadows. below. The 

tore^'and where the Dec in many plac- mountains on the op|H)site side uf the 

es added considerable beauties to the vale finely varied in shape and colour { 

scen^; I passed Trevor-.haU, tbe family and Trevor^hali, seated on it's enun* 

mansion of the Lloydsy finely seated on ence, .assists to decorate the scene. 

an eminence above the road. Having Hence Castell Dinas Br&n, and it's con.* 

proceeded somewhat more -than 4 ical hill, seems to close up the end of 

miles, I 'turned along a road on the the vale, and imperiously comipaiid 

right, leiding over the Dee, at Pimt tf the country around: This sylvan rale, 

Cgtytity, -A few hundred yards below, justly celebrated for it's numerojQi 

is the canalwhich passed across tbe vale' beauties, affords many picturesque and 

ofLlaogolien.' anif the riirer Dee, upon highly romantic scenes." Tour, voL 

anaquedttot supported by/eleven bandr ii, 179, edit. 18Q4. 

xonie sqcmie stone columns, at the . Mr; Pennant says, 'M know no ptaoe 

hei^t jof ISO £eet above. the surface of in N< Wales, where the refined lover 

the water. From a tablet on one of of pietiwesque scenes, the seatiipentaL 

tbeml^coi^ied/the following iuscrip- or the romantic tourist can give inl^a 

tion. . 'f*. The nobility and gentry of the i^er indulgence. No place a^uads 

adjacent counties haymg united .their more with various rides, or sokenw 

mrts with the great commercial inter- walks.^ From this central spQC* he may^ 

eit of this country, iA creating an inter- as. I have .done, visit the seat of Owcd 

eimrieahdtmion, between England and Glyndwr, and the fine vallies of ths 

J^;Wates>by'A navigable edsimanicao Doe^ to it*s source, beytnd tb« great 

tittf dt tbe 3 ^tveT% stvem. Dee, and U^n i^t ^ ^^. ^^ HKmfinutil 



3ft5 LLANGOLLEN. 384 

the fertUe »«^ 0/ Gwgd; or maketh« wai as large ai Wctammtcr HalL" 
tour of Wrexham ; or viiit the place* There li a smaU »weU near the cenne 
which I have jttsi left." Notwithstand- where the house rtood. Heie Glyii- 
ing this opinion has been given by the dwr lived the life of a little sovereign 
discriminating and indefatigable Pen- in his own dominions, till a quarrel a- 
. nant, and tho* LangoUen has long been rose between him and hit neighbour, 
the subject of much encomium, both in lord Grey, of Ruthin castle, IS miiei 
prose and verse, the opinion of other distant, now in ruins. Their manors 
travellers declare that it cannot, iu rich- were contiguous. Grey wished to coo- 
ness, be compared with the vale of fine Glyndwr within the bounds of tiic 
Clwyd ; nor equal, ih picturesque seen- Dee, and claimed the hills ». of the riv- 
ery, to the vale of Festiniog. The Eg- er, at the back of Glyndwi's house. 
Iwyseg rocks, a formal range of lime- This unjust seizure produced a suit, 
stone on the ne. side, greatly disfigure Owen gained it. But Henry 4 acoe<ling 
some of it's most beautiful scenes; but to the crown, favoured the ca use o f 
the prospect towards the plain of Salop Grey against his antagonist, and reviv- 
and upwards, is uncommonly striking ed the quarrel,which lasted many yean, 
and beautiful. By this means he sacrificed a hundred 

The country from Llangollen to Coa- thousand lives, destroyed immenseprop- 
wtN is highly interesting. Thepictur- erty, burnt numerous habitations, and 
csque vale of Crueis extends, for about a excited that animosity which is not yet 
TOile, when Glynn Dyfrdwy, (the valley wholly extinguished. Grey was the 
of the Dee) once the property of Owen most powerful in arms, Glyndwr is 
Glyndwr, opens. The mountains here stratagem. Grey was backed by the 
are high and their features bold and crown, Glyndwr by his faithful Welch, 
prominent. The river winds and the Glyndwr expecting a visit from. Gicf, 
vale is so irregular as to produce a con- drove a great number of stakes into the 
tinned variety of Landscape. At the ground, and covered each with a cap 
distance of 3 miles appears Uandynlio and jacket, which Grey mistaking for 
Hallt the family seat of the Jones's; up- an army in battalia, retreated. Wish- 
on a woody fiat, near the opposite edge ing to take Grey in ambush, he ordered 
of the Dee. About half a mile beyond the shoe* of his horses to be reversed, 
Llandysilio is a lofty hill, to which a gen- in order to cause the enemy to think he 
tie ascentleads from the road. The entire was running away, which succeeding, 
vale and all it's windings, with the ser- Grey became his prisoner. The dc- 
pentizing Dee appears immediately be- scendenu of Grey were afterwards 
neath. Castcll Dinas BrAn seems plac- dukes of Kent. The room is still in 
ed on a lower eminence: The vale of being at Machynlleth wherein Glyn- 
Llangdllen and the flat country beyond, dwr held his parliament, and where he 
for many miles, may be seen hence, took on himself, with the consent of 
terminated by distant mountains. Af- the states, the sovereignty of Wales, 
ter the 4th mil^-stone the road, has a As the power of England was superior 
straight directiofa, by which a uniform- to that of. Wales, Glyndwr, at length 
ity prevails, and beauty and variety of was subdued,* and afterwards lived in 
prospect subsides. About 4 miles be- fetirement. Three of his daughten 
yond, at a place called Sychnantf is the were married to 3 Herefordshire geo- 
site upon which stood the palace of Otc- tlemen, whose descendentt are in high 
en Glyndwr. It is marked by a small *ife; i. e. Croft,:Monni6gtOD,and Scuda- 
clump of furs on an eminence oh the more. Owen Glyndwr was the great- 
right. An oak wood is On the left. <i»t general Wales ever produced ; the 
^Except here and there a few scatt^rtred soout^e.of ^the English, a tormenting 
stones upon the ground, no remnant of shorn to Henry 4. and the tuiaof his 
such palace appears. The spot was country.' Tiie' family name of this ex- 
surrounded with only one trench, which traordinary character was Vyehan ; he 
was deep, fo? the ground being elevat- is styled Glyndwr, or Glyhdwrdwy, 
ed above the 'Dee, which runs 90 yards from his possessions lying principally 
behind it, a deep cut supplied thewa- in the vale of Dee, (Dwrdwy) now 
ter from the river. The moat-is nearly called- the vale of Llangollen. He was 
square, inoiudin^ not aquarfeer of an fourth in descent from jGrufifydd Vych- 
acre, whidi'tefotes what Owen's bartJ, an, the surviving son of Gryflfydd ap 
Jolo Gocb surfg. .*«That his ho^Jsc Madoc, Lord of Bromfield and Yale, 



3d^ IthAJKGOhLEJS. 396 

-whose Tesides^ vras CaiteU Diaas esque passage shaded wHh trees. Cross 
Bran. . Bf bis mother's side he was al- the New-bridge, and ascend for soqm 
lie4 to the N. Wallian Pniu:es, from space, leaving upon the left consides^ 
-f^hichidesceinthe derived his claim to able pits of coall 
rhe throne of Wales. Writers vary re» On the road to Llan Rhaiadb^ oc- 
speccing the time of his birtb^ some fix-r curs the villageof Iia7t«an^ra2<2,3mile8j 
ing that, eyent.to the year 1349 and situated in Gtyn Ceiriogi or the valley 
others to 1354^ He died on the 20th of the Ceiriog; following the course 
Sep. 1415, in the 61st year of his age, of the Ceiriog for 3 miles, occurs the 
2tt the house of one of his daug^hters; village of JUanarmon, where the Vale 
but whether that of Scudamore or Mon- becomes enlarged and cultivated, and 
nington is uncertain. , It is said he; was hence is called Di^ffryn Ceviog, Tbis^ 
buried in the church-yard of Monning- village lies in the hundred of Yale, and 
ton, but there is no memorial of him. was once famous as the resort of pilr 
f'or 2 miles before Corwen is arrived grims with offerings to Saint Armonv 
aCy the vale completely changes it's as- In the Church is a monument inscrib- 
pect. Itis destitute of wood, the moun- cd, " Hie j^cet Grufiydd Llewelyn a^ 
> tains are cultivated, and the Dee as- Ynyr," with 5 bloody fingers on ba» 
sumes a placid form. shield, and a dog at his feet, carved 

On the road to Cviek^ 5 miles, oc- upon the lid of a stone coffin. la 
^ curs the fampus boundary between Bag- this district are many tumuli, compos*- 
■ land and Wales, called Clau4d Qfa, or. ed of loose stones and earth, under 
< C^a's Dyke, This boundary is oJFten a layer qf soil, 3 feet thick, andacoit 
^ mistaken and confounded with Watt's of turf, in some of which have been 
Dyke. . Both are accurately delineated found several urns, reversed, and jome^ 
in Evans's Map of N. Wales, and in times a flat stone without urns; also 
Smith's 9 sheets map. considerable fragments of burnt bones. 

Mr.WarnermadeAN EXCURSION frcan [See 151. J Entering the cross road from 
^' Llangollen, to Crucis-Abbby, and the Berwyn mountains, you regain that 
3f JDinaS'Bran'Castle. Afterwards he which was left near Llan Cadxoalader, 
i visited PonZy Cy<2^^/^.* thence, return- 1^ miles. To Llanrhaiadr the distance 
*• ing from the river> and passing over a is 4 miles. • Midway, about a mile to 
f hill of rich and productive limestone, the right, is Uanarmofi Bpchan, 
:: he crossed into the old Oswestry road, wi seiino LLANOOLtBN vAX.i. 
andcoBtinuedinittillhereachedafarm o thou, too captious of each airy ichcmc • 
': called Vronfarm, In a field belonging Fancy ! thou dear delusive traitor, ny, 
i^ to this estate, and immediately adjoin- are not thy charms the phantoms of a day, 
i ing to the turnpike-road, is a knoll, or that mock poaseasion* like a fleeting dream r 
«i elevation, commanding a prospect won- Here could I spend, if such had been my loti 
tt derfuUy extensive and diversified t the °*y ^"*«* ^^^ » ^"^ *^^ ^ *iv'ring poor 




^ ,. . . . - ... shoiildstandmygaTden; there the blushing roae 

j< Dee,andtherichcountry through which and woodbine should their sweetest acentsdi*-* 

i.< it flows; the. mansions of Chirk Castle , close. . ■ v 

^ and Wynustay; with, oth^r eieg^iit But ah tforewe21tiH»e«dreamBi my dimmed eye 

j^: seats, apd a large portion- of ^13 ooun- swells with the feuwtingieiur^ to think»l««r lew 

^i ties. He then quitted the turiipike- the road to. rpal happiness pursue. 

pii road, and bent his course, towards CFxom The. Cambrian DirectotKl 

^\ Chirk Casae, through the Pafk. , To Valle Crucia Abbey, 2j mile% Penmnt^ 

A Mr. Skrine^ under the escort of an - VaUe Crucis Abbey, back to Ua^foIlM, 

'^ ipotatjtguide,erossedtlu.B,rwy^ .^C^X'^'om^^^^^^^ 

^i the tolerable mn or L^-anb^Aiadr, _ chS^stle, 9 mile., WarUr. 

,tif whence h^ . proceeded down a f ough ^^ ^^ ^^ y^ite cruds, s miks^ to and 

^ lane to tl^ celebrated cataj^ of , ]^yl fton, cnstle Dinas Bran 4 mlBSi to Gof^ 

jiij Mhaxodr. ^ . >. . «en« 10 mites, Wyndham. 

^ To RuABON^orRhiwabo^^ the banks ^o«w.e8tx7»itta"ie^ 

/j ofthcD,eeis followed for a wl^iile, -^ LM«ri»iiKl»» « «ni»ev*i*»* 

'^ watering a beautiful narrow irale. The --.Bttsboii,>Tm**s^f^ 

jjj< biUsatlcngih aproiimatesooearly, as ^^^^-^^^^ - 

^ ottJf.tpleaye roopa for ft most pi^^urr . 



Mt LLAKOYKOd. 328 

Wmm BtfB, 1^ mOet, ffinglej. toi«f . iThit ridge ocalpiet Hnef eastern 

— Uanr^iadr^ yn Mochmot, 4^ milei, side of Merionethshire, and Ivlanclies 

Aikin. into Denbighshire and rttoa^oiheTy- 

Mr Pennant jpaased from Downing to tin. ,,,.^ j^,, northern bootidi^y is the 

FnTCf.'*X«h?tel'.!^.lSS^^ Dee. it»s southern the Tannadl Fh.m 
,n N.Wales, where he began h« account. ^ ^^ ^ j^,^ ^^^^^^ .^ ^^ ^.j^. .^,^ 

'LLANO YNOQ dr Liangannoch, bfeadth froiti e. to w. Varies from 3 to 

(the church of St. Cunog) is a small 10. Caifa/* Femryft is near the soudiem 

-village in Montgomeryshire, situated and Cadar Fh)nwffn near the northern 

in a pleasing Slip of fertile land, above extremity, and are the moist elevated 

TftrhicH rises a stupendous rock of coarse points. The road runs alon^ the side 

slate, abounding with white opaque of the hills considerably above the lev- 

amoorpfaous quartz, in which are found el of the valley, which at the distance 

considerable quantities of lead and cal- of 3 miles ascends frohi the vale, and is 

amine ; these are sent in their raw carried for 1 miles a^nross the Berwyn 

state to the founderies near Ruabon. mountains. At length the traveller at- 

Vonoof the shiifts, however, run lo any tains the brow qf a hill, -vtrlience the 

«ODsiderable depth, nor are any engines vale of lke'I)ee, is overlooked, afibrding 

jhade use ,of, except a simple wheel a most delightful view. An easy de- 

aod bucket. The great lead-mine scent leads to LXandertely a sihall vil- 

of Uangyhnog, called Craig y mwyn, lage beautifully situatted on the river 

was discovered in 169^, when the vein side. Crossing the bridge and meeting 

of ore was 3^ yards thick and afforded, the Stream, the prospect^ is grand, in 

for the space of 40 years, a clear annual which the cloudV summits t)f Jrran- 

revenue of 20,000/. At the depth of Ben-tlyn ahd Arrah-foweidy^ soaring to a 

100 yards the water broke in, which vast height, form the ettrbtne bounda- 

caused the undertaking to be given tip. ry. The nearer part is filled on one 

It is situated 2^ miles from the yillage, side wllh wooded hilts, contrasting 

in tlie mountainous ridge which divides with a rugged slate rock on the' other, 

the vales of Rhaiadr and Tinnad. between which rolls the dusky Dee. 

Opposite the first mentioned lead-mines, From Llangynog mr. Pennant turned 

on the other side of the village, rises up a valley to the right, to pay his re- 

Almost perpendicular, the lofty rock of spects at the shrine ol Si. Monacetla, or 

Llangynnog, from which is obtained a Melange!!, who was btiried in the 

, . considerable quantity of coarse slates : neighbouring church called Pennant 

they are brought down in. a very singu- M^elqngeil, The legend of this saint is 

lar manner. The vehicle of convey- perpetuated by some rude wooden 

anoB is a small sledge, containing 3 or carvings, with numbers of hares sent- 

4 cwt. of slate ; on the fote patt of it is tling to her for protection. She be- 

- fastened a short rope by each end. came their patroness. Previous to the 

When loaded and drawn to the edge ot 16th cehtury, nd person would kill a 

the declivity, a man placc;5,himself be- hare in the parish ; ahd since, when a 

fore it, with the rope round his, should- hare was pursued by dogs, is was firm- 

ers, then sitting upon the siedge and ly believed^ that if any* t>ile cried, 

seizing hold of the front, he laiises *.' God and 'saint MonaCella be with 

his feet from, the jl^ufid, when the thfee," it Was certain to escape. A 

load- arid it's conductor begin to de* baVbarb^s propehsity, It seems, can 

scend, along a narrow winding path, even oviirco'me religious supehtition, 

The miotion accelerates, and the nian- thin Which perhaps nothing is more 

ager of this strange conveyance has to binding to' the consciences of n\ankind. 

gofvem it*s increasing velocity, and to In tiie church-yard is k kbhe bearing 

keep it in it*s proper path by opposing the figuret>f an armed man, ^blch now 

his feet to the ground and projecting serves is a fcommori"gravie-stOtie, but 

parts, of the rocks., . the least inatten- bnee c6vtt^d thie reniaifis of ihe eldest 

tion or want of dexterity, would be cer- son of Ow'Cfi'GWyriedB, Jorwertk Drx- 

tain destruction. Yet this man makes yndwn. Tradition says he was killed 

these journies 4 ot 5 times a day for the tictYaf hehce, at a place called Bwkh 

^scanty sum of two-perice a time. Croei Jorvsertfi, This VaWfey iS eiceed- 

Theroadre BAiiX'hence lies along In^ly picturesque j ittddsed "bf tiills on 

the pleasing vale of/Llahgynog, eh- ^U-sides, except it's entrance; andwatcr- 

closed on all sides by the Bervoyn moun- ed by tl^ Ttinttd, which rises not far dis- 

■ .. • • ■ . j 



(^§e LLAN J[PAJf* LLANIDLOES. 330 

jt^^r Qa tbi* 'iyc^ it i$ ^y9fi|9^ed that ^»yn> or Brein Gv^n,' (royal tribunal) 
li^e ijf^^yst^tiou'pf Mediolfnum was is a circular boUow of 180 feet in (lia- 
pliicef}.; . Tl^e uppfsr e;>d is ^QVinded l^y meter, surrouBded by aa immense ag- 
CivQ vast precipices ; betyi/^ecn. tben^ p;er of earth and stones. Not far from 
juts .9utfl^ rude pron^ontpry of j^oeL it was one of tjbe Gorxeddau, now much 
ddy^ffui^^ / On the side of .this y^ey dispersed, but once consisted of a gre^^c' 
is U^e. iVqjuj^f qf ULechxpedd^ariji^ the re- copped heap of stones, upon which satb 
sidef^9f pfT^m,a$ Thomas* e^q. aloft the druid while he instructed the 

ToIila«f!iWadr,4|mites,Wy,idha«i0mgley. ^1°^!?^, "T."^^'^ also the relique^ 

TbjMiavitiniteZAikin . ; of a circle of stones, with a cromlecb 

-. LlMiv^ll»,7 oalcs, Peumnt. . "* ^^^^ "^*^*^ °ow extremely imperfect. 

• Two of the stones are very large ; one 

^^"^"^ "T"^ -/--^^-^-^-^^.y«^^^ serving for the end of a house. It ij 

Froip Bryii GWyn, 1 mile, Hutton. coniectured, by Rowlands, ^hatthfi 

9^eraarvon, bjr way of Newborough, whole of these remains were $urroun<i- 

?1 Alleles, Pennant. . ?d with a circle of oaks, forn>m§ a deep 

^A^ IPAN, a village ip 4|ttgle- grove. Near this is Caer-lebj or the 
«e^,iH>t^rfir|9m which iSjthe spot where moated i^trenchment ; of a. squarp 
\h,e jk9inf^ huDided, heade^ bySuetoni- form^ witli a double r^mpar^. >yithiii 
vs Fa^nu^, who mur^ef ed the Er^oos ace foundations of circular and of squai^ 
by t^qu^nfis'. Iti&caUedbyRo>vla^ buildings. At Trevjory/^xp.sjdy" 

M^^ Afi^m Gad, the great . Apny's e^ al iatm t^9f:e^ of CArcles of i^tonps, 
£eld.. I>tiQ^3<)0y#i;dsfroiptheMenai and other ves,tiges of buildings, ; all 
■and coiisi^i^if abQUt. 2Q :aqre^. . The much^ebpid^tedyOr covered by' )ye/^Q|« 
Kom^^ifi eixtei;e4 t^e w j^er . a^vt 200 . ^oJ^ruidiain (the abode of iixQia^\^, 
yj^rds>.pfLtofair-^car.c*mrqh, winery Tre'r-Beirdd (fix^li ot the bawQ^.'^qil 
the shoTie >^,nw>*t flat, th^. \yater the Bodmifr (that, of the priest), are' ^l 
;»lialloiveftt, . ^d ,4?ply thrive >Qswrters,of hamlets, nearly surrounding ^aer-le^, 
:& Ok^e^wHiie. . Atilow wa^r;ipd a ji^eap (be seat of the chief druid ; at the la^t 
.tide, ;mqst of ^he b^d is qiipy.* . • . , Af- i^ * cromlech r/esting. U|)on 3 stones. ^ 
^tei?'the.deat|i,of Nero, injthe year .67, At Br^n Gxaydryriy behind Xlanidai^, 
f)^^ n^HV;C«haivipg born t^c ncviiian y^ke are 2 or 3 dikes and fosses, of a sejoof- 
^ S^f$f th?ew it off, th« Qrnids r^turp- icircular form, each end of w;hich tef- 
;ed, asfiun^ their authowty, property, minates at ^ precipice, Jeaving ati ia- 
.ao4 pride^jyhiqh. they .held tlU Ihey^ar tervening,a^ea. 
^6, whepAgjricola crossed the. Mfcnai, Plants. In dry meadQWji neajr 
i^o^rly. » flailfi farUier v., landed at a Llanidan grows the Salvia .pratensi^w 
field yet called Poat tfr Yfcx^hie Near the church Valoriana cvib^a. ;. 
-CBridg^of .3«^ate) where the mV^e ^rag- To Uanedwen, % miles, Hutton. 
f^ V^as rented in this. And >h^.t,wo -r P^ Ne^dd, 3 miles, Pennaqt. 
^piD«g. fields caXM JAanai^lymsfon, .^^^^^^^^^^r^^.,^^,,^^^^^^^ 
a^d%.nXa^^* Jr>.tbe Church is ^ ^ 

jt reliqjaiy, ^adeijnot/jf gold or silver, ^"^o"* Machynllaeth, id miles, Bingley. 
nqr qrnanKspM with precio^ atones, -r- "Newtown, 14 miles. Pennant j Skrin«| 
but^f very prdinary gritstone, called ^^"*' 

Ma^n. ^or^j^dt qr the stone of the LLANIDLOES (the church of ^ 
thigh. . /Gir^l^s says it \MAS so constant Idlos), is built in the form of a cro^, . 
to Q^e,plac«, that let it be- carried ever with an ill-looking market-house neaf- 
fto fw, it would reoirn at night. Uugh ly in the centre. The streets are wide, 
Lupvj, .e;arl of .Chester, determined to and the houses irregular. Most of tha 
subdue iCs )pco<motiye faculties, fas- buildings are constructed with ,woo4» 
tened it with a chain Vp a far greater or with timber, lath, and plaster. A 
stpn^ and flung it into the sea ; but to considerable flannel manufactory is car- 
tbie fi^tqnishoient of all beholders, it ried on l\ere. Within the Church, 

was found next morning in it's usual arc 6 arches, the columns of which ard 
pJiace!! It^certsiinlynoivweilsecur- surrounded with round pillars, ending 
ed, for it foims a part of the wall of the in capitals of palm leaves. Tliesc, it 
chuccb. • At Tre r J^rpw^.or the is said, were brought from Cwm Hit 
h^it^tm.pf the s^rch^ruid, ,mr. Pen- abbey, in Radnorshire, at the dissotp- 
oatktiQ^t with the mutilated remains tiun of tli^t monastery, in 1542. The 
4^hed..b^ RbjvWuU. liis Bryn town^tho; ^nV^^ and dirt^, is ple^aDt)y 



391 ' LLANIDLOES. 9« 

situated near the Severn. About tht loath-eaiteni tide, the Wye iMoet firom 
town are some extensive sheep-waUu, 2 large fountuns, called Wye or the 
Diiiich contribute to the support and River, by waf of eminence ; HFhich be. 
employment of the inhabitants : there comes instantly to impatient of con- 
i^ alio in the neighbourhood an excel- troul, as to rush with great xsv^ccipits- 
wnt quarry of coarse slate. tion, and roll it's impetuoui torrents o- 

tvn. The New Inn ranks foremost ver a ledge of rocks, so as to form a 
Ma house of reception to the well e- bold tho* barren 'cascade; taking a 
quipped traveller. south easterly direction, after ywattemf 

In txPLORiNo THB Sbvebn TO xT*s the counties of Radnor, BvectHi, and 
^URCsraoM Llanidloes, the vale con- Monmouth, flows Into tbe Severn be- 
tracts so much at Glyn Avren as to con- low Chepstow. The springs on. the v. 
fine the waters' within a very narrow side of the mountain unite in a consid- 
bed. The following is the rev. J. Ev- erable lake, called Glat Utf'n, whence 
ans's account of his Excursion, flows the mountain river Llyfi&iaot, 
''* Wearied with following the meander- which joins the Doveynear Kfachyn- 
ings of the river, and meeting with few llaeth; Theascent was not difficult from 
plants which are not found upon the steepness, but troublesotne from the 
nanks of most streams, our anxiety in- frequent bogS, which oblige the travel- 
Creased to discover it*s appearance at Icr to chan ge his course. "Near thesum- 
' it's source; we had however 12 miles mit on the north-eastern aide, fhoms 
to pass. The vale was shut in by lofty small pond, rises the Severn; ivliidi 
Jhouhtains to the right and left, through running hdrth-east to Shrewabury/tums 
the apertures of ' which several streams suddenly tb the s., -Watering the counties 
.ft>nea down the cwms to bring their tri- of Salop, Worcester, and Gldcest^, an 
•butary waters to the Severn. We pressed extent of t#n hundred mHbs, etnp^es it^ 
'l6rwatds,sometimes along the trackless self into th^sea below BtistoL The 
vale, sometimes, ascending the steep ac- ibhabitants <yf the country name this 
ciivittes of the mountain barrier, to ob- river fft^firen or Haoren ; and -a small 
tain a sight of the surrounding country ; hamlet which we passed, is call^ Glpi 
passing here and there a miserable farm Hajren, At Llanidloes it is joined by a 
and cottage, destitute of inhabitants, small river bearing the name of Si or 
'This is literally a land of sheep walks, Se, from the hissing sound of it's wa. 
atad of^ shepherds, tho* not of arcadian ters. Here a double junciton is formed 
scenes. Continuing our journey, with of the names, as well as the m^en of 
the Biga mountains on our right, and these cogenitors of the Sevetn. The 
those which separate the vale of the alteration is easy from Sehavten, or as 
Wye from the vale of the Severn 6n wehaveitln oldmapsSeavren,tO'Sev- 
o»lT left, we met with little worthy em. The height of Plxni.vmmom is not 
of observation, save the Jassione mon- great, when compared with it's neigh- 
tana, and a few plants, the common hour Caoar I oris,- yet ihe view from 
inhabitants of boggy soils. Tlie dis- it's summit is extensively grand ; tho' 
.^ce between the Severn and the Wye part of it lies over the trackless' sfaeep- 
' is here not 2 miles. Suddenly, howev- downs of Montgomery, and the barren 
er, the Ardua Moles of Plinlimmon turbaries of Caerdigan. Ota the n. the 
toae. in sullen grandeur before us ; the Cadar chain appears enveloped in mists, 
■ vale opeiJing to the n. and s., discover- stretching out towards the sea; on the 
ed the mountain, appearing with less s. the Breidden and the moUntuns of 
abruptness and elevation than we had Radnor; on the w. the romantic vale of 
' expected. It's sides, as well as the the Rhydol, the estuary of the Dovey, 
• adjacent hilU, were totally destitute of and the beautiful bay of Caerdigan, di- 
wood. It is remarkable, that this drea- versified by a few ssuls of vessels at 
ty spot gives birth to 4 cdnsiderable riv- Aberystwith and Aberdovey ; With the 
ers ; two of which stand unrivalled in grand expanse of the oeean, uniting 
point of picturesque beauty, and the with the horizon, 
third, (after Father Thames) in com- Quitting the banks of the Severn, mr. 
mercial importance : the Idyffhant, Skrine advanced towards the Wye, and 
Mhydol, If ye, had Sevetn. The Rhydol after arideofseveralmiles,unmai4[edby 
flows from the Llyn Uygad Rhydol, suid any pleasing object, descehded to that 
' taking a south-westery course falls in- river, at the melancholy village ttf/iM- 
to the sea at Aberystwith. On the j:«r^, and tracing it. for some dMi^af- 



333 ' LLANILLTYD. ' 334 

terwwdi crossed it by a stony ford; and there by a barge or pieasure-boat; 
'wiier^ k'urnttle more than a rivulet, the banks on each side running out 
The road theti became inexpressibly alternately in steep promontories, 
iaborious and frij^htftil, being carried wooded to the water's edge, so as 
over a narrow shelf of the impending completely to hide the termination of 
precipices.' At length he reached one the river, and cause it to resemble a . 
of the h^ij^ts of these precipices, de- broad and beautiful lake ; while on the 
scended firrecipitfltely to the banks of s. from behind the banks, rise abrupt- 
the Rhydol; and reaching the village of ly the vast and craggy cliffs which 
Spwity, soon afterwards crossed his or- surround and almost conceal, the sum« 
i ginal track from Aberystwith to Rhay- mit of Cadar Idris. 
adrgowy, near Ponty Mbnach. Passing The road to Maentwrog lies north-* 
beneiath the woods of Hafod, he de- wards up the vale of the Maw. The 
scended to the banks of the Tivy, to river here assumes the character of a 
visit the moaldering remains of Strata wide mountain torrent, leaping over 
Florida Abbcy. the inequalities of it's rocky channel. 

The roiid- to Nhwtowh from Llan- and shaded by the fine hanging wood« 
idloes is more highly cultivated than in of Nauneau-park which overspreads the 
the interior of Wades. The river Sev- steep declivity of the rocks on our right, 
em glides smoothly and silently, almost with their deep and varied foliage. Ap 
aU the way, contiguous to the road. Af- Pont-ar^Garfa, or the union of the Gaifa 
ter having passed the village of Uandd- with the Maw, are beautiful cascades f 
snam, 6^ miles, the river may be cross- these, however, are only intirgductorj 
ed to Caersxnt, now a small hamlet, but to the scenes of grandeur and beauty 
formerly a roman station. The site of which are profusely distributed about i 
the eneainpiDent is yet.disc«niible, be- miles higher up the Maw, resembjin^ 
ing a rampart of about 150 yards square, considerably, tho' far superior in kind. 
On the Nw. side are hollows, which the rofnantic views aboqt the Devil's^ 
were projbaWypart of the fosses of the bridge,.,;. Crossing a lofty slate moiid^ 
old precincts. [From this station the tain, and descending towards the river, 
Romans hW a road, called Sam^iws, or the tourist follows a wild path, some- 
Sam S^artf i^hich is supposed to have times hidden among trees, at other time^ 
led to Chester. Theie are remains of skirting the edge of the wood^ and ar^ 
3 encampments in it's vicinity, Rhot* rives at Pistyly Cain, which is a single 
ddiarbed, Qmynfynyddy gaer-'fechan, and sheet of water, consisting of the whole 
CefynetameddW] Return to Pen y stryxcad, current o f the river Cain, dashing down 
3i( miles; thence to Newtown 3 miles, into a deep and rocky bason. When 
/The Rosa villosa grows in the hedges seen from below this sheet appears to 
ahnost all the way. great advantage. The water falls mto 

Back to Newtown, ^m an Mcunion to Plio. » «^fep glen with steep rocky sides, 
Ihnmon, Erant. shaded by old oaks, crowned with pen- 

To Newtown, 13 miles, Binglejr; Evans, dent birches, and interspersed with 

— Strata Florida, about SO miles, Skrine. young trees, and a profusion of thick 
Baok to Newtown, 14 niUes, Pennant. underwood, planted in a very happy 

To PUnlunmon, about 12 miles. style of studied negligence. The neigh- 

^^Virv.r»^-^**-<«^-,*«^-^^w*^^^-^^^^^ bouring fall of the Mawddach is 2 or 
^ ^ , „ ^ . ... 300 yards distant from this place, which 

Prom Dolgelle, 2 m.les, Pennant j A.km. ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ enchanting style, but i» 

LLANILltYD, is a flourishing vil- more open to the light, and the water 
lagein Merionethshire, containing sev- falls in a fuller stream, forming two no- 
eral good houses, beautifully situated ble cataracts, before it loses itself in the 
on the river Mawddach, or Maw. It thickets below. Regaining the road, 
serves as a port to Dolgelle, and many the pedestrian passes through Trarptfy- 
small vessels are built here. On the nydd, a large village situated in an open 
river side are lime-kilns. Further barren country, 
down the river is a forge, a little be- to Maentwrog, 11 miles, Alktn. 
yond which a prospect opens which .- Barmouth, lO miles, Pcw».ant. 
for beauty and picturesque effect can ^^^^^^^, 
scarcely be equalled. The wide es- 
toary of the Mawddach, appears in 
hott^ andia frequently enlivened here 



335 LLAKLLYFNI. LLANRHAIADR. 93$ 



rrom Ci7B0f> 9 nUe% H«tioft The Chwch U « haadwime. stvactiu% 

^■^ CaenartDn, 8 nilet* Warner. On the c window U a jwiinring o^ <tel 

ILANLLYFNI, is a village inOaer- goncalogy of Oirijtftam Jesse, execute 

nafVon$hire,beatitifany situated amoDg ed about 1533. Thcpatnan^ is repitwi 

meadows, bounded by mouhtains. m lented iprawhng upon bis hack« widi 

«ie road from Crirtaeth to Caertiarvon. the genealogic trte spriogmj^ from ha 

On the way TO Caernarvon, Drwsy stomach! In the churchward is the 

Coed, (door of the ivood) may be pas- following lascnpuon. •' Here lycth 

$cd, whidi road commands a charming the body of John, ap Robert of Forth, 

prospect of Snowdon and his two sons, ap David, ap Griffith, ap David Vaucb- 

Cryb y Dislyl on the ri^ht, and Cryh an, ap Blethyn, ap Gr^th, ap Mere- 

Ooch on the left, througli a vista 8 miles <>»th, ap lerworth, ap Uewely n^ ap le- 

long. In this track arc the celebrated ">*»>. »P Hoilm, ap Oowryd, ap Cadvan, 

lakes of Uynniau NanUle, in a roman- aP Alawgwa, ap Cadell. U>e kiog o: 

«c vale, each nearly a miie long divid- Powis : who departed tins life tbe xi 

Cd by an isthmus, 20 yards wide. On day of March, in the year of our Lord 

the right, by the lakes, at the foot of the God» 1^3. «nd of h« age acv. In the 

Cadar.iiasmallold house, where Ed- church lies Maurice Jones.. esq. who 

«md 1, delighted with the spot, fre- fouadod sone alnM^ieaM la the year 

tfuently spent a fortnight at a time. It ^'^^ 

vasat Ditwy Qwfrf whence Wilson took The scenery all the way. tp Rdthik 

bis excellent drawing of Snowdon, but » eaCtediaf ly beauUfuL 

being remc/tely situated is only visited Td Katfiin,4iifl0eatllla|len PenBant. 

by ardetit tourists. Pennant remarks _ _ _ ^ ^ ^ v 

that the « completest view of Snowdon ^^^^^^-^^^^^^^-^^-^^^ 

u from this place." Mr. Hisftton hi VroBi LtaagyMg, «(«•«» Wsmdhm; Bii^ 

«)tioting this passage from Pennant, re- l^y. 

viarks that the " man who becomes an . — ***■» '5 aiiea. 

author, ^ixhJbits his own folly," but Ltonymywch, lO mUej Aikia. 

^oes ntft fiwther explain 'hts Jffeanitig. — J- "«*?,!«»» " «*te^ sknae. 

He adds, however, that he « could^ — XJanvylUa, 5 miles. Pcn.ant 

test without a sight of this xrnfrequent- LLAKHHAI ADR YN MOCH. 

ed spot^ tho* it cost hnn a walk of 30 NANT, a poor village {so 43alledto 

miles. In this day's excursion from distinguish it from Limmkmiadr, be- 

Cjiernarvon, he says, '* I had 9 miles td tween Ruthin and Denbigh* ISee 155 

"walk from Dmty Cb^rf, after the sun and the foregohig part of this page) situ- 

*waa set. It was dark, ere I reached ated at the toutbem extremity of Den- 

'Caemarvon, and was completely jaded, highshire, on the road between Bala 

Those who have not acted like me, will and Llanymynach, in a deep boUow, 

ba iiiclined to say, ** He has exhibited surrounded on all sides b^ mountains. 

his -own folly." I can only reply in The houses are extremely irregular and 

Irish* « Every man has his hobby-horse, old, yet give, from many points, an ad- 

aod 1 ride mine while I walk on foot." dition to the landscape. The 
To PEN-MORVA,mr. Warner deviated Church is rather agodd builditig, and 

to visit tire large slate quarries upon the the vicarage rich. The parish is pop- 
mountain near Llanllyfni, and the lakes ulous,consitting of 17 townships, situat- 
ol LynHian NantUe ; a walk which pro- ed partly in Denbighshire and partly in 
ducSl various, sublime, and fantastic Montgomeryshire. Dr. William Mot- 

appearances. gan^ the first translator Of the Bible in- 

Tq Caernarvon, 8 lAilet, Hutton. ^o Welsh, was native and vicar of Uiis 

- Penraorva, 11 miles, Warner. ?*««• He wasafterwards promoted to 

the bishopric of LlandafiP, and in 1601 

nom Denbigh, 4 miln, Bingley ; Pennant 1604. 

LLANRHAIADR, (the village of Inn. There is tolerable accommo- 

the founuin) near Denbigh, is situated dations at the Coach and 'Horses, 
on a small eminence in the fertile vale This valley is called Mochnant (the . 

ol Clwyd. It derives it's name from vale of the^rapid brooik) at the extremi- 

X a spring af a short distance called JT/yn- ty of which, distant hpom the village a- 

•Hon Ddjffnog, where once was a bath bout 4^ miles, is PidylLRkdiadir {tbe 

and a chapel dedicated to Bt. Ddyfnog. spout of the cata»ct>the Ingetk % 



SQ^t LLANRHAtADR YK MWHNANT. LLANKWST, .^qjl 

faUm.Waki4. The iitUe river Rhaiadr ToXianvyUiOtSmiie^Wyndbap* ^ner ' 

here faHsdow*. analmost peqieBdiqur -Q8westry,i4'niiles,Wyndbam'li3d.Wu^ 

lar bl^k crai, pf 210 feet: in. height J^5^!f "ff ^°»,/.l "f^^, ,, 

Fdr about; tw^dipf mi* ipace the Back to Llanvyllm, Peni^an^, . 

water^lidei 4<>w» ti?i?.flat face pf a n^k- -<-^y-yr-r^^ ^>r^yr^j^^^v^^f^ 

cd rock i it rages tbieace through^a-Wr , ^^^ DoiwydAtiaitCiawie, ii inU»,v«tmii|} 

taraJL arch, wd passing betw een 2 i»om- ; . Mngk^ ;. Aikin; . . ' • 

ijient sides fa^ls into.a>ason. It then — -Cernio^c, U imta% Hottov. - ^ . 

passes through a well wopded; deU> -^-rt-CQnwy) 12 nUio^ ¥«a«si WyndbMH' 

Ibrming a boundary line which sep^rr jWaruef- , , i ; . "; 

ates the counties of Denbigh and Merir . — Conwy-ferry, 14 n^iiee, skripp,. . . v 

pneth, and after assisting to form, some ,. — Capel c«mg, 17 mi^s. ^ ^.,j 

pleasing scenes, fails into theXanat^ pr LLANRW&Ji^ diSflgwiU tonm^ioel^ 

Severn. The caUract is destitute of situaiedon.the)tMA.te«R:b«|ii)«t<>ftbeiS«ir' 

wood; notwithsUn4ing which, it iter wv»gu$twkhinjtb€i)«!»%l>i8^shireborflet. 

tains an air of simplegrandieur. When The: strwts < are oaiv^Wf ttt^ th& bouaciB 

the sun shines on the-upper. part of the iffeJEu W.. Xhe ihtgh road from ^ShoofH 

raUract it is visible at a great distance^ «l^ire tP^tiplybea^pMiesthrout^ it. . :.ft 

Kear the foot of the rock is a small rpom i^ , reti»HVka^le . fpr tittle, rbeskdes it^ 

built for the usiepf visitors under the ;bri(}g«b)4iU byMliHgo:j«(aesv{Sfie.I>AiH 

patronfige ^^uljpA^Ape of 'the ; latp dr^ 3r>YfDi>^{44N<C,i«m^] iret %fa^, Burke has 

Wortt^ington^. ..viqMT .of Llanrhais^i;, ^j^oi^va^ed it; f\ (he rai«st chanbuig spqc 
^hich ls,f9nnd %ve^ convenient shade ^n 'WMcKo" Hfi^e-je: a goQ^iXnarkettoU^ 

^d resting-place !^PlthQse:^h6 bri^ag and^ wfiU^e<«^i|d')£Ree4«jCfaooi. |4 

refreshments.,, '/VTho' <;ertaiin^y/ ti^ ^^maU-itrade is-oairi^ »n)in ^arp^Boakk 
5t,"s£iy-?iSr,;,Sk,r>ne,, "this^^.fair jpg; , Thechwroh isdfasdifcaft 



highest," sc^y-? i]ar,;|Sk,r>ne,, " this^^far jpg; , Xhechwroh Js dfasdifcaiedeto 1 

flora beii^g thejimps^ pi^tttFjejBquf^ vf»r -Ryftty^j or J8ies4*Wltu$, ^ b^shnp «f La»- 

tcriall we hVdj^en i# onr .tourt,.a#4 fyJ^:'m 3(60; infrtlrtiich il^some'CutioHii 

perhaps itlaite.^ t^p^^st view, to svri^ «arve4 ^ot)t ^f»|iid-:(tQ. be Jbconght from 

the si^ht sp fjQEcibly^asfmight be er^piecih U^e Aeighbotfrivgdbbey cif Maenan. AA- 

edjinconsequenoeorthegpeatajb^^ce joining iV.aidtapcdV elected in A6Q2(iM 

of all ex;eipnai,.spenic beauty*^;,? .H/b ith^c^xpensis.^Aif &ichardWyiBne,£rca]& 

could not, how.ev|^F*heJp.bqing impfesr aidesAgftbyriftigftJonesi In this cfaap^^ 

s'ed with it's mag|utudp»fwhenbef each- ^Lare^me moivmneotl belonging the 

edthe spot,, tho' t^.fUf^am was.qK>re W?nne famiiy worth itlie attebtion.'qf 

scanty than usual. . r •. ' ^ ^le .i:.urious..: Thi^. am brasses,- .eacb 

In order to ceac^i the villageof Ll Atr- cpi^tainiijig, .beftMtefl^jka iosdription, ithe 

OYNNOG, mf:«Aikin«caled the cliff.witb p^i^ait pf (h£»4>snioe:tQ %hose;mcfinle»^ 

Jponsiderable dii!icuUy^ forded the< Rha^ Ky tthey ^^^e^/^c^gf f^v^. To' this pieute 

iadr about half a mile above .the, fa)4 .h»S;beea remonred .froiDiUie cbufrchjaii 

and traversedthebogson thetopof the i^noient monument.of Howel Ooyttnoti 

mountains} a path in rwhicb fewwiU who was^gmnds^^o /^GryfiPydd, whool^ 

ba emulous' pffoUo^inghim», . > immiamenti«(|t-B«6£io«^£Otfi^, rntheioett 

Plantsw Near the faU gcow J^'m- .hf\tnJ>oiw.y^MtakCMtyD. Neartfaisiffa 

.gucinlavulgaris, Cotyledpn umbilicus; Jarge stone ooifinauppofied' to have be«i. 

.Saponariaof&cinalis; Fuma^ria clavici»- .^hat.af the prince Llewelyn ap Jon. 

lau« The two last grow in the^la^e wer|;}|) denominated : Llewelyn the 

leading to Pistyll Rhaiadr. great. Besides/tbctsev there is only one 

On the road to LuANYMY9ACH,.t|t nioQament deserving notice, wb^ch 

the disunce.of 3i miles, is the village xrontains a long and curious inscriptioA, 

of Uang^dwin, near which is a hand- of .the pedigreeof the Wynne famify, 

some stone edifice, the property of the fi^om Owen Cwynnedd to sir .Ricliarj 

present sir Watkin Williams Wynne, Wynne, who died in 1649. 

and a favourite residence of the late In^. The Eagles is accounted the 

baronet.. Four miles and ahalf beyond best mu, yet is an indifferent one, where 

is placed Uan y blodweLHaU, in former the owners shew mnch consequential 

times the residence of Gwermd Ha€l, inattention. 

full oft the theme of many a bardic Meadow land in the immediate vi*- 

aoDg. cinity of the town lets as high as 6 or< 4' 

ToUsiiymynacih, 10 miles, Bbif^. guineas »n.acfe$ but fewms at a Uttb» 



^ LLANKWST. 340 

if one of the largett proprietors in the of his wife.thebaronefliofVrilloiighby, 
neighbourhood, and one of the most in- eldest davgfater of the late dake of An- 
dulgent to his tenants. easter, in which family it now xemains 

The river Conwy runs close past the trader the title of Lord Gwydtr. 
chUTCh-yard, whence there is a fine Flawts. In moist grofond, a miJe 
prospect of the bridge and high wo«ds distant Irom the town, and within 3 or 
of Gwydtr behind it. Gwydir de- 4 yards of the road thence to Conwy 
rives it's name firom gwaed^^lftr, (the grow the Centuncnlus miaimus, and 
Uoodyland) m allusion to the battle Stellariauliginosa. On road sides near 
fought here by LlywarchH£n, about the the town and near Rbaiadr y Wenol, 
year 610. White at this place mr. Ai- distant 5 miles, Campanula bederacea; 
kin and his companions, devoted < a on the road side to Ffestiniog, near the 
ukrhole morning to a stroll in these bridge, a mile from Penmachno, and in 
woods, which mr. Aikin describes as moist high woods about Gwydir, Vac- 
follows. '< The ancient mansion, built Cihium uliginosum and Rabus idasus; 
411 1558, by John Wynne ap Meredydd, on a waU s. of Gwydir chapel, by the 
-if an extensive pile of building, with- road side ieadittgtoCapelCarig,Sedom 
J«ut much regularity, but shews the rupestre ; in sandy barren pla^. Tor 
splendor of it's former possessors. Im- n^ehtilla reptans ; by the side of a rivu- 
-mdiately beyond the house, the ground let, on a dingle, tailed NantBwlchyr 
Tise» very rapidly to the foot of the per- hiam, a mile from Lfamrwst bridge, 20 
pendicular cliffii forming the wesi- yards from the turnpike-road leading to 
.tern bobndary of the valliey, all which Conwy, Thlaspi alpestre ; in meadows 
^ace is now occupied by a fine wood, on the bank's of Conwy, about 7 miles 
-consisting of firs, oaks, sycamores, from Llanr^st, Orobus sylvaticus. 
.beeches, and ashes, in the highest lux- At Mayne, within a mile of Llaa- 
mriince of growth that tan be imag- rwse,!is a spring of high repute, and fre- 
4i»ed, while the summit of the rocks, quently used with good effect as a cold 
and- every crevice or step in their steep bath. The water is uncommonly soft, 
«ides, is adorned by the spiry spruce fir, and impregnated with setherial spirits, 
the light, airy, pendent birch, agreea^ With spirits of sal volatile it turns milk 
bly mingled with the bright foliage and white, with the oil of tartar a pearl col- 
sf:arlet berries of the 'mountain ash. t)il*. Vitrioline acid causes an cBcr- 
Halfway up the rocks is an irregular i^eseeiice, amd increases it's whiteness, 
plain of 4 or 5> acnres, containing a feW ' ' S£. of Llanrwst, 5 miles, is Gw^iheryn, 
cotUges, the' remains of a magnificent an ancient nunnery, where tt, phnefred 
.terrace, and a handsome domestic chap- is«stid to have been buried. In the 
^ built in the gothic style, and oveiv Church-yafd is 4 rode upright stones, 
4luKlowed by a large Spanish Cherfnut one of whicli is shaped like a prism, and 
/tree about 13'fcet in girth. We climb- bears an old inscription. Itie box in 
jed to the top of the cliffs which over- ^hich the relics of this saint were de- 
look this lovely scene,' and were gr^ti- posited is shewn in the church, but her 
!fied with a view over the rich broad chapel on the s. side is totally destroyed, 
.vale of Llanrwst, watered by the wind- Three miles to the n. once stood the ab- 
ingcof the Conwy, covered with mead- -A^y of Manan; but a large old house 
OW8 and corn-fields, enlivened by vil- built out of it's ruins^ ia all which ex- 
lages, and seau peeping from among isis-of it. 

the Sheltering woods which clothe the On the road to Peiimachno, about 5 
higher and bleaker parts of the valley." -miles from Llanrwst, and over some 
At a little distance among the woods fields to the left, is a small waterfall of 
above this mansion, was Upper Gwy- -13 or 14 yards on the river Conwy, 
der, a house erected by sir John Wynne Proceeding 1 mile, at a fuliing-'miU, 
in 1604. The house has been demol- ncfar Ponty Pandy, is a truly romantic 
ished, but the family chapel, mentioned and picturesque cataract, called RAaiadr 
by mr. Aikin, is still left. This ancient yOrbigUwyd, The high banks on each 
seat continued in the family of the side are ornamented with pendant 
Wynnes till 1678, when it passed to that shrubs, and a mill and rude wooden 
of Ancaster, by marriage' of Mary, the aqueduct (which conveys water to to 
heiress of sir Richard Wynne, to the mar- old overshot wheel) overgrown with 
quis of Lyndsey, and aftcsrwards posses- mosses and grass> come in to complete 
scd by sir Peter Bunell, koight, in right , this elegant landscape. The descent to 



341 LLA19ftW^T. iM 

the bottom it Ueep ftnd difRctiit, bat Otpel Fbflfai, tmd crossing a b^idg^t^d^idr 
the tR)iil>le4s' amply repaid hf seeing -a stream tributary to the Dee, tbe tqUlt- 
the foil to a much greater advantage ist passes over a tract of sterile and bbj^ 
than <h>m abdve^ The river accom- gy meadow-land, which introduces him 
panies the road to seme distance beyond tc^ th^ solitary-inn of Cehnio^i. Threb 
thia waterfall; Where they part, this miles fiirther is CericyDrvidion'. 
Toad may be left to follow the banks of To Cernioob, bn the western side of 
'the Mream. After some time the trav- the Conwy, the toad is less direct than 
•ellerwill arrive at an uncommonly wild the new one on the eastern side, but 
scene of wooded and projecting rock's, certainly more picturesque. I^ssin^^ 
-overhangtng the stream. Returning in view of and amid the scen^'^ 
from this- scene, the tourist may pur- Gwydxr-house a' considerskb]re'wa;j^,<e^- 
^ sue the road to Penmacfano, which lies eralneat and pleasant seats appea«'<Ml 
over a mountainous, but not an intet- the opposite side of th^ vale, 01^ the 
eating or romantic country. ' blanks of the river, which received maitii- 
The road to Cbrnioo'b and Ceric y tributary mountainous* streams'ln'tt% 
Y DRtni>ioif dn the eastern side of the ^progress. Pasi Pont y Patr^^tt^rSH' 
Tlve» CofiDi^, winds 'throtigh an exteh- 'tw$ y coed where the-n^w road tUtotiMi 
aive wd6d of sapling oaks.- interspersed rCAPSL-Cuara branches off. Imnttedi;- 
: with beecfa and' chesnut; the- elegaht a£ety abovethis^bridge overthe lAvk^wf, 
' apnfce, the pensileiMi^y aild the'rich ris.a pretty little cataract among lijdgfl^ 
•acariefb^esbfthefi/^utatahlashf'add fo^^rocks, hollowed out into the iiio)»t 
i ft pleasinjg :viaf iety to* the sylvan acini, &ntastic forms, by the^ incessant'^killieiti 
The op^si^ifodks and wloods <ifi¥<3wy- ofthe water. . The dascade of Hktiadt 
dir, the vsrfHey belbw>and%he fi^ande^- y fTemi^ lies at the 'di>5tance of 2 milei. 
ing driver, fi^ a laindscape p^uliatiy The Conwy^^may be here crossed by^ 
'^leasing*^ ^Bbt^Hh astent of 5 mile^ ih new an(d lofty bridge, unless you ctssose 
' length thtt^h a< deS^rt succeeds. ' A ^totake the still more circuitous rout^y 
- gloomy heath,' a barren morass, circunf- wiy of the Fqils 4ffth)6 Gonwf near Ptn- 
scribed "by naked 'dark brown^fnoUd- ^'maehno^ ^ Not fat froni Pont y Pair the 
t^ins, unrelieved' by any beauty." At -Conwy and> the. Llugwy, which have 
len^h th<^^ #eheiable plantation ap- for some spade been foaming along ti 
pear which ehcircle Voel/u Hidl; zn <fld declivity of broken roCks, unite thcnk* 
mansion.oP the Wynnes. >-'' Aft arti- streams, and' become tranquil and 
'ii^ial'moiHit''is to be seeA hefe, ok. clear. .AsCend-bya precipitous road, 
><which.l(#Werly stood a castelet, des- iproperly^'ardedononesidebyastone 
troyed by Ue^tiiyvi the great. A re- wall, and cut out oS the roCk on the 
tnarkable columh bears a' very obscure lo'ther, where . the -vale comracts to-a 
■inscription, part in Latin and part in de^ dell^ thmugh ix^hich the Conwy 
Welsh. • Two m^es to the right is Ik- again thunders^ at a great distance bi> 
pyttyEvan or Ysbytty-Jeuan,a small vil- .iow. . The scenery here is well wood- 
I lage, where fomv^rly stood a hospital oi ed and grand. ' Lanp lets in this 
St. John of' Jerusalem, an asylum for 'neighbourhood at fi^om one to 5r. an 
travellers in this wild country during acre, accordiing to it's quality; and the 
the inhospitality and perils of war. Af- rent of farms average at about 30^. a 
ter the abblitioih of- the knights of this year. On gaining the summit of 
order, it became the residence of theives the ascent, enter on a track of milder 
and murderera, who committed great features, amid /woods and cultivatioil. 
cruetties'in the county, but were extir- Observe at a short distance from the 
pated by the bravery and prudence of road the new inn of Rhyddlan FtoTf and 
Meredydd ap Evan, in the reign of Hen- Mat Newedd, the seat of Humph- 
ry 1* Capt. Richard Vaughan founded ries, esq. on the right, in the midst of 
here an amshouse for 6 poor men, now fine plantations of birch, larch, and oak. 
tnuch neglected. In the Church are Cross the rocky bed of a mountain toiL 
monuments to the memory of Rhys ap rent which falls into the Conwy, and 
Meredydd, who wasr appointed stand- pass on the left VoelasJiaU, t\ie fanciful 
ard bearer by Henry 7 at the battle of seat of the honourable C. Finch ; and 
Bosworth ; another for his wife Lowry ; soon after leave, in the same direction^ 
and another to his son Robert, ctoss- the village of CapelVoelof, The laiid 
bearer and chaplain to Cardinal Wolsey > pow assumes a steril aspect, producing 
Descending to the small village of only oats and coarse grass. In loaiijr 



^ J*4JI^Wf T- 344 

. f^m the mil U h9gtff^ i»)( W^l^^^w/ 1ffffe,^fxmfi%uf9f^ $ichfm4 ^eitUe 
jp Al^uxwUnce, which fp^m^!^)«priqpi- PfR^pef^* wiikh g^jMlie» tfife tf»le of 

r : Pn hit way to Capuji* Cvft^Q. nw. ;ppqpv,lKlanrw)8f, mr- 3¥WfUi>ePCeed- 
J^i^nQant visited the vlUftg/q. of TV^rwr, ^ up the vale qfr-CoBwy ^^ Hhe clos- 
where numhofs of 9rml\ y,9m^ 9fiP \^% !hIJ^ hackly i^t tdoii].£dv tb^^oam- 
t)uilt, aoki •eot dpN^n ihfi^xxy^ at spring 4;ig fi v«r a ^hi^n Mr«#ig tp ti»e nsht, he 
.4ijd(9V ' IJeweilyii hadapnl^ce near ttfifs c^vrsefl th^ {J^g^e^t and sQpp cavie to 
44ace I by wliQiD the cburcii of Trefriiy -9 ^pt^ whei^ it <i9%|i^ v^. SV^eac rap- 
^aa originally >buiU. Thif ^^istrict ifi i^iity. ov.cr a icd^eof .brolft^fk fQc^,oo 
iChielly remarked oq acoqum o£ ayni^i- >hp c^^fsy points of w hick an extraor- 
jeral water, conujtning .coomnogQ salt, ^ipavjf ,^idge oi 5,aFches, caljed /b»/y 
iW^hiob a solution of .silver torns mtlky. /tair, \f founded. , ije t^i^ p^snetntted 
Hence he weiitib|K:kL.aiS far as ^^, .if\toitJ>e rec^s^ef pf ihiik^^.W BOfrntk- 
4ttd ascended ^^eiy .stisep bUl,iemng t^ms, which form theb^fi^fl^ Soowaoo, 
^he..park on the jkft. Went iOfVierap .%^li>urp.Q$eigifMviewif>S>tJ^ catJiract 

lO^rtafJ^eries. The Mywifia g^ is here t^9&i4^> ^v^y^tbip^gli. opposing ob- 
-absMidMt. Ato gamins itbe'suminil, iH»<4^if><treaMiA^i)^»riy^e£jtliisaav- 
,Tiait^ .CO the.cisht* £%>K^(aetnQ»»iiydbU ;«&« .fk^s^lft. :by $^.jpre<Bp.i^i^<;faJi fWsv 
^nrniU bke;.jpQar whtchi<te.celeSriatcJd TVR^^^P f<K;)^^mKff'Jtt^ajl^<5 9l0n«icces- 
iZfiriieitn, who flawiiihed{<ibout Kbe^^w !#yely id«ep ^olA^Ww VhipiK^ . ft soafaei 
jfteO^ihadahabAratioR^" JQescendagMt .^i^i^edigious.iiDpetVQii^ylcirsffirerai 
•«te43p,.into &\ynJJug$^, AJbotioai n^a- .^^^^fV ^9 ^)wi4se w4McNi^JU|l^yi«tf- 
.ief6d by .the. Uug^vy, fertile in grass. -^4^. :4t 4^19 iPa^ractfc- a: 4^Kt».<x4wna of 
dSoftlmugh a-oarrsNtr.pass, high Above .W^ovfr^ps^^andlri^l^ u'a hanks, 
'»sag»iig torseiMi^' faUbtgfinbr^ikenias- /?^t^,QombUied. WAlt^,<t||e cpkmir and 
^desifrom rook to Mjclt;. : At a short il^ii;eq^M ,<)f; the.jr9c?k«> ptm :an inde- 
4i0laQGe enter IH^^ '^«%r» a vaUey «ff?i^¥,e >«u.bl^ty,^ '^thftiMfine. Re- 
dnjw^ichr there it^ob tceea.) 'The snail ^raiBg^i«^laivwKt,J^Pf^8«4 pear the 
K^urcib of Cape;l^urlgpAnd a few aoat- M^ mansiqn of <Gwydic. /ii»faMiE^ the 
itered houses, give ;a Utile ^iraatuootD -^l^fniM^'iTftil^i Q«;tbp. G^r^arvQiishifle 
•ifliii.dreary trata, . On theiroad to iwie^/pf ithe riyer^ h^ fpoA iveacbefl the 

KkApbi- Gurio the trtv^ter mayakiit t«^^y?>'Of Conwtp^: .^(»i; approachii^ 
tbie northern e^ctceniit^.vQf Snowdon. .GoN.¥y froos»Uatii^st» the'«9«tle»aiftd 
jAacendiiig the westenli. boundary of thp w^)|l#jE;p<:lp8ij}g.;th^:toi|in Appear to 
iUlaarwit vale, by the jvoad to Qapel great ad^vaotage» ie^peciaUy.i^rhere is 
iCurigi passing at. the footof Qwjfdtr «eexl..iAonevie^.(h«^.:Vi;^:^pqn the 
^oods, atthe^kStanfeofabont fimiWs, rfiea, >jd^j the tqivft; i^ turret ( aod 
.«ctuis an extei>siye .dip between the .tiie castle, backednikiy a^ roqst b^auiifiil 
Jtoountalns abounding with . mine*, pndirwng wopd^ ,; 
iHeooe proceeding up a . rather narrbw A. .^e^ road is WfV- oponod from 
rwooded valley. 2 or 3 fine wateiifakte jWaafiwst X9 9A{if Qj{(|i«r J^^Hgb Nakt 
fjtfe formed by the river Llugwy, one of . ^Rraw.gon. , , , » 7 :; ' 
sWhich. called HhtMhr y Wenoly is par- - To Maeiitw,roo» l?Pi .«^ilea, 3| 
Hiculady striking: it's height is not -.mil^>4^^<if^; li>:»sfl9dU',cataraet up- 
:great, but a considerable. body of wkor 01^ ^p Co^iwy; U;.ij^«<2r y Crmg 
.falls in 4 foaming tortenta into a deep ^l^^ the fall of ijiihe ^nw^^, «, Pbk- 
ibaaon in the centre of a very rocky maqhno;, 10, Fvaf^Jr^ipo? near it the 
iChannel: a number of -footsteps cut in falls. «f the Cyn,^l,\ 1, the vale of 
4be rock, shew that it is a spotmuch re- Maeplwrog (often <;aHed the vale of 
jaorted to. In the prospects on this^art Ffestiqipg) ; li,'l»lAET«TwaQo; where is 
.df the.road MoelShiabodf, a mountain so ^ gpodjnn ; .TAKY.aw4.CH inn is only iji 
Jdty as to coticeal behind it the crags ^^ile distant, ovqr the bridge to the left. 
4>f Snowdon, forms ai^ object of admira- To l»«nmacbno, S miles, >Blagle7. 
, tion, both on account of it's size, aqd —ChpcLCurir*? miles, Pennant; Aikin. 
the elegance of it's outline. ^ Caimtj, n miles, {luttoo ; Sferine. 

The road to Denbigh lies over some — Cerig y Druidion, 14 pailes, Evaa%. 
herthy hills till within the distance of ~ Cernioge, 12 miles, Warqe?, 
•5 mUes, when the beauty of the country "".P^J'^^l i8,mUej, Wjadham. 
begins sensibly to.increase, and to pre- ~ ^"^ Maentwrog.soj m.ies. 



345 LLANSTEPftA3ff." t»LANTltt>J*V ABBEY. M 

Vx6mtJbnf(t»tm^iiiaki^mtm^ • ' l^thei*atW«sg6'fi*8t,indt!i«y*(io6rtP 
. -,*-.Kid#«aiMnllksiflkftoc$ Erfan^l • irigly entered the rrrer, Uttng the pit<- 

rQ4ffiaarthcn,.7;«4teliWyndham, .... eaatiort 6f Wteittg their (ffatwry. We 

LLAlfSTEPHAN' CASTLE cfdwhs followed Cte^- but the lasses hid ^oiirf 

th6 Btihutklf of -a btiid tv'e'oded pr^itrdhUi siddrably uWdftrrated the 6Gp&t of thei* 

toiy, giialrdittg th« \^<ft9tehi ehtrttW^e of \^atcr, fdr It to6lf both them a«d <mt 

tlie¥iverT&*fey;theprecit)it«tltfWs6<if horses above half their height; yet «d 

ivhich' U wiia^hed ^^hte $ea. lt's.t>Vo!ti t'ar«ful)y wete the clothes of the fortrter 

en wallfti^nclosea large area; akid', ftif-' Held lafp, that ndt a thread iv«s ^^etfed. 

nifrhed Wi» stt^f itl enci'rcHitg' iartfhetf' On reaching the opposite shtn^e, tlheir 

rftmpart^^ 'ajjj^r «d hirv6 |J09«e8^<?d cdrf*^ jteiticbats were suffered to cfescend.'* 

siderablc Wtctigrti. From hhihe^oilis Proceeding unctet ^n oyerhaug!il|( 

stations itbfEeti a truly picturesque 2tp* r<ick of red granite, Crowned whh the 

pearance ; and in the approach, cha^m- iVy mantled remains of LAVoHAftNt caS^o 

iogly com'bhies with the surfirtiriding tle, the t6i\'n, (which is an irregulitfH' 

landscape,- which, ever varying, is built little place, seated on a low bank' 

sotttetirties- ct^iiHned tof a 'kaodj char- of the .estuary) appeii(i?s. To ifhW 

acter; at others, exhibits tWjwide es- place tnr.Skrine todk the ferty dvW 

tuary, the rbcky {froltibntdry forihirig tlie wide estitery, and crossed th6 Tai^. 

it's opi^site shore; and the bofandless at a short distance. 

seSi This castle is said to hWfe been The whoW of the tale, Trom Llim- 

bfiitt by the sons 6f Vchtredj-ptince of stephan to Yitrdd Fflh, abounds in ii)^ 

M^rionethshife, A. D. 113B;.but soon teresting objects of various descripfiSori; 

after fell into the hands of the Norhians- The first stretch of countty to CAer- 

aiid Fl^min^; iii 1143* it 1>fas taken MARTttEwis rich and beautiftil, Th^ 

ffom |tHem by Ckddih, Son of Rhys road lies inoStfy along • the western 

Prince of 8. Wales ; and so vigoufously ridge; contiriuiilly commanding the riv- 

maintained, that the utmost force which er and all it's liixuriant accompani-^ 

the foreigners could raise was unable to mehts. ' The first view of Caermarthett 

retake it. However, by the year 1 1 89 is particularly striking. The three hilla 

it must have been in thie pbssession of backing the town, decbrated villas, the 

the English, arCaradoc informs us that castle^ the bridge, and vessels on the 

it was then taken from them by Prince river, all conspire ta form a grand hn- 

Rhys, or Rees ap Gryffyth^ There pressive scene.— B.'H Calkin. 

is a handsdihe modern hohse on the Mr. Evans took a ibAr to CAKKMAa- 

same hill on which the castle, stahds. rtttU, for the sake of tieWihg to advati- 

The village, is snUgly situated beneath tagethis pirtoM^slfarf 7^. On the 

the " Castle-cap'd hill," in a woody left, just above the castle, th<J liver 

hollow; Whehce- a lofty ridge, com- ihakes a l!he dufve ' fbrming a small 

mandlfl]g extensive views, leads to a haven, called Ofe^rt Aauen, where ves^ 

neighbouring estuary, formed by the Sels W^it for ^ wind to pSlss the h^: 

Taveor Twyy nejir it's junction with The toricle Usberjria much practised 

the sea. When the tide is out, toutists oti this part of the Hver. AtCaermaiv 

^ahtoot avail thettist^l^eS bf theferiyf then thelandlng-platieisneatafin^oWl 

but the sands may by crossed brt hprs^- stone bridge of T atches. 

back with a gtitde. Mr. Barber Sttid hlif to Llaugharnc, 5 inilcs, Wyndhawj ikrincj 

cotapanion'recei^fed what they thought Barbdr. 

antple diret^Hohs and set out without a ~ Ckerioirtheii, 7 inilds, Msikin ; tnnM. 
guide ; but the description rcoei vetf for ' j^^^^^^^'^^^^^j^^^,,^^^^ 
their guidance' proved of so ^entirM ii . . *^ - , . - 
kind that they were unable toselect the « From the »»yKUawiP^,Wj!*^?'* ■ 
rout intended. " Ignorant how W pro- -. -r.AbBr8.iwi^i0imtes,*Jiii«j., 

teed," says tor. Barber «' atid Uhwilllng LLANTHONY ABBlEYi iS fcitttWfld 
toteturn 3 ot 4 miles for fW-ShiHStruC- «)Ottt lO miles n. bf • AbftkoAVE^^v; 
fions, Wi^'^iidly Observed a couple Of MonmoUthshlfe. In th^ deei>ty tetltttf* 
young women trudging ^n theilands in ed Vale of ^twety, encitcled by the bap- 
a directbn towards us. Jh^ P/opej^ ifehsdmmttsOftlfeBb^kMotintatli<itl«« 
place for for^ing.was now pdintedi^ut» w'khttbmeldcaldtllVHSatioDiy^badhllV^-i 
where, it was wid> the ^aior would e<i by the ctysiulttne Hblid«y. Itl^^tf 
scardely cover>joiir horse's k^eer] Vre ciMertian house, fdukided by Wkleei^^e 
deemed it most prudent, however, to Lacy, in 1108, «hd tfte^wtrdl ettdow* 



HIH . LLAMTHON¥ ABBfiSr. 348 

eAh^ieniXfhj MUo»«Arlof Hereford, with religioaienilniiflMMi and be m- 

Venerable and grand, but whoUjr de- ttandf ditcUimed all wotidljr enjoy. 
voUi of ornament, it partakes of the mentis— J. T. B«ber. This abbey 

Character of the surrounding Kenery. was rebuilt, and the monastery appro. 
Kot a single tendril of ivy deCbrates the priated for Augustine MoqIls, by sir 
mauive walls of the structure, and but William de Lacy, in the year 1 108. 
« sprbkling of shrubs andiigbt-brancby The niouoUins of Etnas, now -calleii 
trees fringe the parapets or shade the the HaiierelMlU,nMe9hoye themonas- 
brokenlra^enu beneath. Theaieaof teryof Uanthony, and join the Black 
the church is not very extensive j the Mountains of Talgarth at Capel y Ffin ; 
length is 212 feet { the breadth 50 1 and 
it measures 100 across the transepts. The 
roof has long sir.ce fallen in, and a great 
part of the s. wall is now prostrate ; but 
the view aiforded of the interior, in 
consequence, is extremely grand and 
picturesque. A double row of pointed 
laches, reposing on massive piers, sep- 



or the chapel upon the boundary, near 
which the counties of Hereford, ftneck- 
nock, and Monmouth form a point of a. 
nion. 

On his way to CaicusowtLL, mr. 
Skrine entered the opening betweea the 
mountains through which flows the 
Usk. «Here"sayshe,"Ifirstviewed 



at^ the side aisles from the nave ; a^ the small but charming territory, of 

bove which, divided from the gothic which I afterwards became the propfi- 

fonm by a strait band or fascia, is a se- ctor ; and I must risk even the imputa- 

ries of small circular arches : an inter- tion of partiality, to bestow a well mer- 

mixture and arrangement of the 2 forms i^ed degree of praise on the transcend, 

ivhich characterize the earliest use of ent beamier of Dany Park and it's via- 

gothic architecture. Two lofty arches, nity. The houise stands in a spaciont 



rising from the middle of the church, 
<till sustain a massive portion of the 
tower. The grandeur of the western 
front cannot be passed unnoticed ; nor 
Rooking over the fragments of the choir, 
the fine view of tlie inside ruin seen 
tlvrough the great eastern arch of the 



lawn, beneath a thick range of spreading 
woods, which descending from a great 
height, form at last an open grove, cov- 
ering an abrupt knoll, immediately o- 
ver it. Above these, a fine mixture of 
pasturage and corn-fields stretch up to 
the feet of the mountains, which rise 



towef; neUheris a small, chapel adjoin- in native sublimity, and are crowned 



ing the s. transept with a well-formed 
engroined roof to be overlooked : the 
transept is remarl^able/or a large nor- 
man arphW;^y whici^ led into the s. aisle 
of the choir. Since mr. Wyndham vis- 
ijted thif abbey in 1777, the eastern front 
has fallen. Many portions of build- 
ing- appear in detached heaps near the 
a|>bey. churqh, particularly a bold arch 
iq aneighbouring barn, which seems to 
have formed the principal entrance to 
the abbey. Among the^ the natives 
point,,ou( a low subterraneous passage, 
faced with tiewh stone, which they sup- 
poaja.to,havehadaconnec|ion with OW 
Cdsilet about 3 miles distant^ St. 

Da^d; the ahclt of kln^ Anhur (say 
ancient tog<6nd9), war so ". struck * wkh 
this sequestered ve^ess;ihen almost un- 
eoascipns of a hfiman; fidoistep, that he 



with the perpendicular rockofl>«ir^w^a 
(the prospect) so called from it's almost 
unlimited view« Such is the southern 
aspect. Towards the n., stretches a 
charming variety of enamelled mea- 
dows, watered by the Usk> tq some fer- 
tile and ornamented hills. Towards the 
w. the Usk, emerging from the moun. 
tains, which bound the vale of Breck- 
nock, passes round a high pyramidal hill, 
and dividing the village of Llangattock 
from the town and castle of Crickhow- 
clly flows rapidly through>the ivy-arch- 
ed bridge; while, on the e. it glides 
more gently between the verdai^t meads 
of Dany-park ^nd Coitrt-y-Goilen, to- 
wards Abergavenny, which. a{^>ears at 
the distance of 6 miles, at the bottom of 
the vale. 
The following interesting Inscription 



^Ua^lhapei on.the spot,'and passed for a Monumes^t intheVale of..£wias, 

VBmf years mi it as a hermit. . William^ by H. Soiithey, esq. may appropriately 

adretrainec ; of the fa»rl of Hereford/s, in ne introduced here. 

th*.re»gft/CiC..WiUiw* ll^fus, being led «*«.•*..?# -«-.-,. *h»^^r^tmn^\,.t 

Died. the hefimiaEe...Thj94fiepsoluade ft^tMyiiitor,odhwhemiide 

Qf^be.placerand;th9<myv)i>^Qm appear- !tehenaiiap> mo mots fals food, his drlak 
aiM»plA»Aii»44iAg^nsp]i«dtQiiUli^ . 



349 



LLANTRISSANT..;l.l«ANFAIR. LLANVAIR. 



a^, 



ofHomMf^OMamiiqtftlPMii, Pffp^lium tliy 

youth . . 

lias read with eager wonder how the Koight 
of Wales, in Onnandine^ enchanted bower, 
slept the long sleep : and if that in thy veins ' 
fiows the pure blood of Britain, sure that blood- 
has flow'd with quicker impulse at the tale 
of Dafydd^ deeds, when through the press of war 
liis gaUant comrades followed his green crest 
to coDquesis. Strahger! Hatterel^ mountain 

heights, 
and this fair vale of Ewias, and the stream, 
of Honddy, to thine after-thoughts will rise 
nore grateful, thus associate with the name 
of Dafydd and the deeds of other days. 
To Abergavenny, 1 i miles, Wyndham, 
— Criclcbowell, 7 piiles, ii^ne. 



From Coity, d miles, Barber. 
LLANTRISSANt, Is situated near 
the summit of ,a cleft, in one of the 
high bill^ which bounds the vale of 
*■ Glamorgan. It is only by a circuitous 
8 road, of fatiguing ascent, that it can be 
: approached. One narrow irregular 
? street, composed of poor gothic habita- 
r tions, makes up nearly the whole of 
z- this place. Little besides a lofty round 
. tower appears of the Castle, th? vestiges 
■.' of it's outworks being nearly concealed 
:. by tangling shrubs. Within the pre- 
L. cincts of the castle is a neat market- 
< house and town-^hall, erected at the ex- 
if pense of the earl of Bute, The Church 
[« is a large norman edifice. From the 
ii cemetery a surprisingly extensive view 
>.^ may be had. This place unites with 
C' OaerdifT, Swansea, (&c. in sending one 
?:■ member to parliament. This district 
s abounds in lead ore, the property of the 
r/' marquis of Bute, who islord of the man- 
or. The principal Inns are the 
Cross-Keys and New Inn. There 
is a good road from .this ancient town 
to Pont y pridd, 

To Pont y pridd, 5 jailes, Blngley; 



LLANFAIR, in the isle of Angles^a, 
i& celebrated as the birth-place of Gcr^ 
onwy Oweuy a man infefjior in (alent and 
genius to none which Wales has prQ-» 
tluced. He was bovn in .X722| ^nd di^d 
in Virgin ia. In . ^e . Church-yard 

is a modern Ca^nedd, composed of a 
rude heap of stones, which has proba- 
bly received the family of Wynp^e: for 
ages. It is 5 feet high, 12 wide, ai^d 18 
long^ In the centre is the stump of a 
large q^ tree, worn with age, and \xh 
wards U^e s. end is a gigaotic yew. 



>w^ch haviaig overshadf^ the dead for, 
several centuries, is itself dying. Ttav 
entrance, according to the old jewUh 
cvistom, as well as british, is guaitded 
by a stone. 

From Welsh Pool, $Qiles, Erana. 

•— - Newtown, IS mileS, Evans, 

Cann-office, 7^ miles, Skrtne. 

Dinas Mowddwy, 20 miles. 

LLANVAIR9 Montgomeryshire, u 
a small town situated between hills, o» 
the banks of the spreading Virpwy. 
This river abounds, with such a quanta, 
ty and variety of fish as justly to cmtitie 
it to the name of Amuis Piscosus. The 
inhabitants of this place are said to eib- 
eel in the unmanly practice oitpewinfi; 
fish. 

On the road to MoNTOoMKBYy4mile9j: 
occurs the Castle qfQiereme(m,9^TQmsax 
fortress, of which there are few re»< 
mains. On this track the botaoii^ wiU 
observe the Omithogalum luteum, and 
Carduus eriopborus. Four miles fur* 
ther is tlie small village of Berluvp 
which possesses simplicity, with con* 
tent and plenty. The little Church, the 
parsonage, and a venerable mansion at 
the termination of an avenue of aged 
trees, the seat of the late Arthur Blaney» 
esq, (a descendent from Brochwel ya 
Chythrog ; who was the parent and 
friend of his numerous tenantry) form 
it's principal parts. 

On the road to M all wtd and Di NAa 
Mo WOP WY, distant 16 miles, occurs the 
village of IJanervul» which consisuof 6 
tow;nships: Uyty^^ Coed^Tahgf Oyn-. 
mwyU^ Cr&n, . CevA-%#^«cAa, (kvu* 
Uyt.ua, 'The church is dedicated to 
Urvol 3antes, whose, feast is kept oa 
the Sunday following the 6th o^ July. 
It i^ supposed that the stone monument 
in the yard was erected to her memory. 
A lady descended from the Herberts o^ 
Llysyn left a legaqr towards cndovi^ing « 
free school. Upon Moelddolwen, in 
this parish, is a fortified camp of an ob-i 
long form, 100 yards in length. The 
entrance is on the w. on which side the 
ascent is easiest. • Upon a hiU neat 
Ll^ervul is GarddeUf a diminutive of 
Garth, i. e. a promontory, a fort. It 
i& a. circular rampai^t* ao^Votkifi an area 
of about 70 yarda diameter. ^ Jt is ob. 
seryable. that the entrance into both 
these stroqg-holds is broad, and left 
open on the most apfce^ihle part of the 
fort, seemingly so contrived aa to let in 
the scvthed chaxiota. There it another 



0^\ ^ LLAKVAflL 353 

•iMll g^rddiM up(M MoilfdhAh.- fn c«pt for piodaciiis aadiifli; btit eeif . 

MaetJemytien township, i» a smsM^n-' On the bordert of JJanbryn JIf air stands 
Ctttiptneot Oft the top of a prcclpi<?e, the pool of Uyn Gwyddhr or Llgn Cad. 
efic'losed oA the accessible side with a iver, a britisb proper name. The pool 
high ditch: over against this, od the it of a rhomboidal form, and about a 
summit of Mopart,^\s a ditch full as mile in ciicumfcroiice. To the w. are 
large as OSa,% cot'across the hill, by very deep hollows, thiDogh winch the 
way of defence against the incursions wind sometimes drives the water in a 
of the enemy from ttie mountains a- rapid torrent. One mile and a half be- 
hove. Another similar ditch may be yond Llanervul is CxNir-oirFf ex. Two 
teen on crossing the vale of the Banwy, miles further along the Vymwy riTcr, 
i!«ar Rkos y gait, in t\\e parish of Llan- soon after crossing the Twrch, is Garth 
ervul. Near Lbnervul, is an uncom- Beiino, a township included between 
monly ancient mansion-house called the rivers Twrch and Banwy, contaio- 
Ifeuadd wen. This was the seat of ing about 44 families. Tlie Church is 
Meredith ab Kynan, brother of Gruf- dedicated to St. Tydecho ab Annyn 
Judd ab Kynan, prince of N. Wales, who DdiKib Emyr-Llydaw. A well adjoio- 
served the princes of Powis, add was ing tlie chnn:h,caUed J^umom Dydecko, 
termed lord of Rhi whiri^th, Coed-talog, Ts constructed for a cold bath, and some 
and Nnitadd wen. The present name virtue is ascribed to it in curing the 
Was probubly given to the new strac- rheumatism. Pins in great number are 
ttire, for there is a tradition that it's to be seen in the bottom, thrown in as 
(h)mer appellation was Llys Wgan. offerings. The mansion-house of iV 
The brook which runs by is called y m^en, in this village, has been the re- 
Nint Wgan. Below this house, on the sidence of some of the Llwydiartfa fam- 
•i^eof the road, once. stood a stone, ily. There was lately to be seen over 
whereon was a cross fleury, but it was an old parlour door, an inscription of 
lately broken by a silly wretch in search the 16th century, inv 15.. Near 
df treasure. Adjoining to Keuadd Garchbeibio, when the new road and 

wen lies the captial farm of Uyf^n, bridge were making, a stone chest was 
sometime the estate of Icuan ab BedO' found, but the curiosity of former ages 
Gwyn, descendent of a cadet branch of had robbed it of it's contents :' the Ud I 
^e family of Neuadd wen, whose name was thrown aside and the chcfst filled 
appeals among the bards. This estate with loose stones. About a dozen 
was purchased by the Herberts, ances- more cariieddau, itom 50 to 60 yards in 
tors to the efarl of PW-is, and was the circumferance, areto.be met within 
^side^ee of some of it's branches. In the d contiguous parishes of Uanerftdy 
Che church-yard of Llanervul is a well Uangadvan, and Oarth beiblio, besides a 
called iypnnon Ervtti ztched over, and greater number of smaller ones. The 
a channel is formed to convey the wa- chests or stone coMns are placed in the 
(er to a spotrt, where the votaries per- centi'e, where the cam is always more 
formed their devolibhs. On the Tirum protuberant. A circular range of large 
in this parish are 3 pools. Liyn y grin* stones are genei-ally pitched on the end, 
tfiyelcfirft, (the pool of the withered tnM) outside of the. heap; and the stones 
fOytirdsover, issftid to be unfathoma-^ contained within, are piled loosely in 
^le. 'Uvn'hiy (the long po61) is about circles about the tombv and the inter- 
SOOyards long 'and' 50 broad. The up- slices are filled up with lesser stones, 
ftr'pkrt iy skinned 'over by the slotigh Some of the cams are covered with 
br6ught dowti by the floods from the earth, as that at ^aitf 6r^,and another 
ttirbaries abov^ r so that sheep can walk by Ty gwyn, in Llahenrui: S6me are 
tipon it like a quagMi^. Tho* itgainr klmost conic and al)proi&ch nesar to the 
at thifr end, it loses at the other by ihi^^ form of a tumulus;' sudi as that upon 
b^aticig of the waves. Opthe it side, the summit of 'Bn^eh yfeAoeni The 
in dry'^eaions, m^y be seen a flat stone stones bear markspf ignition, iAd nodi> 
iMCribed'METl^ (430. This ston ules of quartz may be found among 
Hes T foet frbm thebuhk. The prbb: them, reddened and made brittld by the 
Able d4stanfee'i4rhich the water has eni actibh of- fire. A very large stone is 
^toacKed siriiie iti date The bottotti plafeed endwise iilrithin 10, 90 or 50 
^ this pool is fall tyf ftyots snd iitumps yards from each cam. Where such ar^ 
of tt^et. Byn v bt^l (the fehepherdi wanting theyhaye been converted to 
pnoi) ii f e«R»rk&ble on no fttctmiit tx* oi^sfnnt mei. The tmimli an^ tmn were 



063 LLANVAIR ISCOED,.:§^AWIfAIRy©QHAN. LLANVYLLIN. 814 

pnilMibty'tliie6inefalraonuif«»i9^rhe from the fftile wfetfok kad» firtva ^« 

ancieiit cliiefe, and theur iinme^i^tis de* place. 

jpendepte* The sepuUrbrp8>M tbe.OMa- 

monality are found upon i\us . btUs \ 

yfkw^ fin^v^ '}9 ia declivity, a slj^bt JtipU 

low i%ia.ho^&tK, aod the eart^ >^aped 

below U]c€ «.unallhiiloc)c of^aQ qMods 



Will prjictis playing at Qali 
It may be before Moodaj 
the pevil will have you ^L" 

The road to Pe^camawr svimmiit 



ioxjx^, Wh<?^ Jthese are opened^ a stra- lies on that to ^s3f. aver the foffi^t iff 
turn of ashes, blackish, or red burt»t earth, Weutwood, by a laborious a&^^^fc. 
is discovejfed. These sepulchn^s arc to After traversing a succesftioiji of iinv* 
be aefiji ui grea^^umbers upon ^ hill cal- iqu?lities, inr, Skjrine yeacjied qne of th^ 
led Pen-cQed^ Ui Llangiidvan. All these points, where tbey tejrmioate ip jthe vs^ 
hollows are graves, and their manner Pjf the^ Seiern, ^d crossing tba^ river> 
of burial was.. thus performed. The passed ^aii/crt66a, a pleasant seat of loni 
deadbody was laid t^pon the bare sward, Hereford, in his way to MoNjooNiiftirf. 
pUst^^d oyer with clay, and cbv^red To Penounairr juauait, d. i 
wixh dry turi ; a fire was then made o- skrinc. 

' • ' * ' * * — Uak, K)§ miljM, Wanicr. 



ver it with furze, wood, &c. until the 
?:orpse' was reduced to ashes, or so vhat 
the AipiXwa$ consumed, and the bones 
Dearly J>urnt : then the charcoal and 
ashes wer^ covered with earth, and 
'sometimes.' stones were laid ;ipbn it. 
These aficJ.siihUar barrows welreproba- 



From Pentn^en ^a^s, 3 mile^, ,Bingley. .* 
— — Abcr, 2 miles', i'ennant. 

iLA^VAIR V^CHAN umi^ ip 



jbly raised a thousand years before ei^ CaornarwuRhir^i is rema|F|i;^e,^r tkp 
Xher.r6«ian or saxon inVader qver arriv- beauty of it's site, and tt^.eariip^^^ .<|f 
ed upon the spot,— Cam. Register 1796, tlie vegetable jro^uce ; cocfl, being ^ 



p^ 382, 

. To Montgomery, 12 milc^, Evans; ^krine. 

— Mallwyd, 16 miles. 

— Dinas MoWddy, 17 J miles. < > 



Frooi Diiliaia, 12 miles, Barber. 
-^^-h Caerwj«ni,.S miles ». Wamjer } fifcrine. 
•r-*- Pcnsepod Cattle, 5 miles, Cojv. 
-. — Tinteip, J^ miles, Wyndhara. 

XXANYAIR ISCOED CASTLE, 
in Monmouthshire, is situated on ,a 
small Eminence, about 2 miles from 
Caerwent, on the road to Usk. In ap- 
proaching this ruin, an' effect, caught 
through Hie in^tervep'ing trees is pleas- 
ingly picturesc^uej but the castle aspires 
not to grandeur, and is much concealed 
^ypmhowering verdure, yet examined 
nearly, l^rge feundatiohs ax6 evident, 
jind the walls arp no. where less than 7 
feet »n tiiickticj^^, A S(|ii^re rinll two 
round towijrs ^ru the* itiott canspipuous 
|eatwre> in the ruiA which is in part 
moulded into a farm house : t lie area 
of the J>Fincipal £ourt is emplDvetf as a 
kitcWasardeiv JScn^ath tht: cajJtellat- 
ed emijit"r,cc is the village church, a 
$im{)lerj.istic building. The visage 

cem^t^ry is b^yndcd by ihe Eurrl^i^e- 
roacL' j^r* Warper gi«cstlid foll6wing 
staozai copied v€tbattm et. literatim, 
13 



weeks earlier than ^y other in Walef. 
Probably this forwardne&s proceed* 
from the situation, rather than the ricla- 
©ess of thj? soil. . inawQod^^li^ 
Cbarf /m are circles of st^ne,. «Dppf(fe4 
to be drvidie. 

To Aber, 2 tbilesy Bi ngley. 

-^ PemnatfAHttawr, 3 milies, Pcnatnt 



F^om Uanrhaiadr, 5 miles, Wyndham i Sktif^ 
Llangynog, 7 miles, Pennant. 

LLANVYLLIN, n a market town 
situated in one o< t^e pleasant vallies^f 
Montgomery shire, ifirsc incorporated %y 
Llewelyn ap Qryiiydd, in the reign of 
Edw. 1 . It is governed by two buliift^ 
chqsen annual^. Many tomwi 

coins have been found here | notwith- 
sUnding, anti<|uanan« say that it was 
not a roman station ; because the Bri- 
tons did not preAx Uanot chuteh, to 
tjhe names ofroman cities, but Otfcr, sig- 
nifying fort or fence. The assertion 
that the aocient-Mediolanum was here 
is therefore generally disbelieved; mtd 
is coajectored to have been s^Meifbd, 

About a mile •N.'' of this place 4S'£&4^- 
fach, foriherlf belonging to the K>yffin8 ; 
sittlated in a valley, admirably cukitv^t- 
ed, and watered by the Ciiii.' Ttie 
town and ohwrdi- of Llattvyilin, happi- 
ly fill one angle, and- vary the view. 
Six miles to the tw. \%-]Jmfdiairih, a 



355 ULAN Y MYNACH. ^ 

laqgeold hoose, seated in a bitty naked TheniadT»W»M3i Pow-ltoAtongli 
Gountrv) formerlythe property of the a»aUey,a»er aBinfifcteBt n»ad. A- 
Vaagiiaia,de*eended from Aleth Hen, bout half way. the tUent and deep nva 
king of Dived, or Pembrokeihire. Vymwy it ciMied. 

Mr. Peoiunt passed on the Oswestry- ^o WeWi-raol,1Sailes, WyaAna; ftnt 



road for 4' miles, Chen ascended to the _ Nevtoo, iboot 16 miles, 
tight; patted' near Bryn Gmgn, a seat ^^.^■../•^^^■^■^•f^r^ 
of the Mottyn famUy. above which ,^^,u^,„,,,5j,,aa,pe««»ts ««Clej 

it a citcolar britith pott. BJany of ij,ntiS»dr, lO milet, Mofley. 

these firont the low country, as if to O m tt urt 6 tula, Warner. 

protect the internal parts. Ttere it a ^ MYNACH, (fbe Tillage 

very ttrong tamwrt^o defend a patt „f^*J^„^„) ;, .i,„ate<l on the wS- 
mto the vale of Afe^ARJ: the church and ™„"^^ ^^f Shropshire, on the 
^rtUagearetituatedm the middle which J™ttofS^Vymwy. ThUparithcoo- 

«ndMah«it half a mOe broad. Three j j,,,,,^,^,^^ ;s^,W,. the first lies in 
paruate bounded by low hiUs, prettily f^f^^^p^'of Dcnbighslriie; tbo 
'^"ftL^'^/^^TT:^^^' ?wo^a^^cparatedbyO».dike, 




to have been the archdeaconry of all f^^Xod and LlandyslUo. Tte 
Fa^land,and that it had 8 churches ^^^^*„rvigableh.iteinthe 
betidMthe pretent. In the pnncipa^ wS>o^forbargltof40or50t<« 
«hnrchwere inteired the pnncet and 3™^ aualtitie. of Llano^ 
g«at men of Powys , at JIfad* ^ Me- burden^ ^1^^ «nt hence to bS- 
ftdgdd ap Blyddyn ap Cynvyn, prince «« »"^ ^^ ores of lead and 

ofPowyt,whodied in 1160, and wat '?' ' J"**' ^jfT 'Tl^edbv U^ 
coBve^ hither, and the noble Grr ""J''"'!|TSS^ M«d^ 
Jyddkaehr, lord of Bromefield, who P°« *^,^,^S^^ ' 
•S^inllSS. N«fe,aboveMcifod, *«^»f ^^^^^1 about 150 »« 
twonv«n,bpttiof the name of Vym- J^e^^j^°e„^£yedinl«imingli« 
wy. umte. Upo" » «f P ^^„f^Z K S^nmSeaton, and ilwin- 
oneof them.ttood ;»J«tAr«»a/. once the ™t^ nUing and breaking the stone. 
s<»t of the pnncet of Powys, now only ^^0 n ^^B coppw^zinc, tod, 
a^armhouse. In a wood opposite, caU- ^^^^^'"u«x^b»^hta 

^^^A%Tcpp -rTt':iS«u^^"»^ 

beaceto Vasiell Dolfomyn, placed up- P^^- *"^ T^j ;«rr;^ot«. Aliout the 
onahighridkc of ahUU ahnost tur- -™'^-,Tome"'mS^, i^^^^ 
rounded by » wooded dmgle. At the J^" ' '°"' j . ,,,. _!™«^ „f ,hi< 
bottomrui^brookwhichfaUsintothc ~PI«='' f°""f.' "ketmlTwferK in t 
S«v«n,di.untaraite. This fo.tr«..i. |^^|' ^^^ mS a 'fi^P^ 
very, ruinous, and resembles much m ^^^ ,t vit/.hAt wiie ne;&r tfiem 
it;.U.nry,CasteUdin^bran. Ona -^X^.^Xad'aSlefof'S; 
moreaccessiblesideaaredeeptrenches, °"y4Snghisleftwntt,andabat. 

-cut through the rock. It commands a oeaas ent.iri.iiiis "'.*', - . 
fine view of the rich vale of the Severn. tle-a<by his V***- 3?%m oFIS 
[See Newport.] Not for distant U Ab. a number of ^ma" «^ "X^^S 
i,,«*«»,roldW .whichaf.«be- -if:Si.&^»t.:^^nJ^ 

. mgwhented by the Blarneys, the Pric- ?'^"l*"" ,^ "v^KAiL i-j«_„ii 

. «rand the Uo^dt, is poss^sed by the fo""<J ^J^^^ ^"T^t^^'-^U dt 
Clifioot. Defend inTthe ,«/. »/S«;-.en bracelet roui^d a wtit^TooU^udg- 
*r». and crost the river by a wooden ed to be toman, ba*|>^^ *°^ 

. bridge to NcwiQwn. . .^ome of w^icb ,ate P^rt^tved m theh- 



SSI IXAK Y MYNACH. 358 

bnrybfflhJHewihorf Ereei'SoNK^ One thie bank of the Vyrnwy, once stood 
glass bead and one coppei coioi were in Cwnreg Hwva catiie, of which no ves- 
the possestioo of mr. Roliert'Baagb, of tige now remaini except the foss on the 
this piaee, whi9 keeps the inoof the r. side. Historyconuins^tle relating 
CnM»JteySy the ingenious CBgraver of to this place of refuge, save that in the 
the Map of North Wales» by J6hn Ev- year 1 162 it was taken by the two cous« 
aos, e^i. of Llwyn y Groes.' From the ins, Owain Cy veilog and Owen ap Ma* 
summit is an extensive visw oy^r the doc, in whose possession it continued 
piains towacds Sbfewsbury» on the x. ; 25 years ; at the termination of which 
and on the other side th^ rugged coun- period it war betieged by Gwenwyn- 
tf of Montgomery. The Severn with wyn and Cadwallon, when Qwen ap 
it's tributary streams the Vymwy and ^fodoc was slain. Within ha& 

Taoad, may be seen psoceeding from a mile of this castle lies 6»erii y v^^ 
their respective vales» and at length n- where a battle was fought about the 
nitiog and flowing into the rich plain year 1202. [See a statistical account 
of Shrew^ury.. At a considerable dis- of Llanymynach, in the Cam. Reg. for 
tance, when enligbtened > by the sun, 1795, p. 265.] 
may be seen, the glistenihf* water-lall When at Llanymynach, mr. Pennant 
of Pistyil Rhaiadr, on the left* are the code to the Neto^bridge, composed of 7 
fireiddio-hiUx, and in front the Ferwyn arches, over the Vyrnwy, about 3 miles 
mountaina compose the distant horizon, above the ford. The river it confined 
The plants on the rock are lucfa as in- by a milUdam, forming a fine reach. 
dicate the prescnceof cafearious earth ; The overflowings produce a {sretty cas* 
as Anthyfiis vulneraria^ Ctstus helJan-< cade *, and the views upwards, of small* 
themum, and Rosa spioosissinia. valliet and hanging woods, are exceed- 

Oa the w. side of Llanymynach hill ingly beautifnl. Passed again by JL/on- 
runs the rampart made by Offialting of dj^io. Traversed Dongai^wmmofifand' 
Mercia, to divide his country from passed through the village of I/<sn(lr«mso; 
Wales, called (Uswdd Ojfk, or Qfa*4-dyJe€, went over the bridge of 3 arches. Cros- 
ivhieh commences at, the river Wye sed the Severn and proceeded along the 
near Bristol, and passes along the coun- feet of those massy mountains Breiddin, 
ties of Hereford, Radnor, part of Salop, Moel y gotfa, and Cerni y eoMl, On 
aDd Denbigh, and ends near Tredddyn Crew green, far to the left, starts up BeU 
in FUotsfaire. This mud wall was the tii immni, 2l round insulated rock. Be^ 
line of separation between the two neath lies a vast extent of flat cottntry, 
countries, till about the conquest. The part of.Uie great phun of Shropshire. 
late ingenious mr. Evans, in his survey The vilihige of Meverley lies upon the 
of N. Wales, discovered, that Offa dis- opposite side of the Severn, near where 
continued his dyke near Treuddyn in the Vyrnwy falls into it. Near a small 
Flintshire; and that the foes, which is brook quitted Montgomeryshire and en- 
found to terminate on the Dee, near tered the county of Salop. Visited, a 
Basingwerk, has it's beginning at Maes« little to the right, Waiitburg catiie, aa 
bury near Oswestry, about 1 mile be- old house, with a square tower still 
low Offa's dyke, from which Wattstay, older.- It lies upon the roman road 
now Wynnsuy, had it*s name. from Llanrhaiadr yn Mochnant. A liu 

Parallel with two other dykes acrost tie further is Loton, an ancient seat of 
this hill, rmis a stupendous rampart of the family of Leighton. Not far from 
loo^e stones, with a deep foss, which the house are remains of the ancient 
follows the brow of the hill and encom- mansion or castle of Alberbury ; a tower 
passes about, one half of it's extent, and some walls yet exist. A little to 
This was probably constructed by the the E.is Routon, the seat of the Listers; 
Romans to guard tbeit* ores from the formerly possessed by the lords Strange 
plunder of the Briton*. Upon the eas- of Knockin, who had here a castle* 
tern bcow^ofthishiUonce stood a Crom- Turning towards the Severn, upon a 
/«A,mBasming;7feetby6,and ISinch- lofty bank above the river, at little 
es thick. It was taken down from the Sktamnrdine, saw avastartifitialmount, 
vain desire of searching Cor. treasure, in the former site of a castelet. Upon tho 
^hicb state it lies.. It is thus that ava- opposite bank is the village of Great 
ricestimulates men even to overthrow Shratiwdine, Only 3 or 4 fragments of 
the altars^of the gods. • ^. . the castle^remain. • The tiver from this 

Abo4tftinilQ»N^.ofUanymyAach,ati neij^ihottrhood begins to. grow very 



tiil9 JUtMf X MYVACa M6 

beamciftik The b»tfVt are eknntei* 4 Sltin:Mimrf^, Alfomti taif M7 it 1 
tso6 m.inaii7 placet cloatbed with b«i0-* hiKh rack <rf led free-Mooe cfiilled i)» 
iDg woods. 0»tlirottgh the village <of Hctt Cklff. in the s. e» side ef tbii 
jfiivd. L«avt on the ri^ht iXii</€v«nd nek thcie n 8 aivCf caOed M^mmim^i 
Ondm, Upon the v. tide of the rlver» CSsxre ; froo* hmng oeoebeca ibe it 
ott»deiightfiiib4ak,arethevUbge«nd treat of Hampkie^y toe of R«serK^ 
ch«tch.o*' JUhn^ford, A litUe farther tt aston^ of Hariech cattle aoA bit bbc 
IIIoDt£ordNbfidge. Shiewtbocy it 4 ceoifiaiuont*. 

miiet ina direct line frota tfait piaee^ On the mad -n WBX.se Peoi.,cnB 
but pfeferlred (aUowing the course ,oi the Vymwy, . a river fatnl for tbe 
the viseri tempted by the pledtiegeess cariety and qoaotity of lt*a fiab, I7 a 
of Itie tceiiery. Crosted Momlofdi* feny,or mo^e^wceitoa^bif ilieAav 
bridge, timied to the rights oiter the hridgt bcf6< e*w e e tioned> PaettbRn^ 
Perry» aM fat- aAMveit't jmoKtienwith LkaAdityAia, a tnudl ▼iltage»eedaEJD. 
Hie Severe^ The hamlet of MUkm, \. e. tervais. cirost the Moncgoinery cdul 
OMddle CotsrK^ liet in the midst of a At the Neir Quay on the Seveninioci 
narrow neck of land between the two buiinesi. if chfned oa^ • tr i— cc ib i 
fiveii. .The Severn here makes a great ine v^iew o# Mdd^-g^^ the higban 
tteiid,iaadforroB»iiponthe<^poftite:fttAe,. peak of the BrcMdm waoqinmt, on 
a pettui8nla» With, to very narrow aeiitb* whkhr it< placed the pUlat cNKted 
itiiis, at to occasion it to be called the to the memory of Rodney^ In ap 
Ue <^ Up RatsM ; being eDtoompasied pioachiDg Welsh-feol, fftie mealfj k- 
' by the river for the ipace of 5 toilet, ex** comet imore ikh and beaetifeL Od 
eept at the entrance, whtfcH fermt a. rising ■gronnSI to the left aeaods toe 
neck of only 360 yards in. breadth. magnificea» ttreetere of Pcnvts Cis- 

JPSilsi^ the parilh church of IdiMoRy it. rLS. 

ieated at a thort dittanoe^ upon an eafi*. Mr. Warher thok the aids eC the cas- 
sieBce. A large expkAatory moent it al to Wslmr Posl« which oely iaaes- 
eoottguout. From a field;. at a httie ^d the dittaece 1 mile, and relieved 
diseaDcefrooktIiechurchryMdyttatnost bim» he sayt, *' fironl AouodetiR 
beaettfiil view of tlie Severn^ whieh tbraugh aShwipthiretttrtfpike^otd,^ 
fitfS fat beneath; when addted to^ the sdl pobHc wayt»the mott abeniinabie.' 
so t i O Bti di ng scenery,- it formsoneof the At the distance of 5K miles^ iaanaqoe- 
inest views thits country can boast. d«ct of great ttrength over dw ma 
l^s by the upper and lower B^ntkkt Vymwy. ^ 

both commanding most deticioos viewt At about half of the way on the nud 
of the river .and town of SfraeWssusY, to LcANVAia^it the vilb^of MtiM- 
whteb it euiered> hence tbreogh the said to have been the archdeacooryot 
Votth-^ate. Powy»-laod« It had foratierly tv? 

Oh approaching OswkstsTy 4 ffliloft, churches. [See page 355*] Thcpm- 
on the right is a rtdicuhnisly spletodid ent remaining church has attac^ied ux 
bnck-bmldtng, intended, not for a ptaiu a cemetery of nearly 9 acres. At En^^- 
pose which it's exterior .secflos to P&rtkj or gateway, and contigsos 
I^rompt, bat for the abode df the in*« fields, ia/bourershave^ at dilBBreattinio. 
digenc, and wretched. 'T is a sferange discovered causeways, foundations 01 
pervertioi^ of common sense, made by baildings, floors, and hearths ; butss 
Qstentatjun and . foUy, wtien elegance inscription has been foand^o develops 
and tfaow become the conceafanent of it's abstruse history, or to atcertaun the 
. poverty and dittress. Convenience, propriety 6i the appeiatioa of the Mec- 
humility,' and obscurity, should rather iolanum of the Romans, with whk^ 
disci^iiish the dwelling of the unfor- some antiquariant have hoaouied it. 
tenatet whether their circumstances About 1 mile above Meifod is JE/sii* 
be desived frbm their own crimes or r^oo/, once a splendid place, now a ^ 
from the. ciimei of> others. house, erected upon the tite of a state 

On the. .road to Shrkwsbukv the ly castle, which occupied nearhf^iaGrei 
l^wldxn hihf.-vgii^f for a few miles in Powys^landv guarded o«i ene side "» 
00 the ^ghr. ' At the distance of 4 the river VyrnWy, and en the other ^ 
SMlet it the Village of Knookim, The> a vast rampart of itoneand eartb» wi:^ 
MaUwasthe residence of the fkmily of adeep Co8taad•a.lligh.'kee|»atonectf• 
i•'£lin»lge,.who built the- ftowe; Four ner. The original fovtrets^aceDidiiif 
Inkles, Netfcliff&s 4» Moesfottl^biidgoji saCatadigc^ waibuiltby Biihumtpo* 



Oei LE14IIOHA&KE. ^MB 

44^^9^f»'«ip'i9rwsiili { Jmt king |ob» imtiiWhoif^ jired^ii!^sftt8«iH>f. so-flar 

y-vfwlk: » flr<»UQfll>iQoat«r«upppie44o hwMe j|b4M ^AtoiLsniml K>ii»K»tLy»i9vlM«ooe 
iHlimra 9^i«ifirr»tiKti90^(i^^lU>9Moft. r f» nraf iei^i^ make >hii ^ays^o ^iigii». 

>jK^n^i>Hj;Ki^»^K;.^^^»KL^^ paaQe^5.macMt)<Usuat£pom<lii3ilglgiM|S^ 

* 9Kik«^(KiWH>. . . I «^. : J ' '•!> . .1 18 anlatoi»lQxc»yiati(«ft tofttfM^AhcPVfll 

' *«44w;dbMby^ utiles, ittikSfk' ' •:■- ' whicii /nul^ia^oiaU.EivutoWtSJMljtbitce 

. ;-4>ft»<ieapiaBhhffii,i .i^iunile*^ Doinf>&s liiMp^ears' toUi k mingkt^it^i iVVafeflC* 

- . ft»«*i»u. . .♦ ..::. vith tbii oceaoi. iMter w*iicb ;hfi>Mr 

CaeiniaHh^fi«li»a,isoneol>«heiiiosri6i idanda;:aK:iiib» Akkty^ of.Wkitifi 1^99^^ 
€{maMAt»oimMKbM4i»i^^€<^tiveA-, fonbdaa, acfiDtdwg to Speed, hf^hy^ 
ittwdhlftWWt^d bf<K0j»wl»"4deft:aA «P TiieoAoiv to 108&, aodAecww:* , 
«tCpfibfttiCT«feeiitett|ihiitirf#wAUiwi^. bwrud pteee .fior the f*incesh«»i4.fih«fr 
ffamft*^»»'i'<ea|>ortv Tlie^SJterthw tawa nrfiSonth Vfttoj aroot^ ^wiwrt 
torge;1tetittU(»«w, dvid in goo«<:&«i«*t'idn. «rat»Oadwaiafler, son of Rhi»r^p:Q«rtf' 
Tlkt '<f'mirft6ttiiiht upper fpdxKot «lie li^,ilWflr. ^Othett/say i« waa tujltlv 
<*liar€h't<*»« ^v^ncty.- Bcnlard,<b»liopof,8tiX>avids,:wiiodied 

Th»^H*kb}j^!I«i«».tf<»Mnmai!edtfc« about !*« yea* 1148./ Tlui»W>^waa 

Cttttte^.' '• • caeciefl«|»on *he«teof'ja'h«Udrng.of 

a<»etawfl«^<3r«ritfteTV«iy e]t««nai¥«; gwater aatuittity calkxi Aiba Domuaor 
-rtbfgtAemiywtfilgftg'ft^Wli^^feWfeBquc in '*efah afjr-f »»»» «'»i^,;the«ttii|iw» 
tlfttottsiilliMl/ hftd a ttdbl* d^fjfect -towards retiderfc* of ^tfie gce^t CambiUn :ietl^ 
tfeet<«rn:'^ltjp«itected'ffietv»e»ternfeni Urtor/ the Juitiiuan of Briftaim *w¥ 
ttattite<*r«S«'AveiiTAlr,whi«ii»fatd. Ma., 3t jWasFihefcithathfiKf'dratfd* 
fMektfe^^^cn- 'tttfe Wi4ida<i6*af corfeofilaw»ifo«iid«d/Q»lirt»rfiiMWu«i^ 
^MdMti^ ill jMttrtlnaitfiCMtf i^UsIA tW edcwtomf, mrhiirtiiiaf bcemiiie ^-ondiar 
^*»«klv«hittteJ*ut is, do"idHtes*;df high of. 4atiar ;|gm>ferr their wifdow. .nirtdr 
antiquity} it was occupftMy*tt*!w6fo- ofcaswan* bHwanHy. This:fio*l«mfl» 
Wy buiiPb^'thelkirBttiiii a*d«ieamilgs of l»wa:iv»s |iu^>liahed by rWpnon fiit© 
on their cw»^*©#t«f«he8e«att9Vtefter- l790^«nA».!fee tkleof ^Cyfu^b;** 
wai«i,ihi«fteyfeaff«15/ilx)W«bwieged Hywwi Ohdfcacewil ; wwlewaWaWwj; 
ttidt^etfVLlev^elyrf'iiteWdsays, ^dflieHiaiticviMfit cijril«,:.«oeU. fioni 
"itlongid some timetoth^'earl of Nor- aUanun-WaHi* Priikipwm/'.v .fiowAl, 
tKuiSPifeehani.'"* ' It ishoVlhe property baanii« lived Jte^iioe b« ayftt«M i^Aesi- 
of the Ravt!riis<^oft family. '' islation .goiwrallf i neoeiv^rtmd. M»«i. 

The sands itt the neighbduifidoa of C^t^, ndqpBftjea . Aii life, 1a* id- »8j 
t]l«M8lwi^0j4Mr>l>onoV&M«3^s;^arebe. after « iong- ofijgyment of <ih& Jm 
aORW8d'Wi*«iicoiinnonraliettsv>ATt«t. apfkendidtbutmovcaplidhOno'^tiwhMk 
i*M4yio«itiife «Meii genuav'iW'the ape*- wsiOt ffwn #eac«, and ao,milw««A* 
tais^Siltqufci Anagtad,^EBit|, I/ftgum^n, cd atttoiMii do the comfoftfl «» «» 
ttAdVelkicidQa. Also with notiy oowwa Iwopie and the happinoaa f>t »••»• 
ahMfc oftteTemna, ahd'/Mhet gcmrra. kind ; flbe ivAiasXmi »njvwaljcw««m 
AlN>fiti<ih» ilw)fe sands which lit ^fctf*- vvhale lanritm vn^ ven^ation^id jiogrtt 
^»9^t<tatvaiPV(0Ms)geiM^the'pmtit when ^wri^M^iE^aii. . ^Otfwr 
ofti}aii|inin»,tiie«taelte4)IMaetfaili». amhoas «iiic,. Aiat beaidea th^jmiifc 
inp»^i»«c»wiA «n5at profwilonv .. : kxmmatmid<^ 9ow^I>ha/s»rt1|e jnm 

' A«li^dBivi^9iries fiPoittljkiaghaiiDe, ia M4>k cwnreiifid ifc»ia«piis* qkrgy^^iwft 
dM!i««Uigib«fdEi{ii^Mfot»for,«oftth6r>soiM«i>. JfigiMatnraQfjWaliiairtliiOBdrft^tialBtti 
€iiHiMak <tf 4he t^, TNd sdeaiery « ttheoJhmeft^f if Ma ancieiMriiaini, iHiM 



968 LLOUGHOR. 3» 

edikvatkm. The latter it Mtd to icatfcl ertothe iile of CaUf ia Venbtoke- 
«bottt 5 miles from St. Clare, on the ihiie } at the latter i »mnt i iaii pa> the 
right hand of the road leading thence pi c t oreiqoe wtei e ae d town of Tcnbf, 
toNarberth; aad the former neater the romanticaUf hnilt upon a tongoe of 
great turnpike road. AtWbttlaad^ aocfc pwojectingigto the aea»«eemaMsi». 

mr. Donovan deviated to the rightdown iag ftwn the waves. Froiik the graod 
a narrow c^rt road to a forge» wheie he amphitbeatfe«C this baf, the«fe roasn 
fbond the scattered nmneantng frag>- overawideexpanseof%Ga»totheaboies 
mentft of ^t^iid Abbe^, inpnuired ofSoflf«rBetandDevon,iicaify^50nu]o 
within the bosom Of a sequestered vaU distant, faimlf pencilled cH&thke boiizon, 
ley, shelieredlrom the >f« and s. winds and terminated by the advaaciag swell 
by a range of hanging wood. He sought o( Lundif itUtnd. Further 'weatwani, 
for 7^tft0yn,butwasiMisaccessful. In thesea wtde•s•infeotbeAtlatltic-oceto; 
« spot on the opppsite side of .the Nar- numecousbarks in the bay, oftea sailis; 
berth road, from the station of the Ab- in difierent ;rac)cs»areacTeatadditioo to 
bey of Whitland is a house which re- the prospect ; a large fleet of ships eo- 
taint that natne, but the building it very tering the channel at a fem me distaoce, 
inconsiderable. 'T is more probable, seems little more than diMk^ ipoCf oa 
addr he, that the palace of that great the glistening expanse ; thckmttmem^ 
legislator occupied the rising ground a« ble forms one of the mosj: fi^vag vor 
bove Whitland Abbey, where it is- said rine pietuiiet. FroD» JVtfft Jnn, (a 

a strong foundation and some leaden* 8ma)lc<^lectionofcottageaoiitbebeadi, 
pipes have been detected in> tfumiog up with alarge old mansicm laiehf modetn- 
the ground. The former spOC might ized, but seemingly of tlie^foondatin 
form only an appendage to a more im- of EUaabetb's time, and wbexe Uiereis 
portant building. ' The only frag, no house of public accomaatylatioa, as 

ment of antiquity which seems locoo* the oame would impjly) tli^ remainder 
nect with the Abbey is a stone fixed of the road lies among nwnerous col* 
into the wall of a neighbouring build- lieries bekMogiqg to lord Mili^^rd. 
ing, upon which are sculptured three OntheroadToNABBERTMytbeoountt; 
scutcheons of arms. This: vaUey^ once partakes of litUe variety tiU itbededivi- 
the peaceful abode of the mild -and se- ty of « bold f welling hill near Taven- 
elided Cistercian, now resounds, with spite ia gaioed* and ip, wet yfW^bct the 
the noise of two iron forges. > A few road is ^unc^minonly bad, the'-eeil be- 
miles from- Whitland i* the mountain ing of.a spoiigy argiUacCKmt kiod. 
■GLMasn-Uwydf where cfoins Of Csssar, There is a.turnp&e nadffsnfkSf. Qart, 
Domitian and others of tberoman em« westward paaiing tbroiagb: Wiutiady 
pire have been discovered), an oval whicb ca^r^^iNavbef tb at the close of 
camp with a fossand vallum, marks^ a9mile'ss^Q, 
one of their statiofis. At a short dis* To Teahy, l«i atilet, Bitber$ ^kciqs. . 
tance, upon a mountain on the banks of — LUo S|«f boi, 4 nUct* MalMii.. 
the Cleddy, is acircle of rude staises, a* — Narbtrtb, 15 miles, D0110VW4 .Evans, 
bout 20 yards in diameter, called ilf«- . - Care>«r,, ipy.^ay of St. Clare» Ifl miles, 
sfMtt Gvowr, evidently the remains of a Wyndham. 

-temple for druidic worship. Hence i •^-^-^•^^•^-^-''^^N^-^-^v--*%^N^^^^/• 
wild country leads to KAaaaaTH. ^'^^ Ostermouth, 10 miles, fisrber* 

. The ToadToTiNBY'liesiiponahigb — $w<«uea, 8 mUes, E»»n«, 
^onndary of the sea, which is very in* LLOUGHQR, [in Weteb Xiwcbwr] 
terestittg, till the traveller attains the xbeXeucsminrof Antoninus and the 3th 
New Jnny situated on the selvage of Toman. station' on the Via Ju^ia, is now 
Pembrokeshire. In this progress ex- a poor village 1 but still 'exhibiting the 
tensive views, ranging over th^ Bristol ruined keep of it's castle, on a raised 
Channel are coatinualj but one coup jncNiot surrounded by a moat. Wtom 
. d^oeil, ^^High from the summit of a thitpUcethere;is a ford to. tbe opposite 
craggy cliff hung o'er thedeep,*' is em^ shore. But this undertaking it not al« 
inently atril^iag, magnificent beami* waystafo, firom the hollows which are 
ful. The whole sweep of Gaermarthen sometimes formed by vessels at low 
bay, wilb it's> several estuaries, high water. Thiasmali village. i<. situated 
'clilTs^ and swelling ^Aunres, appear be* upon^a tide river ef the same name, 
neath extending in one ditection to the which divides the counties of Clamor* 
e:ttiemepouitofQower,^diath^Qt|k tp^n and^^Caermarthen, 



S6Si LUDLOW. 96« 

Tlieibadro'LtANtLLTBe»Uiioiigti xmiisteii* Theitpnfrn ainl- Mshbom^ 
avesiottWooUieruu^landitvery indi^ hood is miich Cohabited by families of 
Serene .Ataulialf \waf becireQB.tlie ind^tendetitfociune.whoareatti^fiei 
ferd asd tbi& town, stands €Bpi/..MfiD|f» thither fiom distant parts, prphahly.bf. 
atniftllruiByfietmesqaelyacconipanl- the pleasantness and healthy siloatioi^ 
iedby^avyew-tree; and near it.tlieiie<^' of the plaoe^ The town ailbi4« two^ 
mains of some deserted iumacet*. . banks. . Th^ Cattle oE Lu^iow «tUl! 

ToUandlr, 5 Brftes, Barber; miA ineriistheiCpUhetof ."nobile,"^iw»ife 

' . < . ' by Giraldus ; seated upon a bpldw90(^ 

'^-^-^-^-r^^rr-'^^^^^^rr^^ ed roclmipon the nw, aogie of thft 

• .:...: town, at the foot of which runs th(^' 

From Bishop^ls €asde» 19 miles. , X^me. It presents a commanding ai«| 

LUDLOW, Ss a market toi)^ touch imposing objeet in the approach fr«|| 
'rioted on accQuht of it's ancient cfeleb- Jhe vale below. On the w, ri^ th« 
rity, situated upon a subordinate 4uih- lofty jiiU of f^Liiecbf, Accor^Wg to 
mit, in a luxuri^t district, on tfife south- Camden, this cwaebore th^a^ifeoC 
em edge of Shropshire. Mbst tff the I>»an and Uystwysoc. ojr the Prm^eff 
streets arewide, and weH paved; ly^ng ^^% Itis sttoogly^suiroundcd by 
indiverginganainclinedditecfMAsfrom Y^^l^i greatheigbt and thiclw>esg,aiw| 
the highest and Central patt'cif the to^rii fortified with rouo^ and squ^e m^t 
Churchyard, who ^rote during tfte •t^rtegnlar distances. Thcmte?io«». 
reign of Elizabeth, rem»fcs t>f this pwttnents weje. defendai on one sid« 
place ! < / ' by a deep ditch c«t out of the ^i>c}i.t^m 

• * .! ... .. the other by an abrupt precifki<>e:Ovef^ 

« Tb^ town, doth sUnd most part uponan hill, booking the valfi of Corve, ,T|jio.castl# 
b«il^yelUndfeyre,with.treate.V4largeand ^as divided into two sepamt^Wt*? 
theW.*iich,whcre sttaangthilodgfe St wfll. ^ ""^f^* properly spwking, m wjiicft 
As long asiheretlfie cotmeell ImM abide, ^^^re the palace aqd lodgings* «ndjLh« 

bothfihesftdeleaiitlieMrtatebareslltfaroaelKMit, outworks called the Barbtcun. Tl* 
widicMMJHtscteere.fctrfioleMnewaierspriDgs: i>«tworks took /in a large pomp^s^ of 
«ad whe tliat HMato walke the tirinie «bou<, ground, including th^ coprt qf jw^^ 
dbaUCodthenemiMBersiie sod pleasant things; t«re and records, stables jmd other- q£> 
but ckiefty theie the ayr« so sveete you liave, fices, gardens, and bowUnr-green. la 
as> no place ye can no better crave.** f^nt (*f thficastle;i$p»ciousplaifiejKtendp 

Jfo lusteric records supply any account edi^miies. It^s walls^ by some* are |a^ 
of this town, prioc to the building jof to have been one milis in compass^ but 
4he castle, with the history of which it Lel»nd in this dimension includ^ those 
is ifituiiatftly connected. It was incor- of the town* J^ mn a pabli<;.:Wal|c 
poiated originally by Edward 4, and is round the castle iVas laid out and plan V- 
at present gbvemed by a i^ecf^rder, 2 ed with beeches attht^ ej^pens^o^ the 
.bttliffs» fi.jAstices, 1 3 ald^nnen» 25 countess of Powis, which have Qow»t- 
comiiion dnnncii men, towofClerJh cor- taipqd at coRsl^ahle size. The walfjk^ 
onef, and. other inferior ofBqers^ The are formed ^Dtirely Yound the ca«id^, 
electton-of the bailiffs is att^ded with and are resorted to as a fashionabir 
considerable magnifioenpe. • .A day of promenade;. Ouithe side opposite the 
feasting and conviviality soon after- .towfijur^seepvanoiismeanderiDgsofthe 
■wards takes. place, succeeded hy balls Tem^^ Oakley Pask* the celebrated .Caer 
in.boapur of the bailifiv, supported with Canidop, and the CleerhiU* Theorigin- 
.vnoomroon'splendoar and expense, to .al formation of this structure* hatgener- 
, which are invited a numerous and se- ally beep attributed to Roger de Montn> 
lect company of the nobility, gentry, gomery, earl of Shrewsbury, who came 
and tradespeople $ who here admix in into England with the Conqvieror. The 
the mmble dance without distinction of date of it's erection is ^^ed by mr. War- 
rank, Ludlow sends 2 members to too to the year U 1 2,, Otliteis say it wa* 
.parlian^Bti dected by the common erected b^fofe, the conquest* byEdric 
boif esses. The principal tradp of the Sylvaticus, earl of Shr<^sb^» whofi 
town, consists in the manufactory of Roger de Montgomery* was sent into 
giotet, in- whi^h a considerable num- the Marches of Wales to subduet and 
bet of persons ar0 employed; it has with whose estates he was reward^ by 
however been often remarked, by cr;kv^ the Conqueror. Hught the son of Rog^ 

ellerS) Jthcoat^in am unufual Dumber of er d^ Montg<»m«iy died in tli«L primt of 



wi Lxnfuamr 

urn.' liw^rflfldKm, Raben de B(Bte»« tookpiMaitoi o€ ali &• 

ibe, eirlof 8hrewi(rary> haff^Hg jfAmi aid tortauml Duna^M 

^liepavff of Robert duke of NomiiMidf f»m,mwtrWKtaodtfm^ 

dgkibit It«i»y 1) the cattle wai forfeit-' oil ol <dite'^c*tie. Ja «te«.l0di }fmt id 

ed'to tfa(e crown; Becoming thu* » Hewy6«>tfewla mpaaas^iett wf fiidi* 

j^ifucetyrestdence, it Was gearded by tt hatd-^iihe^f York, wlB»-4Kcwr up a 

AttltteroM garrison. After the accet- afiected-dedaaatioo of jUe^aade to the 

atom of Stephen, the govrnkyr, Genrage king, pwtmifyn§ t^.bia.iiQmF of iQJOtiQ 

Fbganeile, having betrayed his trust, 'm men was for the purpose or promotion 

joiAiiig the emptess Maud, Sieplleii be^ the pol>ric i^elfar^ Tbe eirakt of i 

Megctf' it) in which attack soanewritertf commotion between the royaiisuand 

ky He tueceeded, and ocheri, that he yorkists,wltfchwd»tfaed«feft^<»fltkb. 

lilted.' The most prevailrimg opinion ar^'irp^rl^asatteBiptyUw^^kfiowa. 

ia^ ^hat Pagfanellc, repenting^ wished to The castle Qf.Lu<tiow was tiien pluoder- 

#bti^t6e king's forgiveness^ and ofibr^' ed» tho troops seizing on eVej^r. thing 

editfCif)iftolate;toWhi9h^tQpheiireid^ of vaioe^ The k^&g jAeat hither the 

iiy acceded a-, d^ 1 939.' AboM the yiear dmches» of York, with ber .twio^youo^- 

I276rH^ry the Sd presented i(^ with er-toiis^ ^p J>e kept jai w a yc^, acfiO mp ani- 

fM» dti^^ Corre, tfff Filfce Fit2-Waf- ed 1^/hea sf^r the datc;iiea$;q£ Bock* 

lAe, o^ de Dman, to whom succeeded ipghj^^., f be castle was xifext}Nit into 

]iittB»^66 Diaan/ Between the iattit tt^s poasesaiou of £d warddfuke of ITork, 

HM Hygfh d^ Mortimer, lordof AXKig. afoarwariU^ing Edward (he ^,) who 

more, terrible ditieikiions arose, li then resided at^ the castle of wigwoK. 

Itgfppene^,' Mwever, thtft Mortimer kl On his accession to the throne he le- 

Hritif^ Abbut Whit^liff*heathy was ani^ jpiaii^ the castle, and A^iallte^if'ifM; towt 

MlMtf and seised. He wa* conducted of hh son', the prince 6r Wdi^. On tbe 

fd tOdfow Castle, and^conlined in orie deat|» of. ^dward^^his ^dest aoii ws 

t4 1^ towers, which to this day' Is caU- here proclaimed kijng, by xbe siame of 

led Mortimet^s-tower ; whence h« was Edward 3th» . The younc monarch aarf 

Itol I2b4tfated titt an immense ransowie his brotlier were, howevaa,* aoon sett 

^aspiaid. [Thistowerls now occupied for from "Ital editle^ by ibtfiriijfpocnti- 

^s a n^^house^ the ahcrent window! t^niiMe,fhetyMmIikhjr**'WlHosooi 

6f which have been supplied with mA- disp^ed of ttrese tenocttitt eMttM^es t» 

-;erh enlarged squareonessstnek in- with- his ambition, by foul afitf ' tntottoad 

out order, obtrudmg on every behcMdifiir IflMvdei. Socbeieipioffriicsvyf, 

'^iWkig efllgy of depnved tkste/ 9f tyi< eideiM'kM^'AithMfvijioeiir Walo^ 

thopropriidtor would allow it, asmati kiftabttedtheeiMtiey^ndmBiaMCaii^ 

tMsscripfiOi of the inhabitants ii«ig^ ^irveof AHagdn. Tothiiie^antaaoa 

^pe^dliy rescue this veiierab4<6 towe^ aucfge^teA the untiditl^ and . I im tsii id 

Mi#the gross batborlim of reMinhrr,b^ deathbf^iit'acc»!«pUsiiect|>aiBQ& He 

-ittbVlifUting windows adapted to the dfedfn Ludlow CafttB,4Aprfi % t5M. 

'^VAiling architecture i^tho' building, ili^ bedy,>aeeording to Syn i d ^ wavbnii^ 

Tm side 6f this lo^er ftieiiig'the towii ed^n the cathedral itt tUorMata$ ia the 

46iiMfbits no Wmdow»» tfue has bfeen «. i iifl^ of fhe (thoir, Withoait ioyiMOrip. 

-Mpted to a FWe8'-Cdurt.J * The tiOh. Tradition soyt that'fttt ftowdi 

'«sMle wat again aicachetf to tNe ctown w^et« deposited in the ehinoel^ L«d- 

'i» iftie- 8th year e^ kifig johfi.H^hopt^. l»«(^cmiiK:h,iad thathikheariyMbtBnr. 

rieifted it to Philii^ de Albitiai n^m Gdinalead6trbbx,waatalteniqra0me 

WfiojhritdesGendedto«heliaeie90fire- tinMr«go. Tliitacooomdofi^vvt^ome 

lih^7 Walter de Lacy; the last of the ctem from the following laistatioa, 

fMhilf,- died without ikSffe, and be- wMctris givieiiifi Hodges'a ^Hiatoty 



^ueati^ed it to his grand-daughter llfaud, of Ludlow Castle." *'Oo 
' th« Wife of Peter de Geheva, or j^ne- grave in th# ctiaiicel, seMi yeiit wg^ a 
^ma iPolcievhi .of tftiteNhouse of Lor- te:i)ef«fttMrwlts taken upilldibld te^ Or 



ouseofLor. leaKleNfttMrwits take* upiild Ibid bsft 
tliS*, ftoni^hose posterity it passed by gi^avedi^gef to ^obeM ntt,«|ilmilber. 
ddKtrgRMVeftfae Mortimers, and fVofti This c4fean4icaKiee«^icH[ng tteHearlog 
"Oittk HecdMe hevedittfy to the ttown. Of the «henMiitdr» mn Frnte^ the bek 
' m the'^rtof Henry S, it, was sef^M M4l\tH cMkeKW w^n< vepttivhaioi and 
V Sil^dfide Mdntfot^iearl o^ Lclcefc- restdrod uilepdined t#«Mrlbl»iclr'sic«a. 
ter, the aspiring leader Of (he confed. tfOh.*^ k^Heiine oPA ifj y in ^ «iFid. 
eMteAhatona, who, jllrirtft^lheye2» 1383 ew of prince^ IVAhtfr,w«MnitiM «y bh 



999 jxfmjofm n^ 

I moAm HtttBy^B|>mt rffrwM»iii»eiter Jans :■ iSMii Z^-,.. . .1 m» omst^oC. Jhi 

ed^ wd dMftMlLtfnbolteliTni^HilntiQCv MtedtetivBi ak^lhcd^ jiMlrltorldris 

^efeiilttfl4j8ikt80pl|^i (Kl^^mabBmrn ^ratiieii4i*wemditooiitiBiMd iii'tSMa. 

long'tfae^aUoto ^ ih^f^oeoi^WalBi; firodi tUs pctriffdnaT' berbckonedfthq 

and wtt>«lflo.iiie4i8toit4tio|iidf faik deptf dooay oitte caadcw^ NaUtagergmrdstt 

i*ttes^ theiiiltds piMidmifa .ofiWUds; l^dvena^evasd^iitidirintiiaofjtocfi 

who htddin 4t tlieco«rtcof.tbCrMtaliau and the intaititaRti k^rad^k^ the spoiif 

Sivficiwf^idtiefj^VhoiirBtBiiUda.ldW ofdt's«urliiiB'«M>vaika^« «tfii«n|cnAt 

]i#etidenilx}£r>tkie ttsudiei in . Wbte^ in Itfs. tateimble roetuts^ititi .nofai fi^^nii 

tSiS4s r^prnted-iiti'Mnig thmi^ adcortti iBCBti$lhdiU^<ftiiC9kBDmi^aiivra»f(n^ 

log. t» K&^qU^ jbi 9nichf dttaf ^ i ) r iiHo pM^ mnsactdM^ >ipd piimdcvRL . \Takt 

^ied at tlw> ]»itbof».*« pfllaffe. kL!WohneB2 tfutough ''Ooete/i BiOai^iy' iquned^dftf 

t»r,A.ali£a6,ifRljwikiOQAT<iy9d2t)iaiBii Qtoto.*] ^iWlaldijIieiqiviMripBlity^oant 

tohi»hoitse!al;Pcii$)uiir4tki[Kentiwkeife Existed, BmXir .ox^bfied iSx^' loemaH 

lie VB9«m#rred^"»nBiiepteviau»:tD<tii)M pom of St^wardi < hif li^iidifS'Mm 

hi^ boweb n^ebutied ito<the:ildAifr« wtore pissed iiL'ajrbom. drvt' tbej^dib 

chapcdmthoxrjiihedc^i cfyit£h>oisWm^ wiiytif: thir Cattle^ wlteR^ihctii^jpdrt 

cesttir; aod 'b» beaftWM brought >dl |rf*>''Hddibi^s^^w3»i«lMcni SbBooM 

lAtdlow '§ncl« dcfposiltd in. .tbdi nhm Anti(|uitiblypidstttlM;;iQr. 1^> vIub^ 

iomb withiM deftriy.*behhreddiifis^i probably tdmainddt tonkin afs,- itisii^ 

AnxifaDrQila,«2WMQ2otbe iittl& oifatBrf sertedbttiat>(^niaB7*])6'lhcr.M^>tapin» 

which he iiM iomdliaa tho chmth^ * A tmm^ word aittrd ; ;«M««^oiid,<beJV«it 

leaden .vrn^ idid;tQjbes;tUe iainetai«iiie)i .^eeclMiigings^vialradinerfatiaiiiie vteM 

Ixmiained'Mt heart, iwnkilatlSiy uDthe |Kiesitvvi9d/.« ";Q<pee^wftie Xf e o fe a bdiR 

ipbitosiee e^«dward CbteAnd^ U^I of Itoe «Milie> tOtie, repil>«tfciQtt the ebttsjld 

Leoeumtc^. iKiwia,jil)Qitt.:6-i«ihcfaB9 ^aridclbis'ACbciUiap. ^UdiAg.4taorilil| 



ideep^anddinKtes inrdtaiDctori stetb* Jfatnitttsftfttnidie eS ttw inncAriMiM 

top.) TherMltf^ingitiaslrripfinB 5r«d «t. having abtifildaiicvpfeottf<tf mil 

^iponk. . ' • > ; .r < ,.;>iiii..;a -vftoiitliepflinneUiaaa^aiel^lMBOQcaM 

niaaiTBTniTAtti^E OFif: if •) with8itfrihiromxfnafmii>atidwithiaaot4- 

- «T* HCNteva 9IDKTV LiJ, r> ' speiirs,fire,locJcs,^p4.pi4 s^tiixour*. ,The 

:A]i9rQ-«oMi3«»<1586. 'V >i < gingular fori][>) ^pj^ foiclent sax^n decor** 

. A^v|iriii|jofi thkurAis sivdtiiin.tht atious oF this cbap^^eserre atteatioiu 

fidntieman*! ..Magasine, vok jhn^ Churchprd says, '* 

Pi-W,^«flLfciFft^^ «I„jt^^;^,^\heV<»fc»aieherenBna»'d) 

^ejted tfoB^ . tbk «»nb ot Aihbvosia v^ ^ ci»appcIUs «^^ Jttjn* ivoi) ijoiOjr s»r»^ . , 

Liidlfow:lBhdi8h'liiltD'^e iiessC'ssioiLbf so bravely wroii^ht» so &yre and finely framM 

Inn ColeinqDyr. the -cdmintef otanet that to worlds end; the beautie may endure. 

learn. ^la H 1 6^ Uw c^eatnib ^ J»»at tte «i«i9«49e4rmt» i>^ 16(4^ di^t: 'T 

princeCharlet>4aCttofi!teditingCh8rlbl <^f^V*i<»n»l»^M»*«>f«»y^<?<*P!WV" '' 

preadmadan.;aL Cbnaa .in 1634^ wbeife Ji^ Waiter :Lacie>vat.iiwl owner efJMlf^ 
4he ead ofiBcidgewl^er was lord^tesX- jkefv^QMOek whoieeneef -aie thecey iMid 
dem». Atorn^tli.MOUdrlestheUt,^ ^0 follows the «eit.4»y order ai jm 
4fig to.pay a vine at Powis Ca^ths; wlifc jnay reade»" ; A . Uift 19 then gtveii, bf 
here splleiididi)r.i«ceived4ndtat^tafait. tto author of the ani:ieii( iotdt of ,«b# 
ed. But ** pomp and feast, and revel- i9»«He^9ndleffl»pffe»ideikUofthe«uwoh9> 
ry, withmafk^'andp^qurpage^Q^ry*' ^ty ^iiose ^rms were in the chapipt 
were soon succeeded in Ludlow Castle Th^ number Mnonnta to 44« He th«# 
by the Hsi ttf'^^s, pMtiti^ the tisti^p. •^ontfl^det hisa«€l>imt(olttiec9t«eli^tll^ 
ation of CroAfiweU it Was garrisoned in MlfdiwiDg wondA*' '^ M«ht M is to be^ 
behalf of the' king, tn the sununep of 4i«me4» that -sir Hany Sidmy beMHg 
1645, a ibrce jC^ neftrly dOOe hoise Jind Aok^ President bnylt ,t9 roomer in..^f 
foot, collected from the garriaens of ^tifd oaatle» .wbM goodl^r bu^no 
Ludlow, Herefoxd, Worcester, ;md 4nihehet»e.agre«t>be«itiefotiteniipn. 
Monmoutb.wer^^featedbythepafli- HeVDideitlso.ftglwd^wiriMsQnaderf^ 
amentary acoiiy^neffr I^idlows and the iMacbUfehew pwiory Md r«|Ni(ffM'Si» 
castle Wtt atfrrendered on the 0flk of •ldlo!W«v»il«IM>Moit|Vier'ilowerfr^ 



k^eipietheainieitiKtreconitultlM timet wfaeaceHicf mde^fitqoeBbincnnisos 
gtad he tepmfted' ziftjtt nrone under upon the bordering'inhebinnci ; occa- 
Che dbmt houierto thfe tame entent and ikmed this and nuof other cuiie» te be 
pdrpote, aadmide a gveat waU about built for 4he defence of the conntvf, a- 
thevDodyiffd, and built * «MMt bnrre boot the time of the nomiaB conq^iest, 
oondtt within tie inner coort: and aU whence the pocMtMict tnllieil out and 
tbe^iewe huildingi oferthe gate^ sir cjuteodingly aioleitedtfaeMRelah. 
Harvf Sidney (inhttdakiand govern^ When the title of M^vdn waa eztn»- 
«nn(tthere)madeandjetottttottaiehon^ faiahedin the BBonatchf: of ^he whole 
Ofuvoftheqaeeneand^orieof tbecaa* isle, the name waa stillTetaiiied in Oe 
tle«'«' There are iti agoodiy or ttaiety oeontiet bordering upon Wnles and 
flace set out my lord earl of V^arwick^ Scotland, from the saxon woad mearc, 
armes, the earleof Darbie, the earieof npnfying a note or nmrk. and, by wsf 
Woaeetter^ the earle of Btonbroke and of common tpeaking, at last i^iplied to 
aip«iianySideeyftarmes in like maaer( boundaries of counties* Hence origi- 
«Litbese stand on the left hand of the sated the title of imb-Aferdhcn, who 
Ahember. On: the other side are the paocured seignorities by thenatine o( 
itomet'oC Northwaies and South wales» their ponquesu, being anthciriaedbefe- 
iwdied lfODS» and tWo golden lyonl, iabythe.king. For the KinssoC Ess- 
ence Acthurs, Attheendoftfaedym- land* perceiving the diffieoltycvfefeci. 
ing^ohamber, there is a. pretty device ing the conquest of Wales, efiered to 
Jkow^he hedgehog brake the chavae^ ieveridof the nobility and gentrjr the 
mid.% came from. Ireland^ to Lodtoe. gvantjofancb distsictaastbey conklK' 
SSfaeve-it >in the haU a gaeat grate of ime cure. Their heirs^weie alao peimitted 
d^a'luige height.'.' Over several to hold the lands thnsebncpaeredyfredf 

to^idbftAiable doors siM remain the atml per .bardoiam» with-'the :enemae of 
i£ fiAizabetfa and the eakii of Pembroke. floyaL jwitdtction. They weie there- 
Over Ike iooepgateof-the castle» are fore styled JLordf or Baraos Marches 
the .arms 4f.the< Sidney family, very euf But this title was inherited by assunp- 
|ise^ With the feUofwtngrinscription. v tion and permisooDy not fay grant; 
"' i.«»*Y*TY«*T. Yi.T^; *.r.e T^^,rr«^,.t. ' hcuce . thc* tenure of these conquered 
"' * Att.^.,. .»«» «>w^». ««^,»- ' lands were 'prceartoas^ as they were 

-, LAPlt)ES. ANNO aECNI REOINiE fc««„o«*i„ ^,^^ -^.Iim k« t^Utf^JUh 

• ELirABitkJE, 23. THE 28 year SS!!^-^ *! '^^^ • i ku 
coPLETOFTHErREsiDENCY ^''^^ disputcs occasumcd tmplacabk 

(^DrStRHEkMSIBNEY K^^^ ' hostilities, Util the aboUtiOD of the TC- 

V orsiii HENRI SIDNEY, KNIGHT . j^jj^^iijjjjj^ inthcJUordi Mafcbcs. 

_ OP tBE MOST kOBLE ORDER OF THE KtJ^T^^m^^ ^V^Z^i^iJlh^, 

*' *•' cabVfr »V > 1 "iRi Hemy 1, asanve of .»mbra4Le» being 

• °^*^f»^ 'F^- <=• i^8i- much attached to the,' prosperity of 

Mr: H. J. Todd; in his very learned edi- Waies, effect^ in. part what his son 
tion pfCotrtUSjSayi;'** A gentleman who iJenry. 8 cempteted, the « Junction oi 
visUed the castte IVi 1768, hat acquaint- these lordships with the pioper^ of the 
^'d'me, that the floors of the great Coun- crown and the incorporadcn ol Waia 
ell Chamber, were then pretty eotire, with England. [More* enlarged a> 
ais was the stair case. The covered -counts of the hiatory-of Ludlow may be 
^eplB leading to' the Chapel were re^ louod in Lelaod: inCburchyanL-; in 
^»^Bing,but'theeoveringoftlie^hapei Todd's edition of Comus j in theLod- 
was fallen : yet the'ittrms of some of the ^ow Guide, liold by. H. Procter ; and in 
td¥dspresidents,paiinted upon the wallif, Hodgea's Historiieal Account of Lud. 
^eere^visiMe. In the great council lowCastle, sold byW.Feifon.J 
ehamber was inscribed upon the waU - ' 

^^^assaeefrom 1 Sam. itiii^ 5. Tradii. ' ODE TO LUDLOW CASTLE. 
4ioti «ifs that Gomus was peffotmed in - ", ., ... ,^.1.1. i_^ 
'iui».m^^ t\t,^ ^tA^ JLLm ^c txw«^ ^^^ P»J«» 'hat rcar'st thy boary heady 
tills room. Two ^elder trees of tetge |„ rux^^^, in .Uence dread, 
^WWth, stand in the hall . From o»er Teme'h luxuiihrit vale, . 

Ihevalusiblecoliectiooaofthesamegen- tiiyiiiois^growal»!l«, thy prechicti drear, 
flyman, mr. Todd WM- fovoured' with to matimg Taney's petnive ete 
several eurious extracts' telatiog>to the ■ unfold ic varitd tale. 
<eajAvhlstcMyofthei<?a«le,and iCa«ott- mentenferstaik'd^iepttAtnitetaad 
tierioft >with «he Marches. The Welsh • with aatage Cambria\ rathless ban^ 
«r0t 1ieliqr!<'<^ly<cb«iqueted, but only beneath thy fhrnninttiiada, 
^Ven into uie iadttntalo0us part% " ■ihDbdwtdithegrsitx»orditp|si% 



318 



JBXEBUOfff* 



8«l 



the plUBdMed, heipkiVpMiit tr«ii,:T 

From yon higfc towei'lkc aRJief drew ' ' - 
.witftrteady1iitMitli0rti^toMiiye#) ' '> 



.. CheaiMtodhtMinhMr.Mrif* .. 
. witfac|^te4l)flpi44U|dt»9lMeifg«r» •* t r 

Iiihip|pkriiffp>.tiowbsiglMlybltacdr.. n 

how,iiiar tbe.vauUMi hilli, 
.wl^ii;imoaJt\i',<j;tt ^aAt«,,wben cafc w^ 

when songs and 'social glee went round, ' *^^ " * 

• "wheire now the l*V craids. 
' /. r -. '; ••!/''■•>,.•«•'• • " .ti 

.^ rr i»p«8tl th^;»a)rcbcr»^ princefy couft, 
' the strength of war, the gay resQ^rt, .. "^ » 

in mouldering sitence.sTeeps i 
- ' and o^r the $pli(ary scene, . ■'* ' 

'while Nature haHgs' her giftendrf^grtfeii, " "'' 
neglected hiimoff^t^fpk. - • * ^-^ 

" • The muse tt)o weeph (n hallowed hoy r •' '^ 
'here sacred Milton dwMI f^erpbwer, ''"'*' 
aodwolieto iiobleF'MB^; » ' '^''' 

tlie wifliNMshiAcd^vfleieknyedy - '-^ ^'^ 
■.Aert&Mlhcpuivmftlirliuld "tn m ^i 
' fi^ued ti»?«i|*fA«red ihnniB^ • i iO 
-• But dsel beiieith ^ott shaAered fadf ' . re* 
. wh^ftmoiildf <Ja«eraft sucHbeam prao^} r>(> 

wiAaouthinfeotioufryawoBi . ■ .^ ..^r 

O t sight «f drea4 ( , ; ^ruthlessdopa j .-, ., , i 

on that deep diiogeun'ssoUd gloom , . ,„ 

nor hope por day-fig^y^iawn^. .,, " 

Ye(there,.i(t^dn|giht^ sleepless houfy. ,{,; 

while boisterous re.v^ls.s>ook the tow^ ^ 

bedewed widi di^n{» forlorn, . .,. ; 

the warrior captive pressed the stones,' 

' dn4 lonely treathed unheeded mo^ns, ' 

despairing of the tton^. ' ' 

That too IS pa^ j ulispilring Time, . ' . 
' stemminer of the tower sublime, ' " j 
it% night of ages broke, ' ' 
freedom sad peace with ndimt snile' • - '• 
IMW carol •Kes (he- dungeoo vile . ;^^ 



Pnmd relic ofthtf mighty dead? * 
be mine with shudderfaig awe to tread 

Ay roofless; weedy itfll, 
and mark with Fancy^ kindliiif eye,' 
liieBieeMadagetflitidingbjr • 
^ thy feiMialp9in^f«c|dl* 

Peace to thy stem heroicagei t :■" 

DO. stroke of wIM uohattowed rage 

assail thy tQtteiing form i 
we Iove« when amilpi ^tuming day, 
in ckmdy diaunce to survey 

the remnant of the stonn. 

From the ** Atbensum,'* vol. 2. ' 

TheChofdiMaliicge crnciiboM strut- 
ture, placed npoii the high^ett pevlpl the 
elevated grotind fonl&iiiK the ceotse of 
the town. . The fai^h tower^ ita.vetf 
pronaLoeot Objoct ia every dfpSMxiU, 



The ^pper* ptMrt ofttWu^Hlf^lfomL 
inenfiBd with stattte* of^inimi, ftchat^ 
]MM>vhitr ohaoxioitt tor the officers of 
Cromwell's army, they were mtitilaeed 
or'destroyed. Qneniieittng-ithe cbnreh', 
W light gothie ftuted snthes appeat 
■on. each tide ; -4. similar xmes of massy- 
diffiensions, support the >fcqwer»,. The 
iBSceUent orgaft cost lOOdi. antt iwai 
presented by the late Oeoi^ge EdwaM 
JSenry Arthur, earl o£ Powia. : Under 
the tirgan gallery it • the : >€iiilraooe tD 
the -chancel, wluch is now only used 
forthe administration of the sacrament. 
This- part is: finished, in th^ cathedaal 
ptfk^ with 13 stalls on each.> 8id«^ 
th^ seats of which ail turn baek^ exr 
hibitthg specimens . di uncouth de» 
5!icest Some >of the glass painted 
wSad»W8<are. in- good presertaeioiit 
tliat 'over the -altar^iMecie.Tepfeiencs 
f^fhisttwy^of Sci Laui^ce, (ter'whom 
JthO'. church is: dedkaied) in 56 cooi^ 
partments. Thaiedestgdl do not heiwv 
e^et : appear to have -{>os8essed.Bnieli 
mimt^ and' they^ have'4K«a.in}«red %y 
the I /broken panes *being supplied hf 
jcbmi»on glass* .In the "waU, nekrlihe 
fthur, rare, two^ stone stidls, with ■ a 1H*^ 
cinfi opposite. : > In the chancel afe 
.silsQ'the following monumenu. ! 'T& 
.^hetnemory of RobertTownsendaadhir 
wtfe^ with figbres o£ cbeir chlldre» 
-Konpd the bottom; above, are the 
•arms c^ the family^ bearing date 15$1. 
To Tbeopbilnai Salwsy, esq* 1760. To 
JVttibrbsia Sidney^ (daughter to SirHca^ 
ry., Sidney, Lord President) who died 
jn^ littdAow easftle in the year- 156*. 
Tf><4Mr Burn V619, To EdwMd 
Wares and his wife, kneeling opposite 
^.each other. To Edmund WaUer, 
i»M)4 cfai^f-justice. of three shitet in 8. 
WjiOea, 4ic/and>4oMb«a wife» danghur 
of Thomas :HacUttit of Eyton, esq^ 
3fft.noQe of 'these .moiwments are^r^ 
Bi9idcable for elegance or beauty. Ih 
a Qhapel to the left of the chanceil are 
.three paimed windows, oontaiaing. a^ 
439aipamneaes ^itie aubjiects taken from 
.the:livcis of the AinmUos ; with n ros*- 
ry. In this chapel i&an elegant marble 
tomb to Sir. Thomas Bridgeroany tei- 
geant at law. Somewhere in the 
church h enterred Sir John Bridgeman, 
the httt president but one of Abe ooon- 
^tl of the marches of K^ Wales, whoi^ 
isftded at Ludlow cattle. Being eztveiii^ 
lyrn^inpumtshing triAing enmesJ|MB 
iin^soaed n-pevson o^aed HjA^ GH- 
linSftWhowasbeUiBiin^ft^thetowii. Sir 



$9$ 



^lifrdlleiiir.|oiiilrtdgittaa»aii4<iil*ttit, 
IM add tt.dM Mnl Aniv tote Mi* mk7Mf.» 
^fbK oppoiitscarteipoiidisig chafieUon* 
itf iis the rayal «rktit-ol Charln, and levv 
•ntdidirbttirtnory. The church' a«i 
lift C6iitiiigen6ier farm. !a reetorf is.tli^ 
lOMs'l gift «ilSouotiii|; to 300/ s- fOM. 
(Phif ctuMkhmcoc alaonipporu a reMU 
ktt It ii in the biiho^nc of Herefoni 
And the vobdeacon'g oooTtt am held 
lwft«»'^ • AcootdiagtaLelaBH^thens 
iMtur formerly a church ''of St/ J«^ 

««ldttlS*MCllDut.dl«BftMRl^lOtWhkl| 

Md ff oollege with-a dean and faUo^fm 
IMuKhfr «oI)pge wasi^ituated towsvda 
due Uman mt Oorve.ftreer» (omtM^hf 
mubm de LndftoRRTi koight? and hM 
•f 'StiilMUCaitAQ^ of whibh«onie tMtag 
imaidi yet (wpfitatft, ■ > StuUolef >intiU 
<iMM kvlcU PnDr^ixmt^4>r tht towU'O^ 
tfM'vJstdei ( Tfaefe wetc vtidemly 
VftibrwmiaMAcawM a|id nuraatteriet 
id IwH^m a«d kft vicinity .• Mrt bf 
vte^ifatill femainitig wUh a «iiape)v 
-•Mifiigtidurt to^Mie fmrttiweuenrp^Rbf 
ikieJcwiltt.' " <"Adjoinia|:ehe'CtPi]i«h«. 
^iird is )(ti rA;tna£41CMM» ^ontataitigilS 
«oihftniiable «psirtiDeiiit« for aged 'wiiiii. 
«w| and ^v04db\t^er»v founded t>y'm. 



ThftCki i U H ^ Hk aii 

building* 'titosluid .m 1 
for the qmrrnr mtw'otm, jtec* 
Grammar S«Imn4' in 
founded by t ^i M M d 4i 



9K 

idero 
used 
The 



fcAin Heftier, anKfc«ianc; in the -year 
IMd. 'Itiin»riM»uttil9f thecMon^ 
tibnviithiyear VfMl 'Immediately 6b 
-mti MR. df «ie»Mi»rch; i^ a rati|;e of %Mld- 
fkkji) ndctia eottvc ahd gaie.way, once 
•Msd ai tt Coltege; andcDill HkaAtkk the 
Immr*. ItlKras^^tAibbtyvttiiclfMfotb^ 
^IMKtiv Whi^whs <Mieeac61l«KiateV: ' ' 
MH^r i\lhni4lobsei in se^mteioMtai^ 
•^syWifkn htllegaIdel»l0«ail•h^.«rest«l»- 
«Ma m^fJffU ^iMb'>bdt«0m ciT Cervcf- 
#!i%ek» Utiat ttt th«:^M^i5*A< ^ : > 
-IliaiCrtMi if W'hnidiomfe iit(«e 'bililA. 
(flig* >^e«d 81 «ie'flcvyk»r rnHM^mnm, 
tiM^ylttth^i^^il«rg<0fm^f0Wn. tPhe 
<rbom» o^r 1«*afe4{i)frapriMMl to a'^i^ 
4te«ldhMdi ftUptMMAIiy Mtmnary -iiib. 
-i9ftl>fl<ttfi ft>r ^JfNM|^b«jr« Widl5'iiodkr 
^l;fu^n«rifi>a^ t]wheA«iidi»iqitaita with 
-HMkft; iriie't)liyi;«'a'defi«ini«ige»vr^ 
ttiil]pT«ht6%d:»'«ti^ til smartl )lrelfiiifm; ;» 
*tHB Mu%^fMBdb»9> fe'tft^me middle of 
-dafftoitiRrdet, «he i«i<r€rcbiw mr mwm<df 

-mMMil;r xA«'4odri«»>'ftbe^ ;.AM0»bMl 

•^^Hi)rmilnll«iSM20f«l«r8Qr^dNMI^ 



Bd«»ftfegii. 
larclatticai u d imd i uti — d ftoyijaua 
for the «fii««rflty, tHef^reMh mid ItaU 
ian language^ and otiier aeodinpliih- 
menta aae taittfiiby pnipa^ im«nMn/ 
TheAraPS«li»twv««ip0eaMe prtrtte 
boarding^hoob for yMAk iMffiea. 
The Theaht, sittt^oibd^Bdli iCill-sCreet, 
is tnudl and it>,.^V^Qrf^|ieiesaiiti yet 
within it is (QQ^m^^qyl^^ 9f^ neat 
The Worcester coin Aany p^form every 
yeaf duriii^ ih<i Utci wi(fek, and bnce in 
three years ma^e a l^f of about tWo 
months. ^pii'.J^tiitQn hi aikd 

GoalfDr4'^ Tfflif«»/tt>» b^ij>«-c«»ed 
m 1764, upon ib«.«^t<i4(Mito«rer tocaU- 
ed. . . . ;riMQ; towA^Wi^ ionBedy mr- 
rottnd<^ by a wniyLDiM^ V; wl»ich may 
yet be seen itkymfimnfioifoo^; aad jer- 
en gates.. .Of^iimaewanC'gMeWi^ mdy 
remains at tfae tm t u mtif H i m M i mwi . 

Of the Uwrai»y«illMsliHMHii^l.ad. 
low» litttocante! a«d|f fntm Brnkudp- 
tion Ubmry, Wa»-iimtttw» c d la Smemj 
1807, a nxrni appVopHated^mid *llbia- 
rian i^^pointedj'wIiithV'Vho' slenderly 
encouraged at ih^t; imOtt jjadicious 
managemeht, promises lt61i^ successful 
and^hrmanem. tlia^ fi &teo a Itead- 
ing 9o<riety consi«ii[fg.t>f jibbim ^ mem. 
bers, who purchase. wWks, for temper- 
ary ds^ a^^ disppse of them the bc^n- 
ning or June in eyt^yiaar. . , The 
Racecourse, called Old fiel^ lies atibc 
distance of 2 miles; on the ^visul to' Cc»l- 
brook-Dale, wh^* is aU^ . r«MHcai^ to 
for aimiit« i^m 4ioir«ebacl(. . io curvicks, 
&c. Bmidet^diefMlMmakfepntn. 

inade round .<im cartic»>a*Mie fmblic 
walk called. Hacf^oit's 4EUoie, ihe 
H^^dHr^^fi^qsitfi the C3il)i«, M^nmch 
resorted too in fins weathttf. Xhiaem- 
inence,!qomMattdt mafly^t-vaiioBS, sod 
striking views. • ITIm Imbi^m^Wliit. 
sun Sports are still>k«ffnit>'fii'ft rtfmote 
part of the sownifMdtediOidi«gaii&*a i^, 
where twv iolty mai^upMet«nfr mnMal- 
ly hung from tiieit ttipl'to ivitliiii 12 
feet from thte grtyttudj with t«Hto<Ii of 
various coloured JStjiet, ditoosei^with 
gMat labour ah4 l5g«mi<y^ 

TWO hiiles Nw. of iLuclfow is Oakley 
-Atfli; Cte elsgont "Mif ofDoMagM 3^. 
sdyCllMrt;^ TllBlmia4»oliaiHniiiflfai». 
tnaMd'iipoftithe ftmki «f ikd mme; 
thiycR>tti|^M«t'-piE|t^traiitiin8 mmm fine 
Ttie firuidyMA^ ptti «l ubi 



numm^ k bf tuodeh^ oa nmn c ii an; and elemce. - Tbe upacttn^nts* cMh» 
ivhickl U well: ftmushcd^' pnd-coBtMBt tain a few kdeet ^kimvet by eifftnenk 
tome good piemrtVffalrtkulaflyeDe'b^ mastcfs. The dimiSg room occqpid^ 
Wimix» upvrafdt of l J feet by d. Tbk the entire square tower placed ne^tftli^ 
iliftMt fbraied pbct •! the foieat which inicldie of the front The ceilinVl rUe» 
Milton,, in hisnuali^ tupposen to have to a dome, ^iabed jby a laothorn, frQp;i 
b«en the mndczvoitt .o£. Oomus and hi» wY^Jtk it is (:bieAy .lighted. In 4 xi^^esr 
roftt t but acompaimtitcely amalt portipn ses are as many aide boards, placed be.. 
of the wood now remains. tween very lai^e piUarain pairsi in caek 

At Uie pictunBique viUageof Brom^eld recess iaal» a niche* ornamented by's 
or Bfumfield,iflMiiediaisiy adjoining th^ 9Uliifu . The Librafy iaimali, yet vaku 
iiiMiakMko£X)akliey»faHti«herewas<lw« abi&r From the house; tfae opposittt 
oierljr « Priocy.. of benedictine monlu. hsimrhnt wood, inewned with beaoftit 
A ffttemay and fragttieiita of- toaie in«^ hAkf ib^aptti hills, ia seen to grekt ad* 
iiev walU neav the chotelk, are all' that Tantage. Tiie finme cottunands a lawn 
reirain of k.. oe.thir^pUce,{ Letarid fdditignpidly into a rich ¥aUey« waters 
' Ihvi tfxpressedi faiaawlf.. '' There was ed by the Tene,* lyhu^ floWs in a wild 
a( pmoty or ceil af monlceii at HmmteUd j and impntuoos cmreDt fiver, it'a Tpcki^ 
ipnCSidg to Gloucd^tev abbey. There faoL. 'BeMseoding to A.biid9e»on'tfaq 
Wefee aometimes. prabesidaries. Gil* right, the walks may be cnter^ ^fami 
fMd. gave it to ?61ootcster abbey, tbnntgli a wicket, the key ofwbifhia 
Tibia fao>iae stood betwixt Oaey and kept ^ «be inhabitant of .the. cottago 
liTcJMde.. T^mdenmotttfapeaiestloUie atthebndgs. Pjsstng,iind6raioek|08» 
IwHse itselle. It standech on: the (left erhaaiging the path,- a large i^veia ocm 
ripe of tt. Oiaey raoneth by the bonk cun^afier which «hd path WiiidcinrvAri«> 
syde^ die orchard by the house, touch* pas pleasing meanden, by thenvenidi^ 
ing it with hit right. ripe« and a little till a moss-boose,, famished unth senu. 
beneath the faoose is the confluence of introduces the rambler to a beautijful 
the.-Oney and Tceide:^' spot, contiguous to objects of goeat ai» 

. About Q miles up tbe<curreot of the traction ; a^an alpine bridge and mill, 
Teme is DamnUn OuUe^ the manor and overhung by a bold froot^f rocky Tbi 
seat of Richard Faype Knight e8qi,au- world sncejEy can olier ComparatKiely 
thor of the ^* Landscape, a poem ;" the Uule besides an edksy competency and 
'^ Progress q£ Civil SaiEtietyt" " Anana^ such a spot as this. Proceed throng 
lycical Inquiry into the Principles of a gate on the same lide of the river, «• 
Taste y and other learned productions. a<x)n(inuation of the wood, and along 
Oifthemansion^ mr^ Knight ukes the a path less smooth, to another bridge 
fbUowing notice, in the last mentioned near a very rural aiKl4:baractBrisiiecci(» 
publication* '^ It is now more than dO tage. Crossing thisbrtdgeandoomtMra* 
years since the. author tA this, enquiry ^^ a few handred yards up the bank oa 
ycotnred to build a house ornamented tiie opposite side, a grand and stuped^ 
with what are called gothic tower» and tiows perpendicular rock is expandcid 
battlemenu without^ and wiiiv g^ecian to &' ^at height, imnilediately on the 
ceilings, columns, and entablatures rigiit, the majestic front of whictecon*. 
within; and tbo* his ^cample has not tinties-^ora Considerable space. H^icf 
been much followed, he has eveiy rea^ the tvaveller may cbntinae his walk' a» 
son to .congratulate himself upon^he long- rising* ground to t!he village of 
success «f the experiment; he har&aig 'Boftnkmy at a short distance, consistiiig 
atonoe, theadviatageofapicturesqiiie of 9' or 3fiarm houses, remarkable for 
object, and of an elegant and convene nothing but the following epitaph ia 
eatdwelling;.thoMesa .perfect in both (he^ohurch^yaid, frpm the djttai<;)pea. 
respccttthanif he hadeaecatedutsta of the propnetor of this domain; : 
maimer age. It^haarhowever, the ad* ..,-,. .. /. ij 

vantage ^, being ea|>able of receiving ^^nt.t^.mM^n^^i^^^f^^^^m^ 
ateXnsapd.1^ r.^:??5rerifo?^rtnSr^ 

diiecfeiott, wiUioutany mjivy to it' »gm- ^^ qaendM jhc ratfiaticc of herspsrWii**^ 
uiaeand origmal character.^ This vtiwry tottnfrhii«»hdy*ei»ly '• t*^'"' 
maoslonis bitiilt widi^ stone, and citdsiki- ^^iKherfhra>JhM(IMfiitkrwntm(Hi«qii;s 
fii ebon. an elevated bank* It was be»' Hervirtu«s, Mnery, oftrelierW^ nn^Sii|£;of? 
gWLUi n'74- and first inhObiied in liTld. ihefiwt«Set]dlknitCfaBiili(fiSnt9tdh;ih«j;7!friI 
:nieieeeiiw is fitted up with grctttasbe ^nt^tf^mg^'^aK^imf^jo ,v Siy.nS 



919 LUDLOW. 380 

#w.hew, ii ei g ea tl e MMtt to pMi»iie# imfceif in this plaoe^ the boaadairy be- 

LctEBvytttraCroniwhatitciiioocfeeU tweeo Shiopthife and Heiefordtfaiie, 

•iidMali(»K«'reoc«wfa«ttt«eTcrknev: tppe»fs LmifmUiimte the lOMleiice of 

but .hould the justice of the gpod and wue „^ Charito., icUct of N. L. CharlCoo, 

andbkntherigidKntencewfthttear. »djolnuig the CtaMCb, upon taing 

Died March «, A. D. 1795, agH 81 yean KWttnd. The building pieseats an an- 
and 8 mMtha.** tique mUtme of woqd and platter, 

In order to make thit cxcunkm agiee* with a garden and thmbbery, in front 
able, thoie who engage in it should ei* A well here called St. Julian's was fa- 
Ifaer be provided with some rqiasu, nu)as, in times more credulous than the 
or extend the journey to tlie pleas" piesent, for working wonderous cures, 
ing town of LBntwrndkne^ distant Smiles At the times of making the general sar- 
fiomDownfion, where arjB^oodaccom* vey oiled Domesday this snanormade 
modations. This place is situated near pvt of the possessions of Osbura, son 
the conEuence of theTeme and Cinn, ef JLichacd, Lordof Ric^ard's-Castle; it 
on the road leading from Ludlow «» was afterwards inherited by Joidso, 
Knigfat6n. The shortest and most called Jordan deLudford, whose daugb- 
pleasing voad from Downton to Lent* tersmitrriedHowelVaughan, wliogxre 
WMdinelsacron the fields. There is or sold this manor to the Hospital of 
no open road to the Mill in the grounds ' ^ John the baptist, in Ludlow, with 
of Dnwnum Castle, in returning from the messuage called St, Giles'»4ionse, 
Che highest bridge and cottage, except in Ludford; probably that which is now 
on the right side of the river ; but at the manor-house. With the dissohi- 
the mill the alpine bridge may be cross* tipn of monasteries, it seems, diis hos- 
ed, and the summit of the projecting pital was abandoned, and the manor 
high rock in front atuined, by a wind- disposed of by Edward 6, to John earl 
ing path. After which, the walk con- of Warwick, who transferred it to Wil- 
ducts the explorer of these recesses, ei- Ijani Fox, in which family it continued 
ther to the mansion, by keeping to the till the year 1607, when it came into 
left; or to the stone bridge where he en- the possession of the Charltons. Of 
tered the walk, by following closely the this family was sir Job Charlton, a gen. 
banks of the river. Another walk leads tleman who had the honour of frequent 
from the CasUe to a forge, where a hand- visits from king James when the latter 
tome stone bridge of one arch has been resided at Ludlow Castle, 
erected by mr. Knight, with battle- On theroadToLaoMiNSTER theback 
meets. Hence a return to the upper part of Ludford-kme lies close to the 
stone bridge, near the Castle, may be road ; which, except a common gate- 
taken, from which there is a road leads way, presents the appearance of a pris- 
on Ludlow, Qver the hills in an oblique on, rather than a genteel residence. A 
direction, through extensive woods, into plantation of Elms forms a pleasing 
Ihe highway from Wigmore. The public walk over a district of ground 

scenery around Downton Cnstle com- called Hackluit's Close, WhitecUff ris- 
bines a great yariety, and it is ail of the ing immediately on the right, 
picturesque and unadorned kind. The A wooded bank continues to the ele- 
tasteful owner has done little more than gsmt residence of Theophilus Richard 
direct the path from which the natural Salwey, esq., called the Lodge, delight- 
beauties of the valley may be surveyed fuUy situated upon an elevation on the 
to the best advantage. These grounds right, close to the toad skirted by ex- 
are neither adorned with urifs,ohelisksi tensive woods. From the summit of 
temples, nor inscriptions; a cave, a grot, the contiguous mountain, called MaryU 
and a bath, with benches and seats, knoU, or Marinoll, is an extensive view 
disposed in places where you are invit- of the country round. . The house, a 
ed to rest and examine the surrounding modem erection, designed by mr. Sym- 
scenery, are almost all that can be en- nnds of Hereford, presents a fanciful 
lUimerated in which the hand of art has but very elegant and light piece of ar- 
inteimeddled ; yet they will not fail to chitectute ; and the interior is remark- 
sorpnse and inchant the lover of inartir «hly neatand woll finished . At the 

Hcial laadscape. >...<.. distance of a mile to the right is ihsBays^ 

Immediately adjoining ihe town of a small villa, theruralcounuy residence 
Idldlow^ over the river Tem^^ which of the relict of (he late John Salwey, 



3s\ LUPLOW. sas 

es(|. Itit placed upon a loftftammit, anciently called Oayton or BoytanCylnt' 

sunrc^uidcd by an eztentiye park and ifiw bean the name of the castle^ II; 

tliick woods. On the left it the was once a town of considerable impor** 

Afoory^the residence of Richard Salwey, tance till the time of Henry 9> when jtjL' 

e^., Minroonded^ with a park contain-* began to decay. The Mortimers esett*: 

ini^ an ioteKmizture of plantations and ed themselves m it's support, procuv 

inrater. These^groundt command some ing a charter for a market and fair fiwHi 

interesting distant prospects. In the king John, but after the reign of Henry> 

16th century this esute belonged to the 3» it became neglected, and at present 

faxniiy of the Lytteltons. About d consists only of a. iiiiw ixtm hoasei»l 

miles from Ludlow, is BoltAco^, the re^ The market and fair has been longaincsf 

•ideoceof the Rev. R. F. Halifax, rector discontinued. . A place near the' castle 

of the parish Church of Richard's Ca»- is still called the << Toll4hop^reeD.W 

tie, placed very advantageously upon *' Beneath thi» oastle," says. Caiiiden^ 

risins^ ground. The Church is a fine *' Nature hath brought focth a^jprettyi 

old structure, in which are some good well^ which is alwavt full of little iaIQ 

specimens of painted glass. bones, or, as some think, of small- frogu 

Sichmr^t Cattle was built before the bones, akho' they be from time to>tin& 

conquest^ probably by Richard Sciope, drawn quite out of it, whenoe it is calb 

in the time of Edwaid the Confiessor. ed Bone^weUj* These bones* are^ faow*< 

£Dn^ Ikurj V. i. p* 453.] At the peri- ever, now rarely found, and that only 

od of the Domesday survey, it was held in the spring. It has been imaginecl 

l»y Osborne Fitz-Richard, whose grand-* that frogs propagate in the clefts of the 

son assomed the name of Say, and was rock adjoining to this well, whence, de« 

killed in Wales in the reign of Richard scending into the water, it's coldness 

1. Margaret, his grandaughter, con* destroys them, and that, after the Hesh 

veyed it in marriage to Robert de Mbr- has been wasted, the bones are brought 

timer, from which family, by an heir- out by the water. ANOTHsa bo ad 

ess also, it passed to the Talbots, who to Lbominstbk passes the front of Lud* 

possessed it till the time of Richard 2. ford-house; andatthedistanceofSmiies 

Leland, who lived in the reign of Henry occurs the village of Ashford, parted- in 

8, says, " Richards Castle standeth on two by the river Teme. The houses of 

the toppeof avery rocky hill ; and at the Mrs. Yate Sptott, Jonathan Green, esq^ 

w. end of the paioche church ther, the and Mrs. Richard Green, are charming.* 

keep, the walles, and the towersH>f it ly situated upon the banks of the river. 

stand, but going to ruinc: ther is a park Towards the w. is Asltford-hotua the 

impaled, and welle wooded, but no residence of George Crawford Rick* 

deer." [Itin. v. iv. p. 17a.] Edward etts, esq. The building is large, the 

6 granted the manors of Richard's Cas« situation commanding, and the planta. 

tie, &c. to Nicholas, bishop of Worces- tions elegandy disposed. To the 

ter, and his heirs. In the 1 5th century T. K.of Ashford is an excellent mineral 

Bradsliaw was possessor, bya long lease Spring called Saiimore Well; but sq 

from the bishop, and married the daugh- triflingly supported as to be marked on« 

ter of Arthur Salwey, esq., by whom he ly by a mean small building. The 

had an issue of 20 children. The neighbouring scenery is however of the 

grandson of this gentleman sold the most gratifying kind. The water is said 

lease of the manor to Richard Salw^i to taste very much like that.of Spa, but 

esq. in which family this estate still weaker and less sulphureous. 

continues. Upon the declivity of the Between the 6th and 7th mile is situ* 

eminence contiguous to the cftstle, a ated the manor of Orleton, which was 

body of royalists amounting to nearty given by the Conqueror to Ranulph 

2000 horse and foot, under the com* Mortimer, whose descendent, Edward 

mand of sir Thomas Lundcsford, were 4, held it 'distinct from the crown lands; 

surprised, in the year 1645, by a force After Edward's death this manor was 

far inferior, headed bf colonel Birch^ annexed to the crown, and was granted 

and were dispersed with much sUugh* by James 1, to George Hopton ; from 

ter. The interior of the castle is himitpassedthrou^hseveralFamilam.to 

now a cultivated field : some part of the Blounu, of ^ich family was 2^ 

the keep and walto, however, still re- mat BhutU, esq., author of the « Fra^* 

Main. The 'Contiguous village was menta Antiqnitatis, oc AncWDl TtH^ 



«i txmuma sm 

pAbliahed by ms*^ jQtuih'.BeGfcwitb, ia dMt U |t » astt buiMuig, akim c Mi im 
1784* H« wrote abotothcr works, and' a>«rrftiMaiagdUtrict,aii<i«aBiwuided 
mode ft foUo voinfaM of iis;tfoliectiMift< ^y > Wcllrditp^d plaaiitioiis, itimb. 
far Ji History «f Httrefondsliirc. He' borioi^.aQd walki. I» hant are fine 
died DccemlMer 1679, and wat boned in- undntMt^eg and wooded gramde, doted 
Qil0boaohiiich. Adam d« Orlston tQO« iitbfMefr'.SrJuMiUaiMhvthcv bills. The 
OBtsur^Iy bishop of Hecoford, Worces« Qleedlill, et ft.distpiicep* <»r|nft a very 
tBfy' and Wiincbetter«' in tbe reijosoT 6ite batb f rotuid. UpDo acoosptciKMis 
Edward i aad % was native oi this luminUtothe^f.isUiosiie^faihaQciest 
pbee; castle; whieii IMS beeo Botioed hjU- 

• Fear milei and a balf oa the road to kod tathe loUowiBg worda. ** Kaint- 
Wioan^aaotfcttivthCiastdenco of Th(w hacDor'KAfisbam Oaatle»cloDe down, 
QHia Andrew KHighk^es^i it £2(00, the alood within two miles oC Ltuilo, on t 
tBg0Bioasandior^''A'IV«atiieoBthe biUnop.M irii, SJ» <« It belonged," ssfi 
Oidtoifd of the Apple and Pear, and on 6ao||)den» <' to the Mof^timen aad tiie 
tbc MHanfaetuie oi Oider and Perry,^ church to Wigmote Abdey •"• Two 
aUeo£ MveraicomoivBdieaftiobs^xfad ic&dsott 'tbb eastern ai^ are ttBL 
pteadentefthe Hoyai flociety; on the caBed tfaft Castfc lelds^aad injwniliarr- 
pvMciptes of vegetaeioA. . ly hetow it enother, in whicii a deep 

- Five diiles on tbe mad to Bishop's and wide intnencbnipnt occiapies tl^ 
<{aitie,isaaaodernlaiigebiiiidi|ig,p]ao« ptfincipal part The traditionary ac* 
ed in a very pleat iag batnaked tituatieo, connta ti old plKiple tar» thw/t the latter 
called the Moot, the residence of WiU was adepositoiy for botaes and anibtay 
bam Walcdt, esq. ttoaas, during < tbe seige. of Ludiov 

Oathrroadto Cleabufy Mortimer, Castle by ClraflamelL iRannd tbe site 
S miles, on the rigitt, occun HenUy vf C!iy«&Mi€ba^it avalUsta, thesrei 
As//, a large brick building, the reside of which, contistiDgof 6 or 7 acres, is 
«nce of Mitt £. Knight, On the south- of a roaadiihoblongfigiipe, dipping isio 
- era. front extends a large well timbered aiiollow at eacbead and high, iatbe mA- 
pik. Tbere are considerable walks die. The TailaiBor bank is covered with 
and plantationt near the house. The trees and underwood, thsoogh which 
I,edwich brook forms in the grounds a the present worthy proprietor preserro 
pleating courtc and fall. Two miles a path, with beochfcs :.oppoaite to these 
further occurs the village of Bkteriey, are openingt,oomniaoding most deligfafc- 
eontaining little of note except a wclU kA prospects, not Cudy of the local bean- 
estabiislied School. Not fiir distant is ties of the neighbourhood of Ludloir, 
BfUirhy Churchy and Court. The latter but of the Malvera hiUs, tbe Black 
is the'reitdence of the rev. John Walcot, mountains in Bnecfcnockahire, aad other 
charmiDgiy situated upon tisiag g^rouod distant objects. 
it the foot of the Clee hill, surrounded The road to ICni ohxsn lies upon that 
by tome pleasureground, finely slanting to Shrewsbury for three miles. Pass 
fiekl»,^nd flourishing plantations: but over a handsome stone bridge, across 
tbe abrupt and flaring wliite-wasb, theCorve. Atthedtstanceofamiletura 
which covers the houtc and boatiguoot to the left, leaving theface>«oaise, call- 
bbmt^ entirely destroy t the harmony of ed Odd Field, aC a short ^staneeon tbe 
tbeipiqture. The Cf6«.;Attf, riting on the right. In the retrospect, appears the 
X. side of Btuerley Cbuit, is a grand and town of Ludlow, with it's noble castle, 
prominent object ; upon the tummtt aild .ttately chUrch. On approaching 
of which are the ruinsiof-a roman en- the village of Bromfield [see page 377] 
osmpment. It's extreme- point, called obiecve on the left the hack pan of tbe 
tee iTifterstone, has been jodged, by beaotiiul seat of lady dowager Clive, at 
iilveraltfavdUerfiofdistinetidntoibeara Ooft^i)ir^»'on< a welifWOoded emio- 
avkantc character^ This pdvt affordsr'a ence abotf e ihe riv«r Teme. 3oon after 
^et^T'extensive prospect on etery side, passidg the triilage, turn to the left. Be- 
The' ioterigv of this>mottttt3&tt snpjiplieB tweeiLiheiStb aadBChmiles, oa^b^ U>w- 
aH'Ubbffcbiheeof'CCR^andiTOnufitone'. ' crghiaadylsdMpvfi^ofirCaiflff' Atthetef- 
-. >AtA<lie'. distance -of 3 milet» 'bpoa mioatipa of 'the 9th' mile occurs tbe 
€gfA^ MUdto-^Cleobury! MbrtinMen at -To^Unof ijm^tmwdiifii, situatedupon tlte 
ibia licMWred village of . Q^y«Aim, is the banks of: theTcme. Xb^ris a (ashiooa- 
mana^m of Caynham-Coiirt, the occa- ble fishing place, to which company 



Tesdrt'-'ifom.' retj distant p^rts.^ The miles with the fiver Oney mimifig M s 
Jlsb is said to be very abundarft' m the little distance on the right, through w«U. 
adjoining streams, parti^ttferly <Jray- cttltivated grounds afterwards cross the 
Hng. The town is small, inel^^ant, and liver by a bridge, at the rural vUUige oC 
without pavement, consisting piinttpaU Oneybury, to pursue ifs cburse on the 
ly of one long-street ; but the premises left. Soon after see Sioke Castle, on the 
at the principal inn, stationed near the left, situated among fields, between two 
bridge, are detached, clean, and tharm- considerable summits : that above the 
in^^ly situated. The Church is large, castle iS-v^ellwdoded. Fromit'sslendef 
and formerly inuch remarked on ac- construction this castle seems to have 
count ' of it*s painted glass many fine been originally intended rather as a 
pieces of Which yet remain. • A- genteel residence than a place of de- 
bout the I'^th tniie is Mmpion-Biian, an fence. Some parts of the building are 
ancient lordship of the family of Bfrian used as outhousing to the cotitiguous 
de Bi^ampton, who resided here from a- farm<^house ; the rest is much d^lapi- 
bout the time of Henry 1 , but which dated. ' A curious i||ate-hou^ ^on- 
became extinct by intermarriages in the structed of woqden frame work, with 
reign of Edward 1, when Margaret, a curious carvings, leads to the door of ^ 
co-he"iress; conveyed this estate in mar- large^nd lofty hall, which is at pro$^nt 
riage to Robert de Harley : whose de- destitute of anyrcmains of a fire-place< 
sccndeht, the earl of O^tfoid, is still The windows are of the gothic tpn^ 
owner. The Castle, which was erect- struction. At, the end of this part* of 
ed at an early period, betame the prin- the edifice is an octagonal tower^ with 
cipal seat of the Harleys, till the time winding stairs. The Casrte is moated 
of the civil wars, in the rergn of round. It is the property of lord Crav- 
Charles I, when it was'twice besieged en, who has extensive estates in thi^ 
by the king's forces, and, at length, part of the country. The farm around 
burnt, and dUapidated. The rUins con- this place Is of great extent, where some; 
sist chiefly of som.c (ragmefvts of walls, of the modern improvements in agri- 
and an ^trance gateway, i^anked by culture have been adopted. A thresh- 
two round towers, oc-cupying a low sit- ing machine, put in motion by water, 
nation, about 100 yards n. frbm the is an excellent appendage at which 
church. A curious chimney, rising four men will thresh and clean out one 
like a turret above the curtain, and a hundred bushels of wheat in 8 hoursJ 
staircase, are tolerably perfect, but the The land in this neighbourhood is' a 
interior parts are quite destroyed. The $ood sandy loam, letting at an average 
church was greatly damaged during the of one guinea an acre. Passing the vil- 
siege of the castle ; the body of it was lage of Sewton-IVhettleston, an excel- 
afterwards badly repaired ; the tower lent inn, lately built at the expense of 
is a pile of ruins. In the s. wall is an lord Craven, is stationed at two branch- 
altar tomb, i^reeri with moss, on which es of the road ; that on the left leads to 
lies the mutilated effigies of a lady un- Bishops-Castle, the other to the right to 
known. . Above this is a lar^e inarble Shrewsbury. The Inn designated by 
tablet, in memory of Robert Harley, the Craven^ Arms, is situated in a vc^ 
first earl of Oxford. Upon another pleasant district, and affords a post^ 
plain tablet is recorded the name of Sa- chaise and horses^ with the best accom- 
rah, daughter of Thomas Fplcy, esq. modations. Passing through Ba^ord^ 
and wife to Edward Harley, esq. the make an interesting deviation to the 
carl'? younger brother. In a space cal- left through M'alcot-Pmk, the delightful 
led the " wilderness," near the church domain and principal residence of lord 
and castle, are some uncommonly large Clive, before he became heir to the 
and flourishing trees. On the w. from Powis estates and received the title of 
the church is a respectable brick man- the earl of Powis. Spreading woods 
sion belonging to the Harleys ; and still and plantations clothe the adjacent 
further to the w. a Park, nearly 6 miles hills j the park is extensive, containing 
in circumference. There is a many hundreds of acres, charmingly di*. 
NBAREi^ ROAp to Kuightou through Bnr- veisified and stocked with deer. The 
rington^ mansion stands upon a moderate eleva- 
To Bishop's Castle pursue the road tion, formed of brick, with stone cor- 
as described to Knighton, as far as hers, and a doric portico in front. A 
Bcomfield ; then proceed for about 2 fine sheet of water is seen to advantage 
14 



3B9 MACHYlfiLLAETIL a8S 

•n the rlgbt* in approaching the bouse. Among the nttmbet» mr Dmid Gam 2:, 
To liSoaitDMer. S milee to Overton 1 3 BU* tended, with the design of iQurderui{ 

berry j 1^ Portway j Huutm j «i the lefi» Glyndwr, but the plot was discovered. 

1 mtle, Btonrioftwi, hon. Rodney Hvley ; 3} and sir David seized. He woald havt 

teomimterjinaUUmiks. fuifered instantaneous death, had nac 

. ■•- Knighton, 17 miles. some powerful friends ioLerfered, 

, — BUhopi Caitic, 19 miles, through whose intercession his tea- 

— Shrewibury, 29 miles. tence was mitigated to coafinementzi 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^-^ Macbynllaeth, where he continued 

• Fram D<4gelley, 15 miles, Bingley. some lime. At length Oiven liberated 

-<— MsUwyd, IS miles, Aikiu* .- him on condition that he would remais 

r— Pont 7 Monach, 30 milei, Warner. quiet. But sir David was scarcely set 

. — Aberyitwiih, 25 mUes, Wsrncrsii 2d at liberty ere be began to manifest a 

T*^'^* turbulent disposition j which so moch 

Aberysiwitli, 18 miles, Wyndham. exasperated Glyndwr, that lie burnt bis 

lf;n"'Cnr^X*^^^^^ houseinresentjnent,utteringtoGain'. 

• MACHYNLLAETH.beaut.funysIt. ."S ^^'^;^^^--^^^--^ 
Uated upon the western edge of Mont* o gwti di Wr cocfa cam 
gonneryshire is' an ancient well built- ' ' in ymofyn y Giratgwen 

town, of a moderate size, and superior "pywcd eibud hi tan ylan 

io most in N. Wajes in cleanliness and ' ^ ' « nod J «lo w ci phemi; 
respectability. It is the centre of the David, however, escaped this med- 
WopUen manufactory in this part of the itated vengeance, by flying into En|- 
country, where also some tanning busi- land wljere he continued in confidence 
pess IS carried on. The name of this at the cpurt of Henry 5. Davydd Gas 
town signifies, the place near the river was the cotemporary and stea'dy oppon- 
gvnllaeth which was the ancient name eni of Owen Glyndwr, during his insor- 
of Dyfi or Dovey, m the valley of which rection. In the succeeding part of ite 
It stands. It 15 the supposed Maglona reign of Henry 5, Gam, as a captain 
of the Romans, where, in the reign of in the engli^h army, attended thatmon- 
Hononus, a lieutenant was stationed to ^rch in his freuch exi>edition; and act- 
awe the mountaineers. Uoon the ed a signal part in the celebrated battle 
highest part of the hill was the main ofEgincourt. Having been to recon- 
fort, built m a quadrangular form, and noitre the enemy, on the evening pre- 
Oncompassed with a strong wall and ceding the battle, he reported, that 
broad ditch, of an oval form, excepting there were enow to be killed, enow to 
that towards the valley, where it ex- be taken prisoners, and enow to fly. 
tended in a direct line. On the outside However, during the heat of the battle, 
of the river the foundations of many and just as the first line of the French 
housesyetremain,anduponalow mount was routed, the 2d line began to march 
there stood a small fort, supposed to con- up, in order to interrupt the progress of 
sist of bricks, from such as have been the victory. Henry perceiving this, 
found at the spot. The out walls were, alighted from his horse, and shewed 
however, built of a rough hard stone, himself at the head of his men, where 
from Tal-y-gareg. distant? miles. From he fought on foot, encouraging some, 
thissiteoUhefortisabroadroadofpeb- and assisting others: but in an instant 
blcs, and larger stones, continued in eighteen French cavaliers, who were 
straight lines through meadows and resolved to kill him or die in the at- 
marshy grounds, for 200 yards, to the tempt, rushed forth together, and, in 
waterside; the breadth is 12 yards. advancing, one of them stunned him 
This fort is supposed to have been des- with a blow of his battle-ax. They 
troyed previous to the building ofPc«. then fell upon him in a body, when 
yr-«//^church,asbricks are mixed with David Gam, and 2 other Welshmen, 
the stone of that building. Some sil- came to his aid j but being overpower, 
ver ofins of Augustus and Tiberius ed, they fell at his feet, after killing U 
have been found near the main fort. In of the enemy, in gratitude for this sig- 
the town is an old building formed of nalinstance of courage, the king knight- 
the thin slaty stone of the country, to ed them all in the field of batde, tho' 
which Owen Glyndwr summoned the dying of their wounds ! Shakespeare 
Upbility and gentry of Wales in 1402. has described Cam in the character of 



389 lllAdlfriflXAE'm. U90 

. Caiytaki FMelin. In the auguit hills is dtitered, ^hich U theonfy norths 

asseiinbly 'called Owen's parliament, eastern opehlng into the coant7 of 
Oiyhdwr exerted his first acts of roy- -Caerdigan. A little further, ascend- 
alty, being acknowledged as the prince ing a hill on' the right of the road, the 
of W^tes, and proclaimed and crowned, tourist is presented with a view, the 
This ancient senate-house is now de- richest/ most varied, and striking, per- 
vaded -to the purposes of a stable, and haps, that can be imagined. "On the 
adjdiiis a butcher's shop. A spaeious northern side appears the lofty moun- 
doof-^ay, however, evirices that it's -tainous part of Merioneth, running ouc 
occupation has been more honourable, into the jea for some milesi-bare on the 
The Unicorn Inn, near the cfentre of summit, and it's highest peaks general* 
the town, has been found comfonable ly enveloped in light wreaths of mists^ 
and the changes reasonable^ The Eagles but cultivated towards the middle ; and 
is accounted the princif^l. -below, dark with woods, which half 

Near Penallt, about two mites dis- c&nceal 4 elegant villas. To the s. are 
tan't, is Ctfyn Cder (the ridge of the -beheld the gentle eminences and rich 
city), where roman coins have been culture of Caerdiganshire. In'hrontis 
frequently fbUnd, and where there has stretched the Calm l^ke-like expdnse'df 
been formerly a cilrculat fortificatioh the I>6vey, contracted towards :the sek 

- of sonie extent. by a rocky promontory covered with 

* The road to wards LiANrntotfs, >wood, advancing from Caerdigadshlre, 
'Winds; it^ several miles,' over dreary and forming in it's curvea beaUti^L 
moors: About 5 miles frofh- Mitchyri- bdy. Immediately below the Hill, a 
llaeth is a lofty hill which •conlinues''dn little toihe left is the trading village o€ 
an ascent for nearly 3 miles; from' the Carrtf^, With sloops at it's wharf. • War- 
top df which is an ample view of' ttrrfy der the Merionethshire moiintidlR^'ito 
mountaiiis and dismkl wastes. 1>£in- the distance of 4 or 5 miles, is the po¥t' 
LiMMoifis visible af the- distaticeof 4 of'Aberdovey, and further, in the same 
or 5 miles on ttie right. The VioUla diteetidin, the bro^ld expanse of the o- 

• lutea grows on the road side for seyeml cean . The village of Carreg, is next ar - 
miles. In the iBat betwixt Plinlithmoh rived at, formerly noted for It's snf eflting 
and the road is a imall pool called G$is works^ which are now disused | it hotv*- 
•jyy« (the bliie lake). About halfwiay to ever paHakeis with Aberdovey in the 
Llanidloes, a mile and a half to theright, export trade df flannels, welsh-webs, 
is the cataract Ftwd yPennaM^the tor. bark, andoihet prbductions of thfe vale 

■ rent at' the head of the vale). The "rdck of Dovcy. The tourist, quilting the riv- 

'whence the water falls is nearly per- er and proceeding southward, catche» 

pendiculaf. In height it is exceeded here and there fine views of the sea. 

♦by few cataracts except Pistyll Kbaiadr. At 'To/ y ton* the views are enlivened 

' The few shrubs hanging frotti the tbcks by cascades gashing fromihe rocks, and 

add to iPs'bfeauty. In passing this Ivay ^overhung with oaks, beeches, birches^ 

there ^re remarkable lead mines on the and the mountain ash. Beyond this 

right and left in sight of the road, which place the woods give way to pastures, 

are said to abound with silver. Plin- cornfields, and sheep-walks ; and- at 

limmon appears at a distance on- the length, descending into the va/et/i^Ay. 

right. About 4 milestrom Llanidloes, </to/, presently is attained the sea-poit of 

the appearance of the country begins Aberystwith. The ruins of Ed-^ 

to change, and the woody vales iii front, -nowain ap Brkdwen's house, called 

with the little Uyn yr Avange (beaver's Uys Bradtoen, are to be seen in the 

pool), at a distance among thent, forms township of Cregepan. This chieftain 

a pleasing scene. The descent within was lord of Merionydd, and was in pos- 

half a mile of Llanidloes is prepossess- session of alt Tal y bont, except Nan- 

ing and interesting, but an •nngracefol ney. He is said to have lived inGruf- 

large wooden bridge across the Severn, fudd ap Cynan's time. The ruins of his 

serves to break the chain of this inspira- house consist of large stones, which 

tion. mark the form as well as the simplicity 

On the road to Aberystwith, keep- of the habitations of the ancient Reguli 

ing along the banks of the I>ovey-, which of Wales, agreeing with the account 

continues the southern boundary of given of tliem by Whitaker, in his his- 

Merionethshire to it's mouth, a pass tory of Manchester, \Vho says *• ^ey 

hrough the chain of the Plialimmoh were comtoonly placed-in the hoHow 



cm MM^pemA^^m* m 

lyf » w4|ff»Mi4ieitberu^oiitbe,macgift ^ ii4fe of yurantainii tltt ' iwicj a ttf i f 
of QoeitKain, or tiM (rooAueoce .^f two^ I»e44f o^ whid» «ie ttittift the ckni^i* 
Jin i)iie:C9Av«iiicncy qf water« aad teciv ^ome of t^se crags bave been t top gp d 
«tty ^4>m winds. And the foUowers mid-way, oibeo have fooad » passage 
4iW imqaediately about ifae person of to the bottom, and Ue at the aidc'oC ^ 
Jheir chief, or in Uule bodie«.Mang the jroad. To the left is ii brfiad sizeaa of 
^inmgs .of the valley, (9 1^ within water, here foaming iaio n^tuiri caf- 
j^wM of ihe usual slgxials of the lord, cadesj aod there dispiayM^^ an ootrw- 
^he ttf iking of the shield* or the blow- Wied »nd limpid bason, Tiie«e ft^OHai 
in% of the horn. "--Cam. Rog< i. lid. caica^ka, and ir^nspareot bathe^^re » 
.[iiee «^ p* '70.] tiniisd by tlie refraptioos of ^ Ugbtsnd 

On Abe road to l>oi^9M«ir paw tive «hade«.»fHi Che varieg^e4 ro5;h|^ span, 
iDftvey, which Aows to the if. of Mac- sheAU, 4f c, »t the bottom* Umt the wat- 
ihynVlJiei^and Aeipara^Oiijt ^om Meckm- erand flooring ei^ibiiiUl the colows 
^nhire, orcr an aoQif(M«toae bridge. . of. the tambew. The foliage of the 
fA**iyf^lpMW'^f?ttey,oif¥arioo*bWwei«, woody. i»o|umaios which riae abore 
4s «(eiit 'entered. Mr. WTP<lham Hff* the^e wiiter^worki of nature^ ig notloa 
jof this, ^eaecy* " Thft r.9pifl torrem, 4ivetsi*ed ihao jthe stBftl»»- Yonrgc 
^oaringovier a bedof hoohenfockSi and, fkUoMtief in ^epekbi?it^g4[4^-%ift/> 
xDOC qnffeq»»enay, inteirypted by im- —"Gleanings." The i a p irfpci ^ 

^mense fmgmenu, from which it. falls in ,twan mr/ l^ifamiBi^ auppli^s the SqUqv- 
j^ge caUr:aGU : the woody and.<epcilit0d i4^iriaii94Anf)addition^l;iein9i|^. ..'^A 
precipices fisiyig oo^oaph .w4e of th(e .rmriog' csAaract 00 theteft^indoppstbe 
^ver rafid the mountain biiboks, .which, trairelier.^O'^evias^ fiooffUheTond. Two 
.4own the deep aedwatorwofn i^ullies, ipilAS. beyond isalsoaoother of more 
jfiopHiHiMly rattled about us^formeid a 4mppv(9nce' Hc^ce^ .for. 3 mj^es> the 
^^i9M;uTe pictute s4 ^bo romantic -voa^ovipidsihrougl^ an e^LwUi^^ 
.'Agones,. whic,h are fo^nd between Aig- liful <U9Mnt;ry. On the )e/t i:be Py^ 
. nes. Belks and Moi^at Oeuis. Towards .i^ ^^n ibroken, into a thous^od caaciides, 
.^e extremity. oi:(he vqlley^ the JbiUKe now /ofAiag ttffougb it's .«toA|r cbao- 
%monniaiP'OfCAPAa lomsBrj^g^csaitedone roel, and how leading H'Sjmorp tranq&il 
jBJi \\'% nake4. cf^iggy, find .fwomiineot tiratCTs by> yerdant meads ^nd^Lc^wety 
'Si^Sh ^U to our irQnt:.6^w i»b)|^cte ban^. A; Heep hill, covered wi^ trees, 
,can be more aw^uUfi' SMbUnac- The ^app^ars beyond, which is o|>pfM^d by 
'10^ passes under p<MFt^(.^is gVoomy jstupendo»»s elevations pn tl^e .eight of 
^^4 tremendous pr^ipicc^ wi^m sight the road. A.t the 7tb mile-s^ooe Cad- 
^of a small lake at some disjtance on the ^^r^Idf Is,. 4he majestic £ather of the Mec- 
left aad close to the bri;>k of a smaller, ioncthsliire mountains, lifts iiis black 
ThQ latter lake is vulgarlyyest^emed hot- .pr^oipices* Passing TaUyllyn pool, 
•toHiless, and called Uyn trigr^^en^n the Ihere is a pu^^c house at Min$fordd- 
Pool,oltl>c three Grains, from three im- Tally Uyn,. called the Blue Ifio**^ where 
^mense stones lying near it, by the road may .be bad a guide to the sumisit of 
aide. We now crossed an a^m of Cadar Padar-Idris. 

Idris, and, following a rap^d descent of The road to Mallwyd Ilea all the 
.two rocky miles, arrived at Dolgelly. way near the course of the Do vey, pre- 
pare of this latter path leads through a .senting many striking beauties ofjand^ 
.thin oak wood ; overhanging an inpeiu- scapp. The valley is inc\o«ed.by lofty 
tous torrent, which foams down a rug- mountains, some of which, pactlculaily 
.ged declivity." The sentimental the ^rraw, vie in respect to heiftht with 

,mr. Pratt dc^scribes. ihis rpad as follows, the most \ohy in Wales. The road lies 
.** After riding about 2 hours you come for seveiral miles between hedgerows, 
.to a spot so exquisitely delightful, that amid fertile meadows intermixed with 
.it is impossible for any one but th^ sor- corn fields. Oats and rye are the pre- 
did worldling, not to pause, and wish to vailing crops ; there is little wheat or 
pass the evening of his days in it's barley. In approaching the 6th mile, 
yicinity. It is a part of the valley de- the scenery in every direction is admir- 
jfended by an immense screen of many able. The side screens preseat either 
coloured rocks behind, out of which verdantwoodsordownyhills., while the 
■%Pf?0S: ^^^ ^"^ there a few hardy vista below comprehends a great varie* 
«hnibs and flowers ; stupendous crags^ ty of the most pleasing features. A lit- 
^9^^faich the hurricanes have thrown from Ue further ca^:h a^ glimpse of 01^ of the 



si^ 



uAEM^kfiA. 



39^ 



bevtv^^ii- (he mountttiMi Qoftiin^ in 

•rgkt ^ iMIwyd, the vaie^ohtiracts to 

ak to KstVe th^ directieii of the it>«d tiB- 

ceitMh. On the way 1« C^mmam, 7| 

rtlrle^t O&the^htis AlHfrMrheih HM, 

ttie-teiidiHite Msir J. Dashweod King, 

bait, » iitnatiofi even su^etfor to his tbe eoHateral brancheii of.whirtimccC 

residence atWesuWycoihbe, in fiuck* fonnkii^ a dark sliatfe!, and thence by 



whft «Mtk {(roves. Mid I^Jhrrfen p«*cW 
pice« cfo«c Ihe enchanting icrttie. The* 
little Tiver is named Dttjf'jyrf, or^ th* 
Two Fdi^s, from the Cynfael and ah-* 
other stream tmittnu theit watersaHcM^' 
The Cynf«cl tumbles through a d«iejr 
rocky chasm, covered with larg« treej. 



iifj^hattiirtlii^. 

TolLlanidloes, lis miletyBingWy. 
•^Ab^rystWith, SO miles, Altin. 
' •«- t!A^ar-Id^, about 13 miles, Warner. 
-^ lUaH^d, 13 mUes, Waraei^^ walk. 
-^ OolgeDif « f 4 flAes, W^Fftdtttfll. 
^ Oo]fBay>fowad-Talyl^D, la mUes. 
r-.7bvU9,.19niUfs; back to MachrBthlaelh, 
-34)aiUMt| thcape to I>ioaa9MMrdd w»l3«llei^ 
Skni^. 
^ Fliulimvioii, about 5 .nutes. 

VfeoillTMKy.b#kli«imU«,Wfadhiai; C«Aa»f 
■BiH|le]r$ SUUie 

•«-^ tiabitttidilt ndlet. Ajkm i .Ikrioe. 
*r— DolceUr, I7i miks, Warof r. 
---^af^^f^i^mUesiPwnaat. 
— - Xlanrwst, 21^ miles. 

. 'MAfiNTWROO, is A small viUafe 
•luxated on die B.edge of Merionethshire, 
which derives it*s name from a large 



three f^ais descends foaming iAto a 6etf 
pool, encircled bjr'bol^impcndihg f6eki: 
to the midst of the torrent rises « col-* 
nmnar rock, termed Pulpit Hugh llwy^ 
Cynfael, Hugh lived* in the time of 
James the first, and was esteeined a' 
magician, and to have -delivered his iiw 
eantations from this station, f See Pesti- 
fling.] The small remains of Mur Cas* 
tell, now called Tomafnen y M^, where 
the Kin|s of England used to encamp 
when they -came against Ncirth Wales, 
isinfhiS(Mmsfh. 

Onthe rbtfd to HxtiLCciy, at the dii^ 
tance of about half a mile, imm^diatelf 
after crossing a small* bridge, is a fooe 
path, up a wooded valley on the righl# 
which leads a mile and a half t6 a wa- 
terfall <?aUed HkaiadT du, (the blatt 
cataract). <*The spot," says rar, Bing-^ 
ley, " is surrounded with dark and inw 



Stone in the <hurth-y ard, called Maen< pending scenery, and the water is thrown 



twrog, the itone of Turog, a british 
saint, who lived about the year 610. At 
this place is a small comfottabie»iAn. 
Kothmg can exceed the beauty of this 
Utile vale. The ihills are modecately 
high, and scattered in a ploasiiig style ; 
the sides are mostly well wooded,espe- 
cially to the n. In one of these groves 
stands 9%»y'M/<;A HtM, the seat of Wil- 



with vast impetuosity over three -blacfli 
smootri rooks, each in a diffi^rent direc- 
tion." Of it's height I could f orm oo 
idea,, as the top ofthe upper fall by thtf 
winding of tbe rocks, was not vistbUs 
from'below. The rock whictihangs im^ 
mediatly overthe fall, was, from it'sgtMt 
heightand rude form , a fine object in tht 
landscape, and the whole of thehoUowi 



Itam Oakly, esq., who has availed him- for somedistance below the catliracCr«gi«> 
self of the munificence of. nature* in tremely grand; I attempted totvclimb 
exhibitingher in walks and vistas of con* to the upper part, but the rocks were too 
siderable extent. Tbe site of the house perpendicular and slippery to attempt it 
cosmnandta view of the meandering * without dang<n'; therefore contetuing 
river widening into the estuary, called myself with seeing as much as I>aoal4 



the Treath Byckanor Little Tide, Which 
lies opposite to the Treath Mater to the 
«;,-exhjbitifng theiocean j which, with 
ftos penimilla). fonas a pleasing tennin*- 
ktienia the view. Mr. Oakly has en- 
^agcsdwithtnecess in reclaiming a tract 



^om below, 1 crossed the water, and 
crept along the shetvifig rocks, by the 
side of the stream,* for nearly half a 
mile. HeiiB the banks closed snotvdr 
my head, leaving but a narrow -chasnl^^ 
from which the light; was «excludedtty 



of laud fernnth^' overflowings of the the dark foliage from each side/ and <'i 



tide. Hia embankments are marked by 
White tails. The) 7Kitf£AaboiRidB with 
the Nynpbasalba^and'in the tide ditch- 
es . is itheUappia «iaritima. . XTpon 
the besom of the. wave appears the Con - 
fervarivagabandaw In i>uMiikig the 
ktitmi <whinh divides thi» ¥iAe, $t's 
^eaigdi is Mx milei. It's sidetare ^^ 



found myself entering to ap^earaaceio- 
to themoutbnf adecp-and horrid oaveftu 
The sides were too steep for me* to think 
of clambering «p^ ttnd except- ^oing 
qnit&back >ig«hi*to the eataradt, ; £ bad 
noaltenattvebut to peisetfavMhe^lac*. 
-The dflffknest did ifbtezteod/lar $ and 
.finding it'sbanka svfficieDitf «lsuitiiig 



995 HAIXWYU. 306 

to admit of my Mounding to the m«ad» nowand theftaitfeaiiigiMbi&stein the 
owt above, X was not a little pleased to fissures of the rocks. The csye accus- 
escape from this abode of damp and tomed to view the fertile pasts qf n*- 
horror." The Hypericum aodroi^- ture, to roam over goldeQ.haryest» and 
mum grows among the rocks at this cat- flowery pastures, n^st be astonished 
aract. On regaining the road to and repealed at this extensive tract of 

Haklbch thetourist is led along thetide hopelipss sterility.. " Ascendiog , still 
oi Lljfntecwyn l/cA<i,(the upp^rpoolof higher*'' nys mr,. Evans, "w^ gained 
Tecwyn). This pool is large and it's the summit of Idopl fFyn yr B§dii 
water beautifully clear. On oqe side leaving the more lofty one of Jlffpelwjfm 
of it is a range of low rocks, composed Gtvyn on our rigt)t.. Here the Icnpixsa- 
of a shivery kind of slate* whiph has ed gloom was relieved by' the surround- 
mouldered in many places to the botr ing views ^ and the eye was diverted 
torn in small sharp pipces, somewhat by the distant scenery, ^efor? i;is the 
resembling needles. Passing the dark naked cocks of Snowdoo t behind 

inconsiderable village of JJantecwyn^ us it*s rival Cadar Idris ; to the w. the 
and JUyrUecvyn wa, (the lower Tecwyn Dwyryd^ opening in the Traetb Mawr 
pool), about three miles distant from to the bay; the Irish Sea, Barmouth, 
Harlech is a charming little meadowy Harlech castle, and the extensive pen- 
vale, which forms a pleasing relief to. insula of Penmorfa,'stretchitig out' to 
the rude scenery just passed. The road sea, visible to it's point at Aberdano. 
from Maentwrog and Tany-bwlcb, to Qn a bogff {»lain lye-fouad th«1>^Qti- 
Harlech, is .scarcely passable for car- ful Osmunda regalis, and the air was 
riages.but there is pne from Beddgellart, highly p«rf»m«d- with the odoriferous 
along the sands, which, may be passed, buds of the Myrica gale. Descending 
at loiy water, with ^ guide. . a gullied road, we came suddenly upon 

The road to the celebrated Pont Ab** Pont Aberglaslyn." • 

saoLASLYN, lies on the way to Bsdd- To Beddgetsirt, ^ milw. i « mile» ^>TMI^ 
ocLAHTy distam 7 miles, up a steep bwlchion; ^iFoatAbcr<«lils4rni l^Jkdd- 
hill, and proceeding, mountain appears f eUn. 

rising above mountain to the clouds; — Harlech, p milcf. Aftffrlqiilr pasBiigt 
but the retrospect is pleasing. The ^allljridgc, at •omc distance oothekftii 
verdant hills and luxuriant woods i the \ "?"f ^ l^'^^'. ^^ \ ?• "f » T««T^ 
churchaud pretty village of. Maen- W„\TcT^^^^^^^ 
twrog, the dimmishmg vale,, and it^s Ax\w. 

fertile meads and,winding river, form ^Harledi bf wayoT Rhaiadr du, 12 imJe% 
a striking contrast to the rude and stu- Wyadhais. 

pendous scenery in front. ''The •^Tan-j-bwtch^ (. niiie, Penuat;. AiUaf 
mountains," says mr. Evans, ^* almost Wamcr. 
bare, consist of huge projecting rocks \ • "r Pont-ab«rglMlj»i 6J ii»ik|, Evans, 
fragments lying in undigested heaps, .^<^wr^^^^.^-^^.^s^«^,^-w^<wN^ 
and crumbling strata; and the whole fron BaUi, Si miles, A'ikin. 
surface destitute of anything like vegr -*** Cann-office, ii nliies, Ivsns. 
etation, (save the Lichen caleobeum, -r^ Machyoiiaeth, 13 mites, Waraen 
here and there changing the colour of r — Dioas HtimdAwrj^ i^ miles, Peanast} 
the rock) exhibited the. wildest confu« SJcrinc . . 

Bton. . Except the wooded summits on ' — Newtown, 29 ipiles. 
the left, nothing.can exceed thc.dreary .^T Liamiityd, 15^ miles, Pennant, 
aspeet and awful desolation of the next MALLWYQ, is a^small village plac- 
^. miles of this road. No vestage of a ed between the salient angles of three 
/dwelling. It appears like a country abrupt moohtains, j^wranj Camlia, and 
fhaken by internal convulsions, from A/oW i>t(/l, in a smaU valley surround- 
iwhich vegetable, as well as animated ed. b]^ many delightful scenes, through 
naturis, bad affrighted fled. ..It seemed wluch : runs the river Dy& or l>ovey. 
.matter incapable of form or usefulness ; The falls of the Dovey at Pont FoUxmfd 
left in it^ elemental, state ; dismissed ^re particularly worth examiniag. The 
by.Nature from her pare^ and distnher- Hey, J. Evans thus describes tbu^spot. 
ited of her favours { ei?^o as Buriiet savs ** The- scenery*, which ever way the 
of Ciierna&vonshire, ^' The firagmentota ^ye .turns^ is prodigiously lomaotic; 
^demoliahedwxvld.". What is.notfiak- The. mouiuains form a grand natural 
. j^ds to vered'vith heath. and ling, with Anjt^xilheatre, nvith : syivan . sides ; 



S9t MALLWYDi tJdfr 

thr6ii]gh wMch p^pt, here and there, a began to urge that the day was fine, the 

vrhite-washed cottage, sufficient to re- roads good, and that very clean and dc^ 

mind tw, that we are yet in an inhabit- cent accommodations for traveUers,' 

cd <;outitry. Camlm rising immediate- mthmt horses, might be had at a littlic 

I7, "veith rude majesty, on our right, and public house, kept by a widow worn-' 

the conical /4ran, lifting it's resplend- an, about a mile beyond DinasMow- 

ent head,with the different cwms, were ddwt. He took mrs. Lloyd's gentle 

reflected in various tint and shade in the hint, without a comment, paid for his 

"waters of the Dovey. Through the glass of shrub and water, and proceed- 

opehtng of the mountains, the dimin- ed immediately onward. He passed 

ished scenery of the distant vale, ap- thecleanly widow's cottage, which tro- 

pears in camera obscura before.' Oppo- ly answered nn-s. Lloyd's description: 

site, the beautiful cascade formed by The widow herself was seated at the 

the Dovey, is peculiarly fine. The riv- entrance, neatly dressed . Tlie compiU 

er impatient to rush through a narrow er, however, finding himself in exceU 

rocky channel, foams against a high lent strength and spirits, extended his 

slate rock in the centre of the bed, dash- walk to Dolgelly, where, at the An- 

es into the pool beneath, and hastens to gel-Inn, kept by R. Oliver, he found oth- 

meet the estuary of the Dovey. Just er travellers, obliging treatment, a 

above is a lofty mountain bridge of a good bed, and very moderate charges. 

single arch, grey with lichens, on one Mr, Warner, when at Mallwyd, a- 

side ornamented with ivy, while the scended the mountain Candin, in order 

steep and rough banks are feathered to contemplate the setting sun. The 

with thick underwood to the water's effort, he says, was laborious, but he 

edge. The church is a humble gothic was miore than repaid by the glorious 

structure, the -floor covered with rush- scene which opened on reaching the 

es, the communion table in the centre, summit. The Arran rose 2 or 3 miles 

It lias a boarded tower bearing date to the nt. ; behind, the whole vale of 

1640, and inscribed soli deo sacrum. theDovey,wiih it's river, villages, &c.j 

The church-yard is remarkable for sev- and on each hand was " a tempestuous 

cral large yew-trees, one of which, far sea of mountains." 

superior to the rest, rises from the Mr, Hution says, in his "Remark! 

^ound with a single stem, but at the on North Wales." In my peregrina- 

height of between 3 and 4 feet divides tions about this neighbourhood I fire- 

into 6 large branches. The girth of the quentlyentered a cottage. I was struck 

trunk, a yard in height, is 22 feet 6 with the situation of one, ia a cliff, be- 

inches. " The average radius of the tween two mountains; it was screened 

branches which spread on every side is from all weathe.rs but a southern sun. 

39 feet, forming a circumference of a- On entering it, I was surprised to find 

bout 240 feet. Of the 6 stems 4 spread it inhabited by 13 human beings, all in 

laterally and two rise nearly perpendic- petticoats ; I never beheld so much 

ular. The height from the root to the robust health in so small a compass, nor 

summit is about 40 feet. No part of an assembly of any number which pro- 

the tree exhibits any symptom of de- duced so many rosy cheeks, fine skins, 

cay. That at Aldworth in Berkshire, and regular features. If I was not re- 

tho' it's trunk be 9 yards In circumfer- ceived with compliments, I was receiv- 

ence, is not comparable to this in health ed with something preferable, good n<u 

and beauty. tttre. Not being sufficiently learned to 

Here is a good- 1 vn with post-chaises, enable us to talk to each other, we were 

In the autumn of 1807 the compiler obliged to converse by signs. They 

having walked firom Newtown, he was immediately * brought out the best of 

half inclmed to stop for the night, and their provisions, bread and milk. Their 

^pressed such an inclination ; to which house, which was composed of a few 

the hospitable mrs. Lloydraised no ob- rough stones, jostled together without 

jectioW. . But, unfortunately, the ap- architectural order, consisted of threte 

proach of a carriage and an equipage of low rooms r one for the day, in. which 

servants, dogs, &c., entirely disconcert- a small bit of turf was burning ; one for 

ed the little plan of icomfort which he the night, which held their whole stock 

had ftnined. ■ Mrs. Lloyd put off the of beds, and one for lumber, chiefly \i- 

graces of complaisance to assume the tensils for husbandry, all which they 

demeanoor of distance and refusal. She took some pleasure in shewing. The 



39& MALLWYIX 466 

Aoorsof all the roomft were native earth. On the road to Bala^ wbs < ;»gon«iB 
and nearly dq>rived of light, I learnt may be made up the vale o£ the Mcmrdd- 
that three generations stood before me» wy, on the banks of the. ]>ovey. This 
and tbo' all in petticoats, two or three yalley» 7 miles in lengtb, is ia sonie 
of the children were males. A fresh places, so narrow, as scarcely to admit 
and'handsome elderly person was grand- a meadow between the river and the 
mother, three were her daughters, a base of t^. mountains which form it. 
fourth her son's wife, and eight were These appear in some p],acek almost 
her children and grandchildren. They perpendicular, and in others ia such 
were all without shoes and stockings, verdant slopes as to supply nonaercNU 
except the ruddy senior and her daugh- flocks with pasturage. The hij^hest 
ter-in-law ; their two husbands were parts yf their ^des abound with brown 
employed in the fields. The covering heath^and on their summiu are anmer- 
of the thirteen, tho' whole and clean, ous turbaries. They bring the dried 
was supported at a small expense, peat down the mounuin sides, upon 
They rented, I found, a farm of 100 a- sledges, in a manner both laborious and 
cres at 40/ a year. An observer would dangerous. The mountains opening 
be tempted to conclude that this family on the left, exhibit a grand view of the 
ivere without care, did he not know inye^ular summit of Aran MamUaft 
that in this state of being there is no ex- which rises above the other moontains. 
emotion. I left this race of beauties A little farther up the^ vale occurs the 
wiui a smile on each face, that smile small village of Uan y Mowddwjf, hav- 
which constitutes the fascinating part ing a church dedicated to Tydecho, ao 
of female charms, with which woman uncanonized saint. The <xictaiges of 
should never part." this place and the neighbourhood are 

On the road to Machynlleth, fol- exceedingly rude. Pursuing theconne 
lowing the course of the Uovey all the of the river, the tourist arrives at tbe 
way, the Merionethshire border is quit- celebrated pass d( Bvoich y Groes, or tbe 
ted aiid that of Mongomeryshire enter- road of the cross ; so called hom a cross 
ed Upon. An obvious difference be- which formerly stood on the summit of 
tween the two counties is apparent in this pass. The face of tbe country here 
the face of tlie country and population, puts on a terrilic appearance, as if warn- 
The vale widens, the mountains are ing the traveller to proceed no farther, 
greener and less lofty. The pastures A long range of very high noountains, 
are intermixed with corn-fields; the running ncaryx. and w., and rising one 
houses more numerous. The sound of above tlie other 'in tremendous gran- 
'^he loom begins to be heard ; tenter- deur, divide the counties of Mcnonetk 
grounds are seen ; and fulling-mills are and Montgomery ; a deep ravine through 
planted upon the brooks and rivers. these forms the pass. It is a zig-zag 

To DoLOELLYi pass a steep bridge «tair-case road upon shivering slate- 
over the Dovey. Haifa mile further is stones. An exccUeot road is however 
a fine terrace-view of the river. Cross- forming along the western sid^ of the 
ing it a 'id time, over an excellent stone mountain, at a vast expense, in order to 
bridge, and winding round the bases of make a communication betwc^the n. 
the mountains on the left and descend- and s. less diffic^lt and perfectly safe, 
ing a high hill leading to Dolgclly, a full The Rubys idaeus and Saxifraga nivalis 
view, under a bright sun, may be had Aoiurish in tliis district. On the north- 
of Cadar Idris. The town of Dolgelly ern side of this chain of mountains on 
from this declivity in the midst of a the banks of tlieX/^n T«guf,in the parish 
valley composed of meadows, water, of Llau y Cil, lies the small town of Sa- 
bridges, and surrounded with rocks, |a. — J. Evans, 

woods, and mountains, has an agreea- To I!)ii«as Mowddwy, mr. Wiamer 
ble effect. On this route tlie river .passed the Ciyvian by the single arched 
gradually diminishes* till at the distance bridge aipng it*s marg^in, for 2 miles, 
of T miles it's fountain-head on an ele- which he mentions as being tmly al- 
yated swamp is arrived at. Not many pine. 

yards beyond which, is the. source off- xoM^hynmedh t3 mUtt,«H^. 
nother river. The first is the Dovey, .-Dims Mowddwy, t^^taihss^wdlackli 
which terminates at Aberdovy. Tbe »Uea. Thence to DNgcUy, ¥tm^ Hui- 
.secondflowsintutheOnyon, and reach-; .ton. 
es the sea at Barmouth. ~ fiaU, 24 oiles, £vani»'f ^ . ,. .• To 



^ Caaa Office, 1) nilet, Skripe. tMUVqr* The prBi^rvsiU6ii of ttiabuH*. 

' Betwmc^ to Oip«9 MowdAwji Peiiiuk.. . ii|£ j^ Qie to conchi(fe» tint Htuclt ; mU ' 

originaliy covered it ; bat, to my i 



IpTOm Briton i^crry,'/ ndilw, Barber; Maltun. is^^l^ I he«rd Uiac the tea4 had iohf 

Newton, Evins . swcp been removed, and that ihe oiil? ' 

*f-7/y»0 "«]Jf«* wyndta^ 8CCHiiiyoftheKM)fagaiiiittl»l#ei*M* 

Wftnej wteih*. . ' ^a^ft thick oUed paper, Which by-fto. 

MAUGAN-?ARR, situated ^tbc^: no^^^prevoQteditieniih^roinpeaetftu 
eastern si4e of Swansea-bay. isd^ie pro- ing and fiUfffh^f ihraugh the MOliie 
petty of Thomas Uansel, Talboik e^q., ivprk," Mr. Wyodham concludes llf 
who resides at Pencice Castle, chiefly no* tr««tia|;, \h«^ n the prpphetcr %raK>% 
ticcd on account of it's orangery', which, lover of ant-iquiues, the tJeic i M Wf 
ia unfavourable weather, it arran((ed in would be corf ected. But, uafpfniinig 
a magnificent paviliondf thedoricorder, ly, the ediiice was left to it's fate, «wt 
3^7 teet in length, by 15 in br^^b. soon after the severe frosts of l'79>, ^Ihe 
. At each extremity of this extensive roof feU in { thus one 6i the linetl «pc<^-' 
building is a small apartment; one de- mens oi gothic aichitcccure ia this ev 
signed for a library, and the other a any other country was neglected lai 
museum. In the latter are some yalu»-. lQit« Mr. J. T. Barber, who fislt* 

blefelicsof ancient statuary collected ed this <potm the year a80S,iay«^|utf| 
by mr. Talbot during his residence in percepiible from the t«irf, i ti«cM, tlw 
luly ; also an admirable vase of whiter foundation of the Abbey Ctiiiich> utk 
marble* and models pf ancient buildings the bases of four chmering pillM 
iucork and pumice. These orange trees which probably supported the t«#er| 
were intended as a present from the the steps of the altar wcve also vistble, 
l^ing of Spain to queen Elizabeth ;. but besprmkled with fprass.} aUd twririBg 
the vessel being wrecked on this coast, over some fragments, wepickediip pA 
they became as a waif, or by purchase, of the chala^efor containing boly w»* 
die property . of Lord Mansel. The ter, and several «f those cqloured f^- 
care of Margan i$ consigned to agardea- ed tiles which, were used in the eaAv 
er.whoisaUowedtpadmitstraqgersjapd norman age fdr pavtog f>riDci|ni bmiiL 
frequently attends them thsough ike ings, btttcomisottly'calJed rMRaatilet^ 
walks.. - I wasiofbftned by mr.'Soook, the ■!»* 

Margin Ahleu founded in 1 147^ hf teUigent gandeoer of the phice, whtf 
Rol>ert earl of Gloucester, was repeats was prestfet at tlM delapidatdoa otf fOm 
ly the mansion of the estate ; but it 4ias abb^, that liie pavement forttiod Vf 
been taken down, and the materials >«- these tiles was the io4rermost of fliMII 
moved to mr. Talbol's newiy erected whieh we^e theaiflmoved ; andtluftoA 
mahsion of Penrio?.. Some low r«.«is digging deeper ihey came t» an w,^ 
yet remain, and the walls also of it's HHmse iiea^ of'homaMi bonek. This 
elegant but neglected cLapter-HoMse» paveflnset is sfiU«n many places femMn* 
Thi,s structure is thus despriVed by «sv« iiig, cho' nearly concealed by a oot«r« 
Wyndham, who visited the sppt «^bo<»t ift|; of nsoas. Maof cuHonf flcul|>tai^ 
theryear 1 773 : *' It is an elegant gothic ed stones of- high antiquity are to be 
building* of a date subsequent to that of met, wjfch<la ilie farh, and in die village 
the church. It's vaulted roof is pec«f adjoining ; the church of which fftt^ 
feet, and supported by a clpst^^ eotr sei^ts, in iit'8}eiefntito,Ti m the v ie ySng 
umn risinjg; from the centre i>fth!eToofn-i symmearytmtoosnposttioftttian tvynoir^ 
The plan of this chapt^-honse. iS/ an man woiflt «hat'l ftmmkmt roAmm 
exact circle, iiO feet in dpmeter^ The ^en" . .. Mr. Mallan> «riio tAso 
just proportipQ of the windo w§, -i^ Oie unfiled this plaoein %he yek 1908,' sil^, 
delicate ribs of the arches which' aU (he •ehiirohr'is'a tneAeraianlbttUttitt^. 
vise from the oentre cohmm.'apd 4he The.iraoc^ ofttie<tMsieit«r«iftitl^Vii& 
walls, ^raduaJiiy , divei^ipg jco 0€|ir-9««> ^«<srOss iftie cnta^'but ttiecfclcl^rittd 
spocdve points above, m^st^leaKe^v«> ChapwN H A — a U sl taeip ^ciflaau ttte 
ry spectator; and what isriM«onimon xmiMConninUeT'ibat ^^snrie 'iMfllttt 
\n %bc gothic edi<>ees,.t)p^ ^teriwl shoiyd(notAMivebetoiie«iiea^6r|MNI^ 
elevation is u simple and uniform as tnf'thit*finenpndlnton'>oC«otl^ 'OKfh^ 
it*4 internal^ there being n<»,««gQ^img jtecttarbartitlM^ghwBCaotlteln^- • 



40a^ MAt(C^AN.PA1UC. 404 

t^AVMaetd Hoare ezclmmed bn a te- the keeping it in ladr conttant order, 
cent visit to chit spot^ ''Alas {the mutt be attended with cootideiMte ei- 
ClMpftCK-lf oute, that justly admired peoie." Mr. Warner thought thai an nn- 
gothjc.gem it- no more, since all that pleasant efiectaroie on entering Margan 
rendered it interesting has perished; from the contiguity of edifices, balk in 
apd the future tourist may exclaim, styles of architecture so completely dis- 
*' SUt mominis umbra/' The similar as the chapter-house, and the 

pariah Church, once the abbey or con- green-house $ the one a simple gothic 
▼entual church ot Margan exhibits a structure ; the other a splendid classic 
neat example of the mixed or norman building. 

gothic. The weuem front is mUch ad- " In oorwalk to Kvivn a, orCynfcg," 
mired. It's arches are circular, the pil- says Mr. Donovan, '*we passed Eghsfs 
Uia. Mender, . prettily fiUetted, and or- Snnnef an extensive tract of land which 
namenied with singular capitals. The belonged to the church before the dis- 
linaU chapel at the east end contains solution. About three quarters of a 
tarious monuments of the Mansels. mile upon the road we saw the stone pil- 
Tt\e village of Margan is most de- lar which Camden describes as standing 
lightfuUy situated under a magnificent here in his days. It is a quadrangular 
and- perpendicular wood of oak, and a*- column about 4 feet high. The two 
boundingin monastic amiqnitiesi words pompeius carantomtis are in 

. There is a very curious ancient cross rude roman letters on one of the sides of 
stands in an inclined position against the this stone. The distant tower of Ken. 
wall of one of the village ale-houses in fig church serves as the best guide, there 
tbemain street leading to the church; and being only a cart track besides to de- 
in the adjoining grounds are various in- pendupon. Kynfig harbours a deq>erate 
scribed and moumental stones ; on one banditti of lurking fellows, who obtaia 
is the following inscription : *< Sen- a profitable livelihood by smaggting, 
tttts. popuiusque veromanus divo Tito, the plunder of wrecks, &c, whom it is 
divi Vespasiani, F. Vespasiano Augu»> necessary to visit with caution." Mr. 
to.*' On the summit of a hill to the Donovan was very much insulted by 
right is a square ftone called Y maen theinhabitantsashewasmakingadraw- 
Uyihyrog, i. e. the lettered stone, ing of a cofRn-like stone in the church 
{See Neath.] A little further is a moun- yard, and tho' attended by a companion 
tain called lifymfdd DorminL The sum- and a guide from Margan, he was oblig- 
mit is a. level pasture on which stands cd to quit the place rather abruptly, un- 
a large rude stone about 14 feet high, deir a volley of menace. Tlie lake 

OSUed.by€amden\/lf«en£/jr<%it)g,and t^fKerfig is esteemed a singular geo- 
at sm^l distance an Aggera, or heap of logic curiosity. The water is embosom- 
loose stones. On., the w» of this hill is ed' in a depression of an irregular form, 
a /7oi^rt» Cam/»,. and many old intrench- in the midst of sands, and tho' lying 
menH. lie; contiguous. . within a very short distance of the sea 

A shady walk,' carried beneath the at flood tide, invariably retains ifs 
lea^ 'mantle of Myn^dd Mamr, ot freshness pore and untainted by the 
Margan's bill, passes a ruined chapel, muriatic properties of the former. The 
and a logganocTocking-stone, is in the circumference of this pool is estimated 
way to the summit, where a prospect at a m^Ie and three quarters. The 
^ofunconuxion extent greets the behold^ Nympha alba abounds in the shallows 
4er. , . .. I . . • I of this water. The Viola luteals abund- 

: r ighfj/tMtnne, i^uitvfo^mile^ soxtxh ant on the adjoining heath. The 

of Margan, now a farm house, was for- rnin of iCenfig Castle is obscure and rare- 
mefly a nunnery subject to tharabbeyv ly visited. It lies at a d'rstance from 
( . fUpon the welUwt>Qd6fl hill to the m this pool, upon a small eminence, sur- 
.vlnch risOB above Marganv it isremarka^ nRinded by a cluster of sand hills, in the 
.ble<Utat the trees bend so much from the midst of a sandy plain,* which stretches 
^•^meaeas to . oxli&bitilCheappeatance albngone side of the vtUage. Tradition 
pCa-.i^llfClipped'hedgc j.Mr. Warner says that it was thii castellated resid- 
layi, that '' «'okt|Kmbf Briatoi, when sur* ence of Fitzhamon ffit some years after 
Vf^ingthebeaaitieinfMaif^anyeKpressi He*ovei^nie Olamorganshire, while 
^ |(ceat d^igbti at^ithei ater jtisnner in ihe castle of Caerdiff was rebuilding ; to 
i9!bkli'itie?w(>od:of'iiher^onnuth^as which' account history adds a coocor- . 
trimm«d.f&id^ibe0!«fl£rbutob8tthBed'aMt tentt^scitaony. [SeesurE.Stradlingand 



405 V MCRmtaLMTIBUVJUL 40»^ 

^E'^buid,} : : i^ilmknz smaU t>lace' Iran and «oalf miins, 'aod oM&Mid j^^ 

iahabitCMi by .cm1> miners and sm^Unrsi liase' of a dit(irict8'>mBM toni^ and'^^ 

bdoAging tQtUe adjoining veiy caaett^' widei^atthd rent* o^^KXX. per annam for-' 

siv« oapiier works* ^ There if no aic^rtP 99:cyean^ Aftar-ac^vAriag immeoftf:) 

modatiooi here for the trawellerrthe' rtchesrabouttbe.yesr 1^9 bier dilpoiiMt' 

nearest is zt lAbertmon a mile dittatit.' oftHe tracA in* teaser/' QoMAdtwarkiT 

Tayrbach copperworks^are weU wvtftha toiim. Crawthayv forSOOw. oer sIninxmV ' 

minute inspfsctii^iiV i»ut no strangersar^- Pemdetf^ <to v^rJtonj^tii/f^MWdOh per' 

aUowQdto.emdrtlieia^ithotttleave-^ annum; Dowlas iron works to mels^n 

the proprietorB4>rtbehr^entj'Who 11888' LfewisandTatdr aiid:a^4tb':paif to mr« 

house upon the spot; Mt. Donovan has Hitt. - From these' works the heirs ^f 

given a paitioilardetailrttf the processes* mr. Bacon^ it is said, derive a clear an>' 

of smelting; refining, and working the nual income of ^10^00/. - Mr. Craw<* 

copper into bars and plates, in his *^ £»•' shay's worksare ihtf largest in the kinj^' 

cmrsions," chap. ziy^oL i, " ' dam\ fae employs constantly upwardf: 

. The- road to Smrtus Ftaav con-' of. 80u0 men; and pays in weekly ex^ 

tinues under the mountains, near the penses^,000/. Thenoaiber of smelts 

Severn shores passing some large cpp-' ing- houses at Merthyr Tydvll is iiix«> 

per'^wocks to Aberatoni ' where it crosses ' teen. About the year 1 itOO an overshot- 

attona biidgelof one arch, bbilt by th*fr wheel was constructed under the aut^r 

mason of. Pont y pridd^ Four miles pioes of. mr. Ctawshay,' perhaps the 

further, is a- hilly rise, whence the largest in the world. It' is upwards -ot 

scenery of BnttonEerry and Vernon. 50 f^et in diameter^ formed entirely of 

park is suddenly descried. cast iron, and cost 4000/. Thewatetf 

. On the road t6.Pvlb, Ktnfig is left* which turns it is brought from a stream 

to ttuelright. '^^ the hills about 5 miles- off, upon«ff 

To Pyfe, 5 mites, Barbefi Msikin. platform of wood supported chiefly by 

.^B«tw»PCTry,brwayor:AbcTaTon,7 mites, «one pillars^ except' in, one placetf 

Wyndhsmj Donbtan; Evans; 8krinej where it crosses a bridge supported by 

Warner. timber for the space of about 100 yards^ 

elevated upwards of 80 feet above thtf 
^,/-.^v^,r^^>--*-^-^^^,^-^^.*-w^. bed of the river, forming a very sin- 
rron cserpuuy Casde, 17 miles, If aikio; • gniar appearance. - The population of 
-n- Pont-y-pridd,. 14 miles, Evant. this town is no w the largest m the prin- 

— :Brccoii,i?roile«,skriBe, . cipaltty. In Dec. 1803, the number of 

— ^^Caerdiff, g^roiies. . the inhabitants was calculated at u^ 

MERTHY& TYDVIL, in Glamotu wardsof 11 /)00,withotkt including the 
ganshire, derives it's name from Tyd- suburbs. The splendours of this town 
viU daughter of Brec^an, prince of begin and end with the houseof mn 
Brecknockshire; which, from a few Uonifray at Penderyn, ' which is lasg^ 
shepherd's cots, has advanced to a pop- ahd etiegaht, with fine ^-atdens,^ green* 
ulousitDwn. <* This jpot, says mr. Ev- houses, hot-housesy <cc. ThetDWois 
an^woifnatuTally retired, and calcuhit- eomposed- chiefly of irregular street* 
ed tidMiid' reflection ;> but the genii of and small buildings. " But a few miles 
the gtdves have been driven from their distant," says :mr# Malkin, ''you Can 
retirement by the rude bustle of mana^ scarcely prevail' "with the Tostic to ao* 
factories ; and to silence andquiet have oept your gratuity, tho' he ha^losc half 
aucceeded the noise and turouk of busi« his day's work! in directing-^ ou chretthe 
oess. The discovery ol rich iron mines^ mountains ; bat here you are besist with 
as well as every substance necessasy for theidcmands of importunate hordes up 
the reduction of it's ores, soon attracted on ^oor purse, tho' the only favour you 
the eagle ^e of trade ? aud the perse^ fc^uesty is to view the objects of your 
vering spirit: of a few . individuals haV6 curiosity i without • ' thtir ' -intmsioa*'^ 
enlarged it to a piaceof gneat and«u c^bet^ tsa printing-office' here/ md* a 
xreasing imporCaace.? The first dtsi- bookseller who "communicates '^ith 
sentiog coogrttgation in W^les was forn»- London every turdekv' i ! Several book- 
ed here about 1620 by Vavasor Powe4^ societies .exist, and al pbllasophieal idcU 
amaa celebrated in the annals of noii^ ety.is/in'>it's infancy* " Here is also a 
conformity.; This place wab a very in- psHriSh^hurch, i ttaipel of easey'teh 
coDsideiablcvillage-ttll about 1755, dissenting >€bapels, and a theiAvi. 
wheartbe Ikt^ mr.:$aconrat|^d«d to the This tovitii coptnus t^Mre^ HHifbtt plae^ 






tHeT Mfi|iiior MMma a nutfliec is liokd i94C't9lov«tioii» aadnoii 

«i|iOn the toi»of tmottotua d mUe< dii* tbc eoceiMiicity of H't ■hipct,. Tow 



biAt In. tiMA neigfabDurlMiid aie. en oC liowiioiie iacritkwmMj «mr ^ 
fftund fttodmiUitQBef, »d UmettDOei which9Veifaiog«lieBMd»wliile»pltt» 
rt«ln^mi¥lM»arebedtof UackMMnw iiif»tfao* not rich y«Ak7«o*eleft» soft* 
biffi with mavWo^f vvriottt other «oW ent iIm foneral dreraei^ The de- 
oun ; cduAyAeaio fpringtf flag<4t«Mt, lowi down a kmg Aiil ktinss cbe tnv. 
and'tUte. oUer to a liitle brook, 



tAImmhS roile« it.(S.Qf Menhyr^Tyd* iUh* which jotat^tbe itandia Yawr,i 
^ now QoUy VaUog ^ half a mile out little way to the i. ; «m1 at a irc^r iiwR 
of the «dd road, over the laountatits lo diciaooe from ib< bniok» afusa^etoead. 
Bfocknock, it the very ancient castie, iag another hiU, yon ctoea a t^idge over 
of Merku on the top of a mottncain, that river, which haj^dj ipp o nwd bdcc 
nittch dismantled end spread aboot. it's junction wilh the Rotitha Vacfa: 
Thif cattle it reported to have, been the hwt from this plare^the saiind of it is 
teitofttierfcilagtof Brecknock, and vraa never Jo«t,iho* frequently ant of srgfet, 
demolished by the ptfliamentary army ^^ J^ anriveclosf ^ it's loarce at the 
in the Ifth century. [See Pontpj- topoftheparith, distant fOnMlei. flsK. 
piidd.]; There it a canal from abouu^ and for some milea 'to come, 

Merthyr Tydvii, to Caeidiff, whioh there is a degree of Inniiinnce hi tte 
tkat opened Feb. 8, 1194. It >rat vakley, inifnttely beyond vhat my en- 
Oempieted at the espeote of abo«t traneeim the district led miti to expea** 
190,000/. The next ofejoct of mtttoeat it a sob. 

The principal Ivw are the Otowm «antialfatm4iottse,'CaUBd£iaBy«yi^ 
and the Star. standing in a most pleasing aoinaile, 

A direction traoM tasiKsW Baxooa^ where is ^ uncommon tall and laife 
Ipmy be taken to BaaoKNooa, through oak. A second bridge over the Rod- 
the parish ol VHrsdjfVsdaig to /^hMmKA tlia, on the other, tide.of whi^ the toad 
pfcAofic The scenery ^m the bridge winds to the left, furnishes s- inost in- 
l^eh iCfosses the Ronika Fotfrat it^s teresting point of view. The peasant- 
conflt^ence with the T«ff> up ito the tal- ry here are Wretchedly accommodated. 
Inon^eap, distaoft ^ miles, is highly hi« About a mile f^om the'tfrtdge is the 
tevesting, singular; and impressive. A^ miserable church of Ysttady Vod«'s. 
boot a quarter ol a mile before' you There is no collected viHage hi the par- 
avive at it there is a tremendous aKi ish, nor any public resting place for 
pine %iiridge> For abont a mile and a man or horse. ^ 'Batting the church, Oe 
half above the first waterfall, UMKion« fields and meadows become narrower 
tfaa Vawr^ 'becomes broad knd sbil* and less fertile; ttie rocks and hitb 
low. The rnadon the right bank on. bolder and more famastic. The from 
if leads to some. coal-pits, the thiteU of this narrowing delL is filled up by a 
ierto purstie his. way to KWrarf/yimhsg, single cUii^ high and broad at dm .top. 
IS obliged to ford at this plkoe. A Instead of passing in from ofatfaiarQKi^ 
ringed road «tien continues OH the left or orosstngcheriver,the€mveUeakliould 
aide lof the river/' At the discanoe of fruisue a scarcely visible traok up t 
« mile there is a 'second fall m the mountain on the right. The mountain 
'liiver. > A ^usrter of a mile further is is the highest in Glamorganshire, the 
jk^ third laU, larger >atid more fl^rand {iatli winding and difficolt, crossing two 
Ahan ;the ' former. . PiesCnily > a new tortOnts at the top, which dematid some 
scene :is pretesied, by the junction of care. The views on the way ind os 
ahe two elvers,^ BfOntha'V«wr<-aad.|2ciii. ibesuromit welbrep^y the toil, to those 
#0 , Vwk, There is a bridge over' she wiM»aifi»ct the grander Scenes of nature. 
^iMitha Vawf tMghly nrnamental to the V. Theuppisr part of .Ystisady vodwg par- 
.protpect . Fiom this:tpot the roadtnshs ish is. as 'untamely wild,''< says mr. Mai. 
fto ihe left Up-a < sleep itill till' > yo»fgain Jiib, '^ns any thin^ wkkhc atu b e coiKCrr- 
ahe)directroad fromLlantrissantshtough ^ed q >Bttd the itfw^ who "have '^aken the 
thete.wilds^ 'StM^hioh yoii twtnAoem^ pains' !to explore dieL aeatceied anagDi- 
rwfaen themtamtm'Sdsrieryiof Ystriid- ^ftoenCe of rS.r Wales, vgne io'veoon. 
rprodsrgbreakftttpon the vieiVk f ' Therp friending Una ootAed vdhte to the *cb^ 
.«ihenea gate;'' sayssinriMalkiii, '^rwbich fiih traveller, hs one eC theatidstcurioas 
iniq[ki^he<mtaqaiepqfiihft g i)r iafa 4.anitte attdslrikmgintfaeiptittcipBdi^^notex. 



499 MmrvaniTwyu^ nm 

tour ofthe Dorthern counties.. A Alrang- .^hiQ4 or under ^ c^9fip^^y^\n^ 9 
er hjM igi» v W! te w>#'^tf&c»l*yv -ki-de- ;j» qicj^r pwag^ of i^ fef^l, M^^vWa^Mr 
ScCC9(^n^ > narrow path, worn upoathe ^4^ hp ^ougtH> th^\^^ipfi^^i\hit.i^^ 
side4>faralih'6st|i'ey);)^ndT(rulard|cUv- er from, a shqw^ of vaf^- T^e.€|^ 
it^. It happened that w<; saw $ oc 'S ,Qf siinsljiiQe^ ^^^ beliiiod the.'C9ii^li4^ 
couritiry people oh their little moutit^ih }% very b^tiful.,,, Afe £«IMflC.Jl# 
borses, carrying lifhe: thifei.r cpi^iirtesy ir^ade, ;M>d fKii^iwg.HlHs |ii^.^ ;©f*^ 
"was 'si^ally Splayed in riding on the .^in^le for a fews^epf \n froi^ Qf -^ 
Very edge pf the precipice^ ^where one *maje8ticroiCk,thatQ»ristd|5ien^»,r9lijiv. 
f^lsd step ihlght have precipitated tln^oi ^^nother cai^a)p,t,.?n4 a largie (WV^rn 
to the >ottbttt,) t^iat they nnight hot 1.15^ ^nd^rth^upppfit^b^J^ 'SeyQra^}i|fWB 
t«rferiB witk' Oj^r tnore cautious pij^ fioUo^ipiijaiiBediatc^upc^ssifqM).' Jf»m 
|pre5s. .^e way aft^r descending the ;he Ifa^t.of tk^e ca^c^tdos a pad( ^j^ 
xnounuin,' if rough aiid dreary, oyer ^«nd the fioixK 'qi ,|hat pron)iD{|t%vih 
4>an'en and ;UiS>^^table land,*^. •. wl^ich Ipparate* : t^- tW:* diijglf jr#«* 
Just ab<jve PawsfA^AtA r«cA«n*tl)erciVa 4h?ir Tiy^jrs,,, Paififlg gained tl^j^Jfl^ 
«ne ifit^ /ifthe rich and beantifwi v^^ ppw)4i) 2^ wM two ojc thf99 «t©iif 
Of JV«al&*. ' ^oftW<Jatl> Vechan Ma nji^ ifidds, ftxe llVffik Afa pMcipicAyUif^ln*' 
•cirabte coll^aiodof jlirty <*pttagi^i ^iidi !^f thjc gr^at /^<4^44f. itf#/«^ 7(^>^ 
^si h6r«eiy;)pV^c.1t^o'se. . Tbe/ifej^diSf high, .The f^ca^^f s i(»c^««8iW«li5fll|F 
««li6i4d % ih^pVrtied^that thfr .diitancp .tejoii?, ; ViJi^ «e»t •pttriofMy^^iM 
'ftottitii€Bndgewat^i^fm/\ti tlieyale weiC,'' "" ---1.-^- « ^ ^- 



ofTaff^thj[801^6U9Om^^^ J>l?fi4pm ^a^^WKcaUffd.^W.flftfw^.'llft- 

•ytrtch'btactt thfir*-ts nd accdmrooda- ^w^ep the.p^s^H^ ai^. Yffna^ffi^ 
4ion } and fhdrerote along day ^ith suiv thrpugh Xfye,4^f%pamfm .pf.,iylH<^4^ 
•ableJpirPvi^ioH is ricicessary for the pe^- |SeUarHas;(p^t^e.spf|C«.4>^hatfam^0. 
loirmaiic'e, TOsirifla $taAd8>t tJtii J^ dgw^pjjf .(WW:.^ )i|^ ifwipip 
liead df the yall/ey on the confines ipT |he l>ed pfjijjiic^WKfrM^y nQ-n\cafii«.^« 
the counties pf Glamorgan and Brect- ic^iU, ppis d«e#it fXH^^ ftt$t vx^^f.pf^ 
l\dck,and'^t*ec6nfluencepf5Vivefs^ ^pt a«*y;ttog/hf^n4, a nwral^^vjifll 
each 6f tti^m contributing Wi rocks, }vid?p^e j , ^Hi. M) clJ^fi g^\de ,WA}^ni 
woods, and tyXcer-falLs tp the general <p^utio^ly ^> t|ie^e^« ratber fn a/T^MI^ 
grandeur and magnificence, which here grade 4it€cx,\pf\ we suddenly found^itA* 
seem brought to aTocus. . The cascades te)ye^ atthe.piijjvith.ptf the Cf^vfSKfh ttlP 
in'every'dwdctiPn within 3 or 4 mile? <apeiiiiigpf iBjih4C^'if ^Vt43iffet w^i4^ 
of thi^ place are numerous. The Mer- ^nd 19 feet high. v T^^re is a praqtififr 
thyr Tydvil road may be followed till Tt ble passage tiW^gi^.its bpt \)m anwpl 
leads to a grand pass, forming as su- is Ui^n;i|dc'>A. : . If Js pece^ary toHJawBT 
'bUroe afid Romantic a ^cene ^scanb^ <;and^$„an^^f^lM!R^^PP<^ntohe<9li|iii*' 
conceived ; it thfen forms nearly aright guished by ^f dmp ?rapour, tbfl d)^ 
anele with that o^ Brecknock, pver the culty aiid dang^.b^ecpma great, tho* ffm 
hiu. After clim1>ing to the top of the guide had been th^vgh seivend ti|9^ 
crag, in crossing to the right, you look ^d yas rea4yto ijndjartake 'iU.\.iWe 
dowh upon a dingle, through which penetrated abpui; tpO yards, as 4w.l^ 
Tragath river fltwv?, in it's passage to any glijpuxJPVOgfiJf daylight from^h^ 
the Purthin, and opposite you have a i^uth directed us; and this »pe^\wf9tl 
fall of the Tragath. The route from of Stygiai^ borrpr wa* amply su^^^iig 
Tragath to the falls of the Hepsey is o- to satisfy all rational curiosity, :Q* 
vcrawildcommon, at theupperendof quict^ig tbhe cavers, the MeltaiiCTOs- 
which there is a farm-house above the sed at the entrance, when a beate*|>irtl 
Hepsey, whence the view down the winds gradually and pleasingly ^long 
vale of Neath to Swansea and the the western bank, with the Uttklyil- 
Mttmhtes is very grand and extensive. Uge of Ystradvellte in the distfipc^.** 
The Hepsey and Melta join beyond the The church stands well and U a P^as- 
farm-hbuse, affording uncommon seen, ing object, after a circuit of 7 foUes 
ery. At the edge of the dingle t^e with only one house^ but the village U 
great fall bursts suddenly upon the very inconsiderable. The road 

view. The desccntby which to exam- hence to Brecknock is oyer dreary and 
ine the fall more minutely, Js down a wild mountains, till within the distance 
nigged and steep rock. Afterwards of 3 or 4 miles. Theonly object of inti^ 



•BtMlW^iiolter/d^o/lflfe ilftfftoy aboirt - I'rfttt frt*roke,r ttUei^ *•»*«■» ?«•*»•? 

lh6 road and proipfc<ff i* toihom* irid ' "^ H*K!tfi)fdw«^ 6«tt«, M^IkiiK 

■tilnBighay, tiH on'erdsfcirig the wetttfrti '" ^e nolilc Harbour of MILFORD- 

«tdf^ of Mounchdentf Mountain, at aeon- JHAyEN, l^embrplfeshire, iramortaliz- 

•iMerable height, the flat c6untry of fed by the strains of our gteat dramatic 

JSrtdkndCkshtre/towairds.ttie w., with 'j>bet,'is6f dn oblong figure^ about 10 

•pKlt of Radnorshite; extensive, fniitflil, miles in length, and from one to two in 

«od imp^oTcd, unfolds itself through 'k ;Vk^idth. It is considered as. the best and 

*<ictl with lofty ridges on each side. * safest ih Great Britain, and .inferior- to 

•" • -Tat OLD ReAii »»«*« MeaTHTTR TyW- 'tione iii Europe; abounding vfitb the 

•vifi'to BftBCitwcfCK'is jStirsUed from tHfe "best anchorage, and baling 5 bays, 10 

cattle n^r (y^Hg VetUog orer the moui^;- creteks, and 1 3 roa^s. Two forts, which 

«liJBi; Nteath Vtlchaft'^iver rurinihgon jWere 'greeted in the time of Elizabeth 

4be left. The wjttdiAg down thehiH Vii the 'opposite. pciints of the entrance, 

•litings'the strahget to'T^rt/ftiHtf/, a callgdNingle and . 15ai4 bidet-houses, 

Mdge of one archj' after which the ^j^fe 1ti6V. ne^IecteJV, .As a picturesque 

^ountaili 6A tliefeft is;<6%e climbed, ^bje'dt^ Milfordrhave/]i ii.chicfflf .inter- 

'Th€two^^.k»<)f MoniieMem^mounlmk "eslfn^foi* it's noble sheet of water:, it*^ 

^vetope^ineiotiifs ejornttnu^ic^muefh peaceat>le shores, rising in gentle hills, 

^j^raiidcuT to thte'-prdspect. A green rhay'Wea^cifTpm their flowipg outline; 

&ie to the ri^ Ictifds 'again to the riv- but uiiclothed witb wood, a^d uobrok- 

•«Mide, herei:K>8»cd by a lyritfge of one en \x\X,6 ^tajs and p)recipices,,thfur sa^ae- 

•tonif^Jrrfbwtrulilt. ' r»ii/>*^ Vljhc&Chdk 'hess faili to interest an "eye habitui^ed 

df near this spot.- Hence the path stjon "tqboldejr sceijery.. THe. ^nouth of the 

Jti^hebes the f66t<6lF*![6uh<ihdenyMotifif- *hiyen, turning suddenly southward, 

•tliitf^ 'im4 presets sPlabdribus 'ascent. *jfves it' from most poinu of view the 

'A=«tone bridjge U<h*own ath>8i Neaih ajipeiirance o^ a lake.; which reminds 

'Veehtn^^the road then "lies up the 't>e traveller pf Cumberland '; yet tho' 

•jnoUntain to the inght cWse by the riY- It's VurCa^e be greater, the lakes far tran- 

W| fiow ^ trieWIrtgtiil,'' passing by i^ '^cendi't^in the accompaniments of rock 

%Ottnc<s. The pais oii thitf eastern side and. wood, and a sedgy marifin which 

•it ^t^t^een the two perpendicular and mixes it's, verdure with the. water j 

ittfceceasible peaks. Atf^he bottom of vvhefeas the haven is surrounded by a. 

Wt mountain to the wfi.yii a deep blac'k broad stripe of mui except at high tide : 

|»ol. From this place 'to Brecknock this defect, however, is constituent to all 

tlio population is very scanty; CantreH Estuaries and tide rivcfsl . Moire richly 

ll a'ttnall colleotiohbf houses, embos- decorative in their scenery are the three 

4»med' with wood, overhung by a part branches of Milford-haven, which di.- 

tjf'Monnchdeny. Thef descent cont in- verge at the extremity of the great ba- 

ties almost as far as St: Davids, which son, and distribute fertility and beaijty 

Iftia'sbi-tof suburb to"Brecknock, with over the' principal part of Pembroke- 

4l»e*pectable churcb. • ' shire. +he shores abound with lime- 

•' Having entered Glamorganshire, and ^tdne ; which aflfording a rich manure, 

paiied'the source of the Taff,mr.Skrine (vvith' coals and culni), is conveyed by 

ftUi'stiied the rapid descent of that river water oyer a. portion of the county. la 

BUS) a deep valWy, of a hiost romantic the shores of the haven also, pear it's 

Mpect, till he reached the celebrated junction with the^ open sea, are many 

Po^T Y Prtdd. veins of copper ore, some of which are 

The track to Caerphi ly Castle is conjectured to be very rich ; but none 

b^lrfeh and nnintei-esting. have been explored with persevcnmce. 

\To Brecknock, 18 miles, Malkin. J.T.Barber. f ^ .^.,f , 

\ — Caerphily CasUe, 17 miles, Evans. The picturesque beauties of Milford- 

i- Pont Neath Vychan, U miles, thence to haven are certainly very beautiful, and 

Neath II miles. may be seen to the greatest advantage 

— Pont 7 Prydd, U miles, Skrine. by taking a boat to Pembroke. As 

you proceed up the harbour, this mag- 
nificent .piece of water is forked by a 
peninsula in front, dividing the great 
reach up to the Burton Fefry from Down 
Pool, which forms an interesting ap- 



>;3 MaF(»J9HBAVi£jK. 414 

proachto Fem^olce^ezhiblUag tbe cas^ tp afork,oC Uoi formecLUy th^ coafin^ 
tie and to^^ tp the greatest adyaopige. ence of tlae two rivers Cfeadeu, . 6n jthu 

At the entrance of the haven on Aan^ point is the Casile o/Ros, an ancieAt i^at 
gle BfitU, is a poor hamlet, where.a of the Owens j and higher up,o^ the 
house foimishes very indifferent accoini- ostiary of the eastern Cieddeu, stands 
modations for numerous passeng^s ,t9 Picton Castle, the seat of lord Mil'l^rd^ 
and from Ireland. Here are the ruins cpnstlucted in the old fashion of gtjthr 
of a small castle and nunnery ; and on deur, mixed wiih.distocied altevatr^ns 
the opposite point of St. Ann*s»a simall V^ ^ modern style, commanding a.^ne 
light-house and block-house. About View ot the water towards La;td«Ai|rJ!)JA^ 
the centre of the western side of thj? where the two ti vers meet^ and join th^ 
haven is tbe small villajgre of tiubbtr>^ forces to form Miliord-haven. TH^ 
stone ITaikem, formings w ith the opposijce plantations are extensive and floiirfsj|> 
shore of the creek, what is caUe4 ttH ing. ' The' grounds of $te(f9tch'a* 

Bnt qf MUford, Two packets are ^s- nite with those of Pi <Jlbn Gastle. $1^ 
tabhsfaed here for Waterford, and on th^ batch was auctently a cothmandery'f e^ 
N. side of the creek U,an elegant hotel tied on the knights of StV John of J^rrtS. 
and inn* ., ialeih. Thispla^pisbeavrtifuUv^ituat- 

On the opposite iide of the ^;iv.pii cdon th6 Qreddeo.*' JPTig;* Tor WMi 
ifrom Pembroke is KayUnd, where sn- «tretc|ies along' the bapks of thUbrqali 



^ars are discharged, and pay the d^ty ji| river as fat as thie 'eye can teach. ' The ^^ 

the custom house at Pembroke. ,lier^ ft' here orfe of the best trpderii; hbiikeil' 

are soine considepbljesalt wprks. , ," ,, ih' S. Walfes ;buirt 'by fh6 lafe'mr. Baiji 

Pjfit Priorjf is situated in an i^xtrcn^^^ lowe, ' Aitei' visitipg thes^el^jjinlt 

ly pleasant spot, near one of the cce^ and celebrated seats, tar; Mkl kin crbrifc 

which branch into, the channel, aboii| ed the ferry, aiid pursi^d his'c()ljfr« 

amile from Mjlford '^^aven, outt)e,.>r, through a very pleieantr country*, w 

«ide. It wai founded ^about the yeajf "Cresselly, ^'ith it's luxuriant plailtatioS 

ISiOO by Adart de Rupe. He endowed of fi", to Careat. He says thki mil 

it with^ considerable portions of .land, ford-haveii is in^'xpressi'blj beautlfijl 

which were conj&rmed by charter .of th^ ftoiti these' pa^t^, 'hot only in itself, tlut 

25thofEdwardthe3d. "JThe founder plac- in those numerous bratichjes which df- 

^d here monks of the order of'?!. Martiij verge from it, and intei-sect the counbryi 

of Tours, in Calt^ey Island ; but in pcor To this circumstante Lawrenny owes i 

cess of time they grew weary of the ^""ge portion of itjs beauty. It i^nik 

strictnessof this order ;f and laying aside one ot these arms that thie noble castle 

it's ri gid peculiarUies, became conimon of Carew is situated, in a pch and beaui 

Benedictines.. This foundation was tiful country.* . It^s ruins are amon^ 

subordinate to the abbey of St. Dogmael, the most sumptUofus of the principality, 

in this county ; but at the suppression o( The castle might evdn yet be reinstated 

monasteries it's revenues were separate^ and form one of the most dignified an* 

ly estimated at 611. J5s.3d. per annum, tique residences in tliie kingdom j but 

It was presented in the 38th year of the surrounding estiate is nearly alienau 

Henry Sth's reign to Rog^r and Thomas ed. The walls are very thick and con« 

Barlow. Very little now remains structed of solid masonry. The village 

of this structure except the gate-house of Carew is very poor. There is by the 

and some scattered fragments of the side of the road a cross carved all overt 

walls. Several cottages are attached to 1 4 feet high. At the distance of Seniles 

tbe original building, and erected with is Pembroke . 

it's materials. Grose has given a view On the road to HAvsaroBDWHST i# a 

of this ruin taken from the n. side, and, ferry over the principal arm of Milford* 

called it "Hubberstone Priory." It is haven. Proceeding up a high bank of 

called, by the inhabitants, "The Priory" the haven, a fine view is obtained of 

only. Some have called it the Priory of it's expansive surface, and grand undu« 

Pcndergast. The village of Pyle lating shores. About half way to H&. 

is placed a little to the e. on the other verford-west a new scene opens, con-, 

side of the creek. To the s. is Pender^ sisting of a wide luxuriant valley, wa-. 

gatt, distant half a mile. The n. is tered by a large arm of Milford haven, 

bounded by several ranges of hills afford- The view is uncommonly rich and ex* 

ing abundance of wood and pasturage, tensive. The town it approached uj^ 

An axcuRsxoN up the harbour leads a laborious ascent. In pursuit of 



411 MeML VMIV. MiMlLD. 4t« 

1ftt^jHbr*«eieii^rt1f.SkfittevliitedUu: «nVlf^t'hWlt ^^ety joA^^^taiify In the 
f torty, Stebirtrh, jtnd Plcto0 CaiUe. ' t^'itjrte. The instdtt 'tihrttraciton 

■ — f«inbro1t*.7mil«i,llalkto. ' Mawrch, who died ia the yiar 1728. 

-^_-,i~,f^ ttc'isTepT«ented in, » ttaodins atti- 

..f^.e^.r^^^-r^.^^^^.f^^'^^r-rft-, ^^^ Th«e i» abo a singuUr epitaph 

' | > w it l ilw n d»ti i .i«ia*i Aiklift Winter.'! OH WHIiam Wynne, of Tower, d. d. 

tHOBt Y OOU (the hill of the w>vij J^" .*"« 'T°'*' "fi ^"'' '*^'' """I 
Mtuated pn the Ai«le«a .ide of t^ *lt» *«f'e« itau^al pjonumem of 
»«,«.* miWtpVVm Ca<ffnarvon^ Robm W.rton of ?arrew, who vn^ 
If whi<* place there U a terrj.i» celc^ J'^'fJ^f ^TTt^' ^ ^'^T"^' 

V,., lS.8?,n,^of th,aro,y ofS4«4n, "^1,^'!^^^^^:^,^^. 



« with gr^ .laukhter ana aievin^ fcSlCy-hiH, <«J? »>allim«. or cajtle-yar* 
«&om»Key«l3r ffi*."!?** ** V»»^ "^ *«°W, of 




Ic is (^vrded into three pvu: 
andtbc 



be <Jr9mlcch$^?rn^a sepulchral mopMT "r* ' "u .«^ • ^ ^I^ 

..i«mL^for under several of tl^emhim^ ^e lo^^cr baUmm, the u|>per, 

JivcbecofQUA^.' Tbeyareuiidoubto4T J^^'J"^ '*1"J°''- 1 ^V?^^ ^"^ 

&tbqprigM$ofou/pr0senttQm^ first have been levelled by art,a«l 

Wh are a diminutive ^nd more fini?b. fe separated ^17 deep foss^ The 

^ cromlecl). The situation of theel^? ^«^f ilras upon J part greatly and ar- 

Snthouseatmskewydd, if beautiful, H^^t^^L!?'^*!!!; fli'^^^iJ !L,f?.^!I 

Alinost snrroupded by wood, it corn? "** "^ **"' -««— r * #*« « «-. .^. 



•re ti few 
Hiie fortress. 



stpn^s, the only relics of 
Th.e sttimnit of tjiis hiU 
pcct^rtheTrrmrAli)sr''7s'ee further 9?™mands a short but, most exquisite 
Particulars under the uile Kas Nlw^ J^<^ ^^ ^^e cirmnjacem vale 5 and to 
*. r the w., Moeifamma rises with awtul 

'oPLAfiTs near Moel y don. Sambu- preeminence among *c plwydian hiUs. 
cusebulus/ioa hedge apon the coa^t, ^^,*^^^A^8T i^* *' 'w"! ? ^n^?" 
Reseda luteola. upon the coast be^ S!?L*^^?*^' but exDrbiUnt. The 
tween this ferry and talyVQcU Gerf^ ^2?Vi'^rL'fu'^r .Vi^^P*^^^^ 
plum sanguineum, upon cliffs of ibf 



cpast between Tal y yopl ferry 

« , Tip (.tonerehyoKdrft 1 6 milest Aikia. 
. rr faAlNevydd«2inile8,I|iogler 

from CaergwTlie, 6| miles, Bingley. 
*— » Ruthin, 8j^ miles* Button. 
' — «^ Hawarden, 6 miles, Warner. 
• •— Cheater, 14 mile*, Skrine. 
— — Vale of Crucis, Pennant, 
lack from- Caeipirrley 8 miles, Pennttit. 

MOLD, called in Welch Yr Wydd 

Srg, isasmall market town, of Flint 
re, now the modem seat of the grand 



Plants found in the neighbonr' 
hood of Mold. In the upper wood at 
Tower, Veronica montana ; and Chry- 
fospienium alternifDlium. In tlie fields 
between the hou$e Fr6n and the up- 
per* wbod, Satyrium viride. In the 
meadow in front of Plis on. Polygonum 
bistorta. In woods and hedges, be- 
tivcen Mold and Nerewys,Prunus padus. 
Upon an old wall near the town. Antir- 
rhinum cymbalaria. In wet places, a- 
bont % miles on the n. side of the Chest- 
er-road, near Offa's dyke, Pilularia glo- 
^ulifera. 

About a mile and a half w. of Mold, 



Sessions, formed principally of one long not far from Rhual is the seat of the 
and wide street, lying in a hollow, sur- Griffith family, which retains the name 
roiiDded by rugged hills. The of Maes Garmon (the field of Garmoa 

Chttrcfa is a neat building, ornamented or Germanus), where according to Con- 
all found the top of tlie walls with stantius of Lyons, who wrote the life of 
f<»Aiic carvings of animals. The great- saint Germanus, in Easter week 420 a 
est Mtft was erected in the reign of battle was fought between the com- 
ISbpif 1». bat the tower is more mod- bined forces of the Picu and Saxons and 



4t7 M0£D. 418 

i;he /^Itoof^ headed by the bishops rietothe right, fa see the magnificent 
Oej[^aaii^ an4 Lupu$. it is said; that gates of Leevtnood, the seat of Hichar<!f 
preyi9us to the engagement German- Garnons, esq. and a little higher up to 
W$ had instructed his soldiers to pro- Tower, then the residence of the v^v^, 
QQiuKe fit his command the word Al- dr. William Wynne. The hoxise i^ 
2cluia, very audibly, three times, at small, but part of it is a true speciltnett 
.which the enemy affrighted ana tfem- of the border-houses on the confines X)t 
blihj, fled and were nearly all ciit to Scotland ; a square tower of 3 stories;. 
pieces or drowned in the river adjoin- In tlie lower, still remains a staple lA 
Ing. From hence this victory has been the ceiling, a memorial of the rudeness 
called t^toria AUeMatica, A pyramid- 6f the times. During the wars betwee^ 
ai stone column and inscription, placed the houses of York and Lancaster, thi^ 
4iear. the spot in 1736, by the latfe Ne- place was inhabited by RelnMlt ab 
hemiah Ori^th, esq. of Rhu^l^ com- Gryffydd ap Bleddyn; in the time eft 
mexnoratei the event. Leland by John Wynnap Robert. De- 

Kot £ar irom Kiold, on the toad to scending intd his former road, mr.Pcii- 
If oftTHOPy is passed on the left, Gwysaru- nant passed albnjs the course of tlic Tei- 
JMy, the seat of tbe Tamily of PaVies, in rig, sometimes a. trifling brook, hut of- 
^ pleasant situation. "ten a tremendous swelL On i^uitting 

. Onnjr.Warner*8,retut'i?tpCAERwys, it*is channel hfe Went by Leeswood, 6t 
he visited Myn y ?andu le^d-m'ine, ibe Coed^UaL Farther on is HfjrLheal^^ 
jproperty or John Wilkinson, jesq. the beautifully <eiated upon a long risititf, 
great iron-master., He visited also, a insubted by thb vale, and finely wdoS 
fittlemrtJierdpwn the river, a lead-mine ed and cultivated. The house catti- 
cailed Pen y fron. The remaining jB mands an elegant view of the valky di- 
sailes exhibited a constai^t succession vided by the rock of CacrgwrFc, rising 
o£ the most beautiful ^d romantic out of the bottom, and capi^d wirh> 
scenes. .. ruined castle. A little further up the 

One mile ^nd a kialf on 'the Chester Vale, stands Plas-Tegy a singular house 
iLoAP occurs Qffh*s dykCf the ancient belonging to the Trevors, but ti35 lor^g 
and {famous boundary between Walps been occupied by fatmers. It is built 
and England^ extending (rqm Basing- with great regularity and simple gran, 
werk in l^lintehire to Monmouth. The deur. Inthecentre is ahaU43f6et 16ng ^ 
traveller would pass it unnoticed, if by 23; a spacious stair-case; and a- 
not pointed out. AU ttiat remains is a bove, is a dining-room of the same' dU 
small bnllowj which runs along the mensions as the hall, 12 feet 9 inch- 
cultivated fields. . Perhaps not above es high. At each cqirner of the house 
IB inches deep in the centre, or more is a square wing or tower. Hence mr. 
than 20 yards in breadth. When the Pennant pursued his journey to CaKr. 
Romans made their inroads Into this is- gwrle. On mr. Pennant's return 

land» abput the commencement of the from Cacrgwrle, he passed to M^es 
. christian aera, many of the Britons were Garmon, and thence towards Kitken« 
said to have retreated into Wales, at seeingonhis way, l/wj&-a/M»; the place 
which^time the river Dee, in the neigh- where the river Alun sinks unaer- 
bourhood of Chester, and the Severn, ground, and continues a subterraneous 
divided the two countries. All to the course for half a mile, and then emerg- 
E. was £ngland, and to the w. Wales: es. At 2 miles distance from this place 
Tbifc division continued about 600 years, lies the church of Kilken, beneath Mpfil 
when the ambitious Offa, coveting the famma, remarkable for it*s carved roof i 
fertile lands of his neighbours, easily which is said to have been brought frbm 
raised a quarrel, and an army. He then the church of Basingwerk abbey on tll<5 
drove them westward among the moun- dissolution. In this parish, on tho 

tains, seized their property, formed this side of the turnpike-road, not far froi^ 
vast dyke, and ordained that neither Kilken hall, is the noted Ffynnon Leintit, 
^ English nor Welshman should pass it. or^ flowing well. The well is larg* 
Thus he divided instead of uniting and oblong, with a double wall round 
man, promoted rancour instead of har- it. It is noticed by Camden for it's 
roony, bloodshed instead of peace. flux and reflux ; but this singularity has 
From Mold, mr. Pennant took the ceased since his time. This fountain 
western 'side of the vale, a tract filled lies in the vale of Nanjierch ; which ex- 
with gentlemen's scats, digressing a lit- tends one way to Mold ; and at the oth^ 
15 



4ia MONMOUTH. *«) 

er join* with that of Bodvari the inlet ry 5. St,Mary*#ChiiTcli Mliaod- 

inlo ihe vale of Clwyd. The house of lome modero ediBcc, remarkable tor 
Penbedu>,'the scat of Watkin Williams, it's spire, rising 200 feet from t*^««WB^ 
e^q., is a great ornament to this little dation. This structure it engrafted np* 
▼alley. This gentleman's library con- ona gothic church which beloiiged to 
tainiiome remains of the collection of an alien BcnedJctine pnoty of Bbck 
fir Kenclm Digby, and some illumin- Monkf, founded in the reign of Hen- 
ated books. In the meadow* below ry 1, The Priory-House forms a large 
the house, is part of a druidic circle, family residence belongmg to Adam 
and a small tumulus. Upon one of the Williams, esq. ; and contams an apai- 
lummits of the mounuin, at a great ment which the legend of the place de- 
height abovQ the house, is a very strong clares to have been the library of the 
british post, called Moel Arthur, with celebrated GeofFety of Monmouth, 
two ditches of prodigious depth. This The Castle it in a diUpidated state, vet 
is one of the chain of posts which de- among the broken walls are shews 
fended the country of the Ordovices traces of the chamber in which Heorj 
from the incursions of the Romany 5 was bom. Adjoining it the rum of > 
ITannerch is a hanjilet with a small large apartment, 63 feet long by 46 
church, noted for little besides a mon- wide, which was probably the bMoni. 
wncnt, in memory of Charlotte The- alhidUand in latter tiroes formed the 
ophUa Mottyn, wife of R, Mostyn, esq. cburt of the Assize*. Other vestaga 
Mr. Pcpi>ant expresses much gratitude of the castle are apparent andong ttahla 
' to mr. John Lloyd, the rector of thU and ouOibiises. "The tranamutationi 
place.for many communications, than of time," says, mr. Gilpin, " areoiio 
whom few possessed so critical a know- ludicrous. Monmouth Castle was fw- 
Icdgeofthe wel^h language and histo- merlythe palace of a king, and the birtfa- 
ty. Leave the church of SMvhg on place of a mighty prince ; it ii now a 
the right. At the junction of the yalet yard for fatting ducks.*' Some vauto 
of Nannereh and Bodoari, ascend to under the house of,ror. Cecil, of the 
C Ai RW Ys. Dyifirin, are of the oldest character, and 

- ,*--*u_ oi II .1 . maybeattributedtoSaxon,ifnottoRo. 

LllS^i^^JS^'S^' man, workmanship. In the reign of tbe 

Mr.S«ttoa«3d« tl^«xouStiJhUTour. with Conquerorttietc wat a Iftourishing «• 
thi, place. tie here. The present edifice was prob- 

To Caerwyi^ 15 miles. Pennant j Warner. ably built by John, baron of Monmouth, 

. — Flint, 6 miles, sitrine. from whom it was wrested by Henry % 

— Holywell, 9 mliei. d^Northop; 3J Hal- for hit taking part with the barons, b 

kin; 5 Holywell. afterwards became the property of the 

^>r^^,r%>^.^^^.^^^^^^,^v^ house of Lancaster; Henry 5 beinj 

AlongthcWye<romTintem,8mile.,B.ri>er. ^'"^ *^^^f/^^ S ^™12fl"k 

Backfromane»:u(iU>n to Grooiibnt, Barber. Monmouth. . J" J^*^ Cro"iwen took 

- From Abcrgavcmiy, 14 mile., Coxe. this castle, with that of Ragland. While 

Along the Wye from Ross, Gilpin j SVrine. at Monmouth, a person named Evani a- 

From Ragland Castle, 8 miles, Wyndham; tempted to shoot him in the house of 

Skrine. mr. Fortune, by whom Oliver was en- 

— -Tintern, by wayofLlandogoandTrd- lertained; but he wat prevented by 

lick, 7 miles. jQP„g ^j^o ^ere present, from the ap- 

MONMOUTH (anciently called prehension that the soldiers might burn 

Mynwy or Mongwy, from the river the town and destroy the inhabitanu. 

Wye) is delightfully situated in a gently A large mansion on the site of the ca$- 

mndulating valley, chiefly in a high tie, built with it's materials, and eo- 

scate of cultivation, surrounded by high grafted on it's ruins, is now occupied 

hills. It occupies a sort of peninsula as a ladies' boarding-school. Near 

formed by the conflux of the Wye and the extremity of the town, by the side 

ihe Monnow, so as to be nearly in- of the Monnow, it the county Gaol | a 

circled by the two rivers. The town new massive stone building, which in 

'u extensive and contains many good it's plan, regulations, and superinteDd- 

bottses, most of which are whitewash- ance, does high credit to the public 

ed. The market place and town-hall spirit of the county. Here is a 

cnrcr it is a handsome building, but dis- free-school, a lectureship, and alms' 

figured by an awkward statue ofH^n- houses for 10 poor widowers, and 10 



4t^l MONMOUTH. , 4« 

poor widows. lo/conjutiction with the ous grit, called the Buchttme, the fonn 
l>orough» of Usk and "Newport, Mon* of which resembles an irregubr square 
month sends one member to parlia-* pyramid, inverted^ and standing upon 
ment/and the cottnty sends 2, ' it's point or apex. It's circumference 

Tlie prtncipal Inns are the Beaufort* at top is 56 feet, the point on which i( 
arms, and King's-head* Mon- rests, about 3 feet. A roman road\$- 

mouth is sdpposed by mr. Horsley to said to have led from Stanton up the, 
have been a roman station, the Blestium Kymin towards Monmouth. 
of Antoninusl. It is a borough and cor- In the neighbpurhood of Monmouth 
porate tbWn, governed by a mayor, 2 are several antique mansions which de« 
baiiift^i a recorder, 1 5 common^ouncil- serve notice. About a mile from the' 
men, and a town-clerk. It's commerce town, on the left of the road to Rag-' 
depends on the navigatidn of the Wye, land, is JVynagtow-houte, formerly a re- 
in the distiribution of goods between sidence of a branch of the Herbert fanv- 
Bristoi, Hereford, and adjoining dis- ily, conjectured to have been built a- 
tricts. The'town has no manufacture, bout the reign of Henry 6. It's situa- 
but there are some iron and tin works tion, on a gentle eminence, coniunands 
in the nerghbourhood. A considerable many extensive views. There are' 

Sattof the thriving appearance of Mon- I still remaining several original family 
louth may be attributed t6 thenumer- portraits. The old chapel belonging' 
bus'g'i^htry'ivho are induced by the to the Inanslon is now appUed'tp dor 
pleasantnesk' of the situation to fix their mestic uset T^enw^n, situated a^ 

r^idencc ' there. / Chippfenham- bout a mile further westward; to the 

Me^ddw;/anagteeablie' plain, ihciosed n. of the road to Raglan, was 6ncie.i|| 
hy the toWh, the Wye, and the Mon- splendid mansion built by Inigb JpQes# 
ncrw, is tlje'' general rendezvous of which belonged to another scion fronai 
G wen^iin beauty on summer even- the Herbert stock. The position of the 
ings. .' • . . ' . house and grounds is delightful, w^er- 

• Witliotit the town, at the foot of the ed by the meandering Trothy, and stiU 
Monilow-bridge, IS 5/. TAoma^'fCKurc/i, exhibiting a profusion of rich woods, 
a (hiri<^us old Structure, supposed to Tho' occupied as a farm-boiiie, this 
have been built bv the SaXons. mansion continues to shew many nc|ark« 

In the parish or Stanton in the vicin- of it's ancient grandeur, in the spacious 
ity of Monmouth is a remarkably high and decorative style of the apartments^ 
hill, talled'the Kymin, which rises from in a noble staircase of oak, and it's orna- 
the banks of the Wye,' on the Gloces- men ted porch. Trou'houte, stand* 

tershire side of the river. A pleasant' ing near the small river Troiky, within 
'walk i^ traced on it's summit, from a mile s.b. of Monmouth, near the road 
^wrhi<A a wonderful range of prospect to Chepstow, was the residence of a» 
extends tp a circumference of near 3iK) nothcr of the prolific Herbert race* 
ihllds.. At the top is a handsome pavil- Part of the ancient residence is visible 
ion ibr the accomihodation of parties, in a gothiC gateway; but the house it 
It's summit is also adorned With a rich of a later date. The apartments con. 
wood called Beaulieu grove. Several tain a considerable number of family 
walks cut through it terminate at the pictures, particularly that of Ed ward earl' 
brow of steep declivities, commanding of Glamorgan, sixth earl and second 
great and enchanting views. This em- marquis of Worcester. In the house- 
inence has become celebrated from a keeper's room is a curious oak chim- 
Naval Temple which has been erected ^ey piece, brought from Raglan Castle^ 
to record the eminent victories obtain- carved with scriptural subjects ; and in 
ed by the English on the seas, but par- a room on the third floor is another an- 
ticularh during the a'merican war. This cient chimney-piece inlaid with mother 
edifice Is built upon the ridge of a rock ; of pearl, and ornamented with devices, 
and forms a square of 13 feet. The LeideUhouse, sevited midway on a de^- 
firi^ze, which is continued round it, is clivity which leads from the extremity 
ornamented with medalions of the most of thecommon of Monmouth, is remark - 
eminent british admirals, surrounded able for the beauty of it's situation. At 
with emblematic and appropriate de- this point, the mountains in the neigh- 
vices. In the same parish, on the bourhood of Abergavenny assume a 
edge of a precipitous declivity of lime- new position ; the gentle swell of the 
stone-rock, u a rude firagmenc of silici- liitle Skyrrid is peculiarly elegant, and 




425" MC*M'0*TH* ,*^ 

^t cni%f flcl{;e of iht Greait Skyrrid vawr, mountamt wHOi 'eboi^fuie ia 

appi^rs turmotinted by the ccir^i of the sigbt t'6r several ihiles. tS^ Sbck 

StigatLoaf; below I^Tonrnouth stretch- Mouiitaios also appear, bqroodwiudi 

cfl along the banks of the >fV^e, beatiti- is placed, the celebrated L.i.AimioKT 

fUlly embowered in tr«c&, and backed Abeay. The son. it a reddufi ^oam 

^ wooded eminences, above wfiich with clay ; and the ground undiilates 

tbWers the bleak and rugged summit of with alternate dips and dbinedces, in 

the Little Pbward. a pleasing maiiher. Indeed Moomoncfa- 

' On th'^ rOad TO Abergavenny, at the ^ire may be pronounced one of the 

dUtaYice of 3 miles, and southward of mcjst picturesque counti^ in the is- 

tiie road, are the small remairts of the land, nor isit*s fertility inCJenofto it'i 

A^bey of Grflc^-tfitfti, chiefly formed in- natural beauty. It is on this account 

to a batn, situated oh a sequestered that it has been more (re^eotif visits 

BatitcoftheTrothy, Z^an/?i7oCrM- ed by persons df taste and oficner da- 

ieneiff the seat of Rich^d Le\yis, esq. is cribed than any other remote and re- 

a modem hotise built on the site of an ral district in ihe kingdbn^^ i^oced- 

. 4^cieilt mahsion of the t'owells.and ing io ttanarth, pass seyetat aoug cot- 

^leasingly situated in a rich undulating tages, surroUnded by orcbarda, and 

^dHtry, to ^he s. of the road, about half- gardens, ^fany of the p^a^^ts keep 

way to Abefrg^V^iiny. /'the position b^es. O.^en are much pied in agiir 

66m^ands an interesting prospect of culture., I'aAture apd natur^ jpc^ ^ 

{he, delghbourinl^ country ;'^nd in the Exceeds (ne /quantity ql , aij^le, asd 

h6th^Vi^iV the church of tiandi/i?, with town ^•^Itls. Lime^ii th^ ..i^ost con- 

ft't hi^h s^lr6, forms a picturesque and mba . manure, tammas wjkat, peas 

lestding object. In an adjoining ^eld, and beans^ with. a little h^rl^^ jreide 

farmen Soene 

.. , .,, ^ , yoke thf^m io a invi- 

^tdencjb' of the celebrated Sir Davi^ ner wfiich is paihful .tp- 'die animal» 
Giufl. 'fhe ruins pit W^hUe Casih And renders half his itfM^ mdess. 

ire yeiry considerable, crowning th^ In this tr^ick, not only Ifl^ jchwchcs, 
Itimtriit of a tidgy eminence, i§ miles but the inc.anest cot»» aQd'^evi^ pigsties 
ip. the N. of Llaridilo. Their figure is flare wlih whitewa^, t?*W4 d©esMi 
irre'^iibir ; flanked by 6 circular towers, let here at more than ^6$ a^ acrek- iM- 
iyiiich, With the ramparts, are pierced artk Court i^ a handsome^' ipev , hpuse 
With oilets. Two ad valuing massive built by , the prbprletpr , aupd /resident 

lowers guard the entrance, which was Jones, esq. upon, the site ofac 

ptoiiidedwith a portcullis and draw- old one. Thp' the ai^li'tude ofihe 
bridge, and rendered still niore form- estate supplies maqy Cj9niinaoding »t- 
Idable by an uncommonly large out- uotions, mr. Jones . preferrpd. the prei- 
tvork beyond the moat, which is re- ent calm scene, >Yith a liinked park 
markably deep. It's antiquitv appears view in front, to the ostentation o^ ac 
lo be at least coeval with the first set- elevated site. The p.Uce* with it'» 
tlement of the Kormans in Gwent, if contiguous embellishments^ is truly 
hot nvore remote. what "Capability" Brown .asserted lo 

■ Another Route to Abergavenny, a similar case, " so pleasant withia it- 
Alter quitting Monmouth pass the cu- self, that no one can wish to lookbc- 
rious old bridge over the Munnow, yond it." Clytha Castle^ a fancitul 
>Brith k gate-way over it*s centre, and modern erection belonging to the same 
Itecehdiiig the hill survey the scenery family, makes a conspicuoas object 
1)1 the vicinity of the town. Many from Llanarth. In proceeding to A^* 
tke^ts are advantageously planted round ; gavenny, the hills which had long ap- 
'luhohg the rest is Twy-hmse, once the peared in front, now begin to present 
spletidid mansion of the dukes of Beau- an opening, through which the Us^ 
fort, now inhabited by tenants. The winds. After passing Coiebrodk Ifffl 
favourite residence of the family is at containing an assemblage ojf rural beau- 
Badmington in Glocestershire. Pass ties, enter the charmjng vale in whicb 
through fVynastov) and Dynosiow, "both Abergavenny and Crickhowel arc ««• 
prettily situated and ornamented with uated, upon the banks of the VA' 
neat churches. ^ In front ap])ears the Approach the foot of the Biorenge- 
^ BldrCiige, the Sugar Loaf, and Skyridd On this mountain are iron works wbici> 



4^ uQimcfVTny m 

*^T^ J^J^ ^^ *^ wod^ctiyp. that m seats, Tli^ ro^ iayp^fj^ ffn t^.\Mn}^^ 
9nf? ^§1^!^^^ ij^e reri| "has beei^ ad vane- of t^e Ulfc, and partly vipon H^le-^min^. 
ed frbip it^ji .^risij^l 60/. to 5000/. a year, enc6s above it, a)>buhdihg v^'ith Variou? 
T^is ipoun^jtiji bpunds the .view on the prospects, till ^ quick descent brought 
left 5 white the $ugar-lpaf, tpwering on him in sight of Abefgayehny.' 
tl?c fight of tti^e joad is presently inter-r Mr. (Gilpin continues his accQunt of 
yiened/by pther hills of inferior n\agni- navigating the Wye to Chepstow in thQ 
tpde* Pa«s mr. Twer's farm at Hard- follQwirig manner: " ^s we left Moi^r 
lyick!^!^ the ^as? of the Blorenge. mouth, the banks, pn the left, were, at 
This ^ejpitl^ljAaii ha^ gained much di^- iirst low ; but on both sides they sboi^ 
tlnctign on ;;iccount of his superior breed grew steep, and woody j varying theijr 
pf ox,^p aad pigs, which have obtained shapes as from Ross. The most beauti^ 
him jipveral bre^ivi^jf from the Bath ful of these scenes is in the neighbour 
^f^ciiitui^e Society. The enclosures, hood of St. Breval^s Castle ,♦ where the 
JU^re, ^d g;eQeraUy throughout Mon- vast woody declivities, on each han^ 
mouth'shlre, lac^ small and convenient are uncommonly magnificent. Th^ 
JOT .Q|CCU|»ati9JD. The walnut and span- banks of the Wye consist, almoSbt entire- 
is^ c^^shut ,tre^ abound ii;i this di^- ly either of wood, or of pasturage^ 
ifici, — ^Frpnn a Tour ip \^aies, yi vol. 9 wljich is a circumstance of peculiar vaJU 
of " Wodern Tr^yeU." Anotheir ue ip landscape. The painter never 

-jWriter«ay«i,|bat.psi appjoi^ching' Aber- desires the hand of art to touch Yir^ 
jg^vpnpy;, tlip.tpwosi's ^^tt^ntidn is ii^- grounds. The meadows below Moii- 
.vo^iuJQjtarily ^ari;este|d by |the singular mouth, which ran shelving from the 
bpauty jfnd variety of interest which the hills to the water-side, were particular- 
^jpjt,,e.m]^^aces» particularly in it's en- ly beautiful, and well inhabited. FlocTi;s 
.crircjiM; Jiills. The road skirting the of sheep were every where hanging 00 

Jittle Skyiidd, a well formed hill, rich- their green steeps; and herds of cattle 
y Iai<i out in wood and pasture, opeqs occupying the lower grounds. We of- 
to avfine display of the v^e of Usk be- ten sailed past groups of them in tl\e 
ne^th.; 0^ the opposite of which the water, or retired from the heat. und^ 
.cont.ini^9iiis ridge of the wild rontypoql sheltered banks. In this part pf the 
kiUs^ wl\ich form the western boundary river, also, which now begins to widen, 
of the county, terminate in the heathy we word often entertaiined with light 
highi^WctUng Jilorengp, 'A tract of vessels gliding past us. _ In many plac- 
^-u^ood i|w^eps a^ojjLgjt's base, and. mix- es the views were varied by the prf^ 
-es, With <he sylvan knoll of jLlanfois.t, pect of bays and harbours, iti miniature; 
^^pr'atipg it's northern extremity, where little barks lay moored, takmg 
Twtherto t^ie ri^ht, the elegant smooth in ore, and other commodities, from the 
'copieiof the Sugarloaf, the highest of the ihountains. Castles and abbeys 

Monngiputhshire mountains, presents It- have different, situations, agreeably to 
SfoXff is^suing frpip ^ong the fourtrit- their. respective uses. Thecasjtlemeant 
ut^ryeminences/of the Pen-y-vale hills, for defence, standi boldly on the h*^l; 
''j^^sitf.^f thi$ ipountaip is the Great the iibbey intended for meditation,' is 
^S^^f^d, ah pt]|J6<jt of cpnsiderablc in- hid in the se<jUest€red Vale. The A^ 
tef^j U^s bipartite and truly ailpine //e^^ o/ITintern occupies a gentle ernln- 
s^mit,withou)Lhein^, a forced opposi- enc'e in th^'m.iddle of a^cirCnla^VAlJ^, 
,tioti, ;^rifcingly qonitrasts the general beautifully screeneB 00 all sides by 
undjUl^ing^ Iwie 9/ t;^^e peightouring wooded hills, 'through"whi<ph the riy«r 
nins'ana rears- a distinct and noble winds it*s course ; ahd the hills Closihg 
,;g|^K^tef.po the^qepe, , en it's entrance and pn it's exit, leave 

Op^v^ncing tf^, Abergavenny,. mr., no room for inclement blasts to enter. 
'-^)tme.irppa8s^d}the >i)'iir)nputh bridge, A more pleasing retreat could not easi- 
ito visit Wi^na^ow, Thep<;e a succes- ly be found. The wood* and gl^«f5« 
;filo|^'otl^t§^p ^tjci ruggedl iiUls led him iptermixed* the wiiiditig of thie nv- 
. thr9^g^l '^.'welWnclosQd cpqntry, a- erj the variety rtf tlie* grpund ; the 
.boupdifl^in ^))e .stipire,s of Jppmoria, till splendid ruin, contrasted with the pjb- 
.\\e i^^tGf^Cii^ into the great pale of Cly^ je'cts of nature; and the elegant line 
tha, tet^een the hou^e and modern formed by the summits of the hiQ«, 
Ijc^thic casj^e of n^rl Jones* A s he ad- which inqiude the whole 5 fnJakc^ to- 
.yanqcfl tjiroM^h this lively and popul- geU^r a very inchanting piece pf sc^to- 
put||laip>.l^e parsed several handsome pryV Nppairt.PfthcseTuimis«alrQRi 



4«7 MONMOUTH. 498 

the rWer, except the abbey-church. at the distance of half a mile from the 
[See Tintern-Abbey.J Within half a house. The banks are inriched witti 
mile of this solitary, tranquil scene, are many objects;, amoog which two 
carried on ^reat iron-works ; which in- bridges, with winding roada,, and the 
troduce noise and bustle into these re« tower of Glasbury Church, aurroanded 
gions of tranquillity. As we descend by wood, are conspioious. A distaac 
the river, the same scenery continues, country equally inriched, fills the re- 
The banks are equally steep, winding, remote parts of the landt^pe, which is 
and woody ; and in some parts diversi- terminated by mountaini. The bridge 
fied by prominent rocks, and ground at Glasbury in this view, it remarkablf 
finely broken and adorned. But one light and elegant, consisting of several 
great disadvantage began here to in« arches. As you advance to Boallt liK 
vade us. Hitherto the river had been country grows more grand and pictor- 
clear, and splendid ; reflecting the sev- esque. The valley of the Wyebecomo 
eral objects on it's banks. But it's wa- more contracted, and the roads run attbe 
ters now become ouzy, and discolour- bottom aloingthe edge of the water. In 
red. Sludgy shores too appeared, on this wild and mchanung country standi 
each side ; and other symptoms, which IJangoed, the house of John Bfacnaman, 
discovered the influence of a tide. The esq. A few males beyond you reach 
pounds at Piibcbfiblb are thought as Buallt, where you cross the Wye *- 
much worth a traveller's notice, as any gain and continue along the ir. side oi 
object on the banks of the Wye. We the river. The ^roe grand scenery coo* 
pushed on shore close under the rocks, tinues, lofly banks, woody vales, arockr 
and the tide being at ebb, we landed channel, and a rapid stream. Soon »(- 
with some difficulty upon an oozy ter you come to the sulphureous spriop 
beach. One of the bargemen served of LLANVDRiNnoD, which yon leave 
as a guide. [See Picrcefield.] From on the right, and crossing the merl- 
the scenes at Piercefield we walked to thon, reach Rmaiader. Hence yoube- 
Chepstow." Mr. Gilpin recommends gin to approach the sources of the Wye, 
the following route to those inclined which becomes more and more inii{* 
to make nificant. /Jangeri^, at the distance of 

A TowE TO THi SOURCE OF THR WYi, ^^ miics fVom Rhaiader, is the last vii- 
and thence through the midland lage on the banks of the Wye. 5oob 

covniies of Wales. after all inhabitancy ceases, and yoo 

"^FtomRoss to Hereford the great road begin to ascend the skirts ofPlinlim- 
leaves the river, which is scarcely seen ; ' mon. After a gradual rise of ten miio 
but it may be pursued on foot', along you arrive at the sources of the river, 
it's banks. From Hereford, the road foU It is a singular circumstance that witb- 
lows the course of the river to the Hav, in a quarter of a mile of the well-head 
winding along it's northern banks, of the Wye, arises the Severn. Ai 
Six miles from Hereford is Foxley. there is nothing in these inhospitable 
After which, the ruins of Bradwardine regions to detain you long, you will 
Castle appear soon in view* At a undoubtedly soon be inclined to re- 
bridge near them you cross the Wye, turn to Rhaiadr. Hence Havcd will 
and traverse the ». side of jthc river, certainly form a powerful • attrac. 
"Lczving Whitney Bridge on the right, tion. Thence may be visited, at no great 
you still continue your coyrsc along the distance, Pont y Monach, Aberystwith« 
southern bank ; and soon come in view or whatever other object the traveller 
of the ruins of C/i/forrf Castle; where tra- is inclined to pursue." 
ditioh informs us, the celebrated Ro- Five miles on the road to Cbrfstow 
samond spent her early life. Soon after is the village of Treleck, which is sup- 
vou arrive at the Hay. If you have time posed to have derived it's name from 3 
loraneicursion, you will find about half druidic stones standing in a field ad- 
way between Hay and Abergavenny, the joining the road near the church. They 
ruins of Llanthonv Priory. Return- are placed upright, or rather inclining; 
ing to Hay, you continue your rout of different heighu, from 10 to 15 feet 
to BuaUt, stiU on the s. side of the river. By the natives they are called Harrold's 
Four miles beyond the Hay, stands stones. In the village is an earthen 
Maettough House ; the situation is in it's mound 450 feet in dtameter^ eiKnrcted 
kind perhaps one of the finest in Wales, by a moat, and connected with ezten- 
The river Incircles a part of the grounds, sive entrenchments j which is imagio- 



Ait9 MORORBEER. ' ^ 

. e^ to have been a roman work, anil af- by a curtain wall with cincular towefrtj' 
forwards the site o( a cattle belonging covering each angle and a demi-tntret ' 
zo the earU of Clare. The village h al- projecting from the middle of one Vide. 
so teifiarkable for a chalybeate well, of Kear the centre of thie area i^ a' jnliet, 
tlie nattiie of Tunbridge waters. Near or high round tower, upon a mound, 
the chtirch, which deserves to be notic- which formed the keep, the door and 
cd for the agreeable proportions of it's window apertures of which are circu- 
^Dthic members and it's handsome larly arched ; but the exterior waHs of 
spire, is a pedestal with a sun-dial, the castle appear to have been original* 
sttpposed to be of high antiquity, yet ly only furnished with oilets or chinks 
probably not anterior to the l6th cen- for shooting arrows through. Scren- 
tttiy. In this parish is a remiirkable tu* frith Castle is certainly of british erec- 
mulas called Ktyg p D^, being 60 tion and probably as ancient as any in 
paces in circtimfereoce and in height Wales. Screnfrith, Grosmont, and 

about 6 yards. It rises from an easy White Castles, formerly defended th« * 
ascent and hollow upon the top. This lordship of Overwent; which extending' 
Heap is chiefly formed of femall stotaes from the Wye to the Usk, nearly com- 
covered with turf, and may properly be prised the whole northern portion of 
called a camedd. Upon the top is a Monmouthshire. This tract of country, 
large, flat stone o.f an oval form, ab<^ut 3 with it's castles, fell into the hands of 
yards long, and 12 inches thick; Un- Brian Fitz Count, earl of Hereford, who 
der it was found a cistvaen, or stone came over with the Conqueror j but it 
Chest, 4 feet long, and* 3 broad, com-^ was afterwards seized by Henry 3, and ' 
posed of ^7 stones, 2 at the end and one conferred on his favourite Hubert de 
behind. It is supposed to have been Burgh. On the disgrace of that virtu- 
the burial place or sepulchre of some ous and able nfiinister, the capricious 
british chief, before the roman* con- monarch granted the 3 castles to his 
^aest. From this place the road soon son the earl of Lancaster; and, with 
ascends the Devaudon height, traverses Caldecot Castle, they still remain an- 
a tract of forest called Chepstow Park, nexed to the dutchy. The road to 
And in the course of it's progress em- Grosmont lies through tedious by-lanes, 
braces several superb and extensive but the scenery is most retired and pleas- 
triews; in which the varieties of the ing. Ontheright, the lively, and trans- 
Wye, of hanging woods, wild heathy parent Monnow serpentizes through 
mountains, and rich inclosures, rise in woods and hollows. On the left, the 
succession. Or^gg a huge and solitary mountain, 

On the road TO HiREPoRD a direction rears it^ towering side